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Park Ki-Tae KT School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology , Pohang 790-784, - - 2014
Oceanic dimethyl sulfide (DMS) is the enzymatic cleavage product of the algal metabolite dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and is the most abundant form of sulfur released into the atmosphere. To investigate the effects of two emerging environmental threats (ocean acidification and warming) on marine DMS production, we performed a large-scale perturbation experiment ...
Jin Sung Woong SW Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To examine the cooling effectiveness of a rapid infusion system (RIS) during induction of therapeutic hypothermia. This laboratory study simulated the effect of three fluid delivery methods: rapid dripping without any other equipment (control); RIS; pressure bag. Cold energy loss ( × min) was calculated as: (temperature of the proximal thermoprobe - ...
Derosa G G Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia and Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, Pavia, Italy; Center for the Study of Endocrine-Metabolic Pathophysiology and Clinical Research, University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2014
There is considerable interest in pharmacogenetic and molecular biomarkers. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of enalapril/lercanidipine combination on some emerging biomarkers for cardiovascular risk stratification of hypertensive patients, such as lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], soluble advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and serum myeloperoxidase (MPO). Three hundred ...
Sontgerath Joseph S JS Department of Emergency Medicine, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intramedullary pressure changes during intraosseous (IO) procedures have been implicated in the intravasation of bone marrow fat and with pain in conscious patients. The objective of this study was to demonstrate inter-provider variability in pressures generated during initial flush procedures. IO cannulas were inserted into the proximal tibiae and humeri ...
Rao Akhilesh A Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, 5 Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO, 65212, - - 2014
Incretin-based therapies are now well established for diabetes management and are among the frontline agents for control of hyperglycemia. In addition to their antihyperglycemic effects, evidence is emerging on the role of these agents on blood pressure regulation, cardioprotective and renoprotective properties. Because of the pleiotropic nature of these affects, ...
Wilson Kristin K Center for Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Research and The Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Two main hemodynamic overload mechanisms [i.e., volume and pressure overload (VO and PO, respectively] result in heart failure (HF), and these two mechanisms have divergent pathologic alterations and different pathophysiological mechanisms. Extensive evidence from animal models and human studies of PO demonstrate a clear association with alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis. ...
Fang Yuan Y Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, 222 Tian Shui South Road, Lanzhou, 730000, - - 2014
Human opiorphin is recently identified endogenous pentapeptide, encoded by ProL1 multigenes family that contributes to cardiovascular modulation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of opiorphin through intravenous injection (i.v.) on mean arterial pressure (MAP) regulation. To investigate the bioactivity of opiorphin, a rat cannulation model was ...
Arhami Dolatabadi Ali A Department of Emergency Medicine, Imam Hossein Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Hypertension (HTN) is a serious health problem that threatens one fourth of the adult population in some countries. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and outcome of undiagnosed hypertensive patients admitted to the emergency department. This cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2009 to March 2010 at Imam Hossein ...
Seal David W DW Jacksonville Practice Division, College of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, FL, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the provisions made by pharmacists when dispensing an emergency supply of an antihypertensive medication to patients in a community setting.Participants:Pharmacists and nonpharmacists (pharmacy technicians or interns) who were employed with community pharmacies and have witnessed or dispensed an emergency supply of an antihypertensive medication. Those who agreed to ...
Sun J J College of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China, College of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Acute cerebral hemorrhage (ACH) is an important clinical problem that is often monitored and studied with expensive devices such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography. These devices are not readily available in economically underdeveloped regions of the world, emergency departments, and emergency zones. We have developed ...
Price Raymond S RS Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
The definition of hypertension has continuously evolved over the last 50 years. Hypertension is currently defined as a blood pressure greater than 140/90mmHg. One in every four people in the US has been diagnosed with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension increases further with age, affecting 75% of people over the ...
Ronzaud Caroline C Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
Ubiquitylation is crucial for regulating numerous cellular functions. In the kidney, ubiquitylation regulates the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC. The importance of this process is highlighted in Liddle's syndrome, where mutations interfere with ENaC ubiquitylation, resulting in constitutive Na(+) reabsorption and hypertension. There is emerging evidence that NCC, involved in hypertensive ...
Francis Joseph J 1 Comparative Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge, - - 2014
Abstract Cellular redox balance is vital in health and disease. In this Forum, we highlight the importance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the regulation of redox balance in different organ systems of the body and ROS contribution to the development of hypertension. The Forum examines interactions between oxidative and ...
Zhu Zhiyong Z Physical Sciences and Engineering Division, KAUST, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Ab-initio calculations show a pressure induced trivial-nontrivial-trivial topological phase transition in the normal state of 1T-TiSe2. The pressure range in which the nontrivial phase emerges overlaps with that of the superconducting ground state. Thus, topological superconductivity can be induced in protected surface states by the proximity effect of superconducting bulk ...
Pinna Giuliano G Department of Internal Medicine, Ospedale Cottolengo, Torino, - - 2014
Epidemiological data on the impact of hypertensive crises (emergencies and urgencies) on referral to the Emergency Departments (EDs) are lacking, in spite of the evidence that they may be life-threatening conditions. We performed a multicenter study to identify all patients aged 18 years and over who were admitted to 10 ...
Isaacson Stuart H SH Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center of Boca Raton, Boca Raton, FL, - - 2014
Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) is due to failure of the autonomic nervous system to regulate blood pressure in response to postural changes due to an inadequate release of norepinephrine, leading to orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension. nOH is common in Parkinson's disease (PD). Prevalence varies throughout the course of PD, ...
Irisawa Taro - - 2013
Stroke is difficult to diagnose when consciousness is disturbed. However few reports have discussed the clinical predictors of stroke in out-of-hospital emergency settings. This study aims to evaluate the association between initial systolic blood pressure (SBP) value measured by emergency medical service (EMS) and diagnosis of stroke among impaired consciousness ...
Ganguly Samrat - - 2013
We report a 12-year-old girl presenting with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) along with hypertensive emergency. Hypertension persisted for few weeks following recovery and subsided with oral clonidine. Although autonomic instability in ADEM has been reported before, hypertensive emergency was not previously documented as presenting feature of ADEM.
Harm Falko - - 2013
Inappropriately cuffed tracheal tubes can lead to inadequate ventilation or silent aspiration, or to serious tracheal damage. Cuff pressures are of particular importance during aeromedical transport as they increase due to decreased atmospheric pressure at flight level. We hypothesised, that cuff pressures are frequently too high in emergency and critically ...
Triggle Nick - - 2013
REDUCING EMERGENCY admissions, particularly among older patients, will be crucial in helping the NHS in England cope with winter pressures in the future, according to an audit of the system.
Meersman Filip - - 2013
High pressures extending up to several thousands of atmospheres provide extreme conditions for biological organisms to survive. Recent studies are investigating the survival mechanisms and biological function of microorganisms under natural and laboratory conditions extending into the GigaPascal range, with applications to understanding the Earth's deep biosphere and food technology. ...
Wilfond Benjamim S - - 2013
Every so often, a bioethics controversy emerges that galvanizes our views. The Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial mushroomed into a controversy of this sort this past year. In 2007, the "Ashley case," involving the use of estrogen to attenuate the growth of a girl with profound disabilities, was ...
Berns Veronica M - - 2013
Even after significant advances in the structural characterization of quasicrystals-phases whose diffraction patterns combine the sharp peaks normally associated with lattice periodicity and rotational symmetries antithetical to such periodicity-this new form of long-range order remains enigmatic. Here, we present DFT-chemical pressure calculations on the Tsai-type quasicrystal approximant CaCd6, which reveal ...
Cancio Leopoldo C - - 2013
We found that heart rate (HR) complexity metrics such as sample entropy (SampEn) identified patients with trauma receiving lifesaving interventions (LSIs). We now aimed (1) to test a multiscale entropy (MSE) index, (2) to compare it to single-scale measures including SampEn, and (3) to assess different parameter values for calculation ...
Wu J J - - 2013
The recent discovery of iron ferropnictide superconductors has received intensive concern in connection with magnetically involved superconductors. Prominent features of ferropnictide superconductors are becoming apparent: the parent compounds exhibit an antiferromagnetic ordered spin density wave (SDW) state, the magnetic-phase transition is always accompanied by a crystal structural transition, and superconductivity ...
Shekhar Shashank - - 2013
To compare the effectiveness of orally administered nifedipine and intravenously administered labetalol for acute blood pressure control in hypertensive emergency of pregnancy. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, pregnant women with sustained increase in systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 110 mm ...
Blakemore Sophie - - 2013
A £500 million short-term government bailout to help emergency departments (EDs) cope with winter pressures should be translated into long-term investment, the RCN has warned.
Frei Steven P - - 2013
Hypertension is a common incidental finding in the emergency department (ED). However, the authors noticed a segment of patients who present to the ED specifically because their blood pressure is found to be elevated outside of the hospital. Emergency medicine physicians are often unsure of the level of intervention that ...
Guo Jing - - 2013
The emergence of superconductivity in the iron pnictide or cuprate high temperature superconductors usually accompanies the suppression of a long-ranged antiferromagnetic (AFM) order state in a corresponding parent compound by doping or pressurizing. A great deal of effort by doping has been made to find superconductivity in Mn-based compounds, which ...
Sprinks Jennifer - - 2013
Prime minister David Cameron has announced that struggling A&E departments across England will share an extra £500 million over the next two years to relieve winter pressures.
Too Gloria T - - 2013
Hypertension affects 10% of pregnancies, many with underlying chronic hypertension, and approximately 1-2% will undergo a hypertensive crisis at some point during their lives. Hypertensive crisis includes hypertensive urgency and emergency; the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists describes a hypertensive emergency in pregnancy as persistent (lasting 15min or more), ...
Mota Maria J - - 2013
Hydrostatic pressure is a well-known physical parameter which is now considered an important variable of life, since organisms have the ability to adapt to pressure changes, by the development of resistance against this variable. In the past decades a huge interest in high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) technology is increasingly emerging ...
Chauvet Cristina - - 2013
Hypertension, the most frequently-diagnosed clinical condition world-wide, predisposes individuals to morbidity and mortality, yet its underlying pathological etiologies are poorly understood. So far, a large number of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) have been identified in both humans and animal models, but how they function together in determining overall blood pressure ...
Fu Yinan - - 2013
High-pressure NMR spectroscopy has emerged as a complementary approach for investigating various structural and thermodynamic properties of macromolecules. Noticeably absent from the array of experimental restraints that have been employed to characterize protein structures at high hydrostatic pressure is the residual dipolar coupling, which requires the partial alignment of the ...
Meischke Hendrika - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the effectiveness of a mail campaign that included blood pressure (BP) measurements from patients treated by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) to motivate them to (re)check their BP at a fire station. The mailing used a 2x2 research design tailoring on risk and source personalization. ...
Cozzolino Mario - - 2013
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects approximately 500 million people worldwide and is increasingly common in both industrialized and emerging countries. Although the mechanisms underlying the inexorable progression of CKD are incompletely defined, recent discoveries may pave the way to a more comprehensive understanding of the pathophysiology of CKD progression and ...
Sorb Y A - - 2013
The pressure dependence of various inter- and intra-layer Raman modes has been studied on pristine matlockite compound, PbFCl, up to ∼41 GPa. The low-frequency interlayer vibrational modes, A1g(1) and Eg(1), identified as rigid layer modes, exhibit non-monotonic behavior with increasing pressure. They exhibit points of inflexion at ∼24 GPa and ...
Meenakshisundaram Ramachandran R Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Sri Gokulam Hospitals and Research Institute, 3/60, Meyyanur Road, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India ; Chennai Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Irungalur, Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India ; Institute for Materials Research and Innovation, University of Bolton, Deane Street, Bolton BL3 5AB, United - - 2013
Snakebite is not an uncommon medical emergency in India; however, symptoms of autonomic dysfunction in snakebite are rare. The elapid snake envenomation is a frequent occurrence in India, and the krait bite is prevalent in the south Indian region. Here, we present three cases of snakebite with severe hypertension and ...
Erken Martina - - 2013
Bacteria in the environment must survive predation from bacteriophage, heterotrophic protists, and predatory bacteria. This selective pressure has resulted in the evolution of a variety of defense mechanisms, which can also function as virulence factors. Here we discuss the potential dual function of some of the mechanisms, which protect against ...
González Pacheco Héctor - - 2013
Patients with hypertensive crises, especially hypertensive emergencies, require immediate admittance to an intensive care unit for rapid blood pressure (BP) control. The authors analyzed the prevalence of hypertensive crisis, the clinical characteristics, and the evolution of patients with hypertensive emergencies and urgencies. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to ...
Wijaya Indra - - 2013
Hypertensive crises can be divided into two categories as hypertensive emergency and hypertensive urgency. Most authorities have defined hypertensive emergency as a situation that requires immediate reduction in blood pressure (BP) with parenteral agents because of acute or progressive target organ damage, whereas hypertensive urgency is a situation with markedly ...
Ahn Justin S - - 2013
ABSTRACTSpontaneous low cerebrospinal fluid pressure headaches are a rare but treatable cause of debilitating headaches. The condition is characterized by a postural headache in the absence of any recent spinal procedures and is exacerbated when upright and relieved when supine. Diagnosis and treatment are often delayed, however, due to a ...
Curiale Gioacchino G - - 2013
An 83-year-old right-handed woman presented to the emergency department with right arm and leg weakness. The patient had been feeling well until 1 hour before arrival when she noted that her right hand became clumsy while typing. When she tried to stand, she found that she could not walk because ...
Xiong Xingjiang - - 2013
Hypertension is a major public-health issue. Much consensus has been reached in the treatment, and considerable progress has been made in the field of antihypertensive drugs. However, the standard-reaching rate of blood pressure is far from satisfaction. Considering these data and the seriousness of the effects of hypertension on the ...
van der Merwe Walter - - 2013
The Waitemata Hypertension Clinic Database 2009-2012 (Auckland, New Zealand) was searched for patients meeting the definition of Malignant Hypertension. Eighteen of 565 patients met the criteria. All patients had essential hypertension which was either undiagnosed, untreated or undertreated. Most cases responded satisfactorily to standard drug therapy, but a number were ...
Li Yan-Ling - - 2013
Pressure can tune material's electronic properties and control its quantum state, making some systems present disconnected superconducting region as observed in iron chalcogenides and heavy fermion CeCu2Si2. For CaC6 superconductor (Tc of 11.5 K), applying pressure first Tc increases and then suppresses and the superconductivity of this compound is eventually disappeared ...
Boedtkjer Ebbe E Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University Aarhus, - - 2013
Genome-wide association studies and physiological investigations have linked alterations in acid-base transporters to hypertension. Accordingly, Na(+)-coupled HCO(-) 3-transporters, Na(+)/H(+)-exchangers, and anion-exchangers have emerged as putative mechanistic components in blood pressure disturbances. Even though hypertension has been studied extensively over the last several decades, the cause of the high blood pressure ...
Aursulesei Viviana V 1st Department of Medical Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Grigore T. Popa, - - 2013
Resistant hypertension still represents a major health problem, incompletely resolved by the current therapeutic interventions. Based on the interference of sympathetic over activity in resistant hypertension, novel invasive strategies such as sympathetic renal denervation and carotid baroreceptor stimulation have recently emerged. Despite the promising results and their good tolerability profile, ...
Fraga-Silva Rodrigo Araujo - - 2012
It is well known that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. This is well illustrated by the great success of ACE inhibitors and angiotensin (Ang) II AT(1) blockers in the treatment of hypertension and its complications. In the past decade, the classical ...
Silverstein Deborah C - - 2012
To assess the effectiveness of fluid resuscitation for the treatment of hypotensive dogs presented to the emergency room. Retrospective study (2000-2010). University teaching hospital. Thirty-five dogs with confirmed hypotension. None. Medical records from 2000 to 2010 were searched for dogs that had documented arterial hypotension (Doppler blood pressure <90 mm ...
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