Search Results
Results 901 - 950 of 2050
< 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 >
Erni Dominique - - 2003
The aim of this study was to test whether oxygenation in acutely ischemic, collateralized tissue may be improved by normovolemic hemodilution with a solution containing liposome-encapsulated human Hb (HbV). A skin flap model in anesthetized hamsters was used, which consisted of two parts receiving either anatomic or collateral perfusion. Microhemodynamics ...
Chu K H - - 2003
The variation of activated sludge floc size with the mixing intensity of a mechanically stirred respirometer, expressed in terms of the mean energy dissipation rate, was characterized using a photometric dispersion analyzer. The floc size decreased rapidly when the energy dissipation rate was increased from 1.33 x 10(-3) to 2.68 ...
Amponin Mark Oliver - - 2003
The oxygen binding capacity of human erythrocytes in selected solutions was studied in vitro. Three treatment groups were used in the study: 0.08% iota-carrageenan solution, dextran 70, and normal saline solution (NSS). The different treatment groups were oxygenated. The percent oxygen saturation and oxygen partial pressure were determined by blood ...
Nwaigwe Casmiar I - - 2003
The study was done to assess the performance of a system that measures the partial pressures of oxygen (pO2) from the lifetimes of oxygen-quenched luminescence of ruthenium compounds immobilized at the tip of fiber-optic optodes (Oxylite system). The system was used to measure the pO2 in brain tissue (thalamus and ...
Kot Jacek - - 2003
Reactive oxygen species, including oxygen free radicals are normally generated in human cells during aerobic metabolism. Their production may increase during breathing of hyperoxic mixtures. The 'oxidative stress' has been postulated to be an important contributor to CNS oxygen toxicity. One of the highest partial pressure of oxygen used in ...
Schupp M - - 2003
A 34-yr-old male suffered multiple trauma in a road traffic accident. He required right thoracotomy and laparotomy to control exanguinating haemorrhage, and received 93 u blood and blood products. Intraoperatively, he developed severe systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) with coagulopathy and respiratory failure. At the end of the procedure, the ...
Wing Stacie L - - 2003
This study investigated the effects of 2 potentially "oxygen promoting" dietary supplements on hypoxia and oxidative stress at a simulated altitude of 4600 m. Fifteen volunteers (ages 20-33) received 3 separate 60-minute hypoxic exposures by breathing 13.6% oxygen at an ambient barometric pressure of 633 mm Hg (simulating the partial ...
Arkiliç Cem F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Wound infections are common and serious surgical complications. Wound perfusion delivers oxygen, inflammatory cells, growth factors, and cytokines to injured tissues. Hypoperfused regions experience low oxygen tensions that do not support adequate oxidative killing or wound healing. Clinicians may fail to recognize clinically important hypovolemia because hemodynamic stability and ...
Pennings Frederik A - - 2003
Brain edema and swelling often complicate surgery for brain tumors. Its pathophysiology is unclear, as is the relationship with brain tissue oxygenation. Our hypothesis was that brain edema around tumor is cytotoxic type caused by impaired local tissue oxygenation due to increased local tissue pressure. Therefore, we monitored brain tissue ...
Huang Wei-Cho - - 2003
Pressure pulsation (PP) was investigated for its effects on oxygen transfer rate (OTR) measured by sulfite oxidation. By manipulating airflow rate, 0.41- 1.2 vvm, and a control valve in a 4-L bioreactor, the frequency of PP was varied at different gas pressures3-15 psig. A mathematical model of OTR was built ...
Gnaiger Erich - - 2003
Oxygen pressure declines from normoxic air-level to the microenvironment of mitochondria where cytochrome c oxidase (COX) reduces oxygen to water at oxygen levels as low as 0.3 kPa (2 Torr; 3 microM; 1.5 % air saturation). Intracellular hypoxia is defined as (1) local oxygen pressure below normoxic reference states, or ...
Schwarz Karen A - - 2003
Although the length of a hospital stay is very limited for patients with heart failure, many patients attempt to resume some activities of daily living soon after arrival at home. Home care nurses routinely assess symptoms indicative of recurrent heart failure and the need for hospital readmission. The purpose of ...
Ohashi Toshiro - - 2003
The effects of oxygen gas tensions and hydrostatic pressure on intracellular calcium, [Ca2+]i, response to a flow stimulus in endothelial cells were investigated. Cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) were exposed to a hydrostatic pressure of 100 mmHg under low oxygen gas tensions and were subsequently subjected to a 1 ...
Huang Qiang - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical therapeutic effect of anisodamine on respiratory function after severe brain injury. METHODS: Ninety patients with respiratory dysfunction following severe brain injury were divided into two groups: a treatment group (n = 45, treated with routine therapy plus anisodamine) and a control group (n = 45, ...
Westphal Martin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a goal-directed terlipressin infusion increases mean arterial pressure without causing a pulmonary vasopressive effect and whether this response impacts on key parameters of oxygen transport in healthy and endotoxemic sheep. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective controlled trial in a university research laboratory. ANIMALS AND INTERVENTIONS: Six conscious ...
Achermann Roger - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Poor tumour oxygenation is associated with radiation resistance. The recording of pre-treatment oxygenation status has been shown to be of prognostic relevance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven dogs with spontaneously arising soft tissue sarcomas were included in this study. Oxygen partial pressure measurements (pO2) were performed with the Eppendorf method. ...
Lehtipalo S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Local effects of dopexamine on intestinal vascular tone and oxygenation were investigated during intestinal hypotension. To this end, we employed an experimental model, in which the superior mesenteric arterial pressure (PSMA) was controlled by an adjustable perivascular clamp. This approach enabled us to keep the intestinal perfusion pressure (IPP) ...
Akgül Sevim - - 2002
This study was designed to determine the effects of saline solution administered prior to endotracheal suctioning by nurses working in intensive care on oxygenation, heart rate and long-term pulmonary hygiene. The study was carried out on an experimental basis in the Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Turkey. ...
Rais-Bahrami Khodayar K Department of Neonatology, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia 20010, - - 2002
To determine whether the new double-lumen catheter made by OriGen Biomedical (Austin, TX) for venovenous (VV) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) would reduce recirculation and improve oxygenation during VV ECMO when compared with the Kendall double-lumen catheter (Kendall Healthcare Products, Mansfield, MA). Prospective intervention study. The animal research laboratory at Children's ...
Frappell Peter B - - 2002
Varanids in general exhibit greater aerobic capacities than other lizards. In a similar approach to the extensive investigations undertaken in mammals, the respiratory system in varanids is examined in terms of oxygen transfer from the air to the blood during rest and sustained locomotory activity. The parameters controlling the transfer ...
Aragon Daleen - - 2002
CONTEXT: Music has been used in the acute clinical care setting as an adjunct to current treatment modalities. Previous studies have indicated that some types of music may benefit patients by reducing pain and anxiety, and may have an effect on physiological measures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the scientific foundation for ...
Galtieri Antonio - - 2002
Sulfate transport by band-3 protein in adult human erythrocytes was shown to be modulated by oxygen pressure. In particular, a higher transport activity was measured under high oxygen pressure than at low one (0.0242+/-0.0073 vs. 0.0074+/-0.0010 min(-1)). Other factors, such as magnesium ions and orthovanadate, which can indirectly affect the ...
Chang Dong-Jang - - 2002
Using a CeO2 catalyst prepared from CeCl3.7H2O under high thermal impact, the catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) of phenol was effectively implemented. With initial phenol concentrations of between (400 and 2500) mg/L, and at a temperature of 160 degrees C, the rate of phenol conversion increased with increased catalyst loading ...
Ulmer Tobias S - - 2002
The effects of dissolved molecular oxygen upon amide proton ((1)H(N)) longitudinal and transverse relaxation rates and chemical shifts were studied for a small protein domain, the second type 2 module of fibronectin ((2)F2)-isotopically enriched to 99% (2)H, 98% (15)N. Longitudinal relaxation rate enhancements, R(O(2))((1)H(N)), of individual backbone (1)H(N) nuclei varied ...
Mynbaev Ospan A - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) pneumoperitoneum-induced changes in blood gases, acid-base balance, and oxygen homeostasis in rabbits. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: University training and teaching center. SUBJECTS: Twenty-six adult female New Zealand white rabbits. INTERVENTION: Anesthesia and pneumoperitoneum. ...
Yu C Y - - 2002
The aim was to determine the oxygen tension (P(O(2))) and rate of oxygen consumption in the pulp. Twelve rats were anaesthetised and artificially ventilated. Under an operating microscope, a recessed oxygen-sensitive microelectrode was inserted into the pulp through a small saline-covered cavity on the labial surface of the lower incisor. ...
Whiteley J P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Measures of impairment of oxygenation can be affected by the inspired oxygen fraction. METHODS: We used a mathematical model of an inhomogenous lung to predict the effect of increasing inspired oxygen concentration (FIO2) on: (1) venous admixture (Qva/Qt); (2) arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2); (3) the PaO2/FIO2 index of ...
Beppu Takaaki - - 2002
Measurement of oxygen pressure (pO2) in tumor tissue is important, because pO2 is a major factor for radiosensitivity in malignant glioma treatment. We attempted to elucidate the changes in pO2 level in glioblastoma tissue of patients under various conditions. Eighteen patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma were recruited to this study. ...
Baumgärtl Horst - - 2002
Oxygen transport within the tissue occurs by diffusion and produces an oxygen pressure field. To describe its heterogeneity histograms of local PO(2) values are used. PO(2) profiles measured with small polarographic microelectrodes demonstrate that a large heterogeneity of the amplitudes of local PO(2) changes (Delta PO(2)/distance) exists. Therefore, we investigated ...
Piri Metin - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Autodigestion and impairment of microcirculation of the pancreas play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. Somatostatin with the reducing effect on the hepato-splanchnic blood flow decreases exocrine pancreatic secretion. Microcirculatory changes are central to the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. However, little is known about the effects ...
Austan Frank - - 2002
Exhausted by persistent coughing and dyspnea, a 63-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to the emergency department. Initial treatment included oxygen and pharmacologic and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) therapy with minimal clinical improvement. In view of this situation, a gas mixture of helium-oxygen (heliox) 70%:30% was ...
Suttner Stefan W - - 2002
Increasing inspired oxygen concentrations might provide a simple and effective intervention to increase oxygen tension in tissues during controlled hypotension. To test this hypothesis, the influence of hyperoxic ventilation (100% O2) on skeletal muscle oxygen partial pressure (Ptio2) in patients receiving sodium nitroprusside-induced controlled hypotension was studied. Forty-two patients undergoing ...
Li Zheng Jian - - 2002
The goal in this study was to determine how increased impeller power affects enzyme expression in large-scale (80 m(3)), fed-batch Aspergillus oryzae fermentations. An approximate 50% increase in average impeller power was achieved by increasing impeller diameter approximately 10%, while operating at slightly reduced speed. Measured decreases in terminal (95%) ...
Lehmann Andreas - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare hemodynamics and oxygenation in patients with congestive heart failure and broad QRS complexes before and with biventricular DDD pacing and to report experience with this new procedure. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Major university-affiliated community hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ten patients with congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association ...
Kaufmann Timothy J - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous investigators have described an association between polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) use in hip arthroplasty and cardiovascular derangement. Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of PMMA injection on patient vital signs during percutaneous vertebroplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patient charts at our institution to gather blood pressure, heart ...
Tijero Teresa - - 2002
Awake craniotomy is indicated for surgical resection of tumors located near eloquent areas of the brain. The anesthetic technique is based on a combination of local anesthesia, sedation, and analgesia. Usually only clinical parameters are assessed and no other cerebral oxygenation monitoring techniques are applied. The authors report the use ...
Lee Andy P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the degree of oxygen saturation decline occurring in children during prolonged commercial air travel. METHODS: Oxygen saturation and heart rate were measured with a pulse oximeter in healthy pediatric passengers at sea level before boarding a commercial aircraft. These measurements were repeated after 3 hours and 7 ...
Patel Shwetal - - 2002
The conductance of the diffusion pathway for oxygen in pulmonary capillaries is usually described in terms of two lumped components; the membrane and erythrocyte diffusing capacities. In this study the relative importance of these two components was investigated theoretically over a wide range of alveolar oxygen partial pressures. It was ...
Haitsma Iain K - - 2002
Cerebral monitoring of patients with acute intracranial disorders generally focuses on intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure monitoring. Over the past few years, several new techniques have become available for more detailed routine monitoring of cerebral oxygenation and metabolism. Brain tissue oxygen pressure measurement is increasingly being used for evaluation ...
Schirmer Uwe - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Xenon anesthesia is known to have no adverse influence on myocardial contractility and cardiocirculatory function even in cardiac compromised patients. To make use of this advantages for cardiac surgery patients undergoing extracorporeal circulation (ECC) it must be known if oxygenators are diffusible for xenon in order to avoid losses ...
Weiskopf Richard B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Erythrocytes are transfused to improve oxygen delivery and prevent or treat inadequate oxygenation of tissues. Acute isovolemic anemia subtly slows human data processing and degrades memory, increases heart rate, and decreases self-assessed energy level. Erythrocyte transfusion is efficacious in reversing these effects of acute anemia. We tested the hypothesis ...
Pérez-Padilla Rogelio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia can adversely affect health. The present study is aimed at estimating the prevalence of altitude-related low partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood in Mexican population by means of census and geographic data. METHODS: Population, altitude, and characteristics of communities were obtained from the Mexican Institute of Statistics, ...
Yücel Kadir - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this study we investigated the effects of prostaglandin E1 on the microperfusion of the pancreas during acute necrotizing pancreatitis in rats. METHODOLOGY: Acute necrotizing pancreatitis was induced in rats by standardized intraductal bile acid infusion and cerulein hyperstimulation. Serum trypsinogen activation peptides were measured to verify comparable disease ...
Pinheiro R - - 2002
The aim of this work was to study the oxidative stress response of Kluyveromyces marxianus to hydrogen peroxide (50 mM), paraquat (1 mM), an increase in air pressure (120 kPa, 600 kPa) and pure oxygen pressure (120-600 kPa) in a pressurized bioreactor. The effect of these oxidants on metabolism and ...
Leach R M - - 2002
Early detection and correction of tissue hypoxia is essential if progressive organ dysfunction and death are to be avoided. However, hypoxia in individual tissues or organs caused by disordered regional distribution of oxygen delivery or disruption of the processes of cellular oxygen uptake and utilisation cannot be identified from global ...
Mora N - - 2002
This paper studies the copper corrosion in simulated uterine fluids in the presence of urea and/or albumin, at pH 5.0, 6.3 and 8.0, with 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20 atmospheres of oxygen pressure and without additional oxygen pressure, at 37 degrees C temperature, and for 1, 3, 7, 15, 21 and ...
Wladis Andreas - - 2002
Many cases of hypothermia (HT) occur in trauma victims subjected to soft tissue injury and hemorrhage. The aim of the present study was to study the effects of HT on the combination of these insults. A standardized gunshot wound was inflicted on the right hind leg of 14 anesthetized piglets. ...
Ilangovan Govindasamy - - 2002
A new electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry probe, based on a naphthalocyanine macrocycle, is reported to exhibit high oxygen sensitivity and favorable EPR characteristics for biological applications. The free radical probe, lithium naphthalocyanine (LiNc), is synthesized as fine microcrystalline powder with particle size less than 1 microm and high spin ...
Longhi L - - 2002
We evaluated the systemic and cerebral effects induced by an increase to 100% of the inspired oxygen fraction (FiO2) on 20 comatose patients with head injury (9 patients) and SAH (11 patients). Brain tissue oxygen tension (PtiO2) was measured through a Clark electrode inserted in penumbra-like areas. We performed 55 ...
Hong Sang-Bum - - 2002
Because perfluorocarbon (PFC) liquid contacts closely with the alveolar capillaries during partial liquid ventilation (PLV), PLV with cold PFC may be used for the induction of hypothermia. Twenty rabbits were randomized to PFC-induced hypothermia (PH) (n = 7; core temperature 35 degrees +/- 1 degrees C), surface hypothermia (SH) (n ...
< 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 >