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Schears Gregory G Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2006
To investigate the possible neuroprotective effects of selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest on brain oxygenation and metabolism in newborn piglets. Newborn piglets 2-4 days of age, anesthetized and mechanically ventilated, were used for the study. The animals were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass, cooled to 18 degrees ...
Harper S L - - 2006
The cardiovascular system performs key physiological functions even as it develops and grows. The ontogeny of cardiac physiology was studied throughout embryonic and larval development in the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii using videomicroscopic dimensional analysis. The heart begins to contract by day 13 of development (at 25 degrees C, ...
Rossetti Heloisa Baccaro - - 2006
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by arterial hypoxemia, and prone position (PP) is one possible management strategy. The objective here was to evaluate the effects of PP on oxygenation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Non-randomized, open, prospective, controlled clinical trial, in a surgical intensive care unit at ...
Freitag Marc - - 2006
AIMS: To avoid the progression from mild edematous acute pancreatitis (AP) to the severe necrotizing form, one therapeutic option is to improve pancreatic microcirculation and tissue oxygenation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of improved rheology (isovolemic hemodilution) plus enhanced oxygen supply (bovine hemoglobin HBOC-301) on ...
Jones Alan E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A non-invasive surrogate measurement for central venous oxygen saturation (ScVO2) would be useful in the ED for assessing therapeutic interventions in critically ill patients. We hypothesized that either linear or nonlinear mathematical manipulation of the partial pressure of oxygen in breath at end expiration (EtO2) would accurately predict ScVO2. ...
Yu Binglan - - 2006
There has been considerable discussions on why some types of haemoglobin-based blood substitutes increase vasoactivity whereas a very few others do not. In this study, we prepare four different types of PolyHb each containing different percentage of tetrameric hemoglobin using glutaraldehyde crosslinking and characterized to ensure that they all have ...
Lowes Tim - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The Modified Circle System was developed to reduce the amount of oxygen required for long-distance transportation of ventilated patients. Formal testing of the system has never been documented. Various aspects of the system were tested, with the study broken into four parts. METHODS: Bench testing was performed with a ...
Shibata Shigeki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Humans encounter increased partial pressures of inspired oxygen in some kinds of diving as well as during use of hyperoxic mixtures to shorten decompression times and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for decompression sickness or other clinical conditions. Although it is known that hyperoxia may affect cardiovascular regulation, such effects are ...
Martin Matthew - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of a continuous survival probability prediction using noninvasive measures of cardiac performance and tissue perfusion in severely injured pediatric patients. METHODS: Review of all patients entered into a prospective noninvasive monitoring protocol. Cardiac index (CI) was measured using a ...
Lewis Henry D - - 2005
The rate of CO oxidation has been characterized on the stepped Pt(411) surface for oxygen pressures up to 0.002 Torr, over the 100-1000 K temperature range. CO oxidation was characterized using both temperature-programmed reaction spectroscopy (TPRS) and in situ soft X-ray fluorescence yield near-edge spectroscopy (FYNES). New understanding of the ...
Hannemann Sandro - - 2005
Both laser-induced fluorescence and cavity ring-down spectral observations were made in the Schumann-Runge band system of oxygen, using a novel-type ultranarrow deep-UV pulsed laser source. From measurements on the very weak (0,0) band pressure broadening, pressure shift, and predissociation line-broadening parameters were determined for the B 3sigma(u)-, v = 0,F(i) ...
Crokart Nathalie - - 2005
PURPOSE: To characterize changes in the tumor microenvironment early after irradiation and determine the factors responsible for early reoxygenation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fibrosarcoma type II (FSaII) and hepatocarcinoma transplantable liver tumor tumor oxygenation were determined using electron paramagnetic resonance oximetry and a fiberoptic device. Perfusion was assessed by laser Doppler, ...
Haney Chad R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prepare a novel polymerized hemoglobin (Hb) based oxygen carrier (HBOC) designed to minimize Hb induced hypertension, while employing a simple and inexpensive method of preparation. Cyclic-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) was used to polymerize stroma free Hb (SF-Hb). METHODS: SF-Hb was isolated from red ...
Cooper Emma J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Fetoplacental blood vessels constrict in response to endothelin (ET-1) or reduced oxygen tension in the placental cotyledon perfused in vitro. In nonplacental resistance arteries, hypoxia and ET-1 induce constriction by promoting Ca2+ influx into smooth muscle through membrane ion channels, which include voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs). We hypothesized that ...
Fraga Adilson de Oliveira Ade - - 2005
Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) has been proposed to avoid the risks of allogenic transfusion. In reference to its cellular effects, ANH reports in the literature are scarce. Using electron microscopy (EM), we evaluated the effects of ANH on cardiac function and myocardial structure. Twenty-five dogs were prospectively randomized to a ...
Hoffman George M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome have impaired systemic oxygen delivery and also have a high risk of hypoxic ischemic brain injury with resultant neurodevelopmental impairment. We hypothesized that decreased postoperative oxygen delivery, as measured on the basis of systemic venous oxyhemoglobin saturation, would be related to persistent neurodevelopmental ...
Piel David A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cyanotic patients have potentially decreased tissue oxygen tension. Cytochrome oxidase catalyzes the reduction of oxygen and is integral to adenosine triphosphate production. Cytochrome oxidase subunit I, the active site, is encoded by mitochondrial DNA. Using a newborn swine model of chronic hypoxemia, we evaluated ventricular cytochrome oxidase subunit I ...
Maurer P - - 2006
In this study, the oxygen partial pressure in the cancellous bone substance of the mandible was measured for the first time with a polarographic fine needle probe. This has so far only been established in soft tissue. The aim was to prove and to test the feasibility in principle of ...
Buczkowski P W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The addition of helium to the inspired gas may facilitate ventilation in the presence of clinically evident upper airway obstruction. However, there are no data on the effects of using a helium-oxygen mixture during high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in upper airway obstruction. METHODS: HFJV at a frequency of ...
Senn Oliver - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a novel, combined sensor for transcutaneous monitoring of arterial oxygen saturation and carbon dioxide tension. DESIGN: The new monitoring technique was compared to established reference methods. SETTING: ICU and sleep laboratory of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Eighteen critically ill adult patients ...
Chan Colin W M - - 2005
Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors decrease hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction under hypobaric hypoxia, but are not known to affect cerebral blood flow or oxygenation. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of sildenafil on cerebral haemodynamics during acute exposure to altitude and after acclimatization. Ten subjects were studied 1 and 3 days ...
Ricci E - - 2005
The influence of oxygen on the surface tension of liquid metals is a topic of undoubted interest as the formation of oxide films, or even oxygen contamination of the metal interface, represents the main source of error in determining the surface tension. The evaluation of gas-atmosphere mass exchanges under stationary ...
Peters Grant W - - 2005
We made detailed cardiorespiratory measurements from homing pigeons during quiet rest and steady wind tunnel flight. Our pigeons satisfied their 17.4-fold increase in oxygen consumption during flight with a 7.4-fold increase in cardiac output (Q) and a 2.4-fold increase in blood oxygen extraction. Q was increased primarily by increasing heart ...
Demir Fatma - - 2005
AIM: This paper reports an experimental study to determine whether giving 100% oxygen for 1 minute before and after closed suctioning is required. BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that patients receiving closed suction do not require preoxygenation to minimize desaturation. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2002, with 30 patients receiving ...
McKinley Richard A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Failure to effectively regulate BP and cerebral perfusion during high-G aircraft maneuvering may contribute to reduced performance in pilots due to the fact that perfusion to the peripheral cerebral tissues may not be adequate to support the mental demands of flight. Therefore, a critical area of investigation is the ...
Kushi Hidehiko - - 2005
Involvement of the activation of neutrophils and vascular endothelial cells in the pathology of sepsis has recently been reported. We therefore investigated whether direct hemoperfusion (DHP) with a polymyxin B immobilized fiber column (PMX) could reduce the level of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), an index of vascular endothelial cell activation. ...
Krachman Samuel L - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Whereas both oxygen therapy and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) decrease the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in patients with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) and congestive heart failure (CHF), only nasal CPAP is known to affect the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). We therefore evaluated the effects of 1 month ...
Photiadis Joachim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Excess pulmonary to systemic blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs) correlates with hemodynamic instability and mortality after modified Norwood operation. Studies suggest that maximal oxygen delivery occurs at a Qp/Qs of around 1. The use of a rather small modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) is believed to achieve this goal. However, optimal ...
Lundgren C - - 2005
The present study tested the hypothesis that intravascular micro bubbles generated by i.v. infusion of a 2 % dodecafluoropentane (DDFP) emulsion will enhance tissue denitrogenation during oxygen breathing. Eleven spontaneously breathing pentobarbital anesthetized pigs were studied. Six pigs were treated with 0.08 ml/kg of DDFP-emulsion infused over 30 min and ...
Haskins Steve C - - 2006
The caprine oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve has not been previously defined. Blood from 10 healthy goats was equilibrated in a tonometer with calibrated gas mixtures of oxygen at concentrations of 95%, 21%, 13%, 12%, 10%, 9%, 8%, 5%, 4%, and 2.5% , 5% carbon dioxide, balance nitrogen. The pH, partial pressure ...
McNeill Elizabeth - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF) during defibrillator threshold testing of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) provokes global cerebral hypoperfusion and impaired oxygen delivery. Limited data are available on the neurophysiological effects of defibrillator threshold testing. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can noninvasively measure changes in specific chromophores, which reflect cerebral ...
Szpisjak Dale F - - 2005
Field anesthesia machines (FAM) with gas-powered ventilators have been developed for remote locations that may not have a central supply of oxygen. These ventilators may rapidly deplete oxygen cylinders, especially in patients with decreased pulmonary compliance. Our goal in this study was to determine oxygen consumption rates with a contemporary ...
Harder Yves - - 2005
In this study we sought to assess the effects of preconditioning with monophosphoryl lipid A on critically ischemic wound margins and on systemic and local hemodynamics and oxygenation during prolonged anesthesia with volatile anesthetics and narcotics. Twenty large white pigs were randomly assigned to receive either monophosphoryl lipid A 35 ...
Sonveaux Pierre - - 2005
In erythrocytes, S-nitrosohemoglobin (SNO-Hb) arises from S-nitrosylation of oxygenated hemoglobin (Hb). It has been shown that SNO-Hb behaves as a nitric oxide (NO) donor at low oxygen tensions. This property, in combination with oxygen transport capacity, suggests that SNO-Hb may have unique potential to reoxygenate hypoxic tissues. The present study ...
Thiel Manfred - - 2005
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) usually requires symptomatic supportive therapy by intubation and mechanical ventilation with the supplemental use of high oxygen concentrations. Although oxygen therapy represents a life-saving measure, the recent discovery of a critical tissue-protecting mechanism predicts that administration of oxygen to ARDS patients with uncontrolled pulmonary inflammation ...
Cogne Guillaume - - 2005
A membrane photobioreactor was designed, implemented and used to grow the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis PCC 8005 in batch mode. Growth was followed directly by monitoring optical density and indirectly by measuring pressure increase due to the oxygen produced and separated from the liquid phase by diffusion through a hydrophobic membrane, ...
Li Jia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the effects of four different CO2 tensions on systemic oxygenation, oxygen consumption, and arterial blood lactate levels early after bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Quaternary pediatric cardiac critical care unit. PATIENTS: Nine children aged 2-23 months (median, 7 months). INTERVENTIONS: All patients ...
Feldmeier J J - - 2005
A small body of literature has been published reporting the application of topical oxygen for chronic non-healing wounds . Frequently, and erroneously, this form of oxygen administration has been referred to as "topical hyperbaric oxygen therapy" or even more erroneously "hyperbaric oxygen therapy." The advocates of topical oxygen claim several ...
Gast Klaus Kurt - - 2005
The aim of this study was to validate oxygen-sensitive 3He-MRI in noninvasive determination of the regional, two- and three-dimensional distribution of oxygen partial pressure. In a gas-filled elastic silicon ventilation bag used as a lung phantom, oxygen sensitive two- and three-dimensional 3He-MRI measurements were performed at different oxygen concentrations which ...
Albano Corazon - - 2005
During the past decade, brain tissue oxygen monitoring has been studied predominantly in Europe. Cerebral oxygenation monitoring was implemented in many intensive care units and correlations of intracranial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring, fever and partial pressure of brain tissue oxygenation (Pbto2) have been described (Crit Care ...
Ludwig Horst - - 2005
The partial pressure of oxygen and other gases dissolved in water and subjected to high hydrostatic pressure is increased. Although this was established many years ago it remains a problematical phenomenon. The review deals with some of the underlying theoretical difficulties and discusses the kinetic and environmental implications of the ...
Haskins Steve - - 2005
The purpose of this project was to collate canine cardiopulmonary measurements from published and unpublished studies in our laboratory in 97 instrumented, unsedated, normovolemic dogs. Body weight; arterial and mixed-venous pH and blood gases; mean arterial, pulmonary arterial, pulmonary artery occlusion, and central venous blood pressures; cardiac output; heart rate; ...
Fylaktakidou Konstantina C - - 2005
Nine inositol tripyrophosphate (ITPP) salts have been synthesized. Their ability to act as allosteric effectors of haemoglobin (Hb) has been measured in vitro with free Hb and whole blood. All the synthesized compounds bound to free Hb and were also able to cross, to a certain extent, the plasma membrane ...
Cambier C - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of regulating factors on the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) under standard conditions and then to calculate the oxygen extraction between arterial and jugular venous blood in healthy Standardbred horses. The results were compared to those previously obtained in humans and ...
Sawatzky B J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of wheelchair tyre pressure on mechanics and energy and explore the use of heart rate as a measurement of energy expenditure. DESIGN: A single factor repeated measures design was used. Four tyre pressures (100, 75, 50, 25 psi) represented a change of workload. Each subject ...
O'Hara Julia A - - 2005
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry is a promising, relatively non-invasive method of monitoring tissue partial pressure of oxygen (PtO(2)) that has proven useful in following changes in PtO(2) under various physiologic and pathophysiologic conditions. Optimal utilization of the method will be facilitated by systematic comparisons with other available methods. Here, ...
Abramson E H - - 2005
Shear viscosities of supercritical oxygen have been measured up to a pressure of 5.7 GPa at 294 K. A modified free-volume expression fits the data within 6% between the limits of the tenuous gas and 4.8 times the critical density. Nitrogen viscosities were found to correspond to those of oxygen ...
Benjelloun Houda - - 2005
An on-line technique, based on measuring the increase in pressure due to CO(2) release in a closed air-tight reactor, was used to evaluate the fermentation of lactate by propionibacteria. The method was applied to batch cultures of Propionibacterium shermanii grown in yeast extract/sodium lactate medium containing lactate as a carbon ...
Bloomstein Theodore - - 2005
A variable-transmittance apodizing filter has been designed and demonstrated at 157 nm. The Gaussian transmission function is created by flowing oxygen gas, which is absorptive below 185 nm, between the two spherical surfaces of meniscus lenses. By varying the oxygen partial pressure, the degree of apodization can be controlled.
Mirsattari Seyed M - - 2005
Maintaining a stable physiologic state is essential when studying animal models of epilepsy with simultaneous electroencephalograph (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) or EEG and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). To achieve and maintain such stability in rats in the MRI environment, a minimally invasive but comprehensive system was developed ...
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