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Ma Xiaoxuan - - 2010
The effects of different methods for elevating the OTR (oxygen transfer rate) during foreign gene expression and the cell growth of recombinant Escherichia coli BL21 were investigated. Two strategies were introduced to control DO (dissolved oxygen) levels in the fermentation broth: (i) increasing fermentor pressure and (ii) supplying oxygen-enriched air. ...
Rajappan Mahesh - - 2010
A novel IR method for measuring the kinetics of N(2)O photodecomposition has been devised and used to calibrate the flux of Lyman-alpha (10.2 eV) radiation from a H(2)/Ar microwave discharge lamp. The photodecomposition of N(2)O occurs with a weak pressure dependence due to the operation of a wall effect consuming ...
Joynt Chloë - - 2010
BACKGROUND: After resuscitation, asphyxiated neonates often develop poor cardiac function with hypotension, pulmonary hypertension and multiorgan ischemia. In a swine model of neonatal hypoxia-reoxygenation, effects of epinephrine, dobutamine and milrinone on systemic, pulmonary and regional hemodynamics and oxygen transport were compared. DESIGN: Controlled, block-randomized study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECT: ...
Larsson Agneta - - 2010
To evaluate the possibility of using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure tissue oxygenation (StO(2)) during hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy. Nine healthy volunteers (1 female) age 25-37 years, breathed air or oxygen. Tissue oxygenation was measured using NIRS on the thumb. Subjects were blinded to breathing gas. A range of partial ...
Saied A - - 2010
A test system has been developed that can be used to calibrate and determine the time response, linearity and temperature sensitivity of a fibre optic oxygen sensor. The simple system obviates the need for precision gas standards and the requirement to generate a true square wave step response, which is ...
Cabrales Pedro P Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. - - 2010
Maintenance of postsurgical tissue oxygenation depends on the ability of the specific tissue to recruit perfusion and oxygen (O(2)) supply. When native O(2)-carrying capacity is lacking, fluids to improve O(2)-carrying capacity based in hemoglobin (Hb) could prevent partially ischemic tissue hypoxia by increasing O(2) release from the remaining red blood ...
Petermeier K - - 2010
Cataract formation is one of the most common complications after vitrectomy and cataract extraction in such cases will have to be performed under more difficult conditions. A knowledge of the different types of cataract, their frequency and causes may help to develop strategies to prevent this complication. In addition to ...
Allan Patrick F - - 2010
We present a case of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome pursuant to inhalation of a compressed gas computer keyboard cleaner. Despite the use of multimodal therapy to include empiric antibiotics, intravenous paralytics, intravenous concentrated albumin, high-dose corticosteroids as well as sustained high mean airway pressure mechanical ventilation by airway pressure ...
Naruke Takashi - - 2010
Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is widely used as temporary circulation support, there are no reports of direct parameters indicating cardiac recovery to determine the timing of weaning off. Twenty-five patients supported by ECMO due to hemodynamic deterioration were divided into 2 groups according to their outcome: weaned ECMO (W: ...
Doppelbauer Günther - - 2010
We have investigated the self-assembly scenario of patchy colloidal particles in a two-dimensional system. The energetically most favourable ordered particle arrangements have been identified via an optimization tool that is based on genetic algorithms. Assuming different simple models for patchy colloidal particles, which include binary mixtures as well as attraction ...
Sukhotinsky Inna I Department of Radiology, Stroke and Neurovascular Regulation Laboratory, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, - - 2010
Spreading depression (SD) is a slowly propagating wave of transient neuronal and glial depolarization that develops after stroke, trauma and subarachnoid hemorrhage. In compromised tissue, repetitive SD-like injury depolarizations reduce tissue viability by worsening the mismatch between blood flow and metabolism. Although the mechanism remains unknown, SDs show delayed electrophysiological ...
Maurer Walter G - - 2010
The American Society of Anesthesiologists published monitoring requirements for non-anesthesia providers performing sedation and analgesia in 2002. This manuscript covered not only the monitoring of patients under sedation and analgesia but pre-procedure evaluation and preparation, personnel availability and training, emergency equipment availability, use of supplemental oxygen, sedative-analgesic agents, and discharge ...
Negroni Jorge A JA Department of Biology, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina. - - 2010
Use of a majority of structural variables (age, sex, height) to estimate oxygen consumption in the calculation of cardiac output (CO) by the Fick principle does not account for changes in physiological conditions. To improve this limitation, oxygen consumption was estimated based on the left ventricular pressure-volume area. A pilot ...
Sawhney J P S - - 2010
Hypertension is a major public health problem and leading cause for diseases involving cardiovascular & renal system. It is fourth largest contributor for premature deaths in developed countries and seventh largest in developing world. The major pharmacological strategies currently utilized for hypertension management include volume control with diuretics, suppression of ...
Pena Fernando Lopez - - 2010
After studying the performance and characteristics of actual laminar flowmeters a new disposition for this type of sensors is proposed in such a way that the measurement errors introduced by the intrinsic nature of the device can be minimized. The preliminary study shows that the developing entry region introduces non-linearity ...
Sakaue Hirotaka - - 2010
Anodized-aluminum pressure-sensitive paint (AA-PSP) has been used as a global pressure sensor for unsteady flow measurements. We use a dipping deposition method to apply a luminophore on a porous anodized-aluminum surface, controlling the luminophore concentration of the dipping method to optimize AA-PSP characteristics. The concentration is varied from 0.001 to ...
Vanderhaegen Joke - - 2010
The cerebral tissue oxygenation index (TOI) and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) reflect the cerebral oxygenation. We studied the effect of glycaemia on the TOI and FTOE, as measured by near-infrared-spectroscopy (NIRS). We continuously measured TOI, glycaemia, mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), saturation (SaO(2)) and transcutaneous carbon dioxide pressure (tPCO(2)) ...
Floerchinger Bernhard - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an effective rescue tool to treat cardiopulmonary failure. Pumpless systems treat lung failure only; they require adequate cardiac output. METHODS: We report on 18 patients initially provided with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and then downgraded to a pumpless arteriovenous shunt with a membrane oxygenator by ...
Engström Joakim - - 2010
Endotracheal intubation in critically ill patients is associated with severe life-threatening complications in about 20%, mainly due to hypoxemia. We hypothesized that apneic oxygenation via a pharyngeal catheter during the endotracheal intubation procedure would prevent or increase the time to life-threatening hypoxemia and tested this hypothesis in an acute lung ...
Zeynalov Bakhtiyar - - 2010
This study aimed to compare gas exchange with heliox and oxygen-enriched air during piston-type high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). We hypothesized that helium gas would improve both carbon dioxide elimination and arterial oxygenation during piston-type HFOV. Five rabbits were prepared and ventilated by piston-type HFOV with carrier 50% helium/oxygen (heliox50) or ...
Fávero Fernando C - - 2010
The effect of hydrostatic pressure on the waveguiding properties of high birefringence photonic crystal fibers (HiBi PCF) is evaluated both numerically and experimentally. A fiber design presenting form birefringence induced by two enlarged holes in the innermost ring defining the fiber core is investigated. Numerical results show that modal sensitivity ...
Schreinemakers Joyce R C - - 2010
Fighter pilots may develop slowly progressive deformities of their noses during their flying careers. The spectrum of deformities that may be acquired ranges from soft tissue to osseous changes. The main cause is the varying pressure exerted by the oxygen mask on the skin and bony pyramid of the nose ...
Wang Yuehong - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Continuous monitoring of PaO(2) in seriously ill patients is an important aspect of clinical management, especially for patients with acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome. We have developed a fibreoptic sensor to detect PaO(2)in vivo based on fluorescence quenching technology. In this study we ...
Petrova Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the duration of spontaneous hypoxic episodes and variations in haemodynamic parameters on cerebral and renal tissue oxygenation (rSo(2)C and rSo(2)R) in clinically stable preterm infants. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care unit of a university-affiliated children's hospital. Patients rSo(2)C and rSo(2)R and haemodynamic ...
Martin Daniel S - - 2010
Ascent to altitude is associated with a fall in barometric pressure, and with it a decline in the partial pressure of atmospheric (and thus alveolar) oxygen. As a result, a variety of adaptive physiological processes are engaged to mitigate the fall in tissue convective oxygen delivery which might otherwise occur. ...
Fassl Jens - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Oxygen supplies capable of supporting transtracheal jet ventilators can be lifesaving. There is not much information about which oxygen sources (readily available inside and outside operating rooms) have sufficient driving pressure for transtracheal jet ventilation. METHODS: We measured driving pressures (upstream or residual oxygen pressure) in a specially designed ...
Milman Victor - - 2009
We present the results of a plane wave based density functional study of the structure and properties of tetragonal zirconia in the range of pressures from 0 to 50 GPa. We predict a transition to a fluorite-type cubic structure at 37 GPa which is likely to be of a soft mode origin ...
McClure Sean M - - 2009
Rh/SiO(2) model catalyst surfaces are prepared under ultra-high vacuum conditions and examined in situ using scanning tunneling microscope and CO infrared reflection absorption techniques, to quantify the number and kinds of active Rh surface sites available for kinetic reaction (CO oxidation) as a function of Rh particle size. The results ...
Gennser Mikael - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Escape from a disabled submarine has many inherent risks including the development of venous gas emboli (VGE). Breathing hyperoxic gas during rapid ascent from 2500 kPa (240 msw) reduces VGE; we investigated whether it would also be beneficial during an escape from 3000 kPa (290 msw), thought to be ...
Guan Yulong - - 2009
An increasing amount of evidence points to cerebral embolization during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) as the principal etiologic factor of neurologic complications. In this study, the capability of capturing and classification of gaseous emboli and pressure drop of three different membrane oxygenators (Sorin Apex, Terumo Capiox SX25, Maquet QUADROX) were measured ...
Thió M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend avoidance of excessive oxygen administration during neonatal resuscitation. Blenders are used in some but not all hospitals. It has been suggested that self-inflating bags without a reservoir deliver around 40% oxygen and could be used to provide an inexpensive and effective technique of avoiding oxygen toxicity. OBJECTIVE: ...
Linner Rickard - - 2009
We investigated return of spontaneous circulation and of cerebral oxygenation after asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest, using ventilation with air, throughout, or with 100% oxygen for a shorter or longer period. Arterial pressure, heart rate, regional cerebral oxygen saturation (CrSO2), and brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2) were measured in 1-d-old piglets that ...
Shi H - - 2009
Calcium fluoride CaF(2) has been studied by using density functional theory (DFT) with the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). Our results demonstrate that the sequence of the pressure-induced structural transition of CaF(2) is the fluorite structure ([Formula: see text]), the orthorhombic cotunnite-type structure (Pnma), and the hexagonal Ni(2)In-type structure (P6(3)/mmc). The ...
Lee Joon Hwan - - 2009
The surface morphology of Al(2)O(3)-doped ZnO (AZO, 2 wt%) thin films varies from a uniform layer to nanorod structure by simply controlling oxygen pressure during growth. All AZO films were deposited on sapphire(0001) substrates using a pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. In the low oxygen pressure regime (vacuum approximately 50 ...
Balakrishnan G - - 2009
Cerium oxide (CeO2) thin films were prepared on (100) Si and glass substrates using pulsed laser ablation at different oxygen partial pressures (2.5 x 10(-5)-3.5 x 10(-1) mbar) and at a substrate temperature of 873 K. XRD studies on the films showed that the films are polycrystalline having fluorite structure. ...
Stirban Alin - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of cutaneous wounds is one of the many applications of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO). However, the complex regulation of skin microcirculation during different phases of HBO is not completely understood. We therefore investigated skin microcirculation and oxygenation during HBO and normobaric oxygen (NBO) exposure. METHODS: Seven healthy volunteers ...
Klok C Jaco - - 2010
In Drosophila melanogaster and other insects, increases in atmospheric oxygen partial pressure (aPO(2)) tend to increase adult body size and decrease tracheal diameters and tracheolar proliferation. If changes in tracheal morphology allow for functional compensation for aPO(2), we would predict that higher aPO(2) would be associated with higher critical PO(2) ...
Pardos Patricia Cruz - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the ventilatory mode used during one-lung ventilation (OLV) and intraoperative and early postoperative arterial oxygenation in patients undergoing thoracic surgery. METHODS: A prospective, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: A tertiary care university hospital single institution. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ten ...
Horvath Robert - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Delayed sternal closure after pediatric cardiac surgery can temporarily impair cardiac output. Cerebral and somatic regional oxygen saturation measured by using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) have been used as potential surrogates of cerebral and somatic mixed venous oxygen saturation. We hypothesized that cerebral and somatic regional oxygen saturation correlate with ...
Rodriguez Fernandez J - - 2009
The magnetic properties of the antiferromagnet CeNiSnH and of the ferromagnet CeNiSnH(1.8) on hydrostatic pressure (0≤P≤10.8 bar) have been determined using a miniature piston-cylinder CuBe pressure cell. With increasing P, the Néel temperature of CeNiSnH increases weakly from 4.77 to 5.01 K whereas the Curie temperature of CeNiSnH(1.8) decreases rapidly from 7.16 ...
Bobko Andrey A AA Dorothy M. Davis Heart & Lung Research Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2009
An asymmetric derivative of the triarylmethyl radical, TAM-H, containing one aldehyde and two carboxyl groups, was synthesized. The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum of TAM-H is characterized by a doublet of narrow lines with a linewidth of 105 mG under anoxic conditions and hyperfine interaction constant of 245 mG. The ...
Yeh Steve T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent scientific evidence has demonstrated the importance of good quality chest compressions without interruption to improve cardiac arrest resuscitation rates, and suggested that a de-emphasis on minute ventilation is needed. However, independent of ventilation, the role of oxygen and the optimal oxygen concentration during CPR is not known. Previous ...
Gotshall Robert W RW Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA. - - 2009
Hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) of several types scavenge nitric oxide from the vasculature resulting in vasoconstriction and hypertension, both systemic and pulmonary. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors promote nitric oxide activity and enhance vasodilation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether combined therapy of glutaraldehyde-polymerized bovine hemoglobin (HBOC) with a ...
Gyimesi Zoltan S - - 2009
An 8-yr-old castrated male slender-tailed meerkat (Suricata suricatta) was anesthetized for physical examination and dental prophylaxis. To facilitate intubation, two short bursts of benzocaine spray were applied topically to the glottis. Shortly thereafter, the meerkat developed a muddy, blue-gray mucous membrane color and low oxygen saturation readings measured via pulse ...
Xiao H Y - - 2009
The high-pressure induced phase transformation from the zinc blende to rocksalt structure in SiC has been studied by the ab initio molecular dynamics method. The simulations showed that SiC passes through a tetragonal intermediate state before transforming to a monoclinic phase at 160 GPa. The mechanism for this phase transformation agrees ...
Mahlik S - - 2009
This paper summarizes experimental evidence of anomalous luminescence in Eu(2+)-doped fluoride crystals Ba(x)Sr(1-x)F(2) (x = 0, 0.3, 0.5 and 1). Luminescence, luminescence excitation spectra and luminescence kinetics obtained at ambient and high hydrostatic pressure at various temperatures are discussed. Hydrostatic pressure was shown to cause a redshift of normal [Formula: ...
Yu Jiangsheng J Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2009
Hyperpolarized (3)He (HP (3)He) MRI shows promise to assess structural and functional pulmonary parameters in a sensitive, regional, and noninvasive way. Structural HP (3)He MRI has applied the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for the detection of disease-induced lung microstructure changes at the alveolar level, and HP (3)He pulmonary partial pressure ...
Koley Goutam - - 2009
We demonstrate the application of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) thin films in highly sensitive pressure and oxygen sensors, designed for pressure and oxygen content measurements within the heart and blood vessels. PDMS thin film displacement as a result of pressure changes was transduced by a capacitive detection technique to produce quantitative measurement ...
Brassard P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vasopressor agents are commonly used to increase mean arterial pressure (MAP) in order to secure a pressure gradient to perfuse vital organs. The influence of norepinephrine on cerebral oxygenation is not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the infusion of norepinephrine on cerebral ...
Retuerto M - - 2009
The double perovskite Sr(2)FeMoO(6) has been prepared in polycrystalline form by high-pressure methods, starting from a precursor developed via a citrate technique, containing an elevated degree of anti-site disordering. The application of high external pressure (2 GPa) to Sr(2)FeMoO(6) promotes the long distance Fe/Mo cationic order, due to the smaller lattice ...
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