Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1879
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Shukla V K - - 2008
AIM: To identify patients at risk for developing pressure ulcer among hospitalized patients and the prevalence of pressure ulcer in this group. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A prospective study included 100 patients from medical and surgical wards. Data were collected on admission, and subjects were followed up at regular intervals. The ...
Suzuki Miwa - - 2008
Ground transport can be a stressful operation for dolphins if the long period of restraint causes damage to internal organs, especially to the lung, generated by their own weight. Buoyancy is deprived from dolphins under moist transport, in which dolphins are transported on mattresses. Upgrading mattresses is an effective way ...
Wann-Hansson C - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and identify risk factors associated with hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among adults in an acute care hospital compared with patients with pre-existing pressure ulcers present on admission. A further aim was to identify the preventive measures performed with both groups respectively. BACKGROUND: Pressure ...
Buchholz Annick - - 2008
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a selective prevention program designed to reduce pressures to be thin in sport, and to promote positive body image and eating behaviors in young female athletes. Participants were competitive female gymnasts (aged 11 to 18 years), parents, and ...
Jacobson Therese M - - 2008
Cervical collars are necessary to stabilize the cervical spine of trauma patients but are known to contribute to the development of occipital pressure ulcers. A quality improvement project that began on one nursing unit stimulated the development of evidence-based practice guidelines and a multidisciplinary research study. As a result, a ...
Teive Hélio Afonso Ghizoni - - 2008
Pressure ulcers are lesions caused by inadequate blood flow and tissue malnourishment secondary to prolonged pressure on skin, soft connective tissues, muscle and/or bones. The authors report two distinct clinical situations of severely compromised neurological patients who shared several predisposing factors for pressure ulcers, but with opposite outcomes regarding the ...
Barz Dave - - 2009
Major benefits were weighed against major costs associated with recent saltcedar control efforts along the Middle Pecos River, New Mexico. The area of study was restricted to both sides of the channel and excluded tributaries along the 370 km between Sumner and Brantley dams. Direct costs (helicopter spraying, dead tree ...
Maiorano Luigi - - 2008
One of the major threats facing protected areas (PAs) is land-use change and habitat loss. We assessed the impact of land-use change on PAs. The majority of parks have been effective at protecting the ecosystems within their borders, even in areas with significant land-use pressures. More in particular, the capacity ...
Lowry Dayv - - 2008
Development of the ability to capture prey is crucial to predator survival. Trends in food-capture performance over early ontogeny were quantified for leopard sharks Triakis semifasciata and whitespotted bamboosharks Chiloscyllium plagiosum by measuring suction pressure and flow in front of the mouth during feeding. At any size, C. plagiosum produce ...
Sosa Ivan J - - 2008
Pressure ulcers, also called decubitus ulcers, are a common challenge of humanity and are exceptionally difficult to heal. They are wounds that are initiated by relatively short periods of pressure on the skin that blocks blood circulation causing the skin and underlying tissues to die, leading to an open wound. ...
Kelly Michael D - - 2008
CONTEXT: Many techniques in Asian martial arts hand-to-hand combat systems emphasize hitting or striking specific sites on the body that correlate with exposed portions of peripheral nerves. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and clinical effects of this unique sports-related injury. METHODS: An anonymous self-administered retrospective 20-question electronic survey was posted ...
Harrison Margaret B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A number of settings in eastern Ontario, Canada, have collaborated on establishing a common pressure ulcer monitoring system. This work was undertaken in a proactive effort to implement practice guideline recommendations related to pressure ulcer prevention. The monitoring system was developed at The Ottawa Hospital (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), an ...
Konishi Chie - - 2008
This study aimed to determine the predictive accuracy and factors deteriorating blanchable erythema. A prospective cohort study was conducted in a 832-bed university hospital in Japan. Skin condition, risk factors, care plans and practices were measured everyday for 4 weeks by direct assessments and chart review by research staff. Blanchable ...
Turnage-Carrier Carol - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine interface pressure between the occiput of healthy premature infants and 5 different bed surfaces used in special care nurseries. SUBJECTS: Thirteen healthy premature infants comprised the convenience sample enrolled 1 to 3 weeks prior to discharge. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was ...
Lemaire Vincent - - 2008
Management of pressure sores still represents a major challenge in plastic surgery practice due to recurrence. The surgeon may have to face multiple or recurrent pressure ulcerations without any local flap left. In this very limited indication, free flap surgery appears to be a useful adjunct in the surgical treatment. ...
Boschin Giovanna - - 2008
The intake of lupin-based foods could imply the exposure of consumers to quinolizidine alkaloids. The objectives of this study were to assess the genetic variation among and within 11 geographic regions of Lupinus albus ecotypes, verify the quinolizidine alkaloids amount of alkaloid-poor L. albus and Lupinus angustifolius varieties, and assess ...
Strom Suzanne L - - 2008
The oceans harbor a tremendous diversity of marine microbes. Different functional groups of bacteria, archaea, and protists arise from this diversity to dominate various habitats and drive globally important biogeochemical cycles. Explanations for the distribution of microbial taxa and their associated activity often focus on resource availability and abiotic conditions. ...
Tzen, Yi-Ting
Pressure ulcers have long been an important healthcare issue in both acute and long-term care settings. Temperature is one of the extrinsic causative factors for this multi-factorial disease not yet fully explored. Previous animal studies revealed that skin cooling reduced the severity of ulceration compared to non-cooling. Cooling is also ...
Christophe G - - 2009
In life support systems, such as the MELiSSA (Micro-Ecological Life Support Alternative) project, developed by the European Space Agency, the aim is to understand and assemble artificial ecosystems for ensuring human subsistence in space. Fibrobacter succinogenes, an anaerobic bacterium, was used for the degradation of vegetable wastes produced in higher ...
Shahin Eman S M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a potential complication for intensive care patients and their prevention is a major issue in nursing care. Therefore, this study aims to assess pressure ulcer prevalence in intensive care patients, patients' characteristics and preventive measures related to pressure ulcer prevalence in intensive care patients and to ...
Stinson M D - - 2008
Pressure sores present a challenge to people with rectal and cervical cancers due to weight loss, compromised nutrition, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Affected individuals often experience intense pain on sitting, and prefer to spend the majority of their time lying down. This pilot study, employing a case study design, investigated the ...
Bus S A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Footwear and offloading techniques are commonly used in clinical practice for the prevention and treatment of foot ulcers in diabetes, but the evidence base to support this use is not well known. The goal of this review was to systematically assess the literature and to determine the available evidence ...
Demir Elif - - 2008
Delaware's Inland Bays (DIB) are subject to numerous mixed blooms of harmful raphidophytes each year, and Heterosigma akashiwo is one of the consistently occurring species. Often, Chattonella subsalsa, C. cf. verruculosa, and Fibrocapsa japonica co-occur with H. akashiwo, indicating a dynamic consortium of raphidophyte species. In this study, microzooplankton grazing ...
Tannen Antje - - 2008
AIM: This study compares pressure ulcer prevalence and prevention activities in nursing homes and hospitals within two European countries. Background. Over three years stable differences have been found between the Netherlands (NL) and Germany (GER) with higher pressure ulcer rates in the NL. As previous analyses have shown, the differences ...
Heyneman Alexander - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic literature review was to describe the current evidence in the field of pressure ulcer treatment with hydrocolloids and to give recommendations for clinical practice and further research. BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a common problem in clinical practice and generate substantial expense. A ...
Vasutová Martina - - 2008
The sections Pennatae and Spadiceae were chosen to test the agreement of current infrageneric classifications of Psathyrella (Psathyrellaceae, Agaricales) with molecular phylogenetic data and to evaluate the systematic significance of relevant morphological characters. The ITS and partial LSU regions of nu-rDNA from 53 specimens representing 34 species of Psathyrella were ...
Panossian Alexander - - 2008
Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Bail. is often referred to as an example of a medicinal plant with use in modern Chinese medicine. However, Schisandra chinensis first gained recognition as an adaptogen in the official medicine of the USSR in the early 1960s, principally as a result of the large number of ...
Garcia Aurea - - 2009
Patterns of commercial fish catches over the period from 1984 to 2006 were studied in the Loreto region and in Iquitos, which is the most important town of the region and the principal fish marketplace of the Peruvian Amazon. Despite important inter-annual variations, the overall fish landings have significantly increased ...
Gallagher Paul - - 2008
AIM: Pressure ulceration is a significant, but preventable, cause of morbidity and resource utilisation in hospital populations. Data on pressure ulcer prevalence in Ireland are limited. This study aims to determine (i) the point-prevalence of pressure ulcers in three teaching hospitals in Ireland and (ii) risk factors for their development. ...
Shahin Eman S M ES Department of Nursing Science, Centre for the Humanities and Health Sciences, Charité, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 10117 Berlin, Germany. - - 2009
Pressure ulcers are common in acute and long-term care. However, critically ill patients usually have multiple risk factors for pressure ulcers. The study was conducted to assess pressure ulcer incidence in intensive care patients, the factors related to pressure ulcer incidence and the course of pressure ulcers after the admission ...
Underwood Jared G - - 2008
Commercial and subsistence fisheries pressure is increasing in the Gulf of California, Mexico. One consequence often associated with high levels of fishing pressure is an increase in bycatch of marine mammals and birds. Fisheries bycatch has contributed to declines in several pinniped species and may be affecting the California sea ...
Gunningberg Lena - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of pressure ulcers and prevention before and after a quality improvement program; determine whether patient characteristics differed for those who did and did not develop pressure ulcers; identify pressure ulcer prevention implemented at admission and whether prevention and risk factors varied by pressure ulcer severity. ...
Doggrell Sheila A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Torcetrapib was spectacularly withdrawn in December 2006, when a Phase III clinical trial showed increased cardiovascular adverse events. OBJECTIVE: To consider possible reasons why the development of torcetrapib proceeded so far before adverse events became apparent. METHOD: Published preclinical and clinical data for torcetrapib are reviewed. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: It seems ...
Dib Mansour - - 2008
Pressure ulcers are a significant medical problem that greatly affects the geriatric population. We reviewed pertinent published data in the literature concerning the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers. The development of pressure ulcers is associated with well known risk factors including unrelieved pressure, skin maceration, shear forces, malnutrition and ...
Sjaastad O - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence of tension-type headache (T-TH) in rural Norway, and 1838 citizens aged 18-65 years were included. Features indicating neck involvement were also looked for. T-TH was compared with migraine without aura and with cervicogenic headache (CEH) considering both these features ...
Hatanaka N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Various scales have been devised to predict development of pressure ulcers on the basis of clinical and laboratory data, such as the Braden Scale (Braden score), which is used to monitor activity and skin conditions of bedridden patients. However, none of these scales facilitates clinically reliable prediction. AIMS: To ...
Misharin Alexander S - - 2008
This study presents the first practical demonstration of an operational tripole ion guide. The transmission was measured for both the tripole and quadrupole ion guides at 1 Torr pressure. It was found that the quadrupole provides 2.5-3 times better ion transmission efficiency. Two different electric schemes for driving the tripole ...
Morse Leslie R - - 2008
To assess clinical determinants of systemic inflammation in persons with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). Cross-sectional survey. Veterans Affairs medical center. As part of an epidemiologic study assessing SCI-related health conditions, 63 men with chronic SCI provided a blood sample and information regarding locomotive mode and personal habits. Not applicable. ...
Baumgarten Mona - - 2008
Little is known about the impact of extrinsic factors on pressure ulcer risk. The objective of this study was to determine whether risk of pressure ulcers early in the hospital stay is associated with extrinsic factors such as longer emergency department (ED) stays, night or weekend admission, potentially immobilizing procedures ...
Li Yong - - 2008
This study investigated the role of sludge retention time (SRT) in aerobic granulation under negligible hydraulic selection pressure. Results showed that no successful aerobic granulation was observed at the studied SRTs in the range of 3-40 days. A comparison analysis revealed that hydraulic selection pressure in terms of the minimum ...
Baldelli Perrilynn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increased pressure ulcer prevalence and incidence rates led to the development of a pressure ulcer prevention program. OBJECTIVES: To decrease pressure ulcer rates below national levels by implementing strategies to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to the Stony Brook University Medical Center (SBUMC) are assessed for placement in ...
Hirai Masafumi - - 2008
The importance of measuring interface pressure and stiffness to characterize the elastic properties of materials has been stressed with regard to elastic stockings and elastic bandages. The objective of this study was to compare the pressure profiles of nine different elastic stockings and to quantify the effects of posture changes ...
Ayello Elizabeth A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To familiarize wound care practitioners with the 5 Million Lives Campaign's pressure ulcer prevention intervention. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in wound care. OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test, the reader should be able to: 1. ...
Henning-de Jong Irmgard - - 2008
Although risk assessments on a per-chemical basis are required during the registration procedure of pesticides, cumulative risks from the use of all pesticides on the variety of crops in a catchment area of a river are not assessed. The present study aimed to rank pesticides used in outdoor agricultural practice ...
KarataƟ Gülçin Kaymak - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the center-of-pressure displacement in spinal cord-injured patients, to investigate dynamic sitting stability and its relationship with pressure ulcers. DESIGN: Sixteen spinal cord-injured patients and 18 healthy volunteers were included in the study. For the assessment of dynamic sitting stability, center-of-pressure displacement during maximum unsupported forward, backward, and ...
Paquay Louis - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pressure ulcer prevalence in home nursing patients and to evaluate guideline adherence of measures for the prevention of pressure ulcers and the participation of informal carers in pressure ulcer prevention. BACKGROUND: Since 2002, the Belgian Guideline for the Prevention of Pressure Ulcers was published ...
Müller Günter C - - 2008
The first goal of this study was to compare the degree of personal protection against biting insects provided by geraniol, linalool, and citronella candle (5%) vapors outdoors, where such products are commonly used. At a distance of 1.0 m, citronella candles reduced the number of female mosquitoes caught in Centers ...
Firbank Les G - - 2008
Agricultural intensification is best considered as the level of human appropriation of terrestrial net primary production. The global value is set to increase from 30%, increasing pressures on biodiversity. The pressures can be classified in terms of spatial scale, i.e. land cover, landscape management and crop management. Different lowland agricultural ...
Stockton Lesley - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: There are many static pressure-reducing cushions commercially available consisting of foams, gels, air or a combination of these. There is, however, little evidence available on their effectiveness to guide prescription. In practice, comfort tends to be a major factor in determining whether a pressure-reducing cushion will continue to be ...
Nthumba, P.M.
Background: Pressure ulcer management is difficult for the patient, relatives, doctor, and nursing staff and requires enormous resources. Management of multiple pressure ulcers in the spinal cord injured patient is a near-impossible task, especially in resource-deprived environments. The paraplegic, with multiple pressure ulcers, will frequently be managed under palliative care ...
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