Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1861
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Kröger Knut - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Using the National Statistics ('DRG-Statistik') published by the Federal Statistical Office, we analyzed prevalences of pressure ulcers coded as principal or as additional diagnosis separately and describe differences in ulcer characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Age-adjusted prevalence and tables for gender and age distribution of pressure ulcers separately for the ...
Lee Ju Hyung - - 2009
A growing body of evidence suggests that the costs and benefits involved in cleaning interactions can vary over space and time depending on the environmental conditions. However, whether the same cleaners actually induce variable net outcomes in terms of host fitness remains unclear to date. Branchiobdellid annelids are generally regarded ...
Call Douglas R - - 2008
Observational studies of cattle production systems usually find that cattle from conventional dairies harbor a higher prevalence of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) enteric bacteria compared to organic dairies or beef-cow operations; given that dairies usually use more antimicrobials, this result is not unexpected. Experimental studies have usually verified that application of ...
Bolton Laura - - 2008
Healthcare professionals need evidence-based strategies and guidelines for care to optimize pressure ulcer prevention and management. Differences among pressure ulcer guidelines confuse caregivers, reducing consistency of care. To assess the need for a comprehensive content-validated guideline document, the Association for the Advancement of Wound Care Guideline Subcommittee evaluated current pressure ...
Krapfl Lee Ann - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prolonged exposure to pressure is the primary etiologic factor of a pressure ulcer (PU) and effective preventive interventions must avoid or minimize this exposure. Therefore, frequent repositioning of the patient has long been recommended as a means of preventing PU. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence on the efficacy of ...
Takahashi Paul Y - - 2008
Patients face the unwelcome diagnosis of pressure ulcers in hospitals and nursing homes around the world. Health care providers impart advice not only about treatment but also about prognosis and expectations. Accurate and informative prognosis at the initial consultation provides a framework for realistic patient expectations about wound healing and ...
Cornelissen Lisette H - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pressure ulcers are areas of soft tissue breakdown, resulting from sustained mechanical loading of the skin and underlying tissues. Measuring biochemical markers that are released upon mechanical loading by the epidermis seems a promising method for objective risk assessment of the development of pressure ulcers. This risk assessment method ...
Heyman H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an oral nutritional supplement (ONS) plus standard care on the healing of pressure ulcers in long-term nursing home residents in addition to standard care. The ONS (Cubitan, Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition) was high in energy and protein, and enriched with arginine, vitamin C and ...
Altun Ali Ozhan - - 2008
Patterning flexible substrates in nano scale is an important and challenging issue in the fabrication of next-generation devices based on a non-silicon substrate. Step and Flash imprint lithography (S-FIL) which is a room temperature and low pressure process offers several important advantages, such as the use of a smaller and ...
Buck Donald W DW - - 2009
PURPOSE: Pressure sores are a significant source of physical and financial burden for debilitated patients. When conservative measures fail, surgical reconstruction with myocutaneous flaps may be the last hope for cure and/or improved quality of life in these patients. Adequate haemostasis is an integral component of these reconstructive procedures, as ...
Harrow Jeffrey J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Several of the casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom arriving at one Veterans Administration (VA) polytrauma rehabilitation center (PRC) were noted to have occipital pressure ulcers or hair loss. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of pressure-related injuries in VA PRC admissions. METHODS: A ...
Nahas Richard - - 2008
ABSTRACTOBJECTIVETo review the evidence supporting complementary and alternative medicine approaches used in the treatment of hypertension.QUALITY OF EVIDENCEMEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from January 1966 to May 2008 combining the key words hypertension or blood pressure with acupuncture, chocolate, cocoa, coenzyme Q10, ubiquinone, melatonin, vitamin D, meditation, and stress reduction. ...
Fowler Evonne - - 2008
Heels are the second most common anatomical location for pressure ulcers. A combination of risk factors, including pressure, may cause ulceration. Heel pressure ulcers are a particular concern for surgical patients. A review of the literature, including poster presentations, shows that controlled clinical studies to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness ...
Denissen Jaap J A - - 2008
The present study examines the effects of six weather parameters (temperature, wind power, sunlight, precipitation, air pressure, and photoperiod) on mood (positive affect, negative affect, and tiredness). Data were gathered from an online diary study (N = 1,233), linked to weather station data, and analyzed by means of multilevel analysis. ...
Compton F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate objective parameters and subjective nursing assessment as pressure ulcer risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and compared them with the performance of a general assessment tool (Waterlow scale). To validate the newly developed assessment method. METHOD: This prospective epidemiological study involved 698 patients admitted to ...
Emi Yayoi - - 2008
AIM: Female-to-male (FTM) transsexuals are treated with long-term and high-dose androgen. Although androgen is known to affect the cardiovascular system, vascular function in FTM transsexuals has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the arterial stiffness in FTM transsexuals treated with androgen. METHODS: We evaluated ...
Hughes Craig D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to define the casualty rates and anatomical distribution of injuries associated with military static line parachute (MSLP) descents conducted by an Australian Army Commando Battalion. This study was conducted to identify the strategies to reduce the injury burden related to MSLP activities. METHOD: ...
Gefen Amit - - 2008
Severe pressure ulcers and deep tissue injury are associated with higher mortality rates, longer hospital stays, and costly treatment. Time is a critical factor in commonly employed measures (eg, pressure redistribution for wheelchair users and patient turning schedules) to prevent pressure ulcers and deep tissue injury. Surprisingly, information regarding the ...
Yohannes Elizabeth - - 2008
It is widely accepted that animal distribution and migration strategy might have co-evolved in relation to selection pressures exerted by parasites. Here, we first determined the prevalence and types of malaria blood parasites in a breeding population of great reed warblers Acrocephalus arundinaceus using PCR. Secondly, we tested for differences ...
Smith Bridget M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient risk factors for pressure ulcers in a sample of veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders. DESIGN: A survey incorporating questions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was mailed to individuals with spinal cord injuries and disorders in 2003. ...
van Londen Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of surface electric stimulation of the gluteal muscles on the interface pressure in seated persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: One session in which alternating and simultaneous surface electric stimulation protocols were applied in random order. SETTING: Research laboratory of a rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen ...
Barrois B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain pressure ulcer prevalence rate in French hospitals. METHOD: In 2004, a cross-sectional study was conducted in all French hospitals, except university hospitals. The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) staging was used. Data were collected using two self-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of 37,307 inpatients in 1170 ...
Nguyen P K T - - 2008
The literature from 1942-2005 was reviewed in order to determine an inexpensive animal model which can closely mimic pressure ulcers seen in humans of varying ages, without the need for surgical procedures. Two animal models for producing pressure ulcers were found to be inexpensive: pigs to mimic pressure ulcers in ...
Andersen Ellen Sloth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are globally of major concern and there is need for research in the pathogenesis for early intervention. Early studies have suggested existence of a hypo-echogenic subepidermal layer at the location of pressure ulcers, visualized by ultrasound scans. As a continuation, we here report on usability of four ...
Rintala Diana H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that enhanced education and structured follow-up after pressure ulcer surgery will result in fewer recurrences. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine veteran men with spinal cord injury or dysfunction were approached on admission for pressure ulcer surgery. Five never had ...
Gunningberg L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy in recording of pressure-ulcer prevalence and prevention before and after implementing an electronic health record (EHR) with templates for pressure-ulcer assessment. METHODS: All inpatients at the departments of surgery, medicine and geriatrics were inspected for the presence of pressure ulcers, according to the European Pressure ...
Ustuner E Tuncay - - 2008
Available theories on the etiology and pathogenesis of male pattern baldness have not been satisfactory. Nonetheless, the most widely adopted theory today is the androgenetic theory. The current article introduces a new theory. According to the new theory the pressure created by the weight of the scalp is the cause ...
Qu Yuan-Yuan - - 2009
The performances and microbial population changes in laboratory-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) augmented with Sphingomonas xenophaga QYY were investigated in the present study. It was demonstrated that after 30 days acclimation, the non-augmented MBR system were able to degrade bromoamine acid (BAA) well. However, the efficiency of the system decreased with ...
Vangilder Catherine - - 2008
To assess the relationships among pressure ulcer prevalence, body mass index (BMI), and weight, this report analyzed the US data from the 2006 and 2007 International Pressure Ulcer Prevalencetrade mark Surveys. Findings indicated an overall reduction in pressure ulcer prevalence from 2004 and 2005 to 2006 and 2007; there was ...
Kurz Werner A - - 2008
To understand how boreal forest carbon (C) dynamics might respond to anticipated climatic changes, we must consider two important processes. First, projected climatic changes are expected to increase the frequency of fire and other natural disturbances that would change the forest age-class structure and reduce forest C stocks at the ...
Lee Su-Shin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate seating has been implicated as a major contributing factor in ischial pressure-sore recurrence. During their lifetime, paraplegic patients may require several flaps for closure of the same or some other adjacent pressure sore. Despite a wide variety of flap reconstruction options being described, the ischium remains the most ...
Derby Richard - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a patient's presenting psychometric scores affect the findings of a pressure and injection speed-controlled manometric lumbar diskography in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: A prospective, correlation-based, investigative study. SETTING: Free-standing ambulatory spine surgery center. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred sixty-three disks from 81 patients (54 ...
Elliott Rosalind - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients are at increased risk for pressure ulcers, which increase patients' morbidity and mortality. Quality improvement projects decrease the frequency of pressure ulcers. OBJECTIVES: To improve patients' outcomes by reducing the prevalence of pressure ulcers, identifying areas for improvement in prevention of pressure ulcers, and increasing the ...
Shukla V K - - 2008
AIM: To identify patients at risk for developing pressure ulcer among hospitalized patients and the prevalence of pressure ulcer in this group. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A prospective study included 100 patients from medical and surgical wards. Data were collected on admission, and subjects were followed up at regular intervals. The ...
Suzuki Miwa - - 2008
Ground transport can be a stressful operation for dolphins if the long period of restraint causes damage to internal organs, especially to the lung, generated by their own weight. Buoyancy is deprived from dolphins under moist transport, in which dolphins are transported on mattresses. Upgrading mattresses is an effective way ...
Wann-Hansson C - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and identify risk factors associated with hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among adults in an acute care hospital compared with patients with pre-existing pressure ulcers present on admission. A further aim was to identify the preventive measures performed with both groups respectively. BACKGROUND: Pressure ...
Buchholz Annick - - 2008
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a selective prevention program designed to reduce pressures to be thin in sport, and to promote positive body image and eating behaviors in young female athletes. Participants were competitive female gymnasts (aged 11 to 18 years), parents, and ...
Jacobson Therese M - - 2008
Cervical collars are necessary to stabilize the cervical spine of trauma patients but are known to contribute to the development of occipital pressure ulcers. A quality improvement project that began on one nursing unit stimulated the development of evidence-based practice guidelines and a multidisciplinary research study. As a result, a ...
Teive Hélio Afonso Ghizoni - - 2008
Pressure ulcers are lesions caused by inadequate blood flow and tissue malnourishment secondary to prolonged pressure on skin, soft connective tissues, muscle and/or bones. The authors report two distinct clinical situations of severely compromised neurological patients who shared several predisposing factors for pressure ulcers, but with opposite outcomes regarding the ...
Barz Dave - - 2009
Major benefits were weighed against major costs associated with recent saltcedar control efforts along the Middle Pecos River, New Mexico. The area of study was restricted to both sides of the channel and excluded tributaries along the 370 km between Sumner and Brantley dams. Direct costs (helicopter spraying, dead tree ...
Maiorano Luigi - - 2008
One of the major threats facing protected areas (PAs) is land-use change and habitat loss. We assessed the impact of land-use change on PAs. The majority of parks have been effective at protecting the ecosystems within their borders, even in areas with significant land-use pressures. More in particular, the capacity ...
Lowry Dayv - - 2008
Development of the ability to capture prey is crucial to predator survival. Trends in food-capture performance over early ontogeny were quantified for leopard sharks Triakis semifasciata and whitespotted bamboosharks Chiloscyllium plagiosum by measuring suction pressure and flow in front of the mouth during feeding. At any size, C. plagiosum produce ...
Sosa Ivan J - - 2008
Pressure ulcers, also called decubitus ulcers, are a common challenge of humanity and are exceptionally difficult to heal. They are wounds that are initiated by relatively short periods of pressure on the skin that blocks blood circulation causing the skin and underlying tissues to die, leading to an open wound. ...
Kelly Michael D - - 2008
CONTEXT: Many techniques in Asian martial arts hand-to-hand combat systems emphasize hitting or striking specific sites on the body that correlate with exposed portions of peripheral nerves. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and clinical effects of this unique sports-related injury. METHODS: An anonymous self-administered retrospective 20-question electronic survey was posted ...
Harrison Margaret B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A number of settings in eastern Ontario, Canada, have collaborated on establishing a common pressure ulcer monitoring system. This work was undertaken in a proactive effort to implement practice guideline recommendations related to pressure ulcer prevention. The monitoring system was developed at The Ottawa Hospital (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), an ...
Konishi Chie - - 2008
This study aimed to determine the predictive accuracy and factors deteriorating blanchable erythema. A prospective cohort study was conducted in a 832-bed university hospital in Japan. Skin condition, risk factors, care plans and practices were measured everyday for 4 weeks by direct assessments and chart review by research staff. Blanchable ...
Turnage-Carrier Carol - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine interface pressure between the occiput of healthy premature infants and 5 different bed surfaces used in special care nurseries. SUBJECTS: Thirteen healthy premature infants comprised the convenience sample enrolled 1 to 3 weeks prior to discharge. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was ...
Lemaire Vincent - - 2008
Management of pressure sores still represents a major challenge in plastic surgery practice due to recurrence. The surgeon may have to face multiple or recurrent pressure ulcerations without any local flap left. In this very limited indication, free flap surgery appears to be a useful adjunct in the surgical treatment. ...
Boschin Giovanna - - 2008
The intake of lupin-based foods could imply the exposure of consumers to quinolizidine alkaloids. The objectives of this study were to assess the genetic variation among and within 11 geographic regions of Lupinus albus ecotypes, verify the quinolizidine alkaloids amount of alkaloid-poor L. albus and Lupinus angustifolius varieties, and assess ...
Strom Suzanne L - - 2008
The oceans harbor a tremendous diversity of marine microbes. Different functional groups of bacteria, archaea, and protists arise from this diversity to dominate various habitats and drive globally important biogeochemical cycles. Explanations for the distribution of microbial taxa and their associated activity often focus on resource availability and abiotic conditions. ...
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