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Results 251 - 300 of 1887
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Dunn, RN; ;
Summary. Pressure sores are a predictable consequence of poorly managed spinal cord-injured patients. Not only do pressure sores contribute to the morbidity, but also add significantly to the medical/nursing management, cost and admission stay, limiting optimal bed utilisation. This intervention study assesses the impact of active intervention in terms of ...
Chiron François - - 2009
Both human-related and natural factors can affect the establishment and distribution of exotic species. Understanding the relative role of the different factors has important scientific and applied implications. Here, we examined the relative effect of human-related and natural factors in determining the richness of exotic bird species established across Europe. ...
Jandali Shareef - - 2009
Multiple large decubitus ulcers present a reconstructive challenge to the plastic surgeon. When stage IV pressure sores become recurrent or extensive, traditional flaps either have already been exhausted or would not be sufficient to cover the defect. A retrospective review was performed on all paraplegic patients who had chronic, extensive, ...
Reenalda Jasper - - 2009
Pressure ulcers are a large problem in subjects who use a wheelchair for their mobility. These ulcers originate beneath the bony prominences of the pelvis and progress outward as a consequence of prolonged pressure. Interface pressure is used clinically to predict and prevent pressure ulcers. However, the relation between interface ...
Thorfinn Johan - - 2009
A better understanding of how pressure ulcers develop in the buttocks will improve prophylactic measures. Our aim was to investigate signs of reduced perfusion and ischaemia in the subcutaneous fat in the buttocks during sitting. A microelectrode was used to quantify oxygen (pO(2)). Metabolites that indicate aerobic or anaerobic metabolism ...
Reenalda Jasper - - 2009
Pressure ulcers are a large problem in individuals who use a wheelchair for their mobility and have limited trunk stability and motor function. Because no relation between interface pressure and pressure ulcer development has been established and no clinical threshold for pressure ulcer development can be given, looking at the ...
Nonnemacher Michael - - 2009
AIMS: The purpose of this study was: (1) to determine the combination of risk factors which best predicts the risk of developing pressure ulcers among inpatients in an acute care university hospital; (2) to determine the appropriate weight for each risk factor; and (3) to derive a concise and easy-to-use ...
Maslauskas Kestutis - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate morphological characteristics of pressure ulcers, methods of surgical treatment and its effectiveness in the Clinic of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective data analysis of 139 patients with pressure ulcers treated in the ...
Hill Michelle L - - 2009
The reliability and validity of assessments and diagnoses made via home telehealth was measured in 42 patients with spinal cord injury. Two telehealth modalities were investigated: telephone-only contact and videoconferencing. The results were compared with a reference (gold-standard) method, the in-person assessment and diagnosis of skin integrity and pressure ulcers. ...
Mehrotra Sandeep - - 2009
Pressure sores are increasing in frequency commensurate with an ageing population with multi-system disorders and trauma. Numerous classic options are described for providing stable wound cover. With the burgeoning knowledge on perforator anatomy, recent approaches focus on the use of perforator-based flaps in bedsore surgery. A giant neglected trochanteric pressure ...
Stausberg Jürgen - - 2009
Different classifications of pressure ulcer are in use making national and international studies on epidemiological issues as well as on effects of prophylactical and therapeutical interventions difficult. A systematic literature search identified 31 pressure ulcer classifications. Thirteen could be retrieved and were further analyzed. Six variants of the International Classification ...
Chenu Olivier - - 2009
Pressure sores are localized injuries to the skin and underlying tissues and are mainly resulting from overpressure. Paraplegic peoples are particularly subjects to pressure sores because of long-time seated postures and sensory deprivation at the lower limbs. Here we report outcomes of a feasibility trial involving a biofeedback system aimed ...
Moore Zena Eh - - 2009
Pressure, from lying or sitting on a particular part of the body, results in oxygen deprivation to the affected area. If a patient with an existing pressure ulcer continues to lie or bear weight on the affected area, the tissues become depleted of blood flow and there is no oxygen ...
Heyneman Alexander A Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. - - 2009
The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of two cushions in the prevention of heel pressure ulcers in a geriatric population. Heel pressure ulcers are a major problem in nursing practice. Several measures for the prevention of heel pressure ulcers are discussed in the literature, but the ...
Yip Marcus M Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. - - 2009
Pressure ulcers are painful sores that arise from prolonged exposure to high pressure points, which restricts blood flow and leads to tissue necrosis. This is a common occurrence among patients with impaired mobility, diabetics and the elderly. In this work, a flexible pressure monitoring system for pressure ulcer prevention has ...
Vowden Kathryn R - - 2009
The prevalence of pressure ulceration within the population receiving health care in Bradford, UK was 0.74 people with a pressure ulcer per 1000 population (95% CI 0.6-0.8). This prevalence includes a number of tertiary referrals and if these are removed the prevalence falls to 0.71 people with a pressure ulcer ...
Grisell Margaret - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective, randomized study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to compare the tissue-pillow interface pressures at the forehead and chin in patients positioned in the prone fashion for spinal surgery on each of 3 facial positioners. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Facial pressure ulcers have been infrequently observed ...
Nijs Nele - - 2009
AIMS: To determine the incidence of pressure ulcers occurring at least 48 hours after admission and risk factors for pressure ulcers grade 2-4 in a long-stay surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) population. BACKGROUND: The incidence of pressure ulcers in intensive care units is larger than in non-intensive environments. DESIGN: Prospective ...
Terekeci Hakan - - 2009
In this research, we studied the incidence of pressure ulcer and risk factors and screening of the patients for pressure ulcers at intensive care unit on the first day of admission in 142 patients. All patients were evaluated according to National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel during the ICU period strictly. ...
Engel Michael S - - 2009
A giant termite is described and figured from the Late Miocene of the Styrian Basin in southeastern Austria. Gyatermes styriensis gen. n. et sp. n. is represented by a relatively complete forewing, with basal scale. The fossil approximates in size the largest of all termites today and is the largest ...
Lopez y Royo Cecilia - - 2009
The assessment of human-induced pressures on the coastal area is essential to target management plans effectively, and moreover is required by the EU Water Framework Directive. A simple and cost-effective assessment of human-induced pressures on the coastal zone is applied using two methodologies: a qualitative visual assessment which uses satellite ...
Durović Aleksandar - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Neglecting polarized light as an adjuvant therapy for pressure ulcers and methodology distinctions in the trials engaging polarized light are the reasons for many dilemmas and contradictions. The aim of this study was to establish the effects of polarized light therapy in pressure ulcer healing. METHODS: This prospective randomized ...
Medrano Sarah - - 2008
As of October 1, 2008, prompt identification and accurate staging of pressure ulcers present on admission to acute care hospitals became essential for Medicare reimbursement. In short, Medicare will no longer cover the added costs associated with care of Stage III and Stage IV pressure ulcers not present on admission; ...
Akbar W - - 2008
Varying susceptibility to tebufenozide was recorded in the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (F.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), collected from Louisiana sugarcane locations with different selection pressures. Results from diet incorporation bioassays with tebufenozide indicated significant increases in LC50 (3.78-fold) and LC90 (7-fold) values for a colony from Duson (DU), an area with ...
Piscart Christophe - - 2009
In developed countries, changes in agriculture practices have greatly accelerated the degradation of the landscape and the functioning of adjacent aquatic ecosystems. Such alteration can in turn impair the services provided by aquatic ecosystems, namely the decomposition of organic matter, a key process in most small streams. To study this ...
Kröger Knut - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Using the National Statistics ('DRG-Statistik') published by the Federal Statistical Office, we analyzed prevalences of pressure ulcers coded as principal or as additional diagnosis separately and describe differences in ulcer characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Age-adjusted prevalence and tables for gender and age distribution of pressure ulcers separately for the ...
Lee Ju Hyung - - 2009
A growing body of evidence suggests that the costs and benefits involved in cleaning interactions can vary over space and time depending on the environmental conditions. However, whether the same cleaners actually induce variable net outcomes in terms of host fitness remains unclear to date. Branchiobdellid annelids are generally regarded ...
Call Douglas R - - 2008
Observational studies of cattle production systems usually find that cattle from conventional dairies harbor a higher prevalence of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) enteric bacteria compared to organic dairies or beef-cow operations; given that dairies usually use more antimicrobials, this result is not unexpected. Experimental studies have usually verified that application of ...
Bolton Laura - - 2008
Healthcare professionals need evidence-based strategies and guidelines for care to optimize pressure ulcer prevention and management. Differences among pressure ulcer guidelines confuse caregivers, reducing consistency of care. To assess the need for a comprehensive content-validated guideline document, the Association for the Advancement of Wound Care Guideline Subcommittee evaluated current pressure ...
Krapfl Lee Ann - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prolonged exposure to pressure is the primary etiologic factor of a pressure ulcer (PU) and effective preventive interventions must avoid or minimize this exposure. Therefore, frequent repositioning of the patient has long been recommended as a means of preventing PU. OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence on the efficacy of ...
Takahashi Paul Y - - 2008
Patients face the unwelcome diagnosis of pressure ulcers in hospitals and nursing homes around the world. Health care providers impart advice not only about treatment but also about prognosis and expectations. Accurate and informative prognosis at the initial consultation provides a framework for realistic patient expectations about wound healing and ...
Cornelissen Lisette H - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pressure ulcers are areas of soft tissue breakdown, resulting from sustained mechanical loading of the skin and underlying tissues. Measuring biochemical markers that are released upon mechanical loading by the epidermis seems a promising method for objective risk assessment of the development of pressure ulcers. This risk assessment method ...
Heyman H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an oral nutritional supplement (ONS) plus standard care on the healing of pressure ulcers in long-term nursing home residents in addition to standard care. The ONS (Cubitan, Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition) was high in energy and protein, and enriched with arginine, vitamin C and ...
Altun Ali Ozhan - - 2008
Patterning flexible substrates in nano scale is an important and challenging issue in the fabrication of next-generation devices based on a non-silicon substrate. Step and Flash imprint lithography (S-FIL) which is a room temperature and low pressure process offers several important advantages, such as the use of a smaller and ...
Buck Donald W DW - - 2009
PURPOSE: Pressure sores are a significant source of physical and financial burden for debilitated patients. When conservative measures fail, surgical reconstruction with myocutaneous flaps may be the last hope for cure and/or improved quality of life in these patients. Adequate haemostasis is an integral component of these reconstructive procedures, as ...
Harrow Jeffrey J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Several of the casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom arriving at one Veterans Administration (VA) polytrauma rehabilitation center (PRC) were noted to have occipital pressure ulcers or hair loss. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of pressure-related injuries in VA PRC admissions. METHODS: A ...
Nahas Richard - - 2008
ABSTRACTOBJECTIVETo review the evidence supporting complementary and alternative medicine approaches used in the treatment of hypertension.QUALITY OF EVIDENCEMEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from January 1966 to May 2008 combining the key words hypertension or blood pressure with acupuncture, chocolate, cocoa, coenzyme Q10, ubiquinone, melatonin, vitamin D, meditation, and stress reduction. ...
Fowler Evonne - - 2008
Heels are the second most common anatomical location for pressure ulcers. A combination of risk factors, including pressure, may cause ulceration. Heel pressure ulcers are a particular concern for surgical patients. A review of the literature, including poster presentations, shows that controlled clinical studies to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness ...
Denissen Jaap J A - - 2008
The present study examines the effects of six weather parameters (temperature, wind power, sunlight, precipitation, air pressure, and photoperiod) on mood (positive affect, negative affect, and tiredness). Data were gathered from an online diary study (N = 1,233), linked to weather station data, and analyzed by means of multilevel analysis. ...
Compton F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate objective parameters and subjective nursing assessment as pressure ulcer risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and compared them with the performance of a general assessment tool (Waterlow scale). To validate the newly developed assessment method. METHOD: This prospective epidemiological study involved 698 patients admitted to ...
Emi Yayoi - - 2008
AIM: Female-to-male (FTM) transsexuals are treated with long-term and high-dose androgen. Although androgen is known to affect the cardiovascular system, vascular function in FTM transsexuals has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the arterial stiffness in FTM transsexuals treated with androgen. METHODS: We evaluated ...
Hughes Craig D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to define the casualty rates and anatomical distribution of injuries associated with military static line parachute (MSLP) descents conducted by an Australian Army Commando Battalion. This study was conducted to identify the strategies to reduce the injury burden related to MSLP activities. METHOD: ...
Gefen Amit - - 2008
Severe pressure ulcers and deep tissue injury are associated with higher mortality rates, longer hospital stays, and costly treatment. Time is a critical factor in commonly employed measures (eg, pressure redistribution for wheelchair users and patient turning schedules) to prevent pressure ulcers and deep tissue injury. Surprisingly, information regarding the ...
Yohannes Elizabeth - - 2008
It is widely accepted that animal distribution and migration strategy might have co-evolved in relation to selection pressures exerted by parasites. Here, we first determined the prevalence and types of malaria blood parasites in a breeding population of great reed warblers Acrocephalus arundinaceus using PCR. Secondly, we tested for differences ...
Smith Bridget M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient risk factors for pressure ulcers in a sample of veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders. DESIGN: A survey incorporating questions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was mailed to individuals with spinal cord injuries and disorders in 2003. ...
van Londen Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of surface electric stimulation of the gluteal muscles on the interface pressure in seated persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: One session in which alternating and simultaneous surface electric stimulation protocols were applied in random order. SETTING: Research laboratory of a rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen ...
Barrois B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain pressure ulcer prevalence rate in French hospitals. METHOD: In 2004, a cross-sectional study was conducted in all French hospitals, except university hospitals. The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) staging was used. Data were collected using two self-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of 37,307 inpatients in 1170 ...
Nguyen P K T - - 2008
The literature from 1942-2005 was reviewed in order to determine an inexpensive animal model which can closely mimic pressure ulcers seen in humans of varying ages, without the need for surgical procedures. Two animal models for producing pressure ulcers were found to be inexpensive: pigs to mimic pressure ulcers in ...
Andersen Ellen Sloth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are globally of major concern and there is need for research in the pathogenesis for early intervention. Early studies have suggested existence of a hypo-echogenic subepidermal layer at the location of pressure ulcers, visualized by ultrasound scans. As a continuation, we here report on usability of four ...
Rintala Diana H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that enhanced education and structured follow-up after pressure ulcer surgery will result in fewer recurrences. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine veteran men with spinal cord injury or dysfunction were approached on admission for pressure ulcer surgery. Five never had ...
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