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Walker Sewill Danielle K - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to provide education to the RN regarding pressure ulcer prevention and best practice interventions. This investigation focuses on the definition of a pressure ulcer, risk factors for pressure ulcers, and the benefits and importance of using unlicensed assistive personnel to help prevent pressure ulcers. ...
Brem Harold - - 2010
The aim of this study was to calculate and analyze the cost of treatment for stage IV pressure ulcers. A retrospective chart analysis of patients with stage IV pressure ulcers was conducted. Hospital records and treatment outcomes of these patients were followed up for a maximum of 29 months and ...
Tubaishat Ahmad - - 2011
Pressure ulcers are a common problem among hospitalised patients. Several prevalence studies have been conducted internationally but there is a paucity of research on pressure ulcer in the Arab world in general and in Jordan specifically. The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence rate of pressure ulcers ...
Lahmann Nils A - - 2011
Aims  Among various risk assessment scales for the development of pressure ulcers in long-term care residents that have been published in the last three decades, the Braden scale is among the most tested and applied tools. The sum score of the scale implies that all items are equally important. The ...
Remaley D Trey - - 2010
Pressure ulcers can be a devastating complication in the care of orthopaedic patients. Their presence leads to increased morbidity, mortality, and cost of care. Therapy and rehabilitation cannot progress on a normal postoperative course in the patient with a pressure ulcer. Risk factors for the development of pressure ulcers include ...
Connor Tom - - 2010
This study examined variables predictive of pressure ulcers among patients undergoing urologic surgical procedures. Anesthesia duration and total time of the diastolic blood pressure was less than 50 Hgmm were statistically significant predictors. Dynamic pressure-relieving devices are recommended to reduce incidences of pressure ulcer incidence.
Taniguchi Shigeru - - 2010
In this paper we predict and simulate a peculiar type of compressive shock in a real gas modeled by the van der Waals constitutive equation. This shock produces a phase transition from the gas to the liquid phase and, under some special circumstances, back to the gas phase. This shock ...
Campbell Caren - - 2010
Defining the decubitus ulcer proves as difficult as agreeing on a name for the condition. Causes include pressure over bony prominences, shearing force, destruction of skin, and compromised blood flow. Evidence is emerging of the importance of ischemia as a primary causative agent, rather than pressure, which needs further investigation. ...
Roosen Kerri - - 2010
To prevent pressure injuries research indicates the importance of focusing on three key areas of practice: continence, skin hygiene and nutrition. These are a synergistic trio and many patients require considered management in all three areas. In addition to targeting specific aspects of nursing care in these areas, it is ...
Cox Jill - - 2011
To determine whether there was a difference in retention of knowledge about pressure ulcers with a traditional lecture versus computer-based instruction. A quasi-experimental, pretest/posttest design was used. Medical-surgical and critical care nurses (N = 60) were randomly assigned to a lecture, to computer-based instruction, or to a control group. Study ...
Kottner Jan - - 2010
Published pressure ulcer incidence and prevalence figures in the paediatric population vary widely. The frequency of pressure ulcers in the German paediatric population is unknown. Currently, a systematic synthesis of PU incidence and prevalence studies in paediatric settings is missing. To determine the prevalence and incidence of pressure ulcers in ...
Beeckman Dimitri - - 2010
Previous studies report that pressure ulcer classification and differentiation from incontinence associated dermatitis are difficult. Incorrect classification and differentiation result in incorrect prevention and treatment. Education is important to spread evidence-based insights about this topic and to improve classification skills. To assess the effectiveness of the Pressure Ulcer Classification (PUCLAS) ...
Kim Jennifer - - 2010
Pressure ulcer prevention is critically important for many people with reduced mobility. The authors investigated whether sensory (sub-motor-threshold) electrical stimulation (ES) may provide a convenient preventive intervention. A double-blinded, repeated measures study design was used to test the hypothesis that repeated use of sensory surface ES improves tissue health status ...
Hendrichova I - - 2010
Terminally ill cancer patients are considered at high risk for pressure ulcers because of their clinical condition. However, in Italy, data about pressure ulcers and their prevalence are insufficient. This paper reports a study on pressure ulcers incidence and prevalence in a population of oncology patients cared for in an ...
van Anholt R D - - 2010
We investigated the potential of a high-protein, arginine- and micronutrient-enriched oral nutritional supplement (ONS) to improve healing of pressure ulcers in non-malnourished patients who would usually not be considered for extra nutritional support. Forty-three non-malnourished subjects with stage III or IV pressure ulcers were included in a multicountry, randomized, controlled, ...
Paquay Louis - - 2010
To investigate the effect of the implementation of a patient and family education programme for pressure ulcer prevention in an organisation for home care nursing on guideline adherence and on prevalence and severity of pressure ulcers and to examine the determining factors for the application of measures for pressure ulcer ...
Thomas David R - - 2010
Pressure ulcers remain problematic across health care settings, with prevalence and incidence changing little over the past 2 decades. Because external pressure is viewed as the chief factor in the development of pressure ulcers, considerable research has focused on pressure relief. Because relief of external pressure is possible, and would ...
Verschueren J H M - - 2011
Multicenter prospective cohort study. To determine the occurrence and predictors for pressure ulcers in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) during primary in-patient rehabilitation. Eight Dutch rehabilitation centres with specialized SCI units. The occurrence, location and stage of pressure ulcers were registered between admission and start of functional rehabilitation (called ...
James Jane - - 2010
The survey used the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EPUAP) methodology for the collection of pressure ulcer prevalence data. The orthopaedic survey was conducted across all National Health Service Trusts in Wales between 2 and 6 July 2007 while the community hospital survey covering 25% of all community hospital beds ...
- - 2010
Several departments are made part of the process. Regular audits are conducted and system errors addressed. Staffs receive regular communication on their performance.
VanGilder Catherine - - 2010
Suspected deep tissue injury (sDTI) was identified in 2001 and added as a staging definition by the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel in 2007. Clinical data on sDTI are sparse. This article reports the overall prevalence data and describes the demographics of subjects with sDTI from the International Pressure Ulcer ...
Meesterberends Esther - - 2010
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the current state of pressure ulcer guideline development and dissemination, from national to local level (i.e. nursing homes) in six European countries: England, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden. BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a persistent problem in healthcare institutions. Their prevalence is influenced by ...
van Leen Martin - - 2011
At present, the evidence regarding the type of mattress that is the best for preventing pressure ulcers is not convincing. In a single center, prospective, controlled trial we compared a static air overlay mattress (no electric pump needed) on top of a cold foam mattress with a cold foam mattress ...
Peterson Matthew J - - 2010
This paper is a report of a study of the effects of lateral turning on skin-bed interface pressures in the sacral, trochanteric and buttock regions, and its effectiveness in unloading at-risk tissue. Minimizing skin-support surface interface pressure is important in pressure ulcer prevention, but the effect of standard patient repositioning ...
Beeckman D - - 2010
Pressure ulcers continue to be a significant problem in hospitals, nursing homes and community care settings. Pressure ulcer incidence is widely accepted as an indicator for the quality of care. Negative attitudes towards pressure ulcer prevention may result in suboptimal preventive care. A reliable and valid instrument to assess attitudes ...
Kottner Jan - - 2010
Institutionally acquired pressure ulcers are used as outcome indicators to assess the quality of pressure ulcer prevention programs. Determining whether quality improvement projects that aim to decrease the proportions of institutionally acquired pressure ulcers lead to real changes in clinical practice depends on the measurement method and statistical analysis used. ...
Anders Jennifer - - 2010
Pressure sores are a serious complication of multimorbidity and lack of mobility. Decubitus ulcers have become rarer among bed-ridden patients because of the conscientious use of pressure-reducing measures and increased mobilization. Nonetheless, not all decubitus ulcers can be considered preventable or potentially curable, because poor circulation makes some patients more ...
Barrett Roseann - - 2010
Prevention of pressure ulcers in hospitalized patients represents a challenge with great financial impact for hospitals and serious consequences for patients. A partnership composed of dieticians and nurses was assembled to identify best practices for providing nutritional support and intervention to patients at risk for pressure ulcers. This article describes ...
Vanoncini M - - 2010
The aim of this paper is to show the feasibility of the use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) applied to the lower back muscles for pressure sores prevention in paraplegia. The hypothesis under study is that FES induces a change in the pressure distribution on the contact area during sitting. ...
Black Joyce - - 2010
Pressure ulcer assessment is usually performed at the bedside by a clinician with minimal training in wound assessment. A multidisciplinary panel of United States' wound experts was assembled to provide anatomically accurate and practical terms associated with pressure ulcer assessment, healing, and nonhealing in order to help clinicians identify and ...
Jaul Efraim - - 2010
Pressure ulcers (pressure sores) continue to be a common health problem, particularly among the physically limited or bedridden elderly. The problem exists within the entire health framework, including hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities and private homes. For many elderly patients, pressure ulcers may become chronic for no apparent reason and ...
Lahmann Nils A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pressure ulcers continue to be an important issue in long-term care facilities. Besides quality initiatives (implementation of guidelines) and increased public awareness of the problem, little is known about the actual extent of the problem in Germany. The aim of this study is to provide information on ...
Rapp Mary Pat - - 2010
The objective of this study was to compare reported pressure ulcer prevention and treatment practices in nursing facilities with high prevalence of pressure ulcers versus nursing facilities with low prevalence of pressure ulcers. A 26-item survey on implementation of nationally accepted standards for pressure ulcer prevention and treatment was mailed ...
Giuglea Carmen - - 2010
Pressure sores can be defined as lesions caused by unrelieved pressure resulting in damage of the underlying tissue. They represent a common problem in the pathology of plegic patients and, plastic surgery has a significant role in their treatment. Pressure sores occur over bony prominences and so, they are most ...
Willenberg T - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ease of application of two-piece, graduated, compression systems for the treatment of venous ulcers. METHODS: Four kits used to provide limb compression in the management of venous ulcers were evaluated. These have been proven to be non-inferior to various types of bandages in clinical trials. The ...
Edlich Richard F - - 2011
Patients with suspected spinal cord injuries are immobilized to a backboard during ambulance and helicopter air transport. It has been well documented that patients who are immobilized to a backboard experience discomfort and eventually become susceptible to pressure ulcer formation. Because the patient lying on a backboard is subjected to ...
Olesen Christian Gammelgaard - - 2010
This paper surveys the literature on the etiology of sitting-acquired deep tissue pressure ulcers from three different viewpoints. The first viewpoint is identification of risk factors related to seated posture. The second viewpoint focuses on the external factors that can cause necrosis to human cells, such as ischemia and compression. ...
Bartus Cynthia - - 2010
In this issue Fromy et al. describe alterations in pressure-induced vasodilation in the populations most prone to development of pressure ulcers of the skin. Advancing our understanding regarding the basic pathophysiological mechanisms mediating the development of pressure ulcers will allow for better delineation of populations at risk. This study provides ...
Messer Monica S - - 2010
Although pressure ulcer prevention has received considerable attention in the literature since the 1960s, little has been published about the risk of pressure injury to patients undergoing procedures in diagnostic and interventional ancillary units such as radiology, renal dialysis, cardiac, and vascular procedure laboratories. In the only research study found ...
Chaves Lidice M - - 2010
AIM: This study is a report of a study to determine the quality of protocols for pressure ulcer prevention in home care in the Netherlands. BACKGROUND: If pressure ulcer prevention protocols are evidence-based and practitioners use them correctly in practice, this will result a reduction in pressure ulcers. Very little ...
Yamamoto Yosuke - - 2010
The effect of the presence of pressure ulcers on burden of caregivers is unknown. We investigated the relationship between the state of pressure ulcers in vulnerable elderly patients and the burden on their informal caregivers. This cross-sectional study enrolled 137 patients aged > or = 40 years with limited activity ...
Tzen Yi-Ting - - 2010
People with spinal cord injuries are at high risk for developing pressure ulcers. Increased skin temperature is one of the extrinsic causative factors for this multi-factorial disease. Previous animal studies revealed that local skin cooling reduced the severity of ulceration, and cooling is widely used in plastic surgery and organ ...
Doley Jennifer - - 2010
Despite our knowledge of how to prevent pressure ulcers, and improvements in treatment, pressure ulcers remain prevalent and impose a significant burden on financial and labor resources in the healthcare industry. Although there is no known role for specific nutrients in the prevention of pressure ulcers, undernutrition is a risk ...
Lahmann Nils A - - 2010
AIM: The study aimed to give a description analysis of pressure ulcer-related structures, processes and outcomes in nursing homes and acute-care hospitals that participated once, twice and thrice in prevalence surveys. DESIGN: Repeated nationwide, multicentre, cross sectional surveys have been conducted. METHODS: A total of 7377 residents in 60 nursing ...
Maeshige N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of ultrasound irradiation when used alongside standard care in the treatment of pressure ulcers; outcome measures were reduction in wound size and exudate weight. METHOD: Five patients (two male and three female, age range: 76-92 years) with seven ulcers participated in this study. They had ...
Trueman Paul - - 2010
Pressure ulcers are associated with a significant economic burden that, in many cases, is recognised as being avoidable. The effectiveness of pressure relieving surfaces is well documented and acknowledged in clinical guidelines on the prevention and management of pressure ulcers. Whilst pressure relieving surfaces are more expensive than traditional hospital ...
Kaitani Toshiko - - 2010
AIM: This study identified risk factors for pressure ulcer development early in the admission stage to determine what appropriate interventions might be conducted early in the admission stage to decrease the risk of pressure ulcer development. BACKGROUND: Among patients who develop pressure ulcers, 8-40% of them occur in a critical ...
- - 2010
A key element in pressure ulcer prevention and management is the selection of appropriate pressure redistributing (PR) patient support surfaces for use while seated and in bed. However little explicit guidance exists allowing standardised quantitative comparison of different PR surfaces based upon their ability to redistribute pressure from anatomical landmarks ...
Mao Cindy L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To review recent literature regarding therapeutic management of pressure ulcers and to discuss the potential implications of the newly recognized entity, deep tissue injury (DTI). DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search was conducted of pressure ulcer therapy published between January 2001 and October 2009. Key search terms included pressure ulcers, ...
Yang Yu-Sheng - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether audio feedback obtained from a data logger could help community-dwelling manual wheelchair users (MWUs) to engage in pressure-relieving behaviors more frequently. Twenty community-dwelling MWUs completed the study. Data loggers with force sensors were installed on each participant's wheelchair. The frequency of ...
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