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Ataee Pedram - - 2013
This paper presents a computationally efficient method to design an artificial bionic baroreflex. This work is built upon a physiology-based mathematical model of autonomic-cardiac regulation describing the regulation of heart rate and blood pressure as well as a system identification technique to identify a subject-specific mathematical model for each subject. ...
Turner Michael J - - 2013
The arterial baroreflex is the primary negative feedback system involved in stabilizing arterial pressure from external disturbances. Determining the dynamic characteristics of the baroreflex is important for our understanding of the mechanisms involved in rapid restoration of arterial pressure. This study examined the differences in the dynamic baroreflex control of ...
Kawabe Tetsuya T Department of Neurological Surgery, MSB H-586, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, 185 S Orange Ave, Newark, NJ 07107-3000, - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that tonic γ-aminobutyric acid-ergic activity in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARCN) modulates blood pressure control and attenuation of this inhibitory activity contributes to hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and greater splanchnic nerve activity (GSNA) were recorded in ...
Alperin N - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Subjective determination of the posterior sclera flattening and optic nerve protrusion in MRI is challenging because of the 3D nature of the globe morphology. This study aims to develop and compare quantitative measures of globe flattening and optic nerve protrusion with subjective rating, and assess relationships with papilledema ...
Santiapillai Georgina Radhini GR Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Cardiovascular Division, British Heart Foundation Centre of Research Excellence, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Hypertension is a multifactorial condition which makes the development of treatment approaches difficult. The vast majority of patients are treated with lifestyle measures either alone or in combination with antihypertensive drugs, and this approach is largely successful in controlling blood pressure. However, for a subgroup of patients, control of blood ...
Jonas Jost B - - 2013
Eyes with normal-tension and high-tension glaucoma can have a similar optic nerve head appearance, which differs markedly from the optic disc appearance in vascular optic neuropathies. Factors in addition to intraocular pressure (IOP) may play a role in the pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Clinical and experimental studies have shown ...
Kario Kazuomi K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke, Japan. - - 2013
To investigate the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect of olmesartan in relation to chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated sympathetic nerve activity, a subanalysis was performed using data from the first 16 weeks of the Home BP Measurement With Olmesartan-Naive Patients to Establish Standard Target Blood Pressure (HONEST) study, a prospective observational study of ...
Fujita Megumi - - 2013
The role of sympathetic nerve activity in hypertension is currently receiving increased attention, because catheter-based renal denervation was recently shown to reduce blood pressure safely in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. The central nervous system, which regulates sympathetic nerve activity and blood pressure, is pivotal. Central sympathoexcitation has been shown to ...
Hering Dagmara - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Renal denervation (RDN) has been demonstrated to reduce muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and blood pressure (BP) in patients with resistant hypertension. Whether alterations of arterial stiffness may contribute to BP-lowering effects of RDN is unknown. METHODS:: We measured office BP and arterial stiffness using fingertip tonometry-derived augmentation index ...
Yang Huan - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous analysis techniques and Valsalva's maneuver (VM) are often used as a non-pharamcological approach to assess both sympathetic (sBRS) and cardiovagal (cBRS) baroreflex sensitivity. Despite their wide utilization, no studies have assessed the intra-individual reliability between these analysis techniques. Accordingly, we hypothesized that spontaneous BRS would be positively correlated ...
Wei Shun-Guang SG Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, - - 2013
Proinflammatory cytokines play an important role in regulating autonomic and cardiovascular function in hypertension and heart failure. Peripherally administered proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), act on the brain to increase blood pressure, heart rate, and sympathetic nerve activity. These molecules are too large to ...
Stouffer G A - - 2013
Clinical trials have shown that catheter-based renal denervation (RD), i.e. interruption of afferent and efferent sympathetic nerves supplying the kidney, can reduce systolic blood pressure (BP) by approximately 30 mm Hg. This technology is currently being tested as a therapeutic option for patients with resistant hypertension, a condition in which ...
Zhushma Aleksandr - - 2013
Acoustics are commonly used for borehole (i.e., oil well) imaging applications, under conditions where temperature and pressure reach extremes beyond that of conventional medical ultrasonics. Recently, there has been an interest in the application of encapsulated microbubbles as borehole contrast agents for acoustic assessment of fluid composition and flow. Although ...
Brosh Koby - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report a case of a 25-year-old girl with pseudotumor cerebri who presented with unilateral swollen optic disk. Methods: A 25-year-old obese patient admitted to our ophthalmic department complaining of headaches, tinnitus, and transient visual obscurations for the last three months. Upon ophthalmic examination, the left optic nerve ...
Grassi Guido - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Previous studies have shown that blood pressure assessment by a nurse markedly attenuates the pressor and tachicardic responses triggered by the physician blood pressure measurement. Whether and to what extent this attenuation reflects a different pattern of the neuroadrenergic responses to doctor or nurse blood pressure evaluation is unknown. ...
Price Angela A Hypertension Section, Cardiology Division, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, U9.400, Dallas, TX 75390-8586, - - 2013
In young healthy humans, sympathetic vasoconstriction is markedly blunted during exercise to optimize blood flow to the metabolically active muscle. This phenomenon known as functional sympatholysis is impaired in hypertensive humans and rats by angiotensin II-dependent mechanisms, involving oxidative stress and inactivation of nitric oxide (NO). Nebivolol is a β1-adrenergic ...
Eme John - - 2013
We used arterial tyramine injections to study development of sympathetic actions on in vivo heart rate and blood pressure in embryonic, hatching and yearling female American alligators. Tyramine is a pharmacological tool for understanding comparative and developmental sympathetic regulation of cardiovascular function, and this indirect sympathomimetic agent causes endogenous neuronal ...
Olivecrona Charlotta - - 2013
Tourniquet-related nerve injuries remain a concern in orthopedic surgery. The cuff pressures used today are generally lower, and therefore a decreasing incidence of peripheral nerve injuries might also be expected. However, there have been few neurophysiological studies describing the outcome after bloodless field surgery. We describe the results of neurophysiological ...
Dominga Lapi - - 2013
The trigemino-cardiac reflex is a brainstem reflex known to lead to a decrement in heart rate and blood pressure, whereas few data have been collected about its effects on the cerebral hemodynamic. In this study we assess the in vivo effects of trigeminal nerve peripheral stimulation by mandibular extension on ...
Khimsuksri Sawita - - 2013
Perinatal taurine excess or deficiency influences adult health and disease, especially relative to the autonomic nervous system. This study tests the hypothesis that perinatal taurine exposure influences adult autonomic nervous system control of arterial pressure in response to acute electrical tooth pulp stimulation. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with normal ...
Jones Peter - - 2013
The haemodynamic response to critical care intubation is influenced by the use of sedation and relaxant drugs and the activation of the vagal reflex. It has been hypothesized that different disease states may have a contrasting effect on the cardiovascular response to vagal stimulation. Our objective was to determine whether ...
Kaneko Soichiro S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, - - 2013
Objective. We investigated the relationship between superior mesenteric artery blood flow volume (SMA BFV) and autonomic nerve activity in acupuncture stimulation of lower limb points through heart rate variability (HRV) evaluations. Methods. Twenty-six healthy volunteers underwent crossover applications of bilateral manual acupuncture stimulation at ST36 or LR3 or no stimulation. ...
Luo Danping D Pain Medicine Program, Nanfang, Hospital, southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of china ; the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong college of Pharmacy, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2013
Acupressure is an alternative medicine methodology that originated in ancient China. Treatment effects are achieved by stimulating acupuncture points using acute pressure. Acute pressure block of the sciatic nerve is a newly reported analgesic method based on a current neuroscience concept: stimulation of the peripheral nerves increases the pain threshold. ...
McBryde Fiona D FD School of Physiology and Pharmacology, Bristol Heart Institute, Medical Sciences Building, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, - - 2013
In the spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rat, hyperoxic inactivation of the carotid body (CB) produces a rapid and pronounced fall in both arterial pressure and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSA). Here we show that CB de-afferentation through carotid sinus nerve denervation (CSD) reduces the overactive sympathetic activity in SH rats, providing ...
Goonetilleke Lakshman - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Enhanced sympathetic neurotransmission contributes to hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). We recently reported a method for studying sympathetic neurotransmission in pressurized small arteries, demonstrating a major role of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as a sympathetic neurotransmitter under these physiological conditions. We have now used this methodology to assess ...
Koehler Peter J - - 2012
In 1947, the Dutch neurologist De Jong published the first family with, what later would be called, hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). We recently found a new case from this family and were able to confirm the diagnosis by DNA analysis.
Tholpady Sunil - - 2012
Sclerosteosis (OMIM 269500) is a progressive, autosomal recessive, sclerosing bone disorder with a well-defined phenotype. This phenotype is correlated with a deficiency in the protein product sclerostin, leading to bony overgrowth from the loss of inhibition of osteocyte function. Calvarial overgrowth can lead to cranial nerve palsies, visual impairment, and ...
Doumas M - - 2012
Resistant hypertension is frequently encountered and remains challenging in everyday clinical practice despite the availability of numerous effective antihypertensive drugs. Existing limitations in drug therapy renders renal nerve ablation (RNA) an attractive alternative for the management of resistant hypertension. RNA has been proven so far both effective and safe in ...
Brinkmann Julia - - 2012
Endovascular renal nerve ablation has been developed to treat resistant hypertension. In addition to lowering efferent renal sympathetic activation, the intervention may attenuate central sympathetic outflow through decreased renal afferent nerve traffic, as evidenced by a recent case report. We tested the hypothesis in 12 nonpreselected patients with difficult-to-control hypertension ...
Grassi Guido - - 2012
Therapeutic interventions aimed at reducing high blood pressure still encompass a number of difficulties and limitations. This is the case particularly in resistant hypertension, i.e. a condition characterized by a very high cardiovascular risk. Carotid baroreceptor stimulation and renal sympathetic nerves ablation represent new approaches in the treatment of this ...
Berdahl John P - - 2012
Papilledema has long been associated with elevated intracranial pressure. Classically, tumors, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and obstructive hydrocephalus have led to an increase in intracranial pressure causing optic nerve head edema and observable optic nerve swelling. Recent reports describe astronauts returning from prolonged space flight on the International Space Station with ...
Lawley Justin Stevan - - 2012
Abstract Lawley, Justin Stevan, Samuel James Oliver, Paul Mullins, Daniel Morris, Naushad Ali Junglee, Charlotte Jelleyman, and Jamie Hugo Macdonald. Optic nerve sheath diameter is not related to high altitude headache: a randomized controlled trial. High Alt Med Biol. 13:193-199, 2012.-The mechanism of high altitude headache (HAH) remains unknown. The ...
Driessen Caroline C Department of Plastic, Neurosurgery, Dutch Craniofacial Center, Erasmus MC Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2012
Children with craniosynostosis are at risk for increased intracranial pressure, and additional possibilities to screen for increased intracranial pressure are required. The authors' aim was to use ultrasound measurements of the optic nerve sheath to understand and express the variability of intracranial pressure in syndromic craniosynostosis. Therefore, five pediatric patients ...
Amini Afshin - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An increase in the intracranial pressure (ICP) might aggravate patient outcomes by inducing neurologic injuries. In patients with increased ICP the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) increases due to its close association with the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. The present study was an attempt to evaluate the ...
KrasiƄska Beata - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:701-710. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The authors aimed to determine the effect of the time of hypotensive drug administration on the progress of degenerative changes within the optic nerve in patients with hypertension and glaucoma. Two groups were included in the study: group A comprised patients-dippers ...
Takahashi Hakuo - - 2012
Basic research using animal models points to a causal role of the central nervous system in essential hypertension; however, since clinical research is technically difficult to perform, this connection has not been confirmed in humans. Recently, renal nerve ablation in humans proved to continuously decrease blood pressure in resistant hypertension. ...
Muslih A I - - 2012
The angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are a group of pharmaceuticals that are used primarily in treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure, in some cases as the drugs of first choice. The renin-angiotensin system is activated in response to hypotension, decreased sodium concentration in the distal tubule, decreased blood ...
Sobreira Inês - - 2012
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) results from the deletion of the PMP22 gene in chromosome 17p11.2. Clinically, it presents with painless pressure palsies, typically in the 2nd and 3rd decades of life, being a rare entity in childhood. We present the case study of a six-year-old male ...
Zakaria Zaitun - - 2012
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a headache syndrome with progressive symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. Most commonly, it is a slow process where surveillance and medical management are the main treatment modalities. We describe herein an acute presentation with bilateral sixth nerve palsies, papilloedema and visual deterioration, where acute surgical intervention ...
Wang Wenxue - - 2012
Acute pressure on the sciatic nerve has recently been reported to provide rapid short-term relief of pain in patients with various pathologies. Wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons transmit nociceptive information from the dorsal horn to higher brain centers. In the present study, we examined the effect of a 2-min application ...
Barbosa Cristiane Maria Galvão - - 2012
Brazil is the world's largest producer of sugarcane. Harvest is predominantly manual, exposing workers to health risks: intense physical exertion, heat, pollutants from sugarcane burning. Panel study to evaluate the effects of burnt sugarcane harvesting on blood markers and on cardiovascular system. Twenty-eight healthy male workers, living in the countryside ...
Islami Hilmi H Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina. Clinical Centre, Prishtina, Kosova. - - 2012
This work, partial pressure of the respiratory gases in the capillary blood (pH, PaO2, PaCO2) was studied, following the protective action of the beta2-drenergic stimulator-Hexoprenaline and alpha2-adrenergic blocker-Tolazoline in the bronchoconstriction caused by a beta-blocker-Propranolol. in patients with increased bronchial reactibility. pH, oxygen partial pressure (PaO2), dioxide carbon partial pressure ...
Lall Varinder K VK School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2012
Mefloquine is an anti-malarial drug that can have neurological side effects. This study examines how mefloquine (MF) influences central nervous control of autonomic and respiratory systems using the arterially perfused working heart brainstem preparation (WHBP) of the rat. Recordings of nerve activity were made from the thoracic sympathetic chain and ...
Barrero M J - - 2011
AIMS: Chronic alcohol intake is related to hypertension. There are, however, few studies concerning the effect of ethanol upon hydric balance in relation to arterial pressure. Folic acid intake has beneficial effects upon the cardiovascular system decreasing hyperhomocysteinemia, however, more studies imply that it is related with other mechanisms. Therefore, ...
Graham Alexander J - - 2011
Here we present detailed structural data on the effect of high pressure on Cu-btc. Application of pressure causes solvent to be squeezed into the pores until a phase transition occurs, driven by the sudden compression and expansion of equatorial and axial Cu-O bonds.
Di Gennaro Cristiana - - 2011
Background:  Little is known about brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) in active and medium-term withdrawing heavy alcoholics (HA). Methods:  FMD and some parameters of cardiovascular (CV) risk were measured in 29 HA (average alcohol intake 135, range 86 to 215 g per day) at baseline and after a 9 ± 7 months withdrawal and ...
Kredel Markus - - 2011
Ventilation with high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can lead to hepatic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the hepatic effects of strategies using high airway pressures either in pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) or in high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) combined with an arteriovenous extracorporeal lung assist (ECLA). Pietrain pigs ...
Joannidès R - - 2011
Whether or not a cyclosporine A (CsA)-free immunosuppressant regimen based on sirolimus (SRL) prevents aortic stiffening and improves central hemodynamics in renal recipients remains unknown. Forty-four patients (48 ± 2 years) enrolled in the CONCEPT trial were randomized at week 12 (W12) to continue CsA or switch to SRL, both ...
Polcin Douglas L DL Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, California, USA. - - 2012
The vast majority of individuals with alcohol problems in the United States and elsewhere do not seek help. One policy response has been to encourage institutions such as criminal justice and social welfare systems to mandate treatment for individuals with alcohol problems (Addiction, 1997;92:1133). However, informal pressures to drink less ...
Lai En Yin EY Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20007, - - 2011
Reactive oxygen species enhance or impair autoregulation. Because superoxide is a vasoconstrictor, we tested the hypothesis that stretch generates superoxide that mediates myogenic responses. Increasing perfusion pressure of mouse isolated perfused renal afferent arterioles from 40 to 80 mm Hg reduced their diameter by 13.3±1.8% (P<0.001) and increased reactive oxygen ...
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