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Results 601 - 650 of 1882
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Nathoo Narendra - - 2005
Much has been written about Harvey Cushing, his contributions to neurosurgery, and his relationship with many of his contemporaries. Nevertheless, there is no independent report documenting his relationship with Ohio's first neurosurgeon, George W. Crile. Crile's role as a neurosurgeon is limited to the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, ...
Rautiainen Risto H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to measure changes in injury claim rates after a premium discount program was implemented in the Finnish farmers' workers' compensation insurance. We focused on measures that could indicate whether the changes occurred in the true underlying injury rate, or only in claims reporting. ...
Acosta D - - 2005
We report a measurement of the rate of prompt diphoton production in pp collisions at square root of s=1.96 TeV using a data sample of 207 pb(-1) collected with the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab. The background from nonprompt sources is determined using a statistical method based on differences in ...
Levine Jeffrey M - - 2005
Jean-Martin Charcot was a towering figure in the French medical community in the 19th century. Among the diseases he studied was the decubitus, or pressure ulcer, as it is commonly called today. He did not believe that pressure or local irritation were causative factors for the decubitus but rather subscribed ...
Ichioka S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the difficulty in treating pressure ulcers associated with scar formation and the benefits of surgical treatment in these cases by presenting a series of clinical cases. METHOD: Nine sacral ulcers surrounded by significant scar formation and 14 sacral ulcers without significant scars were treated using the same ...
Kenyon Brian J - - 2005
This study compared two Type III ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) mouthguards for wearability, comfort, fit, and patient preference. Twenty-two athletes each received two custom-fabricated athletic mouthguards, a single-layered vacuum-formed EVA mouthguard and a double-layered heat- and pressure-laminated EVA type. Athletes wore each type of mouthguard for a two-week period while ...
Rithalia S - - 2005
Pressure ulcers cause great pain and suffering to patients as well as unnecessary strain on nursing staff. Their treatment is both costly and time consuming. Every effort therefore should be directed towards their prevention. Understanding of the aetiology of pressure ulcers is still incomplete and assessment of devices aimed at ...
Yang Shangfeng - - 2005
Dysprosium-based trimetallic nitride endohedral fullerenes (clusterfullerenes)-the Dy(3)N@C(2)(n) (38 </= n </= 49) family-have been produced at overwhelming yields compared to the empty fullerenes for the first time. The Dy(3)N@C(2)(n) family represents the largest clusterfullerene family explored up to now, even in comparison with the Tm(3)N@C(2)(n) (38 </= n </= 44) ...
Kuroda Shuichi - - 2005
With pressure sores, surface damage indicates that subcutaneous fat tissue necrosis has occurred. We hypothesized that formation of necrosis under a pressure sore changes the stress distribution, which in turn affects further extension of the necrosis. In the present study, two-dimensional finite element models were used to perform analysis under ...
Crawford Shelley A - - 2005
To examine changes in seat-interface pressure with multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Case series. Multiple Sclerosis Society's Resource Centre and community. Convenience sample of 15 MS wheelchair users and 12 MS non-wheelchair users. Interface pressure was measured for 8 minutes using the Force Sensing Array pressure mapping system. Number of activated ...
Caliri Maria Helena Larcher - - 2005
The SCI person is at high risk for pressure ulcers; thus, pressure ulcer prevention is a critical component of care. Guidelines exist to promote evidenced-based practice for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers in the SCI. There is a discrepancy between what persons with SCI know about pressure ulcer ...
Chen Yuying - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine age-period-duration patterns of the prevalence of pressure ulcers in community-residing people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Multicenter cohort study. SETTING: Nine Model Spinal Cord Injury Systems throughout the United States. PARTICIPANTS: People with SCI (N=3361) injured between 1986 and 1995 and followed up thereafter on a ...
Mackey Dianne - - 2005
The prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers are major concerns for health care providers across the care continuum. The selection of a support surface is an important component of a comprehensive pressure ulcer prevention program. The accepted standard in clinical practice for pre-venting pressure ulcers and other complications of immobility ...
Lott Donovan J - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although pressure-reducing interventions have been effective in the healing of neuropathic foot ulcers, these ulcers frequently recur in people with diabetes mellitus (DM). This case report illustrates how sudden changes in weight-bearing activity may have affected ulcer recurrence in a patient with DM and how the physical ...
Lindgren Margareta - - 2005
AIM: This paper reports a study to identify risk factors associated with pressure ulcer development among a mixed group of adult patients undergoing surgery. BACKGROUND: Few studies have been carried out with patients undergoing surgery to assess the risk of pressure ulcer development, and so there is a little knowledge ...
Butcher Martyn - - 2005
Superficial pressure ulcers--those involving the upper layers of skin--are currently the object of academic controversy, in particular regarding the influence of moisture in their formation. This article aims to steer nurses round these debates with a practical approach to preventing pressure damage, placing a strong emphasis on skin care and ...
Jeon M - - 2005
This study evaluated the antioxidative capacity of 13 US Northwest honeys from different floral sources and their anti-browning effect on fresh-cut apples. The inhibitory effect of honey on enzymatic browning of fresh-cut apples were studied by simply immersing apple slices in 10% honey solution for 30 min or vacuum impregnating ...
Mullins Maria - - 2005
Pressure ulcers are a high-risk, high-volume, and high-cost problem for persons with disabilities. This article describes four tools published in the literature and reports the validity, reliability, strengths, and limitations of each. These tools include the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH), the Pressure Sore Status Tool (PSST), the Sussman ...
Legood Rosa - - 2005
AIM: This paper presents the development process for clinical guidelines on the use of pressure-relieving devices (beds, mattresses and overlays), with emphasis on incorporating economic evidence. BACKGROUND: Previous UK guidelines on the use of pressure-relieving devices to prevent pressure ulcers have not considered whether any recommendations made are cost effective. ...
Lockwood Julie L - - 2005
Human-mediated species invasions are a significant component of current global environmental change. There is every indication that the rate at which locations are accumulating non-native species is accelerating as free trade and globalization advance. Thus, the need to incorporate predictive models in the assessment of invasion risk has become acute. ...
Schultz Alyce - - 2005
Pressure ulcers, regardless of their origin, represent negative outcomes for patients, including pain, additional treatments and surgery longer hospital stays, disfigurement or scarring, increased morbidity, and increased costs. The or is a high-risk environment for the development of pressure ulcers. Preoperative identification of patients at risk for pressure ulcer development ...
Hense Burkhard A - - 2005
Microcosm studies unveil relevant information in ecotoxicology. However, statistical evaluation of data gained from the different parts of the ecosystem often remain on unsatisfying, discretely level, e.g. separately for different species communities. A combination of different multivariate statistical methods enables an ecological interpretation of the found changes in zoo- and ...
Krkosek Martin - - 2005
Marine salmon farming has been correlated with parasitic sea lice infestations and concurrent declines of wild salmonids. Here, we report a quantitative analysis of how a single salmon farm altered the natural transmission dynamics of sea lice to juvenile Pacific salmon. We studied infections of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis and ...
Maklebust Joann - - 2005
PURPOSE: To provide the clinician with an overview of support surfaces used to manage tissue integrity as well as a review of how pressure ulcers develop. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in understanding how available support surfaces can impact the ...
Konya C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of a skin cleanser on the skin surrounding pressure ulcers helps to promote healing. METHOD: The study was conducted over a two-year period in patients with stage II or more pressure ulcers. All subjects were at least 65 years of age and resident in ...
Brienza David M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To provide the clinician with an overview of support surfaces used to manage tissue integrity as well as a review of how pressure ulcers develop. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in understanding how available support surfaces can impact the ...
de Laat Erik H E W - - 2005
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the current scientific evidence in the field of diagnostics and treatment of pain, malodour and exudate from pressure ulcers and to give recommendations for practice, based on these findings. BACKGROUND: Patients with pressure ulcers are confronted with symptoms of chronic wounds and impaired wound healing. ...
Theaker C - - 2005
Pressure sores are a potential complication of intensive care. Modern methods of pressure sore prevention centre around the use of pressure-relieving devices. Few studies exist that confirm the effectiveness of these devices. This study evaluates the effectiveness of two devices, the Hill-Rom Duo mattress and the KCI TheraPulse. High-risk patients ...
Gethin G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pressure ulceration remains a significant cause of morbidity for patients and has a real economic impact on the health sector. Studies to date have estimated the cost of management but have not always given a breakdown of how these figures were calculated. There are no published studies that have ...
Wedge Claire - - 2005
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of written and verbal education on bed-making practices, in an attempt to reduce the prevalence of pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND: The Department of Health has set targets for a 5% reduction per annum in the incidence of pressure ulcers. Electric profiling beds with a ...
Venkataraman Ramesh - - 2005
Acute renal failure (ARF) complicates the clinical course of many critically ill patients and significantly adds to their morbidity and mortality. Efforts to develop techniques to prevent ARF or to facilitate its resolution largely have been unsuccessful. Aggressive hydration, minimizing nephrotoxins, and maintenance of "adequate" mean arterial pressure remain the ...
Wallace Harry M - - 2005
This paper highlights the not-so-obvious but compelling reasons why the same supportive audiences that can help performers attain their highest potential also may increase performers' risk of choking under pressure. Drawing primarily from social psychology research and theory, we conclude that audience support magnifies performance pressure and induces performers to ...
Stausberg Jürgen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare point and period prevalence rates. DESIGN: Descriptive, cohort, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: From a cohort of 25,075 cases, information on pressure ulcer status on admission was recorded for 20,283 cases. From 3237 selected cases, the pressure ulcer team made 2234 assessments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Point prevalence, period prevalence, ...
Duimel-Peeters Inge G P - - 2005
General information about the effects of massage to prevent pressure ulcers is limited. A literature search was conducted to provide more detailed knowledge about the effects of massage in general and in preventing the development of pressure ulcers in particular. Using the keywords massage, rubbing, prevention of pressure ulcers/pressure ulcers, ...
Michelet Pierre - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Prone positioning (PP) on an air-cushioned mattress is associated with a limited increase in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and an absence of organ dysfunction. The respective influence of posture by itself and the type of mattress on these limited modifications during the PP procedure remains unclear. The aim of this ...
Vanderwee Katrien K Nursing Science, Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Gent, - - 2005
studies of the effectiveness of alternating pressure air mattresses (APAMs) for the prevention of pressure ulcers are scarce and in conflict. evaluating whether an APAM is more or equally effective as the standard prevention. randomised controlled trial. patients admitted to 19 surgical, internal, or geriatric wards in seven Belgian hospitals ...
Armstrong David G - - 2005
The etiology of neuropathic diabetic foot wounds can be summarized by the following formula: pressure x cycles of repetitive stress = ulceration. The final pathway to ulceration consists of an inflammatory response, leading to tissue breakdown. Mitigation of this response might reduce the risk of ulceration. This proof-of-concept trial evaluates ...
Patiwael Jiska A - - 2005
We describe 8 cases of occupational airborne irritant contact dermatitis in intensive care unit (ICU) employees caused by synthetic (polypropylene and polyethylene) fibres from an air-conditioning filter. Not until a workplace investigation was conducted, was it possible to clarify the unusual sequence of events. High filter pressure in the intensive ...
Torra i Bou J E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of Mepentol, a hyperoxygenated fatty acid preparation, with a placebo treatment in preventing the development of pressure ulcers. METHOD: The research study consisted of a multicentre double-blind randomised clinical trial. The incidence of pressure ulcers, relative risk (RR), preventable fraction and number necessary to treat ...
Defloor Tom - - 2005
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the predictive value of two pressure ulcer risk assessment scales (Braden and Norton) and of clinical judgement. To evaluate the impact of effective preventive measures on the predictive validity of the two risk assessment scales. METHODS: Of the 1772 participating older patients, 314 were randomly ...
Atiyeh Bishara S - - 2005
Paraplegic and quadriplegic patients particularly those suffering from spinal cord injuries are at a high risk of developing pressure ulcerations. Unlike pressure ulcers in geriatric patients, which usually can be controlled with pressure relieving devices and local wound care, pressure ulceration complicating spinal cord injuries should be viewed from another ...
Allanore Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Increased expression of CD40L has been reported on activated CD4+ T lymphocytes in systemic sclerosis. CD40L can be expressed in soluble form (sCD40L). OBJECTIVE: To compare sCD40L concentrations in patients with systemic sclerosis and healthy controls. METHODS: Quantitative sandwich ELISA was used to measure plasma sCD40L in systemic sclerosis ...
Crawford S A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of pressure mapping technology on the clinical decisions of occupational therapists and to examine the role of the Braden Scale in assisting with the selection of pressure-reducing cushions. DESIGN: Case studies. SETTING: Community. SUBJECTS: Forty clients. INTERVENTIONS: Clients were pressure mapped on their current seating ...
Franklin Stan - - 2005
In his article on The Liabilities of Mobility, asserts that "Consciousness presents us with a stable arena for our actions-the world ..." and argues for this property as providing evolutionary pressure for the evolution of consciousness. In this commentary, I will explore the implications of Merker's ideas for consciousness in ...
Jalali Rostam - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the predictive validity of 4 pressure ulcer risk assessment tools. METHODS: Prospective clinical design in which 230 subjects free of pressure ulceration on admission were assessed using the Braden, Gosnell, Norton, and Waterlow scales within 48 hours of admission. Subjects' skin condition was assessed once every 24 ...
Kemppainen Petri - - 2005
Species with restricted gene flow often show trait-shifts from one type of environment to another. In those rock-dwelling marine gastropods that lack larval dispersal, size generally decreases in wave-exposed habitats reducing risk of dislodgement, while increases in less exposed habitats to resist crab-crushing. In Littorina fabalis, however, snails of moderately ...
Vettier Aurélie - - 2005
To reproduce eels need to migrate over 6000 km and at pressure but before this migration they metamorphose into silver eels (silvering). The question raised in this study is to determine whether and how the silvering process contributes to pressure resistance. As migration represents a long swimming activity mainly performed ...
Lahmann Nils A - - 2005
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This article establishes the prevalence of pressure ulcers in hospitals and nursing homes for national and international comparison. BACKGROUND: Although many European countries evaluate the prevalence of pressure ulcers, it has not recently been examined in German healthcare facilities. DESIGN: Descriptive study design, point prevalence survey in ...
Meaume S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine which factors contribute to the development of pressure ulcers and to evaluate the role of topical agents in preventing their occurrence. METHOD: An observational, prospective survey covered 36 care of the elderly wards and involved 1121 patients at high or very high risk of pressure ulceration. The ...
Sae-Sia Wipa - - 2005
Pressure ulcer incidence and sacral skin temperature (T(s)) were measured in hospitalized neurologically impaired Thai patients ( n = 17) positioned supine and then laterally. Pressure ulcer incidence within 2 weeks of admission was 47%. Regardless of reclining position, mean sacral T(s) in subjects who developed a pressure ulcer was ...
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