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Temmar Mohamed - - 2010
Peripheral (brachial) pulse pressure normally exceeds central (aortic) pulse pressure but is a less powerful predictor of cardiovascular risk. The difference between the 2 variables, called pulse pressure amplification, has never been specifically studied between the proximal and distal aorta in coronary patients. Our goal was to determine aortic pulse ...
Gómez Marcos M A - - 2010
To analyze the relationship between pulse wave velocity (PWV) and central blood pressure evaluated by augmentation index (AIx) in hypertensive patients with kidney disease. 406 hypertensive patients with normal renal function and 72 with kidney disease. Arterial stiffness was estimated with the PWV and the AIx. We followed the 2007 ...
Schneider M P - - 2010
Arterial wave reflection, measured as augmentation index (AIx), and central pulse pressure (PP) closely predict cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that basal nitric oxide (NO) production would be a determinant of AIx and central PP. AIx and central PP were assessed at baseline by pulse wave analysis in 86 male subjects ...
Kim Dae-Hyun - - 2010
Stiff arteries cause high pulse pressure and flow to be transmitted to distal organs during systole, damaging the cerebral microvasculatures. We investigated the association between the severity of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), the pulsatility of cerebral arteries, and the stiffness of large arteries in patients with lacunar infarction (LI). ...
Ghaffari A - - 2010
The aim of this study is to detect acute hypotensive episodes (AHE) and mean arterial pressure dropping regimes (MAPDRs) using electrocardiographic (ECG) signals and arterial blood pressure waveforms. To meet this end, the QRS complexes and end-systolic end-diastolic pulses are first extracted using two innovative modified Hilbert transform-based algorithms, namely ...
Adkisson Eric J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to document the temporal changes in vascular reactivity occurring simultaneously in central, peripheral and microvascular resistance arteries in the same cohort of women during the normal menstrual cycle. Twenty-three (n = 23) women (mean age (+/-SD) = 19 +/- 1 y) were tested during ...
Yildiran Tansel - - 2010
The prognostic value of pulse pressure has been investigated in heart-failure patients. Low pulse pressure in advanced heart failure and high pulse pressure in mild heart failure have been separately linked to increased mortality rates. We prospectively investigated an association between pulse pressure and 2-year cardiovascular death in an entire ...
Gómez-Marcos Manuel A MA La Alamedilla Health Centre, Primary Care Research Unit, Castilla y León Health Service - SACYL, Salamanca, - - 2010
Diabetic patients show an increased prevalence of non-dipping arterial pressure pattern, target organ damage and elevated arterial stiffness. These alterations are associated with increased cardiovascular risk.The objectives of this study are the following: to evaluate the prognostic value of central arterial pressure and pulse wave velocity in relation to the ...
García-Ortiz Luis L La Alamedilla Health Centre, Castilla y León Health Service-SACYL, Salamanca, Spain. - - 2010
Healthy lifestyles may help to delay arterial aging. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship of physical activity and dietary pattern to the circadian pattern of blood pressure, central and peripheral blood pressure, pulse wave velocity, carotid intima-media thickness and biological markers of endothelial dysfunction in active ...
Graf Sebastian S Favaloro University, Av. Belgrano 1723 (1093), Buenos Aires, Argentina. - - 2010
The value of mean arterial pressure (MBP) is of clinical importance, and is required for peripheral resistance calculation as well as for central blood pressure calibration procedures. MBP is usually estimated at the upper arm using systolic and diastolic sphygmomanometers pressure values, as 33% of pulse pressure (PP) above diastolic ...
Torrado J J Physiology Department, School of Medicine, Universidad de la Repüblica (CUiiDARTE), General Flores 2125, PC:11800, Montevideo, - - 2010
The analysis of carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (PWVcr) changes in response to forearm transient ischemia (TI) has been proposed as an alternative approach to evaluate endothelial function. Consider flow mediated dilatation tests, PWVcr changes are characterized after 5 minutes of TI. It is unknown if lower TI times could be ...
Shahsavari S S Department of Signals and Systems, Signal Processing, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. - - 2010
The study aimed to determine the potential of pulse wave velocity measurements to reflect changes in compliant cerebral arteries/arterioles in head injured patients. The approach utilizes the electrocardiogram and intracranial pressure signals to measure the wave transit time between heart and cranial cavity. Thirty five clinical records of nineteen head ...
Shin Ki Young KY Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Ansan, Korea. - - 2010
In this study, we developed an array sensor module to measure pulse wave of radial artery. To measure pressure, this module contains 7 piezoresistive sensors of the size of 1×1 mm. This sensor module is composed of a PCB for bonding sensor, PCB guide for wiring, silicon guide to keep ...
Xu Da D Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. - - 2010
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a marker of arterial stiffness and may permit continuous, non-invasive, and cuff-less monitoring of blood pressure. Here, robust PWV estimation was sought by application of system identification to proximal and distal arterial waveforms. In this approach, the system that optimally couples the proximal waveform to ...
Passauer J - - 2009
Lipid apheresis (LA) is instituted to increase life expectancy in patients with previous cardiovascular events and severe and otherwise untreatable hypercholesterolemia. Studies have demonstrated that even a single LA markedly improves endothelial and micro-vascular function in patients. It is unknown whether these changes also impact pulse wave reflection and established ...
Fassett Robert G - - 2010
AIM: Central pulse pressure and measures of arterial stiffness (augmentation index (AIx) and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV)) predict morbidity and mortality in patients with stage 2-4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although statin therapy may be of vascular benefit in patients with CKD, the long-term effect of statins on central ...
Davies Justin E - - 2010
The augmentation index predicts cardiovascular mortality and is usually explained as a distally reflected wave adding to the forward wave generated by systole. We propose that the capacitative properties of the aorta (the arterial reservoir) also contribute significantly to the augmentation index and have calculated the contribution of the arterial ...
Andersen Klaus Scheldrup - - 2009
Measurements on microbubbles clearly indicate a relation between the ambient pressure and the acoustic behavior of the bubble. The purpose of this study was to optimize the sensitivity of ambient pressure measurements, using the subharmonic component, through microbubble response simulations. The behavior of two microbubbles corresponding to two different contrast ...
Palombo Carlo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Increased central aortic pressure resulting from large artery stiffening and increased wave reflection is associated with higher hypertension-related morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of a vasodilator-based therapy with the calcium channel blocker barnidipine on arterial stiffness, wave reflection, and left ventricular (LV) ...
Avolio Alberto P - - 2010
The most common method of clinical measurement of arterial blood pressure is by means of the cuff sphygmomanometer. This instrument has provided fundamental quantitative information on arterial pressure in individual subjects and in populations and facilitated estimation of cardiovascular risk related to levels of blood pressure obtained from the brachial ...
Bradley Timothy J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the biophysical properties of the aorta in children born small for gestational age (SGA) with an echo-Doppler method and to determine associations with known perinatal risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, 39 SGA and 41 control subjects aged 8 to 13 years were recruited. Perinatal ...
Hermeling Evelien - - 2010
Arterial stiffening plays an important role in the development of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The intrinsically nonlinear (ie, pressure-dependent) elastic behavior of arteries may have serious consequences for the accuracy and interpretation of arterial stiffness measurements and, ultimately, for individual patient management. We determined aortic pressure and common carotid artery ...
Skurnick Joan H - - 2010
Sex differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and trends with age have been consistently observed in both industrialized and unindustrialized populations. However, the impact of sex on pulse pressure, an index of vascular aging, in unindustrialized populations has not been addressed. The objective of this report was to ...
Denardo Scott J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effect of moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) on ventricular/vascular coupling and the aortic pressure waveform (AoPW) has been well described, but the effect of severe LVSD has not. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used noninvasive, high-fidelity tonometry of the radial artery and a mathematical transfer function to generate ...
Chang Shih-Tai - - 2010
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an early sign of vascular dysfunction. Studies have reported a correlation between arterial stiffness and cardiovascular events. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association among different criteria for assessing arterial stiffness and cardiovascular risk factors in ED patients. Assessment of pulse wave velocity ...
Jatoi Noor A - - 2009
Arterial stiffness, measured as aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), and wave reflection, measured as augmentation index (AIx), are independent predictors for total and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to compare a new device, based on oscillometric pressure curves (Arteriograph), which simultaneously measures PWV and AIx, ...
Kamran Haroon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Passive leg raising (PLR) produces hemodynamic and physiological changes related to centralizing blood volume and baroreceptor activation. METHODS/RESULTS: To evaluate the effects of PLR on central hemodynamics, we prospectively studied 50 healthy participants (80% male, age 37 +/- 12 years). Central aortic blood pressures (CA-BPs) and reflected wave properties ...
Yao Qingping Q Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at San Antonio, 78249, - - 2009
The effect of pulse pressure on arterial wall remodeling has not been clearly defined. The objective of this study was to evaluate matrix remodeling in arteries under nonpulsatile and hyperpulsatile pressure as compared with arteries under normal pulsatile pressure. Porcine carotid arteries were cultured for 3 and 7 days under ...
Swamy Gokul - - 2009
We developed a new technique to mathematically transform a peripheral artery pressure (PAP) waveform distorted by wave reflections into the physiologically more relevant aortic pressure (AP) waveform. First, a transfer function relating PAP to AP is defined in terms of the unknown parameters of a parallel tube model of pressure ...
Higo Yuji - - 2009
An experimental system to measure the elastic wave velocities of hot-pressed polycrystalline samples at high pressure and high temperature has been installed at SPring-8. It uses a combination of the ultrasonic pulse-echo-overlap method and Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus (SPEED-1500). X-ray radiographic imaging enables the sample length to be determined at high ...
Kolyva Christina - - 2009
An explanation of the mechanisms leading to the beneficial hemodynamic effects of the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is lacking. We hypothesized that inflation and deflation of the balloon would generate a compression (BCW) and an expansion (BEW) wave, respectively, which, when analyzed with wave intensity analysis, could be used to ...
Inrig Jula K - - 2009
Pulse pressure is a well established marker of vascular stiffness and is associated with increased mortality in hemodialysis patients. Here we sought to determine if a decrease in pulse pressure during hemodialysis was associated with improved outcomes using data from 438 hemodialysis patients enrolled in the 6-month Crit-Line Intradialytic Monitoring ...
Aoki Akiko - - 2009
AIM: The aim of our study was to examine the associations between vascular calcification, arterial stiffness and bone mineral density (BMD) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: The study subjects were 83 (70 men and 13 women) HD patients. All patients had computed tomography (CT) to determine aortic calcification index ...
Yambe Tomoyuki - - 2009
It is well known that the baroreflex system is one of the most important indicators of the pathophysiology in hypertensive patients. We can check the sensitivity of the baroreflex by observing heart rate (HR) responses; however, there is no simple diagnostic method to measure the arterial behavior in the baroreflex ...
Hickson Stacey S SS University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, UK. - - 2009
Recent evidence suggests that central aortic blood pressure may be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk than peripheral blood pressure. The central SBP (cSBP) can be estimated from the late systolic shoulder of the radial pulse waveform. We compared the second systolic peak of the radial waveform (pSBP(2)) with the ...
Iff Isabelle - - 2010
This study aimed to evaluate the use of extradural pressure (EDP) waves to confirm extradural needle placement in clinical practice. Lumbosacral extradural anaesthesia was performed in 98 dogs, of which 85 were included for statistical analysis. The extradural space was identified using conventional methods and, after testing lack of resistance ...
Cecelja Marina - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to examine the relative contributions of the first systolic shoulder (P1) and augmentation pressure (DeltaP(aug)) to central pulse pressure (cPP), their relation to central arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity [PWV]) and arterial diameters, and their respective heritability estimates. BACKGROUND: cPP is augmented above P1 by DeltaP(aug) ...
Liu Shing-Hong - - 2009
We propose a novel method for assessing the compliance of the radial artery by using a two-axis mechanism and a standard positioning procedure for detecting the optimal measuring site. A modified sensor was designed to simultaneously measure the arterial diameter change waveform (ADCW) and pressure pulse waveform with a strain ...
Gojanovic Boris - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the central aortic pressure wave from the noninvasive recording of the radial pulse with applanation tonometry has become a standard tool in the field of hypertension. It is not presently known whether recording the radial pulse on the dominant or the nondominant side has any effect on ...
Mulè Giuseppe - - 2009
It has not been fully elucidated whether microalbuminuria (MAU) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) are associated with aortic distensibility independently of each other. Our study was aimed to evaluate the independent relationships of urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) and hsCRP with aortic stiffness in hypertensive patients. We enrolled 140 untreated ...
Kamran Haroon H Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11203, - - 2010
This pilot study assessed the effects of hyperemia on carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (PWV) in 39 normotensive (NT) and 23 hypertensive (HT) participants using applanation tonometry. Pulse wave velocity was measured at 1- and at 2-minute intervals. Baseline PWV was similar between the groups (P = .59). At 1 minute, ...
Blacher J - - 2010
In hypertensive humans, the CC genotype of the aldosterone synthase gene polymorphism (ASGP) CYP11B(2) (C-344T variant) is associated with increased aortic stiffness. Whether ASGP is also associated with altered central (carotid) wave reflections has never been investigated. After 1-month wash-out period, 124 hypertensive individuals were submitted to measurements of brachial ...
Robertson A D - - 2010
Arterial stiffness is an established cardiovascular risk factor influencing haemodynamic properties in the microcirculation. We tested the hypothesis that increased arterial stiffness is associated with an increase in cerebrovascular resistance in the elderly. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), using arterial tonometry, and anterior cerebral blood flow (aCBF), using extracranial ultrasound, ...
Sie Mark P S - - 2009
We studied the associations of three renin-angiotensin system polymorphisms, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D, angiotensinogen 235 M/T, and angiotensin II receptor type I 573 C/T, with arterial stiffness. The study was embedded in the Rotterdam Study, a population-based study older adults. The association of the polymorphisms with pulse wave velocity, the ...
Shin S H - - 2009
The change in blood pressure during the ageing process depends on the changes in the physical properties of the arterial system. The conventional method of studying ageing, i.e. observing a focus group of people, requires long periods of time and also makes it difficult to separate the ageing effect from ...
Samuel Stanley - - 2009
The objective of this study was to conduct an ex vivo examination of correlation between acoustic emission and tissue damage. Intravital microscopy was employed in conjunction with ultrasound exposure in cremaster muscle of male Wistar rats. Definity microbubbles were administered intravenously through the tail vein (80microL.kg(-1).min(-1)infusion rate) with the aid ...
Talts Jaak - - 2009
A computer simulation has been performed to study the influence of the pulse pressure variation on the arterial compliance readings in regard to different calculation techniques and arterial wall elastic properties. We applied the derivative- and amplitude-based (delta-based) calculation techniques to the model of the pressure vs. arterial lumen area ...
Ueyama Kiyo - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as measures of arterial stiffness in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We studied 160 consecutively enrolled HD patients (mean age: 59+/-13 years; 91 male patients). We measured baPWV and CAVI ...
Tahvanainen Anna - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Ageing is associated with increased postural blood pressure changes and attenuated cardiovascular reactivity. As the background of these changes remains uncertain, we examined arterial stiffness, cardiac function and vascular resistance in healthy subjects in supine position and during orthostatic challenge. METHODS: Haemodynamics of 179 normotensive subjects (109 female and ...
Utescu Mihai S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The creation of arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been shown to have adverse effects on their central pulse wave profile suggesting a likely increase in arterial stiffness. The aim of the present study was to directly evaluate the effect of AVF on ...
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