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Results 401 - 450 of 1027
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Sun Tao - - 2012
One of the main pathological changes of hypertension is the dysfunction of blood vessels. We have found in our previous study that formononetin, one kind of phytoestrogens, has an acute antihypertensive effect. Therefore, we hypothesized that formononetin might produce a chronic antihypertensive effect through regulating the expressions of contractile receptors ...
Mathew Aarati Susan - - 2012
We investigated whether a test drink enriched in pomegranate polyphenols, consumed with a high-fat meal, can reduce postprandial lipaemia and improve vascular function and blood pressure compared to placebo. Nineteen young, healthy men completed a randomized, controlled crossover trial. The active drink (containing a pomegranate extract) was consumed during a ...
Webster Bradley R BR Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular complications including hypertension. Previous findings from our laboratory indicate that exposure to intermittent hypoxia (IH), to mimic sleep apnea, increases blood pressure in rats. IH also increases endothelin-1 (ET-1) constrictor sensitivity in a protein kinase C (PKC) δ-dependent manner in mesenteric arteries. ...
Bellien Jeremy - - 2012
In young healthy subjects, epoxyeicosatrienoic acids synthesized by endothelial cytochrome P450 epoxygenases maintain basal conduit artery diameter during altered NO availability. Whether this compensatory mechanism is effective during essential hypertension is unknown. Radial artery diameter, blood flow, and mean wall shear stress were determined in 14 nontreated essential hypertensive patients ...
Wang Yan - - 2012
Genome-wide association studies have identified the ATP2B1 gene associated with blood pressure (BP), the evidence from large scale Chinese population was still rare. We performed the current replication study to test the association of the ATP2B1 gene and hypertension and BP in two unrelated Chinese cohorts including 2,831 unrelated individuals ...
Kawai Tatsuo - - 2012
Recently, new parameters related to hypertension, such as variability in blood pressure and ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), were demonstrated to correlate with arteriosclerotic change. In this study, we investigated the correlation between circadian variability in blood pressure/AASI and renal function. We also investigated differences in the clinical impact of ...
Ciccone Marco Matteo - - 2012
AIMS: to evaluate isometric muscle contraction (handgrip) changes on key elements of cardiac afterload, before and after raloxifene administration in postmenopausal women. METHODS/RESULTS: 12 postmenopausal and 12 fertile women were studied. Postmenopausal women underwent raloxifene administration (60mg/day for 30days). We evaluated vascular reactivity in superficial palmar arterial arch during handgrip ...
Chen Lihong L Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Peking University Health Science Center, Haidian District, Beijing, - - 2012
The present studies aimed at elucidating the role of prostaglandin E(2) receptor subtype 3 (E-prostanoid [EP] 3) in regulating blood pressure. Mice bearing a genetic disruption of the EP3 gene (EP(3)(-/-)) exhibited reduced baseline mean arterial pressure monitored by both tail-cuff and carotid arterial catheterization. The pressor responses induced by ...
Ma Yonggang Y San Antonio Cardiovascular Proteomics Center, the Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, the Division of Geriatrics, Gerontology and Palliative Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, - - 2012
New developments in cardiovascular translational sciences have significantly advanced our understanding of the endovascular biology of blood pressure. Reductions in vascular elasticity and vessel compliance of conduit arteries are key components of both ISH and SDH. Vascular changes from the matrix metalloproteinase family of enzymes are involved in arterial wall ...
Pelham Christopher J CJ Department of Pharmacology, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2012
Dominant-negative (DN) mutations in the nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) cause hypertension by an unknown mechanism. Hypertension and vascular dysfunction are recapitulated by expression of DN PPARγ specifically in vascular smooth muscle of transgenic mice. DN PPARγ increases RhoA and Rho-kinase activity, and inhibition of Rho-kinase restores normal ...
Kin N - - 2012
Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) with retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) under high central venous pressure (CVP) is often used in aortic arch surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We hypothesized that DHCA with RCP under high CVP causes cerebral vascular compression because of increased perivascular pressure due to extravasation of fluid ...
Chan Christopher T - - 2012
Infiltration of macrophages into the artery wall plays detrimental roles during hypertension by promoting vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, and it occurs via a chemo-attractant action of chemokines on macrophage cytokine receptors. We sought to identify the key chemokine receptors associated with macrophage infiltration into the vascular wall during deoxycorticosterone ...
Martínez-Esteban M Dolores - - 2012
Despite advances in the pharmacological treatment of arterial hypertension (AHT) and the use of multiple antihypertensive drugs, a small but significant percentage of true severe refractory arterial hypertension patients are still not reaching their target blood pressure. In these cases, renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) seems to be a safe and ...
Taylor Alan J - - 2012
Risk assessment of the cervical spine prior to manual therapy interventions is currently a contentious topic, highlighted by recent suggestions in the medical press (http://www.bmj.com/content/344/bmj.e3679), that manipulative therapy should be abandoned because of the perceived risk. This paper addresses the issue of manual therapists using blood pressure measurement as an ...
Soletsky Beth - - 2012
Epidemiologic studies, animal models, and preliminary clinical trials in children implicate uric acid in the development of essential hypertension. Controversy remains as to whether the observations indicate a general mechanism or a surrogate phenomenon. We sought to determine whether uric acid is a causative mediator of increased blood pressure (BP) ...
Potapov Evgenij V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Continuous-flow (CF) ventricular assist devices (VAD) are an established option for treatment of end-stage heart failure. However, the effect of long-term CF with lack of peripheral arterial wall motions on blood pressure regulation and end-organ arterial wall sclerosis, especially in the case of long-term support (>3 years), remains unclear. ...
Heggermont Ward A - - 2012
Even in the new millennium, arterial hypertension remains a serious condition, with considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Crucial in managing the disease is not only lowering arterial blood pressure but also preventing or treating the typical end-organ damage caused by long-lasting and inadequately treated hypertension. In the past decade, it ...
Geavlete O - - 2012
Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and may constitute a treatable cause of secondary hypertension. Fibromuscular dysplasia is frequently affecting children as the main cause of RAS, but is very rare in adults. We present the case of a 19-year-old overweight patient, with no ...
Kariya S - - 2013
To demonstrate that carbon dioxide (CO2) microbubble contrast enhancement depicts blood vessels when used for x-ray examinations. Microbubbles were generated by cavitation of physiological saline to which CO2 gas had been added using an ejector-type microbubble generator. The input pressure values for CO2 gas and physiological saline that produced a ...
Mroczkowska Stephanie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To compare and contrast the presence of ocular and systemic vascular function in patients with newly diagnosed and previously untreated primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) vs those with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and comparable early-stage, functional loss. METHODS The systemic vascular function of 19 patients with POAG, 19 patients with NTG, ...
Rehberg Sebastian S Investigational Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA. - - 2012
Vasopressin analogs are used as a supplement to norepinephrine in septic shock. The isolated effects of vasopressin agonists on sepsis-induced vascular dysfunction, however, remain controversial. Because V(2)-receptor stimulation induces vasodilation and procoagulant effects, a higher V(1a)- versus V(2)-receptor selectivity might be advantageous. We therefore hypothesized that a sole, titrated infusion ...
Eechoute K - - 2012
Hypertension is an important side effect of sunitinib treatment. In a retrospective study in 255 patients, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2, endothelin-1 (ET-1), and endothelium-derived nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were multivariately tested against hypertension grades and changes in systolic ...
Kaess Bernhard M BM National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts, - - 2012
Vascular stiffness increases with advancing age and is a major risk factor for age-related morbidity and mortality. Vascular stiffness and blood pressure pulsatility are related; however, temporal relationships between vascular stiffening and blood pressure elevation have not been fully delineated. To examine temporal relationships among vascular stiffness, central hemodynamics, microvascular ...
Figueiredo Carlos G - - 2012
We describe a technique that prevents the Argentinean flag sign in white cataract. The technique is based on the intumescent cataract having 2 rather than 1 pressurized compartments within the crystalline lens, the anterior and the posterior. The pressure that pushes the nucleus upward, which is the movement responsible for ...
McCurley Amy - - 2012
Hypertension is a cardiovascular risk factor present in over two-thirds of people over age 60 in North America; elevated blood pressure correlates with increased risk of heart attack, stroke and progression to heart and kidney failure. Current therapies are insufficient to control blood pressure in almost half of these patients. ...
Litterio Maria C - - 2012
Epidemiological and intervention studies have shown that the intake of certain chocolates or cocoa products decreases blood pressure (BP) in humans. (-)-Epicatechin is the most abundant flavanol present in cocoa seeds and its derived foods. This work investigates the effects of dietary (-)-epicatechin on BP in rats that received N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine ...
Schnadt Joachim - - 2012
The new instrument for near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy which has been installed at the MAX II ring of the Swedish synchrotron radiation facility MAX IV Laboratory in Lund is presented. The new instrument, which is based on a SPECS PHOIBOS 150 NAP analyser, is the first to feature the use ...
Gustafsson T - - 2013
The wall stiffness of arteries and arterioles adapts to the long-term demands imposed by local intravascular pressure. We investigated whether substances capable of inducing acute and long-term effects on arterial wall stiffness are released locally into the bloodstream in response to an acute marked increase in local intravascular pressure in ...
Chandrasekaran V - - 2012
Smartphones today have become increasingly popular with the general public for their diverse functionalities such as navigation, social networking, and multimedia facilities. These phones are equipped with high end processors, high resolution cameras, and built-in sensors such as accelerometer, orientationsensor and light-sensor. According to comScore survey, 26.2% of US adults ...
Eskesen Kristian - - 2012
Objectives- Invasive measurements of intracardiac hemodynamics in animal models have allowed important advances in the understanding of cardiac disease. Currently they are performed either through a carotid arteriotomy or via a thoracotomy and apical insertion. Both of these techniques have disadvantages and are not conducive to repeated measurements. Therefore, the ...
Larson Abigail - - 2012
Quercetin (Q) reduces blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive individuals, but the mechanism is unknown. We hypothesized that acute Q aglycone administration reduces BP in hypertensive men by decreasing angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and/or by lowering the ratio of circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1) to nitric oxide and that these alterations will improve ...
Santulli Gaetano - - 2012
The expression of calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase IV (CaMKIV) was hitherto thought to be confined to the nervous system. However, a recent genome-wide analysis indicated an association between hypertension and a single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs10491334) of the human CaMKIV gene (CaMK4), which suggests a role for this kinase in the regulation of vascular ...
Sakka Samir G - - 2012
The transpulmonary thermodilution technique (TPTD) is a safe, multi-parametric advanced cardiopulmonary monitoring technique that provides important parameters required for making decisions in critically ill patients. The TPTD provides more reliable indicators of preload than filling pressures, the unique measurement of extravascular lung water (EVLW) and comparable accuracy in measuring cardiac ...
Bogni Serge - - 2012
Complete closure of gastrotomy is the linchpin of safe natural orifice transgastric endoscopic surgery. To evaluate feasibility and efficacy of a new method of gastrotomy closure by using a sutureless laser tissue-soldering (LTS) technique in an ex vivo porcine stomach. In vitro experiment. Experimental laboratory. Histological analysis and internal and ...
Bolzan Douglas Willian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies on endotracheal tube cuff pressure (CP) management, the literature has yet to establish a technique capable of adequately filling the cuff with an appropriate volume of air by while generating low CP in a less subjective way. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate ...
Bielska K - - 2012
We present a laser absorption technique to measure the saturation vapour pressure of hexagonal ice. This method is referenced to the triple-point state of water and uses frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy to probe four rotation-vibration transitions of at wavenumbers near 7180 cm(-1). Laser measurements are made at the output of a ...
da Silva R C V - - 2012
The treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease may be clinical or surgical. The clinical consists basically of the use of drugs; however, there are new techniques to complement this treatment, osteopathic intervention in the diaphragmatic muscle is one these. The objective of the study is to compare pressure values in the ...
Mogi Satoshi - - 2012
Coronary perforation is a rare but serious complication of percutaneous coronary intervention. In our case, kissing balloon technique caused the perforation. We took care of balloon diameter and inflation pressure, but we did not consider that the proximal lumen could take elliptical rather than circular shape. Then perforation occurred at ...
Smyth Tamara - - 2012
In this work, a technique is presented for estimating the reed pulse from the pressure signal recorded at the bell of a clarinet during performance. The reed pulse is a term given to the typically periodic sequence of bore input pressure pulses, a signal related to the volume flow through ...
Owens Robert L RL Sleep Disorders Research Program, Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2012
The passive pharyngeal critical closing pressure (Pcrit) is measured using a series of pressure drops. However, pressure drops also lower end-expiratory lung volume (EELV), which independently affects Pcrit. We describe a technique to measure Pcrit at a constant EELV. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)-treated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients and ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2012
RATIONALE: Endotracheal tube (ETT) malposition is common and an increasing number of non-invasive techniques to aid rapid identification of tube position are available. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is advocated as a tool to monitor ventilation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare EIT with five other non-invasive techniques for identifying ETT ...
Seo Dongjin - - 2012
We describe a gas-density gauge based on the analysis of the thermally-driven fluctuations of an atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever. The fluctuations are modeled as a ring-down of a simple harmonic oscillator, which allows fitting of the resonance frequency and damping of the cantilever, which in turn yields the gas ...
Halberg Franz - - 2012
To detect vascular variability anomalies (VVAs), a blood pressure and heart rate profile around the clock for at least 7 days is a start. As a minimum, measurement every 60 or preferably 30 minutes for a week is needed, to be continued if abnormality is found, to assess the about ...
Guirro Ursula Bueno do Prado UB Clinical Surgery, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. - - 2012
The induction of the general anesthesia in patients on "a full stomach" can result in regurgitation of the gastric content and pulmonary aspiration. The function of the rapid sequence induction (RSI) is to minimize the time interval between the loss of the airway protection reflexes and tracheal intubation tube balloon. ...
Janda M - - 2012
The life-threatening effects of intracranial hypertension on brain perfusion and cerebral metabolism are the subject of current research in different animal models. The purpose of this study was to describe an efficient, reliable and inexpensive surgical method for temporary elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) in acutely instrumented pigs in a ...
Dave Jaydev K - - 2012
Subharmonic-aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) is a technique that utilizes the subharmonic emissions, occurring at half the insonation frequency, from ultrasound contrast agents to estimate ambient pressures. The purpose of this work was to compare the performance of different processing techniques for the raw radiofrequency (rf) data acquired for SHAPE. A ...
Roman Sabine - - 2012
Anatomic changes induced by large hiatal hernia may alter esophageal pressure topography measurements made during high-resolution manometry. Retrospective study. Single-institution tertiary hospital. Ninety patients with large (>5 cm) hiatal hernias on endoscopy were compared with a control group of 46 patients without hernia selected from the same database of 2000 ...
Ostrander Roger V RV - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that arthroscopic repair techniques may have high recurrence rates for larger rotator cuff tears. A more anatomic repair may improve the success rate when performing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. We hypothesized that a triple-row modification of the suture-bridge technique for rotator cuff repair would result in significantly ...
Goldstein Carly M - - 2012
Meditation techniques are increasingly popular practices that may be useful in preventing or reducing elevated blood pressure. We reviewed landmark studies and recent literature concerning the use of meditation for reducing blood pressure in pre-hypertensive and hypertensive individuals. We sought to highlight underlying assumptions, identify strengths and weaknesses of the ...
Raboel P H - - 2012
Monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) has been used for decades in the fields of neurosurgery and neurology. There are multiple techniques: invasive as well as noninvasive. This paper aims to provide an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the most common and well-known methods as well as assess whether ...
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