Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 916
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Vasdev Sudesh - - 2011
Hypertension is a major health problem worldwide. Individuals with hypertension are at an increased risk for stroke, heart disease, and kidney failure. Although the etiology of essential hypertension has a genetic component, lifestyle factors such as diet play an important role. Insulin resistance is a common feature of hypertension in ...
Singer Michael A - - 2011
Evolution represents a natural experimental process for testing animal design features. Driven by environmental pressures, animals have evolved adaptations which can give valuable insights into human biomedical conditions. The giraffe by virtue of its extremely long neck has a mean arterial pressure much higher than other mammals. However, the giraffe ...
Williams Jonathan S - - 2011
A loss-of-function cytosine (C) for thymidine (T) transition at nucleotide 8590 of CYP4A11 has been associated with increased blood pressure in humans. We tested the hypothesis that CYP4A11 T8590C genotype is associated with salt sensitivity in the International Hypertensive Pathotype cohort. CYP4A11 T8590C genotype was associated with hypertension in whites. ...
Lin Dexin - - 2011
Current large animal models that could closely resemble the typical features of cirrhotic portal hypertension in human have not been well established. Thus, we aimed to develop and describe a reliable and reproducible canine cirrhosis model of portal hypertension. A total of 30 mongrel dogs were randomly divided into four ...
Li Jun - - 2011
To observe the hepatic injury induced by carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum (CDP) in rabbits, compare the effects of low- and high-pressure pneumoperitoneum, and to determine the degree of hepatic injury induced by these two clinically relevant CDP pressures. Thirty healthy male New Zealand rabbits weighing 3.0 to 3.5 kg were randomly ...
Nzietchueng Rosine - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Genome-wide linkage analysis studies reported the importance of the long arm of chromosome 13 in systolic blood pressure regulation. Therefore, isolating a genetic variant related to this chromosomal region could be challenging. Klotho KL-VS allele is located on this chromosomal region and its relationships with cardio-vascular risk ...
Rhaleb Nour-Eddine - - 2011
Autocrine, paracrine, endocrine, and neuroendocrine hormonal systems help regulate cardio-vascular and renal function. Any change in the balance among these systems may result in hypertension and target organ damage, whether the cause is genetic, environmental or a combination of the two. Endocrine and neuroendocrine vasopressor hormones such as the renin-angiotensin ...
Reginato Rosane - - 2011
This study was designed to determine whether infants generate sufficient inspiratory pressure gradient to open the unidirectional valve of various commercially available holding chambers, as well as the time required to reach this gradient. A prospective, cross-sectional study was performed of 80 healthy infants (aged 1-24 months) seen in the ...
Winder Nicola R NR MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, UK. - - 2011
To determine whether the size and shape of the placental surface predict blood pressure in childhood. We studied blood pressure in 471 nine-year-old Indian children whose placental length, breadth and weight were measured in a prospective birth cohort study. In the daughters of short mothers (<median height), systolic blood pressure ...
Gao Yuansheng - - 2011
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension of the newborn is characterized by elevated pulmonary vascular resistance and pressure due to vascular remodeling and increased vessel tension secondary to chronic hypoxia during the fetal and newborn period. In comparison to the adult, the pulmonary vasculature of the fetus and the newborn undergoes tremendous developmental ...
Ruegg Gion - - 2010
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life-threatening disease as rupture of the aneurysm is associated with high mortality. The likelihood that an AAA will rupture is particularly influenced by the diameter of the aneurysm and the rate of expansion; the reasons for fast expansion are largely unknown. Applanation tonometry (APT) ...
Corbett T J - - 2011
Migration is a serious failure mechanism associated with endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair (EVAR). The effect of vessel material properties and pulsatile wall motion on stent fixation has not been previously investigated. A proximal stent from a commercially available stent graft was implanted into the proximal neck of silicone ...
Ishibashi Hiroyuki - - 2010
Intraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement. A microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured ...
Tilney Peter - - 2010
A few days before Christmas, a flight team was activated for an interfacility transfer of a 38-year-old man with a history of hypertension and spinal stenosis diagnosed with a thoracic aortic dissection. The patient was presented to a local community hospital complaining of nearly 5 days of left-sided rib pain. ...
Matsubara Noriaki - - 2011
In coil embolization for an intracranial aneurysm, it is important to appropriately choose the coil most suitable for coping with various unforeseen situations. Additionally, because dense coil packing of the aneurysm sac is the most important factor to avoid a recurrence, properly selecting the coil is essential. In this article, ...
Ceron C S - - 2010
Increased oxidative stress and up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may cause structural and functional vascular changes in renovascular hypertension. We examined whether treatment with spironolactone (SPRL), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) or both drugs together modified hypertension-induced changes in arterial blood pressure, aortic remodelling, vascular reactivity, oxidative stress and MMP levels and activity, ...
Zhao Zhe - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Experimental animal studies of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) usually involve endotracheal intubation, which is associated with a risk of serious tracheal injury and other significant negative sequelae. We developed an animal model of pressure overload hypertrophy caused by constriction of the ascending aorta in rabbits that does ...
Babu-Narayan Sonya V - - 2011
Longer term data on efficacy and clinical endpoints relating to transcatheter endovascular stenting in adults with aortic coarctation remains limited. We hypothesised that stenting would have effects on blood pressure, presence and extent of collaterals, left ventricular (LV) mass and vascular function. Eighteen patients mean age 31.6±12.8 years were studied ...
Ni Min - - 2010
This work investigated the expression of alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) in the left ventricle and its putative role in cardiac angiogenesis in a pressure overload rat model induced by abdominal aorta coarctation. Blood pressure and protein levels of α7nAChR were measured at 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks after ...
Shamsa Kamran - - 2010
The retinal arteriolar abnormality that accompanies aortic isthmic coarctation is as distinctive as it is unique but has thus far been virtually ignored. Accordingly, 10 patients (4 men and 6 women) were recruited for a study from the Ahmanson/UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center Outpatient Clinic. Patient age at enrollment ...
Lu Yongping - - 2009
The elasticity of the ascending aorta in healthy volunteers and hypertension patients were examined by using quantitative tissue velocity imaging (QTVI), and the age-related change in the ascending aortic elasticity was investigated. The anterior and posterior walls of the ascending aorta were imaged with tissue Doppler method in all the ...
Hager A - - 2009
Patients with aortic coarctation are prone to develop arterial hypertension at various stages throughout life. There are at least three different pathophysiologic pathways: re-stenosis at the aortic isthmus, paradoxical hypertension, and late hypertension at long-term follow-up. As the most common causes of death reported for coarctation patients are linked to ...
Babin-Ebell J?rg - - 2010
Aortic cross-clamping during cardiac operations may injure the vessel wall and cause tissue lesions. This experimental study analyses the influence of the intravascular and external pressure and the duration of aortic cross-clamping on endothelial tissue damage. Fresh porcine aortas (n=20) were tested with intravascular pressures from 30 to 80 mmHg. ...
Dias N V - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study intra-aneurysm sac pressure and subsequent abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter changes in patients without endoleaks that remain unchanged in AAA diameter more than 1 year after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: A total of 23 patients underwent direct intra-aneurysm sac pressure (DISP) measurements 16 months (IQR: 14-35 ...
Wen Chih-Yung - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the western world. Complex hemodynamics plays a critical role in the development of aortic dissection and atherosclerosis, as well as many other diseases. Since fundamental fluid mechanics are important for the understanding of the blood flow in the cardiovascular ...
Kumar Gideon V Praveen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vascular support structures are important devices for treating valve stenosis. Large population of patients are treated for valvular disease and the principal mode of treatment is the use of percutaneous valvuloplasty. Stent devices are proving to be an improved technology in minimal invasive cardiac surgery. This technology now accounts ...
Sucu Murat M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS) is a common clinical problem; however, hemodynamic mechanism is not clearly understood. Aim of the present study was to investigate aortic elastic parameters of patients with NCS provoked by head-up tilt test. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We conducted a prospective study of 40 cases referred to our ...
Nagy Nadine N Institut für Pharmakologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122, Essen, - - 2010
Accumulation of biglycan, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, in the neointima precedes the retention of lipids and accumulation of macrophages during early atherosclerosis. Biglycan is therefore considered a pro-atherogenic proteoglycan that might play a key role in atherogenesis. On the other hand biglycan ensures in part establishment of stable collagen networks. ...
Giordano Ugo - - 2009
We designed our study to investigate the efficacy of a new therapeutic approach to late onset hypertension in patients after surgical repair of aortic coarctation. Several studies have shown a higher incidence of hypertension during daily activities, and during exercise, in patients after surgical correction of coarctation. To the best ...
Tang Liwen - - 2009
Stent placement has become a widely used method of treatment for coarctation of the aorta (COA). Our goal was to find echocardiographic indices that would correlate best with directly measured gradients across the coarctation stent. Pediatric patients with COA who underwent intra-aortic stent placement were evaluated. Patients with more than ...
Matsubara Noriaki - - 2009
OBJECT: In endovascular coil embolization for an intracranial aneurysm, the excessive pressure created during coil insertion into an aneurysm can cause a catastrophic rupture or dislodge a microcatheter tip from the aneurysm dome, resulting in insufficient embolization. Such undue mechanical pressure can only be subjectively detected by the subtle tactile ...
Welch Tré R - - 2009
We studied the effects of thermal treatment on the expansive characteristics of a coil-within-coil Poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) fiber stent developed at our institution to improve its mechanical performance and reproducibility. Following fabrication, furled stents were thermally treated at 62 degrees C for 25 min. The mechanical characteristics were measured compared ...
Baer Géraldine M - - 2009
Shape memory polymer stent prototypes were fabricated from thermoplastic polyurethane. Commercial stents are generally made of stainless steel or other alloys. These alloys are too stiff and prevent most stent designs from being able to navigate small and tortuous vessels to reach intracranial lesions. A solid tubular model and a ...
Figueroa C Alberto - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess 3-dimensional (3D) pulsatile displacement forces (DF) acting on thoracic endografts using 3D computational techniques. METHODS: A novel computational method to quantitate the pulsatile 3D flow and pressure fields and aortic wall dynamics in patient-specific anatomical models based on cardiac-gated computed tomography (CT) scans was used to construct ...
Kawai Makoto M Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2009
Angiotensin II receptor blockers have beneficial effects in patients with cardiac diseases. We examined the effects of an angiotensin II receptor blocker, telmisartan, on cardiac remodeling in renovascular hypertensive rats. Telmisartan was administered to renovascular hypertensive rats at either a high dose (5 mg per kg per day; high-T group) ...
Makar Ragai R - - 2009
This study assessed if emergency endovascular repair (eEVR) reduces the increase in intra-abdominal compartment pressure and host inflammatory response in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Thirty patients with ruptured AAA were prospectively recruited. Patients were offered eEVR or emergency conventional open repair (eOR) depending on anatomic suitability. Intra-abdominal ...
Woodrum David A - - 2009
To measure the elastic properties of ex vivo porcine aortas in control and hypertensive groups using a phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based elastography technique. Female domestic pigs were randomized to a normal control group (N; n=5) or a renovascular hypertension group (HT; n=5) for the duration of 3 months. ...
Kanaoka Yuji - - 2009
Low intra-aneurysm sac pressure has been shown to correlate with sac shrinkage following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) whereas high pressure results in sac enlargement. The Resilient AneuRx (RSA) has higher density Dacron compared with the standard AneuRx (STA) and was developed in an attempt to reduce type 4 and 5 ...
Burnei Gheorghe - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Renovascular hypertension in children is a very rare illness. It occurs as a result of the imbalance between hypotensive and hypertensive systems. Renal ischaemia (95% of the cases) and the shortening of hipotensive factors (5% of the cases) are responsible for the production mechanism of renovascular hypertension in children. ...
Nassr Ahmad - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An innovative treatment for thoracic insufficiency syndrome involves a vertical expansion of the chest wall through a horizontal chest wall osteotomy maintained by a distraction device (vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib or VEPTR). Upper-extremity neurovascular dysfunction has been reported after expansion. The purposes of this study are to identify ...
Sorteberg A - - 2008
Summary: HydroCoils (HES) were designed to obtain a better initial aneurysm occlusion and increased durability of endovascular treatment. We compared the immediate hydrodynamic effects of HES versus bare platinum coils (Guglielmi detachable coils, GDC). Intra-aneurysmal pressure and flow were measured with a 0.014 inch guidewire mounted transducer in silicone aneurysms ...
Swan Lorna - - 2010
Repaired coarctation of the aorta is associated with premature atherosclerosis and an increased risk of cardiovascular events even in normotensive subjects. To date clinical risk stratification has focused on brachial blood pressures ignoring the complex pulsatility of the aortic wave form. The aim of this study was to assess components ...
Iwabu Masako - - 2008
A 73-year-old woman with a 3-month history of fever of unknown origin underwent F-18 FDG positron emission tomography (PET). The serum C-reactive protein was 9.62 mg/dL. Her systolic blood pressure was 120 and 96 mm Hg in the right and left arms, respectively. FDG PET images demonstrated intense FDG uptake ...
van Prehn J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of aortic shape changes throughout the cardiac cycle can offer improved understanding of vascular pathophysiology and may have crucial impact on stentgraft design and EVAR durability. To understand underlying mechanisms of dynamic changes in aortic aneurysm (neck) morphology, the undiseased aorta has to be studied first. Objective is ...
Rosei Enrico Agabiti - - 2008
It is well recognized that angiotensin II is involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Less well recognized - until recently, at least - is its involvement in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, it is now evident that angiotensin II promotes oxidative stress, vascular remodelling, inflammation, and the formation of atherosclerotic ...
Valpreda S - - 2008
AIM: Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is the most frequent vascular complication following transplantation and is a potential curable cause of resistant hypertension, allograft dysfunction, and graft loss. Percutaneous angioplasty (PTA) is the treatment of choice, but the incidence of restenosis may be as high as 35%. Alternative treatment option ...
Kurata Mie M Department of Integrated Medicine and Informatics, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon, Ehime, - - 2008
Background: Aortic stiffness assessed by brachio-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) can be used to predict cardiovascular events. However, baPWV is dependent on blood pressure. Antihypertensive drugs have been reported to reduce baPWV; but it is difficult to determine if this effect is associated with lowered blood pressure or reduced arterial ...
Grenon S Marlene - - 2008
Aortoiliac occlusive disease may preclude retrograde thoracic endovascular aortic repair. This study evaluated the physiologic and anatomic feasibility of introducing an aortic endograft in an antegrade manner into the descending thoracic aorta of a pig through the left ventricular apex. Twelve adult pigs were to undergo antegrade endograft deployment. Under ...
van 't Veer Marcel - - 2008
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are at risk of rupture when the internal load (blood pressure) exceeds the aneurysm wall strength. Generally, the maximal diameter of the aneurysm is used as a predictor of rupture; however, biomechanical properties may be a better predictor than the maximal diameter. Compliance and distensibility are ...
Elliott William J - - 2008
Renovascular hypertension, the most common remediable cause of elevated blood pressure, is a controversial topic, but most authorities agree on several principles. The absolute risk of renovascular hypertension for a specific patient can be estimated using only clinical information, thereby sparing many patients further expensive and potentially dangerous evaluations. Patients ...
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