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Results 201 - 250 of 1020
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Houston Mark - - 2013
Vascular biology, endothelial and vascular smooth muscle, and cardiac dysfunction play a primary role in the initiation and perpetuation of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and target organ damage. Nutrient-gene interactions and epigenetics are predominant factors in promoting beneficial or detrimental effects in cardiovascular health and hypertension. Macronutrients and micronutrients can prevent, ...
Houston Mark - - 2013
Vascular biology, endothelial and vascular smooth muscle, and cardiac dysfunction play a primary role in the initiation and perpetuation of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and target organ damage. Nutrient-gene interactions and epigenetics are predominant factors in promoting beneficial or detrimental effects in cardiovascular health and hypertension. Macronutrients and micronutrients may be ...
Kim Won Young - - 2013
The accuracy of arterial blood pressure (ABP) monitoring is crucial in treating septic shock patients. Clinically significant differences in central to peripheral ABP could develop into sepsis during vasopressor therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference between radial (peripheral) and femoral (central) ABP in septic shock ...
Houston Mark - - 2013
Vascular biology, endothelial and vascular smooth muscle, and cardiac dysfunction play a primary role in the initiation and perpetuation of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and target organ damage. Nutrient-gene interactions and epigenetics are predominant factors in promoting beneficial or detrimental effects in cardiovascular health and hypertension. Macronutrients and micronutrients can prevent, ...
Nishimura Mie M Department of Medical Management and Informatics, Hokkaido Information University, Hokkaido, Japan. ; Section of Research and Development, Hokkaido Food Industry Promotion Organization, - - 2013
Asparagus ( Lú Sǔn; Asparagus officinalis L.) is a common vegetable, long used as an herbal medicine. The cladophylls and bottom-stems of asparagus have various pharmacological effects, but they are generally discarded at harvesting. The present open clinical trial was performed to examine the effects of the intake of cladophylls ...
Lv Gui-Yuan - - 2013
Flos Chrysanthemi is used in a variety of diseases in traditional Chinese medicine including hypertension, and the total flavonoids (rich in Luteolin (LUT) and Buddleoside(BUD)) of Flos Chrysanthemi is known to modulate vascular functions and reduce the blood pressure. However, the active flavonoids and their synergistic effects on anti-hypertension are ...
Burke Marilyn - - 2013
Diabetes and hypertension are the leading causes of chronic kidney disease and their incidence is increasing at an alarming rate. Both are associated with impairments in the autoregulation of renal blood flow (RBF) and greater transmission of fluctuations in arterial pressure to the glomerular capillaries. The ability of the kidney ...
Thiele Robert - - 2013
Arterial pressure-flow loops and vascular impedance provide additional data that could be used to assess the hemodynamic effects of therapeutic interventions in anesthetized patients. To evaluate the utility of such an approach, the authors sought to design a device that combines flow waveforms from an esophageal Doppler probe and pressure ...
Lampinen K H - - 2013
A history of pre-eclampsia increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity by mechanisms yet unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess whether plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels are increased 5-6 years after pre-eclamptic pregnancy and to investigate associations with pathophysiological mechanisms of cardiovascular disease: insulin sensitivity, vascular function and ...
Graham U M - - 2013
There is limited evidence on the effect of potassium supplementation on the vasculature in patients at increased cardiovascular risk. Potassium increases aldosterone and there is a strong association of hyperaldosteronism with poor cardiac outcomes. We aimed to determine whether potassium supplementation has a significant medium-term effect on aldosterone levels and, ...
Gómez-Marcos M A - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) criterion that best correlated with vascular structure and function parameters in hypertensive patients. A cross-sectional study involving 347 hypertensive patients was performed. The mean age of the subjects was 54.9±11.8 years, and 61% were male. Electrocardiography ...
Leivaditis Konstantinos - - 2013
Vascular access (VA) survival is a crucial issue associated with morbidity and mortality of patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. The development of stenosis is the major factor that leads to VA failure. Strategies for early detection of lesions within a VA system before serious complications arise are therefore crucial. The implementation ...
Denis Pierre A - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease of unknown origin. The pathological lesions that define AD would be linked to the insidious accumulation of nitrogen, having invaded the brain interstitial fluid (ISF) from the blood via the physiological cycling pool of vascular glucose transporters (GLUT-1). According to this hypothesis, the ...
Wang Jintao - - 2013
The adipocyte-derived hormone leptin is elevated in obesity and may contribute to vascular risk associated with obesity. The mechanism(s) by which leptin affects vascular disease is unclear, although leptin has been shown to increase sympathetic activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of leptin treatment on ...
Zausig York - - 2013
Recent data suggested an interaction between plasma constituents and the endothelial glycocalyx to be relevant for vascular barrier function. This might be negatively influenced by infusion solutions, depending on ionic composition, pH and binding properties. The present study evaluated such an influence of current artificial preparations. Isolated guinea pig hearts ...
Kim Ji Dae - - 2013
To examine the relationship between intra-access pressures and vascular stenosis, we measured the total (pT ) and static (pS ) pressures and the severity of stenosis before and after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). The dynamic pressure (△p) and static intra-access pressure ratios (SIAPR) were calculated. We analyzed the clinical correlation ...
Knight W David WD Department of Molecular Biology and Chemistry, Christopher Newport University, Newport News, Virginia; - - 2013
Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) increases mean arterial pressure (MAP) and FosB/ΔFosB staining in central autonomic nuclei. To test the role of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in CIH hypertension, rats were implanted with intracerebroventricular (icv) cannulae delivering losartan (1 μg/h) or vehicle (VEH) via miniosmotic pumps and telemetry devices for ...
Valero-Muñoz María - - 2013
Despite the amount of information and research on the effects of virgin olive oil and its components in cardiovascular disease, little attention has been paid to the effects of pomace olive oil, an olive oil subproduct traditionally used in Spain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ...
Nhan Tam - - 2013
Reversible and localized blood-brain barrier disruption (BBBD) using focused ultrasound (FUS) in combination with intravascularly administered microbubbles (MBs) has been established as a non-invasive method for drug delivery to the brain. Using two-photon fluorescence microscopy (2PFM), we imaged the cerebral vasculature during BBBD and observed the extravasation of fluorescent dye ...
Tomczuk K - - 2013
There are many techniques and devices for measurement and recording of arterial blood pressure. Some of them allow (enable) additionally to observe the shape of a wave of arterial pressure, which can be regarded as one of the most important diagnostic parameters of human cardiovascular system. This paper presents a ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2013
An interankle systolic blood pressure (SBP) difference has been associated with overall and cardiovascular mortality. We investigated whether an association existed between this difference and ankle-brachial index (ABI), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and echocardiographic parameters. A total of 1,059 patients referred for echocardiographic examination were included in the study. ...
Tan Can Ozan CO C. O. Tan: Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, SW052, Spaulding Hospital Cambridge, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. - - 2013
Although myogenic mechanisms have been hypothesized to play a role in cerebrovascular regulation, previous data from both animals and humans have not provided an unequivocal answer. However, cerebral autoregulation is explicitly non-linear and most prior work relied on simple linear approaches for assessment, potentially missing important changes in autoregulatory characteristics. ...
Rammos Christos - - 2013
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) show a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease with arterial stiffness, atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) exhibits proinflammatory and proatherogenic functions and has recently emerged as a major regulator of atherogenesis. Studies examining ...
Hsu Yu-Hsiang YH Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, - - 2013
This paper reports a polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic model system that can develop an array of nearly identical human microtissues with interconnected vascular networks. The microfluidic system design is based on an analogy with an electric circuit, applying resistive circuit concepts to design pressure dividers in serially-connected microtissue chambers. A long microchannel ...
Catrambone Daniel E - - 2013
Military aviators are exposed to high G environments while performing certain tactical aircraft maneuvers. G forces endured during such maneuvering have been shown to reduce mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) at eye level by 22 mmHg for every G endured, leaving the average aviator with a resting G tolerance of ...
Shin Young-Bin YB Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2013
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified 30 genetic loci that regulate blood pressure, increasing our understanding of the cause of hypertension. However, it has been difficult to define the causative genes at these loci due to a lack of functional analyses. In this study, we aimed to validate the ...
Pulgar Victor M VM Biomedical Research Infrastructure Center, Winston-Salem State University, Winston Salem, NC 27101, USA. - - 2013
Ouabain (Oua)-induced hypertension in rodents provides a model to study cardiovascular changes associated with human hypertension. We examined vascular function in rats after a long-term treatment with Oua. Systolic blood pressure was measured by tail-cuff plethysmography in male Sprague-Dawley rats treated with Oua (≈ 25 µg/d) or placebo for 8 ...
Grabow Niels - - 2013
Abstract Fully absorbable drug-eluting stent platforms are currently entering the clinical arena for the interventional treatment of coronary artery disease. This new technology also holds potential for application in peripheral vascular settings. Our study reports on the development of a sirolimus- (SIR) eluting absorbable polymer stent made from a blend ...
Tiwari Shuchita - - 2013
Hypertension is a complex interplay of interrelated etiologies, and the leading risk factor for many cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Some cardinal pathophysiological features of hypertension include enhanced vascular inflammation, vascular remodeling, vascular contractility and increased oxidative stress. It has been postulated that an imbalance between amount of antioxidants and ...
Ruane-O'Hora Therese - - 2013
The effect of intraluminal hyperglycaemia was investigated in the iliac artery of 11 anaesthetised pigs. Following isolation of a test segment, hyperglycaemic blood (40 mmol·L(-1)) caused a significant dilatation of the artery of 167 ± 208 μm (mean ± SD; n = 6, P = 0.031). Dilatations were reduced by ...
Colquhoun Douglas - - 2013
Arterial and photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveforms have been utilized to non-invasively estimate stroke volume from the pulse contour. The ability of these pulse contour devices to accurately predict stroke volume is degraded when afterload changes significantly. There is a need for a non-invasive device capable of identifying when vascular tone has ...
Wang Hongyu - - 2013
Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor for vascular diseases. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new index of arterial stiffness. In the present study, we investigated the possible risk factors involving CAVI in hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) subjects. One thousand sixty-three subjects (M/F 533/530) from Shougang Corporation Examination Center ...
Puzserova A - - 2013
This study examined nitric oxide (NO) production, oxidative load and endothelium-dependent relaxation (NO-dependent and NO-independent) in adult male borderline hypertensive (BHR) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats as compared to normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Systolic blood pressure (BP) was determined by tail-cuff. NO production was determined by conversion of [(3)H]-L-arginine. Conjugated ...
Lillie M A - - 2013
Fin whales have an incompliant aorta, which, we hypothesize, represents an adaptation to large, depth-induced variations in arterial transmural pressures. We hypothesize these variations arise from a limited ability of tissues to respond to rapid changes in ambient ocean pressures during a dive. We tested this hypothesis by measuring arterial ...
Grisk Olaf - - 2013
Arterial hypertension is a major health problem, accounting for 12 % of the global death rate. A large proportion of patients treated for high blood pressure do not reach target blood pressure values. The question arises if new antihypertensive drugs could improve present hypertension treatment. Rho-kinases (ROCKs) are ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine ...
Galleano Monica - - 2013
Studies in humans have found consumption of certain flavanoid-containing foods to be associated with improvement in endothelial function and with reduction of blood pressure (BP). (-)-Epicatechin is a compound representative of the flavanols (a subfamily of flavonoids), abundant in cocoa seeds, which is preserved during the industrialization process to chocolate. ...
Puato M - - 2013
We studied the impact of hypertension along with traditional and new cardiovascular risk factors on the structural and functional properties of arteries in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. We examined 42 PsA subjects (aged 51±9 years) stratified according to hypertensive status (19 normotensive, PsA-NT and 23 hypertensives, PsA-HT). Thirty-eight normotensive subjects ...
Martin Kimberly - - 2013
Bipolar energy ligation of vessels in surgery is common. Although rare, serious failures occur. Atherosclerosis may contribute to seal failures by altering vascular compressibility and collagen content; however, no data exist. Femoral and iliac arteries of six Yucatan swine with an identified genetic locus predisposing them to atherosclerosis were denuded ...
Ding Yan Y 1Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, 15 Dana Road, BSB Rm. 530, Valhalla, NY 10595, - - 2013
20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is a cytochrome P-450 (Cyp)-derived arachidonic acid metabolite that has been shown to increase smooth muscle contractions and proliferation, stimulate endothelial dysfunction and activation, and promote hypertension. We examined if 20-HETE contributes to microvascular remodeling in hypertension. In Sprague-Dawley rats, administration of the 20-HETE biosynthesis inhibitor HET0016 ...
Banerjee Rupak K - - 2013
In current practice, diagnostic parameters, such as fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR), are used to determine the severity of a coronary artery stenosis. FFR is defined as the ratio of hyperemic pressures distal (p ?_rh) and proximal (p ?_ah) to a stenosis. CFR is the ratio ...
Chhabra Lovely - - 2013
Orthostatic hypertension refers to an increase in the blood pressure upon assuming an upright posture. This clinical condition has been understudied and is often underappreciated in clinical practice probably because of its unfamiliarity to many clinicians including subspecialists. We report a case of severely symptomatic orthostatic hypertension in a Caucasian ...
Avolio Alberto P - - 2013
The usefulness of cardiovascular models is determined by their intended function with respect to elucidating underlying hemodynamic concepts and to enable simulations that will assist in understanding the effects of specific parameters. Models can take different forms, including mock circulatory constructs with physical components, mathematical representations of parameter space relations ...
Chen Zhihao - - 2013
A new all optical method for long term and continuous blood pressure measurement and monitoring without using cuffs is proposed by using Ballistocardiography (BCG) and Photoplethysmograph (PPG). Based on BCG signal and PPG signal, a time delay between these two signals is obtained to calculate both systolic blood pressure and ...
Hirano Hiroki - - 2013
This paper proposes a novel technique to support the monitoring of peripheral vascular conditions using biological signals such as electrocardiograms, arterial pressure values and pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveforms. In this approach, a second-order log-linearized model (referred to here as a log-linearized peripheral arterial viscoelastic model) is used to describe the ...
Chalacheva Patjanaporn - - 2013
Short-term blood pressure variability is generally attributed to the baroreflex feedback control on heart rate and systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and the mechanical effect of respiration on stroke volume. Although it is known that respiration affects sympathetic outflow and deep breaths can lead to peripheral vasoconstriction, the respiratory modulation of ...
Heffernan Kevin S KS Department of Exercise Science, Syracuse University Syracuse, New - - 2013
Exposure of the arterial wall to retrograde shear acutely leads to endothelial dysfunction and chronically contributes to a proatherogenic vascular phenotype. Arterial stiffness and increased pressure from wave reflections are known arbiters of blood flow in the systemic circulation and each related to atherosclerosis. Using distal external compression of the ...
Zhou Jianjun J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2013
Preeclampsia is a life-threatening pregnancy disorder. However, its pathogenesis remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that gestational hypoxia induces preeclampsia-like symptoms via heightened endothelin-1 (ET-1) signaling. Time-dated pregnant and nonpregnant rats were divided into normoxic and hypoxic (10.5% O2 from the gestational day 6-21) groups. Chronic hypoxia had no significant ...
Ceron Carla S - - 2013
Nebivolol and metoprolol are β1-adrenergic receptor blockers with different properties. We hypothesized that nebivolol, but not metoprolol, could attenuate prooxidant and profibrotic mechanisms of hypertension and therefore protect against the vascular remodeling associated with hypertension. Hypertension was induced in male Wistar rats by clipping the left renal artery. Six weeks ...
Kim Hyungseop - - 2013
Abstract Arterial stiffness is an important risk factor of impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic function as well as systolic dysfunction. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) can evaluate arteriosclerosis. We analyzed the relationship between arterial stiffness and diastolic function, and then compared the two ...
Westerhof Nico - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: In treatment of hypertension not only the pressure response is of interest, but also the effect on arterial parameters, for example, stiffness and resistance, is essential. We therefore reviewed what quantitative information on arterial stiffness can be obtained from pressure wave analysis. METHODS:: Using data from published large cohort ...
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