Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 998
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tan Can Ozan - - 2013
Though myogenic mechanisms have been hypothesized to play a role in cerebrovascular regulation, previous data from both animals and humans have not provided an unequivocal answer. However, cerebral autoregulation is explicitly nonlinear and most prior work relied on simple linear approaches for assessment, potentially missing important changes in autoregulatory characteristics. ...
Rammos Christos - - 2013
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) show a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease with arterial stiffness, atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) exhibits proinflammatory and proatherogenic functions and has recently emerged as a major regulator of atherogenesis. Studies examining ...
Hsu Yu-Hsiang YH Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, - - 2013
This paper reports a polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic model system that can develop an array of nearly identical human microtissues with interconnected vascular networks. The microfluidic system design is based on an analogy with an electric circuit, applying resistive circuit concepts to design pressure dividers in serially-connected microtissue chambers. A long microchannel ...
Catrambone Daniel E - - 2013
Military aviators are exposed to high G environments while performing certain tactical aircraft maneuvers. G forces endured during such maneuvering have been shown to reduce mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) at eye level by 22 mmHg for every G endured, leaving the average aviator with a resting G tolerance of ...
Shin Young-Bin YB Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, - - 2013
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified 30 genetic loci that regulate blood pressure, increasing our understanding of the cause of hypertension. However, it has been difficult to define the causative genes at these loci due to a lack of functional analyses. In this study, we aimed to validate the ...
Pulgar Victor M VM Biomedical Research Infrastructure Center, Winston-Salem State University, Winston Salem, NC 27101, USA. - - 2013
Ouabain (Oua)-induced hypertension in rodents provides a model to study cardiovascular changes associated with human hypertension. We examined vascular function in rats after a long-term treatment with Oua. Systolic blood pressure was measured by tail-cuff plethysmography in male Sprague-Dawley rats treated with Oua (≈ 25 µg/d) or placebo for 8 ...
Grabow Niels - - 2013
Abstract Fully absorbable drug-eluting stent platforms are currently entering the clinical arena for the interventional treatment of coronary artery disease. This new technology also holds potential for application in peripheral vascular settings. Our study reports on the development of a sirolimus- (SIR) eluting absorbable polymer stent made from a blend ...
Tiwari Shuchita - - 2013
Hypertension is a complex interplay of interrelated etiologies, and the leading risk factor for many cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Some cardinal pathophysiological features of hypertension include enhanced vascular inflammation, vascular remodeling, vascular contractility and increased oxidative stress. It has been postulated that an imbalance between amount of antioxidants and ...
Ruane-O'Hora Therese - - 2013
The effect of intraluminal hyperglycaemia was investigated in the iliac artery of 11 anaesthetised pigs. Following isolation of a test segment, hyperglycaemic blood (40 mmol·L(-1)) caused a significant dilatation of the artery of 167 ± 208 μm (mean ± SD; n = 6, P = 0.031). Dilatations were reduced by ...
Colquhoun Douglas - - 2013
Arterial and photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveforms have been utilized to non-invasively estimate stroke volume from the pulse contour. The ability of these pulse contour devices to accurately predict stroke volume is degraded when afterload changes significantly. There is a need for a non-invasive device capable of identifying when vascular tone has ...
Wang Hongyu - - 2013
Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor for vascular diseases. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new index of arterial stiffness. In the present study, we investigated the possible risk factors involving CAVI in hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) subjects. One thousand sixty-three subjects (M/F 533/530) from Shougang Corporation Examination Center ...
Puzserova A - - 2013
This study examined nitric oxide (NO) production, oxidative load and endothelium-dependent relaxation (NO-dependent and NO-independent) in adult male borderline hypertensive (BHR) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats as compared to normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Systolic blood pressure (BP) was determined by tail-cuff. NO production was determined by conversion of [(3)H]-L-arginine. Conjugated ...
Lillie M A - - 2013
Fin whales have an incompliant aorta, which, we hypothesize, represents an adaptation to large, depth-induced variations in arterial transmural pressures. We hypothesize these variations arise from a limited ability of tissues to respond to rapid changes in ambient ocean pressures during a dive. We tested this hypothesis by measuring arterial ...
Grisk Olaf - - 2013
Arterial hypertension is a major health problem, accounting for 12 % of the global death rate. A large proportion of patients treated for high blood pressure do not reach target blood pressure values. The question arises if new antihypertensive drugs could improve present hypertension treatment. Rho-kinases (ROCKs) are ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine ...
Galleano Monica - - 2013
Studies in humans have found consumption of certain flavanoid-containing foods to be associated with improvement in endothelial function and with reduction of blood pressure (BP). (-)-Epicatechin is a compound representative of the flavanols (a subfamily of flavonoids), abundant in cocoa seeds, which is preserved during the industrialization process to chocolate. ...
Puato M - - 2013
We studied the impact of hypertension along with traditional and new cardiovascular risk factors on the structural and functional properties of arteries in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. We examined 42 PsA subjects (aged 51±9 years) stratified according to hypertensive status (19 normotensive, PsA-NT and 23 hypertensives, PsA-HT). Thirty-eight normotensive subjects ...
Martin Kimberly - - 2013
Bipolar energy ligation of vessels in surgery is common. Although rare, serious failures occur. Atherosclerosis may contribute to seal failures by altering vascular compressibility and collagen content; however, no data exist. Femoral and iliac arteries of six Yucatan swine with an identified genetic locus predisposing them to atherosclerosis were denuded ...
Ding Yan Y 1Department of Pharmacology, New York Medical College, 15 Dana Road, BSB Rm. 530, Valhalla, NY 10595, - - 2013
20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is a cytochrome P-450 (Cyp)-derived arachidonic acid metabolite that has been shown to increase smooth muscle contractions and proliferation, stimulate endothelial dysfunction and activation, and promote hypertension. We examined if 20-HETE contributes to microvascular remodeling in hypertension. In Sprague-Dawley rats, administration of the 20-HETE biosynthesis inhibitor HET0016 ...
Banerjee Rupak K - - 2013
In current practice, diagnostic parameters, such as fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR), are used to determine the severity of a coronary artery stenosis. FFR is defined as the ratio of hyperemic pressures distal (p ?_rh) and proximal (p ?_ah) to a stenosis. CFR is the ratio ...
Chhabra Lovely - - 2013
Orthostatic hypertension refers to an increase in the blood pressure upon assuming an upright posture. This clinical condition has been understudied and is often underappreciated in clinical practice probably because of its unfamiliarity to many clinicians including subspecialists. We report a case of severely symptomatic orthostatic hypertension in a Caucasian ...
Avolio Alberto P - - 2013
The usefulness of cardiovascular models is determined by their intended function with respect to elucidating underlying hemodynamic concepts and to enable simulations that will assist in understanding the effects of specific parameters. Models can take different forms, including mock circulatory constructs with physical components, mathematical representations of parameter space relations ...
Chen Zhihao - - 2013
A new all optical method for long term and continuous blood pressure measurement and monitoring without using cuffs is proposed by using Ballistocardiography (BCG) and Photoplethysmograph (PPG). Based on BCG signal and PPG signal, a time delay between these two signals is obtained to calculate both systolic blood pressure and ...
Hirano Hiroki - - 2013
This paper proposes a novel technique to support the monitoring of peripheral vascular conditions using biological signals such as electrocardiograms, arterial pressure values and pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveforms. In this approach, a second-order log-linearized model (referred to here as a log-linearized peripheral arterial viscoelastic model) is used to describe the ...
Chalacheva Patjanaporn - - 2013
Short-term blood pressure variability is generally attributed to the baroreflex feedback control on heart rate and systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and the mechanical effect of respiration on stroke volume. Although it is known that respiration affects sympathetic outflow and deep breaths can lead to peripheral vasoconstriction, the respiratory modulation of ...
Heffernan Kevin S KS Department of Exercise Science, Syracuse University Syracuse, New - - 2013
Exposure of the arterial wall to retrograde shear acutely leads to endothelial dysfunction and chronically contributes to a proatherogenic vascular phenotype. Arterial stiffness and increased pressure from wave reflections are known arbiters of blood flow in the systemic circulation and each related to atherosclerosis. Using distal external compression of the ...
Zhou Jianjun J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, - - 2013
Preeclampsia is a life-threatening pregnancy disorder. However, its pathogenesis remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that gestational hypoxia induces preeclampsia-like symptoms via heightened endothelin-1 (ET-1) signaling. Time-dated pregnant and nonpregnant rats were divided into normoxic and hypoxic (10.5% O2 from the gestational day 6-21) groups. Chronic hypoxia had no significant ...
Ceron Carla S - - 2013
Nebivolol and metoprolol are β1-adrenergic receptor blockers with different properties. We hypothesized that nebivolol, but not metoprolol, could attenuate prooxidant and profibrotic mechanisms of hypertension and therefore protect against the vascular remodeling associated with hypertension. Hypertension was induced in male Wistar rats by clipping the left renal artery. Six weeks ...
Kim Hyungseop - - 2013
Abstract Arterial stiffness is an important risk factor of impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic function as well as systolic dysfunction. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) can evaluate arteriosclerosis. We analyzed the relationship between arterial stiffness and diastolic function, and then compared the two ...
Westerhof Nico - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: In treatment of hypertension not only the pressure response is of interest, but also the effect on arterial parameters, for example, stiffness and resistance, is essential. We therefore reviewed what quantitative information on arterial stiffness can be obtained from pressure wave analysis. METHODS:: Using data from published large cohort ...
Kalaycio─člu Ezgi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-h ABPM) is a better predictor of cardiovascular events (CVEs) than spot blood pressure (BP) measurements in hypertensive diabetic patients. In this patient group, the underlying mechanism of the relationship between a nondipper pattern determined with 24-h ABPM and increased incidence of CVE is ...
Fellahi Jean-Luc - - 2013
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to compare peripheral regional tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2) values and desaturation/resaturation rates given by INVOS and EQUANOX devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers were investigated during 4 experimental steps: baseline, hyperoxia, ischemia, and reperfusion. For each volunteer, 2 sensors INVOS and 2 sensors EQUANOX ...
Voegele Aaron C - - 2013
Abstract Vessel sealing devices effectively produce hemostatic seals with minimal thermal damage, but the strength of seals decreases as vessel diameter increases. Because vessels sealed at an angle to the vessel require a greater functional seal diameter than those sealed perpendicularly to the vessel, it was hypothesized that perpendicular seals ...
Bubb Kristen J - - 2013
A rise in intraluminal pressure triggers vasoconstriction in resistance arteries, which is associated with local generation of the vasoconstrictor 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE). Importantly, dysregulation of 20-HETE synthesis and activity has been implicated in several cardiovascular disease states, including ischemic disease, hypertension, and stroke; however, the exact molecular pathways involved in ...
Coca Antonio - - 2013
Abstract BACKGROUND: Vascular dementia (VaD) - a severe form of vascular cognitive impairment - and cognitive decline are associated with hypertension and therefore it seems logical to consider that reducing BP with anti-hypertensive therapy may protect against the development/onset of cognitive function impairment or dementia. SCOPE: This narrative, non-systematic review ...
Nilsson Peter M - - 2013
The influence of chronological ageing on the components of the cardiovascular system is of fundamental importance for understanding how hemodynamics change and the cardiovascular risk increases with age, the most important risk marker. An increase in peripheral vascular resistance associated with increased stiffness of central elastic arteries represents hallmarks of ...
Idei Naomi - - 2013
It is clinically important to estimate the degree of endothelial dysfunction. Several methods have been used to assess endothelial function in humans. Recently, we developed a new noninvasive method for measurement of vascular response to reactive hyperemia in the brachial artery, named enclosed zone flow-mediated vasodilation (ezFMD). The purpose of ...
Sips Patrick Y PY Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Thier 511B, Boston, MA - - 2013
Hypertension is an important modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, stroke, end-stage renal disease, and peripheral vascular disease, but many of the molecular mechanisms and genetic factors underlying the development of the most common forms of human hypertension remain to be defined. Abundant evidence suggests that ...
Cunha Ana Rosa - - 2013
Magnesium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension, but the role of its intracellular levels in cardiovascular diseases is not clear yet. We investigated the relationships of low concentrations of serum magnesium (sMg) and intracellular Mg (iMg) with clinical and vascular parameters. Thiazide-treated hypertensive women were separated into two ...
Chen Chao - - 2013
To observe the impact of Shijueming (Concha Haliotidis) on spontaneously hypertensive rats via blood pressure, serum calcium, vascular smooth muscle membrane L-type calcium channel alpha1 C subunit (CaL-alpha1C), plasma membrane calcium-ATPase (PMCA) mRNA expression, and the L-type calcium channel in vascular smooth muscle cells. Twelve-week-old male rats with spontaneous hypertension ...
Sharath Umesh U Indian Institute of Science, Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Bangalore 560012, - - 2013
We report a blood pressure evaluation methodology by recording the radial arterial pulse waveform in real time using a fiber Bragg grating pulse device (FBGPD). Here, the pressure responses of the arterial pulse in the form of beat-to-beat pulse amplitude and arterial diametrical variations are monitored. Particularly, the unique signatures ...
Ciobanu Andrea O AO "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania ; Cardiology Department, University Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, - - 2013
Blood pressure variability (BPV) was proved as a cardiovascular risk factor. One of its mechanisms is related to arterial stiffness and ventriculo-arterial coupling; however its impact on subclinical cardiovascular dysfunction has not been evaluated yet. To assess the relationship between BPV on 24 hours, and subclinical left ventricle (LV), ...
Synetos Andreas - - 2013
Arterial hypertension is an epidemic currently affecting almost a billion people worldwide. The consequences from high blood pressure vary, from peripheral arterial disease and chronic kidney failure to acute myocardial infarction and stroke. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules comprised of 22-26 nucleotides and provide post-transcriptional protein expression regulation. ...
Barrett K - - 2013
Hypertension is an extremely prevalent cardiovascular risk factor and current antihypertensive therapies do not adequately treat hypertension in many affected individuals. Thus a better understanding of mechanisms of hypertension could lead to novel therapies. Mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) are known to regulate blood pressure by responding to aldosterone in the kidney ...
Nwokocha Chukwuemeka R - - 2013
Apocynin is reported to have antioxidant and NADPH oxidase inhibitor activities. Cadmium toxicity is reported to causes oxidative damage, resulting in vascular dysfunction, reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) and hypertension. The study aimed to investigate the protective effects of apocynin in cadmium-induced hypertension. Thirty-six (36) adult male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Büsst Cara J - - 2013
epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) has long been recognised to play a vital role in blood pressure (BP) regulation due to its involvement in fluid balance. The genes encoding the three ENaC subunits are likewise important contributors to hypertension both in rare monogenic diseases and in the general population. The unusually ...
Flavahan Sheila S Department of Anesthesiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2013
Experiments investigated maturation of endothelial function in the postnatal period. Carotid arteries isolated from newborn (postnatal day 1, P1) to P21 mice were assessed in myographs at transmural pressure (PTM) of 20 mmHg (P1 blood pressure, BP). Acetylcholine was ineffective in P1 but powerfully dilated P7 arteries, whereas NO-donor DEA-NONOate ...
Halberg Franz F University of Minnesota Academic Health Center, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2013
Chronobiology is the study of biological rhythms. Chronomics investigates interactions with environmental cycles in a genetically coded autoresonance of the biosphere with wrangling space and terrestrial weather. Analytical global and local methods applied to human blood pressure records of around-the-clock measurements covering decades detect physiological-physical interactions, a small yet measurable ...
Kaiser Sérgio E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To test whether long-term anti-hypertensive treatment with metoprolol succinate (a β1 -adrenoceptor blocker) or olmesartan medoxomil (an angiotensin II AT1 -receptor blocker) reverses microvascular dysfunction in hypertensive patients. METHODS: This study included 44 hypertensive outpatients and 20 age and sex-matched healthy controls. We used skin capillaroscopy to measure capillary ...
Diamantouros Stefanos E - - 2013
The aim of the study was to design, construct, and test a bioreactor for the conditioning of tissue-engineered vascular grafts under physiological pressure, flow, and environmental conditions and up to supra-physiological pulse frequencies (5 Hz) as the first step towards durability testing. The system also allows the calculation of the compliance ...
Kong Xiang - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of synergistic antihypertensive effect produced by combination therapy of losartan and pioglitazone in metabolic syndrome (MS) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An MS model was induced by feeding rats a high-fat, high-sodium diet and 20% sucrose solution. Losartan (20 mg/kg/day), pioglitazone ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >