Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 916
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Eicken Andreas - - 2006
AIMS: The current study was designed to assess midterm results of stent implantation into the aorta for native and recurrent coarctation (CoA) in children and young adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-three patients (native CoA, 8; female, 12) were treated with stent implantation at a median age of 16.8 years (range ...
Olbrich T - - 2006
This study assessed the clinical and practical value of angioplasty balloon pressure-volume data, obtained by a computer-controlled balloon inflation device, during standard percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures. Stent deployment was studied for 57 lesions in 34 patients. Angiographic predilation data were available in 9 patients. Vessel lumen improvement with pre-dilation ...
Burnei Gh - - 2006
The symptomatology in renovascular hypertension in children may be sometimes misunderstood, leading to the establishment of a late diagnosis, even after the inducing disease is diagnozed. METHODS: The main types of manifestations on which the diagonsis was established: neuropsychiatric, weight loss, renal and digestive manifestations were studied in 19 patients, ...
Trocciola Susan M - - 2006
This study used a canine model of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) to compare intra-aneurysmal pressure and thrombus formation after exclusion with Dacron and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) stent-grafts. Prosthetic AAAs with implanted strain-gauge pressure transducers were treated by stent-graft exclusion using Food and Drug Administration-approved devices in 10 mongrel dogs: five ...
Dai Wangde - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether neonatal cardiomyocytes grafted into the aortic wall contract, develop pressure, and can be paced. METHODS AND RESULTS: Medium only (n = 9) or neonatal cardiomyocytes (n = 12, 5 x 10(6) cells each) were injected into the outer aortic wall in adult female Fischer rats. At ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2006
In the last few years, renal artery stenting has gradually evolved into one of the most important therapeutic modalities in the management of atherosclerotic renovascular disease. Stenting is nowadays preferred by a steadily increasing number of physicians, not only because of its significant contribution to blood pressure control, but also ...
Ellozy Sharif H - - 2006
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac shrinkage after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is considered to be evidence of clinical success. Exclusion of the sac from systemic pressure is the likely cause of shrinkage. We report our continuing clinical experience with the use of a permanently implantable, ultrasound-activated remote pressure transducer to ...
Hinnen Jan-Willem - - 2005
To clarify the effect of intraluminal thrombus on pressure transmission. A saccular aneurysm was inserted into an artificial circulation system. Subsequently, the saccular aneurysm was filled with eight different human aortic aneurysm thrombus samples. Starch solution in an empty aneurysm was used as a control. A pressure sensor measured the ...
Takagi H - - 2005
To evaluate the risk of rupture of a 77 mm thrombosed popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) in an 82-year-old woman, the aneurysm was percutaneously punctured and the intrathrombotic pressure (ITP) was measured preoperatively. The percentage of the mean ITP to the mean brachial artery pressure was 80%. The aneurysm was judged ...
Li Z - - 2005
This paper evaluates numerically coupled blood flow and wall structure interactions in a representative stented abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) model, leading potentially to endovascular graft (EVG) failure. A total of 12 biomechanical contributors to possible EVG migration were considered. The results show that after EVG insertion for the given model, ...
Trerotola Scott O - - 2005
PURPOSE: Balloon angioplasty is a mainstay in the treatment of failing or thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts and fistulas. A sizable body of outcomes data exists concerning percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in hemodialysis access, yet there is a relative paucity of technical information available, especially regarding dilation pressures. The aim of ...
Mozes Geza - - 2005
Currently, the risk of aneurysm sac rupture after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is estimated by using a group of anatomic variables. Available techniques for pressure monitoring include either direct measurement using catheter-based techniques or indirect measurement requiring implantation of a pressure sensor during aneurysm repair. None of these ...
Li Z - - 2006
Insertion of a stent-graft into an aneurysm to form a new (synthetic) blood vessel and prevent the weakened artery wall from rupture is an attractive surgical intervention when compared to traditional open surgery. However, focusing on a stented abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), post-operative complications such as endoleaks may occur. An ...
de Divitiis Marcello - - 2005
Despite successful surgical repair, aortic coarctation is associated with unfavourable prognosis mainly due to cardiovascular disease. Late timing of repair and arterial hypertension represent adverse prognostic factors. Arterial hypertension can recur after coarctation repair, despite the absence of residual obstruction, with a prevalence of up to 45%. Furthermore, even subjects ...
Huang Yi - - 2006
The hemodynamic conditions of aorta are relatively uniform prenatally and become more heterogeneous postnatally. Our objective was to quantify the heterogeneity of geometry and mechanical properties during growth and development. To accomplish this objective, we obtained a systematic set of data on the geometry and mechanical properties along the length ...
Jones David R - - 2005
Bony fishes have an elastic chamber between the heart and aorta, the bulbus arteriosus, which has unique mechanical properties. On inflation, the isolated bulbus is initially very stiff but soon becomes extremely compliant yielding a steady (plateau) pressure upon further inflation, which appears to be similar in any given species. ...
Shojima Masaaki - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inertial force of the bloodstream results in the local elevation of intravascular pressure secondary to flow impact. Previous studies suggest that this "impacting force" and the local pressure elevation at the aneurysm may have a large contribution to the development of cerebral aneurysms. The goal of the ...
Rhee Jason Y - - 2005
The clinical significance and treatment of retrograde collateral arterial perfusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms after endovascular repair (type II endoleak) have not been completely characterized. A canine abdominal aortic aneurysm model of type II endoleak with an implanted pressure transducer was used to evaluate the use of polyurethane foam to ...
Agnoletti Gabriella - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Primary implantation of stents is an accepted technique for treating aortic recoarctation, albeit that the effects of stenting on pressure profiles, carotid mechanical properties, intimal medial thickness, and reflection of the pulse wave have not been systematically investigated. METHODS: Over the period from 1 January, 1999, to 31 December, ...
Imbesi Steven G - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:To improve the safety and efficacy of liquid embolization, we evaluated changes in pressures in experimental aneurysms. METHODS:We created three replicas of a lateral sidewall aneurysm and placed them in a physiologic flow circuit. A 3 x 10-mm nondetachable balloon was positioned in the parent vessel across the ...
Timaran Carlos H - - 2005
We have previously shown that type II endoleak size is a predictor of aneurysm growth after aortic endografting. To better understand this observation, we investigated the influence of endoleak size on pressure transmitted to the aneurysm wall and its distribution within the aneurysm sac. In an ex vivo model, an ...
Vaziri N D - - 2005
Aorta coarctation results in hypertension (HTN) in the arterial tree proximal to stenosis and, as such, provides an ideal model to discern the effects of different levels of blood pressure on the vascular tissue in the same animal. Compelling evidence has emerged supporting the role of oxidative stress as a ...
Golzarian Jafar - - 2005
Endoleak, also called leakage, leak, and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance since endoleak is associated with pressurization (increases pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of ...
Ozer Harun - - 2005
We report the case of a 43-year-old man who underwent endovascular treatment for posterior inferior cerebellar aneurysm. Significant hemodynamic changes were observed as electric stimulation was applied during coil detachment for a PICA aneurysm. We postulate that changes in heart rate and blood pressure during coil detachment were due to ...
Mousa Albeir - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The clinical significance of Type 2 endoleak after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) remains incompletely delineated. This study describes the development of a novel canine model that allows for continuous monitoring of intraaneurysmal pressure in the setting of Type 2 endoleak. METHODS: Infrarenal AAA were created in ...
Volodos Sergiy M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate if the forces developed by pulsatile flow on a stent-graft and dimensional changes of the graft material might contribute to distal endoleak and stent-graft kinking. METHODS: An in vitro experimental model was used to measure the peak displacement force developed by pulsatile flow pressure on the distal ...
Sindhu Ram K - - 2005
Abdominal aortic coarctation above the renal arteries leads to severe hypertension above the stenotic site and provides a model for simultaneous testing of the effects of increased and decreased pressure and consequently shear stress in the same animal. The effects of increased pressure, per se, on oxidative stress and antioxidant ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2005
In a case of thrombosed abdominal aortic aneurysm, intraluminal and intrathrombotic pressures were simultaneously measured 3 cm distal to the left renal vein level (#1), at the inferior mesenteric artery level (#2) (3 cm distal to #1), 3 cm distal to #2 (#3), and at the aortic bifurcation level (#4) ...
Anfelter Peter - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The clinical effects of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty (PTRA) in patients with renal vascular stenosis and hypertension is controversial. METHODS: We consecutively recruited all 23 patients referred for evaluation of renovascular hypertension that eventually underwent unilateral PTRA, to be investigated with captopril MAG3 renography (CR), both before and ...
Manikoth Prakash - - 2005
Coarctation of aorta is the most common cardiovascular cause of secondary hypertension. The condition is correctable although early diagnosis is often not made. We report the case of a 9-year-old child who was admitted with severe intractable abdominal pain as the presenting symptom of post-subclavian coarctation of aorta with hypertension. ...
Ilic D - - 2005
This paper is related to the measurements of the modulus of elasticity of an artery by studying the deformations due to the inflation of an angioplasty balloon catheter used for Interventional Radiology (IR) procedures. Various types of balloons are studied in order to characterize and compare their behaviors at the ...
Claridge Martin - - 2005
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) have been shown to retard aneurysm growth in animal models. In vitro studies have shown an inhibitory effect of NSAIDS on matrix metalloproteinase-9, interleukin-1beta, and IL-6 mediated arterial wall elastolysis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of NSAIDs on arterial stiffness, a ...
Heerman Jan R - - 2005
We studied whether combined pressure and transesophageal ultrasound monitoring is feasible in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting for global cardiovascular hemodynamic monitoring [systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and total arterial compliance (C(PPM))] and direct estimation of local ascending and descending aortic mechanical properties, i.e., distensibility and compliance coefficients (DC and ...
Beecroft J Robert - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess the outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement as the primary treatment for transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of PTA and stent placement procedures performed for TRAS from April 1997 to July 2003 was conducted. Reviewed parameters included technical ...
Vriend Joris W J - - 2005
AIMS: The significance of mild residual descending aortic narrowing in post-coarctectomy patients is not known. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of mild residual descending aortic narrowing on blood pressure and vascular damage in patients after repair of aortic coarctation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 107 consecutive ...
Dayal Rajeev - - 2004
The clinical significance of retrograde collateral arterial perfusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms after endovascular repair (type II endoleak) has not been completely characterized. In this study a canine model was used to analyze intra-aneurysmal pressure, thrombus histologic characteristics, endoleak patency, and radiographic appearance of type II endoleaks originating from single ...
Guerreiro Nilton Eduardo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Small aneurysms (lesser than 2 mm) in humans called sessile, baby aneurysms, or microaneurysms, generally are not able to be clipped or to be coil-packed through endovascular route. Among the modalities of treatment that have been used for treating microaneurysms, bipolar coagulation and wrapping of the lesion are outstanding. ...
Dias Nuno V - - 2004
Direct intra-aneurysm sac pressure measurement with percutaneous translumbar puncture is a new method for follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a tip-pressure sensor system for intra-aneurysm pressure measurement in an in vitro aneurysm model and in vivo in patients by studying intraobserver variability. ...
Chaudhuri A - - 2004
PURPOSE: To ascertain the nature of the pressure wave transmitted through aneurysm thrombus and the changes produced after endovascular repair and the development of type I and II endoleaks. METHODS: A 25 mm Talent endovascular graft was deployed in a latex model of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, which was incorporated ...
Vega Elenia - - 2004
We have studied, in the rat, the dendritic morphological changes of the pyramidal neurons of the medial part of the prefrontal cortex induced by the chronic effect of high blood pressure. Renovascular hypertension was induced using a silver clip on the renal artery by surgery. The morphology of the pyramidal ...
Misfeld Martin - - 2004
PURPOSE: Current replacement of the thoracic aorta performed with straight vascular prostheses may cause kinking, potentially affecting hemodynamics and promoting vortices and thrombus formation. A novel vascular prosthesis, resistant to pressure-related shape deformation, was designed to imitate the curved anatomy of the thoracic aorta. DESCRIPTION: A woven velour prosthesis was ...
Ellozy Sharif H - - 2004
Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) prevents rupture by excluding the aneurysm sac from systemic arterial pressure. Current surveillance protocols after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) follow secondary markers of sac pressurization, namely, endoleak and sac enlargement. We report the first clinical experience with the use of a ...
Long Anne - - 2004
Expansion of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is due to remodeling of the parietal extra-cellular matrix and may lead to rupture. This remodeling is reflected by compliance which may be an indicator of AAA behavior and thus useful for clinicians. Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) is an ultrasonographic modality which allows wall ...
Milner Ross - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate whether a remote, miniaturized pressure sensor could maintain calibration and function through organized thrombus over an extended period in a porcine model of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Six adult pigs had an AAA surgically created and excluded. A sensor zeroed to atmospheric pressure was placed within ...
Diaz Sergio - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable in vivo porcine model of type II endoleak resulting from endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), for the study and treatment of type II endoleak. Eight pigs underwent creation of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm, with a Dacron patch with preservation of ...
Cabrera Fischer Edmundo I - - 2004
This study was designed to compare the effects of juxtaaortic balloon counterpulsation (JABC), performed in ascending aorta and the aortic arch, with those yielded by intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) in descending aorta, in experimental animals during induced cardiac failure. JABC was achieved with a manufactured Dacron prosthesis and a balloon ...
Dias Nuno V - - 2004
Our objective was to study intra-aneurysm pressure after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in shrinking, unchanged, and expanding abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) with and without endoleaks. Direct intra-aneurysm sac pressure measurement (DISP) by percutaneous translumbar puncture of the AAA under fluoroscopic guidance was performed 46 times during the follow-up of 37 ...
Bagaté Karim - - 2004
Epidemiological and clinical studies suggest that air pollution, in particular ambient particulate matter (PM), increases mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Several in vivo studies have shown an increase of blood pressure by PM, but so far the mechanism or responsible particle-component has not been elucidated. We exposed small ...
Sorteberg Angelika - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alterations in intra-aneurysmal pressure and flow have been observed after treatment with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs). We wished to determine whether these changes could be assigned to a hydrodynamic effect of the coils themselves or a compound effect of coils plus thrombus formation. METHODS: Intra-aneurysmal pressure and ...
Trerotola Scott O - - 2004
The authors retrospectively reviewed the use of ultrahigh-pressure angioplasty balloons at atmospheric pressures at or above the manufacturer recommended burst pressure (30 atm) for the treatment of resistant hemodialysis-related venous stenosis at their institution. In seven of 87 procedures, high-pressure angioplasty (up to 27 atm) was unsuccessful. By coupling new ...
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