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Byrd James Brian JB Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, 20-209 W, 2800 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2800, USA, - - 2014
In the USA, hypertension affects one in three adults, and anxiety disorders are the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorders. Both hypertension and anxiety have been studied extensively. Yet, a full understanding of anxiety's relationship to hypertension has been elusive. In this review, we discuss the spectrum of anxiety disorders. ...
Batisky Donald L DL Pediatric Hypertension Program, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory - Children's Center, 2015 Uppergate Drive North East, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of neonatal hypertension (HTN) remains low, at less than 2%, and its etiology is varied. Strict definitions of HTN in neonates are unavailable, and the decision to treat is based on opinion rather than evidence. More studies are needed to define normal blood pressure in neonates and to ...
Iyer Dushyant D The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
To investigate screening variables identifying patients at risk of developing intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after cardiac surgery. Prospective observational study in a tertiary general intensive care unit. One hundred and eight patients admitted to the ICU after cardiac surgery, with measurements of intraabdominal pressure (IAP). Routinely collected clinical, physiological and biochemical ...
Porter Angela K AK Charles George VA Medical Center, Asheville, NC 28805. - - 2014
Two-thirds of Americans who are prescribed antihypertensive medications are not at a blood pressure (BP) goal of less than  140/90 mmHg, and low adherence is identified as a primary cause of inadequate control. Improved adherence to antihypertensive medications has been shown to enhance BP control and reduce the risk of ...
Rowan Christopher G CG American Medical Group Association, Alexandria, VA, - - 2014
To describe initial antihypertensive management relative to important aspects of JNC7 hypertension guidelines, to identify predictors of receiving JNC7 discordant therapy, and to determine the association between receiving JNC7-concordant antihypertensive treatment and achieving blood pressure (BP) control. This study focused on aspects of the JNC7 guidelines which are consistent with ...
Hill Michael R MR Center for Cardiovascular Simulation, Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 201 East 24th Street, University Station, C0200, POB 5.236, Austin, TX, 78712-0027, - - 2014
Right ventricular (RV) failure in response to pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a severe disease that remains poorly understood. PH-induced pressure overload leads to changes in the RV free wall (RVFW) that eventually results in RV failure. While the development of computational models can benefit our understanding of the onset and ...
Sonter Jennifer J aSchool of Health Sciences bPriority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, New South Wales, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability of automated devices for the measurement of toe systolic blood pressure (TSBP) and the toe brachial index (TBI). Toe and brachial systolic blood pressures were measured in 40 participants by two podiatrists using SysToe and MicroLife automated devices. Intraclass ...
Rosa-Bray M M Grifols Plasma Operations, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Donor plasmapheresis involves the removal of a weight-adjusted volume of plasma and the return of cellular components to the donor. Although plasma volume generally returns to normal, some residual effect on vital signs may be possible. This analysis was performed to determine the possible effects of plasmapheresis on blood pressure. ...
Olzowy Bernhard B 1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Rostock Medical Center , Rostock, Germany - - 2014
Abstract Olzowy, Bernhard, Simon Abendroth, Gregor von Gleichenstein, Klaus Mees, and Klaus Stelter. No evidence of intracranial hypertension in trekkers with acute mountain sickness when assessed noninvasively with distortion product otoacoustic emissions. High Alt Med Biol 15:000-000, 2014.-Aims: The role of intracranial hypertension in acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a ...
Heifetz Eliyahu M EM Department of Accounting and Data Management, Lev Academic Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism was found to be associated with hypertension. High blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, gestational hypertension, and high-risk pregnancy. BP is a complex trait strongly associated with blood lipid parameters. However, studies of the effect of MTHFR C677T polymorphism on ...
Gee Marianne E ME Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
Surveillance and monitoring of cardiovascular risk factors including raised blood pressure are critical to informing efforts to prevent and control cardiovascular disease. Yet, many countries lack the capacity for adequate national surveillance. Furthermore, hypertension indicators are often reported in different ways, which hampers the ability to compare and assess progress. ...
Liu Wenjin W Center for Kidney Disease, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Although ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring (ABPM) is often considered to have an advantage over dialysis unit blood pressure (BP) in dialysis patients, the exact relationship between these two measurements of BP has not been well determined. In a cohort of 90 Chinese dialysis patients, agreement between dialysis unit BP ...
Mejia-Lancheros Cilia - - 2014
Hypertension and depression are both important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Nevertheless, the association of blood pressure on and depression has not been completely established. This study aims to analyze whether depression may influence the control of blood pressure in hypertensive individuals at high cardiovascular risk. Cross-sectional study, embedded within ...
Dobrowolski Piotr P Department of Congenital Heart Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland; - - 2014
Diastolic dysfunction has been shown to be an independent factor of cardiovascular diseases in patients with hypertension. Very often, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and metabolic syndrome (MS) coexist with resistant hypertension (RHTN) and may lead to diastolic dysfunction. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether OSA and ...
Kumar Rahul R Functional Genomics Unit, CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi, India; Present address: Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado (R.K.); Department of Pediatrics, Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California (T.S.); Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran - - 2014
This study investigates the contribution of genetic interactions between the β-2 adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) genes to the complex etiology of hypertension. Using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, we studied potential interactions between ADRB2 and NOS3 variants and their correlation with clinical, biochemical, and expression levels ...
White Laura H LH aSleep Research Laboratory, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute bCentre for Sleep Medicine and Circadian Biology of the University of Toronto cDepartment of Medicine of the University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital and Mount Sinai Hospital dLunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital eFaculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertension frequently coexist, and both are associated with higher night-time than daytime urine sodium excretion rate (UNaV). However, the relative contribution of each condition is unknown. We compared the circadian pattern of UNaV in hypertensive and normotensive patients with and without OSA. Hypertensive [blood pressure ...
Sharma Prashant P Mayo Clinic, Hospital - - 2014
Hypertension is a major public health problem and despite adequate pharmacological treatment, blood pressure remains uncontrolled in a subset of patients with hypertension. Renal sympathetic denervation is a percutaneous catheter-based treatment for select patients with resistant hypertension. In this article, we discuss the development of this intervention, its role in ...
Kario Kazuomi K From the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke, Japan (K.K.); Keio University, Yokohama, Japan (I.S.); The Life Planning Center Foundation, Tokyo, Japan (T.K.); Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Medical Science Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan (S.T.); Daiichi Sankyo Co, Ltd, Tokyo, Japan (Y.I., Y.M., F.K.); and Shin-Oyama City Hospital, Oyama, Japan (K.S.). - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between on-treatment morning home blood pressure (HBP) and incidence of cardiovascular events using data from the Home Blood Pressure Measurement With Olmesartan Naive Patients to Establish Standard Target Blood Pressure (HONEST) study, a prospective observational study of 21 591 outpatients with essential hypertension ...
Crichton Georgina E GE From the Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia (G.E.C.); Centre d'Etudes en Santé, Centre de Recherche Public Santé, Strassen, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (G.E.C.); Department of Psychology (M.F.E., R.V.T., M.A.R.) and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and Engineering (M.F.E., M.A.R.), University of Maine, Orono; and Behavioral Epidemiology Section, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD (G.A.D.). - - 2014
The objective was to investigate the association between variability in blood pressure (BP) and cognitive function for sitting, standing, and reclining BP values and variability derived from all 15 measures. In previous studies, only sitting BP values have been examined, and only a few cognitive measures have been used. A ...
Fok Henry H From the British Heart Foundation Centre (H.F., A.G., S.B., B.J., Y.L., P.C.) and Division of Imaging Sciences and Biomedical Engineering (S.E., J.A.), King's College London, London, United Kingdom; and Guy's and St Thomas Foundation Trust Hospital, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
Pulsatile components of blood pressure may arise from forward (ventricular generated) or backward wave travel in the arterial tree. The objective of this study was to determine the relative contributions of forward and backward waves to pulsatility. We used wave intensity and wave separation analysis to determine pulsatile components of ...
Li Edmond Ck EC Island Medical Program, University of British Columbia, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Coronation Annex, 1952 Bay Street, Victoria, BC, Canada, - - 2014
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are widely prescribed for primary hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg). However, while ACE inhibitors have been shown to reduce mortality and morbidity in placebo-controlled trials, ARBs have not. Therefore, a ...
Malem David N DN Victor Horsley Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery , Queen Square, London , - - 2014
Introduction. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a shunt- reversible syndrome of the elderly. Shunt management is aimed at achieving a balance between clinical improvement and the complications associated with overdrainage. Although clinical improvement occurs at low pressure, these benefits may be negated by the increase in complication rates observed ...
Sheppard James P JP aNuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford bNational Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford cPrimary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham dSchool of Psychology, Darwin Building, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire ePrimary Care Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire fSchool of Medicine, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton gInstitute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University College London (UCL) and National Institute for Health Research UCL Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, London, - - 2014
Identification of people with lower (white-coat effect) or higher (masked effect) blood pressure at home compared to the clinic usually requires ambulatory or home monitoring. This study assessed whether changes in SBP with repeated measurement at a single clinic predict subsequent differences between clinic and home measurements. This study used ...
Yu Huimin H Department of Cardiology, Guangdong General Hospital, China; Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, China - - 2014
The polymorphic angiotensinogen (AGT) gene is one of the most promising candidates for essential hypertension. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the A-6G variant of the AGT gene and the blood pressure response to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in hypertensive subjects. Five hundred and nine ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S ES Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) is a cornerstone in resistant hypertension (RHT) management. However, it has higher cost and lower patients' acceptance than home BP monitoring (HBPM). Our objective was to evaluate HBPM usefulness in the management of patients with RHT. A total of 240 patients were submitted to ...
Neuhauser Hannelore K HK aDepartment of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute bDZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), Berlin, - - 2014
Oscillometric blood pressure (BP) measurement devices are increasingly replacing standard mercury sphygmomanometers and generalizability of validation studies to other environments, for example, national survey environments, is assumed. We compared BP measurements according to two highly standardized German national survey BP protocols: a standard mercury sphygmomanometer and an oscillometric device, Datascope ...
Huang Minxuan M Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Decreased kidney function and kidney damage may predate hypertension, but only a few studies have investigated both types of markers simultaneously, and these studies have obtained conflicting results. Cross-sectional for prevalent and prospective observational study for incident hypertension. 9,593 participants from the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study, aged 53-75 ...
Hajjar Ihab I Division of Geriatrics and General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga., - - 2014
Background: Hypertension is associated with cognitive deficits, particularly executive function, and decreased cerebral microvascular responsiveness to CO2 (CO2 vasoreactivity). The relation between CO2 vasoreactivity and executive function is not known. Protocols to assess CO2 vasoreactivity are cumbersome and require inhaling a CO2-enriched gas. We explored the ability to measure CO2 ...
Mohan Bishav B Department of Cardiology, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital Unit, Hero DMC Heart Institute, Ludhiana 141001, Punjab, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension is directly responsible for 57% of all stroke deaths and 24% of all coronary heart disease deaths in India. Appropriate blood pressure measurement techniques are the cornerstone of clinical acumen. Despite the clear guidelines on BP measurement technique, there seems to be large inter-observer variations. A prospective, observational study ...
Wang Huanlin H Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8582, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of splenectomy in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Adult-to-adult LDLTs (n = 276) were divided into those with simultaneous splenectomy during LDLT (Splenectomy group, n = 154) and those without (Non-Splenectomy group, n = 122). In the Splenectomy group, splenectomy decreased the portal venous pressure ...
Almas Aysha A Department of Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, - - 2014
Diuretics are the recommended antihypertensive by several international guidelines. This study was designed to determine the association of hyponatremia in hypertensive patients on diuretic therapy. This was a case control study conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi in adult inpatients (> 18 years) who were known hypertensive. Cases ...
Jae Sae Young SY Department of Sport Science, University of Seoul, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that blood pressure (BP) increase before exercise stress testing is associated with the incidence of hypertension in a prospective study of 3,805 normotensive men without hypertension at baseline. Changes in BP were defined as the difference between seated BP at ...
Saneei P P Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Findings were not consistent on the therapeutic effect of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on blood pressure. We aimed to review systematically and perform a meta-analysis to assess the magnitude of the effect of the DASH diet on blood pressure in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) among adults. We ...
Fujisaki Kiichiro K Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
It is unknown whether the use of diuretics is optimal over other antihypertensive agents in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) whose blood pressure remains uncontrolled despite treatment with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors. In this study, we assessed the additive effects of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on reducing proteinuria in CKD patients ...
Sumbria Minakshi M Senior Resident, Department of Pharmacology, IGMC, Shimla, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension is often complicated by increased arterial stiffness and is an independent predictor of adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcome. Beta blockers and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are commonly used antihypertensive agents. The effect of beta blockers and ARBs on arterial stiffness has not been compared adequately. The aim of the present ...
Shantakumari Nisha N Asst. Professor, Department of Physiology, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, P.O. Box: 4184, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension affects more than a quarter of the global adult population. Studies conducted worldwide suggest an overall small, yet useful, role of omega-3 PUFAs in reducing blood pressure in hypertensive patients. However there is no substantial data in this regard from population based in Middle East and Asia. To determine ...
Mas-Heredia Minerva M Centro de Salud Les Corts, Consorci d'Atenció Primària de Salut Eixample (CAPSE), Barcelona, - - 2014
Blood pressure measurement methods and conditions are determinants of hypertension diagnosis. A recent British guideline recommends systematic 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. However, these devices are not available at all health centers and they can only be used by 1 patient per day. The aim of this study was to ...
Kovács Katalin Réka KR Department of Neurology, Clinical Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension and dyslipidemia belong to the most prevalent modifiable risk factors for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Hereby, we aimed to examine the combined effects of newly diagnosed hypertension and hyperlipidemia on the characteristics of the arterial wall and on cognitive function. We examined 72 hypertensive and 85 apparently healthy individuals. ...
Greiner Sebastian S Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (S.G., A.J., M.A., A.H., T.H., S.H., H.A.K., - - 2014
Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is an important marker in cardiovascular disorders, being closely associated with morbidity and mortality. Noninvasive assessment by Doppler echocardiography is recommended by current guidelines. So far, the reliability of this method has been assessed only in small studies with contradictory results. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Eccher Claudio C Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, - - 2014
In the last years, there has been a growing interest in health mobile applications. Great benefits could be gained by seemingly "simple" solutions if these were designed to build a bridge between doctors and patients. In this paper, we describe a mobile health solution for patients allowing them to measure ...
Ghamami Niousha N Biology and Pharmacology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S - - 2014
Calcium channel blockers are a heterogeneous class of drugs, including dihydropyridine and non-dihydropyridine subgroups, commonly used in the treatment of hypertension. A systematic review of the 24-hour time course of the blood pressure-lowering effect has not been published. To assess how much variation there is in hourly systolic and diastolic ...
Barrios Vivencio V Department of Cardiology, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, - - 2014
Combined therapy is required in the majority of patients with hypertension to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets. Although different antihypertensive drugs can be combined, not all combinations are equally effective and safe. In this context, the combination of a renin angiotensin system inhibitor with a diuretic, usually a thiazide, particularly ...
Kadoya Manabu M Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, - - 2014
Basic studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has critical roles in the survival, growth, maintenance, and death of central and peripheral neurons, while it is also involved in regulation of the autonomic nervous system. Furthermore, recent clinical studies have suggested potential role of plasma BDNF in the circulatory ...
El Bcheraoui Charbel C Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, - - 2014
Current data on hypertension in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are lacking. We conducted a national survey to inform decision-makers on the current magnitude of the epidemic. We measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 10,735 Saudis aged 15 years or older and interviewed them through a national multistage survey. ...
Guha Santanu - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring provides a more reliable assessment of actual BP than office BP and is a more sensitive risk predictor of clinical cardiovascular outcomes. Recent international guidelines for hypertension have emphasised the usefulness of ambulatory BP for diagnosis and management of hypertension. We used ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ...
Silva Aline Riquena da - - 2013
Pressure increase in the portal venous system, caused by reduction of blood supply to the liver, develops collateral circulation of splanchnic vessel that reaches the venous system of superior vena cava. The spleen works as an auxiliary capacitance system which compensates the increase in portal pressure that may cause splenomegaly. ...
Ikegami Toru T Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of splenectomy in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using left lobe grafts. The two hundred and fifty LDLT cases were divided into two groups: Group-S (n = 98, simultaneous splenectomy) and Group-NS (n = 152). Group-S had significantly increased recipient age (54.5 ...
Requarth Jay Anthony - - 2012
Proximal splenic artery embolotherapy can be used as an adjunct to nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury (BSI); however, the hemodynamic changes in the distal splenic artery after proximal splenic artery occlusion are unknown. A retrospective review of 48 patients who underwent transient occlusion of the proximal splenic artery with ...
Liu Jianhua - - 2012
The spleen is a solid organ in which splenomegaly frequently develops and to which abdominal blunt trauma occurs. In this study, we demonstrated the potential therapeutic effect of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) combined with prothrombin to disrupt splenic circulation. A high-pressure-amplitude therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) device was used to treat 36 surgically ...
Bertoloni Meli Domenico - - 2012
Starting from the works by Aselli (De lactibus sive lacteis venis, 1627) on the milky veins and Harvey (1628, translated in 1993) on the motion of the heart and the circulation of the blood, the practice of vivisection witnessed a resurgence in the early modern period. I discuss some of ...
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