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Fujisaki Kiichiro K Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
It is unknown whether the use of diuretics is optimal over other antihypertensive agents in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) whose blood pressure remains uncontrolled despite treatment with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors. In this study, we assessed the additive effects of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on reducing proteinuria in CKD patients ...
Silva Aline Riquena da - - 2013
Pressure increase in the portal venous system, caused by reduction of blood supply to the liver, develops collateral circulation of splanchnic vessel that reaches the venous system of superior vena cava. The spleen works as an auxiliary capacitance system which compensates the increase in portal pressure that may cause splenomegaly. ...
Ikegami Toru T Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of splenectomy in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using left lobe grafts. The two hundred and fifty LDLT cases were divided into two groups: Group-S (n = 98, simultaneous splenectomy) and Group-NS (n = 152). Group-S had significantly increased recipient age (54.5 ...
Requarth Jay Anthony - - 2012
Proximal splenic artery embolotherapy can be used as an adjunct to nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury (BSI); however, the hemodynamic changes in the distal splenic artery after proximal splenic artery occlusion are unknown. A retrospective review of 48 patients who underwent transient occlusion of the proximal splenic artery with ...
Liu Jianhua - - 2012
The spleen is a solid organ in which splenomegaly frequently develops and to which abdominal blunt trauma occurs. In this study, we demonstrated the potential therapeutic effect of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) combined with prothrombin to disrupt splenic circulation. A high-pressure-amplitude therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) device was used to treat 36 surgically ...
Bertoloni Meli Domenico - - 2012
Starting from the works by Aselli (De lactibus sive lacteis venis, 1627) on the milky veins and Harvey (1628, translated in 1993) on the motion of the heart and the circulation of the blood, the practice of vivisection witnessed a resurgence in the early modern period. I discuss some of ...
Sumiyoshi Akira - - 2012
The simultaneous recordings of neuronal and hemodynamic signals have revealed a significant involvement of high frequency bands (e.g., gamma range, 25-70Hz) in neurovascular coupling. However, the dependence on a physiological parameter is unknown. In this study, we performed simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recordings in 12 ...
Steinmann William C - - 2011
Practice guidelines recommend home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in the management of hypertension. We surveyed generalists and subspecialists regarding HBPM attitudes and practices in hypertensive patients. Both use HBPM for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but question the evidence regarding HBPM efficacy. Standardized implementation and monitoring methods to improve HBPM practices ...
Leitão Cristiane B - - 2011
To estimate the daytime ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) value corresponding to the target office blood pressure (BP; 130/80 mmHg) for diabetic patients and to identify which patients with diabetes may benefit from ABPM. A cross-sectional study was conducted with type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. ABPM (Spacelabs90207) and ...
Bilo Grzegorz - - 2011
Little is known about the effects of cardiovascular drugs at high altitude. To assess 24-h blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during short-term altitude exposure in healthy normotensive persons treated with carvedilol or nebivolol. Participants were randomized in double-blind to placebo, nebivolol 5 mg once daily or carvedilol 25 ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2010
Despite the increasing use of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in daily practice and the growing awareness in the scientific community about its positive impact on the diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients with high blood pressure (BP), the potential advantages offered by HBPM have not yet been fully exploited. ...
Lloberes Patricia - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is common in patients with resistant hypertension, but understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms linking both conditions is limited. This study assessed the prevalence of OSA and the relationships between OSA and 24-h blood pressure (BP) in 62 consecutive patients with resistant hypertension, defined as clinic BP ...
Myers Martin G - - 2010
To examine the possibility of measuring automated office (AO) blood pressure (BP) using home BP recorders in place of the more expensive, fully automated devices designed specifically for professional use. Three groups of 100 patients each had five AOBP readings recorded with one of three home BP devices while resting ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring is increasingly used in the evaluation of hypertensive patients. The ability to monitor BP throughout the day and night allows the detection of abnormal nocturnal BP patterns, the most common being a "nondipping" pattern, which is associated with increased cardiovascular risk; its correction appears to ...
Svensson Per - - 2010
In patients with acute heart failure (HF) there is an inverse relation between blood pressure (BP) and mortality but the prognostic impact of the change in BP between admission and discharge is not known. The primary objective was to study the impact of the change in BP during a hospitalisation ...
Vinyoles Ernest - - 2010
The use of diagnostic criteria based on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) values could improve prognostic value by incorporating night BP, minimize biases and improve the diagnostic reproducibility of isolated clinic hypertension (ICH). We estimate the 24-h BP cut-off points that best discriminate and predict the two diagnostic thresholds of ...
Shaw John - - 2011
Home blood pressure (BP) monitoring is gaining increasing popularity among patients and may be useful in hypertension management. Little is known about the reliability of stroke patients' records of home BP monitoring. To assess the reliability of home BP recording in hypertensive patients who had suffered a recent stroke or ...
Cahan Amos - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) assessment may be vulnerable to bias by increased BP variability. Uncertainty in determining BP control is inherent to the clinic setting. We analyzed a registry of 3949 patients referred for ambulatory BP monitoring. The difference between clinic and ambulatory readings was plotted against ambulatory BP variability, assessed ...
Grassi Guido - - 2011
Aims Limited information is available on office and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) control as well as on cardiovascular (CV) risk profile in treated hypertensive patients living in central and eastern European countries. Methods and results In 2008, a survey on 7860 treated hypertensive patients followed by non-specialist or specialist physicians ...
Bacon Simon L - - 2010
Impedance cardiography is a technique commonly used in psychophysiological studies. However, concerns about the utility of full circumferential band electrodes (FB) have been raised. The current study was designed to compare FB with a three-quarter circumferential band configuration (PB). A total of 47 participants (66% female, mean [SD] age=20.4 [3.0] ...
Peixoto Aldo J - - 2010
To review recent developments in the field of hypertension in hemodialysis patients. Despite the fact that hypertension is the most common complication of end-stage kidney disease, no evidence-based blood pressure (BP) targets exist for hemodialysis patients. There is growing evidence that outcomes are better predicted by out-of-office BP values, such ...
Komatsubara Issei - - 2010
Based on well-established physiological theories, we studied correlations between changes in brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) relative to blood pressure (BP) elevation (elasticity of large-to-medium-sized arteries), and coronary artery disease (CAD). The baPWV (in centimeters/second) and BP (in millimeters of mercury) were determined in 101 patients before, during, and/or after ...
Lager Kate - - 2010
Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and long-term disability in the western world, accounting for 5% of the UK health budget. Consequently, it has been the major focus of recent healthcare advances. Physiological disturbances are common following an acute stroke, chiefly blood pressure (BP) abnormalities (high and 'relatively' low ...
Lira Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti - - 2010
Incidence of preoperative rise in blood pressure (BP) in cataract surgery among hypertensive and normotensive patients. To study the incidence of preoperative rise in BP in cataract surgery among normotensive individuals and hypertensive patients with historic good BP control in a population without other major chronic diseases. Settings: Ophthalmology Service ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2012
In contrast to patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; HFREF) the prognostic role of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) in patients with HF and preserved LVEF (HFPEF) is not well known. The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship between ...
Syrseloudis Dimitrios - - 2011
Both blood pressure (BP) non-dipping and nighttime hypertension have been associated with accelerated target-organ damage (TOD). However, increased nighttime BP in subjects with a dipping circadian BP profile has never been reported or associated with TOD. Here, we investigated the relationships of nighttime BP with indices of vascular and kidney ...
Tarumi T - - 2011
There is an increasing recognition that central aortic pressure is more relevant than brachial measure for the prediction and pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. Central pressure is influenced by the phenomenon of arterial wave reflections returning from the peripheral vasculature, which can be quantified by augmentation index. Accordingly, the primary aim ...
Ko Youngchai - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated blood pressure (BP) is commonly observed in acute ischemic stroke and is known to be associated with hemorrhagic transformation (HT). However, the effect of BP variability on the development of HT is not known well. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with acute ischemic stroke, who ...
Hu Wei - - 2011
An 11-yr-old boy with acute fulminant myocarditis was treated with routine medical therapy (antibiotics, inotropic and vasosactive agents, etc.) for 5 days, but exacerbated. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was initiated 39 h after admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). Twenty-four hrs after ECMO, urine volume and blood pressure (BP) improved ...
Weber Cynthia A CA Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, - - 2010
Pharmacist-physician comanagement of hypertension has been shown to improve office blood pressures (BPs). We sought to describe the effect of such a model on 24-hour ambulatory BPs. We performed a prospective, cluster-randomized, controlled clinical trial, enrolling 179 patients with uncontrolled hypertension from 5 primary care clinics in Iowa City, Iowa. ...
Obayashi Konen - - 2011
The pathophysiology of the hemodynamic responses to postural stress in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) remains to be elucidated. The aim of the study was to evaluate hemodynamic responses after tilt reversal in FAP. Systolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were analyzed in the baseline, 70° upright position, ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2011
Specific features of the 24 h-blood pressure (BP) pattern are linked to the progressive injury of target tissues and risk of cardiac and cerebrovascular events. Studies have consistently shown an association between blunted asleep BP decline and increased incidence of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. Thus, there is growing interest ...
Weijs B - - 2010
Masked hypertension is normal blood pressures (BP) in a clinical setting and high BP during ambulatory monitoring. Although these patients are at higher cardiovascular risk, there is still no clear consensus definition of masked hypertension.
Fan Hong-Qi - - 2010
We and other investigators previously reported that isolated nocturnal hypertension on ambulatory measurement (INH) clustered with cardiovascular risk factors and was associated with intermediate target organ damage. We investigated whether INH might also predict hard cardiovascular endpoints. We monitored blood pressure (BP) throughout the day and followed health outcomes in ...
Erden Ismail - - 2010
Prolongation of the QRS complex on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) has been shown to be predictive of cardiovascular outcomes in selected populations. A 'nondipper' blood pressure (BP) profile is currently regarded as a risk factor in its own right for cardiovascular events and target organ damage. The predictive value of ...
Lozano Lourdes - - 2010
This controlled trial assessed the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on blood pressure (BP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and resistant hypertension (RH). We evaluated 96 patients with resistant hypertension, defined as clinic BP at least 140/90 mmHg despite treatment with at least three drugs at ...
Zuo Jun-Li - - 2010
Pulse wave analysis using the SphygmoCor system allows the estimation of central blood pressures (BP). However, there is controversy over its accuracy for clinical use. In 45 patients undergoing coronary angiography, we compared the ascending aorta BPs measured by the invasive catheter with the estimations by the SphygmoCor system, using ...
Wang Mei-Yeh - - 2010
Although the predictor role of ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) for cardiovascular risk has been shown, the question of whether AASI is a measure of arterial stiffness or, in fact, reflects influence of other origins on the arterial tree remains to be determined. We sought to elucidate whether AASI is ...
Bassareo Pier Paolo - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP), probably related to the loss of arterial elasticity, frequently arises in patients affected by Williams syndrome (WS). This study aimed at proving that arterial compliance, evaluated by automated recording of the QKd interval, was lower even in young normotensive patients with WS than in a control ...
Mesquita-Bastos José - - 2010
We investigated the cardiovascular (CV) prognostic value of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and blood pressure (BP) during the six 4-h periods of the 24-h ABP length in a cohort of 1200 Portuguese hypertensive patients (aged 51±12 years) without earlier CV events. The presence of CV events were followed for ...
Oh Il-Young - - 2010
Efonidipine hydrochloride, an L- and T-type dual calcium channel blocker, is suggested to have a heart rate (HR)-slowing action in addition to a blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of efonidipine on HR and BP in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. In a ...
Murakami Shougo - - 2011
Seasonal variations in blood pressure (BP) have often been attributed to meteorological factors, especially changes in outdoor temperature. We evaluated the direct association between meteorological factors and circadian BP variability. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP was monitored continuously for 7 days in 158 subjects. Mean awake, asleep, morning (first 2 h after ...
Leite M L C - - 2011
Data from a cross-sectional population-based study carried out in the town of Bollate (Milan) were used to verify whether there is an age-modulated relationship between the components of blood pressure (BP) and plasma uric acid and fibrinogen levels. Changes in uric acid and fibrinogen levels in relation to diastolic BP ...
Cadeddu Christian - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of permanent vagal stimulation on cardiovascular system, 10 patients, affected by drug-resistant epilepsy with no primitive cardiovascular pathologies, were assessed prior to VNS surgery. A complete echocardiographic study [conventional and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)], 24-h blood pressure (BP) monitoring and HRV evaluation were performed. The above ...
Johansson Jouni K - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the determinants of home morning and evening blood pressure (BP) differences in general population. We studied a representative sample of the general Finnish adult population with 1919 study subjects, aged 41-74 years. Study subjects underwent a clinical interview, clinical examination and home ...
Wang Y Claire YC Department of Health Policy and Management, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, - - 2011
To compare the long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 3 approaches to managing elevated blood pressure (BP) in adolescents in the United States: no intervention, "screen-and-treat," and population-wide strategies to lower the entire BP distribution. We used a simulation model to combine several data sources to project the lifetime costs and ...
Idiaquez Juan - - 2011
An effective baroreflex and autonomic pathways normally ensure that blood pressure (BP) is satisfactorily maintained, despite various stimuli in daily life that include postural changes. We describe a 20-year-old man with a cerebellar hematoma and acute hydrocephalus, who had a vermian and partial right cerebellar hemisphere resection followed by orthostatic ...
Kramer Caroline K - - 2011
Minor blood pressure (BP) alterations detected by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was associated with microvascular disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). We examined whether a previously described afternoon BP peak is linked to hypertension status and associated with microvascular complications. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 207 type 2 ...
Maggi Roberto - - 2010
We thought to evaluate feasibility of continuous non-invasive blood pressure monitoring during procedures of interventional electrophysiology. We evaluated continuous non-invasive finger blood pressure (BP) monitoring by means of the Nexfin device in 22 patients (mean age 70 ± 24 years), undergoing procedures of interventional electrophysiology, in critical situations of hypotension ...
Poon Leona C Y LC Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, - - 2011
To examine the performance of screening for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and to compare systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, and mean arterial pressure (MAP) measured by validated automated devices in a large population of pregnant women at 11-13 weeks. We recorded maternal variables and measured BP by automated devices ...
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