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Zhang Jun J Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Southern Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension indicates that the blood pressure cannot reach the target value despite standard drug treatment, which harbors an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. The role of the carotid sinus in regulating blood pressure has long been observed; thereby, the idea that treating resistant hypertension by stimulating carotid baroreceptors emerged. ...
Dashti Majid M Anesthesiology Department, Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, IR - - 2014
Tracheal intubation can be associated with considerable hemodynamic changes, particularly in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. The GlideScope(®) video-laryngoscope (GVL) is a novel video laryngoscope that does not need direct exposure of the vocal cords, and it can also produce lower hemodynamic changes due to lower degrees of trauma and stimuli ...
Mas-Heredia Minerva M Centro de Salud Les Corts, Consorci d'Atenció Primària de Salut Eixample (CAPSE), Barcelona, - - 2014
Blood pressure measurement methods and conditions are determinants of hypertension diagnosis. A recent British guideline recommends systematic 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. However, these devices are not available at all health centers and they can only be used by 1 patient per day. The aim of this study was to ...
Kovács Katalin Réka KR Department of Neurology, Clinical Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension and dyslipidemia belong to the most prevalent modifiable risk factors for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Hereby, we aimed to examine the combined effects of newly diagnosed hypertension and hyperlipidemia on the characteristics of the arterial wall and on cognitive function. We examined 72 hypertensive and 85 apparently healthy individuals. ...
Ulu Sena Memnune SM Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University; Afyonkarahisar-Turkey. - - 2014
The lack of nocturnal decline in blood pressure (BP) is associated with an increase in cardiovascular events. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is an uncomfortable feeling in which the patient wants to budge the legs with ache in the legs. RLS also increases the hypertension and cardiovascular risk. In this study, ...
Uçar Hakan H Clinic of Cardiology, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital; Adana-Turkey. - - 2014
Morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) is an independent predictor of atherothrombotic cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. There is evidence from studies supporting the validity of mean platelet volume (MPV) as a marker of vascular risk and predictor of thrombotic complications. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship ...
Her Ae Young AY Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University; Chuncheon-Republic of Korea. - - 2014
Home blood pressure (HBP) measurements are known as an important adjunct to office blood pressure (OBP) measurements in clinical practice. But little is known about the relationship between HBP and subclinical target organ damage (TOD) other than left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). So we investigated the relationship of HBP measurements with ...
Bond Vernon V Department of Health, Human Performance and Leisure Studies, and the Cancer Center Physical Medicine and Nutrition Laboratory, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that beetroot juice (BJ) decreases systolic blood pressure (SBP) and oxygen demand. This study tests the hypothesis that a beetroot juice (BJ) treatment increases heart rate variability (HRV) measured by the average standard deviation of normal-normal electrocardiogram RR intervals (SDNN) and the low frequency (LF), mainly ...
Zhou Lihong L Department of Human Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, - - 2014
Various retinal injuries induced by ocular hypertension have been shown to induce plastic changes in retinal synapses, but the potential regulatory mechanism of synaptic plasticity after retinal injury was still unclear. A rat model of acute ocular hypertension was established by injecting saline intravitreally for an hour, and elevating the ...
Bueche Celine Z CZ Department of Neurology, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany ; German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) Magdeburg, - - 2014
There is substantial controversy regarding the causative role of amyloid β (Aβ) deposition in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The cerebrovasculature plays an important role in the elimination of Aβ from the brain and hypertension is a well-known risk factor for AD. In spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP), an animal model of ...
Gumińska Magdalena - - 2014
To assess the efficacy and tolerability of latanoprost in the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension associated with Graves' ophthalmopathy. Prospective interventional case series. 28 patients (19 females and 9 males) aged from 31 to 68 (mean age 45.5 +/- 5.6), presenting with diagnosis of Graves' ophthalmopathy and intraocular pressure ...
de Oliveira Dietrich Cristiano - - 2014
Hyperactivity of sympathetic nervous system is one of the main mechanisms to play a role in the pathophysiology of hypertension. Its high prevalence and the low rates of adequate blood pressure control with pharmacological treatment brought interest to novel therapeutical strategies. Percutaneous renal sympathetic denervation emerged as an effective and ...
Ladner Travis R TR Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
Aseptic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is rare and may clinically masquerade as a carotid cavernous fistula. Conventional management includes oral anticoagulation, but cases of ocular hypertension affecting vision may require more aggressive intervention. We report a case of a woman with spontaneous bilaterally occluded cavernous sinuses with elevated intraocular pressure ...
Saberi Isfeedvajani Mohsen M 1. Assistant Professor, Medicine, Quran and Hadith Research Center and Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Background Hypertension is a risk factor for life threatening diseases such as cerebrovascular accidents, coronary artery diseases, congestive heart failure and chronic renal failure. The prevalence of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension and diabetes including obesity has increased over the past few years in Iran. The first step for modification ...
de Abreu-Silva Erlon Oliveira - - 2014
Hypertension is a well established cardiovascular risk factor and its deleterious effects had already been largely studied. Although the benefits of adequate blood pressure (BP) control have already been demonstrated, the prevalence of persons who fail to achieve such control is alarming. A number of causes for uncontrolled hypertension can ...
Adeoye Abiodun M AM 0000-0002-0175-1768 Department of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, - - 2014
Background. Certain hypertension subtypes have been shown to increase the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and may be related to specific underlying genetic determinants. Inappropriate characterization of subtypes of hypertension makes efforts at elucidating the genetic contributions to the etiology of hypertension largely vapid. We report the hypertension subtypes ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon AY Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension is a highly prevalent problem worldwide, affecting at least one third of the adult general population. Although the exact prevalence is uncertain, it is estimated that at least 15% to 20% of individuals with hypertension have resistant hypertension. Resistant hypertension has been shown to predict more adverse cardiovascular and ...
Liu Chengyu C School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China; Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, United - - 2014
An early return of the reflected component in the arterial pulse has been recognized as an important indicator of cardiovascular risk. This study aimed to determine the effects of blood pressure and sex factor on the change of wave reflection using Gaussian fitting method. One hundred and ninety subjects were ...
Romero César A CA Hospital Privado, Córdoba, Argentina; Instituto de Investigación Médica "Mercedes y Martin Ferreyra," INIMEC-CONICET, Córdoba, - - 2014
Patients with resistant hypertension belong to a very high cardiovascular risk group and have a high prevalence of target organ damage. Microalbuminuria and low estimated glomerular filtration rate are associated with resistant hypertension, and could be a cause and/or complication of hypertension. In this review, we explore the relationship between ...
Sárkány Péter P Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University of Debrecen, Medical and Health Science Centre, Nagyerdei krt. 98, H-4032 Debrecen, - - 2014
Peritoneal insufflation results in hemodynamic changes during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of the present work is to test whether non-invasive applanation tonometry is suitable for reflecting these hemodynamic alterations. 41 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomies were monitored using the SphygmoCor pulse wave analysing system. Peripheral blood pressures (PBP), central aortic blood ...
Khan Abdul Hye AH Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Wisconsin Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) contribute to blood pressure regulation leading to the concept that EETs can be therapeutically targeted for hypertension and the associated end organ damage. In the present study, we investigated anti-hypertensive and kidney protective actions of an EET analog, EET-B in angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced hypertension. EET-B was ...
Huang Ling-Ling LL Department of Pharmacology, Basic Medical College, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China ; Cancer Hospital, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Science, Hefei 230031, - - 2014
Increase in evidence shows that the role of kidney injury in hypertension is important. Xinji'erkang (XJEK), a Chinese herbal formula, has been identified as an effective preparation in the treatment of coronary heart disease and myocarditis. We have previously demonstrated that XJEK attenuate oxidative stress and hypertension target organ damage. ...
Mendelson Monique M Univ Grenoble Alpes, HP2 laboratory, Grenoble, France ; Inserm U1042, HP2, Grenoble, France ; CHU Grenoble, HP2, Grenoble, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with hypertension, which is one of the intermediary mechanisms leading to increased cardiovascular morbidity. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of a combination of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and telemedicine support on blood pressure (BP) reduction in high cardiovascular risk OSA ...
White William B WB Division of Hypertension and Clinical Pharmacology, Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The epidemiology, evaluation, and management of severe and resistant hypertension in the United States (US) are evolving. The American Society of Hypertension held a multi-disciplinary forum in October 2013 to review the available evidence related to the management of resistant hypertension with both drug and device therapies. There is strong ...
Judd Eric K EK University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Resistant hypertension is a clinically distinct subgroup of hypertension defined by the failure to achieve blood pressure control on optimal dosing of at least 3 antihypertensive medications of different classes, including a diuretic. The pathophysiology of hypertension can be attributed to aldosterone excess in more than 20% of patients with ...
Madanat Hala H Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego Prevention Research Center, 9245 Sky Park Court, Suite 221, San Diego, CA 92123. E-mail: hmadanat@mail.sdsu.edu. This author is also affiliated with the San Diego Prevention Research Center and the Institute for Behavioral and Community Health of the San Diego State University Research Foundation, San Diego, - - 2014
Although Latinos have lower hypertension rates than non-Latino whites and African Americans, they have a higher prevalence of undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension. Research on predictors of hypertension has mostly focused on intrapersonal factors with no studies assessing the combined influence of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. The purpose of this ...
Kadoya Manabu M Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, - - 2014
Basic studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has critical roles in the survival, growth, maintenance, and death of central and peripheral neurons, while it is also involved in regulation of the autonomic nervous system. Furthermore, recent clinical studies have suggested potential role of plasma BDNF in the circulatory ...
Chadha Davinder D Department of Cardiology, MH (CTC), Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
A 70-year-old woman on four antihypertensive drugs including diuretics presented with accelerated hypertension and acute pulmonary oedema. She had a bounding brachial pulse with feeble femoral pulses. A 256 slice CT scan revealed the presence of severe diffuse thoracoabdominal atherosclerosis. Cardiac catheterisation revealed 125 mm Hg gradient across the atherosclerotic segment at ...
Ghamami Niousha N Biology and Pharmacology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S - - 2014
Calcium channel blockers are a heterogeneous class of drugs, including dihydropyridine and non-dihydropyridine subgroups, commonly used in the treatment of hypertension. A systematic review of the 24-hour time course of the blood pressure-lowering effect has not been published. To assess how much variation there is in hourly systolic and diastolic ...
Ma Heather Ting HT Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, - - 2014
Blood pressure is one important risk factor for stroke prognosis. Therefore, continuous monitoring of blood pressure is crucial for preventing and predicting stroke. However, current blood pressure devices are mainly air-cuff based, which only can provide measurements intermittently. This study proposed a new blood pressure estimation method based on the ...
Zaleski Amanda L AL Henry Low Heart Center, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT 06102, USA ; University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, - - 2014
Statins are the most widely prescribed and effective medication for reducing low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Statins may also lower resting blood pressure (BP); however, results are inconsistent. We sought to determine if the maximum dose of atorvastatin reduces resting BP and the peak systolic BP (SBP) achieved on a graded ...
Greiner Sebastian S Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (S.G., A.J., M.A., A.H., T.H., S.H., H.A.K., - - 2014
Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is an important marker in cardiovascular disorders, being closely associated with morbidity and mortality. Noninvasive assessment by Doppler echocardiography is recommended by current guidelines. So far, the reliability of this method has been assessed only in small studies with contradictory results. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Hu Shuai-Shuai SS Institute of Microcirculation, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Beijing, China ; Key Lab. of Microcirculation, National Health and Family Planning Commission - - 2014
The study aims to find a new biomarker in hypertension. Our study is the first time to demonstrate that the CD62P small microparticle (diameter is <0.5 um) was a new microparticle population and a new biomarker in hypertension.
Makridakis Spyros S Neapolis University of Pafos (NUP), Cyprus and INSEAD, - - 2014
High blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension (HTN) is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Despite this fact, there is widespread agreement that the treatment of HBP, over the last half century, has been a great achievement. However, after the release of the ...
Koibuchi Nobutaka - - 2014
It remains to be elucidated whether dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor can ameliorate cardiovascular injury in salt-sensitive hypertension. The present study was undertaken to test our hypothesis that linagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, administration initiated after onset of hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy can ameliorate cardiovascular injury in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive rats (DS rats). ...
Burnier Michel M Service of Nephrology and Hypertension, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
A small proportion of the treated hypertensive population consistently has a blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg despite a triple therapy including a diuretic, a calcium channel blocker, and a blocker of the renin-angiotensin system. According to guidelines, these patients have so-called resistant hypertension. The prevalence of this clinical ...
Herrera Victoria L VL Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Multiple clinical studies show that arterial stiffness, measured as pulse wave velocity (PWV), precedes hypertension and is an independent predictor of hypertension end organ diseases including stroke, cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease. Risk factor studies for arterial stiffness implicate age, hypertension and sodium. However, causal mechanisms linking risk factor ...
Jin Chun-Na CN Division of Cardiology, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of - - 2014
Resistant hypertension is associated with adverse clinical outcome in hypertensive patients. However, the prognostic significance of resistant hypertension in patients with heart failure remains uncertain. The 1 year survival and heart failure re-hospitalization rate of 1288 consecutive patients admitted to a university hospital for either newly diagnosed heart failure or ...
Boyle Suzanne M SM Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a well-documented association between erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and hypertension in chronic kidney disease. Studies suggest that the mechanism for this is multifactorial. First, some chronic kidney disease patients may have a limited ability to accommodate a rapid increase in red cell volume because of a decreased glomerular filtration ...
Lonjaret Laurent L Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Clinique des eaux claires, Baie-Mahault, - - 2014
Perioperative blood pressure management is a key factor of patient care for anesthetists, as perioperative hemodynamic instability is associated with cardiovascular complications. Hypertension is an independent predictive factor of cardiac adverse events in noncardiac surgery. Intraoperative hypotension is one of the most encountered factors associated with death related to anesthesia. ...
Boubouchairopoulou Nadia N Department of Health Economics, National School of Public Health, Athens, - - 2014
This study aims at estimating the resources consumed and subsequent costs for hypertension management, using home blood pressure (BP) monitoring (HBPM) alone versus combined clinic measurements and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (C/ABPM). One hundred sixteen untreated hypertensive subjects were randomized to use HBPM or C/ABPM for antihypertensive treatment initiation and ...
Tenekecioglu Erhan E Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Cardiology Bursa, - - 2014
Hypertension (HT) and prehypertension (preHT) were independent predictors of cardiovascular diseases. Urinary albumin leakage is a manifestation of generalized vascular damage. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a vasoactive peptide secreted by left ventricle in response to myocytic stretch. We aimed to investigate relationship between microalbuminuria (MA) and BNP in untreated ...
Malaty John J Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2014
A 46-year-old African-American man with a history of hypertension, end-stage kidney disease (on haemodialysis) and previous cocaine misuse presented to the emergency room with a sudden onset of severe headache and diaphoresis without other neurological or cardiovascular signs/symptoms. He checked his blood pressure at home and found it to be ...
Pusuroglu Hamdi H Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Background Elevated mean platelet volume may reflect presence of active large platelets, which lead to fatal or non-fatal cardiovascular events. In recent studies, lack of nocturnal blood pressure fall was presented as an independent predictor of poor prognosis in essential hypertension. The relation of raised MPV with left ventricular hypertrophy ...
Eccher Claudio C Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, - - 2014
In the last years, there has been a growing interest in health mobile applications. Great benefits could be gained by seemingly "simple" solutions if these were designed to build a bridge between doctors and patients. In this paper, we describe a mobile health solution for patients allowing them to measure ...
Zhu Pengli P Department of Geriatric Medicine, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fujian Provincial Institute of Clinical Geriatrics, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the correlation between quantitative retinal vascular parameters such as central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) and retinal vascular fractal dimension (D(f)), and cardiovascular risk factors in the Chinese Han population residing in the in islands of southeast China. In this cross-sectional study, fundus photographs were collected ...
Hür Ender E Division of Nephrology, Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, - - 2014
Objectives. Hypertension and hypervolemia relationship was proven among renal disease, although it is not known in normal population. Present study determines the fluid distribution defects in relation to blood pressure. Material and Methods. In a population-based survey in Turkey demographics, height, weight, blood pressure, urine analysis, and serum creatinine measurements ...
Jone Pei-Ni PN Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora, CO , - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can be a rapidly progressive and fatal disease. Although right heart catheterization remains the gold standard in evaluation of PH, echocardiography remains an important tool in screening, diagnosing, evaluating, and following these patients. In this article, we will review the important echocardiographic parameters of the right heart ...
Tang Na N Department of Pathophysiology/Key Laboratory of Education Ministry of Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Medical College of Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China - - 2014
Background We aimed to study the association between cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and hypertension in Kazakh and Han populations from Xinjiang Province, China. Material and Methods We analyzed data on 800 Kazakhs (467 hypertension patients and 333 healthy control participants) and 800 Hans (482 hypertension patients and 318 healthy control participants) ...
Kıvrak Yüksel Y Department of Psychiatry, Kafkas University School of Medicine, 36000 Kars, - - 2014
Venlafaxine is the first antidepressant that acts via inhibiting serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake. Hypertension is observed in doses exceeding 300 mg/day and is the most feared complication. We report a patient with accelerated hypertension after venlafaxine use observed at a dose of 150 mg/day. A 23-year-old patient with symptoms of insomnia, depression, ...
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