Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2712
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Doyle Joseph - - 2010
The impact of a hypertension awareness and educational program, BP DownShift, was evaluated among school bus drivers in a southern US state. At baseline (August 2007), blood pressure (BP) measurements, self-reported demographics, and hypertension awareness and management practices were collected from drivers who consented to participate in the study. Interventions ...
Brennan Troyen T Aetna, Hartford, Connecticut, - - 2010
African Americans have a higher prevalence of hypertension and poorer cardiovascular and renal outcomes than white Americans. The objective of this study was to determine whether a telephonic nurse disease management (DM) program designed for African Americans is more effective than a home monitoring program alone to increase blood pressure ...
Agyemang Charles - - 2010
We compare patterns of blood pressure (BP) and prevalence of hypertension between white-Dutch and their South-Asian and African minority groups with their corresponding white-English and their South-Asian and African ethnic minority groups; and the contribution of physical activity, body sizes, and socioeconomic position (SEP); and the quality of BP treatment ...
Kabutoya Tomoyuki T Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, - - 2010
There have been few reports on the relationship between variation in the diurnal pulse rate (PR) in relation to a nondipper blood pressure (BP) pattern and cardiovascular events in elderly hypertensives. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was conducted at baseline in 811 older Japanese hypertensives (clinical BP >140/90 mm Hg; age ...
Cornelissen V A - - 2011
We reported previously that two otherwise identical training programs at lower (LI) and higher intensity (HI) similarly reduced resting systolic blood pressure (BP) by approximately 4-6 mmHg. Here, we determined the effects of both programs on BP-regulating mechanisms, on biomarkers of systemic inflammation and prothrombotic state and on the heart. ...
Hansen Tine W - - 2010
In previous studies, of which several were underpowered, the relation between cardiovascular outcome and blood pressure (BP) variability was inconsistent. We followed health outcomes in 8938 subjects (mean age: 53.0 years; 46.8% women) randomly recruited from 11 populations. At baseline, we assessed BP variability from the SD and average real ...
Duchateau François-Xavier - - 2010
Guidelines for advanced life support of cardiac arrest (CA) emphasize continuous and effective chest compressions as one of the main factors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) success. The use of an automated load distributing chest compression device for CPR is promising but initial studies on survival show contradictory results. The aim ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2010
Evidence suggests that resistin, a recently described protein, is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in different clinical settings. In this study, we investigated the relationship of increased resistin levels with urinary albumin excretion, expressed as the albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), an established index of diffuse vascular damage, in hypertensives. Our population consisted ...
Campbell P P Division of Hypertension and Clinical Pharmacology, Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, - - 2010
Although it is known that reproducibility of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) is superior to office BP in middle-aged subjects, little is known in older age groups. Hence, we compared the long-term reproducibility of ambulatory and office BP readings in subjects over the age of 75 years. A cohort of 72 ...
Gherghel Doina - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the occurrence of transient cardiac ischaemic episodes and variations in the ambulatory 24-h blood pressure and heart rate measurements in a group of unselected glaucoma patients. DESIGN: Prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four consecutive glaucoma patients and 23 age-matched controls were included in the present study. ...
Pickering Thomas G - - 2010
This American Society of Hypertension position paper focuses on the importance of out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement for the clinical management of patients with hypertension and its complications. Studies have supported direct and independent associations of cardiovascular risk with ambulatory BP and inverse associations with the degree of BP reduction ...
Querques M - - 2010
Hypertension confers higher cardiovascular (CV) risk in hemodialysis (HD) patients, perhaps because patients with CKD have a high burden of traditional cardiovascular risk factors in addition to a range of non-traditional risk factors such as anemia, left ventricular hypertrophy, inflammation and abnormal metabolism of calcium and phosphate. Potentially beneficial therapies ...
Octavio Jos? A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Conventional calculation of mean 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP), SBP and DBP based on the average of all BP readings disregards the fact that a larger number of measurements is usually scheduled during the daytime than at night, an imbalance possibly leading to an overestimation of 24-h average BP. ...
Bryan Shirley S Physical Health Measures Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6. - - 2010
Directly measured blood pressure (BP) data have not been collected in Canada since the Canadian Heart Health Surveys, conducted between 1985 and 1992. Because hypertension is often asymptomatic, a large proportion of those with the condition are unaware of it. These analyses use BP and heart rate (HR) data from ...
Lee Sang-Ah SA Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 600, IMPH, Nashville TN 37203-1738, - - 2010
The prevalence of hypertension has increased over the past decade in many developed and developing countries, including China. This increase may be associated with changes in lifestyle, including dietary patterns. We evaluated the association of dietary patterns with blood pressure (BP) by using data from a large, population-based cohort study ...
Yasui Daisaku - - 2010
Several observational studies have shown that treated hypertensives are characterized as having worse prognosis than nonhypertensives. However, there is little evidence based on home blood pressure (home BP) measurement. We compare the risk of stroke between untreated individuals and those taking antihypertensive medication based on home BP and casual-screening BP ...
Zou Ding - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Pulse wave attenuation, which occurs in association with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is sympathetically mediated. We compared the effect of Doxazosin (DO, a peripheral alpha-receptor inhibitor) and Enalapril (EN, an ACE inhibitor) on digital vasoconstriction and nocturnal blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive OSA patients. METHODS: A double-blind, crossover study ...
Medina-Remón A - - 2011
Dietary factors are critical for the prevention and treatment of hypertension, but data on the effects of specific nutrients on blood pressure (BP) are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between total polyphenol excretion (TPE) in urine, as an objective measurement of total polyphenol intake ...
McGowan N - - 2010
The European Society of Hypertension (ESH), the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Society of Hypertension (ASH) have published guidelines for self-monitoring of blood pressure (SBPM). We aimed to demonstrate the equivalence of SBPM with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in the assessment of hypertension. A total of 87 ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2010
Median BP obtained over a single dialysis treatment can diagnose hypertension among hemodialysis patients. Whether median BP is as useful to track change in BP is unknown. Among patients participating in the dry-weight reduction in hypertensive hemodialysis patients (DRIP) trial, interdialytic ambulatory BP was recorded at baseline, 4 weeks, and ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2011
Elevated blood pressure (BP) during childhood and adolescence is not so rare and increases the risk of hypertension in adulthood. Physical activity (PA) is considered a key component for the prevention and treatment of hypertension in children and adolescents. Thus, the purpose of our study was to assess the level ...
Agarwal P K - - 2010
The practice of deferring phacoemulsification procedure on recording raised blood pressure (BP) in the immediate perioperative period is based on the perception of increased intraoperative risk. The significance of perioperative BP recordings on the surgical complications during phacoemulsification procedure was evaluated. Hairmyres Hospitals, Lanarkshire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust. Patients were ...
Tomfohr Lianne L Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, Mail Code 0804, La Jolla, CA 92093-0804, USA. - - 2010
To investigate whether an association exists between experiences of everyday discrimination and blood pressure (BP) dipping in a biracial sample of black and white adults. Attenuated nocturnal BP dipping is closely linked to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Self-reported experiences of everyday discrimination have also been associated with negative cardiovascular health ...
Doshi Hardik - - 2010
Arm size can affect the accuracy of blood pressure (BP) measurement, and "undercuffing" of large upper arms is likely to be a growing problem. Therefore, the authors investigated the relationship between upper arm and wrist readings. Upper arm and wrist circumferences and BP were measured in 261 consecutive patients. Upper ...
Saini Monica - - 2010
Hypertension is the most prevalent of the modifiable risk factors for stroke. The benefits of blood pressure (BP) lowering on primary and secondary prevention of stroke are undeniable. Despite this, BP control in hypertensive individuals and patients with prior cerebrovascular events is suboptimal. Noncompliance, inappropriate antihypertensive usage and under-utilization of ...
Pierdomenico Sante D - - 2010
We reviewed the literature on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (focusing on organ damage progression, prognosis, white coat hypertension, and masked hypertension) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). In the text we reported 21 articles about T2DM and 11 about MetS, part of which were included ...
Ashkar Ziad M - - 2010
Hypertension is very common in dialysis patients. Disorders of mineral metabolism have been linked to vascular calcification and hypertension in dialysis. Fifty-four hemodialysis patients were included in a cross-sectional study in a dialysis unit during a 6-month period. Linear regression analysis was done between averages of calcium and phosphorus (ca ...
Ménard Jacques C - - 2010
The in vivo determination of peripheral vascular resistances (VR) is crucial for the assessment of arteriolar function. It requires simultaneous determination of organ perfusion (F) and arterial blood pressure (BP). A fully non-invasive method was developed to measure systolic and diastolic BP in the caudal artery of rats based on ...
Gil-Guill?n Vicente - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to quantify both diagnostic and therapeutic inertia in hypertension and to identify patient-associated variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, multicenter study of 35 424 subjects carried out in 428 health centers and/or primary care clinics in the Valencian Community, Spain, in a preventive ...
Kim Yong-Kyu - - 2010
To investigate and compare the circadian pattern of blood pressure (BP), intraocular pressure (IOP) and mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) while experiencing undisturbed sleep in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and non-glaucoma control patient groups. Twenty-four eyes from 24 patients diagnosed with NTG and 22 eyes from 22 control group patients were ...
Scinicariello Franco F Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA. - - 2010
Environmental lead exposure has been found to be associated with an increased risk of hypertension. Individuals vary greatly in susceptibility to lead toxicity, and genetic susceptibility has often been cited as the probable cause for such variation. The main objective is to determine the role of the aminolevulinic acid dehydratase ...
Myredal Anna - - 2010
The "nondipping" pattern (NDP) of blood pressure, characterized by the absence of the reduction in blood pressure (BP) that typically takes place during the night time, has been associated with elevated cardiovascular morbidity, including stroke, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac-related death. In various cardiovascular diseases, reduced vagal control of cardiac ...
Chazot Charles - - 2010
Intradialytic hypertension (IDH) is defined by blood pressure (BP) values during and at the end of the dialysis session exceeding BP values at dialysis onset. It occurs in around 10% of hemodialysis (HD) patients. It is associated with HD patients' hospitalization and increased risk of death. Many hypotheses have been ...
Benetos Athanase - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the longitudinal study PARTAGE (predictive values of blood pressure and arterial stiffness in institutionalized very aged population) was to determine the predictive value of blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness for overall mortality, major cardiovascular events and cognitive decline in a large population of institutionalized patients ...
Ostchega Yechiam - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) readings taken by Omron HEM-907XL were compared with the results obtained using sphygmomanometer (HgS) in 509 individuals using 2002 Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) criteria. With the exception of diastolic BP in youth ages 13 to 19 years (mean difference, -1.77 mm Hg; standard ...
Stamatelopoulos Kimon S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The extent of target organ damage has been associated with both central hemodynamics and arterial stiffening, and the time rate of blood pressure (BP) changes in essential hypertension. However, the relative significance of these parameters has not been examined. METHODS: We recruited 232 consecutive uncomplicated newly diagnosed hypertensive patients ...
Poon Ivy O - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Home blood pressure (BP) monitors are commonly recommended for patients with hypertension, but little is known about their utilizations among different racial/ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to investigate if racial differences existed in the utilization of home BP monitoring devices. DESIGN: A voluntary and self-administered survey ...
Kayrak Mehmet - - 2010
Masked hypertension (MHT) is a popular entity with increased risk of developing sustained hypertension, heart attack, stroke, and death. Subjects have normal blood pressure (BP) at office but elevated values at night so it is difficult to diagnose. Exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise (EBPR) is also a predictor of ...
Bard Robert L - - 2010
Prev Cardiol. Long-term exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with impaired vascular function. The authors investigated the vascular and blood pressure (BP) reactions to acute SHS exposure. Twenty-five healthy nonsmoking adults underwent a 1-hour exposure to SHS (mean fine particulate matter < 2.5 μm level = 315 ± 116 ...
Kramer Michael H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Home blood pressure (BP) is closely linked to patient outcomes. However, the prevalence of its documentation has not been examined. The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence and factors affecting documentation of home BP in routine clinical care. METHODS: A retrospective study of 142,973 encounters of ...
Toschke A M - - 2010
AIM: Blood pressure (BP) is related with cardiovascular disease. BP tracking in childhood and its implication for intervention trials are unknown. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to estimate BP tracking. RESULTS: In 29 independent studies on 27,820 subjects, follow-up length and baseline age were associated with systolic ...
Yang Yan-Jun - - 2010
The study examined the relationship of blood pressure (BP) with anthropometric indices, including body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), conicity index (CI), waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HC). The sample consisted of 731 females and 911 males aged 20-60 years randomly recruited from Shanxi Province of PR China. ...
Hoshino Atsushi - - 2010
Chronotherapy has the potential to improve blood pressure (BP) variability and to decrease stroke and cardiovascular events. The present study examined the efficacy and safety of the bedtime administration in amlodipine-olmesartan combination therapy, as compared with the morning administration. The present study was an open-label, randomized crossover study of the ...
Jormeus Anders - - 2010
We studied the effect of increased water intake on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in healthy individuals. Blood pressure was recorded after 2 weeks of either regular (RWI) or extra water intake (EWI, an additional 30 ml water/kg body weight per day) in 20 healthy subjects (10 males, 10 females). The ...
Delsart Pascal - - 2010
The influence of hypertension on cardiovascular risk is well known. Ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) is able to identify patients with masked hypertension (MH) underdetected by clinical BP measurement. The benefit of screening for MH in a high-risk population was investigated. To detect MH in a population with no prior ...
Abraham Ivo - - 2010
Vulnerability profiling, an alternative to deterministic risk assessment, offers clinicians a more intuitive but empirically-grounded assessment of patient risk. This study aimed to determine whether a heuristic profile of high vulnerability is an independent predictor of uncontrolled hypertension. Secondary analysis of prospective observational study data on 2999 hypertensive patients treated ...
Wittke Estefânia - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) variability has been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, but there is no consensus about the more effective method to measure it by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). We evaluated the association between three different methods to estimate BP variability by ABPM and the ankle brachial index (ABI). In ...
Padfield Paul L - - 2010
Although the assessment of cardiovascular risk in individual patients takes into account a range of risk factors, the diagnosis and management of hypertension (high blood pressure) is largely determined by a single numerical value, albeit that often several readings are taken over time. Given the critical impact of a decision ...
Proença Jorge J Department of Informatics, Engineering, Science and Technology Faculty of the University of Coimbra, Pólo II, - - 2010
The Pulse Transit Time (PTT) is generally assumed to be a good surrogate measure to comfortably track blood pressure (BP) and blood pressure changes. This paper investigates PTT variations for healthy young subjects during a sequence of short-term physical exercises. PTT was measured by two different methodologies having different measurement ...
Drawz Paul E PE Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Case Western Reserve University, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2010
Nighttime systolic blood pressure (BP) from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is more predictive than clinic BP for cardiovascular disease, stroke, and death even after controlling for clinic BP. However, ABPM is expensive and burdensome to obtain regularly. BPs obtained in the hospital may provide a window into nighttime BP. ...
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