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Wang Yixuan Y Department of Cardiology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Chaoyang District, Beijing, - - 2014
Homocysteine (Hcy) is regarded as a risk factor for hypertension, but research on the causal relationship between Hcy and hypertension is limited. In the present study, we prospectively tracked the blood pressure progression of a normotensive population with different Hcy levels over a 2-year period. The incidence of hypertension with ...
Støy Julie J Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
The genetics of hypertension has been scrutinized in large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with a large number of common genetic variants identified, each exerting subtle effects on disease susceptibility. An amino acid polymorphism, p.Arg82Cys, in CD300LG was recently found to be associated with fasting HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The polymorphism ...
Kwok Chun Shing CS Cardiovascular Institute, University of Manchester , Manchester , - - 2014
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of renal denervation in patients with resistant hypertension. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies that evaluated the use of catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation compared to a control group and reported blood pressure results at follow-up. Data was ...
Makridakis Spyros S Neapolis University of Pafos (NUP), Cyprus and INSEAD, - - 2014
High blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension (HTN) is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Despite this fact, there is widespread agreement that the treatment of HBP, over the last half century, has been a great achievement. However, after the release of the ...
Malaty John J Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2014
A 46-year-old African-American man with a history of hypertension, end-stage kidney disease (on haemodialysis) and previous cocaine misuse presented to the emergency room with a sudden onset of severe headache and diaphoresis without other neurological or cardiovascular signs/symptoms. He checked his blood pressure at home and found it to be ...
Yang Lei L Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Nanjing Children's Hospital Affiliated of Nanjing Medical University Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) leads to pressure overload in the right ventricle (RV) and induces right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH). GPR91 is an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that has been characterized as a receptor for succinate, which increases in RVH; however, its role remains unknown. We studied succinate-GPR91 signaling in a ...
Kıvrak Yüksel Y Department of Psychiatry, Kafkas University School of Medicine, 36000 Kars, - - 2014
Venlafaxine is the first antidepressant that acts via inhibiting serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake. Hypertension is observed in doses exceeding 300 mg/day and is the most feared complication. We report a patient with accelerated hypertension after venlafaxine use observed at a dose of 150 mg/day. A 23-year-old patient with symptoms of insomnia, depression, ...
Pusuroglu Hamdi H Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Background Elevated mean platelet volume may reflect presence of active large platelets, which lead to fatal or non-fatal cardiovascular events. In recent studies, lack of nocturnal blood pressure fall was presented as an independent predictor of poor prognosis in essential hypertension. The relation of raised MPV with left ventricular hypertrophy ...
Guha Santanu - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring provides a more reliable assessment of actual BP than office BP and is a more sensitive risk predictor of clinical cardiovascular outcomes. Recent international guidelines for hypertension have emphasised the usefulness of ambulatory BP for diagnosis and management of hypertension. We used ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ...
Silva Aline Riquena da - - 2013
Pressure increase in the portal venous system, caused by reduction of blood supply to the liver, develops collateral circulation of splanchnic vessel that reaches the venous system of superior vena cava. The spleen works as an auxiliary capacitance system which compensates the increase in portal pressure that may cause splenomegaly. ...
Ikegami Toru T Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of splenectomy in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using left lobe grafts. The two hundred and fifty LDLT cases were divided into two groups: Group-S (n = 98, simultaneous splenectomy) and Group-NS (n = 152). Group-S had significantly increased recipient age (54.5 ...
Zaporowska-Stachowiak Iwona I Chair and Department of Pharmacology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
There has been enormous progress in antihypertensive therapy over the last few decades. However, the management of arterial hypertension is still insufficient and more efforts are needed to improve both non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of this widely prevalent disease. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibition is crucial both for blood pressure (BP) ...
Helvacı Ayşen A Clinic of 2 Internal Medicine, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2013
To determine the correlation between left ventricular mass index and calcium metabolism in patients with essential hypertension. Cross sectional case-control study. Twenty-seven patients with essential hypertension and 20 healthy individuals were compared with respect to calciotropic hormones, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and urinary and serum biochemical parameters. The correlations ...
Riaz Nashmia N Doctors Hospital of Augusta, Augusta, - - 2013
Posterior reversible encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a rare syndrome that is reversible in most cases but can rarely lead to irreversible brain damage and death. Most cases occur after rapid rise in blood pressure. We report a 56 year-old Caucasian male with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung who presented with ...
Rathi Preeti P Deptt of Physiology, LLRM Medical College, Meerut 250004 (UP), - - 2013
Hypertension is a global problem. Positive family history of hypertension is one of the risk factors for being hypertensive in future life for their children. Hyperactive sympathetic nervous system is reported in children of hypertensive parents. The main objective of the study was to observe the magnitude of alterations in ...
Requarth Jay Anthony - - 2012
Proximal splenic artery embolotherapy can be used as an adjunct to nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury (BSI); however, the hemodynamic changes in the distal splenic artery after proximal splenic artery occlusion are unknown. A retrospective review of 48 patients who underwent transient occlusion of the proximal splenic artery with ...
Liu Jianhua - - 2012
The spleen is a solid organ in which splenomegaly frequently develops and to which abdominal blunt trauma occurs. In this study, we demonstrated the potential therapeutic effect of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) combined with prothrombin to disrupt splenic circulation. A high-pressure-amplitude therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) device was used to treat 36 surgically ...
Bertoloni Meli Domenico - - 2012
Starting from the works by Aselli (De lactibus sive lacteis venis, 1627) on the milky veins and Harvey (1628, translated in 1993) on the motion of the heart and the circulation of the blood, the practice of vivisection witnessed a resurgence in the early modern period. I discuss some of ...
Sumiyoshi Akira - - 2012
The simultaneous recordings of neuronal and hemodynamic signals have revealed a significant involvement of high frequency bands (e.g., gamma range, 25-70Hz) in neurovascular coupling. However, the dependence on a physiological parameter is unknown. In this study, we performed simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recordings in 12 ...
Steinmann William C - - 2011
Practice guidelines recommend home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in the management of hypertension. We surveyed generalists and subspecialists regarding HBPM attitudes and practices in hypertensive patients. Both use HBPM for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but question the evidence regarding HBPM efficacy. Standardized implementation and monitoring methods to improve HBPM practices ...
Pracca Francisco F Universidad de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay, Montevideo, - - 2011
This article describes a device for the reduction of intra-abdominal pressure. The device (ABDOPRE) includes a unique external servo-control mechanism, based on urinary bladder pressure measurement. The results of ABDOPRE use in the first four intra-abdominal hypertension patients are reported; the device resulted in a reduction of intra-abdominal pressure between ...
Leitão Cristiane B - - 2011
To estimate the daytime ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) value corresponding to the target office blood pressure (BP; 130/80 mmHg) for diabetic patients and to identify which patients with diabetes may benefit from ABPM. A cross-sectional study was conducted with type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. ABPM (Spacelabs90207) and ...
Bilo Grzegorz - - 2011
Little is known about the effects of cardiovascular drugs at high altitude. To assess 24-h blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during short-term altitude exposure in healthy normotensive persons treated with carvedilol or nebivolol. Participants were randomized in double-blind to placebo, nebivolol 5 mg once daily or carvedilol 25 ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2010
Despite the increasing use of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in daily practice and the growing awareness in the scientific community about its positive impact on the diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients with high blood pressure (BP), the potential advantages offered by HBPM have not yet been fully exploited. ...
Lloberes Patricia - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is common in patients with resistant hypertension, but understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms linking both conditions is limited. This study assessed the prevalence of OSA and the relationships between OSA and 24-h blood pressure (BP) in 62 consecutive patients with resistant hypertension, defined as clinic BP ...
Myers Martin G - - 2010
To examine the possibility of measuring automated office (AO) blood pressure (BP) using home BP recorders in place of the more expensive, fully automated devices designed specifically for professional use. Three groups of 100 patients each had five AOBP readings recorded with one of three home BP devices while resting ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring is increasingly used in the evaluation of hypertensive patients. The ability to monitor BP throughout the day and night allows the detection of abnormal nocturnal BP patterns, the most common being a "nondipping" pattern, which is associated with increased cardiovascular risk; its correction appears to ...
Svensson Per - - 2010
In patients with acute heart failure (HF) there is an inverse relation between blood pressure (BP) and mortality but the prognostic impact of the change in BP between admission and discharge is not known. The primary objective was to study the impact of the change in BP during a hospitalisation ...
Vinyoles Ernest - - 2010
The use of diagnostic criteria based on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) values could improve prognostic value by incorporating night BP, minimize biases and improve the diagnostic reproducibility of isolated clinic hypertension (ICH). We estimate the 24-h BP cut-off points that best discriminate and predict the two diagnostic thresholds of ...
Shaw John - - 2011
Home blood pressure (BP) monitoring is gaining increasing popularity among patients and may be useful in hypertension management. Little is known about the reliability of stroke patients' records of home BP monitoring. To assess the reliability of home BP recording in hypertensive patients who had suffered a recent stroke or ...
Cahan Amos - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) assessment may be vulnerable to bias by increased BP variability. Uncertainty in determining BP control is inherent to the clinic setting. We analyzed a registry of 3949 patients referred for ambulatory BP monitoring. The difference between clinic and ambulatory readings was plotted against ambulatory BP variability, assessed ...
Grassi Guido - - 2011
Aims Limited information is available on office and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) control as well as on cardiovascular (CV) risk profile in treated hypertensive patients living in central and eastern European countries. Methods and results In 2008, a survey on 7860 treated hypertensive patients followed by non-specialist or specialist physicians ...
Bacon Simon L - - 2010
Impedance cardiography is a technique commonly used in psychophysiological studies. However, concerns about the utility of full circumferential band electrodes (FB) have been raised. The current study was designed to compare FB with a three-quarter circumferential band configuration (PB). A total of 47 participants (66% female, mean [SD] age=20.4 [3.0] ...
Peixoto Aldo J - - 2010
To review recent developments in the field of hypertension in hemodialysis patients. Despite the fact that hypertension is the most common complication of end-stage kidney disease, no evidence-based blood pressure (BP) targets exist for hemodialysis patients. There is growing evidence that outcomes are better predicted by out-of-office BP values, such ...
Komatsubara Issei - - 2010
Based on well-established physiological theories, we studied correlations between changes in brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) relative to blood pressure (BP) elevation (elasticity of large-to-medium-sized arteries), and coronary artery disease (CAD). The baPWV (in centimeters/second) and BP (in millimeters of mercury) were determined in 101 patients before, during, and/or after ...
Lager Kate - - 2010
Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and long-term disability in the western world, accounting for 5% of the UK health budget. Consequently, it has been the major focus of recent healthcare advances. Physiological disturbances are common following an acute stroke, chiefly blood pressure (BP) abnormalities (high and 'relatively' low ...
Lira Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti RP Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil. - - 2010
Incidence of preoperative rise in blood pressure (BP) in cataract surgery among hypertensive and normotensive patients. To study the incidence of preoperative rise in BP in cataract surgery among normotensive individuals and hypertensive patients with historic good BP control in a population without other major chronic diseases. Ophthalmology Service of ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2012
In contrast to patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; HFREF) the prognostic role of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) in patients with HF and preserved LVEF (HFPEF) is not well known. The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship between ...
Syrseloudis Dimitrios - - 2011
Both blood pressure (BP) non-dipping and nighttime hypertension have been associated with accelerated target-organ damage (TOD). However, increased nighttime BP in subjects with a dipping circadian BP profile has never been reported or associated with TOD. Here, we investigated the relationships of nighttime BP with indices of vascular and kidney ...
Tarumi T - - 2011
There is an increasing recognition that central aortic pressure is more relevant than brachial measure for the prediction and pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. Central pressure is influenced by the phenomenon of arterial wave reflections returning from the peripheral vasculature, which can be quantified by augmentation index. Accordingly, the primary aim ...
Ko Youngchai - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated blood pressure (BP) is commonly observed in acute ischemic stroke and is known to be associated with hemorrhagic transformation (HT). However, the effect of BP variability on the development of HT is not known well. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with acute ischemic stroke, who ...
Hu Wei - - 2011
An 11-yr-old boy with acute fulminant myocarditis was treated with routine medical therapy (antibiotics, inotropic and vasosactive agents, etc.) for 5 days, but exacerbated. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was initiated 39 h after admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). Twenty-four hrs after ECMO, urine volume and blood pressure (BP) improved ...
Weber Cynthia A CA Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, - - 2010
Pharmacist-physician comanagement of hypertension has been shown to improve office blood pressures (BPs). We sought to describe the effect of such a model on 24-hour ambulatory BPs. We performed a prospective, cluster-randomized, controlled clinical trial, enrolling 179 patients with uncontrolled hypertension from 5 primary care clinics in Iowa City, Iowa. ...
Obayashi Konen - - 2011
The pathophysiology of the hemodynamic responses to postural stress in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) remains to be elucidated. The aim of the study was to evaluate hemodynamic responses after tilt reversal in FAP. Systolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were analyzed in the baseline, 70° upright position, ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2011
Specific features of the 24 h-blood pressure (BP) pattern are linked to the progressive injury of target tissues and risk of cardiac and cerebrovascular events. Studies have consistently shown an association between blunted asleep BP decline and increased incidence of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. Thus, there is growing interest ...
Weijs B - - 2010
Masked hypertension is normal blood pressures (BP) in a clinical setting and high BP during ambulatory monitoring. Although these patients are at higher cardiovascular risk, there is still no clear consensus definition of masked hypertension.
Fan Hong-Qi - - 2010
We and other investigators previously reported that isolated nocturnal hypertension on ambulatory measurement (INH) clustered with cardiovascular risk factors and was associated with intermediate target organ damage. We investigated whether INH might also predict hard cardiovascular endpoints. We monitored blood pressure (BP) throughout the day and followed health outcomes in ...
Erden Ismail - - 2010
Prolongation of the QRS complex on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) has been shown to be predictive of cardiovascular outcomes in selected populations. A 'nondipper' blood pressure (BP) profile is currently regarded as a risk factor in its own right for cardiovascular events and target organ damage. The predictive value of ...
Lozano Lourdes - - 2010
This controlled trial assessed the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on blood pressure (BP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and resistant hypertension (RH). We evaluated 96 patients with resistant hypertension, defined as clinic BP at least 140/90 mmHg despite treatment with at least three drugs at ...
Zuo Jun-Li - - 2010
Pulse wave analysis using the SphygmoCor system allows the estimation of central blood pressures (BP). However, there is controversy over its accuracy for clinical use. In 45 patients undergoing coronary angiography, we compared the ascending aorta BPs measured by the invasive catheter with the estimations by the SphygmoCor system, using ...
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