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Ménard Jacques C - - 2010
The in vivo determination of peripheral vascular resistances (VR) is crucial for the assessment of arteriolar function. It requires simultaneous determination of organ perfusion (F) and arterial blood pressure (BP). A fully non-invasive method was developed to measure systolic and diastolic BP in the caudal artery of rats based on ...
Gil-Guill?n Vicente - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to quantify both diagnostic and therapeutic inertia in hypertension and to identify patient-associated variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, multicenter study of 35 424 subjects carried out in 428 health centers and/or primary care clinics in the Valencian Community, Spain, in a preventive ...
Kim Yong-Kyu - - 2010
To investigate and compare the circadian pattern of blood pressure (BP), intraocular pressure (IOP) and mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) while experiencing undisturbed sleep in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and non-glaucoma control patient groups. Twenty-four eyes from 24 patients diagnosed with NTG and 22 eyes from 22 control group patients were ...
Scinicariello Franco - - 2010
Environmental lead exposure has been found to be associated with an increased risk of hypertension. Individuals vary greatly in susceptibility to lead toxicity, and genetic susceptibility has often been cited as the probable cause for such variation. The main objective is to determine the role of the aminolevulinic acid dehydratase ...
Myredal Anna - - 2010
The "nondipping" pattern (NDP) of blood pressure, characterized by the absence of the reduction in blood pressure (BP) that typically takes place during the night time, has been associated with elevated cardiovascular morbidity, including stroke, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac-related death. In various cardiovascular diseases, reduced vagal control of cardiac ...
Chazot Charles - - 2010
Intradialytic hypertension (IDH) is defined by blood pressure (BP) values during and at the end of the dialysis session exceeding BP values at dialysis onset. It occurs in around 10% of hemodialysis (HD) patients. It is associated with HD patients' hospitalization and increased risk of death. Many hypotheses have been ...
Benetos Athanase - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the longitudinal study PARTAGE (predictive values of blood pressure and arterial stiffness in institutionalized very aged population) was to determine the predictive value of blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness for overall mortality, major cardiovascular events and cognitive decline in a large population of institutionalized patients ...
Ostchega Yechiam - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) readings taken by Omron HEM-907XL were compared with the results obtained using sphygmomanometer (HgS) in 509 individuals using 2002 Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) criteria. With the exception of diastolic BP in youth ages 13 to 19 years (mean difference, -1.77 mm Hg; standard ...
Stamatelopoulos Kimon S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The extent of target organ damage has been associated with both central hemodynamics and arterial stiffening, and the time rate of blood pressure (BP) changes in essential hypertension. However, the relative significance of these parameters has not been examined. METHODS: We recruited 232 consecutive uncomplicated newly diagnosed hypertensive patients ...
Poon Ivy O - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Home blood pressure (BP) monitors are commonly recommended for patients with hypertension, but little is known about their utilizations among different racial/ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to investigate if racial differences existed in the utilization of home BP monitoring devices. DESIGN: A voluntary and self-administered survey ...
Kayrak Mehmet - - 2010
Masked hypertension (MHT) is a popular entity with increased risk of developing sustained hypertension, heart attack, stroke, and death. Subjects have normal blood pressure (BP) at office but elevated values at night so it is difficult to diagnose. Exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise (EBPR) is also a predictor of ...
Proenca Jorge - - 2010
The Pulse Transit Time (PTT) is generally assumed to be a good surrogate measure to comfortably track blood pressure (BP) and blood pressure changes. This paper investigates PTT variations for healthy young subjects during a sequence of short-term physical exercises. PTT was measured by two different methodologies having different measurement ...
Bard Robert L - - 2010
Prev Cardiol. Long-term exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with impaired vascular function. The authors investigated the vascular and blood pressure (BP) reactions to acute SHS exposure. Twenty-five healthy nonsmoking adults underwent a 1-hour exposure to SHS (mean fine particulate matter < 2.5 μm level = 315 ± 116 ...
Kramer Michael H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Home blood pressure (BP) is closely linked to patient outcomes. However, the prevalence of its documentation has not been examined. The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence and factors affecting documentation of home BP in routine clinical care. METHODS: A retrospective study of 142,973 encounters of ...
Toschke A M - - 2010
AIM: Blood pressure (BP) is related with cardiovascular disease. BP tracking in childhood and its implication for intervention trials are unknown. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to estimate BP tracking. RESULTS: In 29 independent studies on 27,820 subjects, follow-up length and baseline age were associated with systolic ...
Yang Yan-Jun - - 2010
The study examined the relationship of blood pressure (BP) with anthropometric indices, including body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), conicity index (CI), waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HC). The sample consisted of 731 females and 911 males aged 20-60 years randomly recruited from Shanxi Province of PR China. ...
Hoshino Atsushi - - 2010
Chronotherapy has the potential to improve blood pressure (BP) variability and to decrease stroke and cardiovascular events. The present study examined the efficacy and safety of the bedtime administration in amlodipine-olmesartan combination therapy, as compared with the morning administration. The present study was an open-label, randomized crossover study of the ...
Jormeus Anders - - 2010
We studied the effect of increased water intake on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in healthy individuals. Blood pressure was recorded after 2 weeks of either regular (RWI) or extra water intake (EWI, an additional 30 ml water/kg body weight per day) in 20 healthy subjects (10 males, 10 females). The ...
Delsart Pascal - - 2010
The influence of hypertension on cardiovascular risk is well known. Ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) is able to identify patients with masked hypertension (MH) underdetected by clinical BP measurement. The benefit of screening for MH in a high-risk population was investigated. To detect MH in a population with no prior ...
Abraham Ivo - - 2010
Vulnerability profiling, an alternative to deterministic risk assessment, offers clinicians a more intuitive but empirically-grounded assessment of patient risk. This study aimed to determine whether a heuristic profile of high vulnerability is an independent predictor of uncontrolled hypertension. Secondary analysis of prospective observational study data on 2999 hypertensive patients treated ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2010
Circadian variation is commonly seen in healthy people; aberration in these biological rhythms is an early sign of disease. Impaired circadian variation of blood pressure (BP) has been shown to be associated with greater target organ damage and with an elevated risk of cardiovascular events independent of the BP load. ...
Wittke Estefânia - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) variability has been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, but there is no consensus about the more effective method to measure it by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). We evaluated the association between three different methods to estimate BP variability by ABPM and the ankle brachial index (ABI). In ...
Padfield Paul L - - 2010
Although the assessment of cardiovascular risk in individual patients takes into account a range of risk factors, the diagnosis and management of hypertension (high blood pressure) is largely determined by a single numerical value, albeit that often several readings are taken over time. Given the critical impact of a decision ...
Drawz Paul E - - 2010
Nighttime systolic blood pressure (BP) from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is more predictive than clinic BP for cardiovascular disease, stroke, and death even after controlling for clinic BP. However, ABPM is expensive and burdensome to obtain regularly. BPs obtained in the hospital may provide a window into nighttime BP. ...
Godwin Marshall - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The measurement of blood pressure (BP) at home by patients with hypertension is increasingly used to assess and monitor BP. Evidence for its effectiveness in improving BP control is mixed. METHODS: To determine if home BP monitoring improves BP a pragmatic cluster randomized contolled trial was carried out in ...
Gomez Patrick - - 2010
In this study we assessed blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), and total peripheral resistance (TPR) in response to 13 picture series in 37 participants in order to investigate their hemodynamic response associated with activation of the appetitive and defensive motivational systems underlying emotional ...
Farasat S Morteza - - 2010
The strong relationship between urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and pulse pressure (PP) in cross-sectional studies suggests that pressure pulsatility may contribute to renal microvascular injury. The longitudinal relationships between UAE and the various indices of blood pressure (BP) are not well studied. We compared the associations of UAE with the ...
Baek Hyun Jae - - 2010
A new method of blood pressure (BP) estimation using multiple regression with pulse arrival time (PAT) and two confounding factors was evaluated in clinical and unconstrained monitoring situations. For the first analysis with clinical data, electrocardiogram (ECG), photoplethysmogram (PPG) and invasive BP signals were obtained by a conventional patient monitoring ...
Nikolov Nikolay M - - 2010
Data from longitudinal studies reveal that widened pulse pressure (PP) is a major predictor of coronary heart disease and mortality, but it is unknown whether PP similarly decreases survival after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery for coronary heart disease. We therefore assessed long-term survival in patients with increased PP ...
Anderson D E - - 2009
Previous studies have reported that regular practice of a device-guided slow-breathing (DGB) exercise decreases resting blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients. The performance of DGB is associated with acute decreases in sympathetic vascular tone, and it has been suggested that the decreases in resting BP produced by regular practice of ...
Rossi R - - 2009
The new guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of arterial hypertension introduce the new concept of "pre-hypertension", that comprises those individuals who have either systolic blood pressure (BP) of 120-139 mmHg or diastolic BP of 80-89 mmHg. The Committee recommended the identification of these individuals as they are at increased risk ...
Chen Xiaojun - - 2009
Sexuality is a major way of intimacy in human being and it is very important in gender relationship, contributing to over all health. However, since association between sexual activity and sudden death determined by forensic autopsies related to cardiac or cerebral causes has been reported, some people with heart disease ...
Wexler Randy - - 2009
Is your patient's persistent hypertension really resistant to treatment, or are other factors at work? Consider these 2 cases and let this algorithm help you decide.
Erlingsdottir Asthildur - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the association between blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents and cardiovascular and renal disease in adulthood. This was a retrospective study on patients <18 years of age with an elective admission to Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik, Iceland, between 1950 and ...
Sekizuka Hiromitsu - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) provides an accurate assessment of blood pressure (BP) and shows non-dipper BP pattern in many sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) patients with hypertension (HTN); however, little information is available on the relationship between the severity of SAS and circadian BP changes in SAS ...
Watanabe Yumiko - - 2010
Hypertension is a complex multi-factorial and polygenic disorder. Nevertheless, most studies have focused on single-gene effects. Furthermore, a majority of these studies have been cross-sectional and diagnosed hypertension using conventional blood pressure (BP) measurements, which are known to be subject to biases, including the so-called white-coat effect. Thus, we performed ...
Galan Pilar - - 2010
The relationship between iron intake and blood pressure (BP) status has not been well established. Only 1 cross-sectional study has suggested an inverse association of dietary total iron intake and nonheme iron intake with BP. We investigated the relationship between total, heme, and nonheme iron intakes, markers of iron status, ...
Vetromile Fernando - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure (PP), which reflects the pulsatile component of the blood pressure (BP), is known as a major predictor of cardiovascular events and death. In the elderly and type 2 diabetic patients, PP is associated with low glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria. Because kidney allograft survival is closely related ...
Bytautiene Egle - - 2010
Our aim was to evaluate the long-term effects of preeclampsia on vascular function in a mouse model induced by sFlt-1 overexpression. CD-1 mice at day 8 of gestation were injected via the tail vein with adenovirus carrying sFlt1 (AdsFlt1), adenovirus carrying the murine IgG2alpha Fc fragment as the adenovirus control ...
Vyssoulis G - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between anemia and day-night blood pressure variations in essential hypertensive patients. We found that anemic hypertensives had significantly elevated nocturnal BP, and decreased mean 24-h BP and daytime BP.
Manios Efstathios - - 2009
The rate of blood pressure (BP) variation has been positively associated with intima-media thickness of common carotid arteries and left ventricular mass. We evaluated the association between the rate of BP variation derived from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) data analysis and impaired renal function. Twenty-four-hour ABPM was performed in ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2009
Whereas blood pressures (BPs) obtained in the clinic have formed the basis of diagnosis and treatment of hypertension among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), home and ambulatory BP monitoring obtained outside the physician's office have emerged as viable alternatives for the surveillance of hypertension. The purpose of this review ...
Fujikawa Tetsuya - - 2009
Variation in 24-h blood pressure (BP) is associated with multiple factors, but the association has not been thoroughly examined in young adults. To elucidate the potential factors associated with variation in 24-h BP, 331 healthy medical students were investigated. Awake mean BP negatively correlated with sleep duration in males. Sixty-seven ...
Lazarou Lazaros - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is primarily used for pain relief. However, evidence is beginning to emerge that TENS may also have a lowering effect on systemic blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the comparative effects of 2 intensities on pressure pain threshold (PPT) ...
Kim Yu Kyung - - 2009
This study was aimed at evaluating the significance of blood pressure (BP) load in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in obese children and adolescents. ABPM was conducted for 60 selected patients who had visited Sunlin Hospital between January 2008 and August 2008. Patients were classified into 3 groups; an obese ...
Ghuman Nimrta - - 2009
Because of shortcomings of the office blood pressure (BP) measurement in individuals with hypertension (eg, white coat and masked hypertension effects, terminal digit bias, and large variability in BP among a small number of readings), use of out-of-office blood pressure measurements has become more common in clinical practice. The presence ...
Rechci?ski Tomasz - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of 5 mg melatonin before sleep in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and with an abnormal circadian pattern of blood pressure (BP) on changes in circadian BP profile and heart rate variability (HRV). Sixty patients with CAD, nondippers aged ...
Kai Hisashi - - 2009
An increase in short-term blood pressure (BP) variability is a characteristic feature of hypertensive patients, especially in elderly patients. There is increasing evidence that large BP variability aggravates hypertensive target organ damage and is an independent risk factor for the cardiovascular events in elderly hypertensive patients. However, little is known ...
Sethna Christine B - - 2009
BACKGROUND.: Reduced levels of serum adiponectin, an adipokine, are associated with cardiovascular and obesity-related diseases; however, relations between adiponectin and hypertension are unclear. METHODS.: This cross-sectional study examined adiponectin and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in 33 pediatric renal transplant recipients (TXP), aged 8 to 19 years, median of 1.9 ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Circadian variation in blood pressure (BP), which is commonly blunted among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The causes of this blunted circadian variation remain incompletely understood. METHODS: We hypothesized that physical activity is a determinant of circadian BP variation. Accordingly, we ...
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