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Ko Youngchai - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated blood pressure (BP) is commonly observed in acute ischemic stroke and is known to be associated with hemorrhagic transformation (HT). However, the effect of BP variability on the development of HT is not known well. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with acute ischemic stroke, who ...
Hu Wei - - 2011
An 11-yr-old boy with acute fulminant myocarditis was treated with routine medical therapy (antibiotics, inotropic and vasosactive agents, etc.) for 5 days, but exacerbated. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was initiated 39 h after admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). Twenty-four hrs after ECMO, urine volume and blood pressure (BP) improved ...
Weber Cynthia A CA Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, - - 2010
Pharmacist-physician comanagement of hypertension has been shown to improve office blood pressures (BPs). We sought to describe the effect of such a model on 24-hour ambulatory BPs. We performed a prospective, cluster-randomized, controlled clinical trial, enrolling 179 patients with uncontrolled hypertension from 5 primary care clinics in Iowa City, Iowa. ...
Obayashi Konen - - 2011
The pathophysiology of the hemodynamic responses to postural stress in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) remains to be elucidated. The aim of the study was to evaluate hemodynamic responses after tilt reversal in FAP. Systolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were analyzed in the baseline, 70° upright position, ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2011
Specific features of the 24 h-blood pressure (BP) pattern are linked to the progressive injury of target tissues and risk of cardiac and cerebrovascular events. Studies have consistently shown an association between blunted asleep BP decline and increased incidence of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. Thus, there is growing interest ...
Weijs B - - 2010
Masked hypertension is normal blood pressures (BP) in a clinical setting and high BP during ambulatory monitoring. Although these patients are at higher cardiovascular risk, there is still no clear consensus definition of masked hypertension.
Fan Hong-Qi - - 2010
We and other investigators previously reported that isolated nocturnal hypertension on ambulatory measurement (INH) clustered with cardiovascular risk factors and was associated with intermediate target organ damage. We investigated whether INH might also predict hard cardiovascular endpoints. We monitored blood pressure (BP) throughout the day and followed health outcomes in ...
Erden Ismail - - 2010
Prolongation of the QRS complex on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) has been shown to be predictive of cardiovascular outcomes in selected populations. A 'nondipper' blood pressure (BP) profile is currently regarded as a risk factor in its own right for cardiovascular events and target organ damage. The predictive value of ...
Lozano Lourdes - - 2010
This controlled trial assessed the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on blood pressure (BP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and resistant hypertension (RH). We evaluated 96 patients with resistant hypertension, defined as clinic BP at least 140/90 mmHg despite treatment with at least three drugs at ...
Zuo Jun-Li - - 2010
Pulse wave analysis using the SphygmoCor system allows the estimation of central blood pressures (BP). However, there is controversy over its accuracy for clinical use. In 45 patients undergoing coronary angiography, we compared the ascending aorta BPs measured by the invasive catheter with the estimations by the SphygmoCor system, using ...
Wang Mei-Yeh - - 2010
Although the predictor role of ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) for cardiovascular risk has been shown, the question of whether AASI is a measure of arterial stiffness or, in fact, reflects influence of other origins on the arterial tree remains to be determined. We sought to elucidate whether AASI is ...
Bassareo Pier Paolo - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP), probably related to the loss of arterial elasticity, frequently arises in patients affected by Williams syndrome (WS). This study aimed at proving that arterial compliance, evaluated by automated recording of the QKd interval, was lower even in young normotensive patients with WS than in a control ...
Mesquita-Bastos José - - 2010
We investigated the cardiovascular (CV) prognostic value of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and blood pressure (BP) during the six 4-h periods of the 24-h ABP length in a cohort of 1200 Portuguese hypertensive patients (aged 51±12 years) without earlier CV events. The presence of CV events were followed for ...
Oh Il-Young - - 2010
Efonidipine hydrochloride, an L- and T-type dual calcium channel blocker, is suggested to have a heart rate (HR)-slowing action in addition to a blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of efonidipine on HR and BP in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. In a ...
Murakami Shougo - - 2011
Seasonal variations in blood pressure (BP) have often been attributed to meteorological factors, especially changes in outdoor temperature. We evaluated the direct association between meteorological factors and circadian BP variability. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP was monitored continuously for 7 days in 158 subjects. Mean awake, asleep, morning (first 2 h after ...
Leite M L C - - 2011
Data from a cross-sectional population-based study carried out in the town of Bollate (Milan) were used to verify whether there is an age-modulated relationship between the components of blood pressure (BP) and plasma uric acid and fibrinogen levels. Changes in uric acid and fibrinogen levels in relation to diastolic BP ...
Cadeddu Christian - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of permanent vagal stimulation on cardiovascular system, 10 patients, affected by drug-resistant epilepsy with no primitive cardiovascular pathologies, were assessed prior to VNS surgery. A complete echocardiographic study [conventional and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)], 24-h blood pressure (BP) monitoring and HRV evaluation were performed. The above ...
Johansson Jouni K - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the determinants of home morning and evening blood pressure (BP) differences in general population. We studied a representative sample of the general Finnish adult population with 1919 study subjects, aged 41-74 years. Study subjects underwent a clinical interview, clinical examination and home ...
Wang Y Claire YC Department of Health Policy and Management, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, - - 2011
To compare the long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 3 approaches to managing elevated blood pressure (BP) in adolescents in the United States: no intervention, "screen-and-treat," and population-wide strategies to lower the entire BP distribution. We used a simulation model to combine several data sources to project the lifetime costs and ...
Idiaquez Juan - - 2011
An effective baroreflex and autonomic pathways normally ensure that blood pressure (BP) is satisfactorily maintained, despite various stimuli in daily life that include postural changes. We describe a 20-year-old man with a cerebellar hematoma and acute hydrocephalus, who had a vermian and partial right cerebellar hemisphere resection followed by orthostatic ...
Kramer Caroline K - - 2011
Minor blood pressure (BP) alterations detected by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was associated with microvascular disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). We examined whether a previously described afternoon BP peak is linked to hypertension status and associated with microvascular complications. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 207 type 2 ...
Maggi Roberto - - 2010
We thought to evaluate feasibility of continuous non-invasive blood pressure monitoring during procedures of interventional electrophysiology. We evaluated continuous non-invasive finger blood pressure (BP) monitoring by means of the Nexfin device in 22 patients (mean age 70 ± 24 years), undergoing procedures of interventional electrophysiology, in critical situations of hypotension ...
Poon Leona C Y LC Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, - - 2011
To examine the performance of screening for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and to compare systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, and mean arterial pressure (MAP) measured by validated automated devices in a large population of pregnant women at 11-13 weeks. We recorded maternal variables and measured BP by automated devices ...
Taekema Diana G - - 2011
Aging is associated with progressive loss of muscle strength. Muscle tissue is vascularized by an elaborate vascular network. There is evidence that blood pressure (BP) is associated with muscle function in middle age. It is unknown how BP associates with muscle function in oldest old people. We studied the association ...
Portaluppi Francesco - - 2010
Appreciation of chronotherapy in hypertension continues to lag, despite clear demonstrations by many studies of (i) clinically relevant dosing-time differences of the beneficial and adverse effects of most blood pressure (BP) medications and (ii) significant association between reduced sleep-time BP decline of non-dippers and their heightened risk of cardiovascular disease ...
Stergiou George S - - 2010
There is increasing interest in morning hypertension assessed using out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement methods. This study compared morning BP taken by home (mHBP) versus morning ambulatory BP (mABP) monitoring. A total of 588 hypertensives were included [mean age 53 +/- 12.4 (SD) years, 57% men, 59% untreated]. Average mHBP ...
Kur┼čat Seyhun - - 2010
The relationship between malnutrition, echocardiographic parameters, 24 h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) parameters and decreased insulin sensitivity index (ISI-S) in chronic haemodialysis patients was investigated. ISI-S and inflammatory indicators were measured. The nutritional state was assessed by malnutrition score. Echocardiography and 24 h ABP were performed 1 day before the ...
AbuDagga Azza - - 2010
We searched five databases (PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and ProQuest) from 1995 to September 2009 to collect evidence on the impact of blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring on BP control and other outcomes in telemonitoring studies targeting patients with hypertension as a primary diagnosis. Fifteen articles met our review criteria. We ...
Kim Soon-Gil - - 2010
Because blood pressure (BP) is an ever changing hemodynamic phenomenon, a BP value, once measured at a physician's office (Office BP), is often unrepresentative of an individual's true BP status. Both ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) provide more accurate and reproducible estimate of BP, ...
Kereiakes Dean J - - 2010
Secondary, prespecified analysis of a single-arm, open-label study evaluating the efficacy of olmesartan medoxomil (OM) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes. After placebo run-in, 192 patients received OM 20 mg/day for 3 weeks. If blood pressure (BP) remained ≥120/70 mmHg, patients were uptitrated every 3 ...
Kario Kazuomi - - 2010
I here propose an individualized renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor-based combination therapy with calcium-channel blockers (CCBs) or with diuretics, based on the 24-hr ambulatory blood pressure (BP) profiles and central pressure in relation to the target organ damage in high-risk hypertensive patients. For high-risk patients with increased circulating volume, such ...
Chen Wei W Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) is a variable physiological parameter in health and disease. Increased BP variability over time in adults is associated with severity of end-organ damage and a higher rate of cardiovascular events, even after adjusting for the mean levels. This study tested the hypothesis that childhood BP variability, besides ...
Godwin Marshall - - 2011
Automated blood pressure (BP) devices are commonly used in doctor's offices. How BP measured on these devices relates to ambulatory BP monitoring is not clear. To assess how well office-based manual and automated BP predicts ambulatory BP. Using data on 654 patients, we assessed how well sphygmomanometer measurements and measurements ...
Manawadu Dulka - - 2010
Optimal management of blood pressure (BP) in spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is controversial. We assessed adherence to BP guidelines and its management in ICH in a tertiary Canadian Stroke Centre. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 142 CT confirmed primary ICH patients admitted within 24h of symptoms between 2005 and ...
Kao Y-T - - 2011
The prognostic value of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring for long-term prognosis varies in recent studies. The study aimed to investigate the role of ambulatory BP parameters in mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in hypertensive patients. A series of 412 participants (59.3±4.0 years) who received ambulatory BP monitoring for their ...
Levis Joel T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic hypertension and anticoagulation are important risk factors for the development of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Spontaneous ICH occurring in the Emergency Department (ED) following a normal unenhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain and an acute blood pressure (BP) surge is exceedingly rare and has, to our knowledge, ...
Smolensky Michael H - - 2010
There is growing interest on how to best tailor blood pressure (BP)-lowering medications according to the circadian (24 h) BP pattern of individual patients, that is, chronotherapy. Significant and clinically meaningful treatment-time differences in the beneficial and/or adverse effects of at least six different classes of hypertension medications are now ...
Dourmap Caroline - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare home blood pressure (BP) values obtained with two validated OMRON (wrist or arm) monitors used in the same individual sequentially, but with two different hand positions. METHODS: In 200 hypertensive individuals referred to hypertension specialists, a self-measurement of BP was performed sequentially with an OMRON M4-I (arm ...
Kuklinska Agnieszka M - - 2010
The aim of the study was to determine whether a high dose of atorvastatin lowers blood pressure (BP) in normolipemic patients with well controlled primary arterial hypertension and if this effect is associated with alteration of biomarkers of endothelial function and oxidative stress. In this open-label study, normolipemic patients (n=56) ...
Dauphinot Virginie - - 2010
An insufficient decrease in nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is a known factor in cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to determine whether autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity and its change over 2 years were associated with a shift to non-dipper status, independently of initial BP, in a general elderly population. From participants ...
Boyle Martin - - 2010
To determine the relationship between paracetamol administration and skin blood flow (skBF) and blood pressure (BP) in critically ill patients treated for fever. Prospective, observational study. Intensive care units of university teaching hospital. 29 adults (17 males and 12 females), aged 58±15 years treated with enteral or intravenous paracetamol for ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring is a useful tool aiding diagnostic and management decisions in patients with hypertension. Diurnal BP variation or circadian rhythm adds prognostic value to the absolute BP elevation. The Spanish ABPM Registry has collected information from >30 000 treated hypertensive patients attended by either primary care ...
Stolarz-Skrzypek Katarzyna - - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring provides information not only on the BP level but also on the diurnal changes in BP. In the present review, we summarized the main findings of the International Database on Ambulatory BP in relation to Cardiovascular Outcome (IDACO) with regard to risk stratification based on ...
Van der Niepen Patricia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) control is far from optimal. Studies on factors influencing BP control in the elderly are limited, yet identification of factors contributing to the low rate of BP control is a prerequisite to improvement of clinical management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of BP control and the ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S - - 2010
The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring recordings, is an indirect marker of arterial stiffness and a potential predictor of cardiovascular risk. Resistant hypertension is defined as uncontrolled office BP despite the use of at least three antihypertensive drugs. The aim of this prospective ...
Murashima Miho - - 2010
Intradialytic blood pressure (BP) variability may be associated with increased mortality. We examined the effect of short daily hemodialysis (SDHD) on intradialytic BP variability relative to conventional thrice-weekly HD (CHD). This is a retrospective cohort study. Subjects were those converted from CHD to SDHD (n=12). All intradialytic BPs were collected ...
Muller Majon - - 2010
Low blood pressure (BP) has been related to increased risk of brain atrophy. As brain hypoperfusion might be a marker for impaired cerebral autoregulation, the risk of brain atrophy may be especially increased if BP is low in combination with brain hypoperfusion. We examined whether low BP was associated with ...
Bastos José Mesquita - - 2010
To evaluate the long-term prognostic significance of different ranges of the percentage fall in nighttime blood pressure (BP) of the nondipping pattern, 1200 hypertensive patients (645 women, age 51+/-12 years) underwent ambulatory BP monitoring under stabilized therapy. The occurrence of cardiovascular (CV) events was followed for 9833 patient-years and analyzed ...
Bray Emma P EP Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2010
Self-monitoring of blood pressure (BP) is an increasingly common part of hypertension management. The objectives of this systematic review were to evaluate the systolic and diastolic BP reduction, and achievement of target BP, associated with self-monitoring. MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane database of systematic reviews, database of abstracts of clinical effectiveness, the ...
Jalal Diana I DI Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado Denver Health Sciences Center, 12700 E. 19th Avenue, Research 2, C281, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2010
The recent increase in fructose consumption in industrialized nations mirrors the rise in the prevalence of hypertension, but epidemiologic studies have inconsistently linked these observations. We investigated whether increased fructose intake from added sugars associates with an increased risk for higher BP levels in US adults without a history of ...
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