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Crichton Georgina E GE From the Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia (G.E.C.); Centre d'Etudes en Santé, Centre de Recherche Public Santé, Strassen, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (G.E.C.); Department of Psychology (M.F.E., R.V.T., M.A.R.) and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and Engineering (M.F.E., M.A.R.), University of Maine, Orono; and Behavioral Epidemiology Section, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD (G.A.D.). - - 2014
The objective was to investigate the association between variability in blood pressure (BP) and cognitive function for sitting, standing, and reclining BP values and variability derived from all 15 measures. In previous studies, only sitting BP values have been examined, and only a few cognitive measures have been used. A ...
Fok Henry H From the British Heart Foundation Centre (H.F., A.G., S.B., B.J., Y.L., P.C.) and Division of Imaging Sciences and Biomedical Engineering (S.E., J.A.), King's College London, London, United Kingdom; and Guy's and St Thomas Foundation Trust Hospital, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
Pulsatile components of blood pressure may arise from forward (ventricular generated) or backward wave travel in the arterial tree. The objective of this study was to determine the relative contributions of forward and backward waves to pulsatility. We used wave intensity and wave separation analysis to determine pulsatile components of ...
Li Edmond Ck EC Island Medical Program, University of British Columbia, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Coronation Annex, 1952 Bay Street, Victoria, BC, Canada, - - 2014
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are widely prescribed for primary hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg). However, while ACE inhibitors have been shown to reduce mortality and morbidity in placebo-controlled trials, ARBs have not. Therefore, a ...
Malem David N DN Victor Horsley Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery , Queen Square, London , - - 2014
Introduction. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a shunt- reversible syndrome of the elderly. Shunt management is aimed at achieving a balance between clinical improvement and the complications associated with overdrainage. Although clinical improvement occurs at low pressure, these benefits may be negated by the increase in complication rates observed ...
Sheppard James P JP aNuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford bNational Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford cPrimary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham dSchool of Psychology, Darwin Building, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire ePrimary Care Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire fSchool of Medicine, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton gInstitute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University College London (UCL) and National Institute for Health Research UCL Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, London, - - 2014
Identification of people with lower (white-coat effect) or higher (masked effect) blood pressure at home compared to the clinic usually requires ambulatory or home monitoring. This study assessed whether changes in SBP with repeated measurement at a single clinic predict subsequent differences between clinic and home measurements. This study used ...
Yu Huimin H Department of Cardiology, Guangdong General Hospital, China; Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, China - - 2014
The polymorphic angiotensinogen (AGT) gene is one of the most promising candidates for essential hypertension. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the A-6G variant of the AGT gene and the blood pressure response to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in hypertensive subjects. Five hundred and nine ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S ES Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) is a cornerstone in resistant hypertension (RHT) management. However, it has higher cost and lower patients' acceptance than home BP monitoring (HBPM). Our objective was to evaluate HBPM usefulness in the management of patients with RHT. A total of 240 patients were submitted to ...
Neuhauser Hannelore K HK aDepartment of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute bDZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), Berlin, - - 2014
Oscillometric blood pressure (BP) measurement devices are increasingly replacing standard mercury sphygmomanometers and generalizability of validation studies to other environments, for example, national survey environments, is assumed. We compared BP measurements according to two highly standardized German national survey BP protocols: a standard mercury sphygmomanometer and an oscillometric device, Datascope ...
Huang Minxuan M Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Decreased kidney function and kidney damage may predate hypertension, but only a few studies have investigated both types of markers simultaneously, and these studies have obtained conflicting results. Cross-sectional for prevalent and prospective observational study for incident hypertension. 9,593 participants from the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study, aged 53-75 ...
Hajjar Ihab I Division of Geriatrics and General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga., - - 2014
Background: Hypertension is associated with cognitive deficits, particularly executive function, and decreased cerebral microvascular responsiveness to CO2 (CO2 vasoreactivity). The relation between CO2 vasoreactivity and executive function is not known. Protocols to assess CO2 vasoreactivity are cumbersome and require inhaling a CO2-enriched gas. We explored the ability to measure CO2 ...
Saugel Bernd B II. Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, München, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPS) on systemic cardiocirculatory parameters in patients treated with TIPS for portal hypertension-associated complications. This prospective study was conducted in an intensive care unit of a German university hospital (October 2010-July 2013). We assessed hemodynamic parameters before and ...
Sawchuck Diane J DJ University of British Columbia, Faculty of Applied Sciences, T201-2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2B5, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This hypothesis proposes pre-eclampsia is caused by intra-abdominal hypertension in pregnancy. Sustained or increasing intra-abdominal pressure >12mmHg causes impaired venous return to the heart, systemic vascular resistance, ischemia reperfusion injury, intestinal permeability, translocation of lipopolysaccharide endotoxin to the liver, cytotoxic immune response, systemic inflammatory response, pressure transmission to thoracic and ...
Mohan Bishav B Department of Cardiology, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital Unit, Hero DMC Heart Institute, Ludhiana 141001, Punjab, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension is directly responsible for 57% of all stroke deaths and 24% of all coronary heart disease deaths in India. Appropriate blood pressure measurement techniques are the cornerstone of clinical acumen. Despite the clear guidelines on BP measurement technique, there seems to be large inter-observer variations. A prospective, observational study ...
Rossen Niklas Blach NB From the Department of Medicine, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Silkeborg, Denmark (N.B.R., K.W.H.); and Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine (N.B.R., S.T.K., E.E., P.L.P.), Medical Research Laboratory (J.F.), and Department of Clinical Biochemistry (A.-M.H.), Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. - - 2014
Several studies in different populations have suggested that nighttime blood pressure (BP) is a stronger predictor of cardiovascular events than daytime BP. Consequently, treatment strategies to target nighttime BP have come into focus. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of change of administration time of ...
Gosmanova Elvira O EO From the Nephrology Division, Department of Medicine (E.O.G., J.L.L., C.P.K.) and Department of Preventive Medicine (W.C.C.), University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis; Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine (E.S., K.K.-Z.); and Preventive Medicine Section (W.C.C.) and Nephrology Section (C.P.K.), Memphis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, - - 2014
Nonadherence to antihypertensive drugs is associated with adverse outcomes; however, mediators of this relationship are poorly understood. We examined the association between the International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision code for medical treatment nonadherence (V15.81) assigned before initiation of antihypertensive drug therapy and all-cause mortality in a large cohort of incident ...
Wang Huanlin H Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8582, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of splenectomy in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Adult-to-adult LDLTs (n = 276) were divided into those with simultaneous splenectomy during LDLT (Splenectomy group, n = 154) and those without (Non-Splenectomy group, n = 122). In the Splenectomy group, splenectomy decreased the portal venous pressure ...
Almas Aysha A Department of Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, - - 2014
Diuretics are the recommended antihypertensive by several international guidelines. This study was designed to determine the association of hyponatremia in hypertensive patients on diuretic therapy. This was a case control study conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi in adult inpatients (> 18 years) who were known hypertensive. Cases ...
How C H - - 2014
Hypertension is the most common chronic condition seen in primary care. It is a potentially modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular and renal complications. The latest Joint National Committee recommendations in 2014 address common clinical questions from the best available science with regard to managing patients with hypertension. We review some ...
Jae Sae Young SY Department of Sport Science, University of Seoul, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that blood pressure (BP) increase before exercise stress testing is associated with the incidence of hypertension in a prospective study of 3,805 normotensive men without hypertension at baseline. Changes in BP were defined as the difference between seated BP at ...
Caliskan Mustafa M Istanbul Medeniyet University, Cardiology Department, Internal Medicine Department, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) is defined as an excessive increase in blood pressure (BP) in the morning from the lowest systolic BP during sleep, and it has been reported as a risk factor for cardiovascular events in current clinical studies. In this study, we evaluated the association between the ...
Kumar Subramanian S Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608002, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The objective of the present study is to investigate the effects of vanillic acid on blood pressure, cardiac marker enzymes, left ventricular function and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (l-NAME) induced hypertension in male albino Wistar rats. In hypertensive rats, mean arterial pressure (MAP), ...
Butala Bina P BP Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Smt. K. M. Mehta and Smt. G. R. Doshi Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Center, Dr. H. L. Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences, Civil Hospital Campus, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2014
Vasopressin is often used locally to reduce blood loss during surgery. Vasopressin has longest clinical effect, but its systemic effects may be profound and pose significant challenges for the anesthesiologist and it can also sometimes cause lethal complications. The loss of peripheral pulse along with bradycardia, non-measurable arterial blood pressure, ...
Sancini A A Departments of Anatomy, Histology, Medical-Legal and the Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine. "Sapienza" University of Rome, - - 2014
The authors hypothesize cardiovascular effects in paper industry workers exposed to noise. The study included 72 paper industry workers exposed to noise and two control groups not exposed to noise. The workers completed a questionnaire and underwent a medical examination, measurement of blood pressure, electrocardiogram, blood tests, audiometry and measurement ...
Sancini A A Departments of Anatomy, Histology, Medical-Legal and the Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine. "Sapienza" University of Rome, - - 2014
Everyday outdoor workers are exposed to chemicals including the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship between hydroxypyrene and blood pressure in outdoor workers. 374 subjects of both sexes entered the study. We evaluated the assay of urinary hydroxypyrene (1-HOP); their blood pressure ...
Saneei P P Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Findings were not consistent on the therapeutic effect of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on blood pressure. We aimed to review systematically and perform a meta-analysis to assess the magnitude of the effect of the DASH diet on blood pressure in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) among adults. We ...
Fujisaki Kiichiro K Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
It is unknown whether the use of diuretics is optimal over other antihypertensive agents in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) whose blood pressure remains uncontrolled despite treatment with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors. In this study, we assessed the additive effects of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on reducing proteinuria in CKD patients ...
Sumbria Minakshi M Senior Resident, Department of Pharmacology, IGMC, Shimla, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension is often complicated by increased arterial stiffness and is an independent predictor of adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcome. Beta blockers and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are commonly used antihypertensive agents. The effect of beta blockers and ARBs on arterial stiffness has not been compared adequately. The aim of the present ...
Vinereanu Dragos D University of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila, Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study is to compare the effects of 2 types of diuretics, indapamide and hydrochlorothiazide, added to an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, on ventricular and arterial functions in patients with hypertension and diabetes. This is a prospective, randomized, active-controlled, PROBE design study in 56 patients (57 ± 9 ...
Shantakumari Nisha N Asst. Professor, Department of Physiology, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, P.O. Box: 4184, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension affects more than a quarter of the global adult population. Studies conducted worldwide suggest an overall small, yet useful, role of omega-3 PUFAs in reducing blood pressure in hypertensive patients. However there is no substantial data in this regard from population based in Middle East and Asia. To determine ...
Sanghavi Sarah S Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, N.Y., - - 2014
Despite the availability of blood pressure (BP)-lowering medications and dietary education, hypertension is still poorly controlled in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. As glomerular filtration rate declines, the number of medications required to achieve BP targets increases, which may lead to reduced patient adherence and therapeutic inertia by the ...
Taheri Ladan L Department of Cardiology, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan, - - 2014
Lead is a pollutant with numerous adverse effects on health. Since it can affect blood pressure, peripheral blood vessels, and the heart, the present study aimed to evaluate the relation between occupational exposure to lead and blood pressure. This cross-sectional study included male individuals working in battery firms in Isfahan. ...
Mirhafez Seyed Reza SR Cardiovascular Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Student Research Committee, Department of Modern Sciences and Technologies, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and there is increasing evidence that inflammation and abnormal immune responses are involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension. However, the data on the association between specific cytokine concentrations and hypertension are inconsistent. We have evaluated the association between 12 cytokines/growth factors ...
Zhang Jun J Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Southern Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension indicates that the blood pressure cannot reach the target value despite standard drug treatment, which harbors an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. The role of the carotid sinus in regulating blood pressure has long been observed; thereby, the idea that treating resistant hypertension by stimulating carotid baroreceptors emerged. ...
Mas-Heredia Minerva M Centro de Salud Les Corts, Consorci d'Atenció Primària de Salut Eixample (CAPSE), Barcelona, - - 2014
Blood pressure measurement methods and conditions are determinants of hypertension diagnosis. A recent British guideline recommends systematic 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. However, these devices are not available at all health centers and they can only be used by 1 patient per day. The aim of this study was to ...
Kovács Katalin Réka KR Department of Neurology, Clinical Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension and dyslipidemia belong to the most prevalent modifiable risk factors for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Hereby, we aimed to examine the combined effects of newly diagnosed hypertension and hyperlipidemia on the characteristics of the arterial wall and on cognitive function. We examined 72 hypertensive and 85 apparently healthy individuals. ...
Her Ae Young AY Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University; Chuncheon-Republic of Korea. - - 2014
Home blood pressure (HBP) measurements are known as an important adjunct to office blood pressure (OBP) measurements in clinical practice. But little is known about the relationship between HBP and subclinical target organ damage (TOD) other than left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). So we investigated the relationship of HBP measurements with ...
Uçar Hakan H Clinic of Cardiology, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital; Adana-Turkey. - - 2014
Morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) is an independent predictor of atherothrombotic cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. There is evidence from studies supporting the validity of mean platelet volume (MPV) as a marker of vascular risk and predictor of thrombotic complications. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship ...
Zhou Lihong L Department of Human Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, - - 2014
Various retinal injuries induced by ocular hypertension have been shown to induce plastic changes in retinal synapses, but the potential regulatory mechanism of synaptic plasticity after retinal injury was still unclear. A rat model of acute ocular hypertension was established by injecting saline intravitreally for an hour, and elevating the ...
Greiner Sebastian S Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (S.G., A.J., M.A., A.H., T.H., S.H., H.A.K., - - 2014
Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is an important marker in cardiovascular disorders, being closely associated with morbidity and mortality. Noninvasive assessment by Doppler echocardiography is recommended by current guidelines. So far, the reliability of this method has been assessed only in small studies with contradictory results. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Eccher Claudio C Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, - - 2014
In the last years, there has been a growing interest in health mobile applications. Great benefits could be gained by seemingly "simple" solutions if these were designed to build a bridge between doctors and patients. In this paper, we describe a mobile health solution for patients allowing them to measure ...
Ghamami Niousha N Biology and Pharmacology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S - - 2014
Calcium channel blockers are a heterogeneous class of drugs, including dihydropyridine and non-dihydropyridine subgroups, commonly used in the treatment of hypertension. A systematic review of the 24-hour time course of the blood pressure-lowering effect has not been published. To assess how much variation there is in hourly systolic and diastolic ...
Barrios Vivencio V Department of Cardiology, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, - - 2014
Combined therapy is required in the majority of patients with hypertension to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets. Although different antihypertensive drugs can be combined, not all combinations are equally effective and safe. In this context, the combination of a renin angiotensin system inhibitor with a diuretic, usually a thiazide, particularly ...
Kadoya Manabu M Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, - - 2014
Basic studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has critical roles in the survival, growth, maintenance, and death of central and peripheral neurons, while it is also involved in regulation of the autonomic nervous system. Furthermore, recent clinical studies have suggested potential role of plasma BDNF in the circulatory ...
Hür Ender E Division of Nephrology, Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, - - 2014
Objectives. Hypertension and hypervolemia relationship was proven among renal disease, although it is not known in normal population. Present study determines the fluid distribution defects in relation to blood pressure. Material and Methods. In a population-based survey in Turkey demographics, height, weight, blood pressure, urine analysis, and serum creatinine measurements ...
El Bcheraoui Charbel C Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, - - 2014
Current data on hypertension in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are lacking. We conducted a national survey to inform decision-makers on the current magnitude of the epidemic. We measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 10,735 Saudis aged 15 years or older and interviewed them through a national multistage survey. ...
Santi Xavier Patrícia P Botucatu School of Medicine, São Paulo State University, São Paulo, - - 2014
Volume overload is the main factor responsible for the pathogenesis of hypertension in dialysis patients. Few studies have evaluated the interpretation of the parameters obtained by bioelectrical impedance (BIA) to manage these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the best cutoff level of volume overload obtained by ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2014
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions, and studies about them have been attracting significant interest. The aim of our study was to assess the toxic elements arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), and lead (Pb) in biological samples (scalp hair, blood, ...
Hatori Nobuo N Kanagawa Physicians - - 2014
We performed cross-sectional surveys to investigate changes in clinical practices regarding blood-pressure control in patients with hypertension from 2008 through 2011. Questionnaires regarding the care of patients with hypertension were mailed to members of the Kanagawa Physicians Association in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Data were obtained on 675 patients in 2008, ...
Zhu Pengli P Department of Geriatric Medicine, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fujian Provincial Institute of Clinical Geriatrics, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the correlation between quantitative retinal vascular parameters such as central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) and retinal vascular fractal dimension (D(f)), and cardiovascular risk factors in the Chinese Han population residing in the in islands of southeast China. In this cross-sectional study, fundus photographs were collected ...
Ma Heather Ting HT Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, - - 2014
Blood pressure is one important risk factor for stroke prognosis. Therefore, continuous monitoring of blood pressure is crucial for preventing and predicting stroke. However, current blood pressure devices are mainly air-cuff based, which only can provide measurements intermittently. This study proposed a new blood pressure estimation method based on the ...
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