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Kovács Katalin Réka KR Department of Neurology, Clinical Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension and dyslipidemia belong to the most prevalent modifiable risk factors for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Hereby, we aimed to examine the combined effects of newly diagnosed hypertension and hyperlipidemia on the characteristics of the arterial wall and on cognitive function. We examined 72 hypertensive and 85 apparently healthy individuals. ...
Her Ae Young AY Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kangwon National University; Chuncheon-Republic of Korea. - - 2014
Home blood pressure (HBP) measurements are known as an important adjunct to office blood pressure (OBP) measurements in clinical practice. But little is known about the relationship between HBP and subclinical target organ damage (TOD) other than left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). So we investigated the relationship of HBP measurements with ...
Zhou Lihong L Department of Human Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, - - 2014
Various retinal injuries induced by ocular hypertension have been shown to induce plastic changes in retinal synapses, but the potential regulatory mechanism of synaptic plasticity after retinal injury was still unclear. A rat model of acute ocular hypertension was established by injecting saline intravitreally for an hour, and elevating the ...
Greiner Sebastian S Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany (S.G., A.J., M.A., A.H., T.H., S.H., H.A.K., - - 2014
Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is an important marker in cardiovascular disorders, being closely associated with morbidity and mortality. Noninvasive assessment by Doppler echocardiography is recommended by current guidelines. So far, the reliability of this method has been assessed only in small studies with contradictory results. Therefore, the aim of this ...
Eccher Claudio C Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, - - 2014
In the last years, there has been a growing interest in health mobile applications. Great benefits could be gained by seemingly "simple" solutions if these were designed to build a bridge between doctors and patients. In this paper, we describe a mobile health solution for patients allowing them to measure ...
Ghamami Niousha N Biology and Pharmacology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada, L8S - - 2014
Calcium channel blockers are a heterogeneous class of drugs, including dihydropyridine and non-dihydropyridine subgroups, commonly used in the treatment of hypertension. A systematic review of the 24-hour time course of the blood pressure-lowering effect has not been published. To assess how much variation there is in hourly systolic and diastolic ...
Barrios Vivencio V Department of Cardiology, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, - - 2014
Combined therapy is required in the majority of patients with hypertension to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets. Although different antihypertensive drugs can be combined, not all combinations are equally effective and safe. In this context, the combination of a renin angiotensin system inhibitor with a diuretic, usually a thiazide, particularly ...
Kadoya Manabu M Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, - - 2014
Basic studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has critical roles in the survival, growth, maintenance, and death of central and peripheral neurons, while it is also involved in regulation of the autonomic nervous system. Furthermore, recent clinical studies have suggested potential role of plasma BDNF in the circulatory ...
Hür Ender E Division of Nephrology, Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, - - 2014
Objectives. Hypertension and hypervolemia relationship was proven among renal disease, although it is not known in normal population. Present study determines the fluid distribution defects in relation to blood pressure. Material and Methods. In a population-based survey in Turkey demographics, height, weight, blood pressure, urine analysis, and serum creatinine measurements ...
El Bcheraoui Charbel C Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, - - 2014
Current data on hypertension in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are lacking. We conducted a national survey to inform decision-makers on the current magnitude of the epidemic. We measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 10,735 Saudis aged 15 years or older and interviewed them through a national multistage survey. ...
Santi Xavier Patrícia P Botucatu School of Medicine, São Paulo State University, São Paulo, - - 2014
Volume overload is the main factor responsible for the pathogenesis of hypertension in dialysis patients. Few studies have evaluated the interpretation of the parameters obtained by bioelectrical impedance (BIA) to manage these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the best cutoff level of volume overload obtained by ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2014
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions, and studies about them have been attracting significant interest. The aim of our study was to assess the toxic elements arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), and lead (Pb) in biological samples (scalp hair, blood, ...
Hatori Nobuo N Kanagawa Physicians - - 2014
We performed cross-sectional surveys to investigate changes in clinical practices regarding blood-pressure control in patients with hypertension from 2008 through 2011. Questionnaires regarding the care of patients with hypertension were mailed to members of the Kanagawa Physicians Association in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Data were obtained on 675 patients in 2008, ...
Zhu Pengli P Department of Geriatric Medicine, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fujian Provincial Institute of Clinical Geriatrics, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the correlation between quantitative retinal vascular parameters such as central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) and retinal vascular fractal dimension (D(f)), and cardiovascular risk factors in the Chinese Han population residing in the in islands of southeast China. In this cross-sectional study, fundus photographs were collected ...
Ma Heather Ting HT Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, - - 2014
Blood pressure is one important risk factor for stroke prognosis. Therefore, continuous monitoring of blood pressure is crucial for preventing and predicting stroke. However, current blood pressure devices are mainly air-cuff based, which only can provide measurements intermittently. This study proposed a new blood pressure estimation method based on the ...
Hu Shuai-Shuai SS Institute of Microcirculation, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Beijing, China ; Key Lab. of Microcirculation, National Health and Family Planning Commission - - 2014
The study aims to find a new biomarker in hypertension. Our study is the first time to demonstrate that the CD62P small microparticle (diameter is <0.5 um) was a new microparticle population and a new biomarker in hypertension.
Mizuno Tomohiro T Department of Analytical Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya, - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring systems and pharmacist management programs were introduced into Haruka Community Pharmacy. A 22-year-old healthy male came to the community pharmacy, although he was not in a diseased state, he had been informed previously that he had a moderately high BP during a routine examination. He continued ...
Chung Chang-Min CM School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan ; Division of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension (RH) is a common clinical condition associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in older patients. Several factors and conditions interfering with blood pressure (BP) control, such as excess sodium intake, obesity, diabetes, older age, kidney disease, and certain identifiable causes of hypertension are common in patients resistant ...
Magdás Annamária A County Clinical Hospital-Internal Medicine Department IV, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tîrgu Mures, Str. Gh. Marinescu Nr. 38, 540139 Tîrgu Mures, - - 2014
Hypertension in the elderly is characterized by isolated systolic hypertension and high variability, but its clinical significance is not yet fully understood. The goal of this paper was to assess circadian blood pressure variability (BPV) in elderly hypertensives, and to determine its relationship to cardiovascular risk factors. To achieve this ...
Herrera Victoria L VL Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Multiple clinical studies show that arterial stiffness, measured as pulse wave velocity (PWV), precedes hypertension and is an independent predictor of hypertension end organ diseases including stroke, cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease. Risk factor studies for arterial stiffness implicate age, hypertension and sodium. However, causal mechanisms linking risk factor ...
Guha Santanu - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring provides a more reliable assessment of actual BP than office BP and is a more sensitive risk predictor of clinical cardiovascular outcomes. Recent international guidelines for hypertension have emphasised the usefulness of ambulatory BP for diagnosis and management of hypertension. We used ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ...
Silva Aline Riquena da - - 2013
Pressure increase in the portal venous system, caused by reduction of blood supply to the liver, develops collateral circulation of splanchnic vessel that reaches the venous system of superior vena cava. The spleen works as an auxiliary capacitance system which compensates the increase in portal pressure that may cause splenomegaly. ...
Ikegami Toru T Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of splenectomy in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using left lobe grafts. The two hundred and fifty LDLT cases were divided into two groups: Group-S (n = 98, simultaneous splenectomy) and Group-NS (n = 152). Group-S had significantly increased recipient age (54.5 ...
Helvacı Ayşen A Clinic of 2 Internal Medicine, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2013
To determine the correlation between left ventricular mass index and calcium metabolism in patients with essential hypertension. Cross sectional case-control study. Twenty-seven patients with essential hypertension and 20 healthy individuals were compared with respect to calciotropic hormones, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and urinary and serum biochemical parameters. The correlations ...
Riaz Nashmia N Doctors Hospital of Augusta, Augusta, - - 2013
Posterior reversible encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a rare syndrome that is reversible in most cases but can rarely lead to irreversible brain damage and death. Most cases occur after rapid rise in blood pressure. We report a 56 year-old Caucasian male with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung who presented with ...
Rathi Preeti P Deptt of Physiology, LLRM Medical College, Meerut 250004 (UP), - - 2013
Hypertension is a global problem. Positive family history of hypertension is one of the risk factors for being hypertensive in future life for their children. Hyperactive sympathetic nervous system is reported in children of hypertensive parents. The main objective of the study was to observe the magnitude of alterations in ...
Requarth Jay Anthony - - 2012
Proximal splenic artery embolotherapy can be used as an adjunct to nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury (BSI); however, the hemodynamic changes in the distal splenic artery after proximal splenic artery occlusion are unknown. A retrospective review of 48 patients who underwent transient occlusion of the proximal splenic artery with ...
Liu Jianhua - - 2012
The spleen is a solid organ in which splenomegaly frequently develops and to which abdominal blunt trauma occurs. In this study, we demonstrated the potential therapeutic effect of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) combined with prothrombin to disrupt splenic circulation. A high-pressure-amplitude therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) device was used to treat 36 surgically ...
Bertoloni Meli Domenico - - 2012
Starting from the works by Aselli (De lactibus sive lacteis venis, 1627) on the milky veins and Harvey (1628, translated in 1993) on the motion of the heart and the circulation of the blood, the practice of vivisection witnessed a resurgence in the early modern period. I discuss some of ...
Sumiyoshi Akira - - 2012
The simultaneous recordings of neuronal and hemodynamic signals have revealed a significant involvement of high frequency bands (e.g., gamma range, 25-70Hz) in neurovascular coupling. However, the dependence on a physiological parameter is unknown. In this study, we performed simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recordings in 12 ...
Steinmann William C - - 2011
Practice guidelines recommend home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in the management of hypertension. We surveyed generalists and subspecialists regarding HBPM attitudes and practices in hypertensive patients. Both use HBPM for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but question the evidence regarding HBPM efficacy. Standardized implementation and monitoring methods to improve HBPM practices ...
Leitão Cristiane B - - 2011
To estimate the daytime ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) value corresponding to the target office blood pressure (BP; 130/80 mmHg) for diabetic patients and to identify which patients with diabetes may benefit from ABPM. A cross-sectional study was conducted with type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. ABPM (Spacelabs90207) and ...
Bilo Grzegorz - - 2011
Little is known about the effects of cardiovascular drugs at high altitude. To assess 24-h blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during short-term altitude exposure in healthy normotensive persons treated with carvedilol or nebivolol. Participants were randomized in double-blind to placebo, nebivolol 5 mg once daily or carvedilol 25 ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2010
Despite the increasing use of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in daily practice and the growing awareness in the scientific community about its positive impact on the diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients with high blood pressure (BP), the potential advantages offered by HBPM have not yet been fully exploited. ...
Lloberes Patricia - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is common in patients with resistant hypertension, but understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms linking both conditions is limited. This study assessed the prevalence of OSA and the relationships between OSA and 24-h blood pressure (BP) in 62 consecutive patients with resistant hypertension, defined as clinic BP ...
Myers Martin G - - 2010
To examine the possibility of measuring automated office (AO) blood pressure (BP) using home BP recorders in place of the more expensive, fully automated devices designed specifically for professional use. Three groups of 100 patients each had five AOBP readings recorded with one of three home BP devices while resting ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring is increasingly used in the evaluation of hypertensive patients. The ability to monitor BP throughout the day and night allows the detection of abnormal nocturnal BP patterns, the most common being a "nondipping" pattern, which is associated with increased cardiovascular risk; its correction appears to ...
Svensson Per - - 2010
In patients with acute heart failure (HF) there is an inverse relation between blood pressure (BP) and mortality but the prognostic impact of the change in BP between admission and discharge is not known. The primary objective was to study the impact of the change in BP during a hospitalisation ...
Vinyoles Ernest - - 2010
The use of diagnostic criteria based on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) values could improve prognostic value by incorporating night BP, minimize biases and improve the diagnostic reproducibility of isolated clinic hypertension (ICH). We estimate the 24-h BP cut-off points that best discriminate and predict the two diagnostic thresholds of ...
Shaw John - - 2011
Home blood pressure (BP) monitoring is gaining increasing popularity among patients and may be useful in hypertension management. Little is known about the reliability of stroke patients' records of home BP monitoring. To assess the reliability of home BP recording in hypertensive patients who had suffered a recent stroke or ...
Cahan Amos - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) assessment may be vulnerable to bias by increased BP variability. Uncertainty in determining BP control is inherent to the clinic setting. We analyzed a registry of 3949 patients referred for ambulatory BP monitoring. The difference between clinic and ambulatory readings was plotted against ambulatory BP variability, assessed ...
Grassi Guido - - 2011
Aims Limited information is available on office and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) control as well as on cardiovascular (CV) risk profile in treated hypertensive patients living in central and eastern European countries. Methods and results In 2008, a survey on 7860 treated hypertensive patients followed by non-specialist or specialist physicians ...
Bacon Simon L - - 2010
Impedance cardiography is a technique commonly used in psychophysiological studies. However, concerns about the utility of full circumferential band electrodes (FB) have been raised. The current study was designed to compare FB with a three-quarter circumferential band configuration (PB). A total of 47 participants (66% female, mean [SD] age=20.4 [3.0] ...
Peixoto Aldo J - - 2010
To review recent developments in the field of hypertension in hemodialysis patients. Despite the fact that hypertension is the most common complication of end-stage kidney disease, no evidence-based blood pressure (BP) targets exist for hemodialysis patients. There is growing evidence that outcomes are better predicted by out-of-office BP values, such ...
Komatsubara Issei - - 2010
Based on well-established physiological theories, we studied correlations between changes in brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) relative to blood pressure (BP) elevation (elasticity of large-to-medium-sized arteries), and coronary artery disease (CAD). The baPWV (in centimeters/second) and BP (in millimeters of mercury) were determined in 101 patients before, during, and/or after ...
Lager Kate - - 2010
Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and long-term disability in the western world, accounting for 5% of the UK health budget. Consequently, it has been the major focus of recent healthcare advances. Physiological disturbances are common following an acute stroke, chiefly blood pressure (BP) abnormalities (high and 'relatively' low ...
Lira Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti RP Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil. - - 2010
Incidence of preoperative rise in blood pressure (BP) in cataract surgery among hypertensive and normotensive patients. To study the incidence of preoperative rise in BP in cataract surgery among normotensive individuals and hypertensive patients with historic good BP control in a population without other major chronic diseases. Ophthalmology Service of ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2012
In contrast to patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; HFREF) the prognostic role of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) in patients with HF and preserved LVEF (HFPEF) is not well known. The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship between ...
Syrseloudis Dimitrios - - 2011
Both blood pressure (BP) non-dipping and nighttime hypertension have been associated with accelerated target-organ damage (TOD). However, increased nighttime BP in subjects with a dipping circadian BP profile has never been reported or associated with TOD. Here, we investigated the relationships of nighttime BP with indices of vascular and kidney ...
Tarumi T - - 2011
There is an increasing recognition that central aortic pressure is more relevant than brachial measure for the prediction and pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. Central pressure is influenced by the phenomenon of arterial wave reflections returning from the peripheral vasculature, which can be quantified by augmentation index. Accordingly, the primary aim ...
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