Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2684
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Rekhviashvili A - - 2008
The purpose of the study was an investigation of relationships between duration of arterial hypertension (AH), 24-hour blood pressure (BP) rhythm and endothelial function. 18 (mean age 50+/-8.7; 8%-male, 10%-female) outpatients with AH were included in the study. All subjects underwent off-therapy 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring and vascular Doppler echography ...
Lorello Claudio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of methylphenidate hydrochloride (MPH) on resting energy expenditure (REE) and postprandial energy expenditure (PEE) and substrate partitioning. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Seven healthy men and seven healthy women participated in this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. MPH (0.5 mg/kg) or placebo was administered orally in the ...
Nagata Kohei - - 2008
Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is an important risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Diurnal blood pressure (BP) changes are evaluated by 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between diurnal BP variation and SAS severity, as well as the ...
Genç Yasemin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitors measure BP by oscillometric (Osc) or auscultatory (Aus) methods. In this study, we aimed to compare the values obtained by BP measurement methods in the ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) device that can take measurements using both the methods, factors influencing these values, and ...
Czarkowski Marek - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A decrease in blood pressure (BP) values observed over consecutive measurements may lead to significant discrepancies, affecting individual diagnostic and therapeutic decision making. The goal of the study was to assess whether it was possible to limit or eliminate the tendency for BP values to decline in successive measurements. ...
Kotani Kiyoshi - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the multiple effects of respiration on cardiovascular variability in different postures, by analyzing respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and respiratory-related blood pressure (BP) variations for systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) in the respiratory-phase domain. The measurements were conducted ...
Myers Martin G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An automated sphygmomanometer, the BpTRU, was used in a blood pressure (BP) survey of 2,551 residents in the province of Ontario. Automated BP readings were compared with measurements taken by a mercury sphygmomanometer under standardized conditions in a random 10% sample. METHODS: BP was recorded in 238 individuals in ...
Leitão C B - - 2008
AIM: To determine whether systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) means, during ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), are more strongly correlated with microvascular complications and echocardiographic structural alterations than night-time/daytime (N/D) BP ratio. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 270 Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) outpatients who underwent clinical and ...
Obara T - - 2008
The usefulness of self-measurements of blood pressure (BP) at home (home BP measurements) in hypertensive patients has been reported by many studies. Several national guidelines recommend the use of home BP measurements to achieve better hypertension control. The objective of this study was to clarify the association between home BP ...
Manios Efstathios D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The transient blood pressure (BP) rise during clinical visits is usually referred to as white-coat effect (WCE). The aim of the present study was to investigate factors that may influence the WCE. METHODS: A total of 2004 subjects underwent office BP measurements and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) on ...
Soudarssanane M
<b>Background:</b> Early diagnosis of hypertension (HT) is an important strategy in its control. Tracking of blood pressure (BP) has been found useful in identifying persons with potential HT, particularly in youngsters. A cohort of 756 subjects (with baseline information as a cross-sectional study in 2002) was followed up in 2006 ...
Rydberg, Erik
OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of hypertension in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is unclear, and the prevailing opinion is that parathyroidectomy does not affect the blood pressure (BP). Most previous studies have been based on BP measurements at rest in a clinical setting. The aim of this study was to get ...
Safar Michel E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: International recommendations have classified brachial blood pressure (BP) in subgroups enabling better cardiovascular risk stratification. Central BP is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk, differing from brachial BP through the predominant influence of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. Central BP has never been studied in relation to international guidelines ...
Zhu Ning - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the discrepancy between clinic and home blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive subjects would disappear or diminish in magnitude if the BP measurement was taken under controlled conditions differing only with respect to location (clinic vs. home). Three hundred and sixty-seven patients ...
Inoue Ryusuke - - 2008
HOMED-BP study aims to establish an optimal target blood pressure (BP) level based on BP values self-measured at home (home BP), supported by information technology. Subjects are automatically randomized to either more intensive BP-lowering group or less intensive one and to regimens based on one of three initial drugs. BP ...
Benaroia Mark - - 2008
Oral intake (OI) of food and fluid has been associated with hypotension during hemodialysis (HD). Trials evaluating this relationship are small. The objective of this study was to quantify OI and to examine its association with hypotension during HD. This is a cross-sectional retrospective chart review study of 3 consecutive ...
Tamura Kouichi - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine a possible difference in the 24-h blood pressure (BP) profile between hypertensives with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and those with non-diabetic glomerulopathy (non-DN). We measured 24-h ambulatory BP in 34 type 2 DN and 34 non-DN patients who were hospitalized for the educational ...
Gudmundsdottir Helga - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The sympathetic nervous system is implicated in the development and maintenance of hypertension. However, the predictive impact of arterial plasma catecholamines has never been reported. We investigated arterial catecholamines and blood pressures (BPs) prospectively over 20 years in a group of well-characterized middle-aged men. METHODS: Fifty-six of original 79 ...
Palmas Walter - - 2008
Ambulatory 24-hour pulse pressure predicts progression of albuminuria in persons with diabetes mellitus. The authors assessed whether nocturnal blood pressure (BP) patterns added predictive information and examined the multivariate-adjusted association of nocturnal BP patterns with progression of urine albumin excretion during follow-up in a multiethnic cohort of older people (n=957) ...
Grossman Chagai - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been associated with hypertension, although debate exists as to whether LVH is caused by elevated blood pressure (BP) or is a risk factor for its development. The present study evaluates the association between left ventricular structure and the development of hypertension in a young healthy ...
Blankfield Robert P - - 2008
The cardiovascular system participates in both blood pressure (BP) and temperature regulation. As a result, salt ingestion creates conflict between BP and temperature homeostasis, as vasodilatation that would promptly lower the BP would simultaneously increase cutaneous blood flow, thereby accelerating heat loss. If temperature homeostasis has precedence over blood pressure ...
Takeda Takashi - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common gynecological benign tumor and greatly affect reproductive health and well-being. The pathophysiology and epidemiology of fibroids are poorly understood. Obesity and elevated blood pressure have been reported to be predisposing factors. In this study, we investigated whether fibroids are associated with some criteria ...
Hamada Toshihiko - - 2008
Objective. A fall in nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is generally observed in normotensive subjects as well as in those with mild to moderate essential hypertension, regardless of the level of daytime BP. Among elderly hypertensive subjects, extreme-dippers with a marked nocturnal fall in BP as well as non-dippers with nocturnal ...
Mahmud Azra - - 2008
The underlying mechanisms of subsequent increased risk of cardiovascular disease with a history of gestational hypertension (GH) are not known. Untreated hypertensive women (n=155, age 43+/-1 years) underwent ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and assessment of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx). Despite identical clinic BP readings, ...
Okada Tomonari - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although blood pressure (BP) control is significantly associated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), the influence of BP control based on home BP (HBP) measurement on the change in renal function in CKD patients is not fully defined. METHODS: We recruited 137 patients with stage 3-5 CKD, who ...
Kaluzay J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effect of BP measured prior to the cardioversion has not been studied. METHODS: Eighty patients (mean age 62 +/- 11 yrs, 44 men) with atrial fibrillation (AF), who underwent 92 cardioversions, were included. Non-invasive BP was measured. We performed a retrospective review of clinical data. The variables included ...
Koch Sebastian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal blood pressure (BP) for treating acute intracerebral hemorrhage remains (ICH) uncertain. High BP may contribute to hematoma growth while excessive BP reduction might precipitate peri-hemorrhage ischemia. We examine here the feasibility and safety of reducing BP to lower than presently recommended levels in patients with acute ICH. ...
Madsen Line Bille - - 2008
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment based on telemonitoring of home blood pressure (BP) and conventional monitoring of office BP. METHODS: Hypertensive patients (n = 236) participated in a randomized, controlled study. In the intervention group, antihypertensive treatment was based on home BP monitoring. BP readings were registered ...
Oliveras Anna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has been related to endothelial dysfunction. Patients with refractory hypertension (RH) have a reduced number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). AIM: To evaluate if blood EPC levels relate to endothelium-dependent vasodilation (ED-VD) in RH. METHODS: We analyzed 29 RH confirmed by 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and assessed ...
Zhang Hong-Mei - - 2008
Objectives are to investigate the effects of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) on the autonomic nervous system of coke oven workers. One hundred eighty-four coke oven workers were divided into 3 groups according to their working sites (coke oven bottom group, coke oven side group and coke oven top group), and 93 referents ...
Mytton Oliver T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Dizziness is a symptom of acute mountain sickness (AMS). This study tested whether immediate fall in systolic blood pressure (BP) on standing was more severe at altitude and whether this was associated with symptoms of dizziness. METHODS: Eighty-five lowlanders flew into La Paz, Bolivia (3650 m), and after 4 ...
Yang Ji-Hong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: While a high blood pressure (BP) in patients receiving maintenance ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is associated with congestive heart failure and an increased mortality, the relevance of diurnal variations in BP is unknown. METHODS:In a prospective study, we enrolled 76 prevalent patients receiving stable CAPD (age 60.4 +/- 13.8 ...
Yamasue K - - 2008
Recent reports suggest that high blood pressure (BP) during the night is associated with hypertensive organ damage, and that increased BP in the morning is closely related to the incidence of stroke and ischemic heart disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between overnight urinary indicators ...
Kline Cassie N - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to (1) investigate compression levels beneath an inelastic legging equipped with a new pressure-adjustment system, (2) compare the inelastic compression levels with those provided by a well-known elastic stocking, and (3) evaluate each support's gradient compression production. Eighteen subjects without venous reflux and 12 ...
London Gérald M - - 2008
Epidemiological studies have emphasized the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Severity of hypertension was in the past judged on the basis of diastolic BP. More recent epidemiological studies have directed attention to systolic pressure as a better guide to cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Traditionally, ...
Geleijnse Johanna M - - 2008
This paper summarizes the current epidemiological evidence on coffee consumption in relation to blood pressure (BP) and risk of hypertension. Data from cross-sectional studies suggest an inverse linear or U-shaped association of habitual coffee use with BP in different populations. Prospective studies suggest a protective effect of high coffee intake ...
Block Gladys - - 2008
The prevalence of hypertension and its contribution to cardiovascular disease risk makes it imperative to identify factors that may help prevent this disorder. Extensive biological and biochemical data suggest that plasma ascorbic acid may be such a factor. In this study we examined the association between plasma ascorbic acid concentration ...
Nakamoto Hidetomo H Department of Nephrology, Saitama Medical School, Saitama, - - 2008
We have developed a new home blood pressure (BP) monitoring system by using cellular telephone and the Internet. All data of home BP and pulse rate were directly collected by I-converter date collecting system and sent online to a main server constructed in a central data center. The home doctor ...
Song Han Wook HW Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Doryong dong, Yusong gu, Taejeon, South Korea. - - 2008
Blood pressure is defined as the amount of force at unit area which the blood exerts on a wall of a blood vessel. The BP has a clinical importance as the basic index in the medical examination of patients. Especially, the percentage of the hypertensive is more than 15% in ...
Bia D D Physiology Department, School of Medicine, Republic University, General Flores 2125, PC: 11800, Montevideo, Uruguay. - - 2008
Mechanisms underlying the circadian profile of cardiovascular events (CE) are not totally understood. Whether circadian changes in arterial stiffness (AS) could be related to the circadian profile of CE remains to be investigated. As yet, there is no accepted way to measure circadian profiles or nocturnal-related and/or morning-related changes in ...
Liu Yinbo Y Joint Research Centre for Biomedical Engineering Department of Electronic Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2008
Pulse arrival time (PAT) has been proposed for measuring blood pressure (BP) noninvasively and continuously. A challenge of the PAT-based BP measurement technique is to calibrate it individually. The objective of this study is to examine a previously proposed model-based calibration method utilizing hydrostatic pressure for BP estimation. A preliminary ...
Mourad J-J - - 2008
Arterial hypertension (HT) has been reported in all studies involving bevacizumab, an antiangiogenic agent designed to target vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The mechanism underlying bevacizumab-related HT is not yet clearly understood. As far as endothelial dysfunction and microvascular rarefaction are hallmarks in all forms of HT, we tested the ...
Krishna Pushpa - - 2007
This study compares the blood pressure (BP) in young population of North India and South India. Age, height and sex specific BP was estimated for 6320 North Indian subjects aged 7-18 years and compared with BP values of South Indian subjects. North Indian boys and girls had lower diastolic BP ...
Amankwah Ernest - - 2007
Regular blood pressure (BP) measurements are required to identify people with hypertension and to optimally manage their cardiovascular risk. Analyses of data from the 2000-2001 Canadian Community Health Survey showed that most adult Canadians have had a BP assessment in the previous 2 years and few have never had one. ...
Hwang Eui-Seock - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and clinical significance of white-coat hypertension (WCHT) and masked hypertension (MHT) are unknown in Koreans. Here we measure the frequency of WCHT and MHT in hypertensive subjects and identify the epidemiologic and/or clinical factors that predict it in Korean subjects. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis ...
Panerai Ronney B - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of noninvasive measurements of arterial blood pressure (BP), in comparison to intra-arterial recordings, is normally quantified by the bias, which is usually assumed to be a constant parameter. We tested the hypothesis that continuous beat-to-beat differences are not random and aimed to describe the temporal pattern of ...
Ohkubo Takayoshi - - 2007
Recent guidelines for the treatment of hypertension have all emphasized the importance of self-blood pressure (BP) measurements at home (home BP) in clinical applications of practice, research, and epidemiology. In the Ohasama study, a cohort study based on home BP, we have demonstrated several important findings to be incorporated in ...
Myers Martin G - - 2007
Guidelines for the management of hypertension have started to include home blood pressure (BP) and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring as preferred methods for diagnosing hypertension. The next step will be to incorporate automated office BP measurement into the algorithm for diagnosing hypertension. Recent studies support this approach with automated office ...
Willson Grant N - - 2007
This study examined the influence of electroencephalographic (EEG) arousal on the magnitude and morphology of the pressor response to Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) in subjects with congestive heart failure (CHF). Thirteen subjects with stable CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction, 26 +/- 7%) and CSR (apnea-hypopnea index 52 +/- 15 h(-1)) underwent ...
Hajjar Ihab I Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, MA 02131, USA. - - 2007
Inadequate dipping in nighttime blood pressure (BP) is associated with cerebrovascular disease. The authors aimed to determine whether inadequate nocturnal dipping was associated with abnormalities in cerebrovascular hemodynamics in individuals without stroke. Participants in this study underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring followed by morning transcranial Doppler measurements of blood flow ...
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