Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2431
< 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 >
Routledge Faye - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Researchers have discovered that blood pressure (BP) varies in a diurnal manner throughout a 24-hour period, being higher during the day and lower at night. Most people have a dipping BP pattern characterized by a nighttime BP that is 10-20% lower than their daytime BP. Individuals who experience a ...
Abramson Jerome L - - 2006
Elevated blood pressure (BP) variability has been linked to an increased risk for adverse cardiovascular events, but the biologic factors that promote elevated BP variability are not entirely understood. This cross-sectional study examined whether inflammatory factors might be associated with elevated BP variability during 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring. Subjects were ...
Carter Barry L - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cross-sectional relationship between physician knowledge of hypertension guidelines and blood pressure (BP) control. The authors evaluated a sample of primary care faculty (n=32) and a sample of their patients (n=613). When treating patients as independent observations, the authors found an inverse ...
Thomaides T - - 2006
We aimed to investigate whether transient increases in blood pressure (BP) are associated with headache, by provoking hypertension in 50 non-hypertensive cephalalgia sufferers (Ce), 50 hypertensive cephalalgia sufferers (HyCe) and 50 healthy subjects (C) with a treadmill stress test. Occurrence of headache among groups did not differ (P = 0.81); ...
Yeragani Vikram Kumar - - 2006
Decreased vagal function is associated with vascular dysfunction. In this study, we compared vascular indices and correlated heart rate and QT variability measures with vascular indices in patients with anxiety disorders and normal controls. We compared age- and sex-matched controls (n=23) and patients with anxiety (n=25) using the Vascular Profiler ...
Haberman Christopher E - - 2006
To assess the accuracy and precision of indirect measurements of systemic arterial blood pressure (BP), results obtained with an oscillometric device (BPo) and a Doppler ultrasonic device (BPud) were compared with those obtained by direct radiotelemetry (BPrt) in 12 conscious beagles. The correlation between indirectly obtained and directly measured values ...
Panjwani Usha - - 2006
Ascent to extreme High Altitude (HA) is in steps and it entails acclimatization at moderately HA locations. In terms of acclimatization, it is pertinent to understand the physiological changes, which occur on immediate ascent to moderate HA. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of ascent to 3500 m on ...
Steptoe Andrew A Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2006
Delayed poststress cardiovascular recovery has been associated with cardiovascular disease risk. This study assessed relationships between systolic blood pressure (BP) recovery, psychosocial risk factors, and delayed recovery of inflammatory and hemostatic variables. Data were analyzed from 228 middle-aged men and women from the Whitehall Psychobiology study who performed color/word and ...
Rastas Sari - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between blood pressure and mortality in people aged 85 and older. DESIGN: Population-based prospective study with 9-year follow-up. SETTING: Department of Neuroscience and Neurology and Department of Public Health and General Practice, University of Kuopio, and Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Helsinki University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Of ...
Ulinski Tim - - 2006
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is related to a 1,000-fold increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in young adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis. We report a series of 17 children (5 girls, 12 boys), with a median (range) age of 11 (2-18) ...
Worcester Elaine M - - 2006
A significant study from the USA compares cystine stone formers and routine stone formers; the former group had a higher requirement for therapeutic procedures, but this was less if they took chelating agents, although remaining higher than in the latter group. Other interesting findings are also presented. OBJECTIVE: First, to ...
Wong R C-C - - 2006
We conducted this study to determine whether 'office hour', defined as time period from 0800 to 1800 hours, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) predicts daytime ('waking-hour') and 24-h ABPM results, and to examine the impact of sleep disturbance on ABPM and nocturnal dip. Eighty-four patients (mean age 49+/-18 years, 47 ...
Weisbach Volker - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of hypotension in the 24-hour period after preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD) in patients with and without hypertension. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In 20 patients, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed before PABD was started and on ...
Papaioannou Theodore G - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The occurrence of continuous blood pressure (BP) fluctuations is an intrinsic feature of the cardiovascular system and is related to complex cardiovascular mechanisms and environmental stimulations or daily habits such as coffee drinking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of caffeine on indices expressing the ...
Chen Harn-Shen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study compares the cardiovascular autonomic function in type 2 diabetes with and without microalbuminuria, in order to identify the possible links between early nephropathy and diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN). METHODS: Cardiovascular reflex tests were performed to determine the cardiovascular autonomic function. Thirty cases of type 2 diabetes with ...
Foo Jong Yong Abdiel - - 2006
Imbalance of the human haemodynamic system can provide a prognosis of syncope, dizziness or hypertension. This can be assessed by monitoring its responses to postural change. Examining variations in blood pressure (BP) is deemed an effective means to identify symptoms of this associated condition. However, conventional methods do not promote ...
Hansen S - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We have investigated the accuracy of the Colin tonometry module, a non-invasive alternative to intra-arterial blood pressure (BP) measurement. The claims of previous publications range between good agreement to significant discrepancies between the Colin tonometry and intra-arterial methods. The Colin method relies on calibration of the tonometry ...
Willmot Mark - - 2006
High blood pressure (BP) is common in acute stroke and is independently associated with a poor outcome. Lowering BP might improve outcome if it did not adversely affect cerebral blood flow (CBF) or cerebral perfusion pressure. We investigated the effect of glyceryl trinitrate ([GTN] an NO donor) on quantitative CBF, ...
Pandian Jeyaraj D - - 2006
We aimed to characterise the patterns of circadian blood pressure (BP) variation after acute stroke and determine whether any relationship exists between these patterns and stroke outcome. BP was recorded manually every 4 h for 48 h following acute stroke. Patients were classified according to the percentage fall in mean ...
Whinnett Zachary I - - 2006
AIMS: In this study, we apply non-invasive blood pressure (BP) monitoring, by continuous finger photoplethysmography (Finometer), to detect directly haemodynamic responses during adjustment of the atrioventricular (AV) delay of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), at different heart rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve patients were studied with six re-attending for reproducibility assessment. ...
Selby Nicholas M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Maintenance of residual renal function (RRF) is an important determinant of outcome in peritoneal dialysis patients. It remains contentious as to whether automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) leads to an increased rate of decline of RRF compared with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We studied whether APD was associated with ...
Hoepffner Wolfgang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) recording of blood pressure (BP) must be included in monitoring treatment to detect hypertension. AIM: To investigate the BP patterns in patients with CAH. METHODS: Twenty-three children and adolescents (age 6-17 years) and 11 adult patients (age 18-26 years) were studied (21 ...
Chen Yanfang - - 2006
Experiments were performed to study the role of angiotensin (Ang) AT1a receptors in dietary sodium-induced changes in blood pressure (BP). We measured light/dark rhythms in BP, heart rate (HR) and drinking behavior in Ang AT1a deficient (AT1a -/-) and wild type (AT1a +/+) mice with arterial telemetric catheters. Mice were ...
Crane Heidi M HM Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS and STD Research, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. - - 2006
To examine the effect of antiretroviral agents and clinical factors on the development of elevated blood pressure (BP). Observational cohort study of patients initiating their first HAART regimen. We evaluated mean BP prior to HAART and while receiving HAART in relation to antiretroviral classes and individual agents, and demographic and ...
van Heusden K - - 2006
A dip in blood pressure (BP) in response to head-up tilt (HUT) or active standing might be due to rapid pooling in the veins below the heart (preload) or muscle activation-induced drop in systemic vascular resistance (afterload). We hypothesized that, in the cardiovascular response to passive HUT, where, in contrast ...
Wynne Julie L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Impedance cardiography (ICG) technology has improved dramatically, and at least one device now can give a measurement of fluid status by using thoracic fluid content (TFC), along with cardiac output (CO) and cardiac index (CI). With a built-in sphygmomanometer cuff, it can also provide blood pressure (BP) and systemic ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2006
BP readings that are obtained in the dialysis unit are commonly used to make therapeutic decisions by clinicians and to predict morbidity and mortality by epidemiologists. Dialysis unit BP are also incorporated in the recent guidelines to target BP control. The magnitude of the difference, overestimation or underestimation, and agreement ...
Ichihara A - - 2006
Blood pressure (BP) variability is estimated as the standard deviation of 24-h ambulatory BP. The present study was performed to determine the effect of the mean 24-h ambulatory BP values and standard deviations on arterial wall stiffness assessed by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, carotid intima-media ...
Seasholtz Tammy M - - 2006
The Rho/Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway is implicated in experimental hypertension. We, therefore, explored the role of ROCK2 genetic variation in human blood pressure (BP) regulation, exploiting the advantages of a human twin sample to probe heritability. The focus of this work is the common nonsynonymous variant at ROCK2: Thr431Asn. Cardiovascular ...
Agarwal R - - 2006
Ambulatory systolic blood pressure (BP) correlates better with risk factors for progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) compared to clinic measured BP, but its role in predicting end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and death in patients with CKD is unknown. In a cohort study of 217 Veterans with CKD BP was ...
Kimura Yasuyuki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) to vasodilating agents is a predictor of the onset and prognosis of ischemic stroke. It is realized that the CVR improves or worsens when measured periodically during the clinical course in medically treated patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease. In these patients, we investigated the possible ...
Tochikubo Osamu - - 2006
Direct measurement of intra-arterial blood pressure (BP) for 24-h provides approximately 100,000 values that vary enormously, but each (BPi) can be expressed by the equation BPi = BP0 + DeltaBPi (BP0, base BP; DeltaBPi, BP increment, i=1, 2, ..., 100 x 10(3)). About 20% of outpatients with hypertension exhibit white-coat ...
Choh A C - - 2006
Blood pressure (BP) reactivity to orthostatic tilt may be predictive of cardiovascular disease. However, the genetic and environmental influences on BP reactivity to tilt have not been well examined. Identifying different influences on BP at rest and BP during tilt is complicated by the intercorrelation among multiple measurements. In this ...
Tanigawa Takeshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) can be one of the major determinants of high blood pressure (BP), but there has been no study on SDB with an emphasis on shift workers. The objective of this study was to examine whether a relationship between SDB and blood pressure/hypertension is more evident among ...
Ni Hanyu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of automated oscillometric devices has been questioned. In addition the acceptability of these devices for research under the field conditions is unclear. METHODS: We compared blood pressure (BP) readings obtained using the Dinamap PRO-100 with readings obtained using a standard mercury sphygmomanometer in 305 participants aged 48 ...
Lee Young-Shin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To measure the degree that elderly persons are knowledgeable about blood pressure (BP) and hypertension in general and are aware of their own BP in particular and to determine the degree that such knowledge and awareness relates to actual BP readings. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional descriptive study was ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2006
In the Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate e Loro Associazioni (PAMELA) study, office, home, and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) values were measured contemporaneously between 1990 and 1993 in a large population sample (n=2051). Cardiovascular (CV) and non-CV death certificates were collected over the next 148 months, which allowed us to assess the ...
Kupper Nina - - 2006
Multiple longitudinal studies have demonstrated reasonable stability of blood pressure (BP) levels and hemodynamics throughout childhood and adolescence and into adulthood. Part of this stability might be caused by genetic factors that are expressed steadily over time. We aimed to determine the relative contributions of genetic and environmental factors to ...
Izzedine Hassane - - 2006
Blood pressure (BP) varies according to cycles characterized by a reduction during sleep and an increase on awakening. The nighttime decrease is absent or blunted in some patients (termed "non-dippers"). Cross-sectional and prospective data have shown that non-dippers have more target organ damage than have dippers in normotensive and hypertensive ...
Linden Wolfgang - - 2006
Evidence is reviewed for the efficacy of behavioral treatments for hypertension. The format chosen here is a review of reviews given that numerous consensus committee reports and quantitative reviews on the topic have been published. Extensive evidence from over 100 randomized controlled trials indicates that behavioral treatments reduce blood pressure ...
Agarwal R - - 2006
Using interdialytic ambulatory blood pressure (BP) recordings as the reference standard, we compared the performance of routine, standardized and home BP monitoring in 104 predominantly black patients on chronic hemodialysis for at least 3 months. Dialysis unit BP recordings were averaged over 2 weeks and home BP over 1 week. ...
Niiranen Teemu J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies performed in selected hypertensive subjects have reported several possible determinants of isolated clinic hypertension (ICH). The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of ICH in a randomly selected nationwide population. METHODS: We studied a representative sample of the general adult population (1440 ...
Mishina Mika - - 2006
Blood pressure (BP) was analyzed invasively using the telemetry system in unanesthetized, unrestrained healthy adult mongrel cats. After surgical implantation of a telemetry transmitter, BP was transiently elevated due to the invasive nature of the surgery, but it was gradually decreased. BP was largely stabilized seven to ten days postsurgery. ...
Ohkuchi Akihide - - 2006
Blood pressure (BP) levels and body mass index (BMI) are known as risk factors for preeclampsia and gestational hypertension. However, there have been few investigations regarding the effects of BP and BMI levels on preeclampsia and gestational hypertension in the same cohort. In the present study, we conducted a retrospective ...
Aksoy I I Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the - - 2006
Home blood pressure (HB P) measurement is considered to reflect BP during the day better than office BP (OB P). But in some patients HB P is higher than OB P. This is called masked hypertension (MH). To examine whether MH occurs in healthy volunteers and apparently well-controlled hypertensives. 57 ...
Jones Helen - - 2006
Blood pressure (BP) fluctuates over a 24-hour period, but it is unclear to what extent this variation is governed completely by changes in physical activity. Our aim was to use a BP "reactivity index" to investigate whether the BP response to a given level of physical activity changes during a ...
Fortin J - - 2006
A new method and apparatus for non-disruptive blood pressure (BP) recording in the finger based on the vascular unloading technique is introduced. The instrument, in contrast to intermittent set point readjustments of the conventional vascular unloading technique, delivers BP without interruptions, thus refining the Penáz' principle. The method is based ...
Lemmer Björn - - 2006
The cardiovascular system is highly organised in time; blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), peripheral resistance, pressure and the release/activity of vasodilating hormones all display pronounced circadian variations. Pathophysiological events within the cardiovascular system are also not random, as shown for instance by sudden cardiac death (SCD), stroke, ventricular arrhythmias ...
Kadetoff Diana - - 2007
Aberrations of cardiovascular regulation and dysfunction of endogenous pain modulation have been reported in fibromyalgia (FM) patients. This study aimed at investigating the interactions between cardiovascular regulation and pain perception during static muscle contractions. Seventeen FM patients and 17 healthy controls performed a standardised static contraction (m. quadriceps femoris dx) ...
Wang Rong - - 2006
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides an indirect measure of cerebral activation that could be altered by factors directly affecting cerebral blood flow independent of changes in neuronal activation. Presently, we investigate how changes in blood pressure (BP) affect the activation detected with fMRI. fMRI scans were acquired in 33 ...
< 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 >