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Verdecchia Paolo - - 2008
Although the prognostic value of the day-night blood pressure (BP) changes is established, the most appropriate method for defining day and night is undefined. We assessed the prognostic value of the day-night BP changes by using three definitions of day and night in 2,934 initially untreated hypertensive subjects who underwent ...
Hoshide Satoshi - - 2008
Acute-phase cardiovascular disease (CVD) frequently presents with markedly elevated blood pressure (BP) levels and often requires fairly rapid lowering of BP. On the other hand, aggressive lowering of systemic BP to the point that the cerebral BP decreases below a certain threshold may result in ischemic stroke. The authors retrospectively ...
Vinyoles Ernest - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with isolated clinic hypertension (ICH) compared with other hypertensive patients, and to evaluate the capacity of physicians to predict a diagnosis of ICH. METHODS: A cross-sectional, comparative multicenter descriptive study was made of 6176 hypertensive individuals without pharmacological treatment, subjected to ambulatory ...
Hayashi Tomohito - - 2008
The aim of this study was to examine whether or not fluctuations in blood pressure (BP) differ by season. Subjects were 45 elderly individuals (20 men and 25 women; mean age, 66.5+/-4.9 [SD] years). Each subject's BP was recorded with an ambulatory BP monitoring device for 24 h during each ...
Malik Junaid - - 2008
We hypothesized that an improvement in systemic blood pressure (BP) during continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) would be related to severity of hypertension (HTN), morphometric parameters such as body mass index, and level of CPAP adherence. We tested this hypothesis with a retrospective review ...
Verbeke Francis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although peritoneal dialysis is considered to offer more hemodynamic stability than hemodialysis, the acute hemodynamic effects of peritoneal dialysis have only been investigated scarcely. The present study assesses the central hemodynamic impact of volume infusion using pH-adjusted icodextrin, thus avoiding interference of glucose, pH, and osmolarity. METHODS: Patients were ...
Gemson Donald H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of tailored intervention on body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) among hypertensive employees participating in an employer-based BP screening program. METHODS: The quasi-experimental design involved screening subjects (n = 15,583) within the Merrill Lynch organization. A control group had BP and weight measurements ...
Burr Marian L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: ambulatory blood pressure (ABPM) appears to be a more accurate predictor of cardiovascular outcome than blood pressure (BP) measured in the clinic setting in younger adults. OBJECTIVES: the purpose of this study was to determine if ABPM predicted total and cardiovascular mortality independently of clinic BP and other cardiovascular ...
Sellers Minga M - - 2008
Historically, the vasodilatory prostanoids, especially prostacyclin and prostaglandin E(2), are believed to contribute significantly to the regulation of normal vascular tone and blood pressure (BP), primarily by counteracting the prevailing effects of the systemic vasoconstrictor systems, including angiotensin II, the catecholamines, and vasopressin. In contrast, the primary vasoconstrictor prostanoid thromboxane ...
Barquera S - - 2008
Increased social and economic integration across the US-Mexican borders has led to important new developments in public health. Lower levels of cardiovascular mortality have been observed among Mexican Americans (MAs) although few direct comparisons have been undertaken with Mexico. Using survey data in the respective countries we examined blood pressure ...
Abuchi, C S; ;
This paper introduces the development of a blood pressure alarm detector, meant to be incorporated into an electronic blood pressure tracking unit, from which it detects signals for the measured blood pressure (BP), that is, the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). It simultaneously displays the measured ...
Haralabidis Alexandros S - - 2008
AIMS: Within the framework of the HYENA (hypertension and exposure to noise near airports) project we investigated the effect of short-term changes of transportation or indoor noise levels on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during night-time sleep in 140 subjects living near four major European airports. METHODS AND ...
Campbell Tavis S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prognostic significance of early socioeconomic status (SES) on 24-hour blood pressure (BP) during early adulthood. Low SES has been related to poor health outcomes, in particular, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recent cross-sectional research has also linked low levels of SES with several cardiovascular risk factors including ...
Chavanu Kathleen - - 2008
PURPOSE: The role of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in the management of hypertension is reviewed. SUMMARY: ABPM is a fully automated technique in which multiple blood pressure (BP) measurements are taken at regular intervals (usually every 15 to 30 minutes) over a 24-48-hour period, providing a continuous BP record ...
Safar Michel E - - 2008
For many years, the cyclic blood pressure (BP) curve was described exclusively from two specific points of this curve, the highest, called systolic blood pressure, and the lowest, called diastolic blood pressure, both dominating the basis of cardiovascular (CV) hypertensive epidemiology. Nowadays, it is largely admitted that the BP curve ...
Rekhviashvili A - - 2008
The purpose of the study was an investigation of relationships between duration of arterial hypertension (AH), 24-hour blood pressure (BP) rhythm and endothelial function. 18 (mean age 50+/-8.7; 8%-male, 10%-female) outpatients with AH were included in the study. All subjects underwent off-therapy 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring and vascular Doppler echography ...
Lorello Claudio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of methylphenidate hydrochloride (MPH) on resting energy expenditure (REE) and postprandial energy expenditure (PEE) and substrate partitioning. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Seven healthy men and seven healthy women participated in this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. MPH (0.5 mg/kg) or placebo was administered orally in the ...
Nagata Kohei - - 2008
Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is an important risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Diurnal blood pressure (BP) changes are evaluated by 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between diurnal BP variation and SAS severity, as well as the ...
Genç Yasemin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitors measure BP by oscillometric (Osc) or auscultatory (Aus) methods. In this study, we aimed to compare the values obtained by BP measurement methods in the ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) device that can take measurements using both the methods, factors influencing these values, and ...
Czarkowski Marek - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A decrease in blood pressure (BP) values observed over consecutive measurements may lead to significant discrepancies, affecting individual diagnostic and therapeutic decision making. The goal of the study was to assess whether it was possible to limit or eliminate the tendency for BP values to decline in successive measurements. ...
Kotani Kiyoshi - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the multiple effects of respiration on cardiovascular variability in different postures, by analyzing respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and respiratory-related blood pressure (BP) variations for systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) in the respiratory-phase domain. The measurements were conducted ...
Myers Martin G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An automated sphygmomanometer, the BpTRU, was used in a blood pressure (BP) survey of 2,551 residents in the province of Ontario. Automated BP readings were compared with measurements taken by a mercury sphygmomanometer under standardized conditions in a random 10% sample. METHODS: BP was recorded in 238 individuals in ...
Leitão C B - - 2008
AIM: To determine whether systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) means, during ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), are more strongly correlated with microvascular complications and echocardiographic structural alterations than night-time/daytime (N/D) BP ratio. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 270 Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) outpatients who underwent clinical and ...
Obara T - - 2008
The usefulness of self-measurements of blood pressure (BP) at home (home BP measurements) in hypertensive patients has been reported by many studies. Several national guidelines recommend the use of home BP measurements to achieve better hypertension control. The objective of this study was to clarify the association between home BP ...
Manios Efstathios D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The transient blood pressure (BP) rise during clinical visits is usually referred to as white-coat effect (WCE). The aim of the present study was to investigate factors that may influence the WCE. METHODS: A total of 2004 subjects underwent office BP measurements and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) on ...
Soudarssanane M
<b>Background:</b> Early diagnosis of hypertension (HT) is an important strategy in its control. Tracking of blood pressure (BP) has been found useful in identifying persons with potential HT, particularly in youngsters. A cohort of 756 subjects (with baseline information as a cross-sectional study in 2002) was followed up in 2006 ...
Rydberg, Erik
OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of hypertension in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is unclear, and the prevailing opinion is that parathyroidectomy does not affect the blood pressure (BP). Most previous studies have been based on BP measurements at rest in a clinical setting. The aim of this study was to get ...
Safar Michel E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: International recommendations have classified brachial blood pressure (BP) in subgroups enabling better cardiovascular risk stratification. Central BP is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk, differing from brachial BP through the predominant influence of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. Central BP has never been studied in relation to international guidelines ...
Zhu Ning - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the discrepancy between clinic and home blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive subjects would disappear or diminish in magnitude if the BP measurement was taken under controlled conditions differing only with respect to location (clinic vs. home). Three hundred and sixty-seven patients ...
Inoue Ryusuke - - 2008
HOMED-BP study aims to establish an optimal target blood pressure (BP) level based on BP values self-measured at home (home BP), supported by information technology. Subjects are automatically randomized to either more intensive BP-lowering group or less intensive one and to regimens based on one of three initial drugs. BP ...
Benaroia Mark - - 2008
Oral intake (OI) of food and fluid has been associated with hypotension during hemodialysis (HD). Trials evaluating this relationship are small. The objective of this study was to quantify OI and to examine its association with hypotension during HD. This is a cross-sectional retrospective chart review study of 3 consecutive ...
Tamura Kouichi - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine a possible difference in the 24-h blood pressure (BP) profile between hypertensives with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and those with non-diabetic glomerulopathy (non-DN). We measured 24-h ambulatory BP in 34 type 2 DN and 34 non-DN patients who were hospitalized for the educational ...
Gudmundsdottir Helga - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The sympathetic nervous system is implicated in the development and maintenance of hypertension. However, the predictive impact of arterial plasma catecholamines has never been reported. We investigated arterial catecholamines and blood pressures (BPs) prospectively over 20 years in a group of well-characterized middle-aged men. METHODS: Fifty-six of original 79 ...
Palmas Walter - - 2008
Ambulatory 24-hour pulse pressure predicts progression of albuminuria in persons with diabetes mellitus. The authors assessed whether nocturnal blood pressure (BP) patterns added predictive information and examined the multivariate-adjusted association of nocturnal BP patterns with progression of urine albumin excretion during follow-up in a multiethnic cohort of older people (n=957) ...
Grossman Chagai - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been associated with hypertension, although debate exists as to whether LVH is caused by elevated blood pressure (BP) or is a risk factor for its development. The present study evaluates the association between left ventricular structure and the development of hypertension in a young healthy ...
Blankfield Robert P - - 2008
The cardiovascular system participates in both blood pressure (BP) and temperature regulation. As a result, salt ingestion creates conflict between BP and temperature homeostasis, as vasodilatation that would promptly lower the BP would simultaneously increase cutaneous blood flow, thereby accelerating heat loss. If temperature homeostasis has precedence over blood pressure ...
Takeda Takashi - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common gynecological benign tumor and greatly affect reproductive health and well-being. The pathophysiology and epidemiology of fibroids are poorly understood. Obesity and elevated blood pressure have been reported to be predisposing factors. In this study, we investigated whether fibroids are associated with some criteria ...
Hamada Toshihiko - - 2008
Objective. A fall in nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is generally observed in normotensive subjects as well as in those with mild to moderate essential hypertension, regardless of the level of daytime BP. Among elderly hypertensive subjects, extreme-dippers with a marked nocturnal fall in BP as well as non-dippers with nocturnal ...
Mahmud Azra - - 2008
The underlying mechanisms of subsequent increased risk of cardiovascular disease with a history of gestational hypertension (GH) are not known. Untreated hypertensive women (n=155, age 43+/-1 years) underwent ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and assessment of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx). Despite identical clinic BP readings, ...
Okada Tomonari - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although blood pressure (BP) control is significantly associated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), the influence of BP control based on home BP (HBP) measurement on the change in renal function in CKD patients is not fully defined. METHODS: We recruited 137 patients with stage 3-5 CKD, who ...
Kaluzay J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effect of BP measured prior to the cardioversion has not been studied. METHODS: Eighty patients (mean age 62 +/- 11 yrs, 44 men) with atrial fibrillation (AF), who underwent 92 cardioversions, were included. Non-invasive BP was measured. We performed a retrospective review of clinical data. The variables included ...
Koch Sebastian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal blood pressure (BP) for treating acute intracerebral hemorrhage remains (ICH) uncertain. High BP may contribute to hematoma growth while excessive BP reduction might precipitate peri-hemorrhage ischemia. We examine here the feasibility and safety of reducing BP to lower than presently recommended levels in patients with acute ICH. ...
Madsen Line Bille - - 2008
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment based on telemonitoring of home blood pressure (BP) and conventional monitoring of office BP. METHODS: Hypertensive patients (n = 236) participated in a randomized, controlled study. In the intervention group, antihypertensive treatment was based on home BP monitoring. BP readings were registered ...
Oliveras Anna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has been related to endothelial dysfunction. Patients with refractory hypertension (RH) have a reduced number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). AIM: To evaluate if blood EPC levels relate to endothelium-dependent vasodilation (ED-VD) in RH. METHODS: We analyzed 29 RH confirmed by 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and assessed ...
Zhang Hong-Mei - - 2008
Objectives are to investigate the effects of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) on the autonomic nervous system of coke oven workers. One hundred eighty-four coke oven workers were divided into 3 groups according to their working sites (coke oven bottom group, coke oven side group and coke oven top group), and 93 referents ...
Mytton Oliver T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Dizziness is a symptom of acute mountain sickness (AMS). This study tested whether immediate fall in systolic blood pressure (BP) on standing was more severe at altitude and whether this was associated with symptoms of dizziness. METHODS: Eighty-five lowlanders flew into La Paz, Bolivia (3650 m), and after 4 ...
Yang Ji-Hong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: While a high blood pressure (BP) in patients receiving maintenance ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is associated with congestive heart failure and an increased mortality, the relevance of diurnal variations in BP is unknown. METHODS:In a prospective study, we enrolled 76 prevalent patients receiving stable CAPD (age 60.4 +/- 13.8 ...
Yamasue K - - 2008
Recent reports suggest that high blood pressure (BP) during the night is associated with hypertensive organ damage, and that increased BP in the morning is closely related to the incidence of stroke and ischemic heart disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between overnight urinary indicators ...
Kline Cassie N - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to (1) investigate compression levels beneath an inelastic legging equipped with a new pressure-adjustment system, (2) compare the inelastic compression levels with those provided by a well-known elastic stocking, and (3) evaluate each support's gradient compression production. Eighteen subjects without venous reflux and 12 ...
London Gérald M - - 2008
Epidemiological studies have emphasized the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Severity of hypertension was in the past judged on the basis of diastolic BP. More recent epidemiological studies have directed attention to systolic pressure as a better guide to cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Traditionally, ...
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