Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2928
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Godwin Marshall - - 2011
Automated blood pressure (BP) devices are commonly used in doctor's offices. How BP measured on these devices relates to ambulatory BP monitoring is not clear. To assess how well office-based manual and automated BP predicts ambulatory BP. Using data on 654 patients, we assessed how well sphygmomanometer measurements and measurements ...
Manawadu Dulka - - 2010
Optimal management of blood pressure (BP) in spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is controversial. We assessed adherence to BP guidelines and its management in ICH in a tertiary Canadian Stroke Centre. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 142 CT confirmed primary ICH patients admitted within 24h of symptoms between 2005 and ...
Kao Y-T - - 2011
The prognostic value of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring for long-term prognosis varies in recent studies. The study aimed to investigate the role of ambulatory BP parameters in mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in hypertensive patients. A series of 412 participants (59.3±4.0 years) who received ambulatory BP monitoring for their ...
Levis Joel T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic hypertension and anticoagulation are important risk factors for the development of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Spontaneous ICH occurring in the Emergency Department (ED) following a normal unenhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain and an acute blood pressure (BP) surge is exceedingly rare and has, to our knowledge, ...
Smolensky Michael H - - 2010
There is growing interest on how to best tailor blood pressure (BP)-lowering medications according to the circadian (24 h) BP pattern of individual patients, that is, chronotherapy. Significant and clinically meaningful treatment-time differences in the beneficial and/or adverse effects of at least six different classes of hypertension medications are now ...
Dourmap Caroline - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare home blood pressure (BP) values obtained with two validated OMRON (wrist or arm) monitors used in the same individual sequentially, but with two different hand positions. METHODS: In 200 hypertensive individuals referred to hypertension specialists, a self-measurement of BP was performed sequentially with an OMRON M4-I (arm ...
Kuklinska Agnieszka M - - 2010
The aim of the study was to determine whether a high dose of atorvastatin lowers blood pressure (BP) in normolipemic patients with well controlled primary arterial hypertension and if this effect is associated with alteration of biomarkers of endothelial function and oxidative stress. In this open-label study, normolipemic patients (n=56) ...
Dauphinot Virginie - - 2010
An insufficient decrease in nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is a known factor in cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to determine whether autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity and its change over 2 years were associated with a shift to non-dipper status, independently of initial BP, in a general elderly population. From participants ...
Boyle Martin - - 2010
To determine the relationship between paracetamol administration and skin blood flow (skBF) and blood pressure (BP) in critically ill patients treated for fever. Prospective, observational study. Intensive care units of university teaching hospital. 29 adults (17 males and 12 females), aged 58±15 years treated with enteral or intravenous paracetamol for ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring is a useful tool aiding diagnostic and management decisions in patients with hypertension. Diurnal BP variation or circadian rhythm adds prognostic value to the absolute BP elevation. The Spanish ABPM Registry has collected information from >30 000 treated hypertensive patients attended by either primary care ...
Stolarz-Skrzypek Katarzyna - - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring provides information not only on the BP level but also on the diurnal changes in BP. In the present review, we summarized the main findings of the International Database on Ambulatory BP in relation to Cardiovascular Outcome (IDACO) with regard to risk stratification based on ...
Van der Niepen Patricia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) control is far from optimal. Studies on factors influencing BP control in the elderly are limited, yet identification of factors contributing to the low rate of BP control is a prerequisite to improvement of clinical management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of BP control and the ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S - - 2010
The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring recordings, is an indirect marker of arterial stiffness and a potential predictor of cardiovascular risk. Resistant hypertension is defined as uncontrolled office BP despite the use of at least three antihypertensive drugs. The aim of this prospective ...
Murashima Miho - - 2010
Intradialytic blood pressure (BP) variability may be associated with increased mortality. We examined the effect of short daily hemodialysis (SDHD) on intradialytic BP variability relative to conventional thrice-weekly HD (CHD). This is a retrospective cohort study. Subjects were those converted from CHD to SDHD (n=12). All intradialytic BPs were collected ...
Muller Majon - - 2010
Low blood pressure (BP) has been related to increased risk of brain atrophy. As brain hypoperfusion might be a marker for impaired cerebral autoregulation, the risk of brain atrophy may be especially increased if BP is low in combination with brain hypoperfusion. We examined whether low BP was associated with ...
Bastos José Mesquita - - 2010
To evaluate the long-term prognostic significance of different ranges of the percentage fall in nighttime blood pressure (BP) of the nondipping pattern, 1200 hypertensive patients (645 women, age 51+/-12 years) underwent ambulatory BP monitoring under stabilized therapy. The occurrence of cardiovascular (CV) events was followed for 9833 patient-years and analyzed ...
Bray Emma P EP Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2010
Self-monitoring of blood pressure (BP) is an increasingly common part of hypertension management. The objectives of this systematic review were to evaluate the systolic and diastolic BP reduction, and achievement of target BP, associated with self-monitoring. MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane database of systematic reviews, database of abstracts of clinical effectiveness, the ...
Jalal Diana I DI Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado Denver Health Sciences Center, 12700 E. 19th Avenue, Research 2, C281, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2010
The recent increase in fructose consumption in industrialized nations mirrors the rise in the prevalence of hypertension, but epidemiologic studies have inconsistently linked these observations. We investigated whether increased fructose intake from added sugars associates with an increased risk for higher BP levels in US adults without a history of ...
Veerabhadrappa Praveen P Department of Kinesiology, College of Health Professions, Cardiovascular Research Center, School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA. - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP) levels in African Americans elicit vascular inflammation resulting in vascular remodeling. BP variability (BPV) correlates with target organ damage. We aimed to investigate the relationship between inflammatory markers and BPV in African Americans. Thirty-six African Americans underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). BPV was calculated using ...
Head Geoffrey A - - 2010
We defined a new measure of the morning blood pressure (BP) surge (MBPS) that is derived by the product of the rate of morning rise (RoR) and the amplitude (day-night difference) giving an effective "Power" of the BP rise (BP(Power)). We applied this method to determine whether morning BP(Power) is ...
Tsunezuka Yoshio - - 2010
Intraoperative bleeding is one of the main severe complications in complete video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (c-VATS). We investigated whether one sealing device, the LigaSureV (LSV) vessel sealing system (Valleylab, Tyco Healthcare, Boulder, CO, USA) was experimentally and clinically safe and effective for c-VATS. The burst pressures (BP) of each pulmonary artery ...
McMahon Carrie - - 2010
Current techniques used to accurately determine arterial blood pressure (BP) in conscious, unrestrained monkeys require invasive telemetry. This study evaluated the functionality of an implanted miniature telemetry blood pressure transmitter for the collection of BP measurements in conjunction with electrocardiographic measurements using a jacketed external telemetry (JET) system in conscious, ...
Biais M - - 2010
Standard non-invasive blood pressure (BP) monitoring is an intermittent, discontinuous procedure. Beat-to-beat BP monitoring requires invasive measurement via an arterial catheter and may be associated with serious complications. The Infinity CNAP SmartPod (Dräger Medical AG & Co. KG, Lübeck, Germany) has recently been proposed for non-invasive continuous beat-to-beat BP measurements. ...
Ali Khalid - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) in healthy individuals exhibits a diurnal variation, with a nighttime dip of 10%-20%. A persistently high nighttime BP is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. The effects of diurnal BP variations on the neurologic deficit in acute stroke at presentation and in the first few weeks poststroke are ...
Pépin Jean-Louis - - 2010
RATIONALE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) reduces blood pressure (BP). CPAP treatment has never been compared with antihypertensive medications in an RCT. OBJECTIVES: To assess the respective efficacy of CPAP and valsartan in reducing BP in hypertensive ...
Stergiou G S - - 2011
In children and adolescents, the diagnosis of hypertension is based on office, home and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements. Different normalcy tables for each method have provided 95th percentiles of BP as thresholds for hypertension diagnosis. This study assessed the differences in BP thresholds among these methods when applied in ...
Graves John W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for office blood pressure (BP) measurements recommend two or more readings at each visit. It has been suggested that discarding the first reading may improve the diagnostic utility of office readings. We compare two methods of office BP measurement to determine whether discarding the first BP affects their ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of regular physical activity on the haemodynamic response to public speaking and to evaluate the long-term effect of exercise on development of hypertension. PARTICIPANTS: We assessed 75 sedentary and 44 active participants screened for stage 1 hypertension with consistent ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2010
The classification of hypertensive subjects according to circadian blood pressure (BP) variations (i.e., dipping vs nondipping) is a useful means for reliable individual risk stratification and effective therapeutic decision-making. Increasing evidence, although not univocal, suggests that a reduced nocturnal BP fall relates to an excess of cardiovascular complications. The association ...
Paradis Gilles G Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Health Centre Research Institute. - - 2010
Because blood pressure (BP) tracks from childhood to adulthood, assessing levels in youth is relevant. There are no recent BP data for Canadian children and adolescents, and past studies have used a variety of design and measurement devices. With a clinically validated oscillometric device, resting BP was measured in 2,079 ...
Veerabhadrappa Praveen - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP) levels in African Americans elicit vascular inflammation resulting in vascular remodeling. BP variability (BPV) correlates with target organ damage. We aimed to investigate the relationship between inflammatory markers and BPV in African Americans. Thirty-six African Americans underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). BPV was calculated using ...
Angeli Fabio - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) may be high during usual daily life in one out of 7-8 individuals with normal BP in the clinic or doctor's office. This condition is usually defined as masked hypertension (MH). Prevalence of MH varied across different studies depending on patient characteristics, populations studied, and different definitions ...
Chen Liwei - - 2010
Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been associated with an elevated risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type II diabetes mellitus. However, the effects of SSB consumption on blood pressure (BP) are uncertain. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between changes in SSB consumption and ...
Landgraf Johanna - - 2010
Most clinical offices rely on automated oscillometric devices to measure blood pressure (BP), but the accuracy of this technique versus auscultatory determination using a mercury manometer is controversial. To assess the accuracy of automated oscillometric readings, BP was measured from the same site and cuff, in 337 consecutive patients seen ...
Harmell Alexandrea L - - 2010
Objective To examine whether high levels of self-efficacy for problem-focused coping were significantly related to several resting BP measures in spousal Alzheimer's disease caregivers. Design Cross-sectional. Methods Participants included 100 older caregivers (mean age=73.8+/-8.14 years) providing in home care for a spouse with Alzheimer's disease. All participants completed a 13-item ...
Mitchell Andrea Z - - 2010
Animals are commonly used in toxicological research for the evaluation of drug effects on the cardiovascular system. Accurate and reproducible determination of blood pressure (BP) in conscious, manually restrained monkeys and dogs is a challenge with current non-invasive cuff techniques. The High Definition Oscillometry (HDO) technique enables real time measurements ...
Kato Tetsuo - - 2010
We previously reported that high day-by-day blood pressure (BP) variability derived from self-measured BP at home (home BP) predicted cardiovascular mortality over and beyond other risk factors. The objective of this study is to clarify the determinants of the day-by-day home-BP variability. We conducted a cross-sectional community survey in 1,215 ...
Brady Tammy M TM MHS, Johns Hopkins University, David M. Rubenstein Child Health Building, 200 North Wolfe St, Room 3057, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2010
The goal was to determine patient-, provider-, and clinic-level predictors of unrecognized elevated blood pressure (BP) in children. We hypothesized that being of healthy weight, having a BP of <120/80 mmHg, and being seen by a less experienced provider would result in decreased recognition. A cross-sectional study of clinic visits ...
Ma J F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between nocturnal blood pressure (BP) variation and silent cerebral infarction (SCI) in hypertensive patients. METHODS: We retrospectively collected demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from 188 Chinese hypertensive patients (111 with SCI, 77 with non-SCI) and analyzed nocturnal BP variation in the SCI and non-SCI patients. ...
Maximova Katerina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that sex differences in blood pressure (BP) are established early in life. Sex differences in BP increases that occur during adolescence may be due to differences in changes in anthropometric characteristics. METHODS: Using sex-specific individual growth models, we assessed the effect of height, body mass index (BMI; ...
Wexler Randy - - 2010
The accurate assessment and appropriate management of blood pressure (BP) is critical for primary care physicians. Traditional office-based BP measurement has limitations that can be addressed, in part, through the use of ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). Because BP readings are provided at specific time intervals throughout a 24-hour period, ABPM ...
Eguchi Kazuo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We tested the reproducibility of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), BP variability, and BP reduction in hypertensive patients. METHODS: Forty-two hypertensive patients were enrolled, and ABP monitoring (ABPM) was performed four times in each patient: twice before and twice after the treatment. Morning BP was defined as the average of ...
Alves Maria Janieire Nazaré Nunes - - 2010
PURPOSE: Previous studies showed that anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) increase vascular resistance and blood pressure (BP) in humans. In this study, we tested the hypotheses 1) that AAS users would have increased muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and reduced forearm blood flow (FBF) compared with AAS nonusers and 2) that ...
Pinar Rukiye - - 2010
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine whether there is any difference between BP readings with patients crossing a leg at the knee level and uncrossing during BP measurement. BACKGROUND: It is clear that numerous factors influence an individual's blood pressure (BP) measurement. However, guidelines for accurately measuring ...
Zaninelli Augusto - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend that blood pressure (BP) should be lowered in hypertensive patients to prevent cardiovascular accidents. Management of antihypertensive treatment by general practitioners is usually based on office measurements, which may not allow an assessment of BP control over 24 h, which requires ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) to be ...
Hermida Ramón C RC Bioengineering Laboratory, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario, Vigo, Spain. - - 2010
The administration of most angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) at bedtime results in a greater reduction of nighttime blood pressure (BP) than dosing upon awakening. It has been proposed that this effect may be a consequence of a short half-life and duration of action. However, those ...
Delfino Ralph J RJ Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92617, USA. - - 2010
Associations between blood pressure (BP) and ambient air pollution have been inconsistent. No studies have used ambulatory BP monitoring and outdoor home air-pollutant measurements with time-activity-location data. We address these gaps in a study of 64 elderly subjects with coronary artery disease, living in retirement communities in the Los Angeles ...
Brickman Adam M AM Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA. - - 2010
The importance of subclinical cerebrovascular disease in the elderly is increasingly recognized, but its determinants have not been fully explicated. Elevated blood pressure (BP) and fluctuation in BP may lead to cerebrovascular disease through ischemic changes and compromised cerebral autoregulation. To determine the association of BP and long-term fluctuation in ...
Shibamiya Taku - - 2010
This study compares relationships between each of morning home blood pressure (BP), evening home BP and office BP with electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities among treated hypertensive Japanese patients. We defined ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) as Sokolow-Lyon voltage and/or Cornell voltage duration product. Abnormal T waves and ST segment depression were ...
Metoki Hirohito - - 2010
The introduction of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring has enabled BP evaluations at specific times of the day. Associations between diurnal BP variation and cardiovascular prognosis have been investigated in the Ohasama study, which is an epidemiological survey of hypertension using ambulatory and home BP monitoring that has been ...
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