Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2604
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Viera Anthony J - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about how and why patients use home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM). We investigated from where patients obtain their monitor, their reasons for using HBPM, and their frequency of performing blood pressure (BP) measurements. We also examined whether those using HBPM provide written reports of measurements to ...
Mark Amy E - - 2008
The dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and cardiovascular health in children and adolescents is unclear. Blood pressure (BP) is a practical and useful measure of cardiovascular health in youth. PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the dose-response relationship between objectively measured PA and BP in children and adolescents. METHODS: ...
Mallion Jean-Michel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe and analyse the nycthemeral variations in blood pressure (BP) by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) over 24 h in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: The study population included 50 stable HF patients hospitalized in a cardiology department for acute pulmonary oedema. ...
Rekhviashvili A - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to investigate relationships between sex, blood pressure level, duration of arterial hypertension (AH), 24-hour blood pressure (BP) rhythm, endothelial function (EF) and blood rheological parameters. 23 (mean age 50+/-8.73) outpatients with AH were included in the study. All subjects underwent off-therapy 24-hour ambulatory BP ...
Li Yan - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) during night and day and of the night-to-day BP ratio (NDR). We studied 7458 participants (mean age 56.8 years; 45.8% women) enrolled in the International Database on Ambulatory BP in relation to Cardiovascular ...
Li Li-Hua - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We reported previously that normotensive Chinese had higher nighttime diastolic blood pressure (BP) compared with non-Chinese. We, therefore, studied the prevalence and characteristics of isolated nocturnal hypertension and its association with arterial stiffness, an intermediate sign of target organ damage. METHODS: We recorded ambulatory BP, the central and peripheral ...
Phillips Courtney K - - 2008
PURPOSE: Energy-based surgical devices (ESDs) are critical for maintaining hemostasis during laparoscopy; however, there are no studies that have evaluated the function of ESDs under different physiologic conditions. We evaluated the effect of intraluminal vessel content on bursting pressure (BP) after ligation with two ESDs: the Harmonic ACE and the ...
Hla Khin Mae - - 2008
The association of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and blunting of normal nocturnal lowering of blood pressure (BP) (nondipping) has only been examined cross-sectionally. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether SDB is prospectively associated with nondipping. The longitudinal association between SDB and incident nondipping was examined in a subsample ...
Ernst Michael E ME Division of Clinical and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2008
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is useful in evaluating cardiovascular risk but requires significant time. The authors examined how closely shortened time intervals correlate with the systolic blood pressure (BP) determined from a full 24-hour ABPM session in 1004 ABPM recordings. After excluding the first hour, Pearson correlations performed for ...
Sarzani Riccardo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors, preventing endocannabinoid (EC) degradation, reduce blood pressure (BP) and heart rate in young male (YM) hypertensive rodents. The functional human FAAH 129T gene variant results in reduced protein level and enzymatic activity but its relationship with BP is unknown. This study investigates the ...
Pickering Thomas G - - 2008
Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) overcomes many of the limitations of traditional office blood pressure (BP) measurement and is both cheaper and easier to perform than ambulatory BP monitoring. Monitors that use the oscillometric method are currently available that are accurate, reliable, easy to use, and relatively inexpensive. An increasing ...
Knopfholz Jose - - 2009
Association between epistaxis and hypertension is controversial. In this study, we evaluated in hypertensive patients the incidence of epistaxis according to stages of hypertension and compared blood pressure (BP) readings in these episodes to routine readings. Thirty-six patients admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) with epistaxis were enrolled and divided ...
Agarwal Rajiv R Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine and Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. - - 2008
The diagnosis of hypertension among hemodialysis patients by predialysis or postdialysis blood pressure (BP) recordings is imprecise and biased and has poor test-retest reliability. The use of intradialytic BP measurements to diagnose hypertension is unknown. A diagnostic-test study was done with interdialytic ambulatory BP as reference standard. Index BP recordings ...
Gupta A K - - 2008
Blood pressure (BP) exhibits a circadian variation characterized by a morning increase, followed by a small postprandial valley and a deeper descent during nocturnal rest. Although abnormal 24-h variability (abnormal circadian variability (ACV)) predicts adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, a 7-day automatic ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) and subsequent chronobiologic analysis ...
Jehn Megan L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that blacks, on average, have a blunted decline in nocturnal blood pressure (BP) as compared with nonblacks. It is unknown whether differences in traditional determinants of BP, specifically diet and obesity, account for observed differences in diurnal patterns. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of the ...
Park S - - 2008
The accumulation of intermittent bouts of physical activity (PA) has been found to reduce blood pressure (BP) in prehypertension and hypertension. Yet, the BP response among several short sessions within the accumulation of PA in a single day has not been examined. The purpose of the study was (1) to ...
Niyonsenga Theophile - - 2008
The accuracy of blood pressure (BP) measurement is important; systematic small errors can mislabel BP status in many persons. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of 2 types of measurement errors on the evaluation of BP in family medicine: errors associated with terminal digit preference and ...
Pickering Thomas G - - 2008
This American Society of Hypertension position paper focuses on the importance of out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement for the clinical management of patients with hypertension and its complications. Studies have supported direct and independent associations of cardiovascular risk with ambulatory BP and inverse associations with the degree of BP reduction ...
Manunta Paolo - - 2008
The basolateral Na pump drives renotubular reabsorption. In cultured renal cells, mutant adducins, as well as sub-nanomolar ouabain concentrations, stimulate the Na-K pump. To determine whether these factors interact and affect Na handling and blood pressure (BP) in vivo, we studied 155 untreated hypertensive patients subdivided on the basis of ...
Pickering Thomas G - - 2008
Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) overcomes many of the limitations of traditional office blood pressure (BP) measurement and is both cheaper and easier to perform than ambulatory BP monitoring. Monitors that use the oscillometric method are currently available that are accurate, reliable, easy to use, and relatively inexpensive. An increasing ...
Baguet Jean-Philippe - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) detects subjects with normal clinic but high ambulatory 24-h BP, that is, masked hypertension. METHODS: One hundred and thirty newly diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients, free of recognized cardiovascular disease were included (111 men, age = 48 +/- 1 years, BMI ...
Afsar Baris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effect of uric acid on nocturnal dipping in hypertensive patients is unknown. We analyzed the specific relationship between uric acid and nocturnal dipping status in newly diagnosed essential hypertensive patients with normal renal function. METHODS: Two hundred fifteen patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood ...
Santamore William P - - 2008
In underserved populations, inadequate surveillance and treatment allows hypertension to persist until actual cardiovascular events occur. Thus, we developed an Internet-based telemedicine system to address the suboptimal control of hypertension and other modifiable risk factors. To minimize cost, the subjects used home monitors for blood pressure (BP) measurements and entered ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal blood pressure (BP) reduction and ambulatory pulse pressure (PP) are well known prognostic markers obtained from ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). The aim of this study is to investigate which one of these ABPM parameters is related to high cardiovascular risk profile in resistant hypertension, based on their associations ...
Chen Jing - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between blood pressure (BP) and mortality among patients with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study among 4195 CVD patients aged 40 years and older. Data on BP and covariables were obtained at a baseline examination in ...
Morabito Marco - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Higher blood pressure (BP) values in cold than in hot months has been documented in hypertensives. These changes may potentially contribute to the observed excess winter cardiovascular mortality. However, the association with weather has always been investigated by considering the relationship with a single variable rather than considering the ...
Formiga Francesc - - 2009
The objective of the study is to investigate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in a sample of Spanish nonagenarians. We also analyzed the misdiagnosis of hypertension and investigated blood pressure (BP) control in treated hypertensive nonagenarians. Twenty-four-hour ABPM was undertaken in a group of 42 nonagenarians. The 24-h mean, daytime ...
Flynn Joseph T - - 2008
Publication of the Fourth Report on high blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents by the National High BP Education Program (NHBPEP) in 2004 has been followed by a remarkable increase in interest in pediatric hypertension. New data have emerged on the epidemiology of hypertension in the young, the influence ...
Ziemssen Focke - - 2009
A dose-dependent increase in arterial blood pressure (BP) was seen during bevacizumab treatment given intravenously for metastatic carcinoma. Because low systemic levels can also be expected after the intravitreal administration of bevacizumab, we looked for possible haemodynamic reactions of patients at higher risk of developing cardiovascular events after bevacizumab injection. ...
Tsioufis C - - 2008
We investigated the effect of the diverse definition criteria of the dipping and non-dipping status on the assessed differences in inflammatory activation between dippers and non-dippers with essential hypertension. 269 consecutive subjects (188 males, aged 50+/-7 years) with untreated stage I-II essential hypertension underwent ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and ...
Henskens Léon H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We assessed how different definitions of the awake and asleep periods and use of various blood pressure (BP) indices affect the extent of the nocturnal BP dip, the prevalence of dippers and nondippers, their respective reproducibilities and the relation of nondipping with target-organ damage. METHODS: We performed 24-h ambulatory ...
Panerai R B - - 2008
Temporal variability of parameters which describe dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA), usually quantified by the short-term relationship between arterial blood pressure (BP) and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), could result from continuous adjustments in physiological regulatory mechanisms or could be the result of artefacts in methods of measurement, such as the ...
Karavanaki K - - 2008
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a well-defined complication of diabetes that occurs in the absence of ischemic heart disease or hypertension. Moreover impaired circadian blood pressure (BP) variation has been associated with autonomic dysfunction. The aim of our study was to evaluate diurnal BP fluctuations and autonomic function and their association with ...
Elghozi Jean-Luc - - 2008
Playing wind instruments requires expiratory efforts. Blowing low notes on a tuba means a low resistance to expiration while playing high notes requires a strenuous expiratory strain. The resulting high intrathoracic pressure may reproduce a Valsalva maneuver. Ten tuba players were asked to blow medium loud long (15 seconds) notes ...
Brooke-Smith Mark E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Acute pancreatitis is associated with compromised pancreatic microcirculation. Galanin is a vasoactive neuropeptide, but its role in the regulation of pancreatic vascular perfusion (PVP) is unclear. METHODS: Localization of galanin immunoreactivity was investigated by immunohistochemistry, and the effects of bolus doses of galanin or the antagonist galantide on blood ...
Eto Kimika - - 2008
Home blood pressure (HBP) measurement is useful for detecting morning hypertension, white coat as well as masked hypertension. However, target BP levels based on HBP remain unknown. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between HBP measurement and office BP control status in hypertensive patients. Subjects ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2008
Diagnosis of hypertension is critically dependent on accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), in whom early antihypertensive treatment is imperative to prevent cardiovascular events. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) has successfully identified hypertensive patients at increased risk, but its role in management of CKD ...
Turner Martin J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To quantify overdetection and underdetection of hypertension caused by systematic sphygmomanometer errors permitted by the current European standard (EN 1060 'noninvasive sphygmomanometers'). METHODS: We carried out Monte Carlo simulation of measurement of blood pressure (BP) of the adult Australian population using sphygmomanometers showing systematic errors compliant with the EN ...
Nolly Hector - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Self-measurement of blood pressure (BP) has been increasingly encouraged as a supplement to measurements in the clinic. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to clinically evaluate a new device for self-measurement of BP according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension (2002). METHODS: Measurements ...
Chiolero Arnaud - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of blood pressure (BP) in individuals is traditionally based on a few BP readings obtained at intervals of just a few minutes. We examined if increasing intervals between BP readings on one visit would have an impact on the BP estimates. METHODS: We conducted an examination survey ...
Ben-Dov Iddo Z - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous reports on the prognosis of white coat hypertension are ambiguous. We aimed to determine the prognostic implications of the white coat phenomenon in treated patients. METHODS: Our 14-year hospital-based ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring prospective database was analyzed for all-cause mortality. The relationships of the white coat and ...
Polo Friz Hernan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Blood pressure (BP) 'Cardiette BP one' system (BP one) is an oscillometric ambulatory BP monitor manufactured in Italy in conformity to current regulations for medical devices. We decided to determine the accuracy of measures made with BP one, using the protocol of the British Hypertension Society published in 1990, ...
Sizlan Ali - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Residence at high altitude has been associated with elevation in systemic blood pressure (BP), but few studies have been done on the time course and the effects of a median altitude. Moreover, there exist population differences in the reactions given to altitude and the mechanism is unknown. This study ...
Soudarssanane Mb - - 2008
Early diagnosis of hypertension (HT) is an important strategy in its control. Tracking of blood pressure (BP) has been found useful in identifying persons with potential HT, particularly in youngsters. A cohort of 756 subjects (with baseline information as a cross-sectional study in 2002) was followed up in 2006 to ...
Cheng Cynthia C Department of Family and Community Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Curtis Bldg, Suite 401, 1015 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. Cynthia.Cheng@ - - 2008
This study aimed to determine if capillary rarefaction is detectable and associated with endothelial dysfunction in persons with mild systolic blood pressure (SBP) elevation. Capillary density and endothelial function were quantified for 150 nondiabetic participants, grouped by blood pressure (BP) as normotensive, untreated high BP, and treated high BP. Structural ...
Elung-Jensen Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that status as a 'non-dipper' determined from 24-h blood pressure (BP) recordings is associated with increased risk of end-organ damage but little is known about the consistency of dipper status in renal patients. The present post hoc analysis evaluated dipper/non-dipper status prospectively in a study ...
Banegas J R - - 2009
This observational study investigates, for the first time, the actual or out-of-office control of hypertension among coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, by using 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). We used the Spanish Society of Hypertension ABPM Registry, based on a large-scale network of primary-care physicians consecutively recruiting hypertensive patients with ...
Phillips Craig L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased BP and other cardiometabolic risk factors. The aim of the present study was to determine whether arterial stiffness and central BP (two important cardiovascular risk factors) would change, independent of peripheral BP following either the initiation of or withdrawal from nasal ...
Alioglu Emin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The lack of nocturnal decline in blood pressure (BP) is associated with an increase in cardiovascular events. Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) is involved in the pathogenesis of risk factor-related vascular damage. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vascular endothelial functions, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), ...
Nazzaro Pietro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and diabetes are significantly associated with insulin resistance (IR), which could affect the vasodilatory capacity and microcirculation. The aim of the study was to verify whether IR is associated with a reduced microvascular blood flow in normoglycemic mild hypertensives. METHODS: Eighty-four untreated grade-1 hypertensives were equally divided, according ...
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