Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2698
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McLaughlin Douglas - - 2010
Interventions to improve pediatric blood pressure (BP) screening have not been well studied. The authors measured staff acceptance of 2 simple in-office interventions and measured the effect on physician recognition of elevated BP measurements. Group 1 used simplified normative pediatric BP tables affixed to the growth chart, group 2 used ...
da Silva Giovanio Vieira - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is not known if the adjustment of antihypertensive therapy based on home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) can improve blood pressure (BP) control among haemodialysis patients. METHODS: This is an open randomized clinical trial. Hypertensive patients on haemodialysis were randomized to have the antihypertensive therapy adjusted based on predialysis ...
Jiang Z - - 2010
To compare the circadian variation of blood pressure (BP) between patients with intra-cerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and with cerebral infarction (CI), around-the-clock BP measurements were obtained from 89 hypertensive patients with ICH, from 63 patients with CI and from 16 normotensive volunteers. The single and population-mean cosinor yielded individual and group ...
Atkinson Greg - - 2009
The exercise-related response of the rate-pressure-product (RPP) is a prognostic marker of autonomic imbalance, cardiovascular mortality, and silent myocardial ischemia in hypertension. In view of the well-known 24 h variation in out-of-hospital sudden cardiac events, our aim was to investigate whether the reactivity of RPP to everyday physical activities varies ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2009
It is well established that lowering blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension is associated with cardiovascular protection. Therefore, BP goals have been defined by international hypertension guidelines (<140/90 mmHg; <130/80 mmHg for patients with type 2 diabetes). However, the relationship of BP with prognosis is complex, and controlling office ...
Rosendorff Clive - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review assesses the evidence for the benefit of lower blood pressure (BP) targets in hypertension management. RECENT FINDINGS: The current consensus target for the treatment of hypertension is a BP of below 140/90 mmHg for all patients, and a BP of below 130/80 mmHg for those ...
Meyer Thomas - - 2009
The tight control of blood pressure (BP) is mandatory during cerebral aneurysm coiling to minimize abrupt changes in the transmural pressure across the aneurysm and thereby decrease the risk of rupture. Critical times during these procedures when significant BP changes may occur include anesthetic induction, endotracheal intubation, and emergence. Clevidipine ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2009
It is debated whether white-coat (WCHT) and masked hypertension (MHT) are at greater risk of developing a sustained hypertensive state (SHT). In 1412 subjects of the Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate e Loro Associazioni Study, we measured office blood pressure (BP), 24-hour ambulatory BP, and home BP. The condition of WCHT was ...
Lin L-Y - - 2009
This study aims to evaluate whether indoor particles are associated with elevated blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). We recruited 40 young, healthy students from universities in Taipei. We made four home visits in which we took consecutive 48-h measurements of systolic BP, (SBP) diastolic BP (DBP), and HR ...
Birns J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that impaired cerebral autoregulation and vasodilatory capacity may play in role in the pathogenesis of the leukoaraiosis seen in small vessel disease. Adequate perfusion of the deep white matter of the brain depends on the relationships between blood pressure (BP), cerebral vasoreactivity and autoregulation. METHODS: ...
Agarwal Rajiv R Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 111N, 1481 West 10th St, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. - - 2009
Although volume excess causes hypertension, whether it also affects circadian patterns of arterial pressures among hemodialysis patients remains unknown. To test the notion of whether volume overload is associated with a unique blood pressure (BP) "signature," a posthoc analysis was performed among 145 patients participating in the Dry-Weight Reduction in ...
Agarwal Rajiv R Division of Nephrology, Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN, USA. - - 2009
Hemodialysis patients have a steady increase in blood pressure (BP) during the 44-hour interdialytic interval when ambulatory BP monitoring is used. Home BP recording allows for a longer period of monitoring between dialysis treatments and may better define the chronobiological characteristics of arterial hypertension. This study sought to determine the ...
Stergiou George S - - 2009
In type 1 diabetes, the risk of nephropathy is strongly influenced by the level of blood pressure (BP). Ambulatory BP (ABP) monitoring has revealed an association between disturbed nocturnal BP drop and albuminuria and suggested a role of BP in microalbuminuria development. This study investigated the relationship between the urinary ...
Pierdomenico Sante D - - 2009
The independent prognostic significance of different indices of blood pressure (BP) variability is not clear. We investigated the prognostic value of BP variability estimated as s.d. or average real variability (ARV) of daytime and night time BP, in hypertensive patients. The occurrence of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events was evaluated ...
Blasi Eileen - - 2009
ILLUMINATE, the phase 3 morbidity and mortality trial of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor, torcetrapib, plus atorvastatin terminated in 2006. The underlying morbidity and mortality cause remains undetermined. In addition to lipoprotein changes, off-target increases in blood pressure (BP), sodium, bicarbonate, and aldosterone and potassium decreases were described. ...
Sehestedt Thomas - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Medical treatment of healthy individuals with high normal blood pressure (BP) is recommended if there is subclinical organ damage (SOD). We examined which markers of SOD to use based on their supplementary prognostic value. METHODS: In a population sample of 1968 individuals, aged 41, 51, 61 and 71 years, ...
Ohkubo Takayoshi - - 2009
Ambulatory and home blood pressure (BP) measurements more accurately and reliably reflect the true BP levels of individuals than conventional BP measurement. Moreover, they can be measured over an extended period, thus generating information about BP variability. We conducted a population-based prospective study in Japan (the Ohasama study), demonstrating their ...
Liivak Kaur - - 2009
AIM: To study the effect of two hydrocortisone (HC) treatment regimens on 24-h blood pressure (BP) profiles in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). DESIGN: Six patients (4 F/2 M) with the salt-wasting form of CAH, aged from 5.0-9.7 years, underwent 24-h BP monitoring on two treatment regimens: a higher ...
Myers Martin G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Conventional office blood pressure (BP) readings are affected by various factors including the presence of an observer and the setting. This study was undertaken to assess the consistency of automated self-measurement of BP in the office during repeat visits and in different settings. Automated office BP readings were also ...
Eguchi Kazuo K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2009
To clarify whether a shorter interval between three successive home blood pressure (HBP) readings (10 s vs. 1 min) taken twice a day gives a better prediction of the average 24-h BP and better patient compliance. We enrolled 56 patients from a hypertension clinic (mean age: 60 +/- 14 years; ...
Mellman Thomas A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping in young adult African Americans (AAs). PTSD is associated with physical illnesses including cardiovascular conditions. Sleep disturbances related to heightened arousal likely contribute to physical health risk; however, this possibility has not been studied. ...
Karemaker John M - - 2009
Inflight 24-h profiles of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded in 2 ESA-astronauts by automatic upper arm cuff measurements. In one astronaut this was combined with Portapres continuous finger blood pressure recordings. It was the intention to contrast the latter to 24-h recordings in an earlier Head-Down-Tilted ...
Takeda Atsushi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nondipper hypertensive patients have more pronounced target organ injury. We examined whether shifting the time of dosing long-acting antihypertensive drugs from morning to bedtime reduces nocturnal blood pressure (BP) and restores normal nocturnal dipping in nondippers with essential hypertension. METHODS: We studied 71 Japanese hypertensive patients who received long-acting ...
Thomas KaMala S KS UCLA Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-7076, United States. - - 2009
Although neighborhood disadvantage has been linked to the development of cardiovascular disease, the mechanism through which living in impoverished neighborhoods is associated with poor cardiovascular health is not well understood. Additionally, it is not clear whether individual socioeconomic status (SES) interacts with neighborhood factors to influence cardiovascular outcomes. Using multilevel ...
Rinfret St?phane - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading mortality risk factor yet inadequately controlled in most affected subjects. Effective programs to address this problem are lacking. We hypothesized that an information technology-supported management program could help improve blood pressure (BP) control. METHODS AND RESULTS: This randomized controlled trial included 223 primary care hypertensive ...
Birns Jonathan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although hypertension is known to cause brain damage and cognitive impairment, epidemiological studies suggest that lower blood pressure (BP) in patients with established cerebrovascular disease is associated with more rapid cognitive decline. We investigated the relationship between 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) measurements, cerebrovascular disease load and cognitive performance ...
Ozawa Motoko - - 2009
We examined risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) by ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring in 72 diabetic hypertensives who were hospitalized for the educational program. The patients were divided into two groups (CHD group, 19 subjects; and non-CHD group, 53 subjects) along with or without co-existing CHD. On ambulatory ...
Scuteri Angelo - - 2009
AIMS: Left ventricular (LV) mass increase is considered part of composite target organ damage in hypertension and an independent risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) events. This study was designed to explore whether left ventricular mass index (LVMI) is associated with cognitive decline and dementia in elderly subjects, independently of blood ...
Zhao Weixin - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Stimulation of the cavernous nerve elicits increases in intracavernosal pressure (ICP) and visible penile erection (VPE) in rats. The observed penile erection can be characterized by the change in ICP and the ratio of ICP over blood pressure (BP; systemic blood pressure). AIM: We evaluated correlations between ICP, BP, ...
Duan Jun-Li - - 2009
1. Blood pressure variability (BPV) includes physiological and random variations in blood pressure (BP). Commonly used approaches, such as standard deviation (SD) and weighted standard deviation (wSD) methods, do not efficiently assess random variation in BP. In the present study, we propose a novel method to assess individual BP variations, ...
Akasheh Ashkan - - 2009
Chinese rural residents make up one-eighth of the world's population. Hypertension (HTN) and its resultant cardiovascular complications are rapidly increasing in this vast segment of humanity, while its treatment and control remain unacceptably low. HTN is associated with increased left ventricular mass (LVM), but the magnitude and characteristics of this ...
Mitsuhashi Hiroshi - - 2009
Previous studies have shown increases in ambulatory short-term blood pressure (BP) variability to be related to cardiovascular disease. In this study, we examined whether an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker losartan would improve ambulatory short-term BP variability in hypertensive patients on hemodialysis. Forty hypertensive patients on hemodialysis therapy were ...
Zhang Rong - - 2009
The physiological mechanism(s) for the regulation of the dynamic pressure-flow relationship of the cerebral circulation are not well understood. We studied the effects of acute cerebral vasoconstriction on the transfer function between spontaneous changes in blood pressure (BP) and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in 13 healthy subjects (30 +/- ...
Lee S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Little is known about the effect of magnesium on insulin sensitivity and BP in healthy individuals. Therefore, we investigated whether magnesium could improve insulin sensitivity and blood pressure (BP) in normo-magnesemic nondiabetic overweight adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial, a total of 155 ...
Sakka Samir G - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Systolic pressure variation (SPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) are clinical indicators of fluid responsiveness. However, several factors may influence these parameters and thereby limit their usefulness. In this clinical study, we analysed SPV and SVV in comparison with static preload parameters during an increase in arterial ...
KrzemiƄski K - - 2009
Our previous study showed elevation of plasma adrenomedullin (ADM) during static handgrip in patients with heart failure (HF). It is hypothesized that ADM increases with left ventricle dysfunction during handgrip and thus plays a compensatory role. In the present study pre-ejection period (PEP) and left ventricular ejection time (LVET) were ...
Dechering Dirk G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Studies directly comparing the associations of intima-media thickness with blood pressure (BP) on manual sphygmomanometric blood pressure measurement (SBPM) and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) are scarce and have a cross-sectional design. METHODS: At baseline, we measured systolic and diastolic blood pressures, pulse pressure, and mean arterial pressure ...
Suh Myung-Whan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the merits of a blood pressure (BP) manometry feedback method for measurement of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials. METHODS: Sixty ears of 30 normal volunteers were prospectively investigated. The vestibular evoked myogenic potentials were recorded under 3 different conditions: in the feedback-negative ...
Liu Zhong Z Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Medical School of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2009
Ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) is a novel estimate of arterial stiffness, which independently predicts cardiovascular mortality, even in normotensive individuals. Additionally, other markers derived from ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring, including variability, pulse pressure, nocturnal dipping, and morning BP surge, have all been shown to be predictive of end-organ ...
Pausova Zdenka Z Brain and Body Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom. - - 2009
FTO is the first gene established as contributing to common forms of obesity. The gene is highly expressed in the hypothalamus and is thought to mediate this effect through its influence on energy homeostasis. The hypothalamus, however, also regulates blood pressure (BP). Therefore, we investigated whether the FTO-risk variant is ...
Verheyden Bart - - 2009
To what extent does going to space affect cardiovascular function? Although many studies have addressed this question, the answer remains controversial. Even for such primary parameters as heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) contradictory results have been presented. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate HR and arterial ...
Li Zhibin - - 2009
This study evaluates the tracking stability of office blood pressure (BP), ambulatory BP (ABP), BP variability (BPV) and nocturnal BP drops (dipping) from childhood to early adulthood, and their dependence on ethnicity, gender and family history (FH) of essential hypertension (EH). Generalized estimating equations (GEEs) were used to estimate tracking ...
Stergiou G S - - 2009
Oscillometric devices are being widely used for ambulatory, home and office blood pressure (BP) measurement. However, even successfully validated oscillometric devices fail to provide accurate measurements in some patients. This study investigated the prevalence, the reproducibility and the characteristics of the phenomenon of unreliable oscillometric BP (UOBP) measurement. A total ...
Andoh Daisaku - - 2009
In non-diabetic patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) at early stages of chronic kidney disease, it remains unclear whether the degree of proteinuria affects the nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dip. We evaluated the relationship among circadian BP rhythm, proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia in these patients. We also evaluated the autonomic nervous activity. ...
Soylu Ahmet - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To determine the individual effect of abnormalities in blood pressure (BP) circadian rhythm (non-dipping status (NDS), increased morning BP (MBP) or increased MBP surge (MBPS)) on target organ damage (TOD) and which of these is more closely related to TOD in normotensives. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 24-h ambulatory BP ...
Conen David - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the association between socioeconomic status, blood pressure (BP) progression, and incident hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 27 207 female health professionals free of hypertension and cardiovascular disease at baseline. Participants were classified into five education and six income categories. The ...
Ivanova Anna A Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University. Sofia ( Bulgaria - - 2009
To compare the prescribing practice and pharmacotherapy outpatient cost of hypertension and its common complications between two neighboring countries, Bulgaria and Serbia. The study questions focus on consistency of the prescribing practice with the treatment guidelines; comparability of the treatment patterns among both countries, and burden of hypertension cost to ...
Furusawa E A - - 2009
Blood pressure (BP) measurement is the basis for the diagnosis and management of arterial hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare BP measurements performed in the office and at home (home blood pressure monitoring, HBPM) in children and adolescents with chronic arterial hypertension. HBPM was performed by the ...
Dvonch J Timothy JT Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan, 109 South Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA. - - 2009
Recent studies have suggested a link between exposure to ambient particulate matter <2.5 microm in diameter (PM(2.5)) and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of differing community-level exposure to PM(2.5) on daily measures of blood pressure (BP) among an adult population. During the ...
Stergiou George S - - 2009
Studies using ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring have shown that in children and adolescents masked hypertension (MH) is not uncommon. This school-based study investigated the prevalence and the characteristics of MH diagnosed using home BP measurements. A total of 765 subjects aged 6-18 years were assessed with office (two visits, ...
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