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Results 451 - 500 of 2928
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Kwok Chun Shing CS Cardiovascular Institute, University of Manchester , Manchester , - - 2014
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of renal denervation in patients with resistant hypertension. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies that evaluated the use of catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation compared to a control group and reported blood pressure results at follow-up. Data was ...
van Hecke Oliver O http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6229-5057 Nuffield Department of Primary Health Care Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
Hospitals and specialists in the UK are increasingly prescribing and dispensing off-license drugs such as ketamine which are not routinely included in the prescribing record of the general practitioner (GP). We present the case of a 67-year-old woman who developed an episode of uncontrolled raised blood pressure (BP) (224/124 mm Hg) following ...
Oliva Raymond V RV Section of Hypertension, Department of Medicine, University of the Philippines, Philippine General Hospital, Manila, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension defined as requiring 3 or more complementary antihypertensive drugs at maximally tolerated doses accounts for approximately 3% to 4% of all cases of hypertension. Its increased incidence over the past decade is related to the increase in obesity in the Western world. There are a number of dietary ...
Støy Julie J Department of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
The genetics of hypertension has been scrutinized in large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with a large number of common genetic variants identified, each exerting subtle effects on disease susceptibility. An amino acid polymorphism, p.Arg82Cys, in CD300LG was recently found to be associated with fasting HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The polymorphism ...
Billups Sarah J SJ 16601 Centretech Pkwy, Aurora, CO 80011. E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives To evaluate the health system cost of a home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) program versus usual care in an integrated healthcare system. Study Design This cost-effectiveness analysis was based upon a previously completed randomized controlled trial of 348 hypertensive patients, in which mean systolic blood pressure (BP) was lowered ...
Barrios Vivencio V Department of Cardiology, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, - - 2014
Combined therapy is required in the majority of patients with hypertension to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets. Although different antihypertensive drugs can be combined, not all combinations are equally effective and safe. In this context, the combination of a renin angiotensin system inhibitor with a diuretic, usually a thiazide, particularly ...
El Bcheraoui Charbel C Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, - - 2014
Current data on hypertension in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are lacking. We conducted a national survey to inform decision-makers on the current magnitude of the epidemic. We measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 10,735 Saudis aged 15 years or older and interviewed them through a national multistage survey. ...
Ghadhanfar Elham E Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, - - 2014
Ouabain is a cardiac glycoside produced in the adrenal glands and hypothalamus. It affects the function of all cells by binding to Na+/K+-ATPase. Several lines of evidence suggest that endogenous ouabain could be involved in the pathogenesis of essential (particularly, salt-sensitive) hypertension. However, information regarding the postulated hypertensive effect of ...
Zeiler F A FA Section of Neurosurgery, University of Manitoba, GB-1 820 Sherbrook Street, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3A - - 2014
Background. During hypertensive therapy for post-subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) symptomatic vasospasm, norepinephrine is commonly used to reach target blood pressures. Concerns over aggravation of vasospasm with norepinephrine exist. Objective. To describe norepinephrine temporally related deterioration in neurological examination of two post-SAH patients in vasospasm. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed two charts of ...
Liu Fuqiang F Department of Cardiovascular, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China - - 2014
Background WNK1 (With No-lysine Kinase 1) modulates numerous sodium transport-related ion channels involved in regulation of blood pressure. Several studies have indicated associations between the common variants of the WNK1 gene and hypertension or blood pressure levels. However, little data exists on Asian populations and normotensive or pre-hypertensive subjects. Our ...
Sinnakirouchenan Ramapriya R Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
In patients with chronic kidney disease, an impaired capacity of the kidney to excrete sodium is a major contributor to hypertension. We discuss the role of sodium restriction and diuretic therapy for resistant hypertension in chronic kidney disease. Independent of increasing blood pressure, a sustained high sodium intake also may ...
Varagic Jasmina J Hypertension and Vascular Research Center, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC USA ; Division of Surgical Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC USA ; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC - - 2014
Despite significant advances in pharmacologic approaches to treat hypertension during the last decades, hypertension- and hypertension-related organ damage are still a high health and economic burden because a large proportion of patients with hypertension do not achieve optimal blood pressure control. There is now general agreement that combination therapy with ...
Dodson Gregory M - - 2014
Perioperative hypertension has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of perioperative morbidity and mortality. The time spent outside acceptable blood pressure ranges, in a state of hypertension or hypotension, is correlated with the incidence of stroke, acute coronary syndrome, renal dysfunction, and death. The ideal perioperative ...
Collister John P JP Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. - - 2014
The brain senses circulating levels of angiotensin II (AngII) via circumventricular organs, such as the subfornical organ (SFO), and is thought to adjust sympathetic nervous system output accordingly via this neuro-hormonal communication. However, the cellular signaling mechanisms involved in these communications remain to be fully understood. Previous lesion studies of ...
Cao Kaiwu K Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ankle-arm blood pressure (BP) difference (An-a) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) are consistent in treated hypertensive patients with obvious BP variation. This study enrolled 414 hypertensive patients (200 males; mean age, 61.3 ± 13.3 years) admitted to our hospital. BP of four limbs was simultaneously ...
Wang Yixuan Y Department of Cardiology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Chaoyang District, Beijing, - - 2014
Homocysteine (Hcy) is regarded as a risk factor for hypertension, but research on the causal relationship between Hcy and hypertension is limited. In the present study, we prospectively tracked the blood pressure progression of a normotensive population with different Hcy levels over a 2-year period. The incidence of hypertension with ...
Sarafidis Pantelis A PA Department of Nephrology, Hippokration Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Konstantinoupoleos 49, GR54642, Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Until a few years ago, information regarding the epidemiology of resistant hypertension was obtained from indirect sources, such as cross-sectional studies on hypertension control in large cohorts from tertiary hypertension centers and outcome trials in hypertension. During the past 3 years, however, large population-based studies have provided direct epidemiologic data ...
Nnenna Adaeze Nnamani N Department of Medical Laboratory Science (Haematology and Blood Group Serology Unit), University of Calabar, PMB 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, - - 2014
Introduction. Several biomedical findings have established the effects of hypertension on haemostasis and roles of blood coagulation products in the clinical course of hypertension. Methods. This cross-sectional study aimed at determining effects of hypertension on prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) in hypertensive patients in comparison with ...
Hatori Nobuo N Kanagawa Physicians - - 2014
We performed cross-sectional surveys to investigate changes in clinical practices regarding blood-pressure control in patients with hypertension from 2008 through 2011. Questionnaires regarding the care of patients with hypertension were mailed to members of the Kanagawa Physicians Association in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Data were obtained on 675 patients in 2008, ...
Magdás Annamária A County Clinical Hospital-Internal Medicine Department IV, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tîrgu Mures, Str. Gh. Marinescu Nr. 38, 540139 Tîrgu Mures, - - 2014
Hypertension in the elderly is characterized by isolated systolic hypertension and high variability, but its clinical significance is not yet fully understood. The goal of this paper was to assess circadian blood pressure variability (BPV) in elderly hypertensives, and to determine its relationship to cardiovascular risk factors. To achieve this ...
Valente-Filho Jamil Mattar - - 2014
Hypertension is a major cardiovascular (CV) risk factor and elevated blood pressure poses a significant burden for the whole CV hemodynamics. Along the last decades different techniques and resources have been developed, including ultrasound´s M-mode and B-mode, spectral Doppler, tissue Doppler and color Doppler. Techniques from newer resources as speckle ...
Santi Xavier Patrícia P Botucatu School of Medicine, São Paulo State University, São Paulo, - - 2014
Volume overload is the main factor responsible for the pathogenesis of hypertension in dialysis patients. Few studies have evaluated the interpretation of the parameters obtained by bioelectrical impedance (BIA) to manage these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the best cutoff level of volume overload obtained by ...
Míguez-Burbano María José MJ School of Integrated Science and Humanity (SISH), Florida International University, Miami, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Industrialized countries are currently experiencing an epidemic of high blood pressure (HBP) extending to people living with HIV (PLWH). Given the prevalence of hazardous alcohol use (HAU), this study examines the relationship between alcohol consumption and hypertension in PLWH. Including a gender analysis is critical, given the high rates of ...
Tadic Marijana M University Clinical Hospital Center "Dr. Dragisa Misovic - Dedinje", Department of Cardiology, Heroja Milana Tepica 1, Belgrade 11000, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to investigate (1) left atrial (LA) and right atrial (RA) phasic function and mechanics; (2) heart rate variability (HRV); and (3) their relationship in untreated hypertensive patients. This cross-sectional study involved 73 untreated hypertensive patients and 51 subjects without cardiovascular risk factors with similar gender and age. All ...
Mutua Ernest Muthami EM School of Health Sciences, Dedan Kimathi University of Technology, Nyeri, - - 2014
Uncontrolled hypertension is a leading modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Data on adequacy of blood pressure control in Kenya is scarce. This study aimed at assessing the level of blood pressure control among hypertensive patients on follow-up in a regional referral hospital. Data regarding blood pressure, ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2014
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions, and studies about them have been attracting significant interest. The aim of our study was to assess the toxic elements arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), and lead (Pb) in biological samples (scalp hair, blood, ...
Yang Lei L Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Nanjing Children's Hospital Affiliated of Nanjing Medical University Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) leads to pressure overload in the right ventricle (RV) and induces right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH). GPR91 is an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that has been characterized as a receptor for succinate, which increases in RVH; however, its role remains unknown. We studied succinate-GPR91 signaling in a ...
Wasilewski G G Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantology, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Cracow, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiac transplantation is the definitive therapy for eligible patients with end-stage heart failure. Hypertension is a widely accepted risk factor for its outcome. We analyzed 169 heart transplant recipients. The diagnosis of hypertension was made on the basis of information gathered at 3 consecutive visits. Complete blood count, urea, serum ...
Wall Piper L - - 2014
Pressure distribution over tourniquet width is a determinant of pressure needed for arterial occlusion. Different width tensioning systems could result in arterial occlusion pressure differences among nonelastic strap designs of equal width. Ratcheting Medical Tourniquets (RMTs; m2 inc., http://www.ratcheting buckles.com) with a 1.9cm-wide (Tactical RMT) or 2.3cm-wide (Mass Casualty RMT) ...
Pechanova Olga O Institute of Normal and Pathological Physiology and Centre of Excellence for Nitric Oxide Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava 81371, Slovak Republic. - - 2014
The pineal hormone, melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), shows potent receptor-dependent and -independent actions, which participate in blood pressure regulation. The antihypertensive effect of melatonin was demonstrated in experimental and clinical hypertension. Receptor-dependent effects are mediated predominantly through MT1 and MT2 G-protein coupled receptors. The pleiotropic receptor-independent effects of melatonin with a possible ...
Mizuno Tomohiro T Department of Analytical Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya, - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring systems and pharmacist management programs were introduced into Haruka Community Pharmacy. A 22-year-old healthy male came to the community pharmacy, although he was not in a diseased state, he had been informed previously that he had a moderately high BP during a routine examination. He continued ...
Chung Chang-Min CM School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan ; Division of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension (RH) is a common clinical condition associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in older patients. Several factors and conditions interfering with blood pressure (BP) control, such as excess sodium intake, obesity, diabetes, older age, kidney disease, and certain identifiable causes of hypertension are common in patients resistant ...
Alleyne T T Biochemistry Unit, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex, Uriah Butler Highway, Champs Fleurs, Trinidad and Tobago. - - 2013
Hypertension, defined as diastolic pressure ≥ 90 mmHg and systolic pressure ≥ 140 mmHg, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among black populations globally. Several studies have shown that prolonged consumption of cocoa or cocoa containing products leads to decreased blood pressure (BP) in hypertensives. In this study, ...
Guha Santanu - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring provides a more reliable assessment of actual BP than office BP and is a more sensitive risk predictor of clinical cardiovascular outcomes. Recent international guidelines for hypertension have emphasised the usefulness of ambulatory BP for diagnosis and management of hypertension. We used ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ...
Ikegami Toru T Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of splenectomy in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using left lobe grafts. The two hundred and fifty LDLT cases were divided into two groups: Group-S (n = 98, simultaneous splenectomy) and Group-NS (n = 152). Group-S had significantly increased recipient age (54.5 ...
Silva Aline Riquena da - - 2013
Pressure increase in the portal venous system, caused by reduction of blood supply to the liver, develops collateral circulation of splanchnic vessel that reaches the venous system of superior vena cava. The spleen works as an auxiliary capacitance system which compensates the increase in portal pressure that may cause splenomegaly. ...
Alegria-Barrero Eduardo E Department of Cardiology and Interventional Cardiology, Torrejon University Hospital, Madrid, - - 2013
A 53-year-old male was referred to our Department for refractory primary hypertension. Despite high doses of 6 anti-hypertensive drugs, ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure (BP) revealed a mean BP of 160/90 mmHg. Under local anaesthesia, renal denervation with radiofrequency was performed supported by high-resolution 3D angiography, which helped confirm the ...
Zaporowska-Stachowiak Iwona I Chair and Department of Pharmacology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
There has been enormous progress in antihypertensive therapy over the last few decades. However, the management of arterial hypertension is still insufficient and more efforts are needed to improve both non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of this widely prevalent disease. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibition is crucial both for blood pressure (BP) ...
Helvacı Ayşen A Clinic of 2 Internal Medicine, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2013
To determine the correlation between left ventricular mass index and calcium metabolism in patients with essential hypertension. Cross sectional case-control study. Twenty-seven patients with essential hypertension and 20 healthy individuals were compared with respect to calciotropic hormones, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and urinary and serum biochemical parameters. The correlations ...
Riaz Nashmia N Doctors Hospital of Augusta, Augusta, - - 2013
Posterior reversible encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a rare syndrome that is reversible in most cases but can rarely lead to irreversible brain damage and death. Most cases occur after rapid rise in blood pressure. We report a 56 year-old Caucasian male with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung who presented with ...
Hruby Paul M PM *Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, and †Neurosurgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska; and ‡VA Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, Omaha, - - 2013
To describe a case of intravitreal silicone oil (SO) migration into the cerebral ventricles with secondary chronic headaches. Retrospective case report. Chart review. Single patient. A 51-year-old man with a history of proliferative diabetic retinopathy underwent surgery for traction retinal detachment using SO. Postoperatively, he developed elevated intraocular pressure, headaches, ...
Rathi Preeti P Deptt of Physiology, LLRM Medical College, Meerut 250004 (UP), - - 2013
Hypertension is a global problem. Positive family history of hypertension is one of the risk factors for being hypertensive in future life for their children. Hyperactive sympathetic nervous system is reported in children of hypertensive parents. The main objective of the study was to observe the magnitude of alterations in ...
Requarth Jay Anthony - - 2012
Proximal splenic artery embolotherapy can be used as an adjunct to nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury (BSI); however, the hemodynamic changes in the distal splenic artery after proximal splenic artery occlusion are unknown. A retrospective review of 48 patients who underwent transient occlusion of the proximal splenic artery with ...
Liu Jianhua - - 2012
The spleen is a solid organ in which splenomegaly frequently develops and to which abdominal blunt trauma occurs. In this study, we demonstrated the potential therapeutic effect of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) combined with prothrombin to disrupt splenic circulation. A high-pressure-amplitude therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) device was used to treat 36 surgically ...
Bertoloni Meli Domenico - - 2012
Starting from the works by Aselli (De lactibus sive lacteis venis, 1627) on the milky veins and Harvey (1628, translated in 1993) on the motion of the heart and the circulation of the blood, the practice of vivisection witnessed a resurgence in the early modern period. I discuss some of ...
Sumiyoshi Akira - - 2012
The simultaneous recordings of neuronal and hemodynamic signals have revealed a significant involvement of high frequency bands (e.g., gamma range, 25-70Hz) in neurovascular coupling. However, the dependence on a physiological parameter is unknown. In this study, we performed simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recordings in 12 ...
Steinmann William C - - 2011
Practice guidelines recommend home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in the management of hypertension. We surveyed generalists and subspecialists regarding HBPM attitudes and practices in hypertensive patients. Both use HBPM for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but question the evidence regarding HBPM efficacy. Standardized implementation and monitoring methods to improve HBPM practices ...
Pracca Francisco F Universidad de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay, Montevideo, - - 2011
This article describes a device for the reduction of intra-abdominal pressure. The device (ABDOPRE) includes a unique external servo-control mechanism, based on urinary bladder pressure measurement. The results of ABDOPRE use in the first four intra-abdominal hypertension patients are reported; the device resulted in a reduction of intra-abdominal pressure between ...
Leitão Cristiane B - - 2011
To estimate the daytime ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) value corresponding to the target office blood pressure (BP; 130/80 mmHg) for diabetic patients and to identify which patients with diabetes may benefit from ABPM. A cross-sectional study was conducted with type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. ABPM (Spacelabs90207) and ...
Bilo Grzegorz - - 2011
Little is known about the effects of cardiovascular drugs at high altitude. To assess 24-h blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during short-term altitude exposure in healthy normotensive persons treated with carvedilol or nebivolol. Participants were randomized in double-blind to placebo, nebivolol 5 mg once daily or carvedilol 25 ...
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