Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2174
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Smith Robert - - 2013
Elevated pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is a significant healthcare risk. Continuous monitoring for patients with elevated PAP is crucial for effective treatment, yet the most accurate method is invasive and expensive, and cannot be performed repeatedly. Noninvasive methods exist but are somewhat inaccurate, expensive, and cannot be used for continuous ...
Saigal Aparna - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PAH) is a condition of the lungs characterised by an elevated arterial pressure and increased vascular resistance. Existing medications have to be administered frequently, resulting in non compliance by patients. Little work has been reported to date where microspheres have been developed to control the release of drug ...
Goligher Ewan C - - 2013
High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) seems ideal for lung protection in acute respiratory distress syndrome, but randomized trials have not shown a mortality reduction. The initial oxygenation response to HFOV appears to be associated with survival. Here, we discuss the mechanisms of oxygenation response to increases in airway pressure and the ...
Kan Hong - - 2013
Abstract The inhalation of nano-sized air pollutant particles is a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular disease; however, the link between occupational exposure to engineered nanoparticles and adverse cardiovascular events remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that pulmonary exposure of rats to ultrafine titanium dioxide (UFTiO2) significantly increased heart ...
Liu Songqiao - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) at higher frequencies minimizes the tidal volume. However, whether increased frequencies during HFOV can reduce ventilator-induced lung injury remains unknown. METHODS:: After the induction of acute respiratory distress syndrome in the model by repeated lavages, 24 adult sheep were randomly divided into four groups (n ...
Boussen Salah - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the most recent transport ventilators operational capacities regarding volume delivery in controlled mode, trigger function and the quality of pressurization in pressure support modeMethods:Eight recent transport ventilators were included in a bench study in order to evaluate: 1) Their accuracy to deliver ...
Haas Sebastian A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The thermodilution curve assessed by transpulmonary thermodilution is the basis for calculation of global end-diastolic volume index (GEDI) and extravascular lung water index (EVLWI). Until now, it was unclear whether the method is affected by 1-lung ventilation. Therefore, aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of 1-lung ventilation ...
Hua Dong-Ming - - 2013
This study was undertaken to determine whether twitch mouth pressure (TwPmo) can reliably assess diaphragm strength in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using fully automatic trigger techniques. Fifteen patients with COPD were recruited. TwPmo, twitch oesophageal pressure (TwPes) and twitch transdiaphragmtic pressure (TwPdi) were generated by phrenic nerve ...
van Berkel Saskia - - 2013
PURPOSE: Early prediction of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) requirement in term newborns with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN), partially responding to inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) and/or high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), based on oxygenation parameters. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in 53 partial responders from among 133 term newborns with ...
Janjindamai Waricha - - 2013
The aims of this study were to determine the effectiveness (oxygenation), safety (hemodynamic status) and short term outcomes of intravenous iloprost (IVI) administration as a rescue therapy in severe persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Retrospective medical records review. Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit at Songklanagarind Hospital, Songkhla Province, ...
Huh Jin-Won - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the newly introduced ventilation parameters that are used at the bedside to estimate cardiopulmonary function during positive pressure ventilation (PPV). RECENT FINDINGS: PPV induces right atrial pressure changes over the ventilator cycle. Positive end-expiratory pressure-induced central venous pressure changes and pulse pressure variation have been ...
Blankman Paul - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of varying levels of assist during pressure support (PSV) and Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) on the aeration of the dependent and non-dependent lung regions by means of Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). METHODS: We studied ten mechanically ventilated patients ...
Bayat Sam - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Ventilator-induced lung injury occurs due to exaggerated local stresses, repeated collapse, and opening of terminal air spaces in poorly aerated dependent lung, and increased stretch in nondependent lung. The aim of this study was to quantify the functional behavior of peripheral lung units in whole-lung lavage-induced surfactant depletion, and ...
Lange Tobias J TJ Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Pneumology, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) often leads to dilatation of the pulmonary artery (PA), which can be measured on chest computed tomography (CT). While the predictive capability of PA dilatation is useful to distinguish PH (mean PA pressure ≥25 mmHg) from normal (mean PA pressure ≤ 20 mmHg), CT characteristics of borderline ...
Wang Jian - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a lethal disease with no cure currently available. Sodium Tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) is a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA isolated as the major active component from salvia miltiorrhiza, a kind of Chinese herbal medicine. We investigate the efficacy of STS towards treatment of PH patients. ...
Bhandari Vineet - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the most common chronic lung disease in infancy, has serious long-term pulmonary and neurodevelopmental consequences right up to adulthood, and is associated with significant healthcare costs. BPD is a multifactorial disease, with genetic and environmental factors interacting to culminate in the characteristic clinical and pathological phenotype. Among ...
Howe M S MS Boston University, College of Engineering, 110 Cummington Mall, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. - - 2013
An investigation is made of the influence of subglottal boundary conditions on the prediction of voiced sounds. It is generally assumed in mathematical models of voicing that vibrations of the vocal folds are maintained by a constant subglottal mean pressure pI, whereas voicing is actually initiated by contraction of the ...
Chang Wan-Tsu W - - 2013
Mechanical ventilation in neurologically injured patients presents unique challenges. Patients with acute neurologic injuries may require mechanical ventilation for reasons beyond respiratory failure. There is also a subset of pulmonary pathologic abnormality directly associated with neurologic injuries. Balancing the need to maintain brain oxygenation, cerebral perfusion, and control of intracranial ...
Costa Eduardo Lv - - 2013
Applying tidal volumes of less than 6 mL/kg might improve lung protection in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. In a recent article, Retamal and colleagues showed that such a reduction is feasible with conventional mechanical ventilation and leads to less tidal recruitment and overdistension without causing carbon dioxide retention ...
Wiesen Jonathan J Department of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Institute A90, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, , Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2013
The need to provide invasive mechanical ventilatory support to patients with myocardial infarction and acute left heart failure is common. Despite the large number of patients requiring mechanical ventilation in this setting, there are remarkably few data addressing the ideal mode of respiratory support in such patients. Although there is ...
Alencar Allan K N - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pulmonary hypertension is characterized by enhanced pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular hypertrophy, and increased right ventricular systolic pressure. Here, we investigated the effects of a N-acylhydrazone derivative, 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl-N-methyl-benzoilidrazide (LASSBio-1359), on the therapeutic treatment of monocrotaline induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Male Wistar rats were divided ...
Nonaka Paula N - - 2013
Lung bioengineering based on decellularized organ scaffolds is a potential alternative for transplantation. Freezing/thawing, a usual procedure in organ decellularization and storage could modify the mechanical properties of the lung scaffold and reduce the performance of the bioengineered lung when subjected to the physiological inflation-deflation breathing cycles. The aim of ...
Dai Bing - - 2013
Background:Most portable bi-level positive airway pressure (BPAP) devices are not equipped with air-oxygen blenders for precisely regulating oxygen concentrations and supplemental oxygen must be added to increase the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2). Very few studies have investigated the factors that affect FiO2 and their conclusions were inconsistent. We investigated ...
De Backer Daniel - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the role of the invasive monitoring techniques pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) and transpulmonary thermodilution (TPD) for cardiopulmonary monitoring in the critically ill patient. RECENT FINDINGS: Characterization of the nature of hemodynamic alterations and hemodynamic optimization can be achieved both with PAC and TPD. Some recent ...
Menendez Carmen - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome are characterized by increased pulmonary artery pressure and ventilation-perfusion mismatch. We analyzed the changes in the pulmonary vascular function in a model of ventilator-induced acute lung injury. DESIGN:: Controlled in vivo laboratory study. SETTING:: Animal research laboratory. SUBJECTS:: Anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley ...
Lafitte Stéphane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To date, Doppler echocardiography is the most widespread and well-recognized technique for the noninvasive evaluation of systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP). However, recent studies have reported reservations about the relevance of Doppler echocardiography or the tool's reliability in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Thus, ...
Bech-Hanssen Odd - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Several treatment options are available for pulmonary vascular disease, and more patients are considered for right heart catheterization. The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic ability of echocardiography to detect pulmonary hypertension and increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 118 patients investigated ...
Mauri Tommaso - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by collapse of gravitationally dependent lung regions that usually diverts tidal ventilation toward nondependent regions. We hypothesized that higher positive end-expiratory pressure and enhanced spontaneous breathing may increase the proportion of tidal ventilation reaching dependent lung regions in patients with acute respiratory distress ...
Smith Benjamin M BM Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) mass is an important predictor of heart failure and cardiovascular mortality, yet determinants of LV mass are incompletely understood. Pulmonary hyperinflation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may contribute to changes in intrathoracic pressure that increase LV wall stress. We therefore hypothesized that residual lung volume in ...
Kilickaya Oguz - - 2013
The lung-protective mechanical ventilation strategy has been standard practice for management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) for more than a decade. Observational data, small randomized studies and two recent systematic reviews suggest that lung protective ventilation is both safe and potentially beneficial in patients who do not have ARDS ...
Briones Claudett Killen Harold - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) in patients with acute respiratory failure has been traditionally determined based on clinical assessment and changes in blood gases, with NIV support pressures manually adjusted by an operator. Bilevel positive airway pressure-spontaneous/timed (BiPAP S/T) with average volume assured pressure support (AVAPS) uses a fixed tidal ...
Wheeler Kevin - - 2013
BackgroundWe investigatedthe effects of positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) and tidal volume (VT) on lung aeration, pulmonary mechanics, and the distribution of ventilation immediately after birth using a preterm rabbit model.MethodsSixty preterm rabbits (27d) received volume-targeted positive pressure ventilation from birth, with one of 12 combinations of PEEP (0, 5, ...
Wolf Gerhard K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To utilize real-time electrical impedance tomography to guide lung protective ventilation in an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN:: Prospective animal study. SETTING:: Animal research center. SUBJECTS:: Twelve Yorkshire swine (15 kg). INTERVENTIONS:: Lung injury was induced with saline lavage and augmented using large tidal volumes. The ...
Tiruvoipati R - - 2013
Lung protective ventilation limiting tidal volumes and airway pressures were proven to reduce mortality in patients with acute severe respiratory failure. Hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis is often noted with lung protective ventilation. While the protective effects of lung protective ventilation are well recognised, the role of hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis ...
Frazer D G - - 2013
The role of the recruitment-derecruitment of small structures in the lung (lung units) as the lung increases and decreases in volume has been debated. The objective of this study was to develop a model to estimate the change in the number and volume of open lung units as an excised ...
Gerges Christian C Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Cardiology, Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
Left-sided heart disease (LHD) is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH). In patients with LHD, elevated left atrial pressure causes a passive increase in pulmonary vascular pressure by hydrostatic transmission. In some patients, an active component caused by pulmonary arterial vasoconstriction and/or vascular remodeling superimposed on left-sided pressure ...
Stewart Sarah K - - 2013
A case of post-operative negative pressure pulmonary oedema in a young, athletic male is reported. We discuss this rare but life-threatening condition and its aetiology, and review the published literature. Military health care providers need to be aware of this condition as young fit personnel may be at increased risk ...
Ortiz Tatiana de Arruda Tde A Department of Physiotherapy, University of Cuiabá, Tangará da Serra, - - 2013
To evaluate, in a lung model simulating a mechanically ventilated patient, the efficiency and safety of the manual hyperinflation (MH) maneuver as a means of removing pulmonary secretions. Eight respiratory therapists (RTs) were asked to use a self-inflating manual resuscitator on a lung model to perform MH as if to ...
Wallet Florent - - 2013
We wanted to assess whether there was a significant relationship between recruited lung volume (V(rec)) and change in density on digital processed chest x-ray measured at 2 different levels of inspiratory plateau pressure corresponding to 2 PEEP levels in patients with acute lung injury or ARDS. In 14 subjects, PEEP ...
Neary Joseph M - - 2013
Producer reports from ranches over 2,438 meters in southwest Colorado suggest that the mortality of preweaned beef calves may be substantially higher than the national average despite the selection of low pulmonary pressure herd sires for over 20 years. Diagnostic investigations of this death loss problem have been limited due ...
Cokkinos Philip - - 2013
We admitted a 16-year-old boy with the Cohen syndrome to our institution for increasing dyspnoea. Investigations revealed idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. He was commenced on bosentan and oral anticoagulation and was followed up for nearly 7 years, during which he was readmitted for dynamic measurements of pulmonary artery pressure. Despite initial ...
Huang Jun-Feng - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Acute inhalational exposure leads to rapidly progressive acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This report is the first one to present a patient with ARDS in relation to long-standing exposure to a high-concentration mixture of ethenone and crotonaldehyde. Case report: A male worker in a chemical plant was accidentally exposed ...
Granstam Sven-Olof - - 2013
BACKGROUND: During ultrasound examination, tricuspid regurgitation may be absent or gives a signal that is not reliable for the estimation of systolic pulmonary pressure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of acceleration time (AT) from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) as an estimation of the ...
Shinomiya Shohei - - 2013
ABSTRACT Systemic anaphylaxis accompanies pulmonary vasoconstriction and bronchoconstriction, which may contribute to increased right heart afterload, and finally anaphylactic hypotension. However, the pulmonary response to anaphylaxis is not known in mice. We determined the pulmonary vascular and bronchial response to systemic anaphylaxis in anesthetized BALB/c mice. We also clarified the ...
Binazzi B - - 2013
Background: Breathing pattern description and chest wall kinematics during phonation have not been studied in male and female patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objectives: We used optoelectronic plethysmography to provide a quantitative description of breathing pattern and chest wall kinematics. Methods: Volumes of chest wall compartments (rib cage and ...
Lauscher P - - 2013
Background:Given the low physical solubility of oxygen (O2) in plasma, little value is attached to hyperoxic ventilation (FiO2 1.0) as a modality for improving O2 transport and tissue oxygen supply when hypoxemia (i.e., O2 partial pressure (paO2) < 60 mmHg) is absent. Because recent experimental and clinical data conflict with ...
Galinsky Robert R The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. - - 2013
Intrauterine inflammation is associated with preterm birth and poor long-term cardiopulmonary outcomes. We aimed to determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth, and the response to subsequent haemodynamic challenge. Fetal instrumentation was performed at ∼112 days gestation (term is 147 days) for ...
Oran Bulent - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To measure serum B-type natriuretic peptide, especially N-terminal segment of its prohormone (NT-proBNP) and pulmonary arterial pressure levels and to determine whether NT-proBNP concentrations correlate with pulmonary arterial pressure levels in children before and after adenotonsillectomy. METHODS: Twenty children with adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy and 20 healthy subjects were ...
Ladoire Sylvain - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The prone position (PP) has proven beneficial in patients with severe lung injury subjected to mechanical ventilation (MV), especially in those with lobar involvement. We assessed the impact of PP on unilateral pneumonia in rabbits subjected to MV. METHODS:: After endobronchial challenge with Enterobacter aerogenes, adult rabbits were subjected ...
Pecchiari Matteo - - 2013
Pressure-volume curves of the lungs and chest wall require knowledge of an effective 'average' pleural pressure (Ppl(av)), and are usually estimated using esophageal pressure as PL(es)-V and PW(es)-V curves. Such estimates could be misleading when Ppl becomes spatially non-uniform with lung lavage or shape distortion of the chest. We therefore ...
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