Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1160
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Scigliano Giulio - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sympathetic hyperactivity is a contributing cause of vascular disorders because it increases blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipids. Pervasive compromise of the central and peripheral autonomic nervous systems is common in idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD) resulting in reduced sympathetic and parasympathetic function. We hypothesized that IPD ...
Kayikcioglu Fulya - - 2006
PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to assess the possible effects of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) on serum lipids and fasting blood glucose levels over a period of 1 year. METHODS: Forty-eight premenopausal women, attending our gynecology clinic with the complaint of menorrhagia, were enrolled in the study. Systolic and ...
Yasushi Inoue / Tetsuya ...
An 85-year-old woman, having hypertension for 30 years snd diabetes mellitus for 12 years, was admitted to our ward because of anorexia and generalized fatigue. During the first one week in her hospital course, blood pressure fluctuated dramatically between 70 and 220 mmHg in systolic.Pheochromocytoma was suspected because she occasionally ...
Lee Jung Eun - - 2006
Serum uric acid is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the independent role of uric acid in the development of cardiovascular disease is uncertain. This study examined the cross-sectional association of serum uric acid level with microalbuminuria among 6771 subjects without diabetes or hypertension. Blood pressure was categorized as prehypertension (systolic ...
Sankar D - - 2006
The study was undertaken to investigate the effect of sesame oil in hypertensive patients who were on antihypertensive therapy either with diuretics (hydrochlorothiazide) or Beta-blockers (atenolol). Thirty-two male and 18 female patients aged 35 to 60 years old were supplied sesame oil (Idhayam gingelly oil) and instructed to use it ...
Fu Wencheng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) are highly prevalent among patients undergoing maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) and contribute to most cardiovascular mortalities in this population. Ankle-brachial index (ABI) has been recently demonstrated to be a predictor for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in MHD Patients. The main objective ...
Damsgaard Camilla T - - 2006
Animal and epidemiologic studies indicate that early nutrition has lasting effects on metabolism and cardiovascular disease risk. In adults, (n-3) long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) from fish oils improve blood pressure, the lipid profile, and possibly cardiovascular disease mortality. This randomized trial is the first to investigate the effects of fish oil ...
Kawada Tomoyuki - - 2006
Middle-aged workingmen (N=984) with no present medical treatment were enrolled to determine whether there is an association between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and serum levels of C-reactive protein. MetS was defined as follows: waist circumference > or = 85 cm as a necessary criterion; in addition, two or more of ...
Pereira A C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A causal relationship between plasma cholesterol and blood pressure remains poorly understood. It has been postulated that the decrease in nitric oxide (NO) availability is a potential mechanism by which hypercholesterolemia may stimulate blood pressure elevation. However, evidence supporting the role of the L-arginine-NO pathway on the relationship between ...
Yuan Ben-Chih - - 2006
CONCLUSION: The approach described in this paper may be helpful in establishing an early-warning, evidence-based mechanism for diagnosing vertigo, which can be utilized in medical education to reduce medical uncertainty. OBJECTIVE: To use an evidence-based medicine approach to evaluate the probability of having vertigo using laboratory and demographic data. MATERIAL ...
Viikari Jorma Sa - - 2006
The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study is an ongoing multicentre study of atherosclerosis precursors in Finnish children and young adults. The aim of the present report is to describe the secular trends in cardiovascular risk factors between 1980 and 2001 in children and young adults. Data on cardiovascular risk ...
Muda Piibe - - 2006
To compare the effects of amlodipine and candesartan on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL), conjugated dienes (CD) and baseline diene conjugation in circulating low-density lipoproteins (LDL-BDC) level during antihypertensive treatment. Forty-nine patients with untreated mild to moderate essential hypertension were recruited in a randomized double-blind study to receive a daily dose ...
Kyvelou Stella-Maria G SM Hypertension Unit, 1st Cardiology Department, Athens University, Hippokration Hospital, Greece. - - 2006
Dyslipidaemia is associated with high risk for cardiovascular disease and lipid management is arguably necessary, especially in hypertensive subjects. There is an implication that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) are characterised by a beneficial effect on lipid profile in addition to their blood pressure lowering properties. This study was conducted to ...
Kullo Iftikhar J - - 2006
We investigated the relationship of aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), a measure of central arterial stiffness, with the presence and quantity of coronary artery calcium (CAC) in a community-based sample of adults without prior history of heart attack or stroke (n=401, mean age 59.8 years, 53% men). ECG-gated waveforms of ...
Dell'Omo Giulia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to evaluate the vascular effects of chlorthalidone, a distal tubule-acting natriuretic agent, in hypertensive patients with nondiabetic metabolic syndrome, an insulin-resistant condition characterized by endothelial dysfunction and high risk for diabetes mellitus development. METHODS: Thirteen untreated hypertensive patients with Adult Treatment Panel-III-defined nondiabetic metabolic syndrome ...
Shavdatuashvili T - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the lipoprotein profile and endothelial function in patients with overt hypothyroidism, SCH and euthyroid subjects and to assess the effects of these conditions on endothelial function. The TOSHIBA SSH-140-A unit was used to measure brachial artery (BA) diameter and blood flow ...
Sanada Hironobu - - 2005
Hypertension is a major risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Selectins, cell-surface adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte rolling and attachment to the vascular endothelium, play a role in the initiation of atherosclerosis. We investigated whether or not serum levels of soluble adhesion molecules are elevated in patients with essential hypertension ...
Yan Weili - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distribution of the serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) levels and its relationship with obesity, hypertension and diabetes in a Uygur case-control study on hypertension. DESIGN: A case-control (339 hypertensive cases, 272 normotensive controls) study on hypertension was conducted, and obesity, hypertension, lipid profiles and fasting blood ...
Preston Emma - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) correlates with cardiovascular events in the general population and is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in the hemodialysis population. It has not been evaluated extensively in patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: CCA-IMT was measured by using high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography, and glomerular ...
Patra Michael - - 2005
By means of atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, we study cholesterol-DPPC (dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine) bilayers of different composition, from pure DPPC bilayers to a 1:1 mixture of DPPC and cholesterol. The lateral pressure profiles through the bilayers are computed and separated into contributions from the different components. We find that the pressure ...
Whincup P H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis develops from childhood, but the determinants of this preclinical stage remain uncertain. We examined the relations of classic coronary risk factors, adiposity and its associated metabolic disturbances, to arterial distensibility (a marker of early arterial disease) in 13- to 15-year-olds, some of whom had previously been studied at ...
Hougaku Hidetaka - - 2006
Circulating testosterone levels (T) decrease with age in men. Low T has been associated with coronary disease and with risk factors for atherosclerosis. This study examines the relationship in men between androgenic hormones and arterial stiffness, a major risk factor for cardiovascular events. T, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and dehydroepiandrosterone ...
Mennander Ari - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular risk factor profile of patients in need of repeated coronary artery bypass surgery (redo CABG) seldom differ from patients having only single coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of positive family history for coronary artery disease in respect to ...
Jorde Rolf - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional studies there appears to be a link between calcium metabolism and blood pressure, and most studies have found a positive association between serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of serum PTH regarding a future increase in blood pressure. DESIGN: A prospective ...
Terzoli Laura - - 2005
Controversial results were reported as to a possible blood pressure-lowering effect of statins. This may relate to methodological limitations (blood pressure measuring techniques) or to putative different effects of statins in different biologic conditions (cholesterol or blood pressure levels, age, etc). Patients with cholesterol>200 mg/dL and no previous statin treatment ...
Lee Ae Young - - 2006
The relation between pulse pressure (PP) and Alzheimer disease (AD) remains unclear. We performed this study to investigate the relation between PP and AD and the impact of PP to impair cognitive performance on this relationship. It is a cross-sectional study from the Neurology Memory Clinic of Chungnam National University ...
Davis Catherine L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the context of a national childhood obesity epidemic, this study sought to document the cardiovascular risk status of children in a rural Georgia community. METHODS: Anthropometrics and blood pressure were measured in 211 children, and fasting glucose and lipid profile in 160, recruited from schools in 2002 (grades ...
Mulè Giuseppe - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Metabolic syndrome (MS) carries an increased risk for cardiovascular events and there is a growing awareness that large artery stiffening is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Little is known about the relationship of MS with aortic stiffness. The aim of our study was to ...
Fritz Tomas - - 2006
In order to assess the effects of regular walking on metabolic control and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes 26 patients from one primary care clinic, aged 60.0+/-7.3 years, participated in a walking program during 4 months. Prescribed exercise was walking for 45-60 min three times weekly. A control ...
Gotoh Mitsuhiro - - 2005
Increasing evidence indicates that high blood pressure is associated with abnormalities in calcium metabolism. Sustained calcium loss may lead to increased bone-mineral loss in subjects with elevated blood pressure. Furthermore, recent findings indicate a possible linkage between abnormal calcium metabolism and insulin resistance. In the present study, we investigated the ...
- - 2005
AIMS: The primary aim of ADVANCE is to determine the effects on macrovascular and microvascular disease of blood pressure lowering (with an ACE inhibitor-diuretic combination), irrespective of initial blood pressure level; and of intensive glucose lowering, in high-risk individuals with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The study is a 2 x ...
Larsen Michael - - 2005
PURPOSE: To study the evening-to-morning variation in retinal thickness in patients with fovea-involving diabetic macular edema. METHODS: Twelve eyes in 12 patients aged 39 to 78 years (mean, 57) with fovea-involving diabetic macular edema and 14 eyes in 7 healthy volunteers aged 30 to 70 years (mean, 57) were examined ...
Kramer Holly - - 2005
We examined the association between urine albumin excretion (UAE) and common and internal carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), end-diastolic left ventricular (LV) mass, and coronary artery calcification (CAC) scores using data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), a population-based study of 6814 adults aged 45 to 85 years without ...
Reinehr Thomas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: So far in Europe, no large studies have been published on the frequencies of the cardiovascular risk factors hypertension and dyslipidaemia in overweight children. METHODS: Diagnosis of hypertension, decreased HDL-cholesterol, increased triglycerides, total and LDL-cholesterol were documented for 1004 overweight children and adolescents (aged 4-8 years, 52% girls, BMI-SDS ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2005
Alterations in blood glucose and cholesterol are more frequently detectable in hypertensive than in normotensive conditions. However, no information exists as to whether this phenomenon involves only office or also home and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ie, when values are representative of daily life). In 2045 subjects enrolled in the ...
Blank Roy - - 2005
The Gemini Study was a 14-week, open-label, non-comparative, office-based, multicenter trial to evaluate single-pill therapy in the treatment of concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia. In addition to recommending lifestyle modifications, eight dosage strengths of amlodipine/atorvastatin single pill (5/10, 5/20, 5/40, 5/80, 10/10, 10/20, 10/40, and 10/80 mg) were electively titrated to ...
Hernelahti Miika - - 2005
The known association between physical activity and low blood pressure may be influenced by inherited characteristics. Skeletal muscle consists of type I (slow-twitch) and type II (fast-twitch) muscle fibers, with proportions highly variable between individuals and mostly determined by genetic factors. A high percentage of type I fibers (type I%) ...
Kiefer Charles R - - 2005
In athero-prone areas of the human aorta, an accumulation of neutral lipids in the arterial intima precedes the arrival of monocytes and the initiation of the fatty streak. This study continues the investigation of a similar preinflammatory process in the coronary arteries of the sodium-sensitive hypertensive Dahl S rat, focusing ...
Arikan Ender - - 2005
Endothelial damage, high fibrinogen levels, and platelet activity are the important accelerating factors for the development of hypertension (HT). von Willebrand factor (vWF; endothelial damage marker), fibrinogen levels, and platelet aggregability were compared between patients with uncomplicated, mild-to-moderate hypertension and healthy subjects. The relationship between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and ...
Stewart Jane - - 2005
BACKGROUND: For many people with type 2 diabetes most care is provided in primary care. While people with both diabetes and hypertension are at increased risk of complications, little is known about their understanding of blood pressure. AIM: To explore the understanding and beliefs about the importance of blood pressure ...
Gaudio Giovanni - - 2005
There is experimental evidence of an interaction between the angiotensin system and lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a block of the angiotensin system achieved both by ACE inhibition and angiotensin II-AT1 receptor blockade could affect the plasma lipid profile and, if so, what relationship ...
Brotman Daniel J - - 2005
CONTEXT: Glucocorticoids are known to acutely increase blood pressure, suppress inflammation, and precipitate insulin resistance. However, the short-term effects of glucocorticoids on other cardiovascular risk factors remain incompletely characterized. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the effects of a short course of dexamethasone on multiple cardiovascular biomarkers and to determine ...
Fraga Cesar G - - 2005
The consumption of a diet rich in certain flavonoids, including the flavanol sub-class, has been associated with a reduced risk for vascular disease. We evaluated the effects of the regular consumption (14 d) of a flavanol-containing milk chocolate (FCMC) or cocoa butter chocolate (CBC) on variables related to vascular disease ...
Salminen Marika - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the effects of family-oriented prevention on total and LDL cholesterol and blood pressure of children. DESIGN: A controlled intervention study. SETTING: Family-oriented prevention of risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD) in Eastern Finland. The programme consisted of two counselling meetings at children's schools, and three at ...
Corrado E - - 2005
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate endothelial function and intima media thickness (IMT) in relation to cardiovascular risk factors (RF). METHODS: We enrolled 113 patients, mean age 62 +/- 12 years; patients underwent: anamnesis, physical examination, measurement of body weight and height and blood pressure. Biochemistry variables ...
Stuglin Carlo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Effects of flaxseed on serum lipids have been studied in humans, but the results are variable. Flaxseed is ineffective in lowering blood pressure in rats. Its effect on blood pressure in humans is not known. It is also not known if long-term use of flaxseed in humans has deleterious ...
Li Hong - - 2005
Cigarette smoking, an established cardiovascular (CV) disease risk factor, is known to impair pulsatile arterial function in middle-aged and older adults. However, information is scant in healthy young adults for whom smoking is the only CV risk factor, at current guidelines. Nonsmokers (n = 145) and smokers (n = 142) ...
Fitó M - - 2005
The Mediterranean diet, in which olive oil is the main source of fat, has been associated with a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and low blood pressure levels. Virgin olive oil (VOO), besides containing monounsaturated fat, is rich in phenolic compounds (PC) with antioxidant properties. The aim of ...
Kusljugić Zumreta - - 2005
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases; drugs that reduce blood pressure and simultaneously improve or reverse endothelian dysfunction, as nebivolol, may be advantageous in terms of cardiovascular protection. The objective of this study is to show the anti-hypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol (5 mg once a ...
Grant Richard W RW General Medicine Division, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. - - 2005
To assess both standard and novel diabetes quality measures in a national sample of U.S. academic medical centers. This retrospective cohort study was conducted from 10 January 2000 to 10 January 2002. It involved 30 U.S. academic medical centers, which contributed data from 44 clinics (27 primary care clinics and ...
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