Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1160
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Ebbesson Sven O E - - 2007
Fatty acids (FAs) have been related to changes in glucose and lipid metabolism. In this article, the authors assess the association between intake of specific FAs and components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in adult Eskimos. A total of 691 Inupiat Eskimos (325 men and 366 women), aged 34 to ...
Wuttge Dirk M - - 2007
The pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by autoimmunity, vasculopathy and fibrosis. IL-15 is a pleiotropic cytokine that has impact on immune, vascular and connective tissue cells. We therefore investigated IL-15 in the circulation of patients with early SSc and explored possible associations of serum IL-15 with vasculopathy and ...
Yun K E - - 2007
Effective management of diabetic patients includes comprehensive control for not only blood sugar, but also other cardiovascular risk factors. We assessed whether haemoglobin A1c (A1C) concentrations, blood pressure, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and microalbuminuria were regularly measured in 281 patients with type 2 diabetes who received care for ...
Fukuhara Masayo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: C-reactive protein (CRP) is not only an acute phase reactant but also a sensitive marker of subclinical inflammation associated with atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether glycemic control or blood pressure influences the vascular microinflammation as evaluated by CRP levels in the very elderly. ...
Oh J H - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to describe the rates of cardiovascular and other medical complications related to the use of platinum-based chemotherapy in American testicular cancer survivors. The study sample consisted of 143 eligible long-term testicular cancer survivors. Participants were interviewed, their medical records were reviewed, and blood was ...
Shargorodsky Marina - - 2007
Thiazide diuretics may cause multiple metabolic abnormalities. The authors investigated the effects of varying doses of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on arterial elasticity and metabolic parameters in patients with hypertension (HTN), HTN and impaired fasting glucose (HTN+IFG), and HTN and type 2 diabetes mellitus (HTN+DM). The patients received low and high doses ...
Shikata Chihiro - - 2007
Cardiac hypertrophy and failure are major complications of hypertension. The beneficial effect of treatment with antihypertensive drugs on serum levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) was examined in patients with essential hypertension. Antihypertensive drugs were administered to 88 hypertensive patients (44 diabetic and 44 nondiabetic) whose systolic blood pressure was ...
Torres-Duran Patricia V - - 2007
Spirulina maxima is a filamentous cyanobacterium used as food supplement because of its high nutrient contents. It has been experimentally proven, in vivo and in vitro that posses several pharmacological properties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Spirulina maxima orally supplied (4.5 g/day, for 6 ...
Engbers Luuk H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To present the effects of a relatively modest environmental intervention on biological cardiovascular risk indicators. METHOD: A controlled trial, including two worksites. Measurements (i.e., body composition, blood pressure and serum cholesterol) took place at baseline and at 3- and 12-month follow-up. The 12-month environmental intervention (The Hague, The Netherlands, ...
Deyanov Christo - - 2006
The aim of the study was to follow the arterial blood pressure response to exercise test and serum lipids in middle-aged normotensive men with family history (FH) of arterial hypertension. 152 normotensive men, divided into two groups: I group--92 men without FH for arterial hypertension and II group--60 men with ...
Gidding Samuel S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Children participating in a dietary clinical trial were studied to (1) assess physical activity patterns in boys and girls longitudinally from late childhood through puberty and (2) determine the association of level of physical activity on systolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and BMI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the ...
Hartweg J - - 2007
AIM/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether marine-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) (also known as omega-3 fatty acids) have beneficial effects on haematological and thrombogenic risk markers in addition to dyslipidaemia, in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing dietary or non-dietary ...
Boshuizen Hendriek C - - 2007
The authors aimed to quantify the effects of current systolic blood pressure (SBP) and serum total cholesterol on the risk of mortality in comparison with SBP or serum cholesterol 25 years previously, taking measurement error into account. The authors reanalyzed 35-year follow-up data on mortality due to coronary heart disease ...
Persell Stephen D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nationally endorsed, clinical performance measures are available that allow for quality reporting using electronic health records (EHRs). To our knowledge, how well they reflect actual quality of care has not been studied. We sought to evaluate the validity of performance measures for coronary artery disease (CAD) using an ambulatory ...
Asselbergs F W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the correlations between plasma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and cardiovascular disease-related traits in a general population and whether these correlations differed between females and males. METHODS: Plasma PAI-1 and t-PA antigen levels and C-reactive ...
Schuster Richard J - - 2006
Physician practice behavior often produces poor clinical outcomes in the management of cardiovascular disease risk factors in spite of effective treatments and guidelines. The behavior of 165 physicians in 2 settings (suburban and urban) was studied. After collecting baseline clinical data, including systolic blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, a ...
van der Klaauw A A - - 2006
CONTEXT: The goal of GH replacement with recombinant human GH (rhGH) is to ameliorate symptoms, signs, and complications of adult GH deficiency (GHD) in the long term. To determine whether the observed short-term beneficial effects of rhGH treatment are sustained in the long term, we evaluated biochemical and anthropometric parameters ...
Kotokey Rk - - 2006
This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence of hypertension among an urban population of Dibrugarh district in Upper Assam and to study the profile of lipid abnormalities in the hypertensives. The study was conducted for a period of one year - from 1 April 2003 to 31 March 2004, and ...
Rautio Katrina - - 2007
In a randomized, placebo-controlled study, we studied the effects of 4 months' treatment with rosiglitazone on low-grade inflammation, liver function, lipid levels, and blood pressure in 30 overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Rosiglitazone significantly decreased serum C-reactive protein levels, white blood cell count, and alanine aminotransferase enzyme activity but ...
Lara Jose J - - 2007
AIM: The present clinical study tested the hypothesis that oil-rich fish consumption improves CHD risk factors. METHODS: Forty-eight (16 men) non-obese, healthy adults aged 20-55, consumed 125 g/day of salmon for a 4-week period followed by a 4-week period with no-fish (41 completers). Subjects were instructed to maintain dietary and ...
Iqbal A - - 2006
It appears to be an association between hypothyroidism and hypertension. However, the relation between thyroid function and blood pressure within the normal serum thyrotropin (TSH) range is uncertain. In the fifth Tromsø study, which is a population-based health survey, serum TSH and blood pressure were measured. This gave us the ...
Nakamoto Hidetomo - - 2006
Hypotension during hemodialysis (HD) is an important problem in patients on HD. To investigate the risk factors that contribute to the hypotension during HD, we compared background factors of hypotensive (HP) patients during HD. Among 58 patients undergoing HD in Tamura Memorial Hospital, 12 patients could not continue full HD ...
Völzke Henry - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although evidence for an increased risk of hypertension in both overt hyperthyroidism and overt hypothyroidism is consistent, the relation between subclinical hyperthyroidism and blood pressure has not yet received sufficient attention. METHODS: The Study of Health in Pomerania is a population-based survey in Germany that was conducted in a ...
John Elizabeth J - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a community pharmacist-delivered cardiovascular case-management program by comparing body mass index (weight), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and full lipid profile at the beginning of the program with these outcome measures at the end of the program. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis using billing ...
Bakris George L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that rosiglitazone combined with metformin provides a greater reduction in microalbuminuria and blood pressure than metformin and glyburide at comparable levels of glycemic control. METHODS: In a double-blind, parallel-group design 389 participants with type 2 diabetes were followed for 32 weeks. RESULTS: Urinary albumin: creatinine ...
Marcén R - - 2006
The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to evaluate the effect of conversion from cyclosporine (CsA) to tacrolimus (Tac) on cardiovascular risk factors in stable kidney transplant patients with hyperlipidemia. Twenty-six patients were switched from CsA to Tac at 81.7 +/- 44.4 months after transplantation. Tac was started at ...
Laker Michael F - - 2006
The Joint British Societies' recommendations for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention have been updated in the light of recent developments. Key features of the new guidelines include focusing on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention rather than CHD and adopting strategies that target high-risk groups, with equal priority being given to all ...
Chen Shu-Tzu - - 2006
Studies have demonstrated that isolated soya protein (ISP) can slow the progression of renal injury, reduce blood pressure and improve the serum lipid profile in experimental animals and human subjects. The mechanisms and components of soya responsible have not been fully established. The present study was designed to evaluate the ...
Rahman Sohaila - - 2006
Hypertension is one of the most prevalent diseases in the developed and developing countries. Based on the long historical association and the provocative findings of blood pressure effects at low level of lead exposure a study was carried out to determine if an association existed between low blood lead concentration ...
Yokoyama H - - 2007
To investigate the effect of metabolic syndrome (MS) components on early atherosclerosis markers, i.e., urinary albumin excretion rate (UAE), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), we studied 536 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes without cardiovascular disease or nephropathy. The MS definition by ATP III was employed. ...
Os Ingrid - - 2006
Age-related arterial stiffness is more pronounced in diabetics compared to non-diabetics, which could explain the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH, systolic blood pressure > or =140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure <90 mmHg) being approximately twice that of the general population without diabetes. Large-scale interventional outcome trials have also ...
Oghagbon E K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart disease risk factors tend to cluster in patients with hypertension. In works done in Nigeria, the hypertensive subjects studied were those receiving treatment. Our aim was to evaluate the pattern of these risk factors in untreated hypertensive patients. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty untreated hypertensives and fifty normotensives were ...
Weinberg Guy L - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infusion of a lipid emulsion has been advocated for treatment of severe bupivacaine cardiac toxicity. The mechanism of lipid rescue is unknown. These studies address the possibility that lipid infusion reduces cardiac bupivacaine content in the context of cardiac toxicity. METHODS: We compared the effects of a ...
Salazar-Vazquez Beatriz Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between mean arterial blood pressure and hematocrit in a population of treated diabetic patients and a control population of healthy individuals. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on hematocrit and blood pressure were obtained from 129 diabetic subjects (87 women and 42 men) and 103 healthy ...
De Michele M - - 2007
Familial combined hyperlipidaemia (FCHL) is associated with a markedly increased risk of premature coronary artery disease. This study was designed to evaluate whether preclinical atherosclerotic functional abnormalities are detectable in the arteries of patients with FCHL. 60 subjects were recruited for the study: 30 probands of families with FCHL (mean ...
Pei Wei-dong - - 2007
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL), with a marked elevation of apolipoprotein B (apoB), is estimated to cause 10-20% of premature coronary artery disease. However, little data are available to demonstrate the associations of apoB with pulse pressure and glucose levels in FCHL families in China. This study was to investigate the ...
Kimura Tetsuya - - 2006
The present study investigated the activity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), a major influence in normal physiological function, and its association with unfavorable postmenopausal states in body composition, lipid and/or glucose metabolism, or cardiovascular profiles. Body composition, blood pressure, and blood profiles of lipid and glucose of 175 postmenopausal ...
Capoluongo Ettore - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Even though the gene encoding for IGF-I is considered of most importance amongst blood pressure-regulating genes in mouse models, little and discordant data are available in literature for what concerns a possible relationship between blood pressure and serum free IGF-I values in humans. In addition, no information is available ...
Shulman Lee P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Drospirenone, a novel synthetic progestin, possesses characteristics more like natural progesterone than other synthetic progestins, such as medroxyprogesterone acetate and levonorgestrel. The antiandrogenic and antimineralocorticoid properties of drospirenone may, in the context of menopausal management, provide potential novel benefits in its effect on lipids and blood pressure while reducing ...
Sasaki Hidehisa - - 2006
The effects of combination therapy of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) and a calcium antagonist, benidipine hydrochloride, on glucose and lipid metabolism and pulse pressure were studied in elderly hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Twenty-five hypertensive diabetic patients aged 65 years or older, who had been receiving candesartan ...
Jago Russell R Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Our goal was to report the prevalence of elevated blood pressure and lipid levels among eighth-grade adolescents from 3 US locations and differences by gender, ethnicity, and overweight percentile group. Fasting blood samples and blood pressure levels were obtained from 1717 eighth-grade students from 12 predominantly minority schools in 3 ...
da Costa Rodrigues Ticiana - - 2006
To investigate the relationship between diabetic retinopathy (DR) and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in a cohort of normotensive, normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients. This is a 6.1+/-3.3 year prospective study of 44 normotensive, normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients. ABP was measured at the beginning and at the end of ...
Dyerberg Jørn - - 2006
Trans fatty acids (TFA) and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have opposite effects on several biological functions. We report a study on the effects on risk markers for cardiovascular disease. Eighty-seven healthy males were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of daily intake of either 20 g of industrially produced ...
Cho Dong Yung - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In a previous cross-sectional study of age-associated peripheral neuropathy (AAPN), we found that a history of hypertension was protective. The purpose of this study, conducted in the same cohort, was to investigate further this association in the same subjects and in a comparison group of older subjects with diabetes ...
Adal Erdal - - 2006
This study was designed to determine the relationship of dimensions, wall thickness and function of the left ventricle with diabetes duration, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, beta-OH-butyrate, free fatty acids (FFA) and carnitine levels in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) who had no cardiovascular complications. Thirty-five ...
Chen Wei - - 2006
Differential impact of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (total cholesterol minus high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and blood pressure on arterial wall thickness and stiffness was examined in 900 black and white adults aged 24-43 years. Blacks compared with whites had greater values of pulse wave velocity (5.4 m/sec vs. 5.2 m/sec; p<0.01) and ...
Albu Jeanine J The New York Obesity Research Center, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, University Hospital of Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA. - - 2006
In addition to the revascularization and glycemic management interventions assigned at random, the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) design includes the uniform control of major coronary artery disease risk factors, including dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking, central obesity, and sedentary lifestyle. Target levels for risk factors were adjusted throughout ...
Kamel Nuri - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Isolated office hypertension (IOH) has been accepted as a benign condition by some researchers, whereas others believe that it is associated with cardiovascular abnormalities and increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this present study was to evaluate the effects of IOH on target organ damage and cardiovascular risk indices. ...
Iftekhar A S M Maruf - - 2006
Fruits of Tamarindus indica were evaluated for their effects on lipid profile, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and body weight in human subjects. Dried and pulverized pulp of T. indica fruits, at a dose of 15 mg/kg body weight, was found to reduce total cholesterol level (p = 0.031) and ...
Kaur J - - 2006
One hundred rural Punjabi males (40-60 years old) admitted to Hero DMC Heart Institute, Ludhiana with first cardiac attack were studied to identify major determinants of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among this group. The results revealed that 20% and 56% of the subjects were smokers and alcohol takers, respectively. Smoking had ...
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