Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1159
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Gallego Patricia Herold - - 2008
To examine the relation between blood pressure and the development of early retinopathy in adolescents with childhood onset type 1 diabetes. Prospective cohort study. Diabetes Complications Assessment Service at the Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia. 1869 patients with type 1 diabetes (54% female) screened for retinopathy with baseline median ...
Fu Lu - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the relationship between androgen level and the indexes indicating endothelial function in male patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We registered the following data for 106 50-70-year-old men: age, weight, blood lipid, including total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride, whether ...
Borzutzky Arturo - - 2008
Kawasaki disease (KD) produces endothelial inflammation, which may lead to dilatation and aneurysms of coronary and peripheral arteries. Previous studies have suggested that these patients can present endothelial dysfunction that can predispose to coronary vascular events late after KD. The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiovascular risk ...
Voorham Jaco - - 2008
Undertreatment of risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes is common. We assessed the influence of elevated levels of blood pressure, total cholesterol, and A1C on decisions of Dutch general practitioners to change drug treatment in a cohort of 3,029 patients during a 1-year period. Respectively, 58, 71, and ...
Salyer Jeanne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Heart transplant recipients often suffer from obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension thought to be related to triple-drug immunosuppression and poor adherence to diet and exercise. A lifestyle intervention that allows recipients to attend a community-based weight management program may improve health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To determine (1) the effects of attending ...
Houston M C - - 2007
Because micronutrients from plants may have beneficial cardiovascular effects, the hypothesis that an encapsulated juice powder concentrate might affect several measures of vascular health was tested in free living adults at low cardiovascular risk. Blood pressure, vascular compliance, lipid and antioxidant markers, and serial electron beam tomography (to calculate a ...
- - 2007
Age, sex, and blood pressure could modify the associations of total cholesterol (and its main two fractions, HDL and LDL cholesterol) with vascular mortality. This meta-analysis combined prospective studies of vascular mortality that recorded both blood pressure and total cholesterol at baseline, to determine the joint relevance of these two ...
Torres-Duran, Patricia V
Abstract Background Spirulina maxima is a filamentous cyanobacterium used as food supplement because of its high nutrient contents. It has been experimentally proven, in vivo and in vitro that posses several pharmacological properties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Spirulina maxima orally supplied (4.5 g/day, ...
Ratto Elena - - 2007
High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) has been recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Asymptomatic organ damage is known to precede cardiovascular events in hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between hs-CRP and signs of organ damage, namely left ventricular mass index (LVMI), ...
Valentová Katerina - - 2008
Yacon and maca are native Andean crops with growing popularity as food supplements often in combination with other components, e.g. silymarin. There are however no published data on their toxicity and safety in humans. The aim of our randomized placebo-controlled 90-day study was to evaluate the effects of yacon and ...
Bebb Charlotte - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Good blood pressure control reduces the risk of long-term complications of diabetes; however, most people with diabetes do not achieve recommended blood pressure targets. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationships between patient and practice factors and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried ...
Lundstam Ulf - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The epidermal growth factor (EGF) is believed to be involved in vascular remodelling. EGF receptors are expressed in human atherosclerotic tissue. DESIGN: In order to study the role of EGF in vascular remodelling and early progression of atherosclerosis, 17 men and 16 women aged 20 to 45 years were ...
Choi Hyo Jin - - 2008
We evaluated the clinical significance of serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level in systemic sclerosis (SSc). We studied 45 SSc patients (30 with limited and 15 with diffuse cutaneous SSc) of mean age +/- SD 47.1 +/- 12.9 years, mean duration of disease 10.2 +/- 6.0 years, and 45 ...
Sawaki Hideaki - - 2008
It has been reported that angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) improves proteinuria in diabetic patients. However, whether this is a direct effect of ARB or through lowering blood pressure is still controversial. The aim of this study is to determine the direct effect of ARB on diabetic nephropathy. Thirty-four type ...
Earle Kenneth A - - 2008
Amelioration of albuminuria may be related to specific constellations of risk factors including race and dyslipidaemia. Circulating cholesterol could mitigate the beneficial effect of antihypertensive therapy. We assessed whether cholesterol affected the remission of urinary albumin in patients with type 2 diabetes of white, Caucasian and non-white origin. We studied ...
Schrier Robert W - - 2007
The hypertensive and normotensive Appropriate Blood Pressure Control in Diabetes (ABCD) studies were prospective, randomized, interventional clinical trials with 5 years of follow-up that examined the role of intensive versus standard blood pressure control in a total of 950 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the hypertensive ABCD study, ...
Femia Romana - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to test whether carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is already increased in normotensive subjects who progress to hypertension (confirmed prehypertensives) independently of known determinants of vessel wall thickness. Common carotid artery (CCA) far-wall IMT was measured (B-mode ultrasound) in 1536 subjects from the population-based Mexico ...
Tyrberg M - - 2008
AIMS: Network for Pharmacoepidemiology (NEPI) Antidiabetes Study-Eye is a randomized placebo-controlled Swedish trial investigating if treatment with sulphonylurea, in addition to dietary regulation and increased exercise, delays the development of retinopathy in subjects with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). METHODS: Subjects were surveyed in primary care with repeated fasting blood glucose ...
Zitzmann Michael - - 2007
CONTEXT: A reliable form of androgen substitution therapy regarding kinetics, tolerance, and restoration of androgenicity is paramount in hypogonadal men. Intramuscular injection of the long-acting ester testosterone undecanoate (TU) offers a new modality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the safety of TU regarding metabolic and pharmacogenetic ...
Panagiotakos Demosthenes B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A study to evaluate the link between long-term fish intake and health status in a sample of elderly adults was undertaken. MATERIAL/METHODS: Three hundred men and women from Cyprus, 142 from Mitilini, and 100 from Samothraki islands (aged 65 to 100 years) were enrolled in this study during 2005-2006. ...
Bank Alan J - - 2007
Data suggest that carvedilol possesses antioxidant properties that might provide vascular protection. We sought to compare the effects of carvedilol and metoprolol tartrate on endothelial function and oxidative stress in a head-to-head trial. Thirty-four patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension were randomized to receive either carvedilol (n ...
Lopez Victor A - - 2007
Hypertension (HTN) and dyslipidemia are major risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). In 676 (projected to 26.1 million) US persons from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2002 with HTN, the authors estimated the preventable CHD events from statistical control of blood pressure (BP) and lipid levels. ...
Alsuwaida Abdulkareem - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To understand the impact of salt intake on blood pressure and to assess the application of international management guidelines in Saudi diabetic hypertensive patients. METHODS: We recruited 112 consecutive diabetic hypertensive patients visiting the diabetic and nephrology clinic at the King Khalid University Hospital between July 2005 and January ...
Afsar Baris - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance is involved in glucose intolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. We aimed to analyze relationship between insulin resistance and nocturnal nondipping. METHODS: Patients underwent physical and biochemical evaluation, clinic and ambulatory blood pressure measurements. The homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index was calculated. RESULTS: Ninety-six essential hypertensive ...
Bayram Merih - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to determine whether there is an adrenomedullin (AM)-mediated protective effect of postmenopausal estrogen/progestin therapy (HRT) against cardiovascular disorders. METHODS: A total of 22 post-menopausal women without hysterectomy undergoing postmenopausal symptoms (aged 43-52) were treated with conjugated equine estrogen (0.625 mg/die) plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (2.5 ...
Mangat Simardeep - - 2007
Hypercholesterolemia is present in many patients with hypertension and adds a significant component of cardiovascular risk. The 3-hydroxy-3 methyl-glutarylcoenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol but also inhibit many of the structural and functional components of the arteriosclerotic process. Structural effects include reductions in vascular smooth muscle hypertrophy ...
Nakano Kaku - - 2008
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been shown to improve clinical outcomes in atherosclerotic vascular disease. The mechanisms underlying the vasculoprotective effects of a third-generation calcium channel blocker, azelnidipine, are incompletely understood. We asked whether azelnidipine attenuates atherosclerosis in monkeys and mice beyond its blood pressure-lowering effects. Cynomolgus monkeys were randomized ...
Peer Prashee A - - 2008
The present study was designed to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of aqueous leaf extract of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (AI) on the basis of haemodynamic, biochemical and histopathological parameters in isoprenaline induced myocardial infarction in rats and to compare with vitamin E, a known cardioprotective antioxidant. A significant (p<0.01) decrease ...
Jenkins D J A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect on blood pressure of dietary advice to consume a combination of plant-based cholesterol-lowering foods (dietary portfolio). METHODS: For 1 year, 66 hyperlipidemic subjects were prescribed diets high in plant sterols (1.0 g/1000 kcal), soy protein (22.5 g/1000 kcal), viscous fibers (10 g/1000 kcal) and almonds ...
Lim Andy K H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Calcineurin inhibitors have adverse effects that contribute to nephrotoxicity and cardiovascular risk profile, and these may be reduced by administration of fish oil. The aim of this review was to assess the benefits and harms of fish oil supplementation in kidney transplant recipients on a calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppressive regimen. ...
Mitsuhashi Hirotsugu - - 2007
A recent study has demonstrated that adiponectin inhibited hypertrophic signaling in the myocardium of mice, implying that a decrease in the blood adiponectin level could cause cardiac muscle hypertrophy. We hypothesized that a relationship might exist between the serum adiponectin level and electrocardiographically diagnosed left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH), and we ...
Lim Mary Ann - - 2007
Warfarin causes extensive vascular calcification leading to increased systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure in rats, may be associated with increased valvular and coronary calcifications in man, and possibly worsens hypertension in high-risk patients, particularly in those with diabetes mellitus or uncontrolled hypertension. The authors evaluated blood pressure and intensity ...
Raja Boobalan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Melothria maderaspatana (Linn.) leaf-tea on blood pressure, plasma lipid profile, fibrinogen, albumin together with serum bilirubin and anthropometric measurements in volunteer participants with hypertension, because all these variables have been shown to influence vascular events. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN: A total of 50 subjects-25 (mean ...
Esteve Eduardo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin (IL)-6 is a proinflammatory cytokine that is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and insulin resistance. Both endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance are among the earliest abnormalities that can be detected in people at risk for cardiovascular events. We aimed to evaluate whether increased serum IL-6 concentrations associated ...
Maple-Brown Louise J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess central and peripheral arterial stiffness in Indigenous and European Australians with and without type 2 diabetes using applanation tonometry to obtain the augmentation index (AI) and pulse wave velocity (PWV). METHODS: AI was assessed in 162 Indigenous Australians (60 with type 2 diabetes) participating in a population-based ...
Rangineni Vasavi - - 2007
The combined effect of dried Eclipta alba leaf powder (3 g/day) in encapsulated form on blood pressure, diuresis, and lipid profile of 60 mildly hypertensive male subjects in the age group of 40-55 years was studied. The subjects were divided into two groups, i.e., a control (placebo) and the Eclipta ...
Satirapoj Bancha - - 2007
From a cohort of 109 patients (105 females and 4 males) treated for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 20 patients (18.3%) developed new episodes of lupus nephritis and 89 patients (81.7%) remained free of renal involvement during the follow-up period. The mean duration of follow up was 39.1 +/- 54.4 months. ...
Ghosh Arnab - - 2007
People of South Asian origin (e.g. Indians) usually have a more centralized distribution of body fat with thick trunk skinfolds and markedly higher mean waist circumference (WC) for a given level of body fat percentage compared to Europeans and are exceedingly susceptible to coronary heart disease (CHD) worldwide. Owing to ...
Tubek Slawomir - - 2007
It has been postulated that increased blood pressure is related to hypersensitivity of arterial chemoreceptors and increased tissue oxygen supply. Arterial blood pressure has been found to be negatively correlated to serum zinc and positively correlated to age, body mass index, and hemoglobin concentrations. The aim of the present investigation ...
Kraemer de Aguiar L G - - 2007
AIMS: Insulin resistance and a parental history of diabetes mellitus are independently associated with endothelial dysfunction. Oxidative stress has a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of vascular injury. Metformin, in addition to its glucose-lowering properties, has vasculoprotective effects. We investigated whether metformin has beneficial effects on the nutritive skin capillary ...
Sookoian S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The major function of the circadian system is the internal cycling of physiological and metabolic events. The present study sought to explore the effect of rotating shift work schedule on leucocyte count and its relationship with risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: From a population-based design, ...
Tomioka Setsuko - - 2007
In this study, we described the effectiveness of metformin on Japanese type 2 diabetes patients receiving sulfonylureas and the clinical characteristics of the patients whose glycemic control were significantly improved with metformin administration. Our results showed that the reduction of glycohemoglobin (HbA1C), serum concentration of total cholesterol, and diastolic blood ...
Leitão Cristiane B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of masked hypertension in normotensive type 2 diabetic patients on microvascular complications and echocardiographic parameters. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 135 normotensive patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients underwent urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) measurement, echocardiography, and 24-h ambulatory blood ...
Wachter Rolf - - 2007
To analyse the effect of diabetes (DM) on diastolic function in hypertensive patients. 439 hypertensive patients were selected for participation in this study. All participants had an echocardiographic evaluation of systolic and diastolic function. The overall degree of diastolic function and specific parameters (e.g. E/Ea ratio) were analysed. We divided ...
Galderisi Maurizio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary flow reserve (CFR) may be reduced both in arterial hypertension and in hypercholesterolemia. The aim of the study was to assess an association between CFR and levels of plasma total cholesterol (TC) in untreated arterial hypertension. METHODS: We studied 54 consecutive, untreated hypertensive outpatients free of coronary heart ...
Samuli Ollila O H - - 2007
Lateral pressure profiles have been suggested to play a significant role in many cellular membrane processes by affecting, for example, the activation of membrane proteins through changes in their conformational state. This may be the case if the lateral pressure profile is altered due to changes in molecular composition surrounding ...
Anan Futoshi - - 2007
We examined whether plasma high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and glucose metabolism parameters are independent or additive predictors of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with untreated essential hypertension. The study group consisted of 41 Japanese patients with untreated essential hypertension and LVH (left ventricular mass index [LVMI] >125 g/m2; age ...
Malik A R - - 2007
We investigated whether the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), a measure of albuminuria, is associated with non-invasive measures of arterial function in hypertensive adults without known coronary heart disease (CHD) or stroke. UACR was measured in the first voided morning urine sample in 469 non-Hispanic white hypertensive individuals (mean age 62.2+/-9.8 ...
Barrios Vivencio - - 2007
This study was designed to evaluate whether primary care physicians in Spain accurately diagnose the metabolic syndrome in hypertensive patients, to define the profile and management of these patients in clinical practice, and to ascertain the level of blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol control. Data were analyzed from a ...
Ebbesson Sven O E - - 2007
Fatty acids (FAs) have been related to changes in glucose and lipid metabolism. In this article, the authors assess the association between intake of specific FAs and components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in adult Eskimos. A total of 691 Inupiat Eskimos (325 men and 366 women), aged 34 to ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >