Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1160
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Murakami Kentaro - - 2008
Little is known about the relation between the activities of certain enzymes involved in endogenous fatty acid synthesis and metabolic risk factors, particularly in young adults and non-Western populations. In this cross-sectional study, we examined the associations between estimated desaturase and elongase activities and metabolic risk factors in young Japanese ...
Jindrich Spinar - - 2008
The aim of the present prospective, single centre observational study was to describe the profile and prognosis of patients hospitalised with chronic heart failure and to determine the value of discharge blood pressure and cholesterol for long-term survival. From among 2,346 hospitalised patients, 320 (13.6%) suffered from chronic heart failure ...
Rondó Patricia H C - - 2008
There is a considerable debate about the potential influence of 'fetal programming' on cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. In the present prospective epidemiological cohort study, the relationship between birthweight and arterial elasticity in 472 children between 5 and 8 years of age was assessed. LAEI (large artery elasticity index), SAEI (small ...
Komiya Naoko - - 2008
Although it has been reported that angiotensin II receptor blockers inhibited the formation and accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in vitro and in vivo, whether they can do so clinically is not clear. We investigated the effects of 12-month valsartan therapy on various markers of inflammation, glycation, and oxidation ...
Nantz Meri P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies examining the effect of tea drinking on cardiovascular health have produced mixed results due to their observational nature and qualitatively and quantitatively imprecise definitions of active tea components. The objective of this study was to determine if a standardized and defined decaffeinated green tea (Camellia sinensis) product ...
Buell Jackie L - - 2008
Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of symptoms associated with abdominal obesity that demonstrates a high risk for cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes mellitus. To evaluate football linemen in National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III schools for the presence of metabolic syndrome according to the American Heart ...
Kulminski Alexander M AM Center for Population Health and Aging, Duke University Population Research Institute, Durham, NC 27708, USA. - - 2008
We evaluated the predictive potential for long-term (24-year) survival and longevity (85+ years) of an index of cumulative deficits (DI) and six physiological indices (pulse pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, serum cholesterol, blood glucose, and hematocrit) measured in mid- to late life (44-88 years) for participants of the 9th ...
Perrinjaquet-Moccetti Tania - - 2008
Hypertension is a harmful disease factor that develops unnoticed over time. The treatment of hypertension is aimed at an early diagnosis followed by adequate lifestyle changes rather than pharmacological treatment. The olive leaf extract EFLA943, having antihypertensive actions in rats, was tested as a food supplement in an open study ...
Chatzizisis Yiannis S - - 2009
AIMS: We investigated the role of Valsartan (V) alone or in combination with Simvastatin (S) on coronary atherosclerosis and vascular remodeling, and tested the hypothesis that V or V/S attenuate the pro-inflammatory effect of low endothelial shear stress (ESS). METHODS: Twenty-four diabetic, hyperlipidemic swine were allocated into Early (n=12) and ...
Kohner E M - - 2008
Background The UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) was a randomised controlled clinical study which looked at the effect of improved blood glucose and blood pressure control on macro- and microvascular complications in Type 2 diabetes. Retinopathy was the commonest microvascular outcome and this paper looks at this complication. Methods Newly ...
Peleg Ronit Koren - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The influence of treatment for subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, arterial stiffness, and lipid profile has not been elucidated yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of levothyroxine on arterial stiffness, lipid profile, and inflammation. METHODS: The study included 30 patients with ...
Xu Chengli - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death in China. Although body mass index (BMI) of the Chinese population was lower than that of Western populations, it has shown a rapidly increasing trend. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of anthropometric measurements ...
Khatana S A M - - 2008
Veterans (N=41) with type II diabetes were enrolled in a behavioral and pharmacologic intervention for cardiac risk reduction for 4 weeks at the Providence Veterans Affairs Medical Center during 2004-2007 and were followed up 3 months post intervention. Erectile dysfunction (ED) was assessed using the 5-item version of the International ...
Savva Michalakis - - 2008
The feasibility of a method based on mass preservation [G. Schwarz, J. Zhang, Chem. Phys. Lipids, 110 (2001) 35-45] to determine the solubility of Cholesterol in water from monomolecular films on air/water interface was investigated. Using a mass balance equation, it was found that Cholesterol undergoes an exponential desorption at ...
Suwazono Yasushi - - 2008
To clarify the effect of shift work on blood pressure in Japanese men, a 14-year historical cohort study was conducted in day workers (n=3963) and alternating shift workers (n=2748) who received annual health checkups between 1991 and 2005 in a Japanese steel company. The end points were a >or=10%, >or=15%, ...
Wilson Peter W F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular disease (CeVD) can aid healthcare providers and prevention programs. Previous reports have focused on traditional cardiovascular risk factors; less information has been available on the role of overweight and obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Baseline data from 4780 Framingham Offspring Study adults ...
Istenes I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in diabetes and the risk is even greater in those with hypertension. AIMS: The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between CAN and 24-h blood pressure profile in normoalbuminuric patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. ...
Das Mithun - - 2008
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in "People of Indian Origin" (PIO) is exceedingly high and strong relationships among elevated blood pressure, increased levels of lipoproteins, visceral obesity, physical inactivity and subsequent high occurrence of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus etc., were evident in many studies. ...
Divchev Dimitar - - 2008
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of a combined treatment of angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1))-receptor blockade and 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA-reductase inhibition (statin) on the secretory phospholipase A(2) type IIA (sPLA(2)-IIA) and oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients with angiographically documented CAD ...
Scigliano Giulio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity promotes vascular disorders by its catabolic effects and by increasing arterial blood pressure. Levodopa-derived dopamine modulates sympathetic overactivity and is known to reduce blood pressure, but its effects on glucose and lipid metabolism have not been studied in large series of patients. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Raviraja Aryapu - - 2008
This article describes an entire family manufacturing lead acid batteries who all suffered from lead poisoning. The family of five lived in a house, part of which had been used for various stages of battery production for 14 years. Open space was used for drying batteries. They all drank water ...
Bellary S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Delivery of high-quality, evidence-based health care to deprived sectors of the community is a major goal for society. We investigated the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive, enhanced care package in UK general practices for improvement of cardiovascular risk factors in patients of south Asian origin with type 2 diabetes. ...
Bakris George G Department of Medicine, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2008
In patients with diabetic nephropathy, lowering blood pressure and reducing proteinuria by over 30% correlates with a slower progression to kidney failure. We compared two different angiotensin receptor-blockers in a double blind, prospective trial of 860 patients with type 2 diabetes whose blood pressure levels was over 130/80 mmHg or ...
Martins Wellington P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial impairment evaluation by sonographic measurement of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) has become broadly used. However, this method has 2 main caveats: the dilatation depends on the baseline arterial diameter, and a high precision level is required. Vasodilatation leads to an amplified fall in impedance. We hypothesized that assessment of ...
Sasaki Tatsuya T Cardiovascular Division, Osaka Minami Medical Center, National Hospital Organization, Kawachinagano, Japan. - - 2008
We compared the effects of telmisartan and olmesartan in 20 patients with chronic heart failure and metabolic syndrome. The subjects underwent once-daily 40 mg telmisartan for at least 3 months before switching to once-daily 20 mg olmesartan for the next 3 months (post 1). They were then treated with 3 ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2008
The relationships of cardio-ankle vascular index, (a new indicator of arterial stiffness), common carotid artery intima-media thickness, and ankle-brachial pressure index with atherosclerotic risk factors were compared in patients with type 2 diabetes. There were significant correlations between each pair of the above vascular indexes. Both cardio-ankle vascular index and ...
Rafidah H M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: It is debatable whether the assessment of low density lipoprotein or total cholesterol (TC) alone is sufficient to identify an individual's risk of having myocardial infarction. In the Framingham study, the risk of coronary artery disease was better indicated by an increase in the TC to high density lipoprotein ...
Allen Robin R - - 2008
Previous studies with plant sterols (PS) and cocoa flavanols (CF) provide support for their dietary use in maintaining cardiovascular health. This double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study evaluated the efficacy of daily consumption of a cocoa flavanol-containing dark chocolate bar with added PS on serum lipids, blood pressure, and other circulating cardiovascular ...
Colivicchi Furio - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This investigation was undertaken to compare diabetic and non-diabetic hypertensive patients with a first acute non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and to assess the impact of clinical and laboratory parameters on the occurrence of in-hospital complications. METHODS: The study population comprised 112 consecutive male hypertensive patients with their ...
Senior Peter A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials showed that multifactorial interventions can prevent microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes, but delivery of proven therapies in clinical practice is often suboptimal. STUDY DESIGN: Quality-improvement report. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Teams composed of a nurse and a dietitian were established in 5 communities, 2 urban and 3 ...
Watanabe Takuya - - 2008
Salusin-alpha is a new bioactive peptide with mild hypotensive and bradycardic effects. Our recent study showed that salusin-alpha suppresses foam cell formation in human monocyte-derived macrophages by down-regulating acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1, contributing to its anti-atherosclerotic effect. To clarify the clinical implications of salusin-alpha in hypertension and its complications, we examined the ...
Duda Grazyna - - 2008
This prospective and uncontrolled clinical study attempted to evaluate the effects of short-term supplementation with oily garlic formulation on lipid metabolism, glucose level and antioxidant status in patients suffering from primary arterial hypertension. Seventy subjects aged 30 to 60 years with primary arterial hypertension, including 38 females (mean age: 52.0 ...
Szklarska Alicja - - 2008
Human migration and its economic, social, and demographic effects can lead to health consequences for individuals and populations. In the present study, we estimated differences in health status between migrant (those who had come to Wrocław at the age of > or =16 years) and nonmigrant (those who had lived ...
Ge Chang-Jiang - - 2008
Our aim in this study was to investigate the changes of serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and uric acid (UA), and evaluate the synergistic effect of amlodipine and atorvastatin on blood pressure and left ventricular remodeling in hypertensive patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. One hundred and twenty-six hypertensive patients with hypercholesterolemia ...
Wilhelmsen L - - 2008
AIMS: Coronary risk factor changes were related to attack rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional population samples of 50-year-old men were examined every 10th year from 1963 to 2003. Attack rates of AMI were recorded from 1975 to 2004. Prevalence of smoking decreased from 56% in ...
Raitakari Olli T - - 2008
We evaluated whether plant stanol esters mixed with different vegetable oil spreads improved arterial health. A total of 200 adults with serum cholesterol >5 mmol/l were randomised to consume camelina, rapeseed or sunflower oil spread with stanol (2 g/d) ester or sunflower oil spread without stanol ester (controls) for 3 ...
Meyer Jonathan M JM Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, USA. - - 2008
The metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with increased risk for diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease, and is highly prevalent among schizophrenia patients. Given concerns over antipsychotic metabolic effects, this analysis explored MS status and outcomes in phase 1 of the CATIE Schizophrenia Trial. The change in proportion of subjects ...
Al-Tamer Yassar Y - - 2008
In this study, a group of controls and patients with essential hypertension were followed up for 1 year. Four measurements at different day temperatures were performed. In each visit, blood pressure, serum total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. The results showed a significant inverse relationship between mean ...
Osher Etty - - 2008
The practicality of vigorous lowering of systolic pressure in diabetes to <130 mmHg remains uncertain. Baseline blood pressure data from several recent trials indicate that, in diabetic subjects, there is nearly a fourfold excess in systolic pressure (the difference between baseline pressure and target pressure) over diastolic pressure with respect ...
Kosmidou Maria S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of short-term cholesterol-lowering treatment with atorvastatin on erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransport (Na(+)/Li(+) CT) activity. METHODS: Group A consisted of 30 patients (14 men) with mild essential hypertension (systolic blood pressure (SBP), 140-159 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP, 90-99 mm Hg) and primary hypercholesterolemia low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ...
Ge Ji-Yong JY Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the elasticity of large and small arteries in relation to the components of the metabolic syndrome in a Chinese population. Arterial elasticity indices were derived from pulse wave analysis based on a modified Windkessel model in 688 subjects, aged 33-65 years, who ...
Takata Yasunori - - 2008
Numerous studies have demonstrated that high blood pressure substantially increases the risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Currently, we found that serum resistin, an adipocyte- and monocyte-derived cytokine, was positively correlated with several components of the metabolic syndrome, including hypertension in T2DM. ...
Cene Crystal W - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term effect of a community-based risk reduction intervention at five years after completion of a one-year randomized clinical trial and to determine the sustainability of the beneficial effects seen one year after the intervention. METHODS: 30- to 59- year-old African American siblings of probands with premature ...
Uemura Hirokazu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Osteoprotegerin (OPG), an inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast activation, has been reported to be linked to vascular biology. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between circulating OPG and the risk factors for vascular disorders in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: Eighty Japanese postmenopausal women were enrolled in ...
Dominguez Ligia J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Africans who live in Western countries have a higher prevalence of hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors than do age-matched Africans who live in Africa. We conducted a community survey to evaluate cardiovascular risk in Africans who recently migrated to Italy. METHODS: Participants (N=83) from sub-Saharan Africa were recruited ...
Tsushima Megumi - - 2008
AIM: Atherosclerosis can be evaluated by carotid intima media thickness (IMT), the aortic calcification index (ACI), and pulse wave velocity (PWV). We investigated which test was most closely related to cerebro- and cardiovascular disorders (CCVD) in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Maximum IMT (max-IMT), ACI, and PWV were examined in 110 hemodialysis ...
Craig Leone C A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between overweight and high waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a secondary analysis of data from 1,944 participants of the 'National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4-18 years'. Blood ...
Brillante Divina G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increased arterial stiffness is a marker of cardiovascular damage, even in the absence of clinically apparent disease. It is likely to become an important clinical tool in cardiovascular risk assessment. AIMS AND METHODS: We studied a group of healthy subjects and measured their arterial stiffness by digital photoplethysmography. We ...
Sadakane Atsuko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Associations between dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease risk factors remain unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns derived from factor analysis and the levels of blood pressure and serum lipids in a Japanese population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 6886 ...
Chaiopanont Sompong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypoglycemic effect of Somporn Kantaradusdi-Triamchaisri technique 1 (SKT1) of sitting breathing meditation exercise on type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This quasi experiment study was performed on type 2 diabetic patients at Wat Khae Nok primary health center from April to May 2007 for a ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >