Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1160
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Miranda-Vilela Ana L - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of pequi (Caryocar brasiliense) fruit oil and its effects on the postprandial lipidemia and arterial blood pressure of male and female athletes. These athletes were evaluated after races in the same environment and under the same type, intensity, and ...
Verma S K - - 2009
Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. (Small cardamom) fruit powder was evaluated for its antihypertensive potential and its effect on some of the cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with stage 1 hypertension. Twenty, newly diagnosed individuals with primary hypertension of stage 1 were administered 3 g of cardamom powder in two divided ...
Nicholls Stephen J - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight clinical trials that have employed coronary artery imaging to evaluate the impact of medical therapies that target established cardiovascular risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: High resolution imaging of the entire vessel wall permits assessment of changes in the full extent of coronary atherosclerosis. Intensive lowering of ...
Velkoska Nakova V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is associated with dyslipidaemia and arterial hypertension. METHODS: At the Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Skopje, R. Macedonia, we examined 24 consecutive patients with SCH and 13 healthy controls in a period of 6 months. ...
Pellicano R - - 2009
AIM: Since the major established risk factors explain the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in a proportion of cases, it is crucial to search for other causal mechanisms. The possible link between IHD and Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection has been reported. However, the precise mechanism of this potential relationship, ...
Anuradha Sathish - - 2010
The aim of the study was to look at the association of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) in Asian Indian subjects with different grades of glucose intolerance and in those with hypertension and metabolic syndrome (MS). Three groups were recruited from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study, a population-based study in southern India, ...
Funada Jun-ichi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Postprandial hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance play roles in the development of atherosclerosis in metabolic syndrome (MetS); however, the clinical significance of postprandial hemodynamic variables in this condition is still in question. The aim of this study was to investigate hemodynamic and metabolic indicators related to MetS after a mixed ...
Cecelja Marina - - 2009
Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), a measure of large artery stiffness, is an important predictor of cardiovascular events. This has been attributed to it being an integrative measure of the impact of cardiovascular risk factors on the arterial wall. Pulse wave velocity is strongly associated with age and blood pressure. ...
Spitsin S - - 2010
The role of uric acid (UA) in human physiology is subject to controversy. Either it is an important radical scavenger, a mostly neutral, waste metabolic product that may cause gout and kidney stones if elevated, or it is involved in the causation of hypertension, vascular and renal diseases. Recently we ...
Nakatsuji Hideaki - - 2010
Postprandial metabolic dysregulation plays a role in the development of atherosclerosis. Visceral fat accumulation is an important component of various metabolic disorders including glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, which correlate with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to compare the postprandial response of various metabolic parameters, ...
Jorde R - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cross-sectional studies indicate vitamin D to be of importance for glucose tolerance, blood pressure and serum lipids, but whether supplementation with vitamin D would improve cardio-vascular risk factors is not known. DESIGN AND SETTING: The study was a 1 year, double blind placebo-controlled intervention trial performed at ...
Weir Matthew R MR University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. - - 2009
The Stop Atherosclerosis in Native Diabetics Study (SANDS) was a randomized open-label clinical trial in type 2 diabetics designed to examine the effects of intensive reduction of blood pressure, aggressive vs standard goals (< or =115/75 mm Hg vs < or =130/80 mm Hg), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol on ...
Lu Zhen Sui - - 2009
In this cross-sectional study, we examined whether hyperuricemia is associated with hypertension and the association exists in a Chinese population at a high risk of hypertension. The study population included 813 consecutively clinical patients with suspected cardiovascular disease, including the subjects with the current use of antihypertensive medications and self-reported ...
Saely Christoph H - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of excess bodyweight and high blood pressure in young Swiss men and to evaluate the associations of these disorders with serum cholesterol in this important population. The study investigated a large cohort of 56784 Swiss army conscripts aged 18-25 years from 2004 through ...
Ukkola Olavi - - 2009
A reduction in the blood pressure decline at night (<10% from daytime systolic blood pressure (SBP)) during 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) ('non-dipping pattern') is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. Our aim was to evaluate whether ABPM characteristics are associated with metabolic abnormalities in subjects without known hypertension or type ...
Tsai Wei-Chuan - - 2009
Increased arterial stiffness is an important marker for target organ damage in essential hypertension. Both serum uric acid (UA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were reported to be associated with target organ damage. However, the influences of UA and CRP on large arterial stiffness were not well elucidated. This study included ...
Akamatsu Mayuko - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: Atherosclerosis is evaluated by carotid mean intima-media thickness (mean IMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and the aortic calcification index (ACI). We have attempted to examine if these atherosclerotic parameters are associated with each other and which parameters are closely related to cardiac function in chronic HD patients. METHODS: The ...
Kotani Kazuhiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies have examined the associations between measurements used to assess obesity, such as the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and intra-abdominal fat area, and cardiometabolic abnormalities. However, the application of these measures in clinical practice requires more detailed examination in older individuals. The abdominal ...
Martins Larissa Castelo Guedes - - 2009
This study aimed to analyze the level of physical activity for people with high blood pressure cared for in a health center. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 310 individuals between 18 and 69 years of age through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The majority (80%) of participants presented ...
Syed Sadiqa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between anthropometric variables with blood glucose and lipid concentrations in different stages of hypertension and evaluate the risk factors involved in progression of pre-hypertension stage in to clinical hypertension stage-1. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease and ...
Petrofsky Jerrold S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous data has shown that when pressure is applied to the skin of the ankle and on the foot, there is a reactive increase in circulation. In the present investigation, these studies were expanded to look at the response of the hand, back, and foot to applied pressure. MATERIAL/METHODS: ...
Rodrigo E - - 2009
Cyclosporine has a narrow therapeutic window requiring close monitoring to ensure adequate immunosuppression while avoiding nephrotoxicity and other side effects. Pharmacokinetic studies have suggested that cyclosporine levels at 2 hours postdose (C2) is the best single time point to predict area under the concentration curve (AUC) in kidney transplant recipients. ...
Laclaustra Martin M Department of Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Madrid, - - 2009
Selenium is an antioxidant micronutrient with potential interest for cardiovascular disease prevention. Few studies have evaluated the association between selenium and hypertension, with inconsistent findings. We explored the relationship of serum selenium concentrations with blood pressure and hypertension in a representative sample of the US population. We undertook a cross-sectional ...
Qidwai Waris - - 2009
The seed extracts from Nigella sativa is used by Unani physicians of traditional medicine (Hakims or Tabibs) and Ayurvedic practitioners (Vaids) in the treatment of several medical disorders including dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension. It is, therefore, important to prove or disprove the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of powdered N. sativa ...
Urakami Tatsuhiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) other than hyperglycemia at diagnosis in schoolchildren with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN: The study involved 112 Japanese schoolchildren, 45 males and 67 females aged 12.9 +/- 1.5 yr, who were diagnosed as having T2DM. The body ...
Elamin Mohamed B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the available evidence on the cardiovascular effects of cross-sex steroid use in transsexuals. METHODS: We searched relevant electronic databases and sought additional references from experts. Eligible studies reported on cardiovascular events, venous thromboembolism, blood pressure and fasting serum lipids. Data were extracted in duplicate. We used the ...
Schneider F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The thiazolidindione (TDZ) pioglitazone reduces insulin resistance and blood pressure in non-diabetic patients with arterial hypertension as previously reported [Füllert et al. 2002]. The question is still not answered whether it is a direct effect on the endothelial wall or it is related with improvement of insulin sensitivity. The ...
Andrade Ana C M - - 2009
To compare the metabolic, hemodynamic, autonomic, and endothelial responses to short-term red wine consumption in subjects with hypercholesterolemia or arterial hypertension, and healthy controls. Subjects with hypercholesterolemia (n=10) or arterial hypertension (n=9), or healthy controls (n=7) were given red wine (250 mL/night) for 15 days. Analyses were performed before and ...
Bitsori Maria - - 2009
Objectives. Most published definitions of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents include increased waist circumference (WC) in their criteria. To assess the clinical relevance of WC in identifying adolescents with the MetS phenotype and adverse fitness patterns, we divided a cohort of 15-year-old schoolchildren in quartiles for WC, ...
Nguyen Stephanie S Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2009
To evaluate whether sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, a significant source of dietary fructose, is associated with higher serum uric acid levels and blood pressure in adolescents. We analyzed cross-sectional data from 4867 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004. Dietary data were assessed ...
Ayer Julian G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is found at autopsy in the arteries of adolescents and young adults. Arterial wall thickening may be assessed in vivo by ultrasound measurement of the carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. As the determinants of arterial wall thickness in childhood are unknown, we assessed ...
Cornelissen Véronique A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It is not well known which exercise intensity is needed to obtain blood pressure reductions in response to endurance training. We therefore compared the effect of training at lower and higher intensity on blood pressure, and, in addition on other cardiovascular risk factors, in at least 55-year-old sedentary men ...
Reis F - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of sirolimus (SRL) vs cyclosporine (CsA) concerning the cardiovascular mechanisms hypothetically contributing to hypertension development. Three rat groups were studied: control (vehicle), CsA (5 mg/kg/d), and SRL (1 mg/kg/d). The following parameters were evaluated after 7 weeks of treatment: blood ...
Chogtu B - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a common disorder associated with a number of metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and high blood pressure. These abnormalities are recognised risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Insulin-sensitising drugs exert an effect on these cardiovascular risk factors. The present study was done with the objective ...
Ukaejiofo E O - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To screen non-diabetic hypertensive Nigerian patients with a view to determining their haematological and coagulation profiles. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty (30) consecutive non-diabetic hypertensive patients, aged 20-60 years and 30 age and sex-matched, apparently healthy subjects, were investigated for some haematological and coagulation parameters, blood pressure, pulse, body weight, ...
Crawley Danielle - - 2009
To examine associations between social class and achievement of selected national audit targets for coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes and hypertension in England before and after the introduction of a major pay for performance programme in 2004. Secondary analysis of 2003 and 2006 national survey data for respondents with CHD ...
Izzo Raffaele - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Incidence of type 2 diabetes might be associated with preexisting hypertension. There is no information on whether incident diabetes is predicted by blood pressure control. We evaluated the hazard of diabetes in relation to blood pressure control in treated hypertensive patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Nondiabetic, otherwise healthy, hypertensive ...
Batty G David GD MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK. - - 2009
Given the well-established links between diabetes and elevated rates of pancreatic cancer, there are reasons to anticipate that other markers of metabolic abnormality (increased body mass index, plasma cholesterol, and blood pressure) and their correlates (physical activity and socioeconomic status) may also confer increased risk. However, to date, the results ...
Vivencio Barrios
In this manuscript, the profile and clinical management of hypertensive patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and atrial fibrillation (AF) is examined and whether high heart rate is associated with a different profile is determined. CINHTIA was a cross-sectional and multicenter survey aimed to define the clinical profile of hypertensive ...
Cotter Jorge - - 2009
AIMS: To investigate risk factors for progression to microalbuminuria in normoalbuminuric hypertensive patients. METHODS: In a longitudinal study, 173 previously treated normoalbuminuric hypertensive patients with high cardiovascular risk (70% diabetics) were evaluated at study entry and after 12 months. Levels of urinary albumin excretion (UAE; study entry and end of ...
Bulpitt Christopher John - - 2009
The Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial (HYVET) is a randomized double-blind trial of active antihypertensive treatment (indapamide 1.5 mg sustained release +/-2-4 mg perindopril) vs placebo in participants over the age of 80 years with a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 160-199 mmHg during a placebo run-in period plus ...
Roghani-Dehkordi Farshad - - 2009
ABSTRACT. Lifestyle modifications are effective for the management and prevention of hypertension. We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of an oral concentrated leaf juice of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.; CS) in patients with mild hypertension (systolic blood pressure [SBP]/diastolic blood pressure [DBP], 140-159/90-99 mmHg). Subjects were ...
Bitsori Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Most published definitions of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents include increased waist circumference (WC) in their criteria. To assess the clinical relevance of WC in identifying adolescents with the MetS phenotype and adverse fitness patterns, we divided a cohort of 15-year-old schoolchildren in quartiles for WC, ...
Lu Zhen Sui - - 2009
In this cross-sectional study, we examined whether hyperuricemia is associated with hypertension and the association exists in a Chinese population at a high risk of hypertension. The study population included 813 consecutively clinical patients with suspected cardiovascular disease, including the subjects with the current use of antihypertensive medications and self-reported ...
Vasdev Sudesh - - 2009
Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Individuals with hypertension are at an increased risk for stroke, heart disease and kidney failure. Essential hypertension results from a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. One such lifestyle factor is diet, and its role in the control of blood ...
Kutlu Mustafa - - 2009
PURPOSE: Hemoglobin (Hb) regulates the endothelial function by modulating the bio-availability of NO at the tissue level. A significant direct relationship is present between the Hb levels and endothelial functions in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Testing whether this association also exists in subjects with prediabetes is important because prediabetes ...
Cai Zhenzhen - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate prevalences of hyperuricemia and the metabolic syndrome (MS) in the Hangzhou population, and the relationship between serum uric acid and the MS. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 4155 subjects (2614 men and 1541 women) aged 20-80 years, recruited through a health ...
Sabik Laila M E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Freon includes a number of gaseous, colorless chlorofluorocarbons. Although freon is generally considered to be a fluorocarbon of relatively low toxicity; significantly detrimental effects may occur upon over exposure. The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether occupational exposure to fluorocarbons can induce arterial hypertension, myocardial ischemia, ...
Topal Cevat - - 2009
Peritonitis, the type of buffer used in the dialysate, continue ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) of greater than two years duration, increased exposure to dialysate glucose, diabetes mellitus, and the use of beta blockers may contribute to impaired ultrafiltration. The aim of the present study is to compare the effects of ...
Atta Mohamed G MG Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md, USA. - - 2009
The natural course of microalbuminuria in African Americans (AA) with type 2 diabetes is not well established. Longitudinal analysis of 186 African Americans with type 2 diabetes enrolled in Project Sugar, a randomized controlled trial of primary care-based interventions to improve diabetes control. Mean age was 59.4 years and 85% ...
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