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Bek Toke - - 2011
Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by morphological lesions in the ocular fundus related to impairment of the retinal blood flow. The morphological lesions display a dynamic pattern of new formation and resorption of lesions, with a turn-over within days to weeks that may reflect basic pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the disease. However, ...
Meyer Philippe - - 2010
Population strategies to increase physical activity are an essential part of cardiovascular disease prevention. However, little data exist on lifestyle interventions that are easy to integrate into everyday life such as using stairs instead of elevators at the workplace. Pre and postintervention study. A 12-week promotional campaign for stair use ...
Goncharov Alexey - - 2010
To determine risk factors for elevated blood pressure and hypertension in residents of Anniston, Alabama who live near a plant that manufactured polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). A total of 758 Anniston residents had multiple measurements of blood pressure, provided information on demographic factors, medications, smoking, and exercise, and provided blood samples ...
Branigan Tom - - 2011
The level of hematocrit (Hct) is known to affect mean arterial pressure (MAP) by influencing blood viscosity. In the healthy population, an increase in Hct (and corresponding increase in viscosity) tends to raise MAP. However, data from a clinical study of type 2 diabetic patients indicate that this relationship is ...
Draheim Christopher C - - 2010
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) residing in large institutional settings possess low levels of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether community-residing adults with DS possess less atherosclerosis than adults without DS. The second purpose was to examine the relation between cardiovascular disease risk factors and intima-media ...
Chang J W - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) consists of a constellation of metabolic abnormalities that confer increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There is a positive correlation between exposure to persistent organic pollutants and MetS. We examine the association between PCDD/Fs and MetS components in 1490 non-diabetic persons living near a highly dioxin-contaminated area. We ...
Chuang Kai-Jen - - 2011
Objectives To investigate changes in blood pressure, blood lipids, blood sugar and haematological markers of inflammation associated with changes in long-term exposure to ambient air pollutants. Methods We conducted secondary analyses of data on blood pressure and blood biochemistry markers from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study in ...
Takahashi Ryotaro - - 2010
Pulse wave velocity (PWV), an estimate of arterial stiffness, is an important predictor of cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lipoprotein subclasses and brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV). A total of 131 apparently healthy Japanese men without a history of cardiovascular disease were divided into ...
Van Bortel L M - - 2010
Hypertension is a widely prevalent condition of elevated blood pressure (BP) and is the leading risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Many patients have additional risk factors such as diabetes mellitus (DM) or previous history of CVD. Nebivolol is a third-generation beta (beta)-blockers which has been shown ...
Zhao Guixiang - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency or high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) appear to be emerging risk factors for hypertension. This study examined whether serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and PTH were independently associated with blood pressure and the presence of hypertension or prehypertension among the United States adults. Cross-sectional data ...
De Luis D A - - 2010
Angiotensin II regulates the production of adipokines. The objective was to study the effect of treatment with irbesartan versus olmesartan in obese hypertensive women. A sample of 34 obese hypertensive women was analyzed in a prospective way with a randomized trial. Patients were randomized to irbesartan (300 mg/day) or olmesartan ...
Franek Edward - - 2010
This study aimed to answer the question of whether chronic periodontitis in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with increased left ventricular mass (LVM) and systemic and central blood pressure (CBP). One hundred and fifty-five subjects with type 2 diabetes (67 F, 88 M, mean age 61.1±6.9 years, ...
Mokhtar Rafidah Hanim - - 2010
Reduced arterial compliance in patients with diabetes mellitus has been shown in several studies, but it has not been significantly associated with either atherosclerosis or vessel wall thickness. Blood pressure variability is still poorly explored in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to compare blood pressure variability and ...
Taylor Anne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between self-reported and clinical measurements for high blood pressure (HBP) and high cholesterol (HC) in a random population sample. METHOD: A representative population sample of adults aged 18 years and over living in the north-west region of Adelaide (n=1537) were recruited to the biomedical cohort ...
Cavaco Afonso M - - 2010
To describe pharmacist-customer communication, during blood pressure and capillary cholesterol services, in a community pharmacy setting. Participants were purposively selected and data collected by audio-recording. The encounters' verbal content was transcribed verbatim, utterances identified, time stamped, and classified according to a coding scheme of 15 categories. Four dialogue structures were ...
Datau E A - - 2010
to study the efficacy of Nigella sativa in central obese men on serum free testosterone, body weight, waist circumference, blood sugar, lipid, uric acid, adiponectin, hs-CRP, and side effects in the treatment group compare to control. an experimental, clinical test, double blinded with placebo control, pre-test and post-test design. Subjects ...
Petrazzuoli Ferdinando - - 2010
Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension are commonly associated chronic conditions which require regular structured treatment. In the UK many quality markers have been improved through an incentivisation scheme. The aim of this study was to discover if there is potential for improving the quality of care for patients with ...
Basu Arpita - - 2010
Strawberries have been reported to be potent antioxidants and reduce cardiovascular risk factors, such as elevated blood pressure, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and inflammation in limited studies. We hypothesized that freeze-dried strawberry supplementation will improve blood pressure, impaired glucose, dyslipidemia, or circulating adhesion molecules in obese subjects with metabolic syndrome, thereby lowering ...
Wago Takehiko T Department of Clinical and Molecular Endocrinology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, - - 2010
Telmisartan, a selective antagonist for angiotensin type1 receptor and a partial agonist for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, decreases blood pressure and has been shown to improve glucose and lipid metabolism, suggesting potential cardiovascular protective effects. In this study, we investigated whether long-term treatment with telmisartan improved endothelial function in 35 hypertensive ...
van Vliet Peter - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Although obesity, hypercholesterolaemia and hypertension in midlife are risk factors for dementia in late life, dementia is associated with lower body mass index, cholesterol levels and blood pressures. It is unclear whether declines in these vascular risk factors are preceded by declines in cognitive function or vice versa. METHODS: ...
Murray Joanna - - 2010
To explore trends by ethnicity in clinical risk factor recording and control among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), during a period of major investment in quality improvement initiatives in general practice in England. Longitudinal study from 1998 to 2007, using general practice data extracted from electronic patient records of ...
Pereira-Neto Aldo - - 2010
Intrasellar pressure (ISP) measurement technique has recently opened a new line of research in neuroendocrinology. The absolute and mean ISP values were investigated in 25 patients consecutively operated at the Brasilia University Hospital (DF). These data were correlated with serum prolactin levels, number of visual quadrant affected, tumor size, quality ...
Søraas Camilla L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Regression of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and albuminuria in hypertension has previously been shown to reduce clinical cardiovascular events and death. We aimed to investigate the associations of regression of electrocardiographic (ECG) LV hypertrophy and albuminuria with the incidence of revascularization. METHODS: In 9193 hypertensive patients included in the ...
Neutel Joel M - - 2010
Hypertension and dyslipidemia are highly co-prevalent, but often poorly controlled, coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2004 and April 2008 to compare estimated 10-year CHD risk reduction and dual blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal attainment (Seventh Report of the Joint ...
Vassalle Cristina - - 2011
Background and aim.?The effects of tibolone on cardiovascular risk is not yet fully understood today. We designed this study to assess the effect of the menopausal status and tibolone treatment (2.5?mg/day for 3 months) on different biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in healthy women. Methods.?Blood arterial pressure were measured, and blood ...
Schutte Rudolph - - 2010
Sub-Saharan Africans face an increasing burden of hypertension. Although controversial, recent experimental evidence strongly suggests that serum calcium contributes to elevated blood pressure through increased vascular resistance. We investigated the associations of 24-h blood pressure and cardiovascular reactivity with serum calcium in African men stratified by age. The study consisted ...
Akintunde Adeseye A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and dyslipidemia are closely interrelated. We aim to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia among newly diagnosed Nigerian hypertensive subjects and its associated clinical correlates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study done at the Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, southwest Nigeria. One hundred ...
Ahmed Nazir - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular accident in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2007 to December 2007 at Shahina Jamil Teaching Hospital Abbottabad. The study included 200 patients with hypertension who attended the medical outpatient's clinic at Shahina Jamil ...
Derosa Giuseppe - - 2010
The most adequate way to experimentally reproduce the post-prandial lipemia condition appears to be the administration of a standardized oral fat load (OFL) to fasting patients. We studied the effects of a standardized OFL on markers of vascular remodelling in healthy subjects. We enrolled 286 Caucasians aged >or= 18 of ...
Noheria Amit A Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2010
African-Americans with hypertension are susceptible to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Serum osteoprotegerin level has been reported to be associated with LVH. We investigated the association of osteoprotegerin with LV mass (LVM) in 898 African-Americans with hypertension (mean age 65 years, 71% women). Osteoprotegerin levels were measured in serum by an ...
Gellert Kapuaolaokalaniakea S - - 2010
We evaluated a community-based 12-week healthy lifestyle program in Moloka'i, HI, called Ke 'Ano Ola, which was developed to decrease chronic disease risk through health education emphasizing weight loss, exercise, and risk factor reduction. Program leaders' strong commitment and positive role modeling, along with social and group support and community ...
Chuang Kai-Jen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in blood pressure, lipids, and sugar associated with changes in exposure to ambient air pollution. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of blood pressure and biochemistry markers from Taiwanese Survey on Prevalence of Hyperglycemia, Hyperlipidemia, and Hypertension and air pollution monitoring data in 2002 by applying generalized ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and subclinical inflammation are associated with atherosclerosis progression, whereas microalbuminuria is an established index of hypertensive organ damage. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: In an outpatient hypertensive unit, 296 nondiabetic and untreated participants with hypertension were studied. Participants with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, severe valvulopathy, congestive ...
Kawamoto Ryuichi - - 2010
AIM: There are few data focusing on the effect of insulin resistance on a new risk category of prehypertension (120-139 mmHg systolic and/or 80-89 mmHg diastolic blood pressure) recently established by The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on High Blood Pressure (JNC-7). We aimed to determine whether insulin ...
Knoepfli-Lenzin C - - 2010
The present study examined the effect of football (F, n=15) training on the health profile of habitually active 25-45-year-old men with mild hypertension and compared it with running (R, n=15) training and no additional activity (controls, C, n=17). The participants in F and R completed a 1-h training session 2.4 ...
Suwazono Yasushi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Detailed information on the expected physiologic changes after smoking cessation is practically useful to encourage people to stop smoking. Furthermore, weight increase after cessation may affect such physiologic changes. PURPOSE: This article aims to evaluate the effect of smoking cessation on annual changes in body weight, blood pressure, and ...
Petrofsky Jerrold S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Much attention has been given to the effect of pressure on skin blood flow in the feet of older people and people with diabetes. However, little attention has been paid to other areas of the body, especially under the belt at the waist where pressure might be high during ...
Pereira Joilane A - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study examined the relationship between birthweight and blood pressure in childhood. METHODS: Prospective cohort study involving 472 Brazilian children ranging in age from 5 to 8 years. Birthweight, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol and fractions (LDL-c, HDL-c), ...
Jorde Rolf - - 2010
Vitamin D receptors have been detected in vascular smooth muscle cells, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D inhibits the renin mRNA expression. Epidemiological studies show an inverse relation between serum 25-hydoxyvitamin D levels and blood pressure, and low serum 25-hydoxyvitamin D levels are reported to be predictors of future development of hypertension. This ...
Liu Li-Kuo - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension among middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan and to explore the evolutionary changes of blood pressure in 5-year follow-up period. METHODS: In 2000, people aged over 40 participating in annual health examinations at local health stations in I-Lan County were invited to join ...
Jago Russell - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It is not clear the extent to which change in adiposity and cardiovascular fitness (CRF) during early childhood are associated with change in cardiovascular risk factors or if associations are independent or interactive. METHODS: 383 Danish children were examined at ages 6 and 9. CRF, sum of skinfolds (SSF), ...
Chen Xiaoping - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate high-density lipoprotein (HDL) antioxidative activity and its possible influencing factors in patients with essential hypertension and to investigate the correlations between HDL antioxidative activity and the carotid arterial intima-media thickness (CIMT). Thirty-three patients with essential hypertension and 32 healthy people as control ...
Broncel Marlena - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have shown that anthocyanins may exert pleiotropic effects. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of Aronia melanocarpa extract on blood pressure and serum concentration of endothelin-1 (ET-1), lipids, glucose, uric acid, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, the antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), superoxide dysmutase (SOD), ...
Qian Yun - - 2010
Different populations have diverse patterns of relationships between Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) and obesity and lipid markers, it is important to investigate the characteristics of associations between IFG and other related risk factors including body mass index (BMI), waist circumstance (WC), serum lipids and blood pressure (BP) in a Chinese ...
Kouda Katsuyasu K Department of Public Health, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, - - 2010
Current trends in body size, blood pressure, and serum lipids in children are predictors of future disease prevalence. However, there have been no studies of blood pressure and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in Japanese children. We investigated trends in body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood ...
Asferg Camilla - - 2010
Leptin and adiponectin are hormones secreted by adipose tissue, and both hormones are candidate intermediaries between adipose tissue and overweight-related diseases. So far, no prospective study has been published where the independent effects of these two hormones on the development of hypertension have been directly compared. The objective of this ...
Miranda-Vilela Ana L - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of pequi (Caryocar brasiliense) fruit oil and its effects on the postprandial lipidemia and arterial blood pressure of male and female athletes. These athletes were evaluated after races in the same environment and under the same type, intensity, and ...
Verma S K - - 2009
Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. (Small cardamom) fruit powder was evaluated for its antihypertensive potential and its effect on some of the cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with stage 1 hypertension. Twenty, newly diagnosed individuals with primary hypertension of stage 1 were administered 3 g of cardamom powder in two divided ...
Nicholls Stephen J - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight clinical trials that have employed coronary artery imaging to evaluate the impact of medical therapies that target established cardiovascular risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: High resolution imaging of the entire vessel wall permits assessment of changes in the full extent of coronary atherosclerosis. Intensive lowering of ...
Velkoska Nakova V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is associated with dyslipidaemia and arterial hypertension. METHODS: At the Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Skopje, R. Macedonia, we examined 24 consecutive patients with SCH and 13 healthy controls in a period of 6 months. ...
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