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Pluengphon P - - 2012
The effects of Na atoms on high pressure structural phase transitions of CuIn(0.5)Ga(0.5)Se(2) (CIGS) were studied by an ab initio method using density functional theory. At ambient pressure, CIGS is known to have chalcopyrite ([Formula: see text]) structure. The high pressure phase transitions of CIGS were proposed to be the ...
Pulikkotil J J - - 2012
The results of ab initio calculations of the pressure dependence of Fe magnetism in cubic FeGe are presented. We find that when the pressure-volume scale is set by means of generalized gradient approximation total energies and magnetism is described by means of the local density approximation, the critical pressure at ...
Kass L - - 2012
To date, there has been inconclusive evidence regarding the effect of magnesium supplements on blood pressure (BP). This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of magnesium supplementation on BP and to establish the characteristics of trials showing the largest effect size. Primary outcome measures were systolic blood pressure (SBP) ...
Palacios M J - - 2012
SUMMARYParasites reduce host fitness and consequently impose strong selection pressures on their hosts. It has been hypothesized that parasites are scarcer and their overall effect on hosts is weaker at higher latitudes. Although Antarctic birds have relatively low numbers of parasites, their effect on host fitness has rarely been investigated. ...
Canto A C V C S - - 2012
The effect of applying high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on the instrumental parameters of color and texture and sensory characteristics of alligator meat were evaluated. Samples of alligator tail meat were sliced, vacuum-packed, pressurized and distributed into four groups: control, treated with 200MPa/10min, 300MPa/10min and 400MPa/10min, then stored at 4°C±1°C for ...
Okamoto Luis E - - 2012
Patients with autonomic failure have disabling orthostatic hypotension because of impaired sympathetic activity. Norepinephrine transporter blockade with atomoxetine raises blood pressure in autonomic failure by increasing synaptic norepinephrine concentrations in postganglionic sympathetic neurons. This effect requires tonic release of norepinephrine, which is decreased in patients with low sympathetic tone. We ...
Hashimoto S - - 2012
We used a Japanese antihypertensive drug database to investigate the blood pressure-lowering effect of statins in hypertensive patients receiving antihypertensive medication. We also examined the class effect of antihypertensive drugs on blood pressure lowering by statins. The Risk/Benefit Assessment of Drugs-Analysis and Response (RAD-AR) Council has developed an antihypertensive drug ...
Navarro Martina - - 2012
We investigated the effects of high pressure on the point of no return or the minimum time required for a kicker to respond to the goalkeeper's dive in a simulated penalty kick task. The goalkeeper moved to one side with different times available for the participants to direct the ball ...
Chazov Evgeny I - - 2012
A comparative study of hypotensive effects of binuclear forms of dinitrosyl iron complexes (DNICs) with glutathione, S-nitrosoglutathione (GS-NO) and sodium nitrite (NaNO(2)) on rats has been carried out. The latter appeared to be the least efficient, viz., mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreased by 10 and 30mmHg at 25 and 100μmoles/kg ...
Riesen Sabine C - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the effects of the pacemaker funny current (I(f)) inhibitor ivabradine on heart rate (HR), left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, and left atrial performance in healthy cats and cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Animals-6 healthy cats and 6 cats with subclinical HCM. Procedures-Anesthetized cats underwent cardiac catheterization ...
Krendl Anne - - 2012
Although the effects of negative stereotypes and observer pressure on athletic performance have been well researched, the effects of positive stereotypes on performance, particularly in the presence of observers, is not known. In the current study, White males watched a video either depicting Whites basketball players as the best free ...
Zhuang Yongliang - - 2012
Antihypertensive effect of long-term oral administration of jellyfish (Rhopilema esculentum) collagen peptides (JCP) on renovascular hypertension rats (RVHs) was evaluated. The systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure of the RVHs were significantly reduced with administration of JCP (p < 0.05), compared with model control group. However, the arterial blood ...
Follonier Stéphanie - - 2012
Much knowledge has been gained for the last 30 years about the effects of pressure on bacteria, and various pressure-based technologies have been designed. The development of modern molecular biology techniques (e.g., DNA microarrays) as well as the technological advances realized in the manufacturing of robust sampling and high-pressure devices has ...
Campbell Fiona - - 2012
Aims: Fish oils are widely believed to promote cardiovascular health by lowering blood pressure (BP) but the evidence supporting this is not conclusive. We aimed to systematically review existing evidence.Method: We undertook a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and crossover trials that evaluated the effectiveness of fish-oil supplements. We ...
Jankowski Piotr - - 2012
Although the differences between central and peripheral blood pressure (BP) have been known for decades, the consequences of decision-making based on peripheral rather than central BP have only recently been recognized. Central PP is closer to the heart, coronary and carotid arteries, which are the most important sites of cardiovascular ...
Roshani Babak - - 2012
The effects of leachate recycling and bed mixing on the removal rate of H(2)S from waste gas stream were investigated. The experimental setup consisted of an epoxy-coated three-section biofilter with an ID of 8cm and effective bed height of 120cm. Bed material consisted of municipal solid waste compost and PVC ...
Su Chih-Chung - - 2012
This work demonstrates a highly sensitive pressure sensor that was fabricated using carbon microcoils (CMCs) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). CMCs were grown by chemical vapor deposition using various ratios of Fe-Sn catalytic solution. The pressure sensor has a sandwiched structure, in which the as-grown CMCs were inserted between two PDMS layers. ...
Ghosh Rajeshwary - - 2012
Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are considered to be two major atherosclerotic risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). A stress-induced protein identified to be dermcidin isoform 2 of Mr. 11 kDa from blood plasma of hypertensive persons when injected (0.1 μM) in rabbits increased the systolic pressure by 77% and diastolic pressure ...
Miura S - - 2012
Adequate lowering of blood pressure reduces the risk of hypertension-induced cardiovascular events. Worldwide, blood pressure is not optimally controlled and more effective management is needed. The efficacy and tolerability of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) have led to their widespread use. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are highly effective ...
Fernández Eduardo - - 2012
Nanostructured FeNi-based multilayers are very suitable for use as magnetic sensors using the giant magneto-impedance effect. New fields of application can be opened with these materials deposited onto flexible substrates. In this work, we compare the performance of samples prepared onto a rigid glass substrate and onto a cyclo olefin ...
Owen Alice J - - 2012
Amlodipine is a long-acting, dihydropyridine calcium antagonist now widely used for lowering of elevated blood pressure. In recent years it has been shown to be effective in reducing both blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular (CV) events when used in combination with other antihypertensive agents of different classes. Strong evidence ...
Flynn Elizabeth R - - 2012
Amlodipine reduces blood pressure; however, its effect in the diabetic kidney irrespective of its blood pressure-lowering effects is unclear. This study examined the effects of amlodipine (0, 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg; D(A0), D(A5), D(A10) and D(A20), respectively) for 12 weeks on renal functional and structural changes in the streptozotocin-induced ...
Zghonda Nahla - - 2012
The present study compared the effects of resveratrol and its dimer ε-viniferin on vascular endothelial cells (VECs) functions, and on the blood pressure and cardiac mass of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Treatment of VECs with these compounds enhanced cell proliferation via nitric oxide generation and protected the cells from oxidative ...
Galindo Pilar - - 2012
Chronic oral quercetin reduces blood pressure and restores endothelial dysfunction in hypertensive animals. However, quercetin (aglycone) is usually not present in plasma, because it is rapidly metabolized into conjugated, mostly inactive, metabolites. The aim of the study is to analyze whether deconjugation of these metabolites is involved in the blood ...
Usinger Lotte - - 2012
Fermented milk has been suggested to have a blood pressure lowering effect through increased content of proteins and peptides produced during the bacterial fermentation. Hypertension is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease world wide and new blood pressure reducing lifestyle interventions, such as fermented milk, would be ...
Ried Karin - - 2012
High blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease attributing to about 50% of cardiovascular events worldwide and 37% of cardiovascular related deaths in Western populations. Epidemiological studies suggest that cocoa rich products reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Flavanols found in cocoa have been shown to increase ...
Musini Vijaya M VM Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, , Vancouver, BC, Canada. - - 2012
Antihypertensive drugs from the thiazide diuretic drug class have been shown to reduce mortality and cardiovascular morbidity. Loop diuretics are indicated and used as antihypertensive drugs but a systematic review of their blood pressure lowering efficacy or effectiveness in terms of reducing cardiovascular mortality or morbidity from randomized controlled trial ...
Pisano Dominic V DV Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., - - 2012
Semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD) is a pathological opening in the bony wall of the inner ear that can result in conductive hearing loss. The hearing loss is variable across patients, and the precise mechanism and source of variability are not fully understood. Simultaneous measurements of basal intracochlear sound pressures in ...
Huang Bohr-Ran - - 2011
Gas ionization sensors based on the field emission properties of the carbon nanotube/nickel (CNT/Ni) field emitters were first developed in this work. It is found that the breakdown electric field (E(b)) slightly decreases from 2.2 V/microm to 1.9 V/microm as the pressure of H2 gas increases from 0.5 Torr to ...
Stelloh Cary C Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2012
The nephron number at birth is a quantitative trait that correlates inversely with the risk of hypertension and chronic kidney disease later in life. During kidney development, the nephron number is controlled by multiple factors including genetic, epigenetic, and environmental modifiers. Premature birth, which represents more than 12% of annual ...
Parasuraman Subramani - - 2011
We have studied the effects of cleistanthin A and cleistanthin B, phytoconstituents isolated from the leaves of Cleistanthus collinus Roxb. (Euphorbiaceae), on blood pressure, electrocardiogram, and barium chloride-induced arrhythmia in Wistar rats. The two compounds were isolated by column chromatography and their identity was confirmed spectroscopically. A healthy, male Wistar ...
Mathis Keisa W - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a risk factor for hypertension. Previously, we demonstrated that an established mouse model of SLE (female NZBWF1 mice) develops hypertension with renal inflammation and oxidative stress, both characteristics known as contributing mechanisms to the development of salt-sensitive hypertension. On the basis of this model, we ...
Cavender George A - - 2011
Dynamic or continuous high-pressure processing of fluid foods has drawn significant interest as a microbial reduction process in the past decade, and many attempts have been made to better understand the mechanisms involved in that reduction. This study was intended to provide insight into the contributions of thermal effects and ...
Beazley Shannon G - - 2011
The cardiopulmonary effects of capnoperitoneum were investigated in 8 spontaneously breathing, young adult female cats undergoing laparoscopic pancreatic biopsy (intra-abdominal pressure 12 mmHg). Cats were premedicated with acepromazine and hydromorphone, induced with ketamine and diazepam, and maintained using an end-tidal isoflurane concentration of 1.13% in 100% oxygen. Direct systemic arterial ...
Morton A J - - 2011
N-butylscopolammonium bromide (NBB) and xylazine are commonly used medications for the treatment of spasmodic colic and other forms of abdominal pain in horses. Both NBB and xylazine exert significant effects on the cardiovascular system and other vital systems of horses. To evaluate the effects of i.v. administration of NBB, xylazine, ...
Constantinides Christakis - - 2011
Isoflurane (ISO) is the most commonly used inhalational anesthetic for experimental interventions in mice and is preferred for imaging technologies that require the mouse to remain anesthetized for relatively long time periods. This study compares the stability of mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and body temperature under ISO ...
Song Weihua W National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London SW32 6LY, United - - 2011
We generated a transgenic mouse model expressing the apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-causing mutation ACTC E99K at 50% of total heart actin and compared it with actin from patients carrying the same mutation. The actin mutation caused a higher Ca(2+) sensitivity in reconstituted thin filaments measured by in vitro motility assay (2.3-fold ...
Gibney Barry C - - 2011
Thoracic surgical procedures in mice have been applied to a wide range of investigations, but little is known about the murine physiologic response to pulmonary surgery. Using continuous arterial oximetry monitoring and the FlexiVent murine ventilator, the authors investigated the effect of anesthesia and pneumonectomy on mouse oxygen saturation and ...
Fitzpatrick Patricia - - 2011
Heartwatch is a secondary prevention programme of coronary heart disease (CHD) in primary care in Ireland. The aim was to further examine the effect of the Heartwatch programme on cardiovascular risk factors and treatments of patients with a follow-up of 3.5 years. Prospective cohort study of 12,358 patients with established ...
O'Brien Eoin - - 2011
This review presents evidence that ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) should be used more widely in clinical practice and hypertension research. The technique, which should be mandatory in trials of antihypertensive drugs, is not being used in all studies of antihypertensive drug efficacy. ABPM is also being under-used in outcome ...
Akman O E - - 2011
We combine linear and nonlinear signal analysis techniques to investigate the transmission of pressure signals along a one-dimensional model of fluid flow in an elastic tube. We derive a simple, generally applicable measure for the robustness of a simulated vessel against in vivo pressure fluctuations, based on quantifying the degree ...
Zhao Xin - - 2011
The use of mice for the evaluation and study of cardiovascular pathophysiology is growing rapidly, primarily due to the relative ease for developing genetically engineered mouse models. Arterial pressure monitoring is central to the evaluation of the phenotypic changes associated with cardiovascular pathology and interventions in these transgenic and knockout ...
Tchikaya Francis Olivier - - 2011
Anacardium occidentale Linn. (Anacardiaceae) is a plant largely used in Africa for the treatment of different diseases. In Côte d'Ivoire it's commonly used for the treatment of hypertension. The present study was carried out in order to assess the effects of Anacardium occidentale extract (ANOE) on cardiovascular parameters in animal ...
Bhavanani Ananda Balayogi AB Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, The Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research, Puducherry, India. - - 2011
Hypertension is one of the most common health disorders, and yoga has been shown to be an effective adjunct therapy in its management. Earlier studies have reported blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects of slow, deep breathing after 3 weeks and 3 months of training and beneficial immediate effects of slow, deep ...
Rosenfeld Richard - - 2010
From the vantage point of criminology, one of sociology's main export subject areas, the present and future of sociology appear a good deal more promising than John Holmwood's essay on the discipline's misfortune would suggest. Sociology remains in high demand by students and faculty hiring remains strong, even in its ...
Miyoshi Toru - - 2011
Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP) has been reported to be involved in insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, and atherosclerosis; however, little is known about the effect of medication on the change in circulating A-FABP in human subjects. We evaluated the effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) on ...
Vieira Carolina L Z - - 2011
Background: This pilot study evaluates the association of severe periodontitis with pulse wave velocity (PWV), carotid artery intima-medial thickness (IMT), and clinical, metabolic, and atherogenic inflammatory markers in 79 subjects with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (hFH). All subjects were free of previous vascular disease manifestations. Methods: The body mass index (in ...
Neyestani Tirang R - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Extra fat mass is usually accompanied by metabolic as well as clinical derangements, including systemic inflammation and high blood pressure. This study aimed to evaluate the associations among anthropometric indicators, blood levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), lipid profile, blood glucose, insulin resistance, and blood pressure and determine ...
Bhan Vineet - - 2010
Obesity is associated with hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, but it is also an independent cardiovascular risk factor. We sought to evaluate the differences in treatment patterns and attainment of guideline-recommended targets among high-risk vascular outpatients in relation to their body mass index (BMI). The prospective Vascular Protection and Guideline Orientated ...
van de Bosch Joan - - 2010
Individual patients' predictors of survival may change across time, because people may change their lifestyles. Standard statistical methods do not allow adjustments for time-dependent predictors. In the past decade, time-dependent factor analysis has been introduced as a novel approach adequate for the purpose. Using examples from survival studies, we assess ...
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