Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1156
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McRae Marc P - - 2005
To identify studies measuring garlic powder tablets effects on systolic and diastolic blood pressure and to investigate if studies published prior to January 1994 would perform better than those published later. Using MEDLINE (January 1966 through December 2004) studies involving human subjects that examined the effect of garlic (Allium sativum) ...
Harrison R A - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To develop functional foods which are capable of reducing key risk factors for coronary heart disease in an at risk population. The specific hypothesis tested here was that providing bread, cracker biscuits and snack bars fortified with DHA (long-chain omega 3) and soya-protein would havd a positive ...
Yonova C - - 2004
AIM: Patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) often present a deficit of serum protein and especially of albumin, due to its loss through the peritoneum and some others factors. Serum albumin is a marker of survival, of nutritional status and is changed in inflammation in renal failure. Correction of the albumin ...
Li Jue - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of hypertension in individuals with diabetes mellitus is higher than that in individuals without diabetes mellitus. High fiber intake decreases blood glucose and lipids levels. This study investigated the effects of cereal fiber intake on systolic and diastolic blood pressures in a rat model of type 2 ...
Turner Beate - - 2004
Recent studies have cast doubt on the proposed lipid-lowering and blood pressure-lowering effects of garlic. We tested the effect of dried garlic (Allium sativum) powder on blood lipids, blood pressure and arterial stiffness in a 12-week randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Seventy-five healthy, normo-lipidaemic volunteers (men and women aged 40-60 years) ...
Sakata Toshiyuki - - 2004
This study assessed markers of vascular endothelial cell dysfunction associated with early atherosclerosis in carotid arteries. We measured the plasma levels of free-form tissue factor pathway inhibitor (free TFPI), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and von Willebrand factor (vWF) in 522 adults without cardiovascular disease enrolled in the Suita Study. For ...
Imperatore Giuseppina - - 2004
Among US adults with diabetes, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 1971-1974, 1976-1980, 1988-1994, and 1999-2000, the authors describe 30-year trends in total cholesterol, blood pressure, and smoking levels. Using Bayesian models, the authors calculated mean changes per year and 95% credible intervals for age-adjusted ...
Humeau Anne - - 2004
A significant transient increase in laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signals is observed in response to a local and progressive cutaneous pressure application in healthy subjects. This reflex may be impaired in diabetic patients. The work presents a signal processing providing the clarification of this phenomenon. Scalogram analyses of LDF signals ...
Azizi Fereidoun - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the major health and social problems in Iran. The aim of this study is to determine the predictors of CVD risk factors in adolescents residing in district 13 of Tehran. METHODS: Dietary intake assessment was undertaken with two separate 24-hour recall interviews with ...
Abdu T A M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Adult GH deficiency (GHD) is linked to endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease. We examined the effect of 12 months of GH therapy on endothelial function, C-reactive protein (CRP) and coronary risk. DESIGN: Open-design intervention study. PATIENTS: Fourteen GH-deficient patients (nonsmokers, without diabetes, hypertension or vascular disease) studied before, 6 ...
Lee Myung Suk - - 2004
This study investigated the effectiveness of Qigong on blood pressure and several blood lipids, such as high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, Apolipoprotein A1 (APO-A1), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG) in hypertensive patients. Thirty-six patients were randomly divided into either the Qigong group, or a wait-listed control group. Blood pressures decreased ...
Torchinsky Michael Y - - 2004
Although higher levels of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and blood pressure precede the development of nephropathy in Type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the relationship between glycemic control and cardiovascular factors early in the course of diabetes is not clear. We conducted a retrospective study from clinic data for a 1-year period in ...
Zacharieva S - - 2004
The aim of this study was to follow up the effect of an 8-week treatment with amlodipine given alone or in combination with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on blood pressure and active renin in postmenopausal women with mild to moderate arterial hypertension using both conventional clinical blood pressure measurements and ...
Tan Xiaodong - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study investigates the cardiovascular effects among Chinese workers who were occupationally exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2), and evaluates the protective value of the current Chinese Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC) of CS2 against cardiovascular effects. METHODS: The measurements of exposure were performed by personal sampling and gas chromatography. ...
Schutte Rudolph R School of Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2004
South Africa's black population has been in a process of transition from rural monocultural environments to industrialised urban environments since the early 1990s. This transition has led to an increased susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, which in this group commonly leads to stroke. Besides the already observed increases ...
Greenfield Jerry R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) values predict atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Associations between CRP and obesity, predominantly assessed anthropometrically, may partly explain these observations. Previous studies have been unable to control for genetic influences on CRP and obesity. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Ohshita K - - 2004
AIMS: Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease, but the impact of post-challenge hyperglycaemia on arterial stiffness is unknown. To investigate the association between arterial stiffness and post-challenge hyperglycaemia, we measured the second derivative of photoplethysmogram as an indicator of arterial stiffness. METHODS: This study was done in ...
Deepa R - - 2004
The objective of this study was to investigate the association of insulin resistance and the cluster of insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) factors with hypertension in a native urban population from southern India. The Chennai Urban Population Study (CUPS) is an epidemiological study involving two residential areas in Chennai in southern ...
Lind P Monica - - 2004
Epidemiological studies suggest that exposure to persistent organic pollutants such as organochlorines might induce cardiovascular disorders and diabetes. Some of these organochlorines, such as dioxins and some dioxin-like PCBs, have been characterised as anti-estrogenic due to their inhibition of estrogenic-induced responses. In the present pilot study, 40 female rats were ...
Iino K - - 2004
AIM: To elucidate the relationship between glycaemic control, blood pressure and body-weight change after smoking cessation in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: We examined HbA(1c), blood pressure and body weight in 15 type 2 diabetic patients before, 6 and 12 months after quitting smoking. Sixteen type 2 diabetic patients who ...
Tanigawa Takeshi - - 2004
To examine the relationship between altered cellular immune status and clustered features of the metabolic syndrome, we measured body mass index (BMI), serum concentrations of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting plasma glucose, and blood pressure levels as well as differential leukocyte counts and lymphocyte sub-populations among 439 apparently healthy Japanese men ...
Páramo J A - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thrombin, a central enzyme in the clotting cascade, plays a role not only in thrombosis but also in the progression of atherosclerosis. We studied the relationship between prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2), a specific marker of thrombin generation in vivo, and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an index of ...
Cavallo Anita - - 2004
HYPOTHESIS: Diminished decline of blood pressure at night has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Exogenous melatonin given to healthy normotensive adults reduces blood pressure. We hypothesized that melatonin increases the decline of blood pressure during sleep in normotensive adolescents with type 1 diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven ...
Gillum R F - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the distribution and to assess the association of serum total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration with variables associated with insulin resistance syndrome in adolescent boys and girls. METHODS: In the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, adolescents aged 12 to 16 years (n = 941) had parental medical ...
Westerlund Hugo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The economic crisis in Sweden in the 1990s led to major reorganization at many workplaces, which appears to have had negative consequences for occupational and public health. METHODS: Psychosocial questionnaires and medical screening data for 3,904 white-collar employees in 15 major companies plus a large number of small-scale entrepreneurs ...
Schultz C J - - 2004
AIMS: Susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy has not yet been causally linked to any genetic factors. We investigated in nuclear families whether parental ambulatory blood pressure, lipids and urine albumin excretion were early markers of risk of microalbuminuria in young adults with Type 1 diabetes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A subset of ...
Saydah Sharon H - - 2004
CONTEXT: Control of blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels is proven to reduce the risk of vascular disease among individuals with diabetes mellitus; however, the current state of control of these risk factors among individuals in the United States is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To examine 1999-2000 national data on ...
Lengyel Zoltán - - 2003
To characterise the relationship between diurnal blood pressure and the subsequent increase of urinary albumin excretion (UAE) in normotensive normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed in 53 patients, who were then followed for 5 years. Albumin excretion rate changed from 12.4 (8.9-17.2) to 29.3 ...
Nawrot Tim S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Many studies have analysed the relation between cardiovascular risk factors and oral contraceptive use in adult women, whereas information on the possible health effects of oral contraceptive use during adolescence is lacking. DESIGN: The effect of current contraceptive pill use on blood pressure and serum total cholesterol concentration was ...
Capuano Vincenzo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In this study we examine the association between body mass index and a wide range of metabolic coronary heart disease risk factors in a female population of South Italy. DESIGN: Observational study named "VIP Project" divided in three phases: collection of data, follow-up of the population and new controls ...
Frostegård Johan - - 2003
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) and autoantibodies to OxLDL (aOxLDL) are implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. The objective of this study was to determine the importance of these factors in hypertension, a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. Samples were obtained from 111 men with established hypertension (diastolic pressure >95 mmHg) ...
Emberson Jonathan R - - 2003
AIMS: To estimate the combined contribution of serum total cholesterol, blood pressure and cigarette smoking to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk after adjustment for regression dilution bias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six thousand, five hundred and thirteen middle-aged British men without CHD were followed for major CHD events over 10 years. ...
Tsai Jen-Chen - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects on blood pressure, lipid profile, and anxiety status on subjects received a 12-week Tai Chi Chuan exercise program. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study of a Tai Chi Chuan group and a group of sedentary life controls. SETTING: Taipei Medical University Hospitals and University campus in the ...
Schillaci Giuseppe - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the plasma concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP), a sensitive marker of systemic inflammation, is increased in patients with newly diagnosed, never-treated hypertension and whether blood pressure and its pulsatile component, pulse pressure, are correlated with plasma CRP concentration independently of a consistent number of cardiovascular risk ...
Koizumi Miki - - 2003
AIM: Arterial stiffness assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV) reflects early stage arteriosclerosis. The influence of hyperinsulinemia on peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is still unknown. We determined the influences of hyperinsulinemia on PVD assessed by PWV in moderately hyperglycemic patients. METHODS: Thirty-six moderately hyperglycemic, outcoming patients were recruited in this ...
Aziz Jawed - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess serum lipids in healthy young subjects in relation with their BMI. METHODS: Students of Ziauddin Medical University were assessed for anthropometric measures, blood pressure and lipid profile at the time of their admission for MBBS program. RESULTS: Out of 426 students all parameters ...
Zhou Jun-Fu - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether hypertension, abnormal lipometabolism, obesity, cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking affect the intracerebral hemorrhagic volumes (IHV) in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SIHP), and to explore the roles of these factors in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SIH). METHODS: Five hundred patients with acute SIH and 200 healthy adult ...
Krouf Djamil - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major health problem in both developed and developing countries. It is hypothesized that high blood pressure is associated with loss of balance between peroxidation and antioxidant factors. MATERIAL/METHODS: 40 patients with essential hypertension were studied to ascertain the effects of a selective b1-blocker (acebutolol, 400 mg/day) ...
Retterstol Lars - - 2003
Coronary heart disease (CHD) tends to cluster in families, and several established risk factors for the disease are to some extent inherited. Inflammation plays a key role in the development of atherosclerosis and CHD. A low-grade inflammation may be detected by highly sensitive C-Reactive Protein (CRP) determination, which is strongly ...
Sennello Kathleen A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of systemic hypertension in cats with diabetes mellitus and establish ranges for echocardiographic variables in diabetic cats. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 14 cats with diabetes mellitus and 19 healthy control cats. PROCEDURE: Systolic blood pressure was measured indirectly with a noninvasive Doppler technique. Ophthalmic and ...
Bjørnholt Jørgen V - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether fasting blood glucose is independently related to blood pressure at rest and during exercise, and to development of elevated blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective cohort study of 2014 apparently healthy middle-aged men. METHODS: The baseline survey included carefully standardized blood pressure measurements at rest and ...
Derosa Giuseppe - - 2003
When choosing an antihypertensive drug for patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM), the metabolic side effects, possibility of improving some metabolic parameters, and need for adequate blood pressure control must all be considered. The goal of this study was to compare the impacts of perindopril and candesartan on blood ...
Fujii Koji - - 2003
Increased intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery may represent early atherosclerosis. Although several studies have evaluated risk factors for carotid IMT, only limited information is available concerning risk factors for the progression of carotid IMT. The present study was designed to determine risk factors for the progression of carotid ...
Alagona C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is associated with increased risk for developing coronary artery disease. Cardiovascular disease is characterized by increased intima-media thickness (IMT) and arterial stiffness, but the effect of low HDL on these measurements has not been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 18 apparently healthy subjects ...
Malhotra P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lipid abnormalities are common in patients with hypertension. The prevalence of isolated lipid abnormalities is not known in normotensive and hypertensive population of north-west India. METHODS: We studied the prevalence of isolated low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (IL-HDLC), isolated high low density lipoprotein cholesterol (IH-LDLC) and isolated high triglycerides ...
Kim Jong Il - - 2003
We examined cellular membrane fatty acid composition and insulin sensitivity in patients with mild essential hypertension and hyperlipidemia, and investigated whether bezafibrate, a lipid-lowering drug, could improve elevated blood pressure and insulin sensitivity in these subjects by ameliorating cellular membrane fatty acid composition. Twenty-seven subjects were recruited. Twelve men with ...
Reed Terry - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Genetic studies of life span in humans have used broad survival measures, most commonly longevity, which is moderately correlated between parents and offspring. We examined whether genetic cardiovascular disease risk factors in male twin offspring are related to longevity of their parents in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood ...
Saito Mayumi - - 2003
Variations of circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are supposed to reflect chronic inflammatory process of the cardiovascular system. In particular, it has been reported that high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) is a promising marker of coronary heart disease. In the present study, we assessed the relationship between hsCRP and classic cardiovascular risk ...
Nakamura Udai - - 2003
At present, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) can be measured easily and noninvasively. We studied the correlation between aortic damage estimated by baPWV and that determined by measuring the length of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) on X-ray films, which parameter has been significantly associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. baPWV ...
Raji Annaswamy - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of rosiglitazone on insulin resistance and blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension, classified based on abnormalities of their renin-angiotensin system. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 24 hypertensive nondiabetic patients (age 58 +/- 6 years, BMI 30 +/- 5 kg/m2) were studied before ...
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