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Results 301 - 350 of 2227
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Han Yun-Feng - - 2011
Organic anion transporter (OAT) 1 and OAT3, encoded by a tightly linked gene pair, play a key role in renal secretion of diuretics. However, no study has yet examined the influence of OAT1 and OAT3 polymorphisms on high blood pressure (BP) and the response to thiazide diuretics. We hypothesized that ...
Huang Jie - - 2011
Hypertension (HTN) is a major cause of death in Chinese farmers. Remoteness from population centers may independently affect HTN prevalence and severity. We used random cluster sampling to select 27 villages in Yunnan province, China. Within each village, we randomly selected 50-80 men and women between the ages of 50 ...
Rouhani H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use plantar pressure analysis in relatively long-distance walking for objective outcome evaluation of ankle osteoarthritis treatments, i.e., ankle arthrodesis and total ankle replacement. METHODS: Forty-seven subjects in four groups: three patient groups and controls, participated in the study. Each subject walked twice in 50-m trials. ...
Mortimer J - - 2011
To determine the effect of isometric handgrip training on blood pressure (BP) in middle-aged women (47.88 ± 1.8 years). Isometric handgrip training was performed over five consecutive days. In each session, the treatment group (n = 9) performed four isometric contractions of 45 seconds each at 30% of their maximal ...
Ried Karin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is associated with oxidative stress, inflammatory processes, and vascular dysfunction. Lycopene, a carotenoid found in tomatoes, is an antioxidant with a protective effect on lipid peroxidation and anti-atherosclerotic capacity. This review summarises current evidence on the effect of lycopene on serum lipid concentrations and blood pressure. METHODS: ...
Waib Paulo H - - 2011
To verify whether there are relationships between vascular and hormonal responses to aerobic training in hypertensive persons, sedentary hypertensive patients were randomized to an aerobic training or a callisthenic exercise group. The patients' 24-hour blood pressure, arterial compliance, forearm blood flow, and hormonal profile were evaluated at baseline and after ...
Yamashita Takeshi - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia frequently associated with hypertension. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that lowering blood pressure by angiotensin II-receptor blockers (ARB) has more beneficial effects than by conventional calcium channel blockers (CCB) on the frequency of paroxysmal AF with hypertension. The Japanese Rhythm ...
Oteh Maskon - - 2010
The prevalence of hypertension in Malaysia is alarmingly high. The National Survey in 2006 showed 43% of people aged 30 had hypertension and among treated patients, only 26% reached the target blood pressure (BP) of <140/90 mm Hg. We evaluated BP control in tertiary institutions in Malaysia and the difference in hypertension ...
Simino Jeannette J Division of Biostatistics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2011
A preliminary genome-wide linkage analysis of blood pressure in the Family Blood Pressure Program (FBPP) was reported previously. We harnessed the power and ethnic diversity of the final pooled FBPP dataset to identify novel loci for blood pressure thereby enhancing localization of genes containing less common variants with large effects ...
Katona Eva - - 2011
Abstract Background. The aim of this study was to obtain epidemiological data and to determine the prevalence of adolescent hypertension implementing a blood pressure (BP) screening. Methods. We performed a cross-sectional, population-based survey in a major Hungarian city (Debrecen, population 230,000). After a 10-min resting period, three consecutive BP measurements ...
Krasińska Beata - - 2011
Abstract Introduction. The aim of this study was to assess blood flow in the vessels of the eyeball and changes in the optic nerve in patients with arterial hypertension and primary open-angle glaucoma. Material and Methods. The patients were divided into groups: 1 (night blood pressure, BP, fall, NBPF, not ...
Bouri S S Imperial Vascular Unit, Imperial College, London, - - 2011
Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a preventable cause of stroke after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). It manifests as headache, seizures, hemiparesis or coma due to raised intracranial pressure or intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). There is currently no consensus on whether to control blood pressure, blood pressure thresholds associated with cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome, choice ...
Rzeznik Daniel - - 2011
The study aimed to determine the potential interrelations between left ventricle mass (LVM), LV diastolic function, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and cardiovascular events in patients undergoing renal artery stenting [corrected] (RAS). Prior to RAS, 3 and 12 months afterward, the change in LVM, left ventricular ...
Kawano Yuhei - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) varies according to many internal and external factors, and behavioral factors have an important role in diurnal BP variation. BP rises sharply on waking in the morning and falls during sleep at night, although it varies throughout the day and night. These changes in BP are closely ...
Yamamoto Kazuhiro - - 2011
This study was a prospective, randomized, open, blinded endpoint study to assess the effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, losartan, compared with calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and atherosclerosis of the carotid artery in Japanese patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension, LV hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction ...
Satoh Hiroki - - 2011
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are closely associated with hypertension, however, predictors of incident hypertension have not been fully established. We have conducted a study aimed at evaluating whether brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a predictor of incident hypertension. The relation between baPWV, a noninvasive index of aortic stiffness, and ...
Dickey E J - - 2010
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is used in human medicine in the management of vasodilatory shock and cardiac arrest, but it is not widely used in equine neonatal intensive care because of concerns about potential side effects and suboptimal efficacy. This retrospective study reports the clinical use of AVP and norepinephrine (NE) ...
Santander C - - 2010
To evaluate the use of anorectal manometry to select patients for controlled anal dilatation. A prospective study was performed using anorectal manometry on all patients with chronic anal fissure who did not have a good response to conservative treatment. Those with increased anal resting pressure were treated with controlled anal ...
Ciriza-de-Los-Ríos C - - 2010
There exists a great variability in the manometric findings between patients with anal incontinence (AI) and healthy subjects. The correlation between the pressures of the anal canal and the AI is not exact by the wide rank of normal values. Prospective study to evaluate differences in the pressures of the ...
Chen Min - - 2010
Objective To investigate the relation between brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) rs198388 polymorphism and the susceptibility of essential hypertension in Han population of Hunan. Methods A total of 567 patients with hypertension (the hypertension group) and 555 healthy volunteers (the control group) were enrolled. Gender, age, smoking and drinking history of ...
Tiwana Simrandeep - - 2010
Background/Aims: Home blood pressure monitoring has been advocated as a method for improving blood pressure (BP) control. However, there is little data on patients' adherence to home BP monitoring. The purpose was to study patient adherence to home BP monitoring and telephone visits with a healthcare provider in a randomized ...
Sahana G N - - 2010
To study the effect of nebivolol 5 mg once daily versus (S)-atenolol 25 mg once daily in patients with essential hypertension. A prospective study was conducted at RLJH and Research Centre which included 30 patients in each group with essential hypertension. The sex, age, presenting illness, and family history of ...
Glynn Liam G - - 2010
Patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) in the community frequently fail to meet treatment goals: a condition labelled as 'uncontrolled' hypertension. The optimal way to organise and deliver care to hypertensive patients has not been clearly identified. To determine the effectiveness of interventions to improve control of blood pressure in ...
Tanaka Yoshifumi Y Faculty of Economics, Tezukayama University, - - 2010
We investigated changes in movement kinematics and attentional focus when expert and novice golfers performed a golf-putting task under pressure. Six male professional golfers and five male novice golfers performed 100 acquisition trials, followed by 10 trials in the pressure condition with a performance-contingent cash reward and small audience. After ...
Martínez-Valverde Silvia - - 2010
Background and objectives  In Mexico, hypertension is among the top five causes for visits to primary care clinics; its complications are among the main causes of emergency and hospital care. The present study reports the effectiveness of a continuing medical education (CME) intervention to improve appropriate care for hypertension, on ...
Sinha Manish D - - 2011
Heart disease is a major cause of death in young adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is common and is associated with hypertension. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether there is a relationship between LVH and BP in children with CKD and whether ...
Derosa Giuseppe - - 2011
We planned a randomized, double blind clinical trial to evaluate whether an antihypertensive intervention at the proximal or distal level of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system could have different effects on a broad range of innovative cardiovascular risk biomarkers. A total of 288 hypertensive Caucasian patients (115 men and 113 women), aged ...
Reboldi Gianpaolo - - 2011
Aliskiren, a drug which inhibits the initial and rate-limiting step of the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS), recently approved for the treatment of hypertension, may become a reasonable therapeutic choice in a broad number of clinical conditions sharing an increased cardiovascular risk, where the inhibition of the RAAS has been ...
- - 2010
Activation of renal sympathetic nerves is key to pathogenesis of essential hypertension. We aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of catheter-based renal denervation for reduction of blood pressure in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. In this multicentre, prospective, randomised trial, patients who had a baseline systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg ...
Fabry Isabelle - - 2011
The importance of tocolysis has been discussed extensively. Beta-2 adrenoceptor agonistic drugs like ritodrine have been the reference tocolytic drugs in most countries. Cardiovascular side-effects are frequent. Atosiban, a newer tocolytic drug, is a competitive antagonist of oxytocin and has fewer cardiovascular side effects. Although large studies exist, there is ...
Udani Suneel - - 2011
The prevalence of hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) attributable to hypertension continues to rise worldwide. Identifying the precise prevalence of CKD attributable to hypertension is difficult owing to the absence of uniform criteria to establish a diagnosis of hypertensive nephropathy. Despite the increasing prevalence of ...
Wen Xiaozhong - - 2011
We tested hypotheses that disproportionately large placental size and vascular lesions were associated with high systolic blood pressure (SBP); and these associations might be more evident with age. The sample included 13 273 of 40 666 full-term singletons in the Collaborative Perinatal Project. Placentas were examined by pathologists blinded of ...
Takasu Akira - - 2011
To examine whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is affected by arterial oxygen content (CaO(2)) in attempted resuscitation to restore blood pressure from hemorrhagic shock (HS) or not. Under light anesthesia and spontaneous beating, 16 rats underwent HS for 80min, during which 3.0mL/100g of blood was withdrawn, followed by resuscitation ...
Reisner A T - - 2011
Multiple methods for non-invasive measurement of cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV) exist. Their comparative capabilities are not clearly established. Healthy human subjects (n=21) underwent central hypovolaemia through progressive lower body negative pressure (LBNP) until the onset of presyncope, followed by termination of LBNP, to simulate complete resuscitation. Measurement ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2010
Evaluation of: Chen L, Caballero B, Mitchell DC et al.: Reducing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with reduced blood pressure. A prospective study among United States adults. Circulation 121, 2398-2406 (2010). Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been associated with the development and maintenance of obesity, as well as the ...
McMahon C Geraldine - - 2010
Shock index (SI) is recognized to be a more reliable early indicator of hemorrhage than traditional vital signs. Acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be associated with autonomic uncoupling and may therefore alter the reliability of SI in patients with combined TBI and peripheral hemorrhage. The aim of this study ...
Heshka Jodi - - 2010
Spironolactone is effective at treating difficult to control hypertension in the general population, and it is unknown if it is safe or effective for those with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and difficult-to-control hypertension. In a retrospective cohort design, 88 patients with difficult-to-control hypertension study were assessed for blood pressure (BP) ...
Borah P K - - 2010
People living in the hills are continuously exposed to strenuous physical activity for their day-to-day work. Besides hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy in different populations may be related to continuous physical activity. Electrocardiogram, blood pressure and sociodemographic information of 12 252 subjects > or = 30 years of age from three ...
Singh Shivinder - - 2010
We compared the effects of clonidine added to bupivacaine with bupivacaine alone on supraclavicular brachial plexus block and observed the side-effects of both the groups. In this prospective, randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial, two groups of 25 patients each were investigated using (i) 40 ml of bupivacaine 0.25% plus 0.150 mg ...
Gupta Rajeev - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP) is a major public health problem in India and its prevalence is rapidly increasing among urban and rural populations. Reducing systolic and diastolic BP can decrease cardiovascular risk and this can be achieved by non-pharmacological (lifestyle measures) as well as pharmacological means. Lifestyle changes should be ...
Morrison Katherine E KE West Chester University, Sports Medicine, 313 Sturzebecker Building, West Chester University, West Chester, PA 19382, USA. - - 2010
It has been suggested that dynamic foot and ankle mechanics predispose individuals with CAI to repetitive episodes of the ankle ``giving way.'' Plantar pressure variations during a walking gait have been detected in those with CAI, but more dynamic conditions for analysis are needed. The purpose of this study was ...
Suo Xiao-Yan - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of electroacupuncturing (EA) zusanli points on levels of basic hemodynamics, lactate, and cytokines in dogs with hemorrhagic shock. Thirty healthy dogs were randomly divided into 5 groups: sham hemorrhagic shocked group, hemorrhagic shocked group, EA group, nonacupuncturing group, and EA ...
Black Henry R - - 2010
Patients with stage 2 hypertension (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥160mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥100mm Hg) are at high cardiovascular risk and require intensive blood pressure (BP)-lowering therapy. This randomized double-blind study is the first prospective trial specifically designed to evaluate the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren in patients ...
Takala Jukka - - 2010
To review blood pressure targets and their implementation in sepsis. Review of the hemodynamic intervention trials in sepsis. Explicit blood pressure targets have been recommended for septic patients. The Surviving Sepsis Guidelines recommend vasopressors to achieve and maintain a mean arterial blood pressure of at least 65 mm Hg in ...
de Queiroz Veruska Moreira - - 2010
Arterial hypertension (AH) belongs to the group of cardiovascular diseases with the highest mortality in the world and its onset can occur in childhood. To evaluate the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) in schoolchildren from public schools and its association with anthropometric indicators. The present was a cross-sectional study, ...
Gryth Dan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Injured lungs are sensitive to fluid resuscitation after trauma. Such treatment can increase lung water content and lead to desaturation. Hypertonic saline with dextran (HSD) has hyperosmotic properties that promote plasma volume expansion, thus potentially reducing these side effects. The aim of this study was to (1) evaluate whether ...
Rehberg Sebastian - - 2010
To compare the effects of a first-line therapy of combined arginine vasopressin, levosimendan, and norepinephrine with arginine vasopressin + norepinephrine or norepinephrine alone in ovine septic shock. Prospective, randomized, controlled laboratory experiment. University animal research facility. Twenty-one chronically instrumented sheep. After the onset of fecal peritonitis-induced septic shock (mean arterial ...
Mader Timothy J - - 2010
Cardiocerebral resuscitation (CCR) is reportedly superior to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) even though active ventilation is not initially provided. Understandably, concerns have been raised regarding the withholding of positive pressure ventilation (PPV) during CCR because of the longstanding belief that respiratory gas exchange is a critical ...
Wang Shuo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Rescue ventilations during bystander resuscitation, although previously considered essential, interrupt the continuity of chest compressions and might have deleterious effects in basic life support. This study was undertaken to analyze the global ventilation/perfusion values of continuous compressions and 30:2 cardiopulmonary resuscitation to determine the effectiveness for each approach in ...
Engebretsen Kristin M - - 2010
Vasopressors are commonly used for calcium channel blocker (CCB)-induced cardiogenic shock after calcium and high-dose insulin (HDI). Vasopressor therapy is frequently used in combination with HDI to increase blood pressure and improve outcome. However, no studies have compared the efficacy of HDI to the combination of a vasopressor and HDI ...
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