Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2224
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Huang Jinping - - 2011
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of hypertension in the Chinese She ethnic minority in Fujian province of China. After analyzing relevant risk factors of hypertension, we wanted to provide information for prevention and control of hypertension in this ethnic minority. Methods: ...
Morita Emi - - 2011
To study the non-temporary effects of successive walks in forested areas (shinrin-yoku) on hypertension prevalence and blood pressure levels. Data for the analysis were derived from the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) study in the Shizuoka area. Eligible participants were individuals aged 35-69 years who attended ...
Vanderwee Katrien - - 2011
Introduction The development of a pressure ulcer is an adverse event and is often avoidable if adequate preventive measures are applied. No large-scale data, based on direct patient observations, are available regarding the pressure ulcer preventive interventions used in hospitals. Purpose The aim of this study was to obtain insight ...
Bagnoli P - - 2011
The functional anatomy of the respiratory system of dolphins has been scarcely studied. Specifically, the capacity of the system to resist pressure changes during diving has not been fully understood. Here we shortly describe the upper respiratory tract of dolphins based on three common species, the bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus, ...
Rehberg Sebastian - - 2011
The vasopressor effect of arginine vasopressin, a mixed V1a/V2 receptor (V1aR/V2R) agonist, is mediated through the V1aR. Because V2R stimulation may aggravate sepsis-induced vasodilation, fluid accumulation, and microvascular thrombosis, a higher V1aR vs. V2R selectivity might be advantageous. The objective of this study was to elucidate the effects of a ...
Naue Wagner da Silva Wda - - 2011
What is the effect of increasing pressure support during the application of manual chest wall compression with vibrations for secretion clearance in intubated patients in intensive care? A randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding and intention-to-treat analysis. 66 patients receiving mechanical ventilation for greater than 48 hours. All participants ...
Murad Ali - - 2011
a prospective study of lumbar CSF drainage in the setting of raised intra-cranial pressure refractory to medical management and ventriculostomy placement is presented. There has been increasing data that this may be a effective and safe intervention for reduction of ICP. an IRB approved prospective study was conducted. Six patients ...
Gresova S - - 2011
1) To analyze heart rate variability (HRV) changes, reflecting the sympathovagal balance with secondary hypertension caused by sleep disordered breathing (SDB), compared to healthy controls and essential hypertension without SDB; 2) to compare HRV changes between various degrees of SDB severity; and 3) to test the modification of HRV indices ...
Sprigle Stephen - - 2011
The formation and underlying causes of pressure ulcers (PUs) are quite complex, with multiple influencing factors. However, by definition pressure ulcers cannot form without loading, or pressure, on tissue. Clinical interventions typically target the magnitude and/or duration of loading. Pressure magnitude is managed by the selection of support surfaces and ...
Lancioni Giulio E - - 2011
Objective: Extending the use of microswitch-based programmes to (a) establish mouth-drying responses and reduce the effects of drooling, (b) assess the possibility of widening inter-response intervals and (c) determine whether different microswitch solutions would impact the accuracy/effectiveness of mouth drying. Method: During the intervention phases of the study, the participant ...
Onwubere B J C - - 2011
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the main causes of death in industrialized countries, and are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in Nigerians, and the risk of CVD associated with hypertension is independent of other risk factors. Despite the high level ...
Adamson Philip B - - 2011
Decompensated heart failure (HF) is associated with unacceptable morbidity and mortality risks. Recent implantable technology advancements allow frequent filling pressure monitoring and provide insight into HF pathophysiology and a new tool for HF management. The CHAMPION trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, single-blind clinical trial testing the hypothesis that HF ...
Hietanen Heikki J - - 2011
Background and Objective. We examined the association of elevated ankle blood pressure (ABP), together with exercise blood pressure, with incident cerebrovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in a prospective follow-up study of 3,808 patients. The results were compared with pulse pressure, another indicator of arterial stiffness. Methods. Patients with normal ankle ...
Broulik P D - - 2011
Background. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is one of the most common endocrine conditions and is accompanied by hypertension and increased cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of parathyroidectomy on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients with PHPT and whether hypertension occurs more ...
Ariff F - - 2011
Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between hypertensive patients and their coping style and associated lifestyle factors. Methods: A total of 502 participants attending nine outpatient clinics completed the validated Bahasa Malaysia version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations and sociodemographic questionnaires. The height, ...
De Nicola Luca - - 2011
Background/Aims: In chronic kidney disease (CKD), no data on resistant hypertension (RH) are so far available despite the high prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension. We evaluated frequency, correlates and prognosis of RH in 300 consecutive incident hypertensive CKD patients in an academic renal clinic. Methods: RH was defined as office blood ...
Hirai Yuji - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) is a strong determinant of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The strength of this association in 2 Japanese communities with different intakes of fish was investigated. The analysis was carried out in the Japanese cohorts of the Seven Countries Study (Tanushimaru and Ushibuka), which were followed for 40 years. ...
- - 2011
Abstract.  Objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the respiratory, hemodynamic, and clinical effects of switching between β(1) -selective and nonselective β-blockers in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Background. Carvedilol, metoprolol succinate, and bisoprolol are established β-blockers for treating CHF. Whether ...
Abolfotouh Mostafa A - - 2011
Aim. To investigate the relationship between high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in Egyptian adolescents. Methods. A cross-sectional study of 1500 adolescents (11-19 years) in Alexandria, Egypt, was conducted. Resting BP was measured and measurements were categorized using the 2004 fourth report on blood pressure screening recommendations. Additional measures included ...
Rodriguez Daniel - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare post-exercise hypotension after acute sessions of water-walking and land-walking in healthy trained and untrained women. Twenty-three untrained (n = 12) and trained (n = 11) normotensive women performed two walking sessions in water and on land at 40% of peak VO(2) for ...
Munger Mark A - - 2011
To differentiate angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) by vascular effects and outcomes in trials on cardio-protective endpoints. MEDLINE searches were conducted from January 2003 to March 2009 using the following search terms: renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade or inhibition; angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARBs); cardio-protection; vascular protection; end-organ protection; candesartan; eprosartan, ...
Ishikawa Makoto - - 2011
To describe risk factors associated with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in Japanese subjects who participated in community health screenings. Residents of Akita, Japan, participating in a community health checkup were selected to undergo a comprehensive ophthalmic examination. Glaucoma was diagnosed based on optic disk appearance, perimetric results, and other ocular ...
McInnes Elizabeth - - 2011
Pressure ulcers (i.e. bedsores, pressure sores, decubitus ulcers) are areas of localised damage to the skin and underlying tissue. They are common in the elderly and immobile, and costly in financial and human terms. Pressure-relieving support surfaces (i.e. beds, mattresses, seat cushions etc) are used to help prevent ulcer development. This ...
Zhang Yu - - 2011
Anaerobic oxidation of methane coupled to sulphate reduction (SR-AOM) prevents more than 90% of the oceanic methane emission to the atmosphere. In a previous study, we demonstrated that the high methane pressure (1, 4.5, and 8 MPa) stimulated in vitro SR-AOM activity. However, the information on the effect of high-pressure ...
Guerra Federico - - 2011
Overweight (Ow) and obesity (Ob) influence blood pressure (BP) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). It is unclear whether the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) independently affects echocardiographic parameters in hypertension. 380 Ow/Ob essential hypertensive patients (age ≤ 65 years) presenting for referred BP control-related problems. MetS was defined according to ...
Abraham Ivo - - 2011
The pharmacological efficacy of various monotherapy, single pill, and combination therapies of the angiotensin II receptor blocker valsartan have been established, mainly through randomized controlled trials that used similar methodological and statistical platforms and thus enabled synthesis of evidence. The real world effectiveness of valsartan has been studied extensively, but ...
Gale Nichola S - - 2011
Patients with COPD have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Whilst pulmonary rehabilitation has proven benefit for exercise tolerance and quality of life, any effect on cardiovascular risk has not been fully investigated. We hypothesised that pulmonary rehabilitation, through the exercise and nutritional intervention, would address these factors. Thirty-two stable ...
Fuchs Flávio D - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) within pre-hypertensive levels confers higher cardiovascular risk and is an intermediate stage for full hypertension, which develops in an annual rate of 7 out of 100 individuals with 40 to 50 years of age. Non-drug interventions to prevent hypertension have had low effectiveness. In individuals with previous ...
Sundström Johan - - 2011
To investigate the nature and magnitude of relations of systolic and diastolic blood pressures in late adolescence to mortality. Nationwide cohort study. General community in Sweden. Swedish men (n = 1,207,141) who had military conscription examinations between 1969 and 1995 at a mean age of 18.4 years, followed up for ...
Baghianimoghadam M - - 2011
Hypertension is a chronic disease, which represents one of the most common public health problems in the world and afflicts about 28% of the North Americans, 44% of the Europeans and 26% of the East Mediterranean people aged 35 to 64 years. In Iran, about 11.5% of the people who ...
Kreutz R - - 2011
Combination therapy is an effective strategy to increase antihypertensive efficacy in those patients with poor blood pressure (BP) control. In order to achieve BP targets, at least 75% of patients may require combination therapy, and European guidelines advocate this approach, particularly in those patients with a high cardiovascular risk. Evidence ...
Ende Anke - - 2011
Hemoclip application in GI-hemorrhage has proven to be effective. Clinical experience shows that multiple clips are frequently necessary. In 2005, an easily reloadable clip-applicator was introduced. We evaluated the hemodynamic efficacy of this new device. We prospectively compared the new clipping device (Olympus HX 110/610) in a validated experimental setting ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2011
The reference standard for diagnosing hypertension among hemodialysis patients is 44-hour interdialytic ambulatory blood pressure (BP) recording. However, a more practical way to diagnose and manage hypertension is to measure home BP over the interdialytic interval. In contrast to pre- and postdialysis BP recordings, measurements of BP performed outside the ...
Reneer Dexter V - - 2011
Blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury (bTBI) has become increasingly common in recent military conflicts. The mechanisms by which non-impact blast exposure results in bTBI are incompletely understood. Current small animal bTBI models predominantly utilize compressed air-driven membrane rupture as their blast wave source, while large animal models use chemical explosives. ...
Linefsky Jason - - 2011
Hypertension has been identified as a risk factor for aortic valve calcium (AVC) but the magnitude of the risk relation with hypertension severity or whether age affects the strength of this risk association has not been studied. The relation of hypertension severity, as defined by Joint National Committee 7 (JNC-7) ...
Staessen Jan A - - 2011
The Ouabain and Adducin for Specific Intervention on Sodium in Hypertension (OASIS-HT) Trial was a phase-2 dose-finding study of rostafuroxin, a digitoxygenin derivative, which selectively antagonizes the effects of endogenous ouabain (EO) on Na+,K+-ATPase and mutated adducin. Rostafuroxin lowered blood pressure (BP) in some animal models and in humans. OASIS-HT ...
Shehab Abdullah - - 2011
White coat hypertension (WCHT) is a significant clinical condition with haemodynamic differences and presence of functional changes. We aim to compare cognitive and autonomic dysfunction variables (heart rate variability) between subjects with normal blood pressure (controls), WCHT, and borderline hypertension (BLH). We performed a cross-sectional study in a cohort of ...
Tocci Giuliano - - 2011
Prevalence of hypertension in children and adolescents has progressively and continuously increased over recent decades. Thus, early and effective control of high blood pressure may be considered an effective therapeutic approach, in order to reduce the burden of hypertension-related cardiovascular disease in future. In the past, due to the absence ...
Fuchs Flávio D - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Brazil, and hypertension is its major risk factor. The benefit of its drug treatment to prevent major cardiovascular events was consistently demonstrated. Angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARB) have been the preferential drugs in the management of hypertension worldwide, despite the absence of any ...
Lawlor Debbie A DA MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. - - 2011
To compare survival and incident cardiovascular disease between normotensive, untreated hypertensive, treated and poorly-controlled hypertensive and treated and well-controlled hypertensive adults. Data from the British Regional Heart Study (men) and British Women's Heart and Health Study (women) were used (Nā€Š=ā€Š6476). Blood pressure and treatment were assessed at baseline (1998-2001) when ...
Bakker Jessie P - - 2010
ABSTRACTBackground Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-line therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but patient compliance is a major barrier to long-term effectiveness. Flexible pressure delivery of PAP reduces pressure during early exhalation with the aim of improving comfort and therefore compliance, leading to subsequent symptoms improvement. However, ...
Bursztyn Michael - - 2010
To the Editor: Appel and coworkers of the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) Collaborative Research Group (Sept. 2 issue)(1) report that in black patients with hypertensive renal disease, intensive blood-pressure control did not reduce the incidence of renal outcomes (worsening kidney function, end-stage renal disease [ESRD], or ...
Freedman Barry I - - 2010
To the Editor: Appel and coworkers of the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) Collaborative Research Group (Sept. 2 issue)(1) report that in black patients with hypertensive renal disease, intensive blood-pressure control did not reduce the incidence of renal outcomes (worsening kidney function, end-stage renal disease [ESRD], or ...
Luan Fu L - - 2010
To the Editor: Appel and coworkers of the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) Collaborative Research Group (Sept. 2 issue)(1) report that in black patients with hypertensive renal disease, intensive blood-pressure control did not reduce the incidence of renal outcomes (worsening kidney function, end-stage renal disease [ESRD], or ...
- - 2010
To the Editor: Appel and coworkers of the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) Collaborative Research Group (Sept. 2 issue)(1) report that in black patients with hypertensive renal disease, intensive blood-pressure control did not reduce the incidence of renal outcomes (worsening kidney function, end-stage renal disease [ESRD], or ...
Ather Sameer - - 2011
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) increases cardiac performance in patients with heart failure, but its effect on arterial pressure is not well established. To determine the effect of CRT on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) a systematic review using standard nomenclatures for CRT was ...
Matsui Yoshio - - 2010
BackgroundWe aimed to test the hypothesis that the angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)/diuretic combination decreases the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) to a greater extent than treatment with the ARB/calcium-channel blocker (CCB) combination through a mechanism related to a greater reduction of sleep blood pressure (BP).MethodsWe conducted a prospective, randomized, open-label, ...
Han Yun-Feng - - 2011
Organic anion transporter (OAT) 1 and OAT3, encoded by a tightly linked gene pair, play a key role in renal secretion of diuretics. However, no study has yet examined the influence of OAT1 and OAT3 polymorphisms on high blood pressure (BP) and the response to thiazide diuretics. We hypothesized that ...
Huang Jie - - 2011
Hypertension (HTN) is a major cause of death in Chinese farmers. Remoteness from population centers may independently affect HTN prevalence and severity. We used random cluster sampling to select 27 villages in Yunnan province, China. Within each village, we randomly selected 50-80 men and women between the ages of 50 ...
Rouhani H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use plantar pressure analysis in relatively long-distance walking for objective outcome evaluation of ankle osteoarthritis treatments, i.e., ankle arthrodesis and total ankle replacement. METHODS: Forty-seven subjects in four groups: three patient groups and controls, participated in the study. Each subject walked twice in 50-m trials. ...
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