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Godet-Mardirossian Hélène - - 2011
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to describe the hypertensive population and therapeutic management of hypertension in subjects between 18 and 74 years of age in continental France in 2006. Methods: ENNS was a cross-sectional survey conducted in continental France in 2006-2007. Blood pressure (BP) was measured in a ...
Barron L - - 2011
Millions of macrodiamonds were mined from Cenozoic placers across Eastern Australia, 98% from within the Copeton and Bingara area (85km across) in the Phanerozoic New England region of New South Wales (NSW). Raman spectroscopy of inclusions in uncut diamond, from the Copeton and Bingara parcels, identifies them as ultrahigh pressure ...
Agena Fabiana - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is highly prevalent among kidney transplantation recipients and considered as an important cardiovascular risk factor influencing patient survival and kidney graft survival. Aim. Compare the blood pressure (BP) control in kidney transplant patients through the use of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) is more comparable with the results ...
Hauer Eva-Maria - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To study the safety and the effects of early continuous hypertonic saline infusion in patients with cerebral edema and underlying cerebrovascular disease. DESIGN:: Retrospective analysis. SETTING:: University medical center. PATIENTS:: Neurologic intensive care unit population with mixed cerebrovascular diseases. INTERVENTIONS:: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:: Between May 2008 and ...
Nawaz Syed Kashif - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: : This study investigates the effect of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphisms on the association between noise and hypertension. Subjects and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted involving 385 male volunteers. In the control group 156 participants were exposed to a sound level of ≤80 dB; in the ...
Riesen S C - - 2011
Background: Ivabradine is a novel negative chronotropic drug used for treatment of ischemic heart disease in people. Little is known about its effects and safety in cats. Hypothesis/Objectives: Ivabradine is not inferior to atenolol with regard to clinical tolerance, heart rate (HR) reduction, and effects on cardiac function in healthy, ...
Shimbo Daichi - - 2011
Increased left ventricular (LV) mass and changes in LV geometry may precede hypertension onset. The authors examined the associations of LV mass and geometry, assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, with hypertension incidence in 2,567 normotensive participants enrolled in 2000-2002 in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, an ethnically diverse, population-based, ...
Zhenfeng Zheng - - 2011
Candesartan is a relatively novel antihypertensive agent of the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). Several clinical trials have compared candesartan with losartan in the management of essential hypertension. However, systematic assessment of efficacy and safety between candesartan and losartan is still lacking. We reviewed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing candesartan with ...
Šarenac Olivera - - 2011
This study investigates blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) short-term variability and spontaneous baroreflex functioning in adult borderline hypertensive rats and normotensive control animals kept on normal-salt diet. Arterial pulse pressure was recorded by radio telemetry. Systolic BP, diastolic BP and HR variabilities and baroreflex were assessed by spectral ...
Hamano Tsuyoshi - - 2011
BackgroundIn recent years, few studies have quantified the effect of residential context on blood pressure. Although these studies have emphasized the importance of socioeconomic influences such as education or poverty levels, the association between the features of social structure such as social capital and blood pressure remain unclear. Therefore, we ...
Lee Jason - - 2011
BackgroundThis study focuses on the relationship between β(1)-adrenergic receptor (ADRB1) polymorphisms and blood pressure response to the β-blocker metoprolol among African Americans with early hypertensive nephrosclerosis.MethodsParticipants from the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) trial were genotyped for ADRB1 polymorphisms: Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly. Cox proportional hazards models were ...
Martínez-Llorens Juana - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The strength of inspiratory muscles is assessed thorough the determination of the static mouth pressure (MIP). However, since this manoeuvre has some problems, alternative techniques have been developed in the last few years. One of the most promising is determination of sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP). AIM: To evaluate ...
Fedorowski Artur - - 2011
AIMS: To study the prospective relationship of blood pressure response during orthostatic challenge with incidence of heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: In a Swedish prospective cohort study (the Malmö Preventive Project), we followed up 32 669 individuals (68.2% men; mean age, 46 years) over a period of 24 years. ...
Houston Mark C - - 2011
Dietary potassium intake has been demonstrated to significantly lower blood pressure (BP) in a dose-responsive manner in both hypertensive and nonhypertensive patients in observational studies, clinical trials, and several meta-analyses. In hypertensive patients, the linear dose-response relationship is a 1.0 mm Hg reduction in systolic BP and a 0.52 mm Hg reduction ...
Upadhyay Ashish - - 2011
The optimal blood pressure target in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. To summarize trials comparing lower versus higher blood pressure targets in adult patients with CKD and focus on proteinuria as an effect modifier. MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (July 2001 through January ...
Huang Chih-Cheng - - 2011
The authors applied independent component analysis to oscillations of heart rate and blood pressure and obtained a new index of sympathovagal balance. The performance of this index was tested in patients with carotid artery stenting and in the EuroBavar data set according to the following criteria: (1) the index should ...
Bulpitt C J - - 2011
To report blood pressure control in the Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial, a placebo-controlled trial of hypertensive (systolic blood pressure (SBP) 160-199 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) <110 mm Hg) participants over the age of 80 years, given treatment in three steps: indapamide slow release 1.5 mg alone, indapamide plus 2 mg perindopril and ...
Hedayati S Susan - - 2011
Hypertension affects 29% of US adults and is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Epidemiological data support contribution of several dietary and other lifestyle-related factors to the development of high blood pressure (BP). Several clinical trials investigated the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions and lifestyle modifications to reduce ...
Okeahialam Basil - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the situation is worse in Blacks. Treatment has proved to be beneficial, but control has remained abysmal. Night-time chronotherapy is producing better control and outcome, but has only largely been tried in the West. This work attempts to see ...
Ishida Yu - - 2011
A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of ingesting an excess of tablets containing casein hydrolysate, incorporating angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides such as Val-Pro-Pro (VPP) and Ile-Pro-Pro (IPP), in subjects with blood pressure ranging from normal to mild hypertension. A total of 48 ...
Molmen-Hansen Harald Edvard - - 2011
Aims: Exercise is recommended as prevention, management, and control of all stages of hypertension. There are still controversies about the optimal training dose, frequency, and intensity. We aimed to study the effect of aerobic interval training on blood pressure and myocardial function in hypertensive patients. Methods and results: A total ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2011
Different studies have addressed the predictive role of nighttime hemodynamics on cardiovascular and renal outcomes, although nocturnal blood pressure (BP) phenotypes (i.e. nondipping pattern and absolute nocturnal BP) have been found to be predictive of worse health outcomes. Furthermore, differences in both examined populations - ranging from healthy and younger ...
Laurent Pierre - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate central (carotid) artery blood pressure (BP) in endurance athletes. Carotid-femoral (= aortic) pulse wave velocity (PWV) together with radial and carotid tonometry and pulse wave analysis were performed at rest in 30 endurance athletes and 30 sedentary controls, all males matched for ...
Weintraub Howard S - - 2011
There is now clear evidence that reducing blood pressure (BP) with a broad range of agents, including angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers, improves cardiovascular and renal outcomes. There is also evidence suggesting that these drugs have beneficial effects that are independent of BP lowering. Aliskiren is a ...
Beevers D G - - 2011
The epidemiology of arterial hypertension and its treatment has been underlined by a huge research literature. Consistently raised arterial blood pressure in a clinic or home setting is a simple clinical observation that marks a predilection to a variety of fatal and non-fatal vascular disease events. Over the past 50 ...
Ather Sameer - - 2011
In ambulatory patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), high systolic blood pressure (SBP) is associated with better outcomes. However, it is not known whether there is a ceiling beyond which high SBP has a detrimental effect. Thus, our aim was to assess the linearity of association between ...
White William B - - 2011
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are associated with increases in blood pressure (BP), particularly in patients treated with antihypertensive therapy. Naproxcinod is a nitric oxide-donating cyclooxygenase inhibitor in development for osteoarthritis (OA). Thus, we characterized the effects of naproxcinod on BP in an integrated safety analysis of 3 pivotal trials of patients ...
Kamel Hooman - - 2011
Randomized trials have suggested that hypertonic saline solutions may be superior to mannitol for the treatment of elevated intracranial pressure, but their impact on clinical practice has been limited, partly by their small size. We therefore combined their findings in a meta-analysis. We searched for relevant studies in MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Albsoul-Younes Abla M - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of teamwork (physician and pharmacist) on the management of uncontrolled hypertensive patients. This is a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted from March to November 2009. Patients attending the Family Medicine Clinic at Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan with uncontrolled hypertension were invited to participate in the ...
Younger Alastair Se - - 2011
Limb occlusion pressure, which is present when blood flow ceases, has not had a practical method described for attainment. An automated tourniquet system was modified to set tourniquet pressure based on measurement of limb occlusion pressure (LOP). In this single surgeon randomized prospective study, the effectiveness of this system was ...
Sole Mary Lou - - 2011
Endotracheal tube cuff pressure must be kept within an optimal range that ensures ventilation and prevents aspiration while maintaining tracheal perfusion. To test the effect of an intervention (adding or removing air) on the proportion of time that cuff pressure was between 20 and 30 cm H(2)O and to evaluate ...
Okpechi I G - - 2011
Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease, affecting adults worldwide and it accounts for up to 30% of all deaths. The need for better control of arterial hypertension justifies observational studies designed to better understand the real-life management of hypertensive patients. The ASTRAL study was primarily designed to evaluate the percentage ...
Vandrey Ryan R Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. - - 2011
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug. Acute cannabis administration increases blood pressure (BP) and heart rate and tolerance develops to these effects with heavy use. A valid and reliable withdrawal syndrome occurs in most daily users, but few studies have assessed the cardiovascular effects of withdrawal. The objective ...
Donnelly Joseph - - 2011
In this case report we describe a trial of experimentally-induced syncope in a healthy young volunteer that produced abnormal periods of hyperventilation (A=57L/min) and periodic breathing; the latter persisting for approximately 60minutes following termination of the trial. In this example, independent of systemic hypotension, the severe hyperventilation and related hypocapnia ...
Amado Guirado Ester - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a healthcare education program for patients with hypertension. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, cluster-randomized trial was conducted. Randomization was by primary care center; 18 of 36 urban primary care centers in Barcelona and its metropolitan area were randomized to the intervention group (IG) and 18 ...
Gondoli Dawn M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine longitudinal connections among young adolescent heterosocial involvement (i.e., mixed-sex interactions), peer pressure for thinness, and body dissatisfaction. Three years of self-report questionnaire data were collected from 88 adolescent girls as they completed 6th through 8th grades. Results indicated that the relation between ...
Lebeau Jean-Pierre - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In a cluster-randomized trial including 1832 hypertensive patients, all 126 general practitioners (GPs) in the intervention group (IG) used an oscillometric device that was provided for blood pressure (BP) measurements. Of the 131 GPs of the control group (CG), 24.6% used an oscillometric device (OCG), and 75.4% used a ...
Gao Weijie - - 2011
PURPOSE: It is costly and time-consuming to conduct the standard manual titration to identify an effective pressure before continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Automatic titration is cheaper and more easily available than manual titration. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate ...
Kallio H - - 2011
The intra-ocular pressure immediately before glaucoma surgery can be raised. We wished to investigate if ocular compression for 20 min before a combined peri- and retrobulbar injection would result in a lower pressure after the block. Sixty consecutive patients scheduled for filtration surgery were randomly assigned to receive ocular compression ...
Paisley A N - - 2011
Context: Acromegaly increases cardiovascular morbidity. We tested the hypothesis that increased arterial stiffness together with left ventricular hypertrophy may be a contributory factor. Patients and Design: Fifty-six patients (40 males, 54 ± 13 yr; 25 active disease, 31 in remission) and 46 healthy controls (30 males, 52 ± 13 yr) ...
Song Se-Bin - - 2011
Abstract Aims. Blood pressure control is influenced by various genetic and environmental factors, and genetic susceptibility is important in the development of essential hypertension. Because the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has a key role in vasoconstriction, vasodilation, and sodium and electrolyte balance, it is central in blood pressure control and so ...
Zhao Qing - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, for patients who already have OSA and coronary heart diseases (CHD) with optimal medications, whether CPAP can reduce the blood pressure (BP) is not clear. This is a controlled study to evaluate the effects ...
Zhang Yuquing - - 2011
Aims Major guidelines recommend lowering systolic blood pressure (SBP) to <140 mmHg in all hypertensives, but evidence is missing whether this is beneficial in (i) uncomplicated hypertensives, (ii) grade 1 hypertensives, and (iii) elderly hypertensives. Providing this missing evidence is important to justify efforts and costs of aggressive therapy in ...
Lorenza Muiesan M - - 2011
Abstract Background. In hypertensive patients, endothelial dysfunction is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Calcium-channel antagonists can reverse impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation in different vascular districts, while conflicting results are found in the brachial artery. Aim. To investigate the effect of barnidipine in comparison with hydrochlorothiazide on endothelial function ...
Sendra-Lillo José - - 2011
The aim of this study was to measure the community pharmacy white-coat effect (CPWCE) in treated hypertensive patients and to compare its magnitude withthe WCE in the physician's office (POWCE). This cross-sectional study attempted to cover the treated hypertensive population, of more than 18 years of age and users of ...
Bernocchi Palmira - - 2011
Background: Technology and information systems enabling transmission of patients' data and ability to provide and exchange professional support remotely to the general practitioners can improve quality and continuity of care. Design: We set up a programme of primary prevention in 27 patients at risk for cardiovascular diseases by using Telemedicine ...
Lowdon Peter - - 2011
This study investigated the interaction between heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) during conscious control under visual biofeedback and background noise conditions. Normotensive volunteers were instructed to (i) decrease and (ii) increase HR (group A, n = 16) or BP (group B, n = 16). After instructions to lower ...
Takase Hiroyuki - - 2011
BackgroundThe present study was designed to test the hypothesis that brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) predicts longitudinal increases in blood pressure (BP) and new onset of hypertension in individuals with normal BP.MethodsbaPWV was measured using a semiautomated device in 2,496 participants (27-84 years) without hypertension who visited our hospital for ...
Lam Willis - - 2011
Objective To link ischaemia, left ventricular (LV) untwisting and changes in filling pressure during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). Design Cross-sectional study at rest and at peak dobutamine stress. Setting Academic medical centre. Patients Patients who had undergone routine DSE between January and September 2009. Methods Routine DSE was combined with ...
Witham Miles D - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests a number of mechanisms whereby vitamin D may positively influence the pathophysiology of heart failure. These include actions on the renin-angiotensin system, calcium handling, reduction of proinflammatory cytokines, and improvements in endothelial function and blood pressure. Observational data suggest that low vitamin D levels are common in ...
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