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Astorne Figari Walter J - - 2013
Citalopram is one of the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) most commonly prescribed for depression and many affective disorders. Abrupt cessation of this medication has been associated with dizziness, nausea, myalgias, anxiety and irritability. It is unclear whether blood pressure can be perturbed under such a circumstance. We present a ...
Anderson Craig - - 2013
The Statistical analysis plan (SAP) for the second INTEnsive blood pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral hemorrhage Trial (INTERACT2).
Amin Osama S M - - 2013
The simultaneous development of two (or more) spontaneous, hypertensive, non-traumatic intraparenchymal cerebral haemorrhages is rare and constitutes less than 5.6% of all hypertensive cerebral haemorrhages. In addition to having a high early mortality, these haemorrhages carry a considerable morbidity figure in patients who survive the event. We report a 68-year-old hypertensive ...
Franceschi Ruben C - - 2013
The anesthetic gas xenon is reported to preserve hemodynamic stability during general anesthesia. However, the effects of the gas during shock are unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Xe on hemodynamic stability and tissue perfusion in a canine model of hemorrhagic shock. Twenty-six dogs, ...
Cevik Cemal - - 2013
Blood pressure control is an important component of cardiovascular disease prevention. Despite the advances in the treatment of hypertension; effective management remains poor. The combined use of multiple drug strategies fail to regulate blood pressure and chronic use of those agents cause severe side-effects. New strategies are required to control ...
Wilson David F - - 2013
Phosphorescence quenching and visible lightguide spectrophotometry were used to measure brain cortex oxygen partial pressure and skin oxygen saturation, respectively, during stepwise haemorrhage and re-transfusion in four 4-7-day-old anaesthetised piglets. In three cases, the effect of administration of adrenalin (epinephrine) was investigated. Brain cortex partial pressure was measured using a ...
Zhang Yu-Ming - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of hypotensive and normotensive resuscitation with a novel combination of fluids via lactate Ringer's solution (LRS), 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 solution (HES), and 7.5% hypertonic saline solution (HSS) at early stage of uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock (UHS) before hemostasis. New Zealand ...
Thongrong Cattleya - - 2013
Hemostasis is critical for adequate anatomical visualization during endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery. Reduction of intraoperative bleeding should be considered during the treatment planning and continued throughout the perioperative period. Preoperative preparations include the optimization of comorbidities and cessation of drugs that may inhibit coagulation. Intraoperative considerations comprise anesthetic and ...
Yasaka Masahiro - - 2013
To prevent major hemorrhage during anticoagulation, it is quite important to manage controllable risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking habit, and too much alcohol intake. It is also important to avoid dual antithrombotic therapy as long as possible, which increases severe bleeding events. For patients with major bleeding ...
Huang Qi-Fang QF Centre for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials, The Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2013
We reviewed the Chinese and English literature for the efficacy and safety data of valsartan monotherapy or combination therapy in Chinese hypertensive patients. According to the data of ten randomized controlled trials, valsartan monotherapy was as efficacious as another angiotensin receptor blocker or other classes of antihypertensive drugs, excepting the ...
Gegel Brian - - 2012
The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the effectiveness of QuikClot Combat Gauze (QCG) compared to a control group and (2) investigate the effect of movement on hemorrhage control when QCG is employed. This was a prospective, experimental design employing an established porcine model of uncontrolled hemorrhage. ...
Pfeifer Roman - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The hemorrhagic shock (HS) model is commonly used to initiate a systemic post-traumatic inflammatory response. Numerous experimental protocols exist and it is unclear how differences in these models affect the immune response making it difficult to compare results between studies. The aim of this study was to compare the ...
Dika Zivka - - 2012
Background: Hypertension is not considered to be a characteristic of endemic nephropathy (EN). Recent observations suggested that it might be more prevalent than it was reported before. Aim: The aim of our study was to analyze prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension in a Croatian endemic area. Methods: In the ...
Ortega-Gutierrez Santiago - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Nicardipine and labetalol are two commonly used antihypertensives for treating elevated blood pressures in the setting of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). There are no studies comparing these two agents as continuous infusions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients admitted between November 2009 and ...
Gegel Brian - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the hemostatic agent BleedArrest compared to control. This was a prospective, experimental design employing an established porcine model of uncontrolled hemorrhage. The minimum number of animals (n=10 per group) was used to obtain a statistically valid result. There were ...
Johnson Don - - 2012
Although hemostatic agents may be effective at stopping hemorrhage, they may fail because of hemodilution from intravenous fluids. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of QuikClot Combat Gauze (QCG) on rebleeding in a class II hemorrhage in the presence of hemodilution in a lethal femoral injury. ...
Narayan Sunil K - - 2012
There is paucity of methodologically sound published studies on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) from India, on pub med/embase search. To explore etiology of ICH and correlate the causes, location, and size of hemorrhage to clinical outcome. A hospital-based descriptive study from South Indian eastern coastal town of Puducherry; 60 consecutive subjects ...
Toyoda K - - 2012
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Japan. Seventeen Japanese institutions are participating in the Antihypertensive Treatment for Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage (ATACH) II Trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no. NCT01176565; UMIN 000006526). This phase III trial is designed to determine the therapeutic benefit of early intensive systolic blood ...
Hobolth Lise - - 2012
Abstract Portal hypertension leads to development of serious complications such as esophageal varices, ascites, renal and cardiovascular dysfunction. The importance of the degree of portal hypertension has been substantiated within recent years. Measurement of the portal pressure is simple and safe and the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) independently predicts ...
Addley Jennifer - - 2012
Portal hypertension occurs as a complication of liver cirrhosis and complications such as variceal bleeding lead to significant demands on resources. Endoscopy is the gold standard method for screening cirrhotic patients however universal endoscopic screening may mean a lot of unnecessary procedures as the presence of oesophageal varices is variable ...
Tran Khoa - - 2012
The wireless motility capsule (WMC) is an ambulatory noninvasive and nonradioactive diagnostic sensor that continuously samples intraluminal pH, temperature, and pressure as it moves through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. This review summarizes the data obtained in clinical trials with the WMC and discusses its role in clinical practice. The United ...
Kim Sang Yong - - 2012
The purpose of the study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of nicardipine infusion for controlling blood pressure in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We prospectively evaluated 52 patients with SAH and treated with nicardipine infusion for blood pressure control in a 29 months period. The mean blood pressure ...
Rincon Fred - - 2012
Intracerebral hemorrhage is by far the most destructive form of stroke. Apart from the management in a specialized stroke or neurological intensive care unit (NICU), no specific therapies have been shown to consistently improve outcomes after ICH. Current guidelines endorse early aggressive optimization of physiologic derangements with ventilatory support when ...
White C Michael - - 2012
Evaluation of: Powers BJ, Coeytaux RR, Dolor RJ et al. Updated report on comparative effectiveness of ACE inhibitors, ARBs, and direct renin inhibitors for patients with essential hypertension: much more data, little new information. J. Gen. Intern. Med. doi:10.1007/s11606-011-1938-8 (2012) (Epub ahead of print). Hypertension is a chronic problem in ...
Theophilidou E - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Portal hypertension is an unusual complication of liver metastases, which is frequently occurring in malignant disease. Portal hypertension may cause oesophageal varices and also stoma varices (colostomy and ileostomy). Oesophageal varices and bleeding from these varices have been frequently reported in literature. Stomal varices have also been reported in ...
Amin Osama S M - - 2012
Hypertensive intracerebral haemorrhage is usually a once in a lifetime event and recurrences are rare. Most recurrences usually develop within 2 years of the first event and the majority usually target the basal ganglia and thalami. Failure of blood pressure control is the most important, potentially preventable, culprit behind the ...
Nowshad Nader N Trauma Research Center ,Shiraz Medical School , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR - - 2012
In modern life, the incidence of traumatic injuries increases daily. In accidents which lead to trauma, massive bleeding is the main cause of death. Nowadays, many different chemical and herbal agents are available for quick control of bleeding. In this study, we compare the effectiveness of two different types of ...
Selvaraj Nandakumar N Department of Biomedical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 01609, USA. - - 2012
Autonomic control mechanisms during progressive hemorrhage in humans remain complex and unclear. The present study investigates the autonomic reflexes during maximal application of lower body negative pressure (LBNP) that mimics severe hemorrhage in conscious human subjects (n=10) using analyses of heart rate variability (HRV) and systolic blood pressure variability (BPV) ...
Fulladosa E - - 2011
The use of K-lactate in combination with new elaboration procedures and high pressure (HP) treatments may help to produce safe, salt-reduced restructured dry-cured ham with no sensory defects. The effect of K-lactate addition on the microbiota of restructured hams manufactured with a reduced salt content was evaluated after the resting ...
Troxel T R - - 2012
The relationship between barometric pressure (BARO) and maximum (MAX_T) and minimum (MIN_T) environmental temperatures with the incidence of parturition in beef cows was examined through exploratory data analysis. Spring- and fall-calving records from a 5-yr period (2005 through 2009) collected at the University of Arkansas, Livestock and Forestry Research Station ...
Barausse A - - 2011
The changes in a marine community in the northern Adriatic Sea were explored over a period of 65 years using landings data from a commercial fishing fleet, and the role of fishing pressure and environmental variations in driving these changes was investigated. A total of 40 taxonomic categories, including one ...
Juck Greg - - 2011
The relatively high prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in various food products is of great concern to the food industry. The objective of this study was to determine the pressure-inactivation of the pathogens in a representative food model as affected by prior growth ...
Brodie Daniel - - 2011
A 41-year-old woman presents with severe community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia. Chest radiography reveals diffuse bilateral infiltrates, and hypoxemic respiratory failure develops despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. She is intubated and mechanical ventilation is initiated with a volume- and pressure-limited approach for the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Over the ensuing 24 hours, ...
Zhang Longjun - - 2011
We investigated the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO(2)) in Jiaozhou Bay (JZB), which is surrounded by the economically developed city of Qingdao, during two cruises undertaken in November, 2007 (autumn) and February, 2008 (winter). Results indicated that sea surface pCO(2) in autumn varied between 315 and 720μatm, with an ...
Butcher Derek R - - 2011
Many interesting structures have been observed on O2-exposed Pt(110). These structures, along with their stability and reactivity towards CO provide insights into catalytic processes on open Pt surfaces, which have similarities to Pt nanoparticle catalysts. In this study, we present results from ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, high pressure scanning ...
Brook Robert D - - 2011
Environmental temperatures are inversely related to BP; however, the effects of short-term temperature changes within a 24-hour period and measured with high accuracy at the personal level have not been described. Fifty-one nonsmoking patients living in the Detroit area had up to 5 consecutive days of 24-hour personal-level environmental temperature ...
Murakami Motohiko - - 2011
Ultralow velocity zones are the largest seismic anomalies in the mantle, with 10-30% seismic velocity reduction observed in thin layers less than 20-40 km thick, just above the Earth's core-mantle boundary (CMB). The presence of silicate melts, possibly a remnant of a deep magma ocean in the early Earth, have been ...
Munger Lisa M - - 2011
Parrotfishes (family Scaridae) are an important component of coral reef ecosystems, and this key functional group plays a major role in algae removal and bioerosion of reef substrate. They are also heavily fished in many locations, which may lead to ecosystem-wide impacts such as increased algal cover. In the State ...
Lee Jennifer Margaret - - 2011
Abstract Acute oesophageal variceal haemorrhage is a major cause of death associated with cirrhotic liver disease. Whilst surgical procedures can decrease the risk of recurrent bleeds, pharmacological aids are often used to treat the cause of the varices: portal hypertension. Insertion of a Sengstaken Blakemore tube or Minnesota tube can ...
Patterson Margaret F - - 2012
The microbial quality of untreated and pressure-treated carrot juice was compared during storage at 4, 8 and 12 °C. High pressure treatment at 500 MPa and 600 MPa (1 min/20 °C) reduced the total counts by approximately 4 log CFU ml(-1) and there was very little growth of the survivors during storage at 4 °C for up to ...
Eloe Emiley A EA Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0202, - - 2011
Cultivated psychropiezophilic (low-temperature- and high-pressure-adapted) bacteria are currently restricted to phylogenetically narrow groupings capable of growth under nutrient-replete conditions, limiting current knowledge of the extant functional attributes and evolutionary constraints of diverse microorganisms inhabiting the cold, deep ocean. This study documents the isolation of a deep-sea bacterium following dilution-to-extinction cultivation ...
Jafar Tazeen H - - 2011
Evidence on economically efficient strategies to lower blood pressure (BP) from low- and middle-income countries remains scarce. The Control of Blood Pressure and Risk Attenuation (COBRA) trial randomized 1341 hypertensive subjects in 12 randomly selected communities in Karachi, Pakistan, to 3 intervention programs: (1) combined home health education (HHE) plus ...
Schuster Paul F - - 2011
We measured mercury (Hg) concentrations and calculated export and yield from the Yukon River Basin (YRB) to quantify Hg flux from a large, permafrost-dominated, high-latitude watershed. Exports of Hg averaged 4400 kg Hg yr-1. The average annual yield for the YRB during the study period was 5.17 ug m-2 yr-1, ...
Farmery Scott - - 2011
SCUBA diving has several risks associated with it from breathing air under pressure-nitrogen narcosis, barotrauma and decompression sickness (the bends). Trimix SCUBA diving involves regulating mixtures of nitrogen, oxygen and helium in an attempt to overcome the risks of narcosis and decompression sickness during deep dives, but introduces other potential ...
Fatiu Arogundade - - 2011
Hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are common in our urban and rural communities but the majority of affected individuals are not aware of their condition. We conducted free medical examination and screening during one of the market days in Odo-Ogbe market, Ile-Ife, Nigeria to evaluate the magnitude of undiagnosed ...
Stoyek Matthew R - - 2011
Many teleosts use gas-filled swimbladders to control buoyancy and influence three-dimensional orientation (pitch and roll). However, swimbladder volume, and its contributions to these functions, varies with depth-related pressure according to Boyle's law. Moreover, the swimbladder volume at a given depth also depends on the compliance of the swimbladder wall, but ...
Barmaki Babak - - 2011
Hypertensive patients have higher morbidity and mortality from hemorrhage. In this study, we investigated hemodynamic responses and serum nitrite concentrations during graded hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in hypertensive (HT) and normotensive (NT) rats. Thirteen male rats were divided into two groups, namely HT (n = 6) and NT (n = ...
Bertisch Suzanne M SM Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 1309 Beacon Street, 2nd floor, Brookline, Boston, MA 02446, USA. - - 2011
Data suggest that device-guided paced respiration (<10 breaths/min) may reduce blood pressure in hypertensive patients. We hypothesized that daily device-guided slow breathing may lower blood pressure in patients with hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In this one-arm pilot study, we enrolled 25 subjects with hypertension and OSA. Subjects were ...
Gunawardena Duminda A - - 2011
In this study, glucose, a primary building-block of biomass was subjected to secondary pyrolysis in a reactor that was retrofitted subsequent to a primary micro-pyrolysis reactor. It was observed that incorporation of a secondary reactor resulted in producing significant amounts of gasoline range hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbon yields improved further as ...
Verberk Wilco C E P - - 2011
Aquatic ectotherms face the continuous challenge of capturing sufficient oxygen from their environment as the diffusion rate of oxygen in water is 3 x 10(5) times lower than in air. Despite the recognized importance of oxygen in shaping aquatic communities, consensus on what drives environmental oxygen availability is lacking. Physiologists ...
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