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Ramesh Archana S AS Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
The clinical practice of pediatric anesthesiology has changed with increasing use of cuffed endotracheal tubes (cETTs) in infants and children. To limit the risk of tracheal mucosal damage, regular monitoring of intracuff pressure (CP) is necessary. This study evaluates the efficacy and accuracy of a novel syringe device that provides ...
Choi Kwan-Woong KW Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
An intracuff pressure of 80 cm H2 O in the adult-sized laryngeal mask airway Supreme has been recommended to obtain a higher oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP). However, the intracuff pressure for the higher OLP in the pediatric laryngeal mask airway Supreme could be different from that in the adult-sized laryngeal mask ...
Frutos-Vivar Fernando F Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Carretera de Toledo Km.12,500, Getafe, Madrid, - - 2014
Withdrawal from mechanical ventilation (or weaning) is one of the most common procedures in intensive care units. Almost 20 years ago, we published one of the seminal papers on weaning in which we showed that the best method for withdrawal from mechanical ventilation in difficult-to-wean patients was a once-daily spontaneous breathing ...
Bellani Giacomo G From the Department of Health Science, University of Milan-Bicocca, Monza, Italy, and Department of Emergency and Intensive Care, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy (G.B., N.P., A.P.); Department of Health Science, University of Milan-Bicocca, Monza, Italy (A.C., M.T., S.A.M., T.M.); and Department of Emergency and Intensive Care, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy - - 2014
Auto-positive end-expiratory pressure (auto-PEEP) may substantially increase the inspiratory effort during assisted mechanical ventilation. Purpose of this study was to assess whether the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) signal can be reliably used to estimate auto-PEEP in patients undergoing pressure support ventilation and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and ...
Bezalel Shira S Departments of Medicine B, Clinical Immunology Allergy and AIDS, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, - - 2014
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) are widely used, effective and well tolerated anti-hypertensive agents. The mechanisms by which those agents act can cause side effects such as decreased blood pressure, hyperkalemia and impaired renal function. ACE-I can induce cough in 5-35% and angioedema in up to 0.7% of the treated ...
Lampland Andrea L AL Infant Diagnostic & Research Center, Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA Department of Pediatrics-Neonatology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2014
We hypothesised that short-term application of bi-level nasal continuous positive airway pressure CPAP (SiPAP) compared with conventional nasal CPAP (nCPAP) at the same mean airway pressure in infants with persistent oxygen need recovering from respiratory distress syndrome would improve CO2 removal with no change in oxygen requirement. Non-blinded, randomised, observational ...
Zhang Boyang B Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Hotchkiss Brain Institute & Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
In unrestrained whole body plethysmography, tidal volume is commonly determined using the barometric method, which assumes that temperature and humidity changes (the 'barometric component') are solely responsible for breathing-related chamber pressure fluctuations. However, in small animals chamber pressure is also influenced by a 'mechanical component' dependent on airway resistance and ...
Alipour Mohammad M 1 Eye Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences , Mashhad, Iran - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of propofol, etomidate, and thiopental administered during phacoemulsification (PE) cataract extraction on intraocular pressure (IOP) and hemodynamic responses with insertion of laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Methods: In a randomized double-blind clinical trial, patients scheduled for PE with general anesthesia were included. Patients were allocated ...
Denker Matthew G MG Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hypertension are highly prevalent and treatable conditions that often coexist and both contribute to an increased cardiovascular risk. The ability of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to improve blood pressure in hypertensive patients with OSA is debated. This review highlights findings from recent studies that ...
Chen Xiaodong - - 2014
Although mechanical ventilation is a life-saving therapy for patients with severe lung disorders, the microbubble flows generated during ventilation generate hydrodynamic stresses, including pressure and shear stress gradients, which damage the pulmonary epithelium. In this study, we used computational fluid dynamics to investigate how gravity, inertia and surface tension influence ...
Berry M M Centre for Translational Physiology, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New - - 2014
Temporizing oxygenation by percutaneous transtracheal ventilation (PTV) is a recommended emergency technique in 'can't intubate, can't oxygenate' (CICO) situations. Barotrauma risk increases if expiration is obstructed. The Ventrain(®) is a new PTV device that assists expiration. Our aim was to compare key physiological outcomes after PTV with the Ventrain and ...
Schein Andressa S O AS aInstituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia bUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul cUniversidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may lead to the development of hypertension and therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can promote reduction in blood pressure. The objective of this study is to review systematically the effects of CPAP on blood pressure in patients with OSA. The search was conducted in ...
Li Bassi Gianluigi G 1Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Animal Experimentation, Hospital Clínic, Thorax Institute, Barcelona, Spain. 2Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain. 3Centro de Investigación Biomedica En Red-Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain. 4Department of Cardiology, Hospital Clínic, Thorax Institute, Barcelona, Spain. 5Department of Clinical Microbiology, School of Medicine, and Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona), Barcelona, Spain. 6Department of Pathology, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain. 7Pulmonary Intensive Care Unit, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 8Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clínic, Thorax Institute, Office of Biostatistics, Barcelona, Spain. 9University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
In the semirecumbent position, gravity-dependent dissemination of pathogens has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. We compared the preventive effects of a ventilatory strategy, aimed at decreasing pulmonary aspiration and enhancing mucus clearance versus the Trendelenburg position. Prospective randomized animal study. Animal research facility, University of Barcelona, Spain. ...
Trabelsi O O a Group of Structural Mechanics and Materials Modelling, University of Zaragoza , Zaragoza , - - 2014
The Montgomery T-tube is used as a combined tracheal stent and airway after laryngotracheoplasty, to keep the lumen open and prevent mucosal laceration from scarring. It is valuable in the management of upper and mid-tracheal lesions, while invaluable in long and multisegmental stenting lesions. Numerical simulations based on real-patient-tracheal geometry, ...
Lucy Malcolm J MJ Department of Anesthesia, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
Positive-pressure ventilation during transport of intubated patients is generally delivered via a hand-pressurized device. Of these devices, self-inflating resuscitators (SIR) and flow-inflating resuscitators (FIR) constitute the two major types used. Selection of a particular device for transport, however, remains largely an institutional practice. To evaluate the hypothesis that transport ventilation ...
Pomprapa Anake - - 2014
Automatic ventilation for patients with respiratory failure aims at reducing mortality and can minimize the workload of clinical staff, offer standardized continuous care, and ultimately save the overall cost of therapy. We therefore developed a prototype for closed-loop ventilation using acute respiratory distress syndrome network (ARDSNet) protocol, called autoARDSNet. A ...
Kang Fang F *Department of Anesthesia, QiLu Hospital (Affiliated to Shandong University School of Medicine), Jinan, Shandong Province †Department of Anesthesia, Anhui Provincial Hospital (Affiliated to Anhui Medical University), Anhui Province, - - 2014
The single-use supreme-laryngeal mask airway (SLMA) has been reported to be suitable for airway management in the prone position. However, there are a limited number of cases using the I-gel in the prone position. In this study, we compared the clinical use of the 2 devices in adult patients undergoing ...
Zhang Bo B Tianjin Huanhu Hospital (BZ), Tianjin, China; and Intensive Care Unit of Tianjin Third Central Hospital (Y-ZQ), Tianjin, - - 2014
The threshold values of rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) were compared in pressure support ventilation (PSV) and T-piece assessments for spontaneous breathing trials (SBT). The ability of ΔRSBI to also predict successful weaning was evaluated. Two hundred eight patients were weaned from mechanical ventilation through oral intubation. They were randomly ...
Davies John D JD Respiratory Care Services, Duke University Hospital, Durham, North Carolina. - - 2014
Manual ventilation is a basic skill that involves airway assessment, maneuvers to open the airway, and application of simple and complex airway support devices and effective positive-pressure ventilation using a bag and mask. An important part of manual ventilation is recognizing its success and when it is difficult or impossible ...
Ramachandran Satya Krishna SK Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. - - 2014
Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) are used to keep the upper airway open to provide unobstructed ventilation. Early (first-generation) SADs rapidly replaced endotracheal intubation and face masks in > 40% of general anesthesia cases due to their versatility and ease of use. Second-generation devices have further improved efficacy and utility by ...
Sharman J E JE Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is the most frequent cause of death in people with chronic respiratory disease. The cause of this association has been attributed to airway obstruction leading to cardiovascular dysfunction (increased central blood pressure (BP) and aortic stiffness). However, this has never been experimentally tested. Methacholine is routinely used to ...
Pengo Martino F MF 1 Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Lane Fox Respiratory Unit/Sleep Disorders Centre, London, UK ; 2 Department of Medicine (DIMED), University of Padua, Italy ; 3 University Hospital of Patras, Rio, Patras, Greece ; 4 King's Health Partners, London, UK ; 5 King's College London School of Medicine, UK ; 6 NIHR Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London, London, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is the most common form of sleep-disordered breathing and a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We hypothesised that in patients with OSA the characteristics of nocturnal pulse rate (PR) are associated with changes in blood pressure and daytime sleepiness, following commencement of continuous positive airway ...
Nakamura Maria Aparecida Miyuki MA Heart Institute, Hospital das Clínicas, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Objective: Discomfort and noncompliance with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) interfaces are obstacles to NIV success. Total face masks (TFMs) are considered to be a very comfortable NIV interface. However, due to their large internal volume and consequent increased CO2 rebreathing, their orifices allow proximal leaks to enhance CO2 elimination. The ventilators ...
Zhao Yanhui Y Department of Oral and Cranio-Maxillofacial Science, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, School of Stomatology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, No. 639 Zhi Zao Ju Rd, 200011, Shanghai, - - 2014
To verify the effects of oral appliance (OA) on upper airway morphology under intraluminal pressure, identify specific sites of upper airway collapsibility that can be reversed by OAs, and determine the relationship between OA efficacy and dynamic upper airway changes using computed tomography (CT) with Muller's maneuver. Nineteen adult Chinese ...
Lloberes Patricia P aServei de Pneumologia, Sleep Unit, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona bCIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto Nacional de Salud Carlos III, Madrid cServei de Nefrologia dServei de Neurofisiologia Clínica, Sleep Unit eServei d'Anàlisis Clíniques, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona fServicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe, Valencia, - - 2014
The high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in patients with resistant hypertension could be mediated by an activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. This study assessed the impact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC). One hundred and twenty-four patients with resistant hypertension were assessed, and ...
Lin Erica P EP From the Department of *Anesthesiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; and †Anesthesia, ‡Pathology, and §Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Infant brain injury from hypoxia-ischemia (HI) can lead to life-long impairment, but protective strategies are lacking. Short-term but not long-term protection has been demonstrated in the Rice-Vannucci neonatal brain ischemia model (RVM) by volatile anesthetic administration before HI, while exposure during HI has not been tested. In the current study, ...
Hashimoto Y Y Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, Koshigaya, Saitama, - - 2014
We studied 40 adult patients to see if cricoid pressure affected placement of the i-gel(™) . In a randomised crossover design, the i-gel was placed with and without cricoid pressure, and we compared the success rate of adequate ventilation through the i-gel, time to placement and the rate of optimal ...
Krishna Senthil G SG Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, the Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
A major concern with the use of cuffed endotracheal tubes (cETT) in children is hyperinflation of the cuff which may compromise tracheal mucosal perfusion. To measure the intracuff pressure (CP), we devised a method using the transducer of an invasive pressure monitoring device. The objective of the study was to ...
Gattinoni L L Dipartimento di Anestesia, Rianimazione ed Emergenza Urgenza, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda -Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
We wish to report here a practical approach to an ARDS patient as devised by a group of intensivists with different expertise. The referral scenario is an intensive care unit of a Community Hospital with limited technology, where a young doctor, alone, must deal with this complicate syndrome during the ...
Basset Leanne L CIToxLAB North America, 445 Armand Frappier, Laval, QC, Canada, H7V - - 2014
A number of drugs in clinical trials are discontinued due to potentially life-threatening airway obstruction. As some drugs may not cause changes in core battery parameters such as tidal volume (Vt), respiratory rate (RR) or minute ventilation (MV), including measurements of respiratory mechanics in safety pharmacology studies represents an opportunity ...
Khirani Sonia S Pediatric Pulmonary Department, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Armand Trousseau, Paris, France.S2A Santé, Ivry sur Seine, - - 2014
Daytime mouthpiece ventilation is a useful adjunct to nocturnal noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with neuromuscular disease. The aims of the study were to analyze the practice of mouthpiece ventilation and to evaluate the performance of ventilators for mouthpiece ventilation. Practice of mouthpiece ventilation was assessed by a questionnaire, and ...
Ganigara Anuradha A Department of Anesthesiology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, South Hospital Complex, Dharmaram College Post, Bangalore, 560029, Karnataka, India, - - 2014
Endotracheal tube cuff pressure monitoring is one of the standard degrees of care afforded to anesthetized patients in the operative theater. Traditional pressure transducer when used to monitor cuff pressure provides real time continuous sine wave pressure waveform which has not been described in literature so far. This unique waveform ...
Keenan Brendan T BT Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA Joint first - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular disease. Dyslipidaemia has been implicated as a mechanism linking OSA with atherosclerosis, but no consistent associations with lipids exist for OSA or positive airway pressure treatment. We assessed the relationships between fasting lipid levels and obesity and OSA severity, and explored the ...
Iwasaki Tomonori T Field of Developmental Medicine, Health Research Course, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is an effective treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children with maxillary constriction. Nonetheless, the effect of RME on pharyngeal airway pressure during inspiration is not clear. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate changes induced by the ...
Kohan Mahmoud M M Kohan, BSN, MSN, Lecturer, Department of Operating Room, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of expiratory ribcage compression (ERCC) before endotracheal suctioning on the arterial blood gases (ABG) in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Endotracheal suctioning is one of the most frequently used methods for airway clearance in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Chest physiotherapy techniques such as ERCC before endotracheal suctioning ...
Ho Amh A Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
If tracheal intubation is not possible using direct laryngoscopy, one option is to use a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) through which an endotracheal tube (ETT) can be passed. In children, however, the size of an uncuffed ETT that can pass through the lumen of an LMA is sometimes too small ...
Adelborg K K Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
Thirty surf lifeguards (mean (SD) age: 25.1 (4.8) years; 21 male, 9 female) were randomly assigned to perform 2 × 3 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a manikin using mouth-to-face-shield ventilation (AMBU(®) LifeKey) and mouth-to-pocket-mask ventilation (Laerdal Pocket Mask™). Interruptions in chest compressions, effective ventilation (visible chest rise) ratio, tidal volume and inspiratory time ...
Kawaguchi Atsushi A University of Alberta, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Stollery Children's Hospital, 3A3.06 Walter C MacKenzie Health Centre, 8440 112 St Edmonton, T6G 2B7, AB, Canada; University of Alberta, School of Public - - 2014
Airway Pressure Release Ventilation (APRV) is widely used in adult critical care settings. However, information on the use of APRV in the pediatric population is limited. All patients admitted to the medical-surgical pediatric intensive care unit with a diagnosis of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) who received APRV for at ...
Daoud Ehab G EG Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2014
No objective data directly comparing the 2 modes are available. Based on a simple mathematical model, APRV and BIPAP can presumably be set to achieve the same mean airway pressure (mPaw), end expiratory pressure, and tidal volume (VT). Herein, we tested this hypothesis when using a real ventilator and clinically ...
Geng Guiqi G Department of Anesthesiology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shenyang Road 128#, Yangpu District, Shanghai, 200090, China, - - 2014
Postoperative respiratory complications related to endotracheal intubation usually present as cough, sore throat, hoarseness. The aim of the study was to examine the effects of endotracheal tube cuff pressure changes during gynecological laparoscopic surgery on postoperative sore throat rates. Thirty patients who underwent gynecological laparoscopic surgery and 30 patients who ...
Galetke Wolfgang W Krankenhaus der Augustinerinnen Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Institute for Pneumology at the University Witten/Herdecke, Solingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although coexisting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) occur frequently in patients with heart diseases, optimal treatment remains unclear. Positive airway pressure (PAP) effectively treats OSA and adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) has been shown to improve CSR. We compared a new treatment algorithm combining automatic continuous positive airway pressure ...
Harbut P P Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2014
Morbidly obese patients are more prone to desaturation of arterial blood during apnea with induction of anesthesia than are non-obese. This study aimed to assess the effect of low-pressure continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with pressure support ventilation (PSV) during pre-oxygenation on partial oxygen pressure in arterial blood (PaO2 ) ...
Yuan George G From the Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (GY); and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (JRB, LS); Department of Neurosciences (JRB, LS); and Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (AB), Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, University Hospital, Newark, - - 2014
Fiber-optic bronchoscopy supported by continuous or bilevel positive airway pressure has helped patients with hypoxemic or hypercapnic respiratory failure avoid respiratory complications. The authors describe a case of a 57-yr-old man with multiple sclerosis with a vital capacity of 250 ml (5% of predicted normal) who was using continuous noninvasive ...
Harcourt Edward R ER 1Neonatology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia. 2Clinical Technology Service, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia. 3Neonatal Research, Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia. 4Neonatal Research, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, VIC, Australia. 5Department of Paediatrics, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, TAS, Australia. 6Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano University, Milano, Italy. 7Departments Paediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
The differences in performance of early generation high-frequency oscillators have been attributed to their distinct pressure and flow waveforms. Recently, five new oscillators have been commercially released. The objective of this study was to characterize the pressure and flow waveforms of eight commercially available oscillators. In vitro benchtop study. Tertiary ...
Gouinaud Laure L a Medical Gases Group, Air Liquide Santé International, Centre de Recherche Claude Delorme , 1 Chemin de la Porte des Loges, B.P. 126, Les Loges-en-Josas 78354 , - - 2014
A numerical pressure loss model previously used for adult human airways has been modified to simulate the inhalation pressure distribution in a healthy 9-month-old infant lung morphology model. Pressure distributions are calculated for air as well as helium and xenon mixtures with oxygen to investigate the effects of gas density ...
Abboud François - - 2014
Nearly two decades ago, we evaluated ten patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We determined that alarming nocturnal oscillations in arterial pressure and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) were caused by regulatory coupling and neural interactions among SNA, apnea, and ventilation. Patients with OSA exhibited high levels of SNA when awake, ...
Dubey Prakash Kumar PK Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sheikhpura, Patna, Bihar, - - 2014
A 3-month-old male child underwent uneventful inguinal herniotomy under general anesthesia. After extubation, airway obstruction followed by pulmonary edema appeared for which the baby was reintubated and ventilated. The baby made a complete recovery and extubated after about 2 h. A post-operative computed tomography scan revealed a posterior mediastinal cystic ...
Carlson Jestin N - - 2014
ABSTRACTObjective:Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents occurs 20 to 30% of the time during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of cardiac arrest due to loss of protective airway reflexes, pressure changes generated during CPR, and positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Although the American Heart Association has recommended the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as an ...
Saran Sai S Departments of Anaesthesiology & Critical Care, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, Gorimedu, Puducherry, - - 2014
i-gel™ and the ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) are two supraglottic airway devices with gastric channel used for airway maintenance in anesthesia. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of i-gel compared with PLMA for airway maintenance in pediatric patients under general anesthesia with controlled ventilation. A total of ...
Meftahuzzaman S M SM Professor ASM Meftahuzzaman, Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, - - 2014
Stress response due to laryngoscopy and intubation has been universally recognized phenomenon resulting in increase in heart rate, arterial, intracranial, and intraocular pressure. Various pharmacological approaches have been used to blunt or attenuate such pressure responses. This prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, double blinded study was designed to compare the efficacy ...
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