Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1822
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Talaie Ramin - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Determination of optimal administered sedatives during endoscopy is vital and necessary for the minimization of their side effects. This study was designed to see the effect of sedation on endoscopy induced arterial oxygen desaturation and determination of sedatives safety during gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODOLOGY: In this controlled clinical trial, 90 ...
Ali Zulfiqar - - 2009
The main aims of anesthesia for pituitary surgery include maintenance of hemodynamic stability, provision of conditions that facilitate surgical exposure, and a smooth emergence to facilitate a prompt neurologic assessment. The primary aim of our study was to compare the effects of 3 anesthetic regimens on hemodynamics and recovery characteristics ...
Ho Anthony M-H - - 2009
Airway, breathing, and circulation are top priorities in any resuscitation. However, in cardiac tamponade, the decision to intubate the trachea and initiate positive pressure ventilation (PPV) should only be taken after consideration of the deleterious haemodynamic effects of positive intrathoracic pressure. We suggest that the threshold for intubation and PPV ...
Huang Chi-Hsiang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Resuming two lung ventilation (2LV) from one lung ventilation (OLV) has been proven to induce significant oxidative stress, mainly by superoxide release. Although total intravenous anesthesia and inhalational anesthesia are both used in thoracic surgery, different anesthetics may alter the oxidant/antioxidant balance. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing thoracic surgery were ...
Bhattacharya Dipasri - - 2008
The present study was undertaken in patients with controlled hypertension to determine the pressor responses following insertion of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as compared to endotracheal intubation. Two hundred patients with controlled hypertension of either sex, belonging to ASA II undergoing elective surgical procedures of 11/2 to 2 hours duration, ...
Ngan Kee W D - - 2008
In a randomised, double-blinded study, we compared boluses of phenylephrine 100 microg with ephedrine 10 mg for treating hypotension (systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg) in 204 patients having non-elective Caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. Umbilical arterial (UA) and venous (UV) pH and base excess were similar between groups. In ...
Theisen M M - - 2009
The aim of this study was to find the fastest, easiest and safest method of achieving orotracheal intubation for general anaesthesia in laboratory pigs. Twenty-one Yorkshire x Landrace crossbreed male castrated pigs (32.9 +/- 4.8 kg) were investigated. Dorsal and ventral recumbency are the alternatives most frequently described for animal ...
Yoo K Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether the autonomic and arousal responses to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation were altered in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: One hundred and sixteen patients with traumatic complete SCI were grouped according to the time elapsed after the injury (<3 days and >9 months) ...
Zhou Z Q - - 2008
Aortocaval compression is a major cause of maternal hypotension. A randomised controlled clinical trial was designed to compare two wedged supine positions for prevention of hypotension following combined spinal epidural anaesthesia for caesarean delivery. Sixty parturients undergoing elective caesarean delivery were randomly assigned to two different wedged supine positions. After ...
Soares Raquel Reis RR Biocor Instituto, Nova Lima, MG. - - 2008
Problems with pediatric airways are among the greatest challenges an anesthesiologist can face. Laryngeal spasm, which is twice or three times more frequent in the pediatric population, is paramount. The objective of this work was to report the treatment of laryngeal spasm applying digital pressure on a specific area behind ...
Safavi Mohammadreza - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The study was undertaken to compare the effects of small doses of sufentanil or pethidine on cardiovascular responses induced by tracheal intubation. METHODS: Sixty ASA physical status I-II patients, scheduled for elective abdominal surgery under general anesthesia, were randomly allocated in a double blind fashion to receive an intravenous ...
Otterspoor Luuk C - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The propofol infusion syndrome is a rare condition characterized by the occurrence of lactic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis and cardiovascular collapse following high-dose propofol infusion over prolonged periods of time. Patients with traumatic brain injury are particularly at risk of developing this complication because large doses of propofol are ...
Chung C J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Rapidly acting narcotics enhance the degree of bradycardia due to the oculocardiac reflex (OCR) elicited by extraocular muscle (EOM) tension during strabismus surgery. We evaluated and compared the effects of remifentanil and sevoflurane on OCR during paediatric strabismus surgery. METHODS: One hundred and twenty children, 1-9 years old, undergoing ...
Gadsden Jeff C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The main advantage of lumbar plexus block over neuraxial anesthesia is unilateral blockade; however, the relatively common occurrence of bilateral spread (up to 27%) makes this advantage unpredictable. The authors hypothesized that high injection pressures during lumbar plexus block carry a higher risk of bilateral or neuraxial anesthesia. METHODS: ...
Ibrahim S M - - 2008
The case is reported of a 30-year-old multigravida, with insignificant history and stable vital signs, admitted to the labour room for normal vaginal delivery of twins. She received combined spinal epidural analgesia (bupivacaine plus fentanyl) for 3 h. Following uneventful delivery she received 0.2 mg methylergonovine maleate, intramuscularly. Nausea and ...
Kaya F N - - 2008
Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation may cause undesirable increases in blood pressure, heart rate (HR) and intraocular pressure (IOP). Gabapentin has been used effectively to attenuate the pressor response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. We investigated whether the pre-treatment with gabapentin attenuates the IOP in addition to a haemodynamic response to ...
Sams Lisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of propofol or etomidate on induction quality, arterial blood pressure, blood gases, and recovery quality in normal dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded trial. ANIMALS: Eighteen purpose-bred adult Beagles. METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to receive propofol at 8 mg kg(-1) or etomidate at 4 mg ...
Sungur Ulke Zerrin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is widely used in pediatric anesthesia for induction. Ketamine has been preferred in pediatric cardiovascular anesthesia. Aim of this study was to compare the hemodynamic effects and the speed of ketamine and sevoflurane for anesthesia induction in children with congenital heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with congenital ...
Auckburally Adam - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare induction targets, and the haemodynamic and respiratory effects, of propofol, or as an admixture with two different concentrations of alfentanil, delivered via a propofol target-controlled infusion (TCI) system. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective blinded randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: Sixty client-owned dogs scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia. Mean ...
Francis Roland C E - - 2008
The noble gas xenon seems to have minimal cardiovascular side-effects and so may be an ideal anaesthetic agent when investigating cardiovascular physiology. In comparison with standard modern anaesthetics, we investigated the haemodynamic and hormonal effects of xenon in Beagle dogs. After a 30 min baseline period, anaesthesia was induced with ...
Gil Nam Su - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The hanging drop technique identifies the epidural space using the negative pressure of this space. Although the hanging drop technique is popular at the thoracic level, there is still controversy on the negative epidural pressure at this level. The authors hypothesized that the epidural pressure is more consistently negative ...
Owczuk R - - 2008
Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation may provoke changes of cardiac repolarisation. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of intravenous lidocaine on the ECG changes induced by laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. Forty-three female patients were randomly allocated to receive lidocaine (1.5 mg.kg(-1)) or placebo immediately after induction of ...
Kawaguchi M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: beta1-Adrenoceptor antagonists suppress the haemodynamic and arousal responses to tracheal intubation. The Entropy Module shows two spectral entropy-based indices, response entropy (RE) and state entropy (SE). The difference between RE and SE (RE-SE) may reflect nociception during general anaesthesia. In the present study, we investigated the effect of landiolol ...
Najafi M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Fast-track is a method proposed to decrease medical costs through the reduction of patients' length of stay in the hospital. This study was carried out to assess the risks and benefits of conducting the fast-track method in cardiac anaesthesia and to evaluate the role of continuous infusion of short-acting ...
Lin Tso-Chou - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal end-tidal concentrations of sevoflurane in induction of anesthesia for tracheal intubation have been widely studied and discussed. Single vital-capacity breathing of a high concentration of inspiratory sevoflurane rapidly elevates the end-tidal concentration to cause loss of consciousness, although it does not bear relation to proportional body or ...
Riad W - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lornoxicam is a novel non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with marked analgesic property. It has been shown to have analgesic potency similar to morphine and meperidine. Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation provoke major haemodynamic responses. Minimizing perioperative adverse events in elderly patients is of utmost importance. The aim of this ...
Chen X - - 2008
Combined spinal-epidural analgesia is effective in labour analgesia. Nitric oxide may play important roles in pregnancy and labour and is probably affected by labour pain. The aim of the present study was to explore the alteration in serum levels of nitric oxide metabolites, i.e. nitrate and nitrite, during labour with ...
Goel Shiba - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Use of midazolam and ketamine lowers the induction dose of propofol (co-induction) producing hemodynamic stability. BACKGROUND: Large doses of propofol needed for induction and laryngeal mask (LM) insertion in children may be associated with hemodynamic and respiratory effects. Co-induction has the advantage of reducing dose and therefore maintaining hemodynamic ...
Di Marco F - - 2008
Intubation is necessary in 7 to 20% of patients with severe acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema despite optimal treatment. This study evaluated the usefulness of parameters largely available in clinical practice to predict the need for intubation in a population of acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema patients treated with medical therapy and ...
Bharti N - - 2008
This open, prospective, randomised study was designed to evaluate the changes in intra-ocular pressure and haemodynamics after tracheal intubation using either the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) or direct laryngoscopy. Sixty adult patients, ASA physical status 1 or 2 with normal intra-ocular pressure were randomly allocated to one of the ...
Ekemen Serdar - - 2008
Prevention of postoperative pain in children is one of the most important objectives of the anesthesiologist. Opioids have been used as an analgesic for postoperative pain in children for many years. Tramadol has both opioid and monoaminergic agonist actions. The aim of the study was to determine if the analgesic ...
Cafiero T - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of remifentanil-propofol administered as target-controlled infusion during awake fibreoptic intubation for anticipated difficult tracheal intubation in acromegalic patients. METHOD: In all, 20 consecutive acromegalic patients underwent elective endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. After premedication with midazolam 0.03 mg kg(-1), initially a target-controlled infusion ...
Svanström M C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: ECG changes, similar to those seen during myocardial ischaemia, together with symptoms of chest pain, are common during Caesarean section (CS). We hypothesized that oxytocin administration has cardiovascular effects leading to these symptoms and ECG changes. METHODS: Forty women undergoing elective CS under spinal anaesthesia were given an i.v. ...
Mason Keira P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine sedation for radiological imaging studies is a relatively recent application for this drug. Previous studies have demonstrated some haemodynamic effects of dexmedetomidine, however, the effects remain poorly described in children. The aim of this study was to better define the effect of age on heart rate (HR) and ...
Muller Suzana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Propofol is an accepted method of sedation for an ERCP and generally achieves deep sedation rather than conscious sedation, and dexmedetomidine has sedative properties of equivalent efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that dexmedetomidine is as effective as propofol combined with fentanyl for providing conscious sedation during an ERCP. ...
Puri G D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are few published accounts of anaesthesia delivery at high altitude. Natives at high altitude are known to have altered cardiorespiratory reserve. This study seeks to demonstrate the safety of propofol-fentanyl anaesthesia at high altitude titrated to the bispectral index (BIS) (3505 metres above sea level) in native highlanders. ...
Xue Fu-Shan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although there have been numerous favorable reports on the uses of the GlideScope videolaryngoscope (GSVL) in oral and nasal intubations, no study has compared the hemodynamic responses to oral and nasal intubations with the GSVL in a single clinical trial. The purpose of this randomized clinical study was to ...
Dhungana Y - - 2008
The present study compared the efficacy of preloading with colloid "Haemaccel" with vasoconstrictor (intravenous ephedrine sulphate) in preventing hypotension during propofol induction. This prospective, randomized study included 120 patients of Amercan Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II ageing 21 to 50 years of both gender coming for ...
Richa F - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Controlled hypotension is frequently used for obtaining better exposure during tympanoplasty. The aim of this study was to compare dexmedetomidine, a selective, short-acting, central alpha2-adrenergic agonist with remifentanil, an ultra-short-acting opioid with properties similar to other mu-specific agonists, regarding their effects in achieving controlled hypotension and improving ...
Iff Isabelle - - 2008
Two healthy obese, seven-year-old, female Rottweilers weighing 40 and 57 kg were submitted for cranial cruciate repair. They were premedicated with intravenous methadone (0.1 mg kg(-1)) and acepromazine (0.01 and 0.02 mg kg(-1)). Anesthesia was induced with propofol (3.6 and 2.5 mg kg(-1)) and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen using ...
Hüpfl M - - 2008
Aminophylline is usually used during anaesthesia to treat bronchospasm but recent findings suggest that it can also be used to shorten recovery time after general anaesthesia. However, it is unclear whether aminophylline shows similar properties during a steady-state phase of deep surgical anaesthesia. We therefore wanted to test the hypothesis ...
Baysal Ayse A 1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Dr. Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Our aim is to compare the haemodynamic and adverse effects of propofol versus the mixture of midazolam and ketamine as used in sedation for cardiac catheterization in children. In a prospective randomized trial, we divided patients needing sedation into 72 receiving a mixture of midazolam and ketamine and 42 receiving ...
Jack E S - - 2008
Target controlled infusions of propofol use a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model to calculate an effect site concentration of the drug. We assessed the cardiovascular stability of 10 healthy patients using non-invasive thoracic bioimpedance and their 'depth' of anaesthesia using the Bispectral index after they had been anaesthetised to a constant effect site ...
Firoozbakhsh Farhad - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is one of the most frequent complication during laryngoscopy and intubation; thus in the premedication or induction stages, many drugs have been used to control this hypertension. Nitroglycerine is one of the drugs thought to be effective and the purpose of this study is to appraise this deliberation. ...
Enohumah, K O; ;
We describe cardiac arrest after plain bupivacaine spinal anaesthesia in a 28-year old woman who was admitted for an elective caesarean section. After preoperative evaluation and premedication she received a spinal anaesthesia in the L3-4 interspace with plain bupivacaine 0.5%. After being replaced in the supine position she reported difficult ...
Bennarosh L - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The knee-chest (KC) position is often used for spine surgery. It is considered to promote significant changes in venous return and cardiac output. However, the magnitude of these changes and their consequences on intraoperative haemodynamics and anaesthetic requirements remain to be determined. The goal of the present study was ...
G. Akhavan Akbari
Since laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation may result in hemodynamic responses in the form of increasing blood pressure and heart rate and also lead to arrhythmia and myocardial ischemia in the susceptible individuals and these changes can be even harmful for elder people. The present study was conducted to compare Alfentanil ...
Tosun Zeynep - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare propofol-ketamine (PK) and propofol-fentanyl (PF) combinations for deep sedation and analgesia in pediatric burn wound dressing changes. METHODS: Thirty-two ASA physical status II and III inpatients with a second degree total burn surface area ranging from 5% to 25% were studied ...
Uilenreef Joost J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of three rates of dexmedetomidine (DMED) constant rate infusion (CRI) on overall tissue perfusion, isoflurane (ISO) requirements, haemodynamics and quality of recovery in canine surgical patients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs presented for soft tissue or orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: Following ...
Cok O Yalcin - - 2008
We compared the effect of midazolam sedation with or without fentanyl on the hemodynamic parameters, sedation, and pain and satisfaction profile in cataract surgery. Two hundred and ten patients were randomly allocated to receive either midazolam 1 mg i.v. (Group M, n = 101) alone or with fentanyl 25 microg ...
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