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Results 251 - 300 of 1773
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Gupta Kapil - - 2012
The flexible fibreoptic bronchoscope and bonfils rigid intubation endoscope are being widely used for difficult intubations. The haemodynamic response to intubation under general anaesthesia was studied in 60 adult female patients who were intubated using either flexible fibreoptic bronchoscope or bonfils rigid intubation endoscope (30 in each group). Non-invasive blood ...
Heier Jake M - - 2012
We report two cases of successful urgent intubation using a Seldinger technique for airway management through an anesthesia facemask, while maintaining ventilation in patients with difficult airways and grossly distorted airway anatomy. In both cases, conventional airway management techniques were predicted to be difficult or impossible, and a high likelihood ...
Paré Peter D - - 2012
In this article, we discuss the interaction of the lung parenchyma and the airways as well as the physiological and pathophysiological significance of this interaction. These two components of the respiratory organ can be thought of as two independent elastic structures but in fact the mechanical properties of one influence ...
Mujahid-ul-Islam - - 2012
Sympathetic response associated with laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation is recognised as a potential cause for a number of complications especially in hypertensive patients. Various methods have been used to attenuate these haemodynamic responses; however most of the studies are in normotensive patients. The aim of our study was to compare ...
MacFarlane Paul D - - 2012
This case series is the first report of the use of CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) ventilation in adult horses. Two horses and 3 ponies anesthetized for orthopedic procedures in lateral recumbency received 10 cm H(2)O CPAP. During anesthesia, arterial oxygen partial pressure tended to increase and arterial carbon dioxide ...
Silva Aline Rafaele Barros - - 2012
Mechanical ventilation is associated with retained airway secretions. Manually assisted cough contributes to the displacement of bronchial mucus, whereas positive end-expiratory pressure increases collateral ventilation and maintains airway patency. This study aimed to assess the effects of manually assisted cough, either alone or added to increased positive end-expiratory pressure and ...
Sekizuka Hiromitsu - - 2013
The following three case reports present the effects of 6-month continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on blood pressure (BP) in severe obstructive sleep apnea patients with resistant hypertension. Case 1 A 58-year-old woman exhibited a decreased 24-hour BP and changes in the nocturnal BP dipping pattern from non-dipper to ...
Atef Hossam M - - 2012
To compare two different supraglottic airway devices, the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and the I-gel, regarding easiness of insertion of the device, leak pressure, gastric insufflation, end tidal CO2, oxygen saturation, hemodynamic and postoperative complications in anesthetized, spontaneously ventilated adult patients performing different non-emergency surgical procedures. The study was carried ...
Beuret Pascal - - 2012
This clinical study evaluated the effect of a suctioning maneuver on aspiration past the cuff during mechanical ventilation. Patients intubated for less than 48 hours with a PVC-cuffed tracheal tube, under mechanical ventilation with a PEEP ≥5 cm H2O and under continuous sedation, were included in the study. At ...
Maassen R L J G - - 2012
Previous studies comparing Glidescope and classic direct laryngoscopy did not show an attenuation of CV responses to endotracheal intubation. In the present study, we hypothesize that indirect videolaryngoscopy can attenuate cardiovascular responses to endotracheal intubation. In a randomized cross-over study, eighty adults (ASA PS II-III) were included. Both direct and ...
Sunderram Jag - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by episodes of repeated airway obstruction resulting in cessation (apnea) or reduction (hypopnea) in airflow during sleep. These events lead to intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia, sleep fragmentation, and changes in intrathoracic pressure, and are associated with a marked surge in sympathetic activity and an ...
Robinson Amelia - - 2012
To evaluate and compare the effectiveness and tolerability of preoxygenation with the self-inflating bag-valve-mask (BVM) and non-rebreather mask (NRM) as are used before emergency anaesthesia. Device performance evaluation. Experimental study. 12 male and 12 female healthy volunteers (age range 24-47) with no history of clinically significant respiratory disease. End-expiration oxygen ...
Razi Ebrahim E Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR - - 2012
Patients undergone mechanical ventilation need rapid and reliable evaluation of their respiratory status. Monitoring of End-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) as a surrogate, noninvasive measurement of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) is one of the methods used for this purpose in intubated patients. The aim of the present trial was to study ...
Nichols Joann - - 2011
Salt sensitivity of blood pressure has been studied in humans with a 48-hour inpatient protocol of salt loading and depletion or with longer outpatient protocols using high- and low-salt diets. Results have been reproducible, but both methods are laborious and costly. A 6-hour protocol of intravenous salt loading and furosemide ...
Fuchiwaki Yusuke - - 2011
A novel flow-through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) microfluidic system using vapor pressure was developed that can achieve ultra-rapid, small-volume DNA amplification on a chip. The 40-cycle amplification can be completed in as little as 120s, making this device the fastest PCR system in the world. The chip device is made ...
He Jack L - - 2011
BackgroundPrevious research shows serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) are each associated with blood pressure (BP), but it is unclear whether these associations are independent.MethodsCross-sectional data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) during 2003-2006. Analyses were restricted to 7,561 participants aged ≥20 years with ...
Grassi Guido - - 2011
Achievement of goal blood pressure values, particularly in high-risk categories of patients, still remains an unmet goal of the therapeutic approach to hypertension. The same conclusion can be drawn for patient adherence to antihypertensive drugs, which is a variable of major relevance for obtaining optimal blood pressure control in treated ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the hemorrhoid prevention pressure wedge into class II (special controls). The special controls will apply to the device in order to provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device. A hemorrhoid prevention pressure wedge provides support to the perianal ...
Lai Wen-Ter - - 2011
Introduction: Previous studies have demonstrated that hypertensive patients need concomitant therapy with one or more drugs from different classes of antihypertensive agents to achieve their blood pressure control targets. We performed the first multinational observational study of valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) single pill combination in Asia to determine the efficacy, safety, and ...
Milan Manuela - - 2011
PURPOSE: We assessed the performance of different continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) helmets equipped with a safety valve during discontinuation of fresh gas flow. METHODS: This was a physiological study of five healthy volunteers. We delivered CPAP (fresh gas flow 60 l/min, FiO(2) 60%, PEEP 5 cmH(2)O) with three different helmets in ...
Shaheen A F - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The scapula locator method has associated intra-observer and inter-observer errors caused by the dependency on the observer to locate the scapular landmarks. The potential effect of the pressures applied by the observer on the measured scapular kinematics when this method is used has also been overlooked so far. The ...
Considine Kiera M - - 2011
Aims:  To assess the contribution of proline biosynthesis to listerial barotolerance. Methods and Results:  Using a L. monocytogenes proBA deletion mutant, incapable of synthesizing proline, together with a proline overproducing strain, the contribution of proline synthesis to listerial barotolerance was determined. The ΔproBA strain does not survive as well as ...
Iff I - - 2011
Twelve healthy cattle (weighing 188-835kg) were placed in stocks and sedated with xylazine. Caudal epidural puncture was performed using an acoustic device that indicated a decrease in resistance with a change in pitch. Lidocaine was injected to verify correct needle placement by assessing needle prick stimuli applied on the left ...
- - 2011
If the patient's breathing circuit becomes disconnected during a high-airway-pressure event, Draeger Medical's Evita series and Savina ventilators may continue to display an "Airway Pressure High" alarm message, rather than appropriately displaying the "Airway Pressure Low" message. This may distract staff from the true hazard, potentially inhibiting or delaying care ...
Topouchian Jirar - - 2011
Four oscillometric devices for self-measurement of blood pressure (SBPM) were evaluated according to the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) international protocol and its 2010 revision in four separate studies. The Omron® M2, Omron M3, and Omron M6 measure blood pressure (BP) at the brachial level, while the Omron R2 measures ...
Krantz Mori J - - 2011
Preventive cardiology has expanded beyond coronary heart disease towards prevention of a broader spectrum of cardiovascular diseases. Ethnic minorities are at proportionately greater risk for developing extracoronary vascular disease including heart failure and cerebrovascular disease. We performed a cross sectional study of Latino and White hypertension patients in a safety-net ...
Shao Li-Yang - - 2010
A novel pressure sensing scheme based on the effect of a conforming elastomer material on the transmission spectrum of tilted fiber Bragg gratings is presented. Lateral pressure on the elastomer increases its contact angle around the circumference of the fiber and strongly perturbs the optical transmission of the grating. Using ...
Flaud Patrice - - 2010
Compressive treatment is recognized as therapy to prevent and treat chronic venous insufficiency. Measurement of the pressure exerted by compression hosiery is important within the context of clinical trials. Different pressure sensors are available, with different performance. This study is a metrological characterization of three interface pressure sensors (Salzmann, Talley, ...
Matsushima M - - 2011
The photoelastic effect is used for stress measurement during endovascular surgery simulation for quantitative evaluation of catheter trajectory in in vitro environments. By extending the capabilities of this sensing technology, its potential for intravascular tools evaluation will increase. In this research the error introduced by stress direction on magnitude measurements ...
Matsushima M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The photoelastic effect is used for stress measurement during endovascular surgery simulation for quantitative evaluation of catheter trajectory in in vitro environments. By extending the capabilities of this sensing technology, its potential for intravascular tools evaluation will increase. METHODS: In this research the error introduced by stress direction on ...
Bonhomme V - - 2011
The Surgical Pleth Index (SPI) is proposed as a means to assess the balance between noxious stimulation and the anti-nociceptive effects of anaesthesia. In this study, we compared SPI, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) as a means of assessing this balance. We studied a standard stimulus [head-holder ...
Bauquier S H - - 2010
Anaesthesia requires maintenance of a patent airway. Nasotracheal intubation of a red kangaroo (Macropus rufus) was performed when the inability to open the animal’s mouth prevented orotracheal intubation. Nasotracheal intubation was easy to perform, secured the airway and permitted delivery of supplemental oxygen, isoflurane and intermittent positive pressure ventilation.
Habibian S - - 2011
Epidural anesthesia is commonly utilized in veterinary medicine to allow diagnostic, obstetrical, and surgical intervention, in the perineal region of domestic animal. The following study was carried out to directly compare the time of onset and duration of anesthesia produced by a tramadol and lidocaine-tramadol combination with that produced by ...
Höglund O V - - 2011
The aim was to investigate if intraoperative registrations of blood pressure and heart rate could be used to estimate surgical trauma. In a prospective clinical trial, registrations in eight dogs neutered by laparoscopic ovariectomy (LOE) were compared with eight dogs subjected to open ovariohysterectomy (OHE). For comparisons phases were used: ...
Singhal S K - - 2010
Background: Laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation are known to cause increase in both arterial blood pressure and heart rate. Several strategies have been evolved to blunt the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation but each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. Esmolol, a cardio selective Beta -1 blocking drug, can alleviate ...
Won Young Ju - - 2010
Several studies have demonstrated that ephedrine shortens the onset time of muscle relaxants, and it does so probably by increasing the cardiac output. However, elevation of the systemic blood pressure through α adrenergic stimulation via ephedrine may affect the onset of muscle relaxants during the induction of anesthesia. We investigated ...
Inoue S - - 2010
Beta-1-receptor blockade reduces heart rate, cardiac output, and arterial pressure while increasing peripheral vascular resistance. It is possible that beta blockers not only inhibit the core-to-peripheral re-distribution of body heat and cutaneous heat loss due to vasodilation after anesthesia induction but also reduce the convective transfer of heat from the ...
Hanna Sherine F - - 2010
To evaluate the effect of propofol (two mg/kg)/remifentanil (4 μg/kg) on intraocular pressure (IOP) when used for rapid-sequence induction. Randomized, double-blinded trial. Ambulatory surgery center. 47 adult, ASA physical status I and II patients (ages 18-75 yrs), undergoing outpatient, elective, nonophthalmologic surgery. After premedication with midazolam (two mg) and glycopyrrolate ...
Alecu C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to establish whether elevated carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (c-fPWV), an indicator of aortic stiffness, assessed before surgery, is correlated with variations in arterial pressure (AP) during induction of anaesthesia in elderly patients undergoing non-cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: c-fPWV was measured with the PulsePen(®) ...
Merlin Mark A - - 2010
A rapid sequence intubation (RSI) method was introduced to a university-based emergency medical services (EMS) system. This is a report of the initial experience with the first 50 patients in a unique, two-tiered, two advanced life support (ALS) providers system. The data were evaluated prospectively after an extensive RSI training ...
Akyuz Umit - - 2010
Sedation is important for the success and quality of endoscopy. We aimed to evaluate the safety of propofol during the endoscopy under supervision of a gastroenterologist without an anesthesiologist. All propofol using endoscopic procedures between January 2004 and December 2008 were evaluated retrospectively. All patients received i.v. propofol plus midazolam ...
Hanci Volkan - - 2010
We designed this study to determine the effect of the menstrual cycle on the hemodynamic response to tracheal intubation (TI). Sixty-two ASA I women who were either in the follicular phase (group F, n = 31) or luteal phase (group L, n = 31) of their menstrual cycle were included ...
Lecoq J-P H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial anaesthesia improves tissue perfusion and tissue oxygen tension. Vasodilation induced by this technique may result in hypotension requiring the administration of vasoactive drugs. The use of peripheral vasoconstrictors might counteract the improved tissue perfusion and its potentially beneficial effects. We therefore investigated the effect of i.v. norepinephrine and ...
Ledowski T - - 2010
Hypotension after spinal anaesthesia is a common and important complication at caesarean delivery. Skin conductance monitoring has been shown to predict post-spinal hypotension in elderly patients and may be a rapid, non-invasive means of predicting risk in the obstetric population. Women having elective caesarean delivery were included in this observational ...
Dutta B - - 2010
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare form of nonspecific obliterative panarteritis of unknown aetiology. Anaesthesia for patients with Takayasu's arteritis is complicated by severe uncontrolled hypertension leading to end-organ dysfunction, stenosis of major blood vessels affecting regional circulation, and difficulties in the monitoring of arterial blood pressure. The anaesthetic approach for ...
Bienert Agnieszka - - 2010
This study evaluates possible circadian rhythms during prolonged propofol infusion in patients in the intensive care unit. Eleven patients were sedated with a constant propofol infusion. The blood samples for the propofol assay were collected every hour during the second day, the third day, and after the termination of the ...
Higashijima U - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of thiamylal and propofol on heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval during anaesthetic induction. We studied 50 patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery. Patients were administered 3 microgxkg(-1) fentanyl and were randomly allocated to receive 5 mgxkg(-1) thiamylal or 1.5 mgxkg(-1) propofol ...
Inoue Satoki - - 2010
Landiolol is a new ultra-short-acting beta 1-selective adrenoreceptor antagonist, which is metabolized rapidly by plasma cholinesterase (PCHE). Metoclopramide has been shown to inhibit PCHE in vitro. Therefore, metoclopramide might prolong beta blocking effects of landiolol and spoil its ultimate-short-acting property. Just before induction of anesthesia, gynecological patients were randomly assigned ...
Sun Yu - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The blind intubation device (BID) was introduced for awake nasotracheal intubation recently. The aim of this study was to compare the cardiovascular responses and associated airway complications of fibreoptic bronchoscope (FOB) with those of BID. The intubation attempts and intubation time were also compared. METHODS: Forty-one ASA ...
Hanci Volkan - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of fentanyl or dexmedetomidine when used in combination with propofol and lidocaine for tracheal intubation without using muscle relaxants. Sixty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists stage I risk were randomized to receive 1 mg/kg dexmedetomidine (Group D, n = ...
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