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Joseph Bellal B From the Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery, Critical Care, and Burns, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, - - 2014
Hypothermia is a known predictor of mortality in trauma patients; however, its impact on organ procurement has not been defined. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of hypothermia on organ procurement. We hypothesized that admission hypothermia impedes successful organ procurement. We performed a 5-year retrospective analysis ...
Pranskunas Andrius A Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str.2, 50009, Kaunas, Lithuania, - - 2014
To assess the effect of whole body heat stress on sublingual microcirculation. Fourteen apparently healthy subjects participated in the study. Passive body heating was performed by immersing the subjects up to the waist in a water bath at 44 °C continuously until a rectally obtained core temperature of 39.5 °C was reached. ...
Zena Lucas A LA Department of Animal Morphology and Physiology, College of Agricultural and Veterinarian Sciences, São Paulo State University, Jaboticabal, São Paulo, 14884-900, Brazil; National Institute of Science and Technology on Comparative Physiology (INCT- Fisiologia - - 2014
For an adequate blood supply to support metabolic demands, vertebrates regulate blood pressure to maintain sufficient perfusion to avoid ischemia and other tissue damage like edema. Using a pharmacological approach (phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside) we investigated baroreflex sensitivity at 15, 25, and 30°C in toads Rhinella schneideri. Baroreflex sensitivity presented ...
Franco-Vidal Valérie V ENT and Skull Base Surgery Department, Bordeaux 2 University Hospital, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Hydrops and abnormalities of inner fluid pressure are involved in some otologic diseases such as Ménière's disease (MD). However, demonstrating abnormal perilymphatic or endolymphatic pressure is challenging. Multifrequency tympanometry studies in MD patients demonstrated an increase of the width of conductance tympanograms (outside an attack) compared with controls. To confirm ...
Fu Bing B Department of Physics, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, 200234, People's Republic of - - 2014
The thermal stabilities and melting behavior of icosahedral nickel clusters under hydrostatic pressure have been studied by constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulation. The potential energy and Lindemann index are calculated. The overall melting temperature exhibits a strong dependence on pressure. The Lindemann index of solid structure before melting varies slowly and ...
Asgar Pour Hossein H Department of Surgical Nursing, Aydin Health School, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effects of fever on the haemodynamic parameters (pulse rate, arterial oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial blood pressure) of patients in a neurosurgical intensive care unit. A prospective, repeated-measures study. This study was performed in the neurosurgical intensive care unit of a ...
Tanabe Natsumi - - 2014
Baroreflex failure syndrome is a rare disorder which causes labile blood pressure, headache, flushing, diaphoresis and emotional lability. It is caused by history of trauma or radiotherapy in the cervical legion, bilateral carotid-body tumor or resection of glossopharyngeal nerve. We experienced a case of hemodialysis patient who had difficulty in ...
Pauw Ruben De RD Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Chemical Engineering (CHIS-IR), Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, - - 2014
The study of radial and axial temperature profiles always has been an area interest both in liquid chromatography (LC) and supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). Whereas in LC always an increase in temperature is observed due to the dominance of viscous heating, in SFC, especially for low modifier content, a decrease ...
Bezacier Lucile L European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38000 Grenoble, - - 2014
High-pressure H2O polymorphs among which ice VI and ice VII are abundant in the interiors of large icy satellites and exo-planets. Knowledge of the elastic properties of these pure H2O ices at high-temperature and high-pressure is thus crucial to decipher the internal structure of icy bodies. In this study we ...
Abramson Evan H - - 2014
Shear viscosities of supercritical nitrogen have been measured in the high-pressure diamond-anvil cell, to 673 K and pressures in excess of 10 GPa, using a rolling-sphere technique. The entire set of data, along with lower pressure data from the literature, can be fit to a two-parameter expression in reduced viscosity ...
Chen Lee Chuin LC Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Yamanashi, 400-8511, Japan, - - 2014
The heating of electrospray ion source under atmospheric pressure is limited to the normal boiling point of the solution. The boiling takes place when the vapor pressure of the liquid at a given temperature equals the ambient pressure. By using a high pressure ESI source, which has been developed previously ...
Zieliński Marcin M a University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn , The Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environment Protection Engineering , Warszawska 117, 10 - 719 Olsztyn , - - 2014
ABSTRACT This paper presents data on methane fermentation of algal biomass containing Cholella Sp. and Scenedesmus Sp. The biomass was obtained from closed-culture photobioreactors. Before the process, the algae were subjected to low temperature and pressure pre-treatment for 0.0 h, 0.5 h, 1.0 h and 2.0 h. The prepared biomass was subjected to mesophilic ...
Das Deya D Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India. - - 2014
The reduction of the diffusion energy barrier for Li in electrodes is one of the required criteria to achieve better performances in Li ion batteries. Using density functional theory based calculations, we report a pressure induced manifold enhancement of Li-kinetics in bulk FCC fullerene. Scanning of the potential energy surface ...
Toro-Funes Natalia - - 2014
Ultra high pressure homogenization (UHPH) is an emerging technology to obtain safe and high-quality liquid foods based on the dynamic application of high pressure. The effect of six UHPH treatments at 200 and 300 MPa with different inlet temperatures (T<sub>) (55, 65 and 75 ºC) on the content of tocopherols, ...
Edwards Trenton T Division of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2014
A fundamental mechanistic understanding of the pressure- and/or temperature-induced facile transformation of the coordination environment of boron is important for changing the physical properties of glass. We have used in situ high-pressure (up to 2 gigapascals) boron-11 solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in combination with ab initio calculations to investigate ...
Wong Vivian V Vivian Wong, PhD, RN, CNS, CWON, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, San Jose State University, San Jose, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to determine whether the interface pressure created when the heel is in contact with the bed surface reduced healthy adults' heel oxygen delivery (transcutaneous oxygen [TcO2]) and raised heel skin temperature. We also determined whether there was a hyperemic response to pressure relief on ...
Lacina D D Institute for Shock Physics and Department of Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164, - - 2014
Liquid nitrogen was subjected to multiple shock compression to examine its response to pressures (15-40 GPa) and temperatures (1800-4000 K) previously unexplored in static and shock compression studies. Raman spectroscopy measurements were used to characterize the molecular bond response and to determine temperatures in the peak state. By extending our ...
Shinozaki Ayako A Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033, - - 2014
Oligomerization of benzene at high pressures up to 16 GPa was investigated at room temperature using an opposed-anvil type pressure apparatus. The recovered samples were analyzed using GC-MS to identify and quantify the products after the high-pressure experiments. Some structural isomers of benzene dimer as well as biphenyl, naphthalene, and ...
Delmas Henri H Université de Toulouse, INP, UPS, LGC (Laboratoire de Génie Chimique), 4 Allée Emile Monso, CS 84234, F-31432 Toulouse, France; CNRS, LGC, F-31432 Toulouse, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
This work aims at investigating for the first time the key sonication (US) parameters: power density (DUS), intensity (IUS), and frequency (FS) - down to audible range, under varied hydrostatic pressure (Ph) and low temperature isothermal conditions (to avoid any thermal effect). The selected application was activated sludge disintegration, a ...
Casalini R R Chemistry Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Code 6120, Washington, D.C. 20375-5342, - - 2014
An equation is derived that expresses the thermodynamic scaling exponent, γ, which superposes relaxation times τ and other measures of molecular mobility determined over a range of temperatures and densities, in terms of static physical quantities. The latter are available in the literature or can be measured at ambient pressure. ...
Reiss Ido I Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Be'er-Sheva 84105, Israel and Physics Department, Nuclear Research Center Negev, POB 9001, Be'er-Sheva 84190, - - 2014
Tangential discontinuities, seen as x-ray edges known as cold fronts (CFs), are ubiquitous in cool-core galaxy clusters. We analyze all 17 deprojected CF thermal profiles found in the literature, including three new CFs we tentatively identify (in clusters A2204 and 2A0335). We discover small but significant thermal pressure drops below ...
Dugrain Vincent V Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, ENS, UPMC, CNRS, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, - - 2014
We describe and characterize a device for alkali vapor pressure modulation on the 100 ms timescale in a single-cell cold atom experiment. Its mechanism is based on optimized heat conduction between a current-modulated alkali dispenser and a heat sink at room temperature. We have studied both the short-term behavior during ...
Dubberke Frithjof H FH Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik und Energietechnik, Universität Paderborn, Warburger Straße 100, 33098 Paderborn, - - 2014
An apparatus for the measurement of the speed of sound based on the pulse-echo technique is presented. It operates up to a temperature of 480 K and a pressure of 125 MPa. After referencing and validating the apparatus with water, it is applied to liquid ammonia between 230 and 410 ...
Wiberg Gustav K H GK Department of Chemistry and Nano-Science Center, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, 2100 Ø Copenhagen, - - 2014
We present a detailed description of the construction and testing of an electrochemical cell allowing measurements at elevated temperature and pressure. The cell consists of a stainless steel pressure vessel containing the electrochemical glass cell exhibiting a three electrode configuration. The design of the working electrode is inspired by conventional ...
Hunt Simon A SA Department of Earth Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United - - 2014
A new multi-anvil deformation apparatus, based on the widely used 6-8 split-cylinder, geometry, has been developed which is capable of deformation experiments at pressures in excess of 18 GPa at room temperature. In 6-8 (Kawai-type) devices eight cubic anvils are used to compress the sample assembly. In our new apparatus two ...
Schuld J J Department of General--, Visceral--, Vascular-- and Paediatric Surgery, University of Saarland, Homburg/Saar, Germany - - - 2014
To compare healthy subjects and patients after total mesorectal excision concerning anal resting--/squeeze pressure and surface--electromyography of the sphincter. 40 patients (9 female/ 31 male) after total mesorectal excision due to low or middle rectal cancer were compared to a sex--, age-- and BMI-- matched group of healthy volunteers by ...
Sun Qijun Q SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT), School of Chemical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 440-746, Republic of Korea; Department of Chemical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
A novel device architecture for preparing a transparent and low-voltage graphene pressure sensor matrix on plastic and rubber substrates is demonstrated. The coplanar gate configuration of the graphene transistor enables a simplified procedure. The resulting devices exhibit excellent device performance, including a high transparency of ∼80% in the visible range, ...
Abou El Ela Amal El Sayeh F AE Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Women Students - Medical Studies and Science Sections , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Abstract The main aim of this work was to develop rectal suppositories for better delivery of metoprolol tartrate (MT). The various bases used were fatty, water soluble and emulsion bases. The physical properties of the prepared suppositories were characterized such as weight variation, hardness, disintegration time, melting range and the ...
Karakoyun Rojbin R *Department of Surgery, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya †Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bozok University, Yozgat ‡Department of Surgery, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, - - 2014
Staple-line leak is a life-threatening complication of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Reinforcement materials have been reported to lower the risk of staple-line bleeding, but their effects on leak risk have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 2 supportive techniques on burst pressures in ...
Bracamonte José L JL Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, - - 2014
To compare bursting strength, construction time, and anastomotic dimensions of 4 jejunoileal anastomotic techniques. Experimental ex vivo study. Adult horses (n = 12). Jejunoileal anastomoses were constructed from harvested ileal and distal jejunal segments using a single-layer Lembert technique (1HS), double-layer simple continuous/Cushing technique (2HS), stapled side-to-side technique (SS), or stapled functional ...
Sturtevant Blake B Los Alamos National Lab., PO Box 1663, MS D429, Los Alamos, NM 87545, - - 2014
Accurate knowledge of a liquid's acoustic properties, such as sound speed as a function of temperature and pressure, is important for both basic and applied science. For basic science, sound speed is important for constraining thermodynamic equations-of-state as well as determining elastic nonlinearity parameters. From an applied perspective, sound speed ...
Johnson David L DL Schlumberger-Doll Res., One Hampshire St., Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2014
Once a borehole is drilled into a rock formation as a potential oil or gas well the environment needs to be characterized by a variety of physical measurements so that e.g. one may know at what depths the hydrocarbon, if any, is located. In this talk I will outline some ...
Paral Jiri J Department of Field Surger, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, University of Defense, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study compared the resistance of glued versus stapled anastomosis of the colon to intraluminal pressures at different times during healing. Forty seven female domestic pigs, mean weight of 30.7 kg, were used. Maximum physiological luminal pressures, i.e. the pressure resisted by a catheter inserted into the intestinal lumen via ...
Wilhelm P P Working Group for Surgical Technology and Training, Clinic for General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, Tübingen University Hospital, Waldhörnlestrasse 22, 72072, Tübingen, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of self-retaining barbed sutures in comparison with monofilament clip-fixated sutures for rectal wall closure in transanal endoscopic microsurgery. Horizontal full-thickness wall defects (3.5 cm) of cattle rectal specimens were closed via transanal endoscopic microsurgery using a monofilament suture with ...
Maran J Prakash JP Department of Food Technology, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode, 638052 Tamil Nadu - - 2014
Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (SC-CO2) of total anthocyanin and phenolic compounds from jamun fruits was investigated using three factors at three levels Box-Behnken response surface design. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of three independent variables (pressure, temperature and co-solvent flow rate) on the maximum extraction yield of anthocyanin ...
Lee H J HJ Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Digestive Disease Research Institute, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
High-resolution manometry (HRM) based on spatiotemporal plots is increasingly being used. The aim this study was to evaluate, for the first time, the influence of gender, with adjustment for age, body mass index (BMI), and vaginal delivery, on anorectal functions in asymptomatic adults. Fifty-four asymptomatic healthy subjects (M : F = 27 : 27; age = 20-67 years) who ...
Ouyang Hao H 0000-0002-3829-9883 Science and Technology on Scramjet Laboratory, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073, - - 2014
The influence of the in-stream pylon and strut on the performance of scramjet combustor was experimentally and numerically investigated. The experiments were conducted with a direct-connect supersonic model combustor equipped with multiple cavities. The entrance parameter of combustor corresponds to scramjet flight Mach number 4.0 with a total temperature of ...
Demirgan Serdar S Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Bagcilar Educational and Training Hospital, Şenlikköy Mah, İncir Sokak, No:1/3, Sarı Konaklar Sitesi, B-Blok, Daire:6, Florya/ Bakırköy, Istanbul, - - 2014
Hypothermia has been used in cardiac surgery for many years for neuroprotection. Mild hypothermia (MH) [body temperature (BT) kept at 32-35°C] has been shown to reduce both mortality and poor neurological outcome in patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study investigated whether patients who were expected to benefit neurologically from ...
Liao Limin L Department of Urology, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Capital Medical University, 100068, Beijing, China, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe typical signal patterns (TSPs) by amplitude and pressure gradients and indicate the role and significance of them in quality control. A total of 582 measurements from a multicenter urodynamic study on males (mean age, 65.3 years) were re-analyzed. Using manual graphical analysis, we ...
Natoudi Maria M First Department of Propaedeutic Surgery, Hippokration Hospital, Athens Medical School Greece, 114 Queen's Sofia Avenue, Athens, - - 2013
Staple line leak, although rare, is among the most common postoperative complications after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and usually occurs in the gastroesophageal (GE) junction. Increased intragastric pressure, regional ischemia, and technical failure of stapling devices have been reported as the main risk factors of postoperative leak. The aim of this ...
Lopez Julio J Department of Surgery, HGZ 35, Mexican Institute for Social Security , Juarez , - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: LigaSure™ was developed as an alternative to suture ligatures, hemoclips and staplers for ligating vessels and tissue bundles. The aim of the present study was to determine whether LigaSure can be used as a welding instrument in the performance of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Material and methods: Gastric specimens ...
Benezech Alban A Hôpital Nord, service de gastroentérologie, Marseille, - - 2013
Three-dimensional high-resolution anorectal manometry (3DHRAM) is a new technique that can simultaneously provide physiological and topographical data of the terminal part of the digestive tract. Our object was to assess whether 3DHRAM is able to reliably diagnose excesive perineal descent diagnosed with conventional defecography, which is considered to be the ...
Nelson Brad B - - 2013
To compare a unidirectional barbed suture (V-Loc™) to its suture material equivalent (Biosyn™) in a single-layer end-to-end anastomosis of equine jejunum. Experimental in vitro study. Jejunal sections from adult horses (n = 5) without gastrointestinal disease. Jejunal end-to-end anastomoses (n = 9) were performed for each group (V-Loc™, Biosyn™) with a continuous Lembert pattern ...
Bouguen G - - 2013
Transcutaneous electrical tibial nerve stimulation (TENS) is of growing interest for the treatment of fecal incontinence (FI), but its mechanism of action remains uninvestigated. We aimed to further assess the anorectal response to TENS in a dynamic model. We performed a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blinded crossover study in 19 patients suffering ...
Gandini Marco - - 2013
To compare 4 techniques for pelvic flexure enterotomy closure in horses. Ex-vivo study. Cadaveric ascending colon specimens (n = 48 horses). Pelvic flexure enterotomies of different lengths (5 cm, 10 cm) were performed and closed with 1 of 4 techniques: handsewn 2 layer (HS2); handsewn 1 layer (HS1); skin staples (SKS); or TA90 stapling ...
Ratuapli S - - 2013
Defecatory disorders can be diagnosed by rectal balloon expulsion (BE) and anorectal manometry, which are traditionally evaluated in the seated and left lateral (LL) positions, respectively. The aims of this study were to compare BE in the LL and seated positions and to compare anorectal manometric parameters to BE performed ...
Emmertsen Katrine J - - 2013
To investigate neorectal properties regarding biomechanical, sensory and postprandial response in patients after TME without neoadjuvant radiotherapy in groups of No and Major LARS patients. Patients with No LARS (n=9) and Major LARS (n=23) were investigated by multimodal rectal stimulation and standard anorectal physiological tests, and results were compared. Patients ...
Otto Susanne D - - 2013
Anorectal manometry is used extensively in the assessment of patients with disorders of the pelvic floor. The present study investigated the repeatability of anorectal manometry in healthy volunteers and patients. A total of 30 healthy volunteers (15 men and 15 women) and 10 patients with fecal incontinence (4 men and ...
Yao Chunyan - - 2013
The relationship between membrane damage, leakage of intracellular compounds, and inactivation of Escherichia coli treated by pressurized CO2 was investigated by assessing the inactivation, bacterial cell membrane permeability, the leakage of protein, nucleic acid, and K(+) and Mg(2+) of E. coli. The results indicated that pressurized CO2 treatment induced the ...
Causey Marlin Wayne - - 2013
Many bariatric surgeons elect to pressure test the newly constructed staple lines in sleeve gastrectomy and duodenal switch procedures as a means of intraoperatively detecting leaks. The pressure tolerance of these fresh staple lines has not been well studied in a clinical setting. This is a retrospective institutional review board-approved ...
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