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Results 351 - 400 of 1808
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Lin Y-D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Our team previously demonstrated arterial stiffening and cardiac hypertrophy in type 2 diabetic rats at 8 but not 4 weeks after being administered streptozotocin (STZ) and nicotinamide (NA). The present study focused on investigating the effects of type 2 diabetes on cardiac autonomic nerve function in the STZ- and ...
Chan Christopher T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In patients with end-stage renal disease receiving conventional hemodialysis, both the frequency with which brief rises or falls in systolic blood pressure initiate concordant changes in pulse interval (arterial baroreflex effectiveness index), and the gain of reflex heart rate responses to these stimuli (arterial baroreflex sensitivity) are diminished. In ...
Zhang Li-Fan - - 2008
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that postsuspension cardiovascular manifestation in conscious rats after a medium-term (28-day) tail suspension (SUS) is hypertensive and tachycardiac and can be prevented by a countermeasure of daily 1-h dorsoventral (-G(x)) gravitation provided by standing (STD). To assess associated changes in cardiovascular regulation, ...
Liu S - - 2008
The aim of the study was to evaluate the therapeutic value and possible mechanisms of transcutaneous electroacupuncture (TEA) in a double-blind and cross-over study in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Twenty-seven patients with FD were enrolled and the study consisted of two parts: (i) acute effects of TEA at PC6 ...
Montano Nicola - - 2009
The neural regulation of circulatory function is mainly effected through the interplay of the sympathetic and vagal outflows. This interaction can be explored by assessing cardiovascular rhythmicity with appropriate spectral methodologies. Spectral analysis of cardiovascular signal variability, and in particular of RR period (heart rate variability, HRV), is a widely ...
Holman Andrew J - - 2008
To consider autonomic status as a predictor of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) treatment response for inflammatory arthritis, we conducted an exploratory, double-blind, 52-week study with 33 patients with rheumatoid (25) or psoriatic (8) arthritis using heart rate variability (HRV). All were assessed for parasympathetic, sympathetic, total power and tension index ...
Harnod Tomor - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify autonomic dysregulation in frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHODS: We studied 14 male and 11 female subjects with FLE and an equal number of matched healthy control subjects. Lead I electrocardiograms were obtained for 5 min in the interictal state during daytime. Frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability ...
Goernig Matthias - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Autonomic regulation analysis is useful in risk stratification of ventricular tachycardia and sudden cardiac death in chronic heart failure (CHF). Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects the condition of autonomic regulation. For analyzing the autonomic control the whole cardiovascular system has to be considered. Therefore, the aim of our study ...
Santarcangelo Enrica L - - 2008
Heart rate and heart-rate variability (HRV) were studied through a set of different methods in high (highs) and low hypnotizable subjects (lows) not receiving any deliberate hypnotic induction in basal conditions (simple relaxation) and during nociceptive-pressor stimulation with and without suggestions of analgesia. ANOVA did not reveal any difference between ...
Pavithran Purushothaman - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It has been well established that hypertension is associated with autonomic dysregulation. Studies investigating HRV have established that hypertension is characterized by sympathetic overactivity and or attenuation of parasympathetic modulation of the heart. METHODS: We examined short-term heart rate variability (HRV) as well as conventional indices of cardiovascular autonomic ...
Alyan Omer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous balloon valvulotomy (PBV) is the procedure of choice for the treatment of valvular pulmonary stenosis (PS) with similar results comparable to surgical valvotomy but less invasive. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients with PS being evaluated for PBV were enrolled in the study. Peak instantaneous transvalvular gradient, right ...
Chang Shyang - - 2008
The aims of this study were to investigate (i) if and when the blood pressure would rise or fall and (ii) the associated changes of human heart rate variability (HRV) by manual stimulation of the Neiguan (PC 6) acupuncture site. In this paper, two groups of six healthy male volunteers ...
Rinne Petteri - - 2008
Melanocyte stimulating hormones (MSH) derived from pro-opiomelanocortin have been demonstrated to participate in the central regulation of cardiovascular functions. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the chronic effects of increased melanocortin activation on blood pressure regulation and autonomic nervous system function. We adapted telemetry to transgenic mice ...
Borghi-Silva Audrey - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of present study was to evaluate the acute effects of bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) on heart rate variability (HRV) of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients (COPD). METHODS: Nineteen males with COPD (69+/-8 years and with forced expiratory volume in 1s <50% of predicted) and eight ...
Hempel R J - - 2009
This study aimed to investigate the effects of treatment with haloperidol, olanzapine and risperidone on cardiovascular variability in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia by means of spectral analysis. Unmedicated patients (n = 18) had a higher mean heart rate and a tendency for a lower high-frequency power of heart rate variability ...
Farr Mary Jane - - 2008
The response to cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) in patients with heart failure (HF) with normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fractions (EFs) is not well characterized. To determine if CPX testing could distinguish between patients with HF with normal EFs (>50%; i.e., diastolic HF) and those with decreased EFs (> or =50%; ...
Otsuka Yasuko - - 2008
To examine the orthostatic influence on heart rate and blood pressure variability in persons with tetraplegia playing wheelchair basketball, ten trained persons with tetraplegia, ten untrained persons with tetraplegia, and ten able-bodied participated in this study. Spectrum analysis of the ECG R-R interval and blood-pressure on a beat-by-beat basis during ...
Cooke William H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that components of heart period variability track autonomic function during simulated hemorrhage in humans. DESIGN: Prospective experimental laboratory intervention. SETTING: Human physiology laboratory. SUBJECTS: A total of 33 healthy, nonsmoking, volunteer subjects (23 men, ten women). INTERVENTIONS: Progressive lower body negative pressure was applied in ...
Studinger Péter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood pressure measurement underestimates pressure changes during baroreflex testing, resulting in an overestimation of baroreflex gain. This error might be reduced by measuring central blood pressure; the invasive measurement, however, may represent ethical and practical problems. The solution may be the derivation of central blood pressure from the ...
Wu Jin-Shang - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the hypothesis that cardiac autonomic function (CAF) is altered in pre-hypertensive subjects and normotensive subjects with a family history of hypertension (FHH). BACKGROUND: The findings on the FHH effect in CAF have been inconsistent, and little is known about altered CAF in pre-hypertensive subjects ...
Wiegerinck Rob F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity of repolarization and conduction is a potential source of arrhythmogenesis. In heart failure (HF), intercellular coupling is reduced and heterogeneities may become evident because of reduced intercellular coupling. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate connexin43 (Cx43) expression, conduction velocity (CV), refractoriness and inducibility of arrhythmias at multiple sites ...
Bettencourt M Joaquina - - 2008
In a previous work we studied, non-invasively, autonomic nervous system control of circulation in healthy subjects, observing the hemodynamic reaction to active standing. We now propose to extend this analysis to essential hypertension (EH), investigating possible autonomic dysfunction. The cardiovascular response to postural change from the supine position to active ...
Liu David S - - 2008
This study attempted to use the eyesight range to quantify presyncope symptoms (PS), assess the relation between angle of head-up tilt, severity of injury on the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scale, and PS on physiological signals, and determine the notable signals that represent PS in spinal cord injury (SCI) ...
Renaud Guillaume - - 2008
To study "non-classical" acoustical nonlinearities in cracked materials, we developed a nonlinear (NL) wave coupling technique. Propagation velocity and amplitude of short high-frequency (HF, 600 kHz) bursts are modulated as result of nonlinear interaction with a low-frequency (LF, 3 kHz) wave. Time Of Flight Modulation (TOFM) is indeed related to ...
Fazan Rubens R - - 2008
Sildenafil induces vasodilation and is used for treating erectile dysfunction. Although its influence on resting heart function appears to be minimal, recent studies suggest that sildenafil can increase sympathetic activity. We therefore tested whether sildenafil injected into the central nervous system alters the autonomic control of the cardiovascular system in ...
Xavier Rita - - 2008
The Valsalva maneuver is an autonomic test that evokes short sharp cardiovascular fluctuations mediated by the autonomic nervous system. Numerous spectral analysis methods have been proposed to analyze biological signals. When applied to heart rate (HR) variability, two major bands related to autonomic influence have been defined: LF (mainly sympathetic) ...
Madsen Line B - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with essential hypertension, in patients with white-coat hypertension and in normotensive control individuals, and to investigate a possible relation between HRV and vasoactive hormones. METHODS: Patients with essential hypertension (n=19, 61 years, median and interquartile ...
Laude Dominique - - 2008
1. Indices quantifying blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) variability have been recently developed and may be used to assess the contribution of the autonomic nervous system to cardiovascular fluctuations. 2. Cardiovascular variables were measured in eight conscious mice equipped with a BP telemetric device. Each recording session was ...
La Rovere Maria Teresa - - 2008
Alterations of the baroreceptor-heart rate reflex (baroreflex sensitivity, BRS) contribute to the reciprocal reduction of parasympathetic activity and increase of sympathetic activity that accompany the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the measurement of the baroreflex is a source of valuable information in the clinical management of cardiac disease ...
Yamada Jiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to clarify whether azelnidipine might have beneficial effects on autonomic functions, and whether such beneficial effects might affect the vascular functions (i.e., arterial stiffness and endothelial function). METHODS AND RESULTS: This study with a cross-over design was conducted in 21 hypertensive patients (65 +/- ...
Makai Attila - - 2008
Premature ventricular contractions (PVC-s) induce baroreflex mediated arterial pressure and heart rate fluctuations. PVC-related RR interval fluctuations detected on Holter ECG recordings could be characterized by the heart rate turbulence (HRT) parameters, including early post-extrasystolic acceleration, described by turbulence onset, and late deceleration, described by turbulence slope (TS). We have ...
Vanapalli S - - 2008
Microminiature pulse tube cryocoolers should operate at a frequency of an order higher than the conventional macro ones because the pulse tube cryocooler operating frequency scales inversely with the square of the pulse tube diameter. In this paper, the design and experiments of a high frequency pressure oscillator is presented ...
Genovesi Simonetta - - 2008
In adults, initial stages of hypertension are associated with elevated sympathetic drive and significant alterations in indirect autonomic markers. There is growing evidence that children in the highest-pressure percentiles will be more likely to develop hypertension in adulthood, although mechanisms are not understood. We assessed whether computer analysis of RR ...
Liu Weiwei - - 2008
The mechanism of human thermal comfort is important for building a comfortable and healthy indoor environment. This paper analyzes human heart rate variability (HRV) at different thermal comfort levels and discusses the mechanism of human thermal comfort. A total of 33 subjects were divided in 3 groups. Under air temperatures ...
Sykora Marek - - 2008
Autonomic nervous system impairment plays an important role in the clinical course of tetanus and is thought to be responsible for life-threatening complications. It is believed to be associated with predominance of sympathetic activity. Direct baroreflex involvement has not yet been reported. We hypothesized that impaired baroreflex may contribute to ...
Joyner Michael J MJ Departments of Anesthesiology and Physiology & Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2008
New ideas about the relative importance of the autonomic nervous system (and especially its sympathetic arm) in long-term blood pressure regulation are emerging. It is well known that mean arterial blood pressure is normally regulated in a fairly narrow range at rest and that blood pressure is also able to ...
Eckberg Dwain L - - 2008
Many cardiovascular models involve prediction of changes that occur when a subject is perturbed in some way, to move from one state to another. A successful, predictive model should involve at least two elements: First, the model should include some index of the intensity of the perturbation that elicits the ...
Madden Kenneth M - - 2008
Although postprandial decreases in blood pressure are a common cause of syncope in the older adult population, the postprandial effects of the oral glucose tolerance test on blood pressure and the arterial baroreflex remain poorly characterized in older adults. Therefore, arterial blood pressure and the arterial baroreflex were studied in ...
Visontai Zsuzsanna - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the parasympathetic cardiovascular regulation, baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in exfoliation syndrome (XFS). METHODS: Heart rate variability indices [standard deviation of all RR intervals (SDNN); the mean of absolute successive differences (RMSSD); the percentage of intervals differing by >50 ms from the preceding interval ...
Guzik Przemyslaw - - 2008
This study was designed to determine whether or not the addition of a single nighttime dose of doxazosin in extended-release form (GITS; gastrointestinal therapeutic system) would affect the autonomic modulation of the cardiovascular system in patients with uncontrolled hypertension treated with a multi-drug regimen. Resting 5-min noninvasive finger blood pressure ...
Kim Y K - - 2008
We tested the effect of 100% oxygen on heart rate (HR), arterial blood pressure (ABP), cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), total peripheral resistance (TPR), HR variability (HRV), systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in 20 healthy volunteers during simulated haemorrhage induced by -40 mmHg lower body ...
Stubhan Miriam - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the normal cardiovascular and ECG parameters in freely moving minipigs and to use these data as the basis of pharmacological drug safety evaluation. METHODS: 7 Göttingen Minipigs were equipped with radiotelemetry transmitters (ITS). Aortic pressure (AP), left ventricular pressure (LVP), lead ...
Kajiura Mitsugu - - 2008
The present investigation is about cardiovascular responses and relevant autonomic function in Swedish and Japanese pubertal children on active standing using non-invasive continuous beat-to-beat finger arterial pressure (FAP) monitoring and power spectral analysis. Examined were 54 Swedish and 57 Japanese children (13-15 years). FAP and heart rate (HR) was continuously ...
Souza Hugo C D - - 2008
This study was conducted in one kidney, one clip (1K1C) Goldblatt hypertensive rats to evaluate vascular and cardiac autonomic control using different approaches: 1) evaluation of the autonomic modulation of heart rate (HR) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) by means of autoregressive power spectral analysis 2) assessment of the cardiac ...
Tsurugi Takuo T The Second Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, - - 2008
We compared, in patients with sick sinus syndrome, the effects of various pacing modes on baroreceptor (BR)-stroke volume (SV) reflex sensitivity, a method we have closely correlated with BR-heart rate (HR) reflex sensitivity. Impaired autonomic nervous function, such as decreased BR-HR reflex sensitivity, predicts sudden cardiac death. However, in patients ...
Berntson Gary G - - 2008
The concept of autonomic balance views autonomic states along a bipolar continuum from sympathetic (S) to parasympathetic (P) dominance, whereas regulatory capacity models emphasize overall autonomic flexibility as a marker of the capacity for regulation. These two concepts were evaluated for their utility in characterizing patterns of autonomic control. Measures ...
Sato Shinichi - - 2008
A reliable basal heart rate (HR) measurement in freely moving newborn mice was accomplished for the first time by using a novel noninvasive piezoelectric transducer (PZT) sensor. The basal HR was approximately 320 beats/min at postnatal day (P)0 and increased with age to approximately 690 beats/min at P14. Contribution of ...
Karas Maria - - 2008
The effect of age on autonomic nervous system was assessed at rest and while standing using systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate, and power spectral analysis of the time duration between 2 consecutive R waves of an electrocardiogram (RR) interval variability, as well as on ...
Jaja S I - - 2008
Autonomic function following change in posture with or without vitamin C supplementation was studied in ten (10) sickle cell anemia (SCA) and twelve (12) non-sickle cell anemia (NSCA) subjects. Arterial blood pressure and electrocardiographic measurements were taken in the supine position on a couch 80cm high and immediately on assumption ...
Sala-Mercado Javier A - - 2008
Dynamic cardiac baroreflex responses are frequently investigated by analyzing the spontaneous reciprocal changes in arterial pressure and heart rate (HR). However, whether the spontaneous baroreflex-induced changes in HR translate into changes in cardiac output (CO) is unknown. In addition, this linkage between changes in HR and changes in CO may ...
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