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Results 301 - 350 of 1841
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Okano Yasuko Y Department of Medical Science and Cardiorenal Medicine, Yokoham City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-Ku, Yokohama City, Japan. - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships between the anti-hypertensive effects, autonomic function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) following treatment of hypertensive subjects with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in hypertensives. Nineteen patients with hypertension were assigned randomly to daily treatment with ARBs. After 16 weeks ...
Tobaldini Eleonora E Laboratorio di Modellistica di Sistemi Complessi, Dipartimento di Tecnologie per Salute, Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via R. Galeazzi 4, 20161 Milan, - - 2009
We validated a symbolic approach to assess autonomic modulation from pulse interval (PI) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) series obtained from an animal model of chronic heart failure (CHF). We studied three groups of rats: controls; CHF animals; CHF animals treated with spironolactone (CHF-SP), reducing sympathetic activity in CHF. Simulations ...
Pfurtscheller Gert - - 2010
Slow oscillations around 0.1 Hz are characteristic features of both the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. Such oscillation have been reported, e.g. in blood pressure, heart rate, EEG and brain oxygenation. Hence, conscious intention of a motor act may occur only as a result of brain activity changes in frontal ...
Koseoglu Emel - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate possible factors affecting interictal cardiovascular autonomic function in temporal lobe epilepsy with complex partial seizures, paying special attention to hippocampal sclerosis. The study was carried out with 88 patients with epilepsy (22 with left hippocampal sclerosis, 22 with right hippocampal sclerosis, and ...
Harrison Joanne L - - 2010
Autonomic dysfunction, hypertension and cardiovascular morbidity in end stage renal disease are critically linked, however there are limited models available to investigate this relationship and develop clinical interventions. This study aimed to define the relationship between hypertension and autonomic function in a new rodent model of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). ...
Lucini Daniela - - 2009
To focus on early cardiac and vascular autonomic dysfunction that might complicate type 1 diabetes mellitus in children, we planned an observational, cross-sectional study in a population of 93 young patients, under insulin treatment, subdivided in 2 age subgroups (children: 11.5+/-0.4 years; adolescents: 19.3+/-0.2 years). Time and frequency domain analysis ...
Masuki Shizue - - 2009
We assessed whether increased cerebral activity suppressed baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) and, if so, whether this occurred prior to the onset of locomotion in daily activity of mice. We measured mean arterial pressure (MAP, arterial catheter), cerebral blood flow in the motor cortex (CBF, laser-Doppler flowmetry), and electroencephalogram ...
Taneyama Chikuni - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that stellate ganglion block can attenuate baroreflex sensitivity. Our primary purpose in this study was to determine whether fractal dynamics (dynamic change of self-similar fluctuation patterns) of not only heart rate but also systolic blood pressure variability are involved in attenuation of baroreflex sensitivity after ...
Pavithran Purushothaman - - 2010
1. Abnormalities of cardiac autonomic regulation are a potential mechanism for morbidity despite blood pressure (BP) lowering in hypertension. Analysis of short-term (5 min) heart rate variability (HRV) provides a non-invasive probe of autonomic regulation of sino-atrial (SA) node automaticity. 2. We hypothesized that antihypertensive drug therapy would be associated ...
ZieliƄski Tomasz - - 2010
POLKARD-HF study was a prospective registry of patients, referred for the heart transplantation. The registry collected data on factors influencing the prognosis of patients. The death or the emergency heart transplantation (UNOS status 1) was assumed as the endpoint in the distant observation. 983 patients (88% men, mean age <50) ...
Karavaev A S - - 2009
We investigate synchronization between the low-frequency oscillations of heart rate and blood pressure having in humans a basic frequency close to 0.1 Hz. A method is proposed for quantitative estimation of synchronization between these oscillating processes based on calculation of relative time of phase synchronization of oscillations. It is shown ...
Song Jun-Gol - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stellate ganglion block (SGB) is performed for the diagnosis and treatment of sympathetic dependent pain in the head, neck and upper limbs. However, the effects of bilateral SGB on cardiovascular and autonomic regulation remain unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of bilateral SGB on ...
Duschek Stefan - - 2009
Chronic low blood pressure is typically accompanied with symptoms such as fatigue, reduced drive, dizziness, headaches and cold limbs. Alterations in autonomic cardiovascular regulation are assumed to be involved in the etiology of this condition, that is, increased baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) as well as reduced sympathetic and augmented parasympathetic influences ...
Sjoberg Nicholas J - - 2010
Heart rate (HR) variability and large arterial compliance can be improved using fish oils. DHA, a component of fish oil, has cardiovascular health benefits, but its effect on HR variability (HRV) and arterial compliance is yet to be quantified. Sixty-seven overweight or obese adults (thirty-six males and thirty-one females; 53 ...
Andrzejewski Waldemar - - 2010
The pressure sensitivity of soft tissues is defined as the slightest pressure causing pain. Sex, movement system illnesses, pain ailments may influence the pressure sensitivity. However, there have been few studies on factors determining the level of pressure sensitivity of skeletal muscles. The authors have determined to study the influence ...
Wustmann Kerstin - - 2009
In patients with drug-resistant hypertension, chronic electric stimulation of the carotid baroreflex is an investigational therapy for blood pressure reduction. We hypothesized that changes in cardiac autonomic regulation can be demonstrated in response to chronic baroreceptor stimulation, and we analyzed the correlation with blood pressure changes. Twenty-one patients with drug-resistant ...
Tzeng Y C - - 2009
Emerging evidence has suggested that with minimal prerequisite training, slow deep breathing around 0.10 Hz can acutely enhance cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in humans. Such reports have led to the speculation that behavioral interventions designed to reduce breathing frequency may serve a therapeutic role in ameliorating depressed baroreflex function in ...
Stevens Sam - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is a significant problem in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and is equally present in early disease stages. Currently, AD in PBC is considered to be central in origin. The aim of this study was to examine peripheral mechanisms in the pathogenesis of AD in PBC using ...
Conte Valeria - - 2009
Anesthesia during asleep-awake craniotomy should provide adequate analgesia and sedation whereas permitting language testing. In this work, we used the analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) to quantify the sympatho-vagal balance and better evaluate patient's stress response during asleep-awake craniotomy. Patients admitted to our hospital for tumor resection with language ...
Milovanovi?? Branislav - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular autonomic modulation is altered in patients with essential hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate acute and long-term effects of amlodipine on cardiovascular autonomic function and haemodynamic status in patients with mild essential hypertension. METHODS: Ninety patients (43 male, mean age 52.12 +/- 10.7) years with mild hypertension were tested before, ...
Karthik S - - 2009
The aim of the study was to investigate the role of spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) for assessing the type and degree of sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) and their link to cardiovascular morbidities in thyroid dysfunctions. Forty-five female subjects (15 control subjects and freshly diagnosed untreated 15 hypothyroid and ...
Lakshmi Vijaya - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of hypothyroidism on the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system by analyzing sympathetic and parasympathetic influences on the heart and the effect of thyroxine replacement. Thirty newly diagnosed female hypothyroid patients with mean age 32.73 +/- 9.98 years were ...
Chaicharn Jarree - - 2009
To quantitatively assess daytime autonomic cardiovascular control in pediatric subjects with and without obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Respiration, R-R intervals, and noninvasive continuous blood pressure were monitored in awake subjects in the supine and standing postures, as well as during cold face stimulation. Sleep disorders laboratory in a hospital ...
Bernardi Luciano - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reactions to music are considered subjective, but previous studies suggested that cardiorespiratory variables increase with faster tempo independent of individual preference. We tested whether compositions characterized by variable emphasis could produce parallel instantaneous cardiovascular/respiratory responses and whether these changes mirrored music profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four young healthy subjects, ...
Shah Dipak P - - 2010
Mechanical pressure applied to a Brockenbrough needle at the fossa ovalis is the standard transseptal puncture technique. Circumstances where the fossa ovalis is thick or aneurysmal can make this method challenging. In this case, we illustrate the use of a radiofrequency powered transseptal needle to cross the fossa ovalis.
Palatini Paolo - - 2009
Autonomic nervous system abnormality, clinically manifested as a hyperkinetic circulation characterized by elevations in heart rate, blood pressure, plasma norepinephrine levels, and cardiac output, has been repeatedly demonstrated in hypertension. Increased release of norepinephrine from the brain has also been described in hypertension, and increased sympathetic activity has been demonstrated ...
Deschamps Alain - - 2009
Because anesthesia affects the integrity of the autonomic nervous system, anesthesiologists use vital signs to maintain respiratory and circulatory homeostasis. However, patients with genetic predispositions or with autonomic dysfunctions are at risk of severe complications from anesthesia. For these patients, the monitoring of vital signs may not give sufficient warning ...
Milic Milos - - 2009
Phenylephrine bolus injection is an established technique to measure baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). This study quantified the relationship between the phenylephrine method and noninvasive measures of BRS and examined the effects of aging and hypertension on BRS. We also examined whether heart rate variability (HRV) provides as much information as does ...
Nilsen K B - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability (HRV) are different in migraine patients compared to healthy controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen female migraine patients without aura aged 18-30 years and 14 age-matched healthy female controls were included. Continuous finger blood pressure and ECG were measured supine ...
Wensel R - - 2009
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) results in chronic right heart failure, which is associated with an increase in sympathetic tone. This may adversely affect cardiac autonomic control. We investigated the changes in cardiac autonomic nervous activity in relation to disease severity in patients with PAH. In 48 patients with PAH (median ...
Sykora Marek - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Perihematomal edema and secondary brain injury may influence the clinical course after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The role of blood pressure (BP) in edema formation in ICH has not been studied sufficiently. We hypothesize that impaired blood pressure regulation (as measured by baroreflex sensitivity) leading to excessive BP fluctuations may ...
Zhang Rong - - 2009
To assess baroreflex function under closed-loop conditions, a new approach was used to generate large and physiological perturbations in arterial pressure. Blood pressure (BP) and R-R interval were recorded continuously in 20 healthy young (33 +/- 8 yr) and eight elderly subjects (66 +/- 6 yr). Repeated squat-stand maneuvers at ...
Kishi Takuya - - 2009
N-type calcium channel blocker, cilnidipine, is reported not to increase the heart rate in spite of the strong depressor effect. However, it has not been determined whether cilnidipine has the sympatho-inhibitory effects or not. Moreover, the effect of cilnidipine on the baroreflex control has not been determined. The aim of ...
Okano Yasuko Y Department of Medical Science and Cardiorenal Medicine, Yokohama City University, Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku,Yokohama City, Japan. - - 2009
We report the relationship between 24-hour (24-h) blood pressure, autonomic function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in normotensives and hypertensives. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship between 24-h blood pressure, autonomic function, and HRQOL during treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) ...
El-Mas Mahmoud M - - 2009
1. Published data concerning the effects of ovarian hormones on haemodynamic variability are contradictory. For the first time, the present study used radiotelemetric haemodynamic monitoring to investigate the long-term effects of chronic oestrogen depletion and repletion on cardiovascular autonomic control and arterial baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in female rats. 2. Blood ...
Fakhri Asghar A AA Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2009
Human controlled-exposure studies have assessed the impact of ambient fine particulate matter on cardiac autonomic function measured by heart rate variability (HRV), but whether these effects are modified by concomitant ozone exposure remains unknown. In this study we assessed the impact of O(3) and particulate matter exposure on HRV in ...
Aubert André E - - 2009
Oscillations of heart rate and blood pressure are related to the activity of the underlying control mechanism. They have been investigated mostly with linear methods in the time and frequency domains. Also, in recent years, many different nonlinear analysis methods have been applied for the evaluation of cardiovascular variability. This ...
Di Rienzo M - - 2009
The aim of this paper is to highlight the aspects of the baroreflex control of the cardiovascular system that could be relevant to the analysis and modelling of cardiovascular oscillations and regulation. In particular, complex and/or controversial issues of the baroreflex control are addressed on the basis of results obtained ...
Metcalf Cameron S - - 2009
PURPOSE: Status epilepticus (SE) activates the autonomic nervous system, increasing sympathetic nervous system control of cardiac function during seizure activity. However, lasting effects of SE on autonomic regulation of the heart, which may contribute to mortality following seizure activity, are unknown. Therefore, autonomic control of cardiac function was assessed following ...
Silva G J J - - 2009
The autonomic nervous system plays an important role in physiological and pathological conditions, and has been extensively evaluated by parametric and non-parametric spectral analysis. To compare the results obtained with fast Fourier transform (FFT) and the autoregressive (AR) method, we performed a comprehensive comparative study using data from humans and ...
Cekici Leyla - - 2009
To investigate short-term effects of inhaled salbutamol on haemodynamic changes and cardiovascular autonomic control. A randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled study of 0.2 mg of inhaled salbutamol was conducted on 12 healthy nonsmoking volunteers with a mean age of 24 +/- 2 years at two different testing sessions. Non-invasively obtained continuous haemodynamic ...
Aletti Federico - - 2009
In order to analyze the information carried by arterial blood pressure (ABP) variability, a multivariate parametric model of interactions involving systolic ABP (SAP), diastolic ABP (DAP), pulse pressure (PP), heart period (HP), and respiration is proposed. The model defines SAP as sum of the preceding DAP and PP values; DAP ...
Tang Xiaorui - - 2009
A consistent and prominent feature, observed across many species, including our neuromuscular blocked (NMB) rat preparation, is that obliterating the baroafferent inputs to the brainstem, e.g., by sinoaortic denervation (SAD), significantly increases blood pressure variability (BPV). The sources of the BPV, however, are not completely understood, but involve both the ...
McConnell Keith - - 2009
We previously demonstrated that children with obstructive sleep apnea have increased blood pressure associated with changes in left ventricular mass index. Others have shown in adults that blood pressure variability is an important predictor of changes in left ventricular mass. The baroreflex system buffers blood pressure changes by varying heart ...
Castiglioni Paolo - - 2009
Heart rate self-affinity is often assessed by detrended fluctuations analysis, obtaining two coefficients only: a short-term (alpha(1)) exponent and a long-term (alpha(2)) exponent. Our aim is to show the limits of this approach and alternatively propose the estimation of the whole spectrum of local exponents alpha(n) for heart rate and ...
Tharion Elizabeth - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability measures are reported to be altered in patients with various diseases, implying related abnormality of cardiac autonomic function. Could associated anxiety-induced mental stress, invariably present in all patients, contribute to these alterations? To address this question, we compared heart rate variability parameters computed from students during ...
Ferretti Guido - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity represents a major risk for cardiovascular disorders, such as hypertension, myocardial infarction or sudden death; however, underlying mechanisms are not clearly elucidated. Clinical and epidemiological investigations suggest, beyond molecular changes, the possibility of an induced impairment in autonomic cardiovascular regulation. However, this hypothesis has not been tested ...
Mulder L J M - - 2009
Adaptive support has the potential to keep the operator optimally motivated, involved, and able to perform a task. In order to use such support, the operator's state has to be determined from physiological parameters and task performance measures. In an environment where the task of an ambulance dispatcher was simulated, ...
Takamoto Kohichi - - 2009
Massotherapy, the therapeutic use of massage, is used to treat various chronic pain syndromes. One type of massotherapy, pressure stimulus applied over trigger points (TPs), is reported to have excellent therapeutic effects. Its effect is possibly mediated through changes in the autonomic nervous system although little research has been conducted ...
Gray Marcus A - - 2009
Central nervous processing of environmental stimuli requires integration of sensory information with ongoing autonomic control of cardiovascular function. Rhythmic feedback of cardiac and baroreceptor activity contributes dynamically to homeostatic autonomic control. We examined how the processing of brief somatosensory stimuli is altered across the cardiac cycle to evoke differential changes ...
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