Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1808
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Isik Ahmet Turan - - 2010
Background: Galantamine, a cholinesterase inhibitor, is used as a first-line drug in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, it may have vagotonic effects, which may cause bradycardia and/or heart block in patients with or without a history of cardiac disease. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Papaioannou Vasilios E - - 2011
The aim of the study was to investigate heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) complexity in patients with weaning failure or success, using both linear and nonlinear techniques. Forty-two surgical patients were enrolled in the study. There were 24 who passed and 18 who failed a weaning trial. Signals ...
Vögele Claus - - 2010
The current study investigated spontaneous anger coping, cardiac autonomic regulation and phasic heart rate responses to anger provocation. Forty-five adolescents (27 female, mean age 14.7 years) attended the single experimental session, which included monitoring of continuous heart rate and blood pressure responses to anger provocation (receiving an unfair offer) using ...
Zamir M - - 2011
Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was applied in eight human subjects to trigger low frequency oscillations in order to study the nature of functional coupling between the hemodynamic and autonomic nervous systems, with particular focus on how the myogenic response fits within this coupling. To this end muscle sympathetic nerve ...
Tan Maw Pin - - 2010
This study sought to improve the currently limited understanding of the pathophysiology of carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH) by comparing autonomic function measured by heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity inpatients with symptomatic CSH and asymptomatic individuals with and without CSH. Twenty-two patients with symptomatic CSH, 18 individuals with asymptomatic ...
Sert Cemil - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV) and other cardiac parameters in individuals who were exposed to a high static magnetic field. 30 healthy male volunteers aged between 20-30 years were included. The searching was divided into three phases: pre-magnetic field, during ...
Pramanik T - - 2010
The study was carried out to evaluate the immediate effect Bhramari pranayama, a slow breathing exercise for 5 minutes on heart rate and blood pressure. Heart rate and blood pressure of volunteers were recorded. The subject was directed to inhale slowly up to the maximum for about 5 seconds and ...
Bluvshtein V - - 2011
Background:Data showing a role for the mid-thoracic spinal cord (SC) in the control of hemodynamic changes is scarce despite existing evidence for its involvement in autonomic regulation.Study design:On the basis of the open label prospective series comparing three groups.Objective:To determine whether the mid-thoracic SC has a role in hemodynamic regulation ...
Botelho-Ono Mayumi S - - 2011
In some pathological conditions such as hypertension, there is an impairment in the autonomic control of blood pressure resulting in changes in baroreflex sensitivity. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that acute superoxide scavenging would restore the reduced baroreflex sensitivity in renovascular hypertension. Male Wistar rats underwent 2-Kidney-1-Clip ...
Schmidt John E - - 2011
Primary palmar-plantar hyperhidrosis is the condition of excessive sweating of the hands and feet. For severe and medically refractory cases, endoscopic thoracic sympathotomy (ETS) is a bilateral ganglion-sparing disconnection between the stellate and T2 ganglion in an effort to minimize compensatory hyperhidrosis. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Na Kyung-Sun - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the dysfunction of autonomic control that may be a contributing factor in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) by showing the short-term heart rate variability in NTG patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newly diagnosed NTG patients and an age-matched normal control group were enrolled ...
Reimann Manja - - 2010
Hypotensive episodes are relatively frequent adverse effects during LDL apheresis. To evaluate the impact of LDL apheresis on autonomic cardiovascular control we investigated hypercholesterolemic patients before and after a single LDL apheresis in comparison to an age-matched control group. We continuously recorded systemic arterial blood pressure, electrocardiogram and respiration in ...
Van den Eynde Frederique - - 2011
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is increasingly used in research. However, cardiac safety is not routinely assessed. This study aims to investigate cardiac safety of rTMS in people with a bulimic eating disorder. Thirty-eight people with a bulimic disorder were enrolled in a randomized sham-controlled trial. High frequency rTMS was ...
Møller Søren - - 2010
Patients with cirrhosis exhibit impaired regulation of the arterial blood pressure, reduced baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), and prolonged QT interval. In addition, a considerable number of patients have a pulmonary dysfunction with hypoxemia, impaired lung diffusing capacity (Dl(CO)), and presence of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). BRS is reduced at exposure to chronic ...
Costa Murillo Frazão de Lima E - - 2010
Congestive heart failure is a pathology that limits the patient's physical function. This study analyzed one patient who was submitted to a cardiac rehabilitation program associated to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), by assessing the results of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and a questionnaire on the quality of life ...
Ayad F - - 2010
To examine the association between cardiac autonomic neuropathy and hypertension and the role of this association in diabetic complications. We included 310 patients, 138 with Type 1 and 172 with Type 2 diabetes, 62 of them with hypertension. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy was assessed by analysing heart rate variations during three ...
Cottin F - - 2010
During exercise, an increase in respiratory rate amplifies the blood pressure oscillations. This phenomenon is usually intensified when exercise rate exceeds the ventilatory thresholds (VTs). The present study examined whether VTs assessment was possible from systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) analysis to give blood pressure ventilatory thresholds (BPVTs). Blood pressure, ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the power and the frequency of low-frequency (LF; 0.04-<0.15 Hz) oscillations in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and R-R interval (RRi) across the continuum of risk of cardiovascular disease, including age. A potential confound in such determinations is low spontaneous breathing frequency in ...
Kempainen Robert R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients commonly use a high-frequency chest-wall compression (HFCWC) device for airway clearance that generates oscillatory flow with a sine-wave configuration. Typical HFCWC settings combine a lower Vest inflation pressure setting (eg, 5 on the Vest's arbitrary 1-10 scale for the setting that controls the background pressure ...
Rabchevsky A G - - 2011
Using a complete transection spinal cord injury (SCI) model at the fourth thoracic vertebral level in adult rats, we evaluated whether blocking noxious stimuli below the injury diminishes abnormal somatic and autonomic motor reflexes, manifested in muscular spasticity and hypertensive autonomic dysreflexia, respectively. Gabapentin (GBP) is well tolerated and currently ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2011
Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in blood pressure (BP) regulation, and large proportion of patients with hypertension have increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic activity. Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a simple non-invasive measurement for investigating autonomic nervous system influence on the cardiovascular system; however, this methodology has not ...
Marthol Harald - - 2010
The time preceding brain death is associated with complex dysregulation including autonomic dysfunction that may compromise organ perfusion, thus inducing final organ failure. In this study, we assessed autonomic function in patients prior to brain death. In 5 patients (2 women, median 60 years, age range 52-75 years) with fatal ...
Laskova I V - - 2010
A total of 105 control operators at the Kursk nuclear power station were studied: 45 after working shifts (study group) and 60 on rest days (reference group). These investigations showed that operators' work shifts had significant influences on the functional state of the nervous system, promoting the appearance or exacerbation ...
Yang Dachun - - 2010
Calcineurin and its downstream effectors nuclear factor of activated T-cells 3 (NFAT3) and zinc finger-containing transcription factor (GATA4) have been implicated in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. The aims of the present study were to investigate alterations in the calcineurin/NFAT3/GATA4 pathway in pressure-overload hypertrophy, and to determine whether adrenergic receptor ...
Yiallourou Stephanie R - - 2010
Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) using spontaneous sequence analysis in the time domain is not fully applicable in infancy, as the time delay for heart period to change (heart period delay, HPD) after an arterial pressure change is unknown. We estimated and compared HPD and BRS in the frequency (BRS(sp), HPD(sp)) and ...
Quint S R - - 2010
Heart rate variability analysis is a dynamic method to estimate the autonomic control over the cardiac cycle. Although dysfunction in this control system may appear spontaneously, other deficits may require provocation of the system. In this article we describe a non-invasive method to perturb the autonomic influences on the cardiac ...
Martinez Jose M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that panic disorder (PD) patients have a heightened or deregulated autonomic nervous system at rest and during autonomic challenge compared with healthy controls (HC); and to test a second hypothesis that severity of illness differentiates patients'; sympathovagal balance both at rest and during orthostatic challenge. ...
Hagensen Mette K - - 2010
It has been suggested that ectothermic vertebrates primarily control blood pressure to protect the pulmonary vasculature from oedema caused by high pressure, while endothermic vertebrates control blood pressure to maintain adequate oxygen delivery to the tissues. In the present study we have characterised how temperature affects the cardiac limb of ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2010
The unique pathophysiology of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) and the involvement of hypertension in its development are only poorly understood. The upregulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has been identified as a key pathologic pathway contributing to fibrosis, cardiomyocyte abnormalities, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction, all of ...
Agiovlasitis Stamatis - - 2010
This study examined whether the autonomic response to passive upright tilt as evidenced by changes in measures of heart rate and blood pressure variability differs between individuals with DS and without DS. Beat-to-beat blood pressure was measured in 26 individuals with Down syndrome (DS) and 11 individuals without DS during ...
Vanderheyden Marc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic monitoring using implantable devices may provide early warning of volume overload in patients with heart failure (HF). This study was designed to prospectively compare information from intrathoracic impedance monitoring and continuous right ventricular pressure measurements in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixteen patients with HF (age, 63.5+/-13.8 ...
Balueva T V - - 2010
In experiments on rats, changes in blood pressure and cardiac output in response to antiorthostatic (head-down) tilt 15° and 45° were examined under conditions of decreased arterial tone induced by sodium nitroprusside. The decrease in initial systemic blood pressure to 90 mm Hg attenuated the pressor responses to antiorthostasis, while ...
Nolan Robert P RP Division of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2010
It is not established whether behavioral interventions add benefit to pharmacological therapy for hypertension. We hypothesized that behavioral neurocardiac training (BNT) with heart rate variability biofeedback would reduce blood pressure further by modifying vagal heart rate modulation during reactivity and recovery from standardized cognitive tasks ("mental stress"). This randomized, controlled ...
Demestiha Theano D - - 2010
Although approximately one million sudden cardiac deaths occur yearly in the US and Europe, cardiac arrest (CA) remains a clinical condition still characterized by a poor prognosis. In an effort to improve the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) technique, the 2005 American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for CPR gave the impedance threshold ...
Nieminen T - - 2010
All the commonly used definitions of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are based on a slope of linear relationship between systolic blood pressure and pulse interval (R-R interval). However, heart rate (HR) and R-R interval bear an inverse non-linear relationship, which distorts determination of BRS when different HR levels are present. We ...
Corino Valentina D A - - 2010
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by desynchronization of atrial electrical activity causing a consequent irregular ventricular response. In AF, the beat-to-beat variation of blood pressure is increased because of variations in filling time and contractility. However, only a few studies have analyzed short-term blood pressure variations in AF, and we ...
Chow Eric Y - - 2010
This paper presents a fully wireless cardiac pressure sensing system. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved medical stents are explored as radiating structures to support simultaneous transcutaneous wireless telemetry and powering. An application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), designed and fabricated using the Texas Instruments 130-nm CMOS process, enables wireless telemetry, remote ...
Eckberg Dwain L - - 2010
Although astronauts' cardiovascular function is normal while they are in space, many have altered haemodynamic responses to standing after they return to Earth, including inordinate tachycardia, orthostatic hypotension, and uncommonly, syncope. Simulated microgravity impairs vagal baroreceptor-cardiac reflex function and causes orthostatic hypotension. Actual microgravity, however, has been shown to either ...
Kutluk Abdugheni - - 2010
This paper proposes a new method of evaluating autonomic nervous activity using the mechanical impedance of arterial walls and heart rate variability. The cardiovascular system is indispensable to life maintenance functions, and homeostasis is maintained by the autonomic nervous system. Accordingly, it is very important to be able to make ...
Sapoznikov Dan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The role of the baroreflex function in the pathogenesis of hemodialysis-associated hypotension is controversial. Complex demodulation technique (CDM), providing continuous assessment of the amplitude of cardiovascular oscillation over time, is particularly suitable to assess dynamic changes in autonomic nervous system and baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) during dialysis. In the present ...
Finucane Ciar?n - - 2010
AIMS: Mayer waves are low frequency blood pressure waves, whose modulation involves central/peripheral baroreflex pathways. Although vasodepressor carotid sinus hypersensitivity (VDCSH) is a common hypotensive disorder in ageing, the mechanism of VDCSH is unknown. We hypothesize that VDCSH is due to impaired baroreflex function and that Mayer wave amplitude and ...
Gmitrov Juraj - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared the effect of static magnetic field (SMF) and verapamil, a potent vascular calcium channel blocking agent, on sudden elevation in blood pressure in conjunction with arterial baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and microcirculation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four experiments were performed on conscious rabbits sedated using pentobarbital intravenous (i.v.) infusion ...
Oka Hisayoshi - - 2010
Several studies have reported that olfactory dysfunction is an early neuropathological manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD). Reduced cardiac meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) uptake may be one of the earliest signs of PD. We studied the relation of olfactory dysfunction to cardiovascular dysautonomia in patients with PD. The study group comprised 66 patients ...
Goldstein David S - - 2010
Olfactory dysfunction and autonomic failure are gaining recognition as nonmotor manifestations of Parkinson disease (PD). This observational study assessed whether in PD anosmia and autonomic failure are related to each other or to neuroimaging evidence of striatal dopamine deficiency. Olfactory function was assessed by the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification ...
Verheyden B - - 2010
Entering weightlessness affects central circulation in humans by enhancing venous return and cardiac output. We tested whether the operational point of neural cardiovascular regulation in space sets accordingly to adopt a level close to that found in the ground-based horizontal position. Heart rate (HR), finger blood and brachial blood pressure ...
Weber Cora Stefanie - - 2010
Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) and delayed blood pressure recovery are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Besides this evident link, the vagus is thought to play an inhibitory role in the regulation of other allostatic systems, including inflammation and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. However, human evidence is scarce. To further ...
Maines Massimiliano - - 2010
AIMS: The aims of this analysis were to assess the agreement between implantable defibrillator (ICD)-measured intrathoracic impedance and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) collected during long-term follow-up, as well as to evaluate whether PCWP measures may improve the performance of the impedance detection algorithm in predicting heart failure (HF) worsening. ...
Carpenter Rosann J - - 2010
Restoration of the sympathovagal (S/V) balance, involving a lowering of sympathetic and/or an augmentation of vagal modulation or a combination of both is associated with improvements in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. To determine whether acupuncture exerts a favorable influence upon resting blood pressure and sympathovagal balance, a single-blind cross-over investigation ...
Iqbal P - - 2010
Introduction. 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) plays an important role in assessing cardiovascular prognosis, through presence or absence of ABPM-related prognostic features. Objectives. To study relationship between 24-hour ABPM and cardiovascular outcomes in patients from Chesterfield Royal Hospital. Material and Methods. Over 12 months from the 1st of August ...
Jíra M - - 2010
Increased blood pressure variability (BPV) and decreased inter-beat interval (heart rate, respectively) variability (IBIV, HRV respectively) are associated with cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of BPV and IBIV (HRV) in young healthy individuals. Blood pressure and inter-beat intervals (instantaneous values of heart rate, ...
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