Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1827
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Chai Norin - - 2010
A 3-yr-old intact female snow leopard (Uncia uncia) was evaluated for progressive apathy, lethargy, and decreased appetite. Cardiac auscultation revealed a left basal grade IV/VI systolic ejection murmur, and an echocardiogram confirmed a severe pulmonic valvular stenosis (pressure gradient of 98 mm Hg). The lesion was managed by balloon valvuloplasty, ...
Suezawa Takanori - - 2010
We developed a new cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) method to minimize myocardial damage during aortic arch reconstruction. In this method, coronary flow and heartbeat were stabilized by maintaining the aortic root pressure with an adjusted preload of the ventricle during aortic cross-clamping. This study was performed to determine the appropriate root ...
Heiss John D JD Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1414, USA. - - 2010
Craniocervical decompression for Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) and syringomyelia has been reported to fail in 10%-40% of patients. The present prospective clinical study was designed to test the hypothesis that in cases in which syringomyelia persists after surgery, craniocervical decompression relieves neither the physiological block at the foramen magnum ...
Al-Hiti H - - 2011
In some patients, heart failure (HF) is associated with increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). The magnitude and the reversibility of PVR elevation affect the HF management. Sildenafil has been recently recognized as potent PVR-lowering drug in HF. The aim of the study was to compare hemodynamic effects and pulmonary selectivity ...
Jain Samay S University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA, USA. - - 2011
In Parkinson's disease (PD), neurodegenerative changes have been observed in autonomic pathways involving multiple organ systems. We explore pupillary and cardiac autonomic measures as physiological manifestations of PD neurodegeneration. Pupil measures (pupillary unrest (spontaneous changes of pupil diameter in darkness), constriction velocity and redilation velocity) were assessed in 35 participants ...
Kumar Gideon P - - 2011
Vascular support structures are important devices for treating valve stenosis. Large populations of patients are treated for valvular disease and the principal mode of treatment is the use of percutaneous valvuloplasty. Stent devices are proving to be imperative in minimally invasive cardiac surgery. This new technology provides highly effective results ...
Fernandes Rômulo Araújo - - 2011
To analyze the association between resting heart rate and blood pressure in male children and adolescents and to identify if this association is mediated by important confounders. Cross-sectional study carried out with 356 male children and adolescents from 8 to 18 years old. Resting heart rate was measured by a ...
Huaringa Armando J - - 2011
We performed this study to determine the pulmonary capillary permeability (PCP) measuring radiolabeled human serum albumin leakage into the lung. The objective was to use PCP to differentiate between cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema etiologies. We conducted this study in 10 patients admitted to the intensive care unit who had ...
Kramer-Johansen Jo - - 2011
During manual chest compressions for cardiac arrest the waveforms of chest compressions are generally sinusoidal, whereas mechanical chest compression devices can have different waveforms, including trapezoidal. We studied the haemodynamic differences of such waveforms in a porcine model of cardiac arrest. Eight domestic pigs (weight 31±3kg) were anaesthetised and instrumented ...
Shibasaki Manabu - - 2011
An estimation of cardiac output can be obtained from arterial pressure waveforms using the Modelflow method. However, whether the assumptions associated with Modelflow calculations are accurate during whole body heating is unknown. This project tested the hypothesis that cardiac output obtained via Modelflow accurately tracks thermodilution-derived cardiac outputs during whole ...
Jagomägi Kersti - - 2011
Non-invasive beat-to-beat mean arterial pressure (MAP) in finger arteries recorded by the differential oscillometric device was compared with MAP recorded invasively from A. radialis in 22 patients after cardiac surgery. Based on all 132 paired measurements, the MAP values measured at the radial artery were 2.7 ± 4.9 mmHg higher than those measured ...
Odenbach Jeffrey J Department of Biochemistry, School of Molecular and Systems Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2011
Development of cardiovascular disease induced by excessive Gq protein-coupled receptor agonist stimulation depends on signaling networks involving multiple matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and metalloproteinase disintegrins (ADAMs). Here, we hypothesized that MMP-2, being a major gelatinase in cardiac and vascular tissue, was likely to play a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis. We ...
Gole Yoann - - 2011
Hyperoxia causes hemodynamic alterations. We hypothesized that cardiovascular and autonomic control changes last beyond the end of hyperoxic period into normoxia. Ten healthy volunteers were randomized to breathe either medical air or 100% oxygen for 45 min in a double-blind study design. Measurements were performed before (baseline) and during gas exposure, ...
del Paso Gustavo A Reyes - - 2010
Baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) is frequently evaluated using the spontaneous sequence method. Many of these studies use the inter-systolic interval (ISI) derived from a blood pressure monitor (e.g., Finapres) as interbeat interval measure instead of the traditionally recommended R-R series derived from the ECG. In this study, we examine possible ...
Kauling Ana Laura Colle AL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. - - 2010
Conscious sedation in the ambulatory setting albeit common is not risk-free. The present study aimed at evaluating the blood pressure, heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation in patients submitted to conscious sedation for upper digestive endoscopy performed by endoscopists. A total of 105 patients of both sexes were selected, aged ...
Ohashi Yayoi Y Department of Anesthesia and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2010
We compared hemodynamic profiles of healthy and mildly preeclamptic pregnant women at term, as well as those of non-pregnant controls, using a new non-invasive cardiac output monitor (NICOM) based on bio-reactance. We studied healthy term pregnant women at term (Preg, n = 10), mildly preeclamptic pregnant women at term (PregPE, ...
Li Zengyong - - 2011
The objective of this study is to assess the blood oxygenation oscillations in the tissue over the sacrum, a high risk area for pressure ulcer, using spectral analysis of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signals based on wavelet transform. A total of twenty subjects were recruited for this study, of which ten ...
Wyller Vegard Bruun VB Department of Pediatrics, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, 0027, Oslo, Norway. - - 2011
Hemodynamic abnormalities have been documented in the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), indicating functional disturbances of the autonomic nervous system responsible for cardiovascular regulation. The aim of this study was to explore blood pressure variability and closed-loop baroreflex function at rest and during mild orthostatic stress in adolescents with CFS. We ...
Sziegoleit W - - 2010
The influences of both being in a supine position for a prolonged period and food intake on cardiovascular variables were studied under clinical-pharmacological test conditions. In a randomized crossover design study without drug or placebo administration, 6 healthy male volunteers received a light standard meal before and during test A ...
Isik Ahmet Turan - - 2010
Background: Galantamine, a cholinesterase inhibitor, is used as a first-line drug in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, it may have vagotonic effects, which may cause bradycardia and/or heart block in patients with or without a history of cardiac disease. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Papaioannou Vasilios E - - 2011
The aim of the study was to investigate heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) complexity in patients with weaning failure or success, using both linear and nonlinear techniques. Forty-two surgical patients were enrolled in the study. There were 24 who passed and 18 who failed a weaning trial. Signals ...
Vögele Claus - - 2010
The current study investigated spontaneous anger coping, cardiac autonomic regulation and phasic heart rate responses to anger provocation. Forty-five adolescents (27 female, mean age 14.7 years) attended the single experimental session, which included monitoring of continuous heart rate and blood pressure responses to anger provocation (receiving an unfair offer) using ...
Zamir M - - 2011
Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was applied in eight human subjects to trigger low frequency oscillations in order to study the nature of functional coupling between the hemodynamic and autonomic nervous systems, with particular focus on how the myogenic response fits within this coupling. To this end muscle sympathetic nerve ...
Tan Maw Pin - - 2010
This study sought to improve the currently limited understanding of the pathophysiology of carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH) by comparing autonomic function measured by heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity inpatients with symptomatic CSH and asymptomatic individuals with and without CSH. Twenty-two patients with symptomatic CSH, 18 individuals with asymptomatic ...
Sert Cemil - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV) and other cardiac parameters in individuals who were exposed to a high static magnetic field. 30 healthy male volunteers aged between 20-30 years were included. The searching was divided into three phases: pre-magnetic field, during ...
Pramanik T - - 2010
The study was carried out to evaluate the immediate effect Bhramari pranayama, a slow breathing exercise for 5 minutes on heart rate and blood pressure. Heart rate and blood pressure of volunteers were recorded. The subject was directed to inhale slowly up to the maximum for about 5 seconds and ...
Bluvshtein V - - 2011
Background:Data showing a role for the mid-thoracic spinal cord (SC) in the control of hemodynamic changes is scarce despite existing evidence for its involvement in autonomic regulation.Study design:On the basis of the open label prospective series comparing three groups.Objective:To determine whether the mid-thoracic SC has a role in hemodynamic regulation ...
Botelho-Ono Mayumi S - - 2011
In some pathological conditions such as hypertension, there is an impairment in the autonomic control of blood pressure resulting in changes in baroreflex sensitivity. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that acute superoxide scavenging would restore the reduced baroreflex sensitivity in renovascular hypertension. Male Wistar rats underwent 2-Kidney-1-Clip ...
Schmidt John E - - 2011
Primary palmar-plantar hyperhidrosis is the condition of excessive sweating of the hands and feet. For severe and medically refractory cases, endoscopic thoracic sympathotomy (ETS) is a bilateral ganglion-sparing disconnection between the stellate and T2 ganglion in an effort to minimize compensatory hyperhidrosis. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Na Kyung-Sun - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the dysfunction of autonomic control that may be a contributing factor in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) by showing the short-term heart rate variability in NTG patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newly diagnosed NTG patients and an age-matched normal control group were enrolled ...
Reimann Manja - - 2010
Hypotensive episodes are relatively frequent adverse effects during LDL apheresis. To evaluate the impact of LDL apheresis on autonomic cardiovascular control we investigated hypercholesterolemic patients before and after a single LDL apheresis in comparison to an age-matched control group. We continuously recorded systemic arterial blood pressure, electrocardiogram and respiration in ...
Van den Eynde Frederique - - 2011
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is increasingly used in research. However, cardiac safety is not routinely assessed. This study aims to investigate cardiac safety of rTMS in people with a bulimic eating disorder. Thirty-eight people with a bulimic disorder were enrolled in a randomized sham-controlled trial. High frequency rTMS was ...
Møller Søren - - 2010
Patients with cirrhosis exhibit impaired regulation of the arterial blood pressure, reduced baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), and prolonged QT interval. In addition, a considerable number of patients have a pulmonary dysfunction with hypoxemia, impaired lung diffusing capacity (Dl(CO)), and presence of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). BRS is reduced at exposure to chronic ...
Costa Murillo Frazão de Lima E - - 2010
Congestive heart failure is a pathology that limits the patient's physical function. This study analyzed one patient who was submitted to a cardiac rehabilitation program associated to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), by assessing the results of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and a questionnaire on the quality of life ...
Ayad F - - 2010
To examine the association between cardiac autonomic neuropathy and hypertension and the role of this association in diabetic complications. We included 310 patients, 138 with Type 1 and 172 with Type 2 diabetes, 62 of them with hypertension. Cardiac autonomic neuropathy was assessed by analysing heart rate variations during three ...
Cottin F - - 2010
During exercise, an increase in respiratory rate amplifies the blood pressure oscillations. This phenomenon is usually intensified when exercise rate exceeds the ventilatory thresholds (VTs). The present study examined whether VTs assessment was possible from systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) analysis to give blood pressure ventilatory thresholds (BPVTs). Blood pressure, ...
Kiviniemi Antti M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the power and the frequency of low-frequency (LF; 0.04-<0.15 Hz) oscillations in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and R-R interval (RRi) across the continuum of risk of cardiovascular disease, including age. A potential confound in such determinations is low spontaneous breathing frequency in ...
Kempainen Robert R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients commonly use a high-frequency chest-wall compression (HFCWC) device for airway clearance that generates oscillatory flow with a sine-wave configuration. Typical HFCWC settings combine a lower Vest inflation pressure setting (eg, 5 on the Vest's arbitrary 1-10 scale for the setting that controls the background pressure ...
Rabchevsky A G - - 2011
Using a complete transection spinal cord injury (SCI) model at the fourth thoracic vertebral level in adult rats, we evaluated whether blocking noxious stimuli below the injury diminishes abnormal somatic and autonomic motor reflexes, manifested in muscular spasticity and hypertensive autonomic dysreflexia, respectively. Gabapentin (GBP) is well tolerated and currently ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2011
Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in blood pressure (BP) regulation, and large proportion of patients with hypertension have increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic activity. Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a simple non-invasive measurement for investigating autonomic nervous system influence on the cardiovascular system; however, this methodology has not ...
Marthol Harald - - 2010
The time preceding brain death is associated with complex dysregulation including autonomic dysfunction that may compromise organ perfusion, thus inducing final organ failure. In this study, we assessed autonomic function in patients prior to brain death. In 5 patients (2 women, median 60 years, age range 52-75 years) with fatal ...
Laskova I V - - 2010
A total of 105 control operators at the Kursk nuclear power station were studied: 45 after working shifts (study group) and 60 on rest days (reference group). These investigations showed that operators' work shifts had significant influences on the functional state of the nervous system, promoting the appearance or exacerbation ...
Yang Dachun - - 2010
Calcineurin and its downstream effectors nuclear factor of activated T-cells 3 (NFAT3) and zinc finger-containing transcription factor (GATA4) have been implicated in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. The aims of the present study were to investigate alterations in the calcineurin/NFAT3/GATA4 pathway in pressure-overload hypertrophy, and to determine whether adrenergic receptor ...
Yiallourou Stephanie R - - 2010
Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) using spontaneous sequence analysis in the time domain is not fully applicable in infancy, as the time delay for heart period to change (heart period delay, HPD) after an arterial pressure change is unknown. We estimated and compared HPD and BRS in the frequency (BRS(sp), HPD(sp)) and ...
Quint S R - - 2010
Heart rate variability analysis is a dynamic method to estimate the autonomic control over the cardiac cycle. Although dysfunction in this control system may appear spontaneously, other deficits may require provocation of the system. In this article we describe a non-invasive method to perturb the autonomic influences on the cardiac ...
Martinez Jose M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that panic disorder (PD) patients have a heightened or deregulated autonomic nervous system at rest and during autonomic challenge compared with healthy controls (HC); and to test a second hypothesis that severity of illness differentiates patients'; sympathovagal balance both at rest and during orthostatic challenge. ...
Hagensen Mette K - - 2010
It has been suggested that ectothermic vertebrates primarily control blood pressure to protect the pulmonary vasculature from oedema caused by high pressure, while endothermic vertebrates control blood pressure to maintain adequate oxygen delivery to the tissues. In the present study we have characterised how temperature affects the cardiac limb of ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2010
The unique pathophysiology of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) and the involvement of hypertension in its development are only poorly understood. The upregulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has been identified as a key pathologic pathway contributing to fibrosis, cardiomyocyte abnormalities, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction, all of ...
Agiovlasitis Stamatis - - 2010
This study examined whether the autonomic response to passive upright tilt as evidenced by changes in measures of heart rate and blood pressure variability differs between individuals with DS and without DS. Beat-to-beat blood pressure was measured in 26 individuals with Down syndrome (DS) and 11 individuals without DS during ...
Vanderheyden Marc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic monitoring using implantable devices may provide early warning of volume overload in patients with heart failure (HF). This study was designed to prospectively compare information from intrathoracic impedance monitoring and continuous right ventricular pressure measurements in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixteen patients with HF (age, 63.5+/-13.8 ...
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