Search Results
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Desai Nagaraj - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Congestive cardiac failure is associated with increased sympathetic activity and impaired baroreflex function. We sought to test the hypothesis that these patients also have blunted response of beat-to-beat QT interval variability during orthostatic challenge. METHODS: We compared beat-to-beat heart rate and QT interval data in 17 patients with congestive ...
Haley Robert W - - 2004
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that subtle abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system underlie the chronic symptoms reported by many Gulf War veterans, such as chronic diarrhea, dizziness, fatigue, and sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Twenty-two ill Gulf War veterans and 19 age-, sex-, and education-matched control veterans underwent measurement of circadian ...
Tanaka M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous baroreflex method allows continuous assessment of cardiovagal reflex function within resting blood pressure, but effects of nitrous oxide, per se, on the spontaneous baroreflex response remain unknown. This study was designed to determine the effects of nitrous oxide on spontaneous baroreflex gain and heart rate variability assessed by ...
Mitsutake Gen - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine whether an artificial magnetic field with an amplitude and frequency equivalent to those of geomagnetic pulsations during geomagnetic storms could affect physiology and psychology. Three healthy volunteers wore anambulatory BP monitor and an ECG recorder around the clock for 12 consecutive weekends ...
Müller J - - 2004
The present study has been designed to investigate physiological effects of short (15 min) exposure to low level energy microwaves (< 10 microW cm(-2)). To this end heart rate, PQ, QS and ST (electrocardiography), respiration (conductive stretch band around the thorax), skin temperature (thermocouple), skin conductance (Ag/AgCl electrodes), systolic and ...
del Paso Gustavo A Reyes - - 2004
Baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) is considered a powerful prognostic factor in cardiovascular health. This study investigated the possibility of modifying the baroreflex cardiac function through biofeedback. Thirty-two psychology students underwent 3 biofeedback sessions, with four 5-min trials each, in which they had to increase and decrease baroreflex function. BRS was assessed ...
Tanaka Makoto - - 2004
A high level of neuroaxial block may produce profound bradycardia and hypotension, possibly as a result of an imbalance between sympathetic and parasympathetic control of heart rate. We designed this study to test the hypothesis that cervical epidural anesthesia would increase the high-frequency (HF) component of heart rate variability (HRV) ...
Sakakibara R - - 2004
A 64 year-old woman developed Raynaud's phenomenon and dry eyes/mouth. Laboratory examination revealed positive Schirmer's test, rheumatoid factor and anti-nuclear antibody, and lymphocytic sialoadenitis on salivary gland biopsy. These features strongly suggested the diagnosis of primary Sjogren's syndrome. Three years later, she gradually developed generalized autonomic failure without apparent sensory ...
Marques-Neves C - - 2004
PURPOSE: Intraocular pressure (IOP) is a measure of the balance between the inflow and outflow of the aqueous humor, being in close relationship with the venous ocular blood flow. But the influence of the autonomic nervous system upon this variable is not well understood. One of the most frequently used ...
Grassi Guido - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether in hypertension and in heart failure the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias is associated with alterations in sympathetic drive and baroreflex function. DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 28 untreated essential hypertensives (age, 53.0 +/- 1.1 years, mean +/- standard error of the mean), 15 without and 13 ...
Hallstrom Alfred P - - 2004
Decreased left ventricular ejection fraction is the most commonly used risk factor for identification of patients at high-risk for lethal ventricular arrhythmic events. Twenty-four-hour electrocardiographic (ECG) approaches to risk stratification include: counts of ventricular premature contractions (VPCs), measures of heart rate variability (HRV), and heart rate turbulence (HRT) which has ...
Nishikimi Toshio - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the final step of production of adrenomedullin (AM), an inactive intermediate form of glycine-extended AM (AM-glycine) is converted to the active mature form of adrenomedullin (AM-mature) by enzymatic amidation. Recent studies have revealed that AM-mature and AM-glycine circulate in human plasma. In this study, we investigated the differences ...
Forsén A - - 2004
AIMS: Prospective studies of autonomic nerve function are rare. We have followed the progression of autonomic dysfunction in relation to nephropathy over 14 years in Type 1 diabetic patients. METHODS: Autonomic nerve function was assessed by heart-rate responses to deep breathing (E/I ratio) and tilting (acceleration and brake indices) and ...
Lucini Daniela - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chronic orthostatic intolerance (COI) is a common and disabling autonomic syndrome of unclear pathophysiology. We tested the hypothesis that baroreflex and autonomic responses to graded lower body suction (LBNP, up to -40 mmHg) could be altered in COI patients. METHODS: Electrocardiogram (ECG), non-invasive arterial blood pressure and respiratory activity ...
Talpalar Adolfo E - - 2004
High pressure (>1.0 MPa) induces the high-pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS) characterized by increased excitability of the CNS and cognitive impairments involving memory disorders. The perforant-path transfer of cortical information to the hippocampal formation is important for memory acquisition. High pressure may alter information transfer in this connection. We used rat ...
Hamner J W - - 2004
We set out to fully examine the frequency domain relationship between arterial pressure and cerebral blood flow. Oscillatory lower body negative pressure (OLBNP) was used to create consistent blood pressure oscillations of varying frequency and amplitude to rigorously test for a frequency- and/or amplitude-dependent relationship between arterial pressure and cerebral ...
Iwasaki Ken-Ichi - - 2004
Adaptation to spaceflight or head-down-tilt bed rest leads to hypovolemia and an apparent abnormality of baroreflex regulation of cardiac period. In a previous study, we demonstrated that both chronic (2 wk) head-down-tilt bed rest and acute induced hypovolemia led to similar impairments in spontaneous baroreflex control of cardiac period, suggesting ...
Chapuis Bruno - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to examine whether a simple linear feedback model of arterial pressure (AP) control by the sympathetic nervous system would be able to reproduce the characteristic features of normal AP variability by using AP and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) data collected in conscious ...
Eitzen Ingrid - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the methodologic challenges related to pressure mapping in seating and to present a new approach to the analysis and interpretation of results: the frequency analysis approach. DESIGN: Pressure mapping was performed on 3 prototypes of a newly developed foam and gel seat cushion. SETTING: Data collection was ...
Landén Mikael - - 2004
Measuring heart rate variability (HRV) is a way to assess the autonomic regulation of the heart. Decreased HRV, indicating reduced parasympathetic tone, has previously been found in depression and anxiety disorders. The objective of this study was to assess HRV in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). To this end, ...
Deschamps Alain - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Epidurals are effective in relieving labor pain but result in a sympathectomy that may compromise maternal hemodynamic stability and fetal perfusion. Decreases in blood pressure and heart rate can be corrected, but markers of autonomic activity would be useful to predict and prevent such changes. The goal of this ...
Sahin I. - - 2004
Background: Many studies have shown that autonomic activation is one of the major factors in the etiology of hypertension. Furthermore, sympathovagal imbalance may be responsible for arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. The aim of the present study was to compare and to evaluate the effects of short-term therapy with amlodipine ...
Penttilä J - - 2004
1 This double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled study on six healthy male volunteers was designed to evaluate the effects of alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonism on cardiac parasympathetic regulation. 2 The subjects received atipamezole intravenously as a three-step infusion, which aimed at steady-state serum concentrations of 10, 30 and 90 ng ml(-1) at 50-min intervals. ...
Westerhof Berend E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test a new method (cross-correlation baroreflex sensitivity, xBRS) for the computation of time-domain baroreflex sensitivity on spontaneous blood pressure and heart interval variability using the EUROBAVAR data set. METHODS: We applied xBRS to the 42 records in the EUROBAVAR data set, obtained from 21 patients in the lying ...
Bouhaddi Malika - - 2004
Loss of autonomic cardiovascular homoeostasis is often suspected in hypertension that has developed after organ transplantation. We serially assessed autonomic cardiovascular control in eight patients in generally good condition who needed cyclosporine (CyA) treatment because of high risk of rejection in corneal transplantation. To this aim, we investigated the patients, ...
Bartels Matthew N - - 2004
Wide variations in respiratory rate and hypoxic stimulation of chemoreceptors may produce unreliable autonomic results in patients with COPD. We studied the reproducibility of two consecutive measurements of heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV) by time frequency analysis in patients with COPD while controlling respiratory rate and ...
Souza Neto Edmundo P - - 2004
This study investigated patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery to evaluate the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on the spontaneous variability of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). Forty-one adult patients receiving different cardiovascular system drugs were included in the study. Patients were divided into three groups: no preoperative ...
Tanaka M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In conscious humans, men have a greater cardiovagal baroreflex gain than women. We studied gender-related differences in baroreflex function during general anaesthesia. METHODS: Sixty healthy patients (30 male and 30 female) were anaesthetized with sevoflurane 2% end-tidal in air and oxygen, and their lungs were mechanically ventilated. We recorded ...
Fathizadeh Payman - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system activity on the heart rate and other hemodynamic variables in acute emergency patients with mild to moderately severe trauma. DESIGN: Clinical study. SETTING: Level 1 university-run trauma service. PATIENTS: Fourteen trauma patients studied immediately after admission to the emergency ...
Penttilä Jani - - 2004
We evaluated the cardiovascular effects of intravenously (i.v.) and buccally administered dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist. Six healthy male subjects were studied unmedicated and after 2 micro g/kg i.v. or buccal doses of dexmedetomidine, using repeated recordings of ECG and blood pressure. Cardiac parasympathetic activity was estimated by measurements of ...
Allan Louise - - 2004
Defaecation syncope is defined as blacking out at, or around, the time of defaecation. It is associated with increased mortality; however, patients rarely voluntarily report symptoms. We have examined autonomic function in a cohort of patients with defaecation syncope. METHODS: We prospectively identified all subjects referred to our unit with ...
Altieri Paolo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to compare the convective treatment modes, on-line hemofiltration (HF) and on-line hemodiafiltration (HDF), regarding cardiovascular tolerance and effects on blood pressure, when applied under similar conditions in stable dialysis patients. METHODS: 39 clinically stable dialysis patients were treated with HD for 6 months ...
Minami Junichi - - 2004
We assessed ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate variability in two female patients with pheochromocytoma. The ambulatory blood pressure and ECG R-R intervals were measured during a 24-h period with a portable recorder before and 3 weeks after surgery. A power-spectral analysis of R-R intervals was performed to obtain the ...
Alijani A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study hypothesized that patients in whom bradycardia and hypotension develop with induction of positive-pressure capnoperitoneum have an underlying autonomic cardiovascular dysfunction. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to examine the baseline autonomic function of patients in whom bradycardia and hypotension develop with induction of positive-pressure capnoperitoneum. The control ...
Fletcher Janine - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We have examined the acute effects (<45 min) of aldosterone antagonism on heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity, markers of cardiac vagal control, in 13 healthy subjects. BACKGROUND: Evidence for the beneficial effects of aldosterone antagonists comes from studies showing increased survival rates following their addition to standard heart ...
Moran Andrew - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is associated with microalbuminuria in young and middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes. We examined this relationship and the potential mediating role of blood pressure in older patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: At least two of three components of cardiovascular autonomic testing were completed by 132 ...
Virtanen R - - 2004
Although pulse pressure (PP), heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) have been shown to predict cardiovascular events and mortality in various populations, their relationships have not been clarified. We examined these associations in two separate population-based samples of healthy middle-aged subjects. In population 1, data were obtained from ...
González Julián J - - 2004
The short-term cardiovascular control system is reviewed from the analysis of the heart rate, respiration and blood pressure beat-to-beat variability signals. The present state of the art concerning fractal and non-linear techniques as applied to the cardiovascular system and the differences between both approaches are highlighted. We present results obtained ...
Bravo Guadalupe - - 2004
The recent developments in the management of spinal cord injury (SCI) have led to a reduction in mortality and in the consequences, resulting from incomplete spinal cord damage in those who survive. In this respect, it is noteworthy that SCI not only results in paraplegia or tetraplegia, but also in ...
Larsen Jakob R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between 18 years of mean HbA(1c) and cardiac autonomic function in type 1 diabetic patients having used intensive insulin treatment. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 39 patients with type 1 diabetes were followed during 18 years, and HbA(1c) was measured yearly. At 18 ...
Bauernschmitt R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Impairment of the baroreceptor reflex activity reflects an alteration of the autonomous regulation of the cardiovascular system and has proven to predict fatal outcome in patients after acute myocardial infarction. The following study was performed to analyse the baroreceptor sensitivity, heart rate variability and blood pressure variability in patients ...
Neki N S - - 2004
Mechanisms that may explain the association between brain-heart connection leading to abnormal heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BVP) resulting into increased morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), are reviewed. Medline search till December, 2001 and articles published in various national and international journals were reviewed. ...
Zöllei Eva - - 2004
In order to characterize autonomic responses to acute volume loss, supine ECG, blood pressure (BP) and uncalibrated breathing signal (UBS) recordings were taken before and after blood donation in 48 healthy volunteers. Time and frequency domain parameters of RR interval (RRI), BP and UBS variability were determined. Baroreflex gain was ...
Hirayanagi Kaname - - 2004
A 14-day, 6 degrees head-down bed rest (HDBR) study was conducted with 12 healthy young men to determine whether there are transient responses of the cardiovascular autonomic regulatory system including cardiovascular, autonomic nervous, and cardiac baroreceptor reflex functions in the acute phases of HDBR and post-HDBR. Compared with the supine ...
Monahan Kevin D - - 2004
Cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) declines with advancing age in healthy men. We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress contributes mechanistically to this age-associated reduction. Eight young (23 +/- 1 yrs, means +/- SE) and seven older (63 +/- 3) healthy men were studied. Cardiovagal BRS was assessed using the modified ...
Laitinen Tomi - - 2004
In elderly subjects, heart rate responses to postural change are attenuated, whereas their vascular responses are augmented. Altered strategy in maintaining blood pressure homeostasis during upright position may result from various cardiovascular changes, including age-related cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction. This exploratory study was conducted to evaluate impact of age on cardiovascular ...
Buch Ashesh N - - 2004
There is substantial animal data suggesting that nitric oxide (NO) has an important role as a modulator of cardiac autonomic control with a net vagotonic and sympatholytic role. Recent human work would support this concept. This study investigated the effects of the NO donor glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) upon measures of ...
Virtanen Irina - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on autonomic cardiac control in respiratory insufficiency in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: A prospective, single-blind study. SUBJECTS: Eighteen postmenopausal women with respiratory insufficiency and eight asymptomatic postmenopausal women with nocturnal hypoxaemia as controls. METHODS: Oral MPA treatment was given at 30 mg ...
Gmitrov Juraj - - 2004
The goal of the present research was try to explain the physiological mechanism for the influence of the geomagnetic field (GMF) disturbance, reflected by the indices of the geomagnetic activity (K, K(p), A(k), and A(p) indices), on cardiovascular regulation. One hundred forty three experimental runs (one daily) comprising 50 min ...
Grandjean Philippe - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether heart function in childhood is affected by exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) from seafood. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of a Faroese birth cohort (N=1022). Examinations at ages 7 and 14 years included blood pressure, heart rate variability (HRV) and its frequency components of autonomic origin, and brainstem ...
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