Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1220
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cheng Haobo - - 2014
The subsurface damages (SSD) of fused silica developed during deterministic small tool polishing are experimentally investigated in this study. A leather pad (i.e., poromeric) is validated to be nearly SSD-free and superior to pitch and polyurethane. Rough abrasives are found to obviously increase SSD depth, and a leather pad can ...
Ji Wu W Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, PR - - 2014
Temporary bowel ligation (TL) has been proposed to prevent contamination as a damage control procedure in multiple bowel perforations. However, bacteria translocation and intestinal ischemia may develop in a prolonged duration. We here hypothesized that intraintestinal drainage combined with temporary ligation (D-TL) would decrease intestinal injury and improve survivals in ...
Roland Bani Chander BC Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA, - - 2014
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a significant and increasingly recognized syndrome. While the development may be multifactorial, impairment of the ileocecal valve (ICV), small bowel motility, and gastric acid secretion have been hypothesized to be risk factors. ICV dysfunction remains largely unexplored using standard technology. The wireless motility capsule ...
Amin Faisal Mohammad FM 1 Danish Headache Centre and Department of Neurology, Glostrup Hospital, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP38) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide are structurally and functionally closely related but show differences in migraine-inducing properties. Mechanisms responsible for the difference in migraine induction are unknown. Here, for the first time, we present a head-to-head comparison study of the immediate and long-lasting observations of the ...
Wilde Lisa L University of Greifswald, Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Center of Drug Absorption and Transport (C_DAT), Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 3, D-17487 Greifswald, - - 2013
Pressure-sensitive dosage forms have been developed that are intended for pulsatile delivery of drugs to the proximal small intestine. The novel dosage forms are composed of insoluble shell and either a hard fat W32 or polyethylene glycol (PEG) 1000 core that are both liquidizing at body temperature. The release is ...
Wilde Lisa L University of Greifswald, Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Center of Drug Absorption and Transport (C_DAT), Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 3, D-17487 Greifswald, - - 2013
The purpose of this work was to develop a new pressure-sensitive dosage form that breaks and releases its content in a fasted stomach at the predominant pressure at the pylorus. The content of the dosage form should be liquid so that the active pharmaceutical ingredient quickly reaches maximum absorption in ...
Maity Chiranjit C Department of Microbiology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721 102, - - 2013
Gastroenterological disorders are very common at hyperbaric conditions. The present study was conducted to find out the impact of gut flora on the gastrointestinal disorders created at such environmental circumstances. For this, male albino rat were exposed to graded hyperbaric pressures (915 and 1277 mmHg) and large intestinal content was ...
Sulemanji Mustafa N - - 2013
The etiology of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains elusive and no definite trigger has been identified. There are no studies to date examining the potential role of closure of the ductus venosus (DV), its effect on increasing portal venous pressure (PVP) and its association to mesenteric venous ischemia in the development ...
Lucas M L - - 2013
Secretory diarrhoeal disease due to enterotoxins is thought to arise from the enhancement to pathologically high rates of normally occurring chloride ion and therefore fluid secretion from enterocytes. In support of this concept, many enterotoxins increase intestinal short-circuit current, regarded now as faithfully reflecting the increased chloride ion secretion. Contradicting ...
Hansen Lane A - - 2013
Objective-To compare leakage and maximum intraluminal pressures of intestinal anastomoses with and without serosal patch supplementation in dogs. Sample-Healthy small intestine segments from cadavers of 2 dogs euthanized for reasons unrelated to the study. Procedures-12 enterectomy constructs were created by anastomosis of intestinal segments with a standard simple continuous suture ...
de Vries Andra - - 2013
The most common cause of malignant hypertension in children is renal or renovascular pathology. The combination with lethargy suggests a diagnosis of hypertensive crisis with hypertensive encephalopathy. Here, we present a case of severe hypertension with lethargy as the sole presenting symptoms of ileocecal intussusception. Both normalized following surgical repositioning. ...
Gayán Elisa E Departamento de Producción Animal y Ciencia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2013
Survival rates of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus after high-pressure treatment in buffers that had large or small reaction volumes (ΔV°), and which therefore underwent large or small changes in pH under pressure, were compared. At a low buffer concentration of 0.005 M, survival was, as expected, better in MOPS ...
Arya Shobhit - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bipolar radiofrequency (RF) induced tissue fusion is believed to have the potential to seal and anastomose intestinal tissue thereby providing an alternative to current techniques which are associated with technical and functional complications. This study examines the mechanical and cellular effects of RF energy and varying compressive pressures when ...
Fekete Szabolcs - - 2012
A possible complication of ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) is related to the effect of pressure and mobile phase velocity on the retention properties of the analytes. In the present work, numerous model compounds have been selected including small molecules, peptides, and proteins (such as monoclonal antibodies). Two instrumental setups ...
Hansen Lane A - - 2012
Objective-To compare leakage and maximum intraluminal pressures for a novel suture material with pressures for comparable suture material when used in closure of intestinal anastomoses in canine cadavers. Sample-Healthy intestines from cadavers of dogs euthanized for reasons unrelated to the study. Procedures-18 anastomoses were performed on intestinal sections within 72 ...
Linz Dominik - - 2012
High intestinal sodium absorption is one mechanism of hypertension and constipation. The sodium-proton-exchanger subtype 3 (NHE3) is an important mediator of sodium absorption in the gut. SAR218034 (SAR) is an orally nonabsorbable specific NHE3 inhibitor. The effect of SAR (1 mg/kg per day in chow) on feces sodium excretion, systolic ...
- - 2012
With political pressure mounting on the use of antimicrobials in animals, vets need to use and be seen to be using these products in the most effective and responsible way. Sessions at this year's BVA Congress examined the issue from a number of different angles. Suzanne Jarvis reports.
Kovalenko Pavlo L PL Dept. of Surgery, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State Univ., Lansing, MI 48912, - - 2012
The influence on mucosal healing of luminal nutrient flow and the forces it creates are poorly understood. We hypothesized that altered deformation and extracellular pressure mediate, in part, the effects of defunctionalization on mucosal healing. We created patent or partially obstructing defunctionalizing jejunal Roux-en-Y anastomoses in rats to investigate mucosal ...
Santini Mario - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the LigaSure device in closing divisions of the small bowel in an ex vivo porcine model. METHODS: Two types of closure were performed: stumps created by "muco-mucosa" fusion and stumps created by "sero-serosa" fusion. For each type of closure, different power levels ...
Peres Marco A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether tooth loss is associated with increased blood pressure among adults after controlling for socioeconomic, health, and lifestyle confounders. We also assessed the interactions between tooth loss and smoking status and tooth loss and age on systolic blood pressure (SBP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study ...
van Bree Sjoerd Hw - - 2012
Postoperative ileus (POI) is characterized by a transient inhibition of coordinated motility of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract after abdominal surgery and leads to increased morbidity and prolonged hospitalization. Currently, intestinal manipulation of the intestine is widely used as a preclinical model of POI. The technique used to manipulate the intestine ...
Suzuki Y - - 2011
This study explored the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the mucosa after tooth extraction. The PPTs of the wounded mucosa of eight volunteer subjects were observed at 7, 30, and 90 days after tooth extraction. The PPTs at 30 days and 90 days were approximately two and three times higher ...
A Bejiqi Ramush - - 2011
We report a case of a child, with a rare form of the idiopathic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, associated with mid-cavity obstruction and high intraventricular peak pressure. Cardiomyopathy, diagnosed antenataly, was followed postnataly and, despite of a lot echocardiographic findings - the growing, development and clinical signs are minimal.
Dunatov Sinisa - - 2011
Primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is caused by hypertensive disease of small penetrating blood vessels in the basal ganglia, brain stem and cerebellum. Those regions are supplied by arteries of the so-called posterior brain circulation with insufficient sympathetic innervation. We propose the following hypothesis: due to insufficient sympathetic innervation hemodynamic changes ...
Moraitis Andreas - - 2011
Primary aldosteronism is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. In the past, screening for primary aldosteronism was offered only in patients with hypertension associated with hypokalemia. Recent studies showed that hypokalemia is seen in only 25% of the patients with primary aldosteronism, which has increased the prevalence of primary ...
Gomes Romina S - - 2010
Childhood hypertension has classically been recognized as a secondary disease. However, primary hypertension also occurs in children. The aim of this study was to compare clinical features of pediatric patients with elevated blood pressure, which were referred to an outpatient tertiary unit, and to detect variables associated with the identification ...
Galleano Monica - - 2010
Fruits and vegetables are key foods whose high ingestion is associated with the improvement of numerous pathological conditions, including hypertension. Such health promoting actions have been increasingly ascribed to the antioxidant characteristics of different polyphenols in fruits and vegetables. Consequently, based on this assumption, many beverages and foods rich in ...
Peter Jan Giso - - 2011
Insomnia has been linked to cardiovascular disease and among these especially hypertension and changes in autonomic function. One marker for cardiovascular risk is baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). We investigate daytime BRS in patients with primary insomnia in order to assess cardiovascular risk. Twenty-one patients (18 females/3 males) with primary insomnia according ...
Ochiai Masayuki - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in the maintenance of vascular tone, contributing to the functional regulation of arterial stiffness. Although oral l-citrulline could become the effective precursor of l-arginine (substrate for endothelial NO synthase) via the l-citrulline/ l-arginine pathway, little is known about the efficacy of l-citrulline application ...
Cabrales Pedro P Department of Bioengineering, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA. - - 2011
Erythrocyte free hemoglobin (Hb) induces vasoconstriction due to nitric oxide (NO) scavenging, limiting the NO available for vascular smooth muscle. The central objective of this study was to restore NO bioavailability using long-lived circulating NO-releasing nanoparticles (NO-np) to reverse the vasoconstriction and hypertension induced by polymerized bovine Hb (PBH) NO ...
Lindman B R - - 2010
Group II pulmonary hypertension (PH) commonly occurs in the setting of a pressure-overloaded left ventricle (LV) which is also conducive to the development of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Population trends and a high prevalence of underlying causative conditions, such as essential hypertension or aortic stenosis, have increased the ...
Doroszko Adrian - - 2011
The aim of this study was to explore the role of selected prostanoids and the nitric oxide (NO) metabolic pathway in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction (ED) in young men with and without essential hypertension (HTN). A total of 70 men aged 18-40 years old (23 hypertensive and 47 normotensive) ...
Cracknell James A - - 2010
During catalysis by hydrogenases, entities no larger than H(2) or H(+) reach and leave a deeply buried active site, by as yet unidentified pathways. Novel experiments, conducted mainly with the membrane-bound [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha, explore why small excess gas pressures (H(2) or He) attenuate the rate of H(2) oxidation.
Bełtowski J - - 2010
Apart from nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) is the third gaseous mediator in mammals. H₂S is synthesized from L-cysteine by cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), or by sequential action of alanine aminotransferase and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase. In the cardiovascular system, H₂S is involved in the ...
Brailoiu G Cristina - - 2010
Accumulating evidence implicates nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) in the control of Ca(2+)-dependent functions. Little, however, is known concerning its role in the vascular endothelium, a major regulator of blood pressure. Here, we show that NAADP acetoxymethyl ester (NAADP-AM), a cell-permeant NAADP analog, increases cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration in aortic ...
Khan Arif-Ullah - - 2011
Achillea millefolium Linn. (Asteraceae) is used in folk medicine for the treatment of overactive cardiovascular and respiratory ailments. This study describes its hypotensive, cardio-depressant, vasodilatory and bronchodilatory activities. The crude extract of Achillea millefolium (Am.Cr) caused a dose-dependent (1-100 mg/kg) fall in arterial blood pressure of rats under anaesthesia. In spontaneously ...
Gentner Nicole J - - 2011
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, including benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), are environmental contaminants formed during organic material combustion (e.g. burning fossil fuels and cigarette smoke). BaP toxicity is mediated, in part, by activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and formation of reactive metabolites, both of which lead to increased oxidative stress. Since air pollution ...
Cervantes-Pérez Luz Graciela - - 2010
The aims of this study were to identify the effect of clofibrate administration in the development of high blood pressure secondary to aortic coarctation (AoCo) and to assess its effect on vascular reactivity. Three experimental groups of rats were used: sham-operated, aortic coarctated vehicle-treated (AoCo-V), and aortic coarctated clofibrate-treated (AoCo-C100). ...
Sessa William C - - 2010
Activation of TRPV1 channels in sensory nerves by capsaicin promotes neuropeptide release, leading to the perception of pain and inflammation. In this issue, Yang et al. (2010) demonstrate that vascular TRPV1 mediates a beneficial effect of capsaicin in the cardiovascular system, promoting nitric oxide release and lowering blood pressure.
Simão Andréa Name Colado - - 2010
To verify the effects of fish oil and soy on nitric oxide (NO) and blood pressure in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). Sixty women with MS were investigated in a parallel randomized design study. The first group maintained their usual diet; the second group received 25 g/day of soy; the ...
Johnson Robert A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock causes hypoperfusion of peripheral tissues and promotes endothelial dysfunction, which may lead to further tissue injury. Trauma increases extrahepatic activity of arginase, an enzyme which competes for l-arginine with nitric oxide synthase, and plays a key role in the development of endothelial dysfunction during aging, hypertension, and ...
Lasker George F - - 2010
It has been reported that sodium nitrite (NaNO2) can act as a storage form of nitric oxide (NO) that can have beneficial pharmacologic actions. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of NaNO2 on erectile function in the rat. The intracavernosal (i.c.) injection of NaNO2 produced dose-related increases ...
Sen Utpal - - 2010
Hyperhomocysteinemia, an increased level of plasma homocysteine, is an independent risk factor for the development of premature arterial fibrosis with peripheral and cerebro-vascular, neurogenic and hypertensive heart disease, coronary occlusion and myocardial infarction, as well as venous thromboembolism. It is reported that hyperhomocysteinemia causes vascular dysfunction by two major routes: ...
Maio Raffaele - - 2012
Aims: Essential hypertension, as well as other established cardiovascular risk factors, is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Hypertensive patients with a nondipper circadian pattern have a greater risk of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular complications in comparison with those with a dipper circadian pattern. In this study, we evaluated the association between nondipper ...
Cabrales Pedro P Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. - - 2010
The current limitations of nitric oxide (NO) delivery systems have stimulated an extraordinary interest in the development of compounds that generate NO in a controlled and sustained manner with a heavy emphasis on the treatment of cardiovascular disease states. This work describes the positive physiological response to the infusion of ...
Tousoulis Dimitris - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a key regulator of arterial blood pressure in humans, and homocysteinemia is associated with increased oxidative stress. It is still unclear whether homocysteine-induced oxidative stress is implicated in the regulation of ET-1 expression. We examined the impact of acute homocysteinemia on endothelial function in hypertensive patients ...
Ast Jarosław - - 2010
Arterial hypertension is one of the most important cardiovascular risk factors, featuring the unsatisfactory efficacy of current therapies. The cardiovascular disease paradigm which assumes a crucial role of the endothelial phenotype in shaping the state of the circulatory system has become increasingly dominant and endothelial dysfunction should be treated as ...
Cipolla Marilyn J - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), a ligand-activated transcription factor expressed in vascular cells, is protective of the vasculature. We hypothesized that activation of PPARgamma could prevent hypertensive remodeling of cerebral arteries and improve vascular function. Ten female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with the nitric oxide ...
Van der Zwan Leonard P - - 2010
Scavenging of the vasodilator nitric oxide by myeloperoxidase activity in the vasculature may contribute to hypertension. Because hydrogen peroxide is a cosubstrate of myeloperoxidase, hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress may strengthen the relationship between myeloperoxidase and blood pressure. We investigated this relationship and its modification by hyperglycemia and oxidative stress in a ...
Zhang Youzuo - - 2010
We previously reported that chicken collagen hydrolysate (CCH) has strong angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity and antihypertensive effects on spontaneously hypertensive rats. Here, we investigated the chronic therapy effects of CCH on blood pressure and vascular relaxation in a cardiovascular damage model of Wistar-Kyoto rats induced by N-nitro-l-arginine ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >