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Results 251 - 300 of 1217
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Miller William H - - 2005
Local adenoviral (Ad)-mediated gene transfer to the carotid artery of the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP) is successful in improving endothelial function. Here we explored the potential of systemic delivery of Ad encoding endothelial nitric oxide synthase (AdeNOS) to prevent elevation of blood pressure in the SHRSP using both nontargeted ...
Woodman Richard J - - 2006
We examined basal forearm microcirculatory blood flow (FBF) using venous occlusive strain-gauge plethysmography in 47 middle-aged men and women [55+/-1 years] with Type 2 diabetes and 15 age-matched healthy individuals [52+/-3 years], all receiving aspirin. Blood flow was also measured following infusion of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine into the brachial artery to inhibit ...
Fontana Fiorella - - 2005
We studied circulating levels of endothelin-1, catecholamines and nitric oxide after a mental arithmetic test in 14 patients with early ischemic lesions of the extremities due to systemic sclerosis and slightly impaired peripheral vascular flow. The test induced an increase (P<0.01) in blood pressure, heart rate, endothelin-1 and catecholamine levels, ...
Sun Yang - - 2005
2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT), which is widely used in explosives, is an important occupational and environmental pollutant. Human exposure to TNT has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular dysfunction, but the mechanism is not well understood. In this study, we examine the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity and blood pressure ...
Juliana Amadu E - - 2005
We present the case of a full term neonate with severe persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) after birth asphyxia cared for at the St. Elizabeth Hospital in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. Although the child was ventilated with high pressures and was given high doses of cardiovascular pressors, the arterial ...
Goy Michael F - - 2005
The nervous system innervates most of the organs in the body, and controls and coordinates their activities. Effective coordination depends on accurate feedback from target organs. Recent studies have identified a target-based feedback mechanism that regulates a simple neural circuit, the cardiac ganglion-a network of nine neurons whose rhythmic bursts ...
Preti Silvio César - - 2005
L-NAME-induced hypertension is characterized by chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis. We have investigated if tempol, an agent mimicking superoxide dismutase might reduce hypertension and the increased vascular reactivity to pressor agents. Rats were divided into: Control, animals receiving L-NAME 50 mg kg(-1)day(-1), tempol 200 mg kg(-1)day(-1) and tempol plus ...
Adding L Christofer - - 2005
1. AZD3582 [4-(nitrooxy)butyl-(2S)-2-(6-methoxy-2-naphthyl)propanoate] is a COX-inhibiting nitric oxide donor that inhibits COX-1 and COX-2. It is as effective as naproxen in models of pain and inflammation, but causes less gastroduodenal damage. Nitric oxide (NO) is generated from AZD3582 in vitro, and this study sought to show that the drug donates ...
Skovgaard Nini - - 2005
The roles that nitric oxide (NO) plays in the cardiovascular system of reptiles are reviewed, with particular emphasis on its effects on central vascular blood flows in the systemic and pulmonary circulations. New data is presented that describes the effects on hemodynamic variables in varanid lizards of exogenously administered NO ...
Westhoff Timm H - - 2005
Several vasoregulatory systems including the renin-angiotensin system, sympathetic vasoregulation, and cytokine release have been studied extensively. The aim of the present study was to establish a physiogenomic screening model for differentially expressed genes in the regulation of blood pressure that might give a hint as to new vasoregulatory mechanisms. We ...
Skovgaard Nini - - 2005
The effects of python neuropeptide gamma (NPgamma) on hemodynamic parameters have been investigated in the anesthetized ball python (Python regius). Bolus intra-arterial injections of synthetic python NPgamma (1-300 pmol kg-1) produced a dose-dependent decrease in systemic arterial blood pressure (Psys) concomitant with increases in systemic vascular conductance (Gsys), total cardiac ...
Schmitt Matthias - - 2005
We demonstrated previously that endogenous NO influences large-artery distensibility in the ovine hindlimb. However, the role of basal NO in larger human conduit arteries is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether basal production of NO, acting locally, influences iliac artery distensibility in humans. Distensibility was assessed ...
Buluc M - - 2005
Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen that causes life-threatening systemic infection in immunocompromised host. However, little is known about the effects of yeast on the cardiovascular functions. This study examined the effects of C. albicans septicemia on the heart and vessel functions and nitric oxide (NO) production in infected rabbits. ...
Balogh Agnes - - 2005
Neopterin is a sensitive marker for diseases involving increased activity of the cellular immune system in humans. Many studies, however, provide evidence for neopterin not only as a marker, but also for its characteristic effects. Recently, we were able to demonstrate a considerable influence of exogenous neopterin at a concentration ...
Saeedi Ramesh - - 2005
The fraction of glucose passing through glycolysis that is oxidized is low in hypertrophied hearts, a pattern of glucose use associated with poor postischemic contractile function. We tested the hypothesis that trimetazidine, a partial 3-ketoacyl coenzyme A thiolase inhibitor, would stimulate glucose oxidation and, thereby, improve fractional glucose oxidation and ...
Takimoto Eiki - - 2005
Cardiac pressure load stimulates hypertrophy, often leading to chamber dilation and dysfunction. ROS contribute to this process. Here we show that uncoupling of nitric oxide synthase-3 (NOS3) plays a major role in pressure load-induced myocardial ROS and consequent chamber remodeling/hypertrophy. Chronic transverse aortic constriction (TAC; for 3 and 9 weeks) ...
Vandebroek L - - 2005
Flammability limits and explosion characteristics of toluene-nitrous oxide mixtures are experimentally determined in an 8l spherical vessel, and are compared with corresponding values of toluene-air mixtures. The experiments, performed at atmospheric pressure and at an initial temperature of 70 degrees C, show that the flammable range of toluene in nitrous ...
Stechmiller Joyce K - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine whether arginine supplementation enhances in vitro (neutrophil burst and mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation) and in vivo (delayed-type hypersensitivity [DTH] and serum nitric oxide) measures of immune function in nursing home elders with pressure ulcers. Twenty-six elders, 65 years of age or older, with ...
Xavier-Vidal Ricardo - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the repair process in rats with experimentally induced arterial hypertension. This study aimed to evaluate lesions in the ventricular myocardium and the repair process during experimental hypertension induced by systemic blockage of nitric oxide using N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME). Nitric oxide is an endothelial vasorelaxing factor ...
Wu Wun-Chin - - 2005
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) plays an important role in the integration of cardiovascular functions. We examined the effect of asphyxia on cardiovascular responses, on sympathetic vertebral nerve activity (VNA) and nitric oxide (NO) formation in the RVLM, on hemodynamics, and on plasma concentrations of catecholamines, blood gas partial pressures ...
Bleeker Michiel W P - - 2005
Deconditioning is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Exercise reduces this risk, possibly by improving the vascular endothelial nitric oxide (NO) pathway. The effect of deconditioning on the NO pathway is largely unknown. This study was designed to assess baseline NO availability in the leg vascular bed after extreme, long-term ...
Bjertnaes Lars J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of a novel, intermittently administered, aerosolized nitric oxide donor, methyl-N-2-dimethylaminoethyl-3-aminoproprionid/nitric oxide (DMDE-NO), on pulmonary hemodynamic responses to sepsis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study in awake sheep. SETTING: Investigational intensive care unit of a university medical center. SUBJECTS: Thirteen instrumented merino ewes weighing 36 +/- 0.9 ...
Liao Yulin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The effects of long-acting calcium channel blockers (CCBs) on pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling are seldom studied in animals. We evaluated the effects of benidipine, a long-acting CCB, on cardiac remodeling. METHODS: Rat neonatal cardiac myocytes were used to examine the influence of benidipine on protein synthesis. Cardiac remodeling was ...
Passauer Jens - - 2005
Current concepts for the explanation of endothelial dysfunction and accelerated atherosclerosis in uremia propose a reduced vascular bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO). The aim of the present study was to test the contributions of NO and NO/prostacyclin (PGI(2))-independent mechanisms to both baseline vascular tone and agonist-induced endothelium-dependent vasodilation in patients ...
Pekalski A A - - 2005
Experimental and theoretical investigation of explosive decomposition of ethylene oxide (EO) at fixed initial experimental parameters (T=100 degrees C, P=4 bar) in a 20-l sphere was conducted. Safety-related parameters, namely the maximum explosion pressure, the maximum rate of pressure rise, and the Kd values, were experimentally determined for pure ethylene ...
Ji Bian-Sheng - - 2005
To investigate whether the amlodipine derivatives, CJX1 and CJX2, have a modulative effect on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function in rat brain microvessel endothelial cells (RBMEC). Isolated RBMEC were cultured in DMEM/F12 (1:1) medium. The amount of intracellular rhodamine (Rh123) was determined, using a fluorescence spectrophotometer, to evaluate the function of P-gp. ...
Fliser D - - 2005
Endothelial dysfunction as a result of reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) plays a central role in the process of atherosclerotic vascular disease. In endothelial cells NO is synthesized from the amino acid l-arginine by the action of the NO synthase (NOS), which can be blocked by endogenous inhibitors such ...
Yoshimura Naoki - - 2005
PURPOSE: Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) therapy is a newly developed strategy designed to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance after the Fontan-type operation. We reviewed our experience to evaluate its efficacy and true indications. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 47 children who received inhaled NO therapy after the Fontan-type operation between August 1996 ...
Augustyniak Robert A - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) is thought to reduce blood pressure by evoking vasodilation either directly by causing relaxation of vascular smooth muscle or indirectly by acting in the rostral brainstem to reduce central sympathetic outflow, which decreases the release of norepinephrine from sympathetic nerve terminals. An increasingly large body of literature ...
Liu Kezhou - - 2005
Nowadays, more and more studies have focused on the physiological and pathological effect of nitric oxide (NO). In this study, we directly measured extracellular NO levels in the hippocampus of rats using NO probe. Simultaneously, the artery blood pressure was recorded. It was found that after the administration of N ...
Yanes Licy - - 2005
The roles of nitric oxide (NO) and plasma renin activity (PRA) in the depressor response to chronic administration of Tempol in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are not clear. The present study was done to determine the effect of 2 wk of Tempol treatment on blood pressure [mean arterial pressure (MAP)], ...
Migneault Annik - - 2005
Although local tissue activation of the endothelin (ET) system contributes to the development of pulmonary hypertension, the impact of isolated chronic plasma hyperendothelinemia on the pulmonary circulation is unknown. METHODS: Mini-osmotic pumps were implanted in rats to deliver ET-1 during 7 or 28 days. After in vivo hemodynamics, the lungs ...
Wilkerson M Keith - - 2005
Elevations in arterial pressure associated with hypertension, microgravity, and prolonged bed rest alter cerebrovascular autoregulation in humans. Using head-down tail suspension (HDT) in rats to induce cephalic fluid shifts and elevate arterial pressure, this study tested the hypothesis that 2-wk HDT enhances cerebral artery vasoconstriction and that an enhanced vasoconstriction ...
Gerová Mária - - 2004
AIM: To search tools of high blood pressure in the model of nitric oxide (NO)-defective hypertension, and the study focused on the effect of rilmenidine, agonist of imidazoline receptors, which was suggested to modulate central sympathetic outflow. METHODS: Three experimental groups, each consisting of 7 rats, were used: (I) rats ...
Kocaturk Pelin A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary study is to investigate the effects of exogenous Endothelin-1 (ET-1) on systolic blood pressure and heart rate as well as on plasma nitric oxide metabolites, malondialdehyde, copper and zinc concentrations and red cell superoxide dismutase and catalase activities. METHODS: Thirty Wistar-Albino male rats, 8-10 ...
Schlaich Markus P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Impaired endothelium-dependent NO-mediated vasodilation is a key feature of essential hypertension and may precede the increase in blood pressure. We investigated whether transport of the NO precursor L-arginine is related to decreased endothelial function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Radiotracer kinetics ([3H]L-arginine) were used to measure forearm and peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Sun Xiaoguang - - 2005
The nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP pathway regulates vascular tone and blood pressure by mechanisms that are incompletely understood. RGS2, a GTPase-activating protein for Gqalpha that is critical for blood pressure homeostasis, has been suggested to serve as an effector of the NO-cGMP pathway that promotes vascular relaxation based on studies of ...
Rafikova Olga - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are promising blood substitutes because of their chemical inertness and unparalleled ability to transport and upload O2 and CO2. Here, we report that PFC emulsions also efficiently absorb and transport nitric oxide (NO). METHODS AND RESULTS: Accumulation of NO and O2 in PFC micelles results in rapid ...
Pierce Christine M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension had elevated levels of asymmetric dimethyl arginine, an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, and symmetric dimethyl arginine, a regioisomer. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: A 10-bed neonatal intensive care unit in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Forty five infants ...
van Bel Frank - - 2005
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) involves inflammatory processes, causing an increased expression of inducible heme oxygenase with subsequent production of carbon monoxide (CO). We hypothesized that increased production of CO during RDS might be responsible for increased plasma levels of vasodilatory cGMP and, consequently, low blood pressure observed in infants ...
Chen Luni - - 2004
Inhalation of nitric oxide (NO) improved arterial oxygenation and enabled the reduction of inspired oxygen therapy and airway pressure support in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). In addition, chest radiography showed decreased spread or density of lung infiltrates, and the physiological effects remained after termination of inhaled NO ...
Galli Gina L J - - 2005
Incubation of heat-denatured plasma from the rattlesnake Crotalus atrox with trypsin generated a bradykinin (BK) that contained two amino acid substitutions (Arg1 --> Val and Ser6 --> Thr) compared with mammalian BK. Bolus intra-arterial injections of synthetic rattlesnake BK (0.01-10 nmol/kg) into the anesthetized rattlesnake, Crotalus durissus terrificus, produced a ...
Zhang Cuihua - - 2004
One characteristic of hypertension is a decreased endothelium-dependent nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation; however, the underlying mechanism is complex. In endothelial cells (ECs), L-arginine is the substrate for both NO synthase (NOS) and arginase. Because arginase has recently been shown to modulate NO-mediated dilation of coronary arterioles by reducing l-arginine availability, ...
Schlaich Markus P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether beta-adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilatation is altered in early hypertension and whether it can be modulated by L-arginine. METHODS AND DESIGN: We measured changes in forearm blood flow by plethysmography in response to acetylcholine (9 and 37 microg/min), sodium nitroprusside (200 and 800 ng/min) and the beta-receptor agonist, ...
Gokce Noyan - - 2004
Hypertension is a major healthcare problem afflicting nearly 50 million individuals in the United States. Despite its strong causal association with cardiovascular disease complications including myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke, the majority of patients with hypertension do not achieve optimal blood pressure control. The prevalence of hypertension is expected ...
Dhawan Vivek - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy is associated with profound alterations in the cardiovascular system, the long-term effects of which are unknown. Human epidemiological studies suggest that multiparity (multiple pregnancies) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms underlying these findings remain to be elucidated. The objective of this study was to determine the ...
Chong Chee Fui - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Surgical preparation of coronary conduits may affect early and long-term patency through endothelial and smooth muscle injury. We investigated the effect of hydrostatic distention on the in vitro endothelial function and contractile properties of the human radial artery. METHODS: Human radial arteries were harvested and distended to physiologic pressure ...
Sercombe Richard - - 2004
We examined the effects of acute hyperglycemia on the function of rabbit cerebral arteries in vitro. It was hypothesized that increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) could occur, which could explain how hyperglycemia aggravates certain pathologic situations such as cerebral ischemia. Three-millimeter basilar artery segments were incubated in either ...
Lockwood Jennifer M - - 2005
In normally active individuals, postexercise hypotension after a single bout of aerobic exercise occurs due to an unexplained peripheral vasodilation. Prostaglandin production has been suggested to contribute to the increases in blood flow during and after exercise; however, its potential contribution to postexercise hypotension has not been assessed. The purpose ...
Consolim-Colombo Fernanda M - - 2004
Endothelium may be damaged, especially at the coronary microcirculation, in animal models of Chagas' disease by several mechanisms. Endothelial dysfunction has been reported in chronic Chagas' heart disease patients with heart failure. Nevertheless, peripheral endothelial function has never been studied in patients with Chagas' heart disease without heart failure and ...
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