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Results 401 - 450 of 2148
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Schroeder Christoph - - 2004
BACKGROUND: St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a popular over-the-counter antidepressant. Its antidepressive effect has been attributed in part to inhibition of monoamine transporters and monoamine oxidase, on the basis of in vitro studies. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study, 16 healthy subjects (11 men and 5 women; ...
Schmieder Roland E - - 2004
Telmisartan is an angiotensin-II receptor blocker that has demonstrated efficacy in the reduction of blood pressure in patients with hypertension. Patients with hypertension commonly require two or more antihypertensives to reduce their blood pressure to safe levels, and the choice of combination therapy should be informed by clinical trial data. ...
Punzi H A - - 2004
This was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled multicenter, titration-to-effect study of eprosartan in patients > or =60 years of age with isolated systolic hypertension. The study consisted of a 3 to 5-week placebo run-in period, a 13-week double-blind treatment period (6-week titration with eprosartan 600-1200 mg/day, 3-week maintenance, 4-week combination therapy ...
Ibsen Hans - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine a possible relationship between baseline albuminuria and effect of losartan versus atenolol on cardiovascular (CV) events in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, the effect of losartan versus atenolol on albuminuria, and whether the benefits of losartan versus atenolol could be explained by influence of losartan on ...
Pulcrano M - - 2004
Herein we report on a young girl with recurrent, functioning paraganglioma of the organ of Zuckerkandl and severe and sustained arterial hypertension (systolic pressure >200, diastolic pressure >120 mmHg); with evidence of cardiac damage induced by chronic cathecolamine excess. She promptly and steadily improved after the institution of doxazosin (6 ...
Marre Michel - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To test whether microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension is primarily dependent on the severity of hypertension, and to compare the effectiveness of two antihypertensive drugs with opposite effects on the renin-angiotensin system [the diuretic, indapamide sustained release (SR), and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, enalapril] in ...
Uchida Haruhito H Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, - - 2004
The current guideline-recommended blood pressure values are difficult to maintain in general practice, partly due to the lack of ideal anti-hypertensive agents. Since morning hypertension has a high correlation with cardiovascular events, expectations that telmisartan, a long-acting angiotensin-II type-1 receptor blocker (ARB), can improve cardiovascular mortality are high. In this ...
Najjar Samer F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This is the first blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of poly-N-acetyl glucosamine (p-GLcNAc) in improving hemostasis in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to have either a placebo-treated (n = 17) or a p-GlcNAc-treated (n = 16) 3 x 3-cm patch topically ...
Terpstra Willem F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of the calcium channel blocker amlodipine and the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril on intima-media thickness (IMT) in elderly, previously untreated hypertensive individuals. DESIGN: A double-blind randomized parallel-group trial (the ELVERA trial). PATIENTS: The study population comprised 166 newly diagnosed hypertensive individuals (aged 60-75 years) with ...
Kumbasar B - - 2004
Valsartan is a strong angiotensin receptor inhibitor specific for the angiotensin I receptor, which has been proven safe and well-tolerated in clinical trials. We were able to confirm its safety and tolerability in a case of high-dose exposure to valsartan with suicidal intention. A 25-year-old, fully conscious, female patient was ...
Persky Adam M - - 2004
AIMS: Recent reports have called into question the safety of ephedra supplements especially with regards to their cardiovascular effects. The purpose of this analysis was to characterize, via pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modelling, the cardiovascular effects of ephedrine, the main active ingredient of ephedra, in apparently healthy, overweight volunteers. METHODS: In a randomized, ...
Sica Domenic A - - 2004
This study evaluated the antihypertensive efficacy and tolerability of a chronotherapeutic formulation of propranolol designed for nighttime dosing (propranolol controlled release [CR]). A total of 434 patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension were randomized to placebo or to one of four doses of propranolol CR (80, 120, 160, or 640 mg/d). At ...
Malacco Ettore - - 2004
The efficacy and tolerability of the combination of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) were compared with that of amlodipine in reducing ambulatory blood pressure and plasma norepinephrine levels in patients with mild to moderate hypertension and at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor. At the end of a 2-week washout period, 92 ...
Mion Décio D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The use of low-dose amlodipine has not yet been well established in the elderly. This study therefore aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of low-dose amlodipine in elderly patients with Joint National Committee VI stage I or II hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five hypertensive individuals (aged 66.3 +/- ...
Calvo Carlos C Hypertension and Vascular Risk Unit, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago de Compostela, Madrid, - - 2004
This trial investigated and compared the antihypertensive efficacy of telmisartan and valsartan, two angiotensin II receptor blockers, used in monotherapy at their maximum recommended dose in hypertensive patients. We studied 70 subjects (32 men and 38 women) aged 47.6 +/- 12.2 (mean +/- SD) years, with mild to moderate essential ...
Christ B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Sildenafil may provide an effective treatment for erectile dysfunction, frequently observed in uremic patients and after kidney transplantation. Pharmacokinetic interactions between sildenafil and tacrolimus are to be expected due to a common elimination pathway via cytochrome P450 3A4. Therefore, the pharmacokinetics during combined use of these agents were studied ...
Joshi Shashank R - - 2004
AIM: The study was conducted to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of fixed dose combination (FDC) of Losartan and Ramipril in the management of mild to moderate hypertensive Native Asian Indian patients with associated diabetes mellitus. The secondary objective was to evaluate the efficacy of the combination in reducing microalbuminuria. MATERIAL ...
Pathak Lekha - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of 2.5 mg of S-Amlodipine with 5 mg of Amlodipine in the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension in a double blind, double dummy, randomized, comparative clinical trial. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Two hundred OPD patients (97 women and 103 men) with mean age ...
Chrysant Steven G - - 2004
Most patients with hypertension require more than one agent to control blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of the angiotensin II receptor blocker olmesartan medoxomil in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). This was a randomized, double-blind, factorial design study. After a placebo ...
le Poole Caatje Y - - 2004
Standard glucose-based peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions have unfavorable effects on the peritoneum and contribute to metabolic abnormalities. A PD regimen in which solutions with an alternative osmotic agent (icodextrin, amino acids) and solutions with a bicarbonate/lactate buffer are combined may reduce those effects. In a prospective crossover study, we randomized ...
Misra Mukul - - 2004
Hypertensive emergency is a common problem requiring an effective, safe and easily administrable agent to reduce the blood pressure. Favorable data on injectable enalaprilat have been reported from the West but no Indian study has been done in such settings. We studied 10 patients (5 male, 5 female), with mean ...
Ofor Okezie O - - 2004
A combination of low-dose oral enalapril, methyldopa and hydrochlorothiazide was evaluated in the acute treatment of severe hypertension. Blood pressure moved from an average 210/120 mmHg at the onset to an average 135/79 mmHg within 24 hours, without any significant side effects and at about half the cost of commonly ...
Ekbom Tord - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To perform a subgroup analysis on those patients in STOP-Hypertension-2 who had isolated systolic hypertension. DESIGN AND METHODS: The STOP-Hypertension-2 study evaluated cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in elderly hypertensives comparing treatment with conventional drugs (diuretics, beta-blockers) with that of newer ones [angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, calcium antagonists]. In all, ...
Park J W - - 2004
Endothelial dysfunction of precapillary arterioles impairs nutritional microcirculation at rest as well as during post-ischemic reactive hyperemia. In this monocentric, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized cross-over study we investigated the acute effect of 50 mg sildenafil, a selective PDE-5 inhibitor, on resting and post-ischemic capillary circulation in twenty patients with angiographically ...
Stumpe Klaus O - - 2004
Drugs that block the renin-angiotensin system represent one of the most significant therapeutic interventions available for the treatment of hypertension. The angiotensin II receptor antagonists (AIIRAs), also known as sartans, are one such class of drugs that block the effects of angiotensin II by antagonizing the angiotensin II type 1 ...
Galzerano D D Department of Cardiology, San Gennaro Hospital, Naples, Italy. - - 2004
Antihypertensive efficacy, effects on left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and tolerability of telmisartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, were compared with those of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). Adult patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension and an optimal acoustic window by two-dimensional echocardiography were randomised at baseline to 12 months' double-blind, once-daily treatment with telmisartan ...
Gilles Rozemarie R Department of Clinical Pharmacology, St George Hospital, UNSW, Kogarah NSW 2217, - - 2004
The functional existence of angiotensin type 2 (AT2) receptors in healthy humans is uncertain. A double-blind, randomized, crossover study was performed comparing forearm vascular responses to intrabrachial arterial PD123319 (a selective AT2 receptor antagonist, 10 microg/min) in healthy young, non-smoking volunteers following 1 week of telmisartan therapy (40-80 mg once ...
Franco Roberto J S - - 2003
Most hypertensive patients need more than one drug to reach recommended blood-pressure targets. We investigated the effects on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) of the angiotensin-receptor blocker, valsartan, in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), compared with the calcium-channel blocker amlodipine in a Brazilian population in a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel group, ...
Grassi Guido - - 2003
The objective of this 12-week double-blind randomized multicentre study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of nebivolol, a recently developed beta-blocking agent with vasodilating properties, to the classical beta-blocker atenolol. After a placebo run-in phase, 205 mild-to-moderate middle-age essential hypertensives were randomized to either nebivolol 5 mg daily (n ...
Friedrich Matthias G MG Helios-Klinikum Berlin, Humboldt Univeritat Berlin, Berlin, 13125, Germany. - - 2003
The Telmisartan Effectiveness on Left ventricular MAss Reduction (TELMAR) trial will assess the effect of the angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blocker, telmisartan, on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) compared with the b-blocker, metoprolol, at similar antihypertensive doses. The rationale is that antihypertensives reduce LVH, a cardiac adaptation to pressure overload, ...
Gil-Extremera B B Department of Internal Medicine, San Cecilio Hospital, Granada, - - 2003
This prospective, double-blind, randomised, parallel-group, multicentre study assessed the adjunctive effect of telmisartan monotherapy versus placebo in controlling blood pressure during the last six hours of the 24-hour dosing period. After a two-week run-in phase, 375 patients with essential hypertension uncontrolled on existing therapy were randomised to either placebo or ...
Manzo Bruce A - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine patient satisfaction with and tolerability of a conversion from a long-acting calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, to felodipine. Secondary objectives were to compare the effect of the change on blood pressure and heart rate and the economic impact of the change. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Veterans Affairs ...
Millar-Craig M - - 2003
This randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel group, multicentre study compared the efficacy and tolerability of lercanidipine with lacidipine. Elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension (supine blood pressure >/=160/<95 mmHg) were enrolled and underwent a placebo run-in period of 14-27 days before random allocation to lercanidipine tablets 10 mg once daily (n=111) ...
Gaudio Carlo - - 2003
The aim of this study was to comparatively assess the effects of irbesartan and amlodipine monotherapies on left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in patients with mild to moderate untreated hypertension and echocardiographically determined left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Sixty hypertensive patients (35 men, 25 women; mean age, 52.8 years +/- 12.6) ...
Ingino C C Hospital Militar Central, Buenos Aires, - - 2003
This open-label, multicentre, multinational trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of telmisartan used alone or as add-on therapy in 2121 adults with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension. Patients received telmisartan 40-80 mg once daily for 12 weeks and could participate in the study for up to 96 weeks, or until a marketed ...
Crowe Alexander V - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that high doses of angiotensin II receptor antagonists (AIIAs) may reduce proteinuria by a non-haemodynamic action additional to their effect on systemic blood pressure. METHODS: We tested this for the AIIA losartan using a prospective single-blind randomized design in patients with proteinuria (>1 g/24 h) ...
Li Y - - 2003
The antihypertensive efficacy and tolerability of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and losartan monotherapy as initial treatment were compared in a double-blind trial in Chinese patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. Patients were randomised to initial treatment with either losartan/HCTZ (50 mg/12.5 mg) or losartan alone (50 mg). The doses were doubled ...
Pedrinelli Roberto - - 2003
AIMS: To compare the effect of amlodipine, a prototype dihydropyridine calcium-channel blocker with lercanidipine, a newer dihydropyridine compound with lipophilic properties, on dependent oedema generation and interference with skin blood flow vasomotion in hypertensive patients. DESIGN: Single-blind, sequence-randomized, cross-over comparison of amlodipine and lercanidipine. Drugs were given at equipotent doses ...
Buranakitjaroen Peera - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rilmenidine is an antihypertensive agent that selectively binds to imidazoline I1 receptor located in the brainstem and kidney. It acts both centrally by reducing sympathetic overactivity and in the kidney by decreasing water and sodium overload. This dual action leads to the immediate and delayed control of blood pressure ...
Schutte Aletta E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Finometer (FMS, Finapres Measurement Systems, Arnhem, Netherlands), which is the improved successor of the Finapres (TNO Biomedical Instrumentation, Amsterdam, Netherlands), measures finger arterial blood pressure non-invasively and computes other cardiovascular parameters from the computed aortic-flow waveform. The usability of the Finometer would depend on whether it is sensitive ...
Howes J B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether dietary supplementation with isoflavones from red clover affected ambulatory blood pressure and forearm vascular endothelial function in postmenopausal type 2 diabetic women. DESIGN: Sixteen postmenopausal type 2 diabetics treated with diet or oral hypoglycaemic therapy completed a randomized double-blind crossover ...
Iino Yasuhiko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Insufficiency of renal function and high blood pressure influence each other and eventually result in life-threatening endstage renal disease. It has been proposed that proteinuria per se is a determinant of the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The therapeutic strategy for patients with proteinuric CKD and hypertension should ...
Põder Pentti - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the pharmacodynamic interactions and safety of the co-administration of the calcium sensitizer levosimendan and the calcium antagonist felodipine in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and with normal ejection fraction (EF). METHODS: The study was a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 24 ...
Piha J - - 2003
Centrally acting (moxonidine) and peripherally acting (metoprolol) sympatholytic agents might have different actions upon penile circulation in hypertensive men with erectile dysfunction. A total of 11 nonsmoking, hypertensive but otherwise healthy men with erectile dysfunction were studied after 8 weeks on moxonidine monotherapy (0.4 mg per day, increased to 0.6 ...
Ohtsuka Sadanori - - 2003
The long-term effects of amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker, were examined in patients with moderate to severe hypertension. Eighteen never-treated patients with moderate to severe essential hypertension (49 +/- 8 years) were studied. In all patients, forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured by plethysmography before and 6 months after amlodipine ...
Neutel J M JM Orange County Heart Institute & Research Center, Orange, CA 92868, USA. - - 2003
The objective of this prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded-end point parallel-group, multicentre study was to show that telmisartan 80 mg is not inferior to a fixed-dose combination of losartan 50 mg/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. The criterion for noninferiority was a treatment difference of < or =3.0 ...
Okin Peter M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and regression of ECG LVH may predict improved prognosis in hypertensive patients. However, uncertainty persists as to how best to regress ECG LVH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Regression of ECG LVH with losartan versus atenolol therapy was assessed in 9193 ...
Sofuoglu Mehmet - - 2003
Preclinical studies suggested that combination of naltrexone and isradipine may be useful for the treatment of cocaine addiction. This study examined whether naltrexone and isradipine, alone or in combination, would attenuate the subjective and physiological effects of cocaine in humans. Seven cocaine users participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled inpatient ...
Fogari Roberto - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of benazepril and amlodipine in monotherapy versus in combination with plasma t-PA and PAI-1 activity in hypertensive type-2 diabetic patients. METHODS: After an initial 6-week wash-out, single-blind placebo period, 38 patients, 17 men and 21 females, were randomly assigned ...
Laurent Stéphane - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the safety and efficacy of the very-low-dose combination of perindopril 2 mg and indapamide 0.625 mg (Per2/Ind0.625) in essential hypertension, in relation to blood pressure control and target-organ damage. STUDY SELECTION: We included in this review several double-blind, randomized studies in hypertensive patients, including five main studies ...
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