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Drechsler A - - 2010
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 71-year-old patient with a superficial carcinoma of the urinary bladder and high risk of recurrence was treated with intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) after transurethral resection. As a complication of the catheterization during BCG-instillation therapy the patient suffered from tuberculosis. The patient received a ...
van den Bogaard Bas - - 2010
Flavanol-rich cocoa products have been reported to lower blood pressure. It has been suggested that theobromine is partially responsible for this effect. We tested whether consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa drinks with natural or added theobromine could lower peripheral and central blood pressure. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled 3-period crossover trial we ...
Jones-Burton Charlotte - - 2010
The renin inhibitor MK-8141 (ACT-077825) demonstrates substantial immunoreactive active renin (ir-AR) increase (sevenfold) without a persistent plasma renin activity (PRA) decrease. The present study assessed the antihypertensive efficacy of MK-8141 in hypertensive patients. In this double-blind, placebo- and active comparator-controlled study, 195 patients with hypertension (trough sitting diastolic blood pressure ...
Malekzadeh F - - 2010
Our objective was to investigate the effects and tolerability of fixed-dose combination therapy on blood pressure and LDL in adults without elevated blood pressure or lipid levels. This was a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial in residents of Kalaleh, Golestan, Iran. Following an 8-week placebo run-in period, 475 participants, aged 50 ...
Ried Karin - - 2010
To assess the effect, tolerability and acceptability of aged garlic extract as an adjunct treatment to existing antihypertensive medication in patients with treated, but uncontrolled, hypertension. A double-blind parallel randomised placebo-controlled trial involving 50 patients whose routine clinical records in general practice documented treated but uncontrolled hypertension. The active treatment ...
Kim Younmi - - 2010
This study evaluated how the Hypertension Disease Management Program (HDMP) affects patient's blood pressure, knowledge, health behaviors, and use of medical services. Evaluation was performed by 2 measures, which were before and after comparison within the management group (n = 210) and comparison between the management group and control group ...
Kario Kazuomi - - 2010
To study the impact of the dosing time of an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) titrated by self-measured home blood pressure (HBP) on cardiorenal damage in hypertensives. We conducted an open-label multicenter trial, the J-TOP study, that enrolled 450 hypertensives with self-measured systolic HBP more than 135 mmHg. The study ...
Nakamura Tsukasa T Department of Medicine, Shinmatsudo Central General Hospital, Chiba, - - 2010
Blocking the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with angiotensin receptor blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors protects against renal injury in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to compare the chronic effects of telmisartan and enalapril on proteinuria, urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) and endothelin (ET)-1 ...
Ambrosioni Ettore - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Systolic hypertension is very common in the elderly and is strongly associated with the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The control of systolic hypertension is difficult and most patients require combination antihypertensive therapy. Few data are available regarding the efficacy of angiotensin II receptor antagonists on systolic hypertension ...
Meng Yanyan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to compare the effects of a combination therapy with amlodipine and fosinopril administered concomitantly or at different times on blood pressure and circadian blood pressure pattern in subjects with essential hypertension. METHODS: 40 subjects with grade 1-2 essential hypertension and uncontrolled blood pressure ...
Derosa Giuseppe - - 2010
Therapies that lower blood pressure or lipid levels slow the progression of atherosclerosis, and reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with hypertension or atherosclerotic disease. A combination tablet containing both amlodipine besylate and atorvastatin calcium has recently been approved for the treatment of hypertension and dyslipidemia in a growing number ...
Ahrens K - - 2010
Patients with moderate to severe hypertension frequently require>or=2 antihypertensives to achieve blood pressure (BP) control. The combination telmisartan/amlodipine is especially suitable for the treatment of severely hypertensive, high-risk patients, because it offers a substantial and sustained 24-h BP-lowering effect and is well tolerated in a range of patients with hypertension, ...
Judd Suzanne E SE Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, United States. - - 2010
Vitamin D has been reported to lower blood pressure in vivo by regulating the renin-angiotensin system; however, there are limited clinical studies to support this finding in humans. We investigated the effect of vitamin D treatment on hypertension in a three-arm randomized placebo controlled pilot and feasibility study. We tested ...
Boutouyrie Pierre - - 2010
The beta-blocker atenolol is less effective than angiotensin-receptor blockers and calcium-channel blockers for reducing central blood pressure (BP). The trial was designed to determine whether the advantages of angiotensin-receptor blockers over atenolol remained significant when both were combined with the calcium-channel blocker amlodipine. A prospective, randomized, blinded endpoint (PROBE design) ...
Hazan Lydie - - 2010
The current study investigated the efficacy and safety of olmesartan medoxomil in children with hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure measured at or above the 95th percentile (90th percentile for patients with diabetes, glomerular kidney disease, or family history of hypertension) for age, gender, and height while off any antihypertensive ...
Lindauer A - - 2010
A pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) study of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib was conducted in 12 healthy volunteers using blood pressure and circulating biomarker levels as PD markers. Blood pressure was measured, and plasma concentration-time courses of sunitinib, its major metabolite SU12662, vascular endothelial growth factors VEGF-A and VEGF-C, and soluble VEGF ...
Kjeldsen Sverre E SE Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevaal, Oslo, Norway. - - 2010
Control of elevated blood pressure has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. The angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), telmisartan, has been shown to provide effective 24-hour blood pressure control. Additional antihypertensive efficacy can be achieved by combining telmisartan with the thiazide diuretic hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). To review the ...
Komura Satoru - - 2010
The efficacy of antiarrhythmic drugs in terminating sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (SMVT) was assessed in a retrospective manner to provide a basis for recommending their use. The 90 patients were included in this study to evaluate the efficacy to terminate SMVT using procainamide or lidocaine. All patients were alert and ...
Mehlsen Jesper - - 2011
Purpose:  Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by morphological changes in the retina secondary to disturbances in retinal blood flow. It has been shown that antihypertensive treatment has a protective effect on the development of diabetic retinopathy, and evidence suggests that inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system have a protective effect beyond the ...
Yamada Hirotsugu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Low-dose thiazide or thiazide-like diuretics have proven useful for the management of blood pressure in patients older than 65 years (elderly group). However, there are few reports about the antihypertensive effects of antihypertensive diuretic agents in patients younger than 65 years (middle-aged group). So, we evaluated the efficacy of ...
Abe M M Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2010
We evaluated the changes in the blood pressure and urinary protein excretion in poorly controlled hypertensive and proteinuric patients with mild to moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD) after switching from the high-dose angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) to a combination of normal-dose telmisartan (40 mg) and low-dose hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ; 12.5 mg). ...
Racine N - - 2010
The impact of an ARB, with or without hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), on glycaemic factors and the risk for developing diabetes in hypertensive patients with the metabolic syndrome have not been fully assessed. This was a 52-week multicentre, prospective, phase-IV, open-label, cohort study of losartan or losartan/HCTZ in hypertensive patients with metabolic ...
Jauhiainen T - - 2010
The milk casein-derived biologically active tripeptides, isoleucyl-prolyl-proline (Ile-Pro-Pro) and valyl-prolyl-proline (Val-Pro-Pro), have documented antihypertensive effect probably related to reduced angiotensin formation. It has been suggested that these tripeptides may reduce arterial stiffness and improve endothelial function. Our aim was to evaluate whether the milk-based drink containing Ile-Pro-Pro and Val-Pro-Pro influence ...
Nakamura Tsukasa - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We examined the effects of 2 calcium channel blockers, benidipine (T-, L-, and N-type) and amlodipine (L- and N-type), on renal, inflammatory, oxidative, and atherosclerosis markers in hypertensive patients with mild chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Forty hypertensive patients with CKD were assigned randomly to either of the 2 ...
McFadden Kristina L - - 2010
Acupressure, a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment, uses fingertips, rather than needles, to stimulate acupoints on the skin and has been implicated as a successful treatment for a variety of medical disorders. However, acupressure's underlying mechanisms remain unclear. One theory is that acupoint stimulation modulates autonomic nervous system activity. ...
Modaghegh Mohammad-Hadi Saeed - - 2010
Using (Sequential) intermittent pneumatic compression (SIPC) is one of the most appropriate nonsurgical treatments for lymphoedema. In this study, we introduce a new mode for SIPC and evaluate its clinical results with higher pressures. Participants included 43 lower limb lymphoedema patients who underwent high pressure SIPC. Limb circumference pre- and ...
Zhao Xiuli - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects and safety of azelnidipine and amlodipine in Chinese essential hypertensive patients. Patients were randomized to receive administration of azelnidipine 8-16 mg/day or amlodipine 2.5-5 mg/day for 8 weeks. The blood pressure and pulse rate were evaluated in an outpatient clinic ...
Miwa Yoshikazu - - 2010
Sustained proteinuria is an important risk factor for not only renal but also cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) have been shown to reduce proteinuria. Monotherapy with those drugs is often insufficient for optimal blood pressure (BP)-lowering and therefore, combined therapy is needed. Recent reports ...
Fogari Roberto - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare the effect on ankle edema of adding valsartan (V) or olmesartan (O) to amlodipine (A) in the treatment of hypertension. METHODS: After a 4-week placebo period, 74 adult outpatients with essential hypertension (diastolic blood pressure [DBP] >90 and <110 mmHg, and ...
Miyagawa Koichi - - 2010
Anti-hypertensive medication with an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) is effective in slowing the progression of chronic kidney disease. The present study was designed to investigate whether calcium channel blockers (CCBs) in combination with an ARB differentially affect kidney function. Elderly hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (n = 17, ...
Ordaz-Medina Susan M - - 2010
This study compared the effect of enalapril versus placebo on serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in hemodialysis in a randomized, double- blinded, controlled clinical trial. Patients without infection or antiinflammatory drugs were randomly allocated to a study (n = 13, enalapril, 20 mg/day) or ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2010
To investigate the possibility that statins reduce blood pressure as well as cholesterol concentrations through clinic and 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Randomised placebo controlled double blind trial. 13 hospitals in Italy 508 patients with mild hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia, aged 45 to 70 years. Participants were randomised to antihypertensive ...
Jalal S - - 2010
Microalbuminuria can be present in 25-100% of patients with essential hypertension and is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Our goal was to evaluate the effect of a commonly used calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, and an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, lisinopril on urinary albumin excretion in patients with mild ...
Doménech Monica - - 2010
Hypertension is one of the main risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases and the search for new therapeutic strategies aimed at optimizing its control remains an ongoing research and clinical challenge. In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the use of combinations of antihypertensive drugs ...
Destro Maurizio - - 2010
This post hoc analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of triple therapy with amlodipine/valsartan+hydrochlorothiazide (Aml/Val+HCTZ) vs dual therapy with Aml+HCTZ in stage 2 hypertensive patients. The analysis included patients from an eight-week, multicenter, double-blind study, randomized to Aml/Val 10/160 mg or Aml 10 mg groups, who received add-on HCTZ 12.5 ...
Duprez D A - - 2010
Efficacy and safety of the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren was compared with ramipril for treatment of essential systolic hypertension in elderly patients. A 36-week, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled, optional-titration study was performed in 901 patients (aliskiren, n=457; ramipril, n=444) > or =65 years of age with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ...
Moltzer Els - - 2010
Even after successful repair, hypertension is one of the main determinants of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with aortic coarctation (CoA). We compared the effect of candesartan (angiotensin II receptor blockade) and metoprolol (beta-adrenergic receptor blockade) on blood pressure, large artery stiffness, and neurohormonal status in hypertensive patients after ...
Izzo J L JL - - 2010
This multicentre, double-blind, trial in subjects with severe hypertension compared the efficacy and tolerability of two parallel drug regimens: A/B (amlodipine/benazepril: 5/20 or 10/40 mg daily, if necessary) with A (amlodipine: 5 or 10 mg daily, if necessary). The principal dependent variable was the proportion of patients achieving goal blood ...
Linnebjerg H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the potential effect of exenatide on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lisinopril in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. METHODS: 22 patients with mild-to-moderate primary hypertension participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 2-period, 2-sequence crossover study. Patients on stable lisinopril therapy were randomly assigned to receive subcutaneous exenatide ...
Schunkert H H Universitaetsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Medizinische Klinik II, Ratzeburger Allee 160, Luebeck, Germany. - - 2009
ABSTRACT (ARB), in essential hypertensive patients not adequately controlled by amlodipine monotherapy. This was a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled study in patients with essential hypertension. After a washout period followed by a single-blind amlodipine 10 mg run-in period, patients with mean sitting diastolic blood pressure (msDBP) > or =90 mmHg ...
Yamanari Hiroshi - - 2009
The side effects of thiazide-type diuretics include metabolic abnormality and increased oxidative stress, which might cause endothelial dysfunction despite blood pressure reduction. In hypertensive patients with heart failure, treatment with an aldosterone antagonist resulted in improvements in endothelial function and significant blood pressure reduction. The purpose of the present study ...
Arif A Faruqui AF Medical Services Department, Medley Pharmaceuticals Limited, Mumbai - - 2009
Elevated blood pressure is a staggering health problem as it is very common and it remains asymptomatic. Hypertension is most important risk factor in coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of telmisartan monotherapy (TELMED 20/40) and fixed dose combination ...
Abe Masanori - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the renoprotective and blood pressure-lowering effects of combination losartan-low-dose hydrochlorothiazide with losartan alone in hypertensive patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic at a university-affiliated hospital in Japan. PATIENTS: Sixty adults (mean age 67 yrs) with ...
Meyer Barbara J - - 2009
As meat is a rich source of the omega-3 fatty acid docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and Australians consume six times more meat than fish, investigation of the potential health benefit of DPA is warranted. The aims were to compare the effects of seal oil supplementation with fish oil, on measures of ...
Ochiai Ryuji - - 2009
Recent studies suggest that chlorogenic acids, which are the main components of the polyphenol class in coffee, decrease blood pressure, and that hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ), which is generated by roasting coffee beans, inhibits the antihypertensive effect of chlorogenic acids in brewed coffee. Here, we examined the vasoreactivity and antihypertensive effects of ...
Fogari R R Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, Centro Ipertensione e Fisiopatologia Cardiovascolare, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of telmisartan and eprosartan on insulin sensitivity in overweight hypertensive patients. Fifty overweight (BMI > or = 25 and <30 kg/m (2)) outpatients, aged 41-65 years, with mild to moderate hypertension [systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 and diastolic blood pressure ...
Tuktabiev M A - - 2009
The energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction technique has been employed to study the structure and equation of state of realgar As(4)S(4) under pressures up to 8 GPa at room temperature. We have obtained pressure dependences of the unit cell parameters and volume for the monoclinic structure of realgar. An approximation of the equation ...
Park Yoo Kyoung - - 2009
In a placebo-controlled double-blinded study, the effect of 8 weeks of grape juice was compared to the effect of isocaloric placebo juice. Volunteers with a systolic blood pressure > 130 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg were recruited. A total of 40 healthy subjects were randomized to receive ...
Chrysant Steven G - - 2009
National and international guidelines recommend the use of combination drugs as a first-line therapy for persons with stage 2 hypertension (blood pressure > or =160/100 mmHg). Although hypertension is common (30% of adults in the USA), its control to recommended blood pressure levels of under 140/90 mmHg remains low, at ...
Sivaprakasapillai Brahmesh - - 2009
This study was undertaken to determine whether grape seed extracts (GSE) that contain powerful vasodilator phenolic compounds lower blood pressure in subjects with the metabolic syndrome. The subjects were randomized into 3 groups-(a) placebo, (b) 150 mg GSE per day, and (c) 300 mg GSE per day-and treated for 4 ...
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