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Miyagawa Koichi - - 2010
Anti-hypertensive medication with an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) is effective in slowing the progression of chronic kidney disease. The present study was designed to investigate whether calcium channel blockers (CCBs) in combination with an ARB differentially affect kidney function. Elderly hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (n = 17, ...
Ordaz-Medina Susan M - - 2010
This study compared the effect of enalapril versus placebo on serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in hemodialysis in a randomized, double- blinded, controlled clinical trial. Patients without infection or antiinflammatory drugs were randomly allocated to a study (n = 13, enalapril, 20 mg/day) or ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2010
To investigate the possibility that statins reduce blood pressure as well as cholesterol concentrations through clinic and 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Randomised placebo controlled double blind trial. 13 hospitals in Italy 508 patients with mild hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia, aged 45 to 70 years. Participants were randomised to antihypertensive ...
Jalal S - - 2010
Microalbuminuria can be present in 25-100% of patients with essential hypertension and is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Our goal was to evaluate the effect of a commonly used calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, and an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, lisinopril on urinary albumin excretion in patients with mild ...
Doménech Monica - - 2010
Hypertension is one of the main risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases and the search for new therapeutic strategies aimed at optimizing its control remains an ongoing research and clinical challenge. In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the use of combinations of antihypertensive drugs ...
Destro Maurizio - - 2010
This post hoc analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of triple therapy with amlodipine/valsartan+hydrochlorothiazide (Aml/Val+HCTZ) vs dual therapy with Aml+HCTZ in stage 2 hypertensive patients. The analysis included patients from an eight-week, multicenter, double-blind study, randomized to Aml/Val 10/160 mg or Aml 10 mg groups, who received add-on HCTZ 12.5 ...
Duprez D A - - 2010
Efficacy and safety of the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren was compared with ramipril for treatment of essential systolic hypertension in elderly patients. A 36-week, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled, optional-titration study was performed in 901 patients (aliskiren, n=457; ramipril, n=444) > or =65 years of age with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ...
Moltzer Els - - 2010
Even after successful repair, hypertension is one of the main determinants of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with aortic coarctation (CoA). We compared the effect of candesartan (angiotensin II receptor blockade) and metoprolol (beta-adrenergic receptor blockade) on blood pressure, large artery stiffness, and neurohormonal status in hypertensive patients after ...
Izzo J L JL - - 2010
This multicentre, double-blind, trial in subjects with severe hypertension compared the efficacy and tolerability of two parallel drug regimens: A/B (amlodipine/benazepril: 5/20 or 10/40 mg daily, if necessary) with A (amlodipine: 5 or 10 mg daily, if necessary). The principal dependent variable was the proportion of patients achieving goal blood ...
Schunkert H - - 2009
ABSTRACT (ARB), in essential hypertensive patients not adequately controlled by amlodipine monotherapy. METHODS: This was a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, active-controlled study in patients with essential hypertension. After a washout period followed by a single-blind amlodipine 10 mg run-in period, patients with mean sitting diastolic blood pressure (msDBP) > or =90 ...
Linnebjerg H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the potential effect of exenatide on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lisinopril in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. METHODS: 22 patients with mild-to-moderate primary hypertension participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 2-period, 2-sequence crossover study. Patients on stable lisinopril therapy were randomly assigned to receive subcutaneous exenatide ...
Yamanari Hiroshi - - 2009
The side effects of thiazide-type diuretics include metabolic abnormality and increased oxidative stress, which might cause endothelial dysfunction despite blood pressure reduction. In hypertensive patients with heart failure, treatment with an aldosterone antagonist resulted in improvements in endothelial function and significant blood pressure reduction. The purpose of the present study ...
Arif A Faruqui AF Medical Services Department, Medley Pharmaceuticals Limited, Mumbai - - 2009
Elevated blood pressure is a staggering health problem as it is very common and it remains asymptomatic. Hypertension is most important risk factor in coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of telmisartan monotherapy (TELMED 20/40) and fixed dose combination ...
Abe Masanori - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the renoprotective and blood pressure-lowering effects of combination losartan-low-dose hydrochlorothiazide with losartan alone in hypertensive patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic at a university-affiliated hospital in Japan. PATIENTS: Sixty adults (mean age 67 yrs) with ...
Meyer Barbara J - - 2009
As meat is a rich source of the omega-3 fatty acid docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and Australians consume six times more meat than fish, investigation of the potential health benefit of DPA is warranted. The aims were to compare the effects of seal oil supplementation with fish oil, on measures of ...
Ochiai Ryuji - - 2009
Recent studies suggest that chlorogenic acids, which are the main components of the polyphenol class in coffee, decrease blood pressure, and that hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ), which is generated by roasting coffee beans, inhibits the antihypertensive effect of chlorogenic acids in brewed coffee. Here, we examined the vasoreactivity and antihypertensive effects of ...
Fogari R R Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, Centro Ipertensione e Fisiopatologia Cardiovascolare, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of telmisartan and eprosartan on insulin sensitivity in overweight hypertensive patients. Fifty overweight (BMI > or = 25 and <30 kg/m (2)) outpatients, aged 41-65 years, with mild to moderate hypertension [systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 and diastolic blood pressure ...
Tuktabiev M A - - 2009
The energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction technique has been employed to study the structure and equation of state of realgar As(4)S(4) under pressures up to 8 GPa at room temperature. We have obtained pressure dependences of the unit cell parameters and volume for the monoclinic structure of realgar. An approximation of the equation ...
Park Yoo Kyoung - - 2009
In a placebo-controlled double-blinded study, the effect of 8 weeks of grape juice was compared to the effect of isocaloric placebo juice. Volunteers with a systolic blood pressure > 130 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg were recruited. A total of 40 healthy subjects were randomized to receive ...
Chrysant Steven G - - 2009
National and international guidelines recommend the use of combination drugs as a first-line therapy for persons with stage 2 hypertension (blood pressure > or =160/100 mmHg). Although hypertension is common (30% of adults in the USA), its control to recommended blood pressure levels of under 140/90 mmHg remains low, at ...
Sivaprakasapillai Brahmesh - - 2009
This study was undertaken to determine whether grape seed extracts (GSE) that contain powerful vasodilator phenolic compounds lower blood pressure in subjects with the metabolic syndrome. The subjects were randomized into 3 groups-(a) placebo, (b) 150 mg GSE per day, and (c) 300 mg GSE per day-and treated for 4 ...
Harte Daniel - - 2009
This pilot study investigates whether pressure and silicone therapy used simultaneously are more effective in treating multiple characteristics of hypertrophic scars than pressure alone. A pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted. Twenty-two participants with hypertrophic burn scars were randomized to receive Jobskin pressure garments and Mepiform silicone sheeting or Jobskin ...
Martínez Martín Francisco Javier - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of manidipine versus amlodipine on blood pressure, albuminuria, insulin sensitivity, adiponectin, TNF-alpha and C-reactive protein in nondiabetic subjects with metabolic syndrome (ATP-III definition), including impaired fasting glucose (>5.6 mmol/l) and hypertension. METHODS: In total, 64 patients were recruited and randomly assigned to manidipine 20 mg ...
Werner Natalie S - - 2009
The present study investigated whether the D-camphor-crataegus berry extract combination Korodin elevates blood pressure and enhances cognitive performance in the elderly population. Eighty women aged between 50 and 80 years were examined based on a randomized, placebo controlled double blind design. Blood pressure was measured sphygmomanometrically and through continuous noninvasive ...
Lacourcière Yves - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies using the combination of angiotensin-receptor blockers and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) have shown superior ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) reduction in study participants with stage 2 hypertension compared with monotherapy. OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, double-blind, parallel group, forced-titration study of individuals with stage 2 hypertension, compared the efficacy of valsartan and ...
Perrone-Filardi Pasquale - - 2009
Endothelial dysfunction is a major determinant of atherosclerosis and a negative prognostic factor in patients with coronary artery disease and hypertension. Recovery of endothelial dysfunction has been associated with improved prognosis in these patients. The aim of the present study was to verify whether antagonism of angiotensin II AT1 receptors ...
Sobenin Igor A - - 2009
Numerous clinical investigations that have focused on the hypotensive effects of garlic-based preparations have led to controversial results that may be partially because of differences in the composition of the preparations and in the biological responses they induce. It is possible that garlic powder tablets with a prolonged mode of ...
Bönner G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with high cardiovascular risk are prevalent in ambulatory care. To achieve adequate blood pressure control, such patients require higher drug doses and/or combination therapy. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of losartan 100 mg as monotherapy or in fixed-dose combination with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg. DESIGN AND ...
Chung Jin-Wook - - 2009
The antihypertensive efficacy and tolerability of losartan (LST) in fixed combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) has not been compared to those of amlodipine monotherapy in Asians. This is an important comparison to draw, because Asians have been suggested to respond more favorably to calcium channel blockers and less favorably to angiotensin-converting ...
Baker William L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated the impact of oral magnesium on blood pressure; however, they used magnesium salts with low bioavailability, had methodological issues, and showed differing results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term blood pressure-lowering ability of oral magnesium L-lactate versus placebo in patients with implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS: ...
Zheng Xiaolin - - 2009
1. The objective was to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and to determine the tolerance and the efficacy of high dose beta 1-adrenergic receptor blocker metoprolol in long-term treatment of DCM patients. 2. DCM patients (n=362) and age-matched individuals (n=401) were surveyed for investigating ...
Kohlmann Osvaldo O - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetes complicated by hypertension and microalbuminuria have elevated cardiovascular risk, and controlling blood pressure in these patients is an urgent clinical priority. The present study aimed to examine the effects of a fixed-dose combination of antihypertensives on blood pressure and microalbuminuria. METHODS: Patients with type 2 diabetes, ...
Choi Seul Min - - 2009
A combination of antihypertensive agents can better control blood pressure and reduce the number and severity of side effects than a monotherapy. Since both CCBs (calcium channel blockers) and ARBs (angiotensin II receptor type-1 blockers) are current and effective antihypertensive drugs, this study assessed the synergistic antihypertensive effects as well ...
Chao C L - - 2009
This double-blind, active- and randomized-controlled study compared the efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide 80 mg/12.5 mg once daily (n = 32) with amlodipine monotherapy 5 mg once daily (n = 33) for 8 weeks in patients with mild to moderate hypertension. Non-inferiority of valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide to amlodipine ...
Ghiadoni Lorenzo - - 2009
The effect on endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilation of 24-week treatment with a fixed-dose combination of perindopril/indapamide (2/0.625 mg, daily) and atenolol (50 mg, daily), was evaluated in 62 untreated essential hypertensive patients according a double-blind, parallel group, randomized study. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), response to sublingual glyceril trinitrate (GTN, ...
Mestre Nélia C - - 2009
Early ontogenetic adaptations reflect the evolutionary history of a species. To understand the evolution of the deep-sea fauna and its adaptation to high pressure, it is important to know the effects of pressure on their shallow-water relatives. In this study we analyse the temperature and pressure tolerances of early life-history ...
Han Ping - - 2009
Combinations therapy is often used in hypertensive patients whether combination therapy is necessary for preventing end-organ damage is not known. The objective of this study was to determine in four different hypertensive animal models the necessity of adding the calcium channel blocker amlodipine to therapy with the ss-blocker atenolol to ...
Braun N - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: For patients with moderate hypertension (grade 2, defined as systolic blood pressure [SBP] 160-179 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] 100-109 mmHg), current guidelines recommend initial combination therapy and rapid dose-adjustment to achieve blood pressure goal. In this study we investigated the efficacy and tolerability of the ...
Kushiro Toshio - - 2009
Inhibition of renin, the first rate-limiting enzyme in the renin-angiotensin system, has long been a therapeutic goal for treatment of hypertension. Aliskiren, the first in a new class of oral direct renin inhibitors, has been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP) in several short-term studies. In this 52-week, open-label, multicenter, ...
Ried Karin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Flavanol-rich chocolate and lycopene-rich tomato extract have attracted interest as potential alternative treatment options for hypertension, a known risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Treatment of prehypertension (SBP 120-139/DBP 80-89 mmHg) may forestall progression to hypertension. However, there has been only limited research into non-pharmacological treatment options for ...
Omboni Stefano - - 2009
Zofenopril, is a highly lipophilic ACE inhibitor, characterized by long-lasting tissue penetration and sustained cardiac ACE inhibition, indicated for the treatment of hypertension and myocardial infarction. Comparative studies with different antihypertensive drug classes have demonstrated the good efficacy and tolerability of this compound in the management of the patient with ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2009
Pharmacological treatment of hypertension is effective in preventing cardiovascular and renal complications. Calcium antagonists and blockers of the renin-angiotensin system are widely used today to initiate antihypertensive therapy but, when given as monotherapy, do not suffice in most patients to normalize blood pressure. Combining the two types of agents considerably ...
Mourad Jean-Jacques - - 2009
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) strongly predicts cardiovascular risk and is an important factor to evaluate in studies of antihypertensive treatments. A recent randomized controlled study has shown that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist (angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB]) olmesartan medoxomil (hereafter olmesartan) combined with the calcium channel antagonist (calcium ...
Koh Kwang Kon - - 2010
ASCOT-BPLA study demonstrates that in hypertensive subjects, atenolol+bendroflumethiazide therapy is associated with higher incidence of adverse cardiovascular outcomes and developing diabetes than an amlodipine+perindopril regimen. This is not explained by changes in blood pressure alone. We hypothesized that distinct vascular and metabolic effects of anti-hypertensive drugs may explain these differential ...
Versari D - - 2009
AIM: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of treatment with verapamil, trandolapril and their combination on peripheral microcirculation vasoreactivity. METHODS: Twenty hypertensive patients were randomized to receive oral trandolapril (4 mg oid; TRA) or verapamil (240 mg oid; VER) for 6 months and then the ...
Bönner Gerd - - 2008
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of candesartan cilexetil 32 mg in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) 12.5 mg or 25 mg in hypertensive patients not optimally controlled with candesartan monotherapy. A total of 3521 patients with treated or untreated hypertension and sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 90-114 mmHg, entered a ...
Vogt Liffert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Renoprotection is predicted by the antiproteinuric efficacy of a pharmacological agent. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) interfering non-selectively in the prostaglandin system have strong antiproteinuric potency without reduction of systemic blood pressure. The effect of the selective COX-2 inhibitor rofecoxib in proteinuric patients is unknown, granted recently reported detrimental effects ...
Dufka F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: L-methamphetamine (the non-abused isomer of methamphetamine) is banned in athletic competition because it may improve athletic performance, but there are no studies assessing its effects on performance. In the United States L-methamphetamine is formulated in the non-prescription Vick's Vapor Inhaler (VVI) nasal decongestant. VVIs sold elsewhere (we used ones ...
Martinez-Martin Francisco Javier - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of adding manidipine 20 mg versus amlodipine 10 mg to the treatment of diabetic patients with uncontrolled hypertension and microalbuminuria despite full-dose treatment with a renin-angiotensin system blocker for at least 6 months. Patients were randomized to receive ...
Schandry Rainer - - 2008
A number of studies have provided evidence for reduced cognitive performance due to chronically low blood pressure. The present studies explored whether these deficits can be reduced by pharmacological blood pressure elevation. Effects of the Camphor-Crataegus berry extract combination (Korodin(®)) were investigated in two studies with 40 and 48 hypotensive ...
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