Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2148
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Stergiou George S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To provide a direct comparison of the trough : peak ratio (TPR), the morning : evening home blood pressure ratio (MER) and the smoothness index (SI) in assessing the features of the antihypertensive drug effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 27 untreated hypertensives were randomized to receive lisinopril ...
Holzgreve Heinrich - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that diuretics and beta blockers impair glucose tolerance, whereas calcium channel blockers and angiotensin converting enzyme blockers lack this metabolic effect. We compared the effect of a combination therapy with a nondihydropyridine calcium channel blocker plus an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and a beta blocker plus ...
Rosei Enrico Agabiti - - 2003
The main objective of this study was to compare the anti-hypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol (5 mg once daily) and lisinopril (20 mg once daily) given for 12 weeks in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. Fourteen centres participated in this randomized, double-blind parallel group study. Sixty-eight patients ...
Lund-Johansen Per - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Of the study was to compare the leg oedema-forming potential of two different dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers in postmenopausal women. DESIGN: A total of 92 postmenopausal hypertensive patients [systolic blood pressure (SBP) 150-179 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 95-109 mmHg were randomized to receive a 4-week treatment with ...
Bakris George L - - 2003
Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) demonstrate that only 11% of people with diabetes who are treated for high blood pressure achieve the blood pressure goal of <130/85 mm Hg recommended in the sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, ...
Pugh Peter J - - 2003
AIMS: Anabolic therapy with testosterone may be useful in the treatment of wasting associated with chronic heart failure but little is known about its cardiovascular actions. The aim of this study was to determine the acute haemodynamic effects of testosterone administration in men with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Elevated systolic blood pressure is a more important risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease than elevated diastolic blood pressure. Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) is the predominant form of hypertension in the elderly. Effects of angiotensin II on the vascular wall and endothelium may contribute to development of ISH. ...
Vidt Donald G - - 2003
The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) compared four antihypertensive agents in patients 55 years and older: chlorthalidone, doxazosin, amlodipine, and lisinopril. The doxazosin arm was terminated early because of an excess of congestive heart failure. Chlorthalidone was at least equivalent to amlodipine and lisinopril in ...
Kalus James S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate and short-term hemodynamic and electrocardiographic effects of Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo). METHODS: Healthy volunteers were randomized to receive ginkgo 120 mg or placebo twice daily for 7 days in this prospective, double blind trial. After at least a 7-day washout period, subjects were crossed over to ...
Kuramoto Kizuku - - 2003
We objected: 1) To compare the effects of azelnidipine and amlodipine on 24-h blood pressure; 2) To monitor the plasma concentration vs. the time profile in order to assess the association between pharmacokinetics and hypotensive activity after administration of either drug for 6 weeks. Blood pressure and pulse rate were ...
Fogari R - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of benazepril addition to amlodipine antihypertensive treatment on ankle-foot volume (AFV) and pretibial subcutaneous tissue pressure (PSTP), two objective measures of ankle oedema. A total of 32 mild to moderate essential hypertensives (DBP>90 and <110 mmHg), aged 30-70 years were ...
Rossing Kasper - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Irbesartan was renoprotective independently of its blood pressure-lowering effect in the Irbesartan in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Microalbuminuria (IRMA2) study. However, blood pressure was evaluated by trough office blood pressure (OBP), which may underestimate reductions in 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). In the present study, we evaluated ...
Pepine Carl J - - 2003
The efficacy and safety of nisoldipine-extended release (ER) and amlodipine were compared in a 6-week multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel group, titration-to-effect trial in patients with stage 1 to 2 systemic hypertension (90 to 109 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure [BP]) and chronic stable angina pectoris. After a 3-week placebo ...
Elung-Jensen Thomas - - 2003
In chronic renal failure, the clearance of most ACE inhibitors including enalapril is reduced. Hence, with conventional dosage, plasma enalaprilat may be markedly elevated. It is unclear whether this excess of drug exposure affords an improved control of blood pressure. The aim of the present study was to evaluate short-term ...
Rosei Enrico Agabiti - - 2003
The main objective of this study was to compare the anti-hypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol (5 mg once daily) and lisinopril (20 mg once daily) given for 12 weeks in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. Fourteen centres participated in this randomized, double-blind parallel group study. Sixty-eight patients ...
Davis Belinda J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: To explore the effects of various antihypertensive regimes which achieve similar blood pressure control using a range of agents including the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist, valsartan, as monotherapy or in combination with two subclasses of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) (the dihydropyridine, amlodipine and the phenylalkylamine, ...
Podzolkov Valery I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II antagonists have proved to be effective antihypertensive agents with organoprotective properties. We aimed to clarify the effects of losartan and its combination with hydrochlorothiazide on 24-h blood pressures (BPs), central hemodynamics and microcirculation in essential hypertension (EH). METHODS: Forty patients with mild to moderate EH were randomly ...
Kes Sirri - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular disease, and treatment of hypertension leads to a significant reduction in cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Although calcium channel blockers are regarded as an important part of the therapeutic armamentarium against cardiovascular diseases, and are among the most frequently prescribed ...
Ajayi Adesuyi A Leslie - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized by an initial compensatory, but subsequently deleterious, activation of both the renin-angiotensin (RAS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Incomplete suppression of the SNS may contribute to the residual mortality during optimal ACE inhibitor therapy in CHF. Carvedilol, a mixed alpha and beta-blocker ...
Neutel Joel J Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Hypertension, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, CA, USA. - - 2003
Angiotensin II receptor blockers are well tolerated and improve compliance in hypertensive patients. The need for 24-hour blood pressure control has focused attention on whether all agents in this class maintain smooth antihypertensive effects over a 24-hour period. Insight into this issue emerged from a meta-analysis of five large, multicenter ...
Mounier-Véhier Claire - - 2002
A 90-day, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study was conducted to compare the efficacy of amlodipine (once a day) with nicardipine (two to three times a day), in the treatment of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) in the elderly. Patients (n = 133) aged > or = 60 years, with ISH were ...
Klingbeil Arnfried U - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Arterial hypertension leads to vascular structural and functional adaptive processes that are influenced by angiotensin II. To analyze the effects of AT receptor blockade on vascular function we determined augmentation index. METHODS AND DESIGN: A total of 60 patients (53 +/- 10 years) with essential hypertension mean [blood pressure ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2002
A limited number of studies have evaluated the effect of angiotensin II receptor antagonists (AIIAs) on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in comparison with other antihypertensive drugs, and no large study has compared AIIAs with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). The CATCH (Candesartan Assessment in the Treatment of Cardiac Hypertrophy) study was ...
Amerena J J Department of Cardiology, Geelong Hospital, Geelong, Victoria, Australia. - - 2002
In this multicentre, prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint (PROBE) study, the efficacy of 12 weeks' treatment with once-daily telmisartan 40-80 mg and enalapril 10-20 mg was evaluated using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in 522 patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension. Patients were titrated to the higher dose of study drug at ...
Andreozzi Giuseppe Maria GM Angiology Care Unit, University Hospital, Padua, Italy, - - 2002
To assess the acute effects of L-propionyl-carnitine (LPC) on vaso-motion, tissue perfusion and tissue acidosis during an ischaemia-reperfusion test in patients with intermittent claudication. Open pharmacodynamic study. Sixteen male patients with intermittent claudication (mean absolute claudication distance 193.19 ± 51.51m). Intravenous infusion of LPC 600mg. Laser-Doppler perfusion units and power ...
Malcolm Robert - - 2002
Blood pressure and headache frequency were evaluated in normotensive male and female cocaine-dependent patients (N=43) participating in a placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of amlodipine for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Amlodipine produced a significant reduction in both systolic (p=0.04) and diastolic (p=0.01) blood pressures without producing dizziness or faintness. Placebo subjects ...
de Visser Saco J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the concentration-effect relationships for the antihypertensive effects of rilmenidine in patients to aid in the design of an optimized concentration profile of a sustained-release formulation. METHODS: A placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, 2-way partial crossover study was performed in subjects with hypertension. Patients were randomized ...
Arosio Enrico - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects on small arteries and on the cutaneous microcirculatory system of nebivolol and atenolol in hypertensive patients. DESIGN: Twenty hypertensive patients were randomly assigned to receive nebivolol or atenolol in a single-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study. Piezoelectric plethysmography on the third finger, laser Doppler on the third ...
Gosse P - - 2002
The PICXEL study is designed to evaluate the effects of long-term administration of very low-dose combination perindopril 2 mg/indapamide 0.625 mg (Per/Ind) vs enalapril in reducing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive patients. This multicentre, controlled, randomised, double-blind, parallel group study is carried-out to assess the variation of left ventricular ...
Dahlof Björn - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of the angiotensin II antagonist, losartan, with those of atenolol on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), blood pressure and neurohormone concentrations in hypertensive patients with LVH. DESIGN: A multinational, randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Hospital. PATIENTS: Hypertensive patients with an echocardiographically documented left ventricular mass index (LVMI) ...
Regamey Frédéric F Division of Hypertension and Vascular Medicine, CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2002
This double-blind placebo-controlled study was designed to investigate the acute and sustained hormonal, renal hemodynamic, and tubular effects of concomitant ACE and neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibition by omapatrilat, a vasopeptidase inhibitor, in men. Thirty-two normotensive subjects were randomized to receive a placebo, omapatrilat (40 or 80 mg), or the fosinopril/hydrochlorothiazide ...
Lehtonen Lasse - - 2002
It was assessed whether the contractility enhancing effect of the calcium sensitiser levosimendan is altered by carvedilol. Twelve healthy subjects received 2 mg levosimendan i.v. both alone and in addition to a 7-9-day treatment with 25 mg carvedilol orally, twice daily, in a cross-over, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomised study. Systolic time ...
Leu Jyh-Gang - - 2002
The renoprotective effect and safety of an angiotensin II receptor blocker, losartan, were studied in 11 diabetic and 14 nondiabetic patients with a daily urinary protein excretion >500 mg. Once-daily losartan was administered to all patients for 16 weeks without diuretics or other antihypertensive agents. A daily dose of 50 ...
Bakris George G Department of Preventive Medicine and Internal Medicine, Rush Hypertension/Clinical Research Center, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2002
A prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded end-point trial compared telmisartan and valsartan for treating mild to moderate hypertension. Efficacy for 24-hour control of blood pressure was assessed using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Mean changes in diastolic blood pressure for the last 6 hours before dosing and the nighttime period were significantly ...
Ludwig Malte M University Clinic Bonn, Department of Medicine, - - 2002
Hypertension induces progressive pathologic changes in the arterial wall. Experimental findings suggest that these changes, which include intima-media thickening, may be mediated, at least in part, by angiotensin II (AII). The Losartan Vascular Regression Study (LAARS) was a double-blind, parallel-group, randomized, controlled, multicenter study designed to compare the effects of ...
Prys-Roberts Cedric - - 2002
Despite adverse side effects, phenoxybenzamine has been widely used for the preoperative management of patients with pheochromocytoma. Doxazosin, a specific a 1-adrenoceptor antagonist, has a pharmacologic profile more suited to controlling blood pressure in such patients. A sequential study of 35 patients with pheochromocytoma encompassed a definite and prescribed change ...
Supiyaphun Pakpoom - - 2002
The objective of the study was to evaluate the adverse reactions of Loratadine plus Pseudoephedrine Sulfate Repetabs Tables (LTD+PSE Repetabs) (Loratadine 5 mg + Pseudoephedrine 120 mg) twice daily with that of loratadine (5 mg) twice daily and pseudoephedrine (60 mg) quarter daily in the treatment of patients with allergic ...
Jacobsen Peter - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria and hypertension are predictors of poor renal and cardiovascular outcome in patients with diabetes. Approximately 30% of type 1 patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) have albuminuria >1 g/day, and blood pressure >135 and/or >85 mmHg despite antihypertensive therapy with recommended doses of ACE inhibitor (ACEI) and diuretics. We ...
van Schie Debby L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish the optimal dosage of ketanserin in the treatment of severe hypertension in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A double blind prospective randomised controlled trail, comparing 10 mg ketanserin given as intravenous boluses either every 10 or 20 min, until the therapeutic goal of 90 mmHg (diastolic blood pressure) was ...
Caron Michael F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Panax ginseng ingestion can acutely or chronically alter electrocardiographic parameters: PR, QRS, QT, QTc, and RR intervals, and QT and QTc interval dispersion. Effects of P. ginseng on blood pressure and heart rate also were evaluated. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of ...
Liau C S - - 2002
The efficacy and safety profiles of barnidipine in the treatment of hypertension were evaluated in an open parallel-group study. Fifty-nine Chinese patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension were randomized to receive either barnidipine or felodipine (5 mg once daily, titrated to 10 mg or 15 mg once daily, as indicated) for ...
Fogari Roberto - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on antihypertensive efficacy produced by the addition of indomethacin to the angiotensin II (Ang II) antagonist, valsartan, or to the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, lisinopril, in hypertensive patients with chronic osteoarthritis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients (52 men and 76 women) aged 25-82 ...
Kim K H - - 2002
We performed a multicentre, phase IV, open-label clinical trial to examine the clinical usefulness of a continuous infusion of nicardipine hydrochloride to control hypertension in 31 patients with acute aortic dissection. Target blood pressure levels were reached within 15 min in 16 patients; in 15-30 min in 10 patients; in ...
Saaresranta T - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) therapy on pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), exhaled nitric oxide (NO), electrocardiogram (ECG), and on arterial blood gases (ABG). DESIGN: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled cross-over trial. SETTING: University hospital in Turku, Finland. SUBJECTS: Fourteen postmenopausal women with respiratory impairment. INTERVENTIONS: A 2-week ...
Fogari Roberto - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of valsartan and atenolol on sexual activity and plasma testosterone in newly diagnosed, previously untreated, essential hypertensive male subjects. METHODS: One hundred and ten hypertensive men, aged 40-49 years, homogeneous for marital status and without any previous sexual dysfunction were randomly treated with valsartan 80 ...
Fleishaker Joseph C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the cardiovascular effects of almotriptan, a 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B/1D agonist, in treated patients with hypertension. METHODS: Twenty patients with hypertension controlled by medication received the following treatments in a randomized, double-blind, crossover design: one placebo tablet, one 12.5-mg almotriptan tablet, and one 25-mg almotriptan tablet. ...
Eryonucu Beyhan - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chronic effect of rilmenidine on time domain indexes of heart rate variability in patients with mild hypertension. Twenty patients (12 males, eight females; mean age, 47 yr; age range, 38-55 yr), with untreated and newly diagnosed mild hypertension were studied. There ...
Benetos Athanase - - 2002
Hypertension in the elderly, especially systolic hypertension, has been recognized as a major cardiovascular risk factor. Several international studies, using primarily diuretics and/or beta-blockers, have shown the benefits of antihypertensive treatment in elderly patients in terms of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality reduction. However, because the risk of side-effects is a ...
Walker Ann F - - 2002
This pilot study was aimed at investigating the hypotensive potential of hawthorn extract and magnesium dietary supplements individually and in combination, compared with a placebo. Thirty-six mildly hypertensive subjects completed the study. At baseline, anthropometric and dietary assessment, as well as blood pressure measurements were taken at rest, after exercise ...
Pahor Marco - - 2002
BACKGROUND: ACE inhibitors and calcium antagonists may modulate fibrinolysis. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the effects of these drugs on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) antigen, an inhibitor of fibrinolysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (n=96, 51% black) were randomized after an ...
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