Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1379
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Hänel F - - 2001
Previous studies have shown that laparoscopic interventions are associated with increases in intracranial pressure. However, the consequences on cerebral blood flow (CBF) are unknown. This study investigates the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum on CBF in pigs. Ten pigs (weight, 20-26 kg) were anesthetized with 1.4% isoflurane and fentanyl ...
Vesely A - - 2001
Cerebrovascular reactivity can be quantified by correlating blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal intensity with changes in end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2). Four 3-min cycles of high and low PCO2 were induced in three subjects, each cycle containing a steady PCO2 level lasting at least 60 sec. The ...
Knight S L - - 2001
Two complementary techniques were employed to assess the soft tissue response to applied pressure. The noninvasive methods involve the simultaneous measurement of the local tensions of oxygen and carbon dioxide (tcPO2 and tcPCO2) and the collection and subsequent analysis of sweat collected from the sacrum, a common site for the ...
Liu F C FC Armed Forces Taoyuan General Hospital, Taoyuan, - - 2001
The volume of a bulky venous air emboli (VAE) can be estimated based on the calibration curve generated by injections of minute amount of air into the right atrium (RA) of dogs. We speculated that in patients similar VAE calibration curves could be generated using CO2 injections. As part of ...
Byhahn C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In addition to single-lung ventilation (SLV), positive-pressure CO2 insufflation is mandatory for totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Studies on the effects of unilateral CO2 insufflation on hemodynamics produced controversial results, and bilateral insufflation has not been studied to our knowledge. The present study sought to investigate hemodynamics and ...
Lee S M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that carbon dioxide (CO2) rapidly accumulates in the helmet of the NASA Launch and Entry Suit (LES) during a simulated egress from the Space Shuttle following 6 min of visor-closed seated rest to simulate approach and landing. The purpose of this study was to determine if ...
Erkmen O - - 2001
Bactericidal effects of high-pressure carbon dioxide against Escherichia coli were studied under 100, 75, 50 and 25 bar at 20 degrees C, 30 degrees C and 40 degrees C. E. coli suspended in nutrient broth (NB, pH = 6.75) was inactivated under 100, 75, 50, and 25 bar CO2 treatments ...
D'Angelo E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: There is little information concerning the carbon dioxide-related effects on respiratory mechanics in anesthetized, paralyzed subjects; however, hypocapnia or hypercapnia is often permitted in patients with severe brain injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome. Therefore, the carbon dioxide dependence of respiratory mechanics in healthy anesthetized, paralyzed subjects was investigated. ...
Regev A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Alkaline tide is the transient increase in blood and urine pH following stimulation of gastric acid secretion. It is attributed to HCO3- release from parietal cells in parallel with H+ secretion. The enzyme carbonic anhydrase is thought to be responsible for HCO3- production from CO2 and OH- in the ...
Casati A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the end tidal carbon dioxide estimation in nonintubated, spontaneously breathing patients using either conventional sidestream or microstream capnometers. METHODS: Patients received a regional anesthesia technique, while the end tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (EtCO2) was sampled through a nasal cannula (Nasal FilterLine, Nellcor, Plesanton, CA, USA) and ...
Epstein S K - - 2001
Respiratory acidosis, or primary hypercapnia, is the acid-base disorder that results from an increase in arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide. Acute respiratory acidosis occurs with acute (Type II) respiratory failure, which can result from any sudden respiratory parenchymal (eg, pulmonary edema), airways (eg, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma), ...
Alijani A - - 2001
Positive pressure pneumoperitoneum (12 mm Hg) is associated with adverse physiologic effects that can prove detrimental to certain high-risk patients with diminished cardiorespiratory reserve. Mechanical abdominal wall lift (AWL) has been proposed as an alternative method of exposure in laparoscopic surgery to obviate or minimize these adverse physiologic effects, the ...
Herholz C - - 2001
Ultrasound-spirometry and capnography and the evaluation of corresponding 'single-breath diagrams for CO2' (SBD-CO2) is a relatively new, non-invasive method for assessing pulmonary function in horses. The relative variation and the reliability of observations within measurement sessions were calculated for expiratory tidal volume, for expired CO2 volume (%) and for the ...
Blanch L L - - 2001
Tracheal gas insufflation (TGI) is an adjunct to mechanical ventilation that allows ventilation with small tidal volumes while carbon dioxide (CO2) is satisfactorily cleared. Pioneering studies in healthy animals and in humans suffering respiratory failure showed that the expiratory flushing of proximal dead space decreased minute ventilation with no change ...
Kiwull-Schöne H F - - 2001
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and/or central sleep apnea are sometimes treated with the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acteazolamide to improve blood gas values. Studies have shown that this agent may have a complicated effect on lung ventilation, because carbonic anhydrase has a widespread distribution within the body, particularly ...
Sing R F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Bedside insertion of inferior vena caval filters (IVCFs) avoids risks associated with transporting these critically ill patients to the operating room or to the radiology suite. But because IVCF insertion requires preinsertion caval imaging, the risk of contrast-induced renal failure remains a concern. Carbon dioxide (CO2) as a contrast ...
Bigatello L M - - 2001
The term permissive hypercapnia defines a ventilatory strategy for acute respiratory failure in which the lungs are ventilated with a low inspiratory volume and pressure. The aim of permissive hypercapnia is to minimize lung damage during mechanical ventilation; its limitation is the resulting hypoventilation and carbon dioxide (CO2) retention. In ...
Binder J C - - 2001
This study compares a derivative Fick technique using carbon dioxide (CO2) with the thermodilution pulmonary artery catheter (PAC), for determination of cardiac output (CO). Subjects were sedated, mechanically ventilated adults following elective cardiac surgery Microprocessor controlled deadspace activation and side-stream capnography in a ventilator circuit enabled calculation of CO (CO(CO2)) ...
Imray C H - - 2001
Regional cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) have been studied in subjects inside a portable hyperbaric chamber at altitude during pressurization. The effects of the accumulation of carbon dioxide within the chamber on rSO2 and SpO2 have also been investigated. Three studies of cerebral regional oxygenation were undertaken, ...
Mäkinen M T - - 2001
PURPOSE: Pneumoperitoneum can cause disturbances in acid-base balance and splanchnic perfusion. We studied the effect of ventilation on acid-base balance and gastric mucosal tonometric values in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Twenty-four patients (ASA I-II) were randomly allocated into two groups. In the fixed ventilation group, ventilation was constant allowing ...
Boccara G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To assess the variations in end-tidal CO2 in response to aortic cross-clamping and the relationship with systolic arterial pressure (SAP) changes induced by unclamping. METHODS: Thirty-three patients undergoing infrarenal aortic abdominal aneurysm repair by aorto-aortic prothetic bypass were prospectively studied. All patients were anesthetized with i.v. midazolam (0.05 mg ...
Bush M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To develop a dosage correlated with shoulder height (SH) in centimeters for effective immobilization of free-ranging giraffes, using a combination of medetomidine (MED) and ketamine (KET) and reversal with atipamezole (ATP). DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 23 free-ranging giraffes. PROCEDURE: The drug combination (MED and KET) was administered by use ...
Griffin, Kevin L.
1. Mass-based and area-based rates of respiration, leaf nitrogen content, leaf total protein content, non-structural carbohydrates and leaf mass per unit area (LMA) all decreased with depth in the canopy of Nothofagus fusca (Hook. F.) Oerst. (Red beech) trees grown for 5 years at ambient (36 Pa) or elevated (66 ...
Menna, Tara Marisa.
From the onset of internal pipping (i.e. embryonal breathing of air cell gas) until hatching, the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and the lungs work simultaneously to serve the metabolic needs of the embryo. (1) The carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange rates (V&dot;O2 and V&dot; CO2) through the lungs and the CAM ...
Ferber J - - 2001
Clinical data suggest that cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be abnormally low within the first four to eight hours after severe head injury (SHI). An aggressive hyperventilation can additionally worsen CBF and provoke cerebral ischemia. Therefore an accurate PCO2 monitoring in SHI patients (pts) is necessary. PetCO2 failed to reflect ...
Schallom L - - 2001
The measurement of the pressure of exhaled carbon dioxide (PetCO2) via capnography has several useful hemodynamic applications. This article discusses integrating PetCO2 values with hemodynamic assessment. Capnography can be applied to hemodynamic assessment in three key ways: (1) identification of end-expiration during pulmonary artery and central venous pressure measurements, (2) ...
McKendry J E - - 2001
In situ and in vivo experiments were performed on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to examine (i) the direct effect of CO(2) on the systemic vasculature and (ii) the influence of internal versus external hypercapnic acidosis on cardiovascular variables including blood pressure, cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance. Results from in ...
Mahamed S - - 2001
The contribution of automatic drives to breathing at rest, relative to behavioural drives such as "wakefulness", has been a subject of debate. We measured the combined central and peripheral chemoreflex contribution to resting ventilation using a modified rebreathing method that included a prior hyperventilation and addition of oxygen to maintain ...
Deryckere P - - 2001
This study evaluates spontaneous breathing and CO2-monitoring under sevoflurane anesthesia with a cuffed oropharyngeal (COPA) or laryngeal mask (LMA) as airway. Forty patients (ASA I-II) scheduled for varicose vein surgery were given 2 mg.kg-1 propofol for insertion of a COPA or a LMA. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane at 2.5 ...
Naganobu K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of hypercapnia on arrhythmias in ducks anesthetized with halothane. ANIMALS: 12 ducks, 6 to 8 months old, weighing 1.1 to 1.6 kg. PROCEDURES: Each duck was anesthetized with a 1.5% mixture of halothane in oxygen, and anesthetic depth was stabilized during a 20-minute period. We added ...
El-Dawlatly A A - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, few reports of the haemodynamic impact of intrapleural CO2 insufflation in the clinical setting are available. Therefore, we conducted the present study to compare the haemodynamic changes between right and left side thoracoscopic sympathectomy (TS) for treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis (PH) under general anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND ...
Galizia G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum effects are still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate cardiopulmonary changes in patients subjected to different surgical procedures for cholecystectomy. METHODS: In this study, 15 patients were assigned randomly to three groups according to the surgical procedure to be used: open cholecystectomy ...
Bax N M - - 2001
A 3,220-g newborn baby with trisomy 21 presented with duodenal atresia. No other congenital malformations were diagnosed. Informed consent for a laparoscopic approach was obtained. The child was placed in a supine, head-up position slightly rotated to the left at the end of a shortened operating table. The surgeon stood ...
Jackman S V - - 2000
Histologic information can be pivotal in making treatment decisions. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy is the current standard, but if this procedure fails or is considered to be high risk, laparoscopic biopsy may be appropriate. A CT or ultrasound scan is obtained to determine whether there is any condition that would mandate ...
Mogoa E G - - 2000
The effects of acute exposure to 3 different temperature and humidity conditions on arterial blood-gas and acid-base balance in goats were investigated after intravenous bolus administration of xylazine at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg. Significant (P<0.05) changes in the variables occurred under all 3 environmental conditions. Decreases in pH, partial ...
Dellborg C - - 2000
Long-term nocturnal nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) has beneficial effects on daytime PaCO2 in patients with chronic alveolar hypoventilation. Our aim was to investigate if these beneficial effects are related to improved respiratory drive as measured by ventilatory response to CO2. In 17 hypoventilated patients (mean age 62 years) ...
Vovk A - - 2000
The effect of carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibition with acetazolamide (ACZ, 10 mg kg(-1) I.V.) on the peripheral and central chemosensitivity and breathing pattern was investigated in four women and three men aged 25 +/- 3 years using a modified version of Read's rebreathing technique. Subjects were exposed to dynamic increases ...
Jacobi C A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Injury of venous vessels during elevated intraperitoneal pressure is thought to cause possible fatal gas embolism, and helium may be dangerous because of its low solubility. METHODS: Twenty pigs underwent laparoscopy with either CO2 (n=10) or helium (n=10) with a pressure of 15 mm Hg and standardized laceration (1 ...
Weber T - - 2000
In patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), permissive hypercapnia is a strategy to decrease airway pressures to prevent ventilator-induced lung damage by lowering tidal volumes and tolerating higher arterial carbon dioxide tension. However, in experimental studies hypercapnia impairs myocardial contractility and hemodynamic function. We investigated the effect of short-term ...
Casati A - - 2000
Arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure measurements using the NBP-75 microstream capnometer were compared with direct PaCO2 values in patients who were (a) not intubated and spontaneously breathing, and (b) patients receiving intermittent positive pressure ventilation of the lungs and endotracheal anaesthesia. Twenty ASA physical status I-III patients, undergoing general anaesthesia ...
Collet e Silva F D - - 2000
The use of laparoscopy in generalized peritonitis has become increasingly frequent in recent years. However, CO2 pneumoperitoneum in association with increased intraperitoneal pressure may have deleterious effects in patients with hemodynamic or metabolic disturbances caused by bacterial peritonitis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of CO2 ...
Versichelen L F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on compound A during sevoflurane anesthesia when using closed-circuit conditions and sodalime with modern computer-controlled liquid injection. METHODS: A PhysioFlex apparatus (Dräger, Lübeck, Germany) was connected to an artificial test lung (inflow approximately 160 ml/min carbon dioxide, outflow approximately 200 ml/min, simulating oxygen consumption). Ventilation was ...
Vollmar B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Using a novel endoscopic retroperitoneal approach for thoracolumbar anterior spine fusion, we examined the cardiopulmonary effects of the inevitably associated carbon dioxide (CO2) thoracoretroperitoneum and evaluated noninvasive parameters, which may provide early and adequate recognition of cardiopulmonary dysfunction. METHODS: Under balanced anesthesia and paralysis, six pigs subjected to endoscopic ...
Jenkins D M - - 2000
We report improvements in the application of a pressure-based assay for urea. The assay involved the enzymatic hydrolysis of urea and subsequent measurement of CO2 partial pressure. Effects of the preservative bronopol on the assay and their implications for laboratory applications are discussed. A method of remediating these effects with ...
Vitali R M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A prospective study was performed assessing the hemodynamic effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation during endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) using the Guidant Vasoview Uniport system. METHODS: Five hemodynamic and respiratory parameters (end-tidal carbon dioxide, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide, mean arterial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and cardiac ...
Yau P - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whilst carbon dioxide is the gas generally used for insufflation during laparoscopy, several studies have reported adverse effects specifically associated with its use. These effects may be attributable to chemical, metabolic, or immunologic effects specific to CO2. Because helium is chemically, physiologically, and pharmacologically inert, it has ...
Bhavani-Shankar K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about whether capnography is adequate to monitor pulmonary ventilation to reduce the risk of significant respiratory acidosis in pregnant patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. In this prospective study, changes in arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure difference (PaCO2--PetCO2), induced by carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum, were determined in pregnant ...
Ishizuka B - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the intensity of stress responses caused by laparoscopy combined with CO2 insufflation (CI) with those caused by mechanical elevation of the abdominal wall (MEA). DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty-one women. Intervention. Laparoscopy, 16 with CI and ...
Cantwell S L - - 2000
To evaluate cardiopulmonary effects of one-lung ventilation (OLV) versus two-lung ventilation (TLV) in closed-chest anesthetized dogs. Controlled, randomized experiment. Fourteen, 2- to 7-year-old adult dogs, weighing 23 +/- 6 kg. The dogs were anesthetized with acepromazine, morphine, thiopental, and halothane in oxygen, ventilated, and paralyzed with vecuronium. Tidal volume was ...
Sare M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide is usually preferred as the insufflating agent for laparoscopic surgery because it is readily available, noncombustible, and chemically stable. It is still questionable, however, if CO2 pneumoperitoneum has any effect on free radicals and lipid peroxidation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible effects ...
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